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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1925)
! " is:":"
IN DO SI
-This cut is used by courtesy of, the .;
Associated Industries, of Oregon.'
, Dates of Slogans; in Daily Statesman
(In Twicc-a-Week Statesinaif Following Day). ;!
' (With a few possibleehanges)
Loganberries, October., 2
Prunes, October 9
Dairying, October 16
'.Flax, October 23 ...
Filberts, October 30
Walnuts, Norember 6
Stxawberriesy"NoTember 13 -Apple,
Not ember 20
Rasp!ierries November 27
Great Cows, Etc., December 11
Blackberries, December 18
Cherries.'.Decernber 25 !
Pears. January I, 1925 " "v 1
Gooseberries,-January 8 '
Corn. January 15
Celery, January 22. .
Spinach, Etc., January 29 -Onions,
Etc., February 5
Potatoes, Etc., February 12
Bees, February 19
- Poultry and Pet Stock, Feb. 26
Goats, March 5. T
Beans, Etc., March 12
Fated Highways,Maiclij(19 f
Head Lettuce, March" 21. "
Silos, Etc., April 2
Asparagus, Etc., April 16
Crapes. Etc, April 23
Drag Garden, April 30'
Sugar Beets, Sorghum, Etc., J
May 7 . ' j
Water Powers, May 14
Irrigation, May 21
Mining. May 2S l ,
Land, Irrigation.. Etc., Jnne'4 ;
Dehydration, June 11 t
Hops. Cabbage, :Etc, June! 18
Wholesaling and Job b i n g,
June 25 - ' ' : :. il
Cucumbers, Etc., July 2
Hoss. Julv 9 ;
City Beautiful, Etc., July 16
?-hrkr.la V.tf .TllW 9Z . t (1
Sheeft. July 30
National Advertising, August 6
Seeds. Etc., August 13,
Lirestock. August 20 '
Grain and Grain Productsj Au-
, guet 27 '
Automotiye Industries, Septem
ber 10 .;!; A
WoodworkWgT'Etc..- Sept. 17 '
Sept. 24J ,r
? (Baie eopUs76f
editions; ot'ho Daily Oregon ;
Statesman' ar on hand.1' Tney ;
are for sale at ? 10 cents iach, ;
mailed to any address. Current
copies 5c.)' . S
"OREGON QUALITY'V products re establishing themselves in; world markets; they make
our pay rolls they build our cities; jthey attract new capital and new people; they provide a
market for the products of bur farms. Oregon farms produce a; wider variety of profitable
crops of "Oregon Quality" food than any other spot on earth. . , ; v I
HOW THE LARGEST GOOSE
If! STATE OF DHHESITi CROP
i 4 r
Cultivates a Good Deal, and He SDray$ a Lot He
Produces an Average of Four Tons to thelAcre; Which
Means Two Hundred Thousand Pounds of (Gooseberries
Annually He Produces Other Fruits ancf Does Gen
eral Farming, Having Something to Sell Every Day in
the Whole Year :
TI!E 0REB0;j AGRICULTUIIAL COLLEGE
l EXPERLOii 600B OF GOOSEBEilES
Jhe Oregon (Sometimes" Called the Oregon Champion)
: . Is the Variety to Grow Here, Especially for thej Can-
ners Our Hill Soils are Good The Cost of Growirig
' Is Not High, and We HaveMethods;of Controlling the
Gooseberry Diseases Here Warning oh Over Prpduc-
Kditor Statesman: , . V i berry has proved to e. a; fairly
- The gooseberry during the pastjsnre. cropper. j Compare -with
few years has been brought to the
attention of Oregon fruit growers,
with the result that a considerable
acreage of this fruit has been
planted. ; .Though neglected j in
pas yars, it haj sudenix tafcen
its place among t the standard
fruits pf this noaion, but in spite
of Ihe " material Increase "In tbn
age there, is atlll demand for
gooseberries in certain districts.
CarfnerS here and there re "still
calling for'gooseberries. "
. It must be kept in mind, how
ever, that the uaes of the goose
berry I are limited and that this
fruit is more or less cosmopolitan
in character. It can be grown
commercially in! many places. For
these ! reasons r the agricultural
economic conference held at- Cor
vallis last year recommended that
gooseberry planting be 'in creased
only otate cafe" bl"exTslingJde-,
' tU.UHl U Ckxxl ;
1 Thei '.culture of the gooseberry
has passed the. experimental stage,
and it has been demonstrated Jhat
this. fruit is adapted to a rather
,tyiie range of conditions in west
ern Oregon. It does well upon hill
Boils- where air and wasrlraiR
age ace good. In fact, heavier
yWdni of gaoseberries Kay feeett
obtained upon this type of land
than upon the richer river bot
toms jtuch as are desirable far the
'cane fruits. . .. , ... .
