The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, October 22, 1925, Page 8, Image 8

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"IT rir ' ir t i i I ' 1 ...... , , . . , . . . .. . .. .. , ..;.,.,, . .... ....
- i
This cnt is used jy courtesy of the
Associated Industries of Oregon .
; Dates of. Slogans in Daily htatesrnan,
T . (Iu'Twhe-a-Week Statesman Following Day)'
'(With a few pOMfltbta changes)'
JLoganberries, October 1 i
. Prunes, October 8 u...'' .
, Dairying, October 15
JFTaj, October 22
FillieHs October 20 j
. Walnuts, November 5
Ktrawbertes November 12
Apples, November 19
-Raspbrrries, November 20 j
Mint, December 3 ' -Xlreat.Cows,
Ktc, December 10
Blackberrief), December 17
-Cherrien, December 2-1 '
Tears, December 31
Gooseberries, January 7, 1025
Corn, January 14 . i
, Celery, January 21 j
riiiuiru, iv., inuiirj i-"
nlons; Ftc, February 4 i
Potatoes. Ftc, February 11
Bees, February 1H
'Poultry and Pet Stock. Feb.. 23
City Beautiful, Etc., March 4
jlJcana, Ktc March 11
.Fared Highways, March IS
Head lettuce, March 23
"Sijos. Etc., April 1'V.
'Legumes, April 8
'fAnparagt:; Etr April 15
Grapes, Ktc, April 22
Drug Garden, April 2!) ,
l ItJ$ the .Oldest of the Texiile Industries, and the Uses of
f the Products of Flax Are and Wilt Always Be Next to
x Universal The'1 Predictions of a Year Ago Coming
! . .True - ;
' . Flax Is the olTost known vege
fc'taJjl fiber used In'liie makinrjnf
- 1 articles Jor war . and household
usi.t -It j Vaa'- grow a before the
; I dawn of history. In ancient Egypt,
; ; and. to the Bib'e lands. Fhie lin-
eai ere found .in the tombs in the
V.' Valley of the Kings," where the
,m ununified - bodies of the great
" :hohe (pharaohs) -were put away
; 6,000 years or ko ago and sam
ples ot these fabrics, many of tfeem
; preaerved in the British -museum,
.'JAow greaves that our mqdern ma
ehfncrr and methods cannot dupii-
t Ccate. - '
Prelit'tlon( t'ouiing True j ,
f 'V In the annual flax slogan niim
J:. bet df a year ago, the Slogan edi
'. '"tor said: j
. - ER BELIEVES. SbON ,-. , r ,
, ...... T-
,'.Tai above predictions
It Is
come, or are coming true
- s .in porta nt as ever to know that
, ; iBe raising or jiai ana me man-
tn .r 4fneBn will in a tee a wrma-
,T, ncpt Industry here, and tt it j
. Hiilestiaed vtA hOreon',. ereat-
:;r lafustrv: thar it will crowi
. into a iiuu uuw.ijflu. laausiry an-
: naallyy. and then more; that it
will support directly jand indl-'
j recti, a million peple, when the
I flfMOO.000 mark Is reached,
faitdi double i that .'many la jdue
7 coatse bf tlme ?; - .-t
' Our - linen " industry will he as
nernsanent as our paper Industry.
. aseda the fact". that the world
will aiways' need paper; that pa
;k per I- made from cellulose, and
. that there will be cellulose as long
r w asther Is any vegetable growth
that iU stand np4that has fber
fTirra" the veriest garden weed
to Jhe Slant of' the forest. j
J' . -j Solpere will be need for the
! " jnsinufacture of , flax as long as
?f. lviUe't man. hall use napkins or
' table-cloths or towels or clothing
or tapestry tor laces or handker
v cbief or airplanes ; . j ;
' i - And s long as ha paints houses
i ar'utf mobiles ar any single thing
, i on whkh paint. Is hsed. from a
w hairpin' to a floating city called a
) ship; Bd so ongaa be uses patty
for- windows "or doors In shacks
frpalacea, or skyscrapers: and so
""A :,J?5R as he makes linoleums for
'. "k hi floors' " .
' eaanse Unseed oil is flaxseed
v oil: lis U the word for flax in
the French. and several other lan
. i'guegea Linseed oil is pressed or
t boiled out ml flaxseed; yielding in
i SOV.VQ Jl per cept ot the
"j. flaxseed about 35 per cent from
k m the -flaxseed grown on the fiber
A 1--Crfk la the Salem dlstricLij
" Aad' Unseed o?l U the onry oil
.' " ' nrdtlced la commercial qnaatiUes
that is a -"drying" oil. ; What Is
'- this 'drying- procesa? It Is not
; really. dryto at all: not Hie the
i evaporation that takes place when
j the housewife bangs 4ier washing
on the clothes line, .The "drying ;
. i is tfue lo the Instability of linseed
Sugar Herts,, SirUuin; KtrMy
Water Power; May 13
Irrigation, May 20 ' . f
Mining, May 27
Land, Irrigation, Etc.,' June 3
Floriculture, June lo
Hops, Cabbage, Etc.,VJune 17 .
Wholesaling and Jobbing,
June 24
Cucumbers, Etc., July 1
Hogs, July 8
Clouts, July 15 f; - . .
Schools, Etc., July 23 '
Sheep, July 2 . ' r'
National Advertising. August 5
Seeds, Etc., August 12
Livestock, August 10 '
Grain and Grain Products,- Aug
ust 23 r ;
Manufacturing, ScptcmlMr 2
Automotive Industries, Septem
ber 0
Wooilwoi king. Etc., September
' i
Paper Mills, Seitember 23
(Back copies of the Thurs
day edition of The Daily Oro
Roa Statesman arf z'u nand..
They are fr iaie at 10 cent3
eacH. " inailed to" any address.
j current copies 5 cents).
oil and lis sensitiveness t at
mospheric influences-- It change'
itself chemically, combining itsel
with the oxygen from the air. It
a film of linseed oil is exposed tf
the air it absorbs oxygen quick'y
becoming more end more-stickr
and viscous during the absorption
unt?l at last It dries to an elastit
skin. The amount of oxygen thai
absorbed by the ' oil may be af
much as 20 per rent of its weight
In , making , paints and varni.sher
the coloring material, white lead
lampblack, ultra-marine or red-
lead. U ground, with a small quan
tity of Unseed fl and then mixed
with more .linaeedoil -and .witH
the oil of turpentine; and when
a layer of the paint, is spread on
a surface of metal or wood it
"dries'" quickly,, and a protective
akin is left. The glazier, too, de
pends on the "drying" "quality of
linseed oil when he fixes up a new
pane of glass with putty. He uses
whiting -'ground 'U wfth the lin
seed oil aDd it ia tbe l;nsced oil
that makes the mixture hard! when
it 1s exposed to the air.' The same
thing happens wbenjhe maker of
linoleum mixes ground cork and
rosin with linseed' oiL The. lin
seed oil drinks in oxygen from
the air and oxidizes and solidifies
the mass.r ' '
' A Miracle Plant
r ' r
iN'ow ak Jhe flax plant. Here
irrllh&iFalcai. district it may b
planted and harvested (pul!ed)
in 70 days or less; some irrigated
nix h'aabeea planted and pulled.
In the Turner section, within 50
daysr It I a miracle plant. .It
will grow In thatahort time and
it will last throughout thj ases.
Its f hers are so fine .that 'they
may be divided and , divided to
microscopic fineness, afd an Irish
airl 13 rears o!d'SDun a thread
of it 14 32 miles long from a single
pound of fiber! And spun togeth
er' and woven Into, cloth it will
outlast the life of the spinner and
weaver 5.000 years, as witness the
fine linens In the' tombs of Egypt;
and it will make a clQtb that-will
defy the elemenii, as in the sails
of ships and the wings' if the air
planes aloft In a hurricane.
First in . value is the; seed : tor
linseed oil and poultices and medi?
cine. ." 'r
. Next la thfr tiberlor upholster
ing or splnplng ,to or for spin
Bit OF TIM ill
,i ' , ; W . j i ; .
f-:V.r ;:'.;.f. .:; i ;;' l '?- . m . : :
LV ,r .
s .
... - , . -w -, -
our pay rolls; they build
market for the products
crops of "Oregon Quality' food than any other spot on earth.
ning "into !yartt for thread or
twine, or for weaving into cloth
of various kinds. '
Then the "water of . the retting
tanks is used for fertilizer. The
oil meal after being pressed for
the linseed makes dairy feed. So
do the bolls with the broken and
small seeds. The latter is also
good for horse feed. The shives
cr woody part of the flax straw
the inside part after the fiber,
which is on the outside. Is taken
offis burned for fuel in making
steam heat or other heat
So there is no waste in flax
absolutely none.