IIs ji Heavy rrtxlucer ,
Under proper conditions and
with proper treatment thekgooae
? berr isa 'heavy produeer. Yields
of four tons to the acre have been
reported by growers and In a few
cases yields higher than this have
leen obtained. Thus far the goose-
other fruits it is an early bfootner,
but where . air drainage ii good
very little damage fromrfrst tis
occurred. Gooseberry plants are
hardy and under usual conditions
they stand the winters well
Choice of varieties for estern
Oregon is limtied to thejf native
American - types. The lafgejj Euro
pean gooseberry- which floes well
in certain districts east Ijpf : te
Cascade mountains is extremely
sensitive to mildew and does ; not
succeed in this climate.' The Ore
gon, or Oregon; Champion, has
been, the standard sort for this
region and at present seems to be
as reliable as any. ' '
: '1 H The Cot ; Xot H lgli j
The ' cost of producing i goose
berries is not high In comparison
to that of other fruits. ; sit re
quires no special treatment eo far
as culture and handling are con
cerned. Plants may be grown from
bard wood cuttings at small ex
pense, and posts and wire are not
necessary. "yi' ' V 'Hi-' V it
. The'-'gdoseUerry1 is not' difficult
fo handle It is extremely firm jn
texture and can, be stripped' from I
the vines without injury. Ran has
nq -pfJfectuBojC lt. It is harvested
wbile in the green etage and, a de
y lewyys does not, njure
it. It Tteeps well after picking and
may bv held for some time.awalt
ing shipping or processing " f
CaS Control IMseanesif ;
Thus far Oregon has beenfori
nnate in the matter of serious in
ject pests, and diseases ; of the
gooseberry. Of course, , here as
elsewhere, it has its enemies, but
by strict adherence to established
methods bf control, theseS have
tCcnttnned n pp 9
lie looks like a business man;
he is modest and. unassuming and
is far from having the bearing of
a king in the common conception
of the appeanan.ee of a man wear
ing the royaf, purple -
But the -'gooseberry king of
Oregon is -'AVI 1 Prank Crawford,
that is, he 15 the' largest -grower
of gooseberries in. this state, f
' -The reader t will naturally be in
terested :ta the methods of Mr.
Crawford"; especially if the reader
be a grower of gooseberries or In
tending to become one. In a'run
niing Interview by the Slogan edi
tor, Mr. Crawford yesterday talk
ed substantially as follows;
: ' He ! has" 25 acres of gooseber
ries; five, four, three" and two
years bid. Last year he produc
ed from this acreage 60 tons of
gooseberries. , It was a short crop;
it : was a dry year. Some of the
bushes', were not picked. His av
erage crop for. his whole acreage
is four tons to the acre. Men in
his neighborhood have grown Very
much larger crops on small tracts.
So has Mr. Crawford. -; - s
; Planting Methods '
" Mr. Crawford plants six ' ' feet
apart each way and leaves a ten
toot roadway every, twelve rows,
for the spraying and, drawing.'
' He prunes in the winter while
the bushes are dormant, and
leaves nothing older than three
iyear old wood. He leaves four
or "five new canes each year;, pro
ivides about a dozen canes for each
clump for bearing. V
I j j The Spraying
Where the anthracnose is in evi
dence he sprays just as the buds
appear, with 5-5-50; that is 5
parts bluestone and 5 of lime, to
50 parts of water.' Sprays again
with the same solution right after
picking. - '
: If not spraying for anthracnose,
Mr. Crawford puts on a dormant
winter spray, 1 to 9 lime-sulphur
solution. This is in the nature of
a general. honseeleaning, and Mr.
Crawford gives this to every bush
fruit and fruit tree on his place,
very year. His observation ! is
hat this is an insurance j against
disea.se;. that if every orchardist
practiced this method, he would
hot have 'much trouble, yith dis
eases of his bush or tree fruits of
any kind. -'r '-- - ' "
j For mildew. V Mr. Crawford
sprays with 1-40 lime-sulphur so
lution Just lartef A the bloseom
drops', ,when fth$ berries are very
imall. . , . ' I
j For "the borer,be grubs up the
bush and burns it. The; grower
ifeari tell when the borer is pres
ent by the yellowing of the tops of
he branches, after which they be
gin to die.