The pulled flax does not ex
haust the soil as much as grain
crops, or cabbago. or' potatoes. A
second crop the same year may.
fce jzrown in flax land. With
proper rotation. f!ax may be grown
for 1,000 years on the same land
It wilf produce each year what
will sell, when manufactured, for
I as high as $24,000 an acre, or
more. '
It will go on doing this forever.
?o the flax and linen Jndustrie
are good for all time. They will
ast as long as civilization lasts.
They are payers of high wages
.hd salaries. They may be devel
oped hte Salem district.
on lfss,tnan 100.000 acres of land.
giving employment to over 1.000,-
000 reople. directly and indirectly.
I or an i:mr.
There are only a few districts
in the world In which the finest
fiber flax can be grown and retted
and manufactured with the fields
within eyeshot of pie factories.
The Salem district is one of these.
ft is the only one having a vast
acreage available. We have the
retting to become the Belfast of
the New World. And more than
i Belfast, for we have the Ameri
can genius for nualitv production.
We will see linea. five times af
iurable and potentially valuable
is cotton goods, eheaner in the
markets of the world han. cotton
"ood.. , -Perhaps -4efpfe,yery long.
And Ralem ought to. and no doubt
will, have a master hand in bring-
'ng this about. ;. .'
Pulling by Machines
The Vessot (Canadian) flax
pulling machine has operated ir
'he Sa'r-m dtetrict for three years:
'n 1923. with one machine, which
first machine has gone through
the three seasons in first class
shape; with six machines in 1924.
and nine machines the past har
vesting season. There are 13 of
these machines here now, al
owned by growers with the ex
ception of four, wh?ch still belong
o the state flax industry, but they
will all likely be used the coming
Thse machines reduce very ma
terially the price of pulling flax,
and they do it better than it can
he done by hand.. Some growers
say machine pulling can be done
for htee than a third of the cost
of hand pulling. The price of
hand pulling here has been $20 an
acre. ' But this does not account
for the costs of getting the labor
ers and finding praces for their
camping or, keeping. ..etc' Some
growers have estimated the total
cost at $30 an acre, for hand pulling-
Machine pulling will make pos
sible the growing of flax in large
fields, t It will make "possible the
rapid growth of the linen Industry
here. .. i " .v
.The reader will note herewith
a cut or the puner that has Deen
used here. Its operation is sim
ple. to one with a mechanical turn
of -mind. The flax .Is caught In
three sets of running -.belts, as
shown in the illustration carried
quickly to the binder at the top
of the machine, where It is bound
and then dropped to the ground.
It works like a, binder . of equal
slxe and solves. 'the' -problem of
flax pulling, v Oa account of the
short "fine root, flax is easily
pulled when caught by running
belts. .
- 1 - mm- ,
Th3 Ves33t . (Cmdiarj) flax' pulling Machb?
products are establishing themselves in world markets; they make
our cities; they attract new capital and new people; they provide a
of our farms. Oregon farms produce a wider variety of profitable
After Many Months of Planning and Building and Installing
ery, the miles Linen uompany is in rroauciive uperauon, lurninq uux eme iwme
and Shoe and Rarness Thread and Other Grades of Fto Yarn Twiner-Machinery
All Imported, Superintendents From the Belfast District !
i The Miles Linen company, man
ufacturers of salmon twine, linen
shoe and harness thread and flax
yarn twine generally, is at last
entering into regular manufactur
ing, at their new mill at 2100
Fairgrounds Road street. This is
On the "Pacific highway, and Sa
lem's first linen mill plant attracts
the favorable attention of all
tiourists and others paSsing
rih rough.
j The first regular order was de
livered on Tuesday -of this week;
6ctoher 20th. It was an an or
ier for sufficient salmon twine to
niaks up a fishing fnct tor wot k
h the Columbia river. The net
Will be made up by the buyer of
the twine at once, and it win be
used in the river all winter giv
ing it a severe test. 'J
Other inquiries for the manu
factured output of the pioneer
Salem linen mill are coming. The
new factory is on the map now;
is a going concern, after many
months of planning, of negotiating
-if '
k r ,
- f y
A view of the
or and buying and shipping ' ma-
;hiery, erecting the 1 necessary
jbuildings, getting the machinery
I nstalled and worked out, and all
;:he other details incident to the
beginning of such an enterprise."