Method of Cultivation 1
j Mr. Crawford plows the dirt to
the bushes In December; from the
As soon as the
He believes In
and , uses
or combs the
or her fingers.
bushes in March. f
ground is dry, he Cultivates cross
wise; three times.
mashes both ways.
early cultivation, and shallow' cul
tivation. " . "'
In, harvesting the. : crop.
picker. has a cantas
gloves and strips
berries off with his
The berries drop of onto the can
as. and they are then poured into
a box. The leaves jare fanned out
with a fanning mil), and the ber
ries; are sacked and delivered to
the cannery.. ' i ; - vi '-:','4:":
The Priced Kccelved J 1
Mr, Crawford $e l to the Ore
gon Packing company. Last year
the price was 6 cents a pound. It
was 7 cents in 19231, and that had
been (the price for s me time.' One
year the price was 8 cents. Ten
years ago,' the grou-ers sold at 2
cents, and made a very small pro
fit at that. They dould not do it
now. They could not grow them
at 3 cents without n loss. '.
: But Mr. Crawford is, not certain
that the prices of te" past few
years will keep up. He fears an
owr production. E ut he realizes
that this section is the best goose
berry district in the whole coun
try, for the canning crop; using
the Oregon Champkfn variety. Mr.'
Crawford, of course , confines' his
operations to this variety." The
fatal gooseberry diseases kill com
mercial gooseberry industry every
where else in this country.
Mr. Crawford 4os not confine
his operations to gooseberries. The
registered name of his place is the'
"Sunrise Fruit Farm ;,k registered
in Polk county, i His !ocation'ts
two and a half mlle west of Lin
coln; seven miles f ijom Salem, on
Rural Route 1. Salem. He has 306
acres in all. He first bought the
place of .13$.
GREAT FORESTS, FOSTER HER
OF ALL OUR OREGOil INDUSTRIES
Oregon, With One-Fifth the Standing Timber of the United
States, Holds Commanding Industrial and Commer
cial Position! Which Only
Wise and Conservative Poli
cies May Maintain Heavy Annual ToIl From Prevent
able Loss and waste
old J. R. Shepherd
acres and has added
He has 13 acres pf cherries in
(Continued n ige 9)
' (By EDWARD BARBER)
The true wealth of Oregon
rests in its soil. j v
The high fertility of this soil
not only set a new standard in
virgin forest growth 'but in agri
culture as wellj , j ir '
Oregon has an area of 96,699
equare miles, or 61,188,480 acres.
Less than one-fifth of its' till
able land is now under cultiva
tion. This means . many millions
of idle acres which should be put
to work.- ;.v :,! Pit .
Oregon, in 1920, had a popu
lation of 783.389. Practically
half of this population was in the
cfty of Portland. !i
If the Willamette valley were
a 'thickly settled as Switzerland
it would have j, a population of
around eight million. ,
Portland would riVal New York.
.Salem would rival Chicago as an
Industrial center. j . . . .
Men now actively engaged in
business will likely ee this de
velopment. Strahgeri things have
happened in America within the
memory of ment no W Just 'begin
ning to view with alarm the sil
very: hair and expanding waist!
line of middle life, j
. The Tirgin forests of Oregon,
upon which ; all j other industries
have depended for their inception,
growth and development, appealed
to the pioneers as a resource of
Inexhaustible Quantity and an as
set of ..value beyond the power of
the imagination to calculate.
: This prodigal supply o wealth
wa free to all who j cared to use
it in those pioneer days. 1 ! -The
pioneers needed iumber
and timber for, their development
work and behold hero it was in a
quantity and quality known no
where else In the world.
- Lumbering naturally became
the first Industry and holds its do
sition to the present day as the
greatest industry of the state.
With, the successive migrations
of the . iumber industry from the
Atlantic states across the continent
the value of the Oregon supply in
its relation to the entire industry
of the United States became early
THIS WEEK'S SLOGAN
;' . I - . i : ,; . -;
DID YOU KJNOW That Salem is the center of a great
gooseberry industry; that this is the best country in the
world for the gooseberry grower, because he can raise more
and better, goose iiejrries to the acre here, and he is sure of
hher prices, dnpecount of the fruit factory demand here,
which is g'rowing; that the Oregon Champion doosebVrriF is
the champion canning gooseberry of the earth; that there
is a ready, markctt remunerative prices for all gooseber
ries likely to be grow.h hereXor a long time; and that 'our
canneries iricreasbd Iheif gooseberry pack from 7;000 cases
in 1922 to 25,780l cases in 1923, and put up a much larrrer
pacK last year . ; . . . j
apparent to the far-sighted men
reading the. industry. Use of the
forests was placed under control.