The main machinery building is
substantial, light, thoroughly ven
tilated, and modern and well
adapted to the work within its i
walls. It is made largely of con
crete and glass.
Brought Across the Water
i The machinery was all made
abroad, on special order; mostly in
Belfast,- the great world Jinen cen
ter. . Bertram Thompson, superin
tendent of the mill, is from I set
fast, where he bad a , thorough
training. J.M Stuart McNeil, ma
chinist, is also from Belfast. The
man who had oversight in install
ing the machinery had Just fin
ished the installation of the ma
chines in the Henry Ford linen
plant near Detroit.
Robert H. Dann las general
charge of the management of the
business of the mill.
Process in the Mill
"The - Miles. Linen company
realizes that the whole community
of readers or The Statesman is
very much Interested lh'lhe suc
cess of the work undertaken at
the New Linen mill." said Mr.
Dann yesterday, "and some day
Boon we are planning to have an
open house, when we hope all our
friends will come and see the pro-
cess. The machinery is very in
teresting to watch, and we want
to give you time to watch it."
The following is a discription of
the process through which the
fiber passes. In the first place
the fiber is sorted into various
grades. Then it is taken to the
roughers, men who take the pieces
and divide them into smaller bits,
Combing out the worst of the
tangles. This roughing process is
a hand operation that requires
considerable skill.
The process from here on is to
take a pound of fiber .which will
be about 24 inches long and re
duce this to the required number
of yards to make the twine of
the size desired. For example, it
is necessary to make one pound of
fiber 24 Indies . long Apia out to
4800 yards, cr even umany times
that number.
The first step necessary in this
is to take the fiber and comb it
so that the fibers will become sep-
arated. into what is more nearly
. -St
t aafiTivr
main machinery building of the
tlioir real state. ; The combing jkc-
chine, or hackle, combs each piece
or handful, of fiber over 15 dif
ferent combs, or tools. The num
ber of teeth on these tools is grad
uated,. from one pin to every tour
inches to 2Q pins to the Inch. The
finer the quality of the work de
sired the more pins per invh arc
The hackling machine do! Ivors
the fiber in a continuous strip ?
sliver. This is received into a can.
Tho full cans are then plaf ed Ik
hind . the first of five machines
that take the sliver of fiber and
draw the fiber out to the recjuired
length for spinning the number or
yarns needed to produce the fin
ished product. This process is
called preparing, and consists cf
a series of machines thattake the
itber passing it through the ma
chine. Rollers at the back of the
machine retard' the progress of
the fiber while rollers at the front
turn much faster, with the conse
quent result that the fibers are
slipped past each other as the
front rollers nip the ends of the
fibers drawing them' ahead of the
fibers following. w The fiber in the
sliyer form Is thus reduced in the
weight of the yard, or the number
of yards pee pound has been in
creased: This Is a technical pro
cess, that; needs to be seen to be
understood. '
' "Making the Yarn '
The, silver of fiber is now re
duced In width and weight to the
place where it is ready for the
spinning frame. The - type of
frames used in our mill are known
as Gill spinning frames.: Their
particular . difference from the
usual wet spinning frame is that
the final drawing out process is
done in. (he same way as the pre
paring ; machinery 1 performs the
operation, and that the silver Is
only damped and not" thoroughly
wet fn hot j water. The spindles
on the spinning frame are turning
at the rate of 2860 revolutions per
minute. The; amount of the twist
that can be given is the yarn as
it Is formed can be regulated to J
uit the needs of the trade. Fol
lowing thei spinning, the fiber,
which. Is. now called yarn, la run
off onto the1 reel, where It Is made
Into hanks or skeins. These hanks
consist of 12 cuts of yarn; each,
cut has 120 threads, and the
lerfgth of the circumference of the
reel is SO Inches. There It Is pos-
' ' - - ' - - - ..."
. . . .. . . , .. a - . . ....
. i
and Trying Out iof Machin-
sible to get a measure on the yarn
and determine if the; previous pro
cesses have produced the required
number of yards to the pound of
fiber. j
The yarn is then i boiled to re
move certain gums tlat add to the
weight and do nbt have any
further value to thej yarn. ,
After the yarn fcfts been suffi
ciently boiled it is then dried. It
then becomes necessary to have it
back on a bobbin sp that it can
be worked on the twisting frame.