Large quantities of valuable tim
ber lands passed into private own
ership. As the state and federal
governments began getting a clear
er view of the situation more strin
gent regulations were, made, : .
Today there are around 40 mil
lion acres of standing timber In
Oregon and 30 million of that is
pwned by the state and federal gov
ernments, each , about equally in
terested.:, j. - , U V .) ;i L .. .- ,i
j; Oregon Is' credited with having
one-fifth of the standing1 timber
now in the United States. V Esti
mated at 4 S 5 billion -board feet.
If 'sawed Into lumber .this would
build one and a half times as many
houses as are now in the entire
United States. , , . ! 4
I Oregon' cuts 100,000 acres of
her standing timber annually. 50,-
000 workers are employed In the
industry. The output is valued at
73 Ito 100 million dollars. !
j Federal authorities f Estimate
that at the present rate the supply
will last 100; years. This does not
jtafce into consideration the annual
additions by second growth, and re
forestation. The federal authori
ties believe that by wise methods
Of handling the demand 'for lum
ber may not only be met but the
supply can be made to last indef
initely, j ,44 :::: i K;i
A forest is no longer treated as
a mine which may be worked to
exhaustion, lit "is a renewable re
source and a Dernetnat asset.
I The great heart of the Oregon
forests has not yet been reached.
The harvest has been along the
points oirenng easiest access to
the mills. I A glance at the forest
map in the office of the state for
ester which locates cut-over lands
by color discloses that but an in
finitesimal portion of the forest
area has been used.
I ! Checking the Waste
The prodigal original supply de
veloped prodigal methods of hand
ling. Only the (finest and most de
sirable logs were used at the mills
and in securing these ho effort was
spared to prevent waste and dam
age to the less desirable trees. The
piist few years have witnessed a de
cided reform along those lines.
Lumbermen study how to reduce
the waste io the least possible am
ount. Timber; sold by the state or
federal-government must .be har.
velsted under the strictest rules and
regulations calculated to perpet
uate the forests. Only fullv ma.
tued and ripened trees are pefmlt-
iea to be cut.'-;' .
The greatestasie, however
comes from fire. In spite of -the
strenuous I efforts and heartv , co
operation of the state and fed
eral officials with the private own
ers of forest lands,!tbe year 1924
witnessed 1888 forest fires. These
burned I over . 252,251 acre f
standing timber, or nearly two and
hah mes tne area cut over for
-This cut is used by courtesy of the
Associated Industries, of Oregon.
Beginning about January 1, 1925, The Statesman will supple
ment its slogan artfetes. on this, page with, a' series of-stories
of Industrial Oregon from. the pen of Mr., Edward T. Barber
who is one of th most accomplished writers along these lines
in the Pacific Northwest. Mr, Barber is painsUklng and
careful investigator. His articlesWill be based upon the most
reliable information obtainable and written from a constructive
optimistic viewpoint. The following subjects will be included
in these articles: ..
The Willamette Valley, Its Physical, Historical, Geographical
and General Feaiures. : (
Lumbering and, Forest Products.
Manufacturing Industries and Opportunities.
Market at Home and Abroad.
Fruit Growing Conditions and Opportunities.
Commercial Nut Growing. ;
Poultry and Its' Opportunities.
General Agricultural Conditions and. Opportunities.
Labor Conditions. I , "7 .
Irrigation, i . ... ;
Educational and Religious' Resources.
Tourist Trails anorfscenlciAttractlons. j
Taxation and Financial Conditions. ,
General Living Conditions. ; ;"'
Dairying, Milk, and 'Mitk Products.
Mineral Resources, j. - . 1 ' '
Commerce..' , ! ':,' .' -V ; '' ' ' ' "
Hydro-Electric Development and Possibilities.
lumber. - These fires ! destroyed
72,421 feet of timber.! valued at
S168.465.50Ja In addition to this
loss there was a loss. in logs and
equipment in logging camps of
$459. 3 S 6. 99 and other property
losses estimated at S3 42.3 48.53. A
toUl loss of $970,201.02, nearly a
round million dollars.. Such a loss
directly affects'every citize of the
state and entails a direct loss in
every line of industry. 1 :
The most regrettable i feature at
this enormous 1 loss is the , source
of the greater portion of it. . Here
is the list with the number of fires
. .... . .290
. . .....166
Hunters . . . .
Slashings - . .
Campers . . .! . .
-and Clearing .
fires arising: entirely
venetable causes. .
: While the forest service places
but 384 of these as of incendiary
origin; it hardly seems fair to the
criminals who set those 384 to ex
clude from the list the rest of the
587. Hunters, smokers, campers,
workmen andr farmers "who con
tributed by their criminal careless
ness to this enormous loss are
scarcely less culpable than. the de
liberate Incendiary unless they
plead mental incompetence.
It is small wonder that the most
of the large fortunes of Oregon to
day are represented by men who
have made good; In the lumber in
dustry. . The strenuous nature o
the work' demands, men of courage
and resourcefulness, physically and
mentally. The weaklings soon fall
by the wayside, j The strong sur
vive. This does hot mean , that
there is no room jor opportunity for
men of small means .to engage in
some line of .industry .'directly con
nected with the lumber business.
Small m ood worktnganfi sre td
be found scattered all over the Wil-u
lamette valley. Onl fcjan with af 1
portable mill makes piano legs for
an eastern flrm.i Another is en
gaged in making certain kinds of
furniture under! contract with , a
large department stored In Port
land.' This anau uses- alder wood
which is not considered a luntber
tree at all. Several firms make
high grade novelties out of myrtle
wood; another; not classed as 1 a
lumber tree. ; Many small shinale
millslareTTbund. Veneer mills are
rapidly multiplying and their prod-;
net is gaining an established place;
in the regular lumber trade. Ve
neer is demonstrating its adapta
bility to many uses as superior to I
regular lumber, such' as wainscoat
ing, door panels, etc. It has many
advantages over regular lumber:
and it can be made of material '
which was formerly considered as :
waste..-. 1 '
, Modern chemistry has discover- 1
ed many tisaful properties in the i
waste material's of the forests and
plants are being established to util- i
ize these. Wall boards and other 1
lumber substitutes for building I
material now consume large quan- j
titles of waste forest products. The !
fire wood consumed - in Oregon !
makes a market for a vast amount
of waste forest prod ucst.
The "medicinal herbs, -plants,
gums and ether; products ' of the
forests have taken a large place in
the commerce of the state. Some
1500 tons of cascara bark were
shipped from Oregon in 1924. Thii
is a medicinal plant chiefly found
in northern California, and in Ore-"
gon and Washington. ! Its useful
ness in medicine IsJ constantly
growing and the native forest sup
ply is hardly sufficient to meet he
demand. If is predicted that with
in a few" years cascara will be cul
tivated on a commercial scale.
The general tendency of all con
nected with Oregon industries de
pending directly upon: the forests
for their raw 'materials is to cut
out waste and to utilize every val
uable factor to be found. Lumber,
mills study how to cut and deliver
logs With the least waste. They
pend vast sums for new machinery
and new methods calculated to
economize the raw material. They
employ, scientists and chemists to
devise methods and processes for
utilizing, jeasjtemateriar and con-
-verting it-in-to some useful prod
uct. The lumber industry is Jn
int-NHtlX' the spirit of; the agti to
conserve our vast stores of natural
esources by learning the scientific,
mechanical and chemical values
contained j therein and j converting
them Into some useful commercial
product. , , 1 ' '.f .' . "
Oregon forests were the foun-
da'tlon of her first great Industry,
which is still her greatest Indus
try. The wasteful methods of the
fCentlnogd on pg 9)
ir o - ... Ti
OREGON QUALITY HOPS
are the highest quality growrj in the world.,
Oregon soil and climate produce in the hop a
larger percentage of the delicate gum arid res
ins which form the active principle of the hop.
' VE ARE THE LARGEST GROWERS of- I
CHEGON QUALITVKOPS 1 1
Shippers and Exporters of
PACIFIC COAST HOPS
Officcc: Salem, Orecon and San Francicco, California
' ' - ' '; - i J i .i. I ': r I - v V- " " .': -i -' ' ...r ' - i '; ; i ',:' ' . : . - . . ' -i . ; .. . :
OREGON- QUALITY HOPS
have established a world-wide market on their
merits. They, are the standard of excellence
in every, hop-us
To increase the hop-usin? industries increases the :
ixiarket for Ortsron Quality Hops and assures still
Letter markets for Oregon growers. 4
WE ARE THE ' LARGEST SHI PPERS cf
OREGON QUALITY HOPS' ' " :