This is accomplished on the wind
ing - frames, where j the yarn is
taken from the hapks onto the
bobbins. The twisting frame, the
next process, takes a given num
ber of individual yan lengths and
twists themstogether, the amount
of the twist being j regulated on
the machine. Here again the
thread or twine, as it is now
called, is dampened a little and so
has to be made into the hank to
be dried.. After drying it has a
hard laundry feel, which has to be
Bin.. ttya.a.hlMMi
Miles linen mill
removed in the softening ma'
chine. It is then! wound onto
another bobbin arid made into
The Raw Materials
The raw materials for this, or
any linen mill are- the flax fibers.
These ''are furnlshejd under con
tract by the state jtlax plant for
the present, up to the' immediate
requirements. j
But the Miles" Linen company
) managers are preparing for the
futuie. They have already , pur
chased the. plant of the Turner
Flax Fiber company, at Turner,
seven mllea .south of Salem, and
they have doubled ts capacity by
erecting two additional retting
tanks. As the business progresses
tbey will further fortify them
seives in the matter of raw ma
terial. I
,H. V. Miles is thej largest stock
holder of this company, and all of
the stock is held by Oregon peo-'
pie; practically all by Salem peo
ple. ...
That there will bte expansions In
this mill, . there ;is no doubt;
though every step will be well con
sidered. ; f '
The mill now enrploys about 25
people. - About 30 jwiil be needed
when everything Isj in full opera
tion. . All Is in readiness now ex
cepting ine insiaiiation of some
of the electric lights.' In time, of
will be
(Curtailed from pmge 7)
for the raw materials that will be
needed. : ' : -j-
j : i J Vnder Good ! Auspices ;
'iloa. T.;.B. Kay state treasur
er, Is the president ot the Oregon
Linen Mills, Inc., apd T. A. Lives
ley is vice president. James Rid
dell of MonmouthJ M. O. Gunder
son of Silverton, jiulius L. Meier
of rortland,. and Cpl. W. B. Bar
tram and John II. jMcNary ot Sa
lem are directors, besides Mr. Kay
and Mr. Llvesley of : Salem, who
are also directors, j R. O. Snelling
of Salem Is secretary-treasurer. ,
? The Canadian group of linen
mill people, the most extensive
manufacturers of linens In North
America, are large stockholders
and thereke concerned with the
success of this second Salem linen
This cut Is used' by courtesy of the
Associated Industries of Oregon
DID YOU KNOW that ours is the best' country in the
world for the production of flax for its fiber for the
making of yarns, twines, thread and linens; that our
water, being "soft, is just right for the treatment of
the flax straw, and taking it through all the processes of
manufacture, from the retting to the wearing of the
cloth;, that our climate and elevation are just right;
that; when these facts become universally known, the
flax industry will be fully developefl here, and that it
will bring to our valley a hundred million dollars an
nually; that we have now in operation our first mill for
making flax yarns, twines and threads and are to have
soon our first mill making linen cloth and that Salem is
already the fiber flax center of the United States?
The United States Department of Agriculture Takes a Sur
vey of the Yield in Alt the Principal Fiber Flax Growing
Countries Prof. Hyslop Says Oregon Growers Must
Giv Attention to Profitable Production
General statistics ..on the world
flax fiber production were re
leased by the- United States de
partment cf agriculture, October
5, 1923. They indicate that there
has been a steady upward trend
in fiber flax production since 1921
and in some' sections the, produc
tion has" increased quite material
ly. Russia was formerly the great
flax producing center insofar as
fiber was concerned and was re
sponsible for most of the world's
fiber crop. Since the war statis
tics on; Russian flax have been
very limited and in many cases
unreliable,' and so there are many
instances in which the Russian
estimates have been omitted.
However, it should be born in
mind that Lithuania is a country
that was formerly part of Russia
and that was the center of the
fiber flax industry. This country
hadsomething over 30 percent in
crease in acreage, in 1925 and a
very substantial increase in the
number of pounds of fiber. The
following figues are quoted from
"Foreign Crops and Markets'. a
publication of the United States
department of agriculture.
Continued Increase in World Flax
Fiber Production J
Although there are. few definite
estimates of acreage and produc
tion of flax fiber the estimates
available together with informa
tion concerning the condition of
the crop indicate that the upward
trend of fiber flax production
which has been in evidence since
1921 yill e continued in 1925.
Production estimates are avail
able for four countries other than
Russia, including an estimate for
Lithuania which has been ranking
third or fourth In importance In
late years among the world's flax
fiber producers, .. The.: total pro
duction for these four "countries
for 1925 Is 21i percent" greater
than for the same countries in
1924;' Acreage figures are avail
able for ten ..countries excluding
Russia, which use part of all their
crop, for fiber. . Llhuania is the
only'country of Importance. The
total acreage . for' these countries
for l925 is 1 percent greater
than the same countries for 1924.
For Poland, Belgium, Latvia
and Esthonia, all more or less Im
portant flax fiber producers, no
estlnjates.ot production or acreage
are available. Conditions of the
growing crop were average or
better around the first of August
for alL the countries except Bel
gium for which no report Is
available.. The fact that In the
Netherlands the production was
J ,ess this year than last, with an
increased acreage, does not point
to a hopeful outlook in Belgium.
A more recent trade report states
that In Latvia unfavorable weath
er conditions have hot Improved
the prospect In 1 August Great
Britain and Northern Ireland ex
pected an aveVage yield of good
quality. . In the Irish Free State
Edftor Statesman:
It has been my good fortune
and pleasure, to spend the past
week on., a - diversified Oregon
ranch,' consisting of some 50 acres
on which were 0 acres In-prunes,
KVi acres in pears, 1V& acres in
strawberries and thee balance In
grain land,' together with a small
grove of elegant, fir trees."
,Taia ranch is located 2 V4 miles
a good yield of fiber vas antici
pated,, and the Cze( Inslovakian
crop was average in condition. A
report received by me Russian
information bureau at Washington
states that the flax fibnr produc
tion for the Soviet Union for 192.1
is estimated at , o7C.000.000
pounds convparcd with 4 32,000,
000 for the same region in 1924.
The flax area of Russia, excluding -Ukraine,
W"hite Russia, Trans
caucasia and Turkestan es re
ported to ths Jntcrnation Insti
tute by the Russian agricultural
commissariat, is 17 per cent great
er than for the same regions lat
year. The total area in Russia
for 1924 as reported by the lust
tute is 2.584.S00 acres.
Flax Acreage in European coun.
tries producing flax for fibci
1 03 1 and l2.-.
England - Wales
Northenr' Ireland
.",70 0
31. "00
n 1,-t oo
32. H00
P.. 7 00
r T.Niio
France " .
152.000 200,200
13.100 P.600
TotaJ 431.S.00 4S3.600
Acreage figures include flax
grown for seed in the countries
Ilax Production of filcr in Knr.
opean countries W1 and 19".
Country ID' 1!J"
Nrthcrlandi 20. tftti.uon 19.1rt(i,000
Itly 4.54i,'0 5.2!I.0O
Blpari 2oo.iiMt
Liihnauia 7J,tO0,0i.O 92,'J'JO.OOO
Total, 4 nation 9",100.ooO HT,31.0o
These figures tending to show
a steady increase in a number of
instances where production' is
rather important, ferve to drive
home more than ever the very
great importance of Oregon farm
ers who engage in the fiber flax
industry following certain lines
that will tend to make more prof
itable Production per acre. This
will probably involve better class
of land. In order to secure soils
only suited to the crop. This will
In many .cases Involve decreased
acreages, and it will further em
phasize the Importance of good
seed and early farming. Those
who f followed good practices
throughout the last flax growing
season got Into the better grades
of flax and la many cases got
very nice financial returns per
acre, but those' who planted on
poor land or planted late gener
ally harvested a- short crop, and
it is doubtful if they made any
money at it.
Corvallis, Ore., Oct. 16, 1923.
(Prof. Hyslop is good authori
ty. He Is agromonist (professor
of farm crops) at the Oregon Ag-
'ricultural college. Ed.)
south 'of the city Hmits of Salem
and owned by a former resident
of Illinois via Jas. G. H. .-Wolfe,
same being' typical of the many
ranches in this valley.
Being a tourist, from Illinois and
an old friend of Mr. Wolfe and
family, I was persuaded to spend
several days on the ranch and Sam
some first hand Information rela
tive to Oregon and what the state
has t6 offer tourl3t3 and home
seekers, particularly in the Wil
lamette Talley and in the vicinity
of Salem. - '
I was agreeably surprised to
find that almost everything. in the
nature . of commodities . can ba
(Continued a yu 10)