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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 11, 1923)
IliOREGON STATESMAN,, SALEMCREGON,,
'sVTTfRriAY MORNING.-TTfilTST H, 123
v,,Tuod Dal,y Except Monday by - ;
,TATRSIAN PUBLISHING COMPANT
..',.. z K-i Coninu-rrlal SU Salem. Orecon
""'u"nfl wn?. S3;Rrwrd of Trade Building, Phone Beacon U93
ratlin t Tii W 1 ' ' is e"luively entitled to the one for puoll-
i iVZ "iwae civaued to It or rot otherwise credited
lue iwai news published herein.
It: J. Hendricks I Z Z 7TZ I 77
John L. Bradv .... . ' .
Frank Jaskoskl - J - . - - f
- I - Manager
- - Editor
Manager Job Dept.
Business Office. ... .
Circulation Office - . i
Society Editor - . . .
Job . Department . - . - .
Enter,ed at the Postoffice In Salem. Oregon, as second class matter.
REFORMATION, NOT VINDICTIVE JUSTICE
The. Statesman is printing in its news columns this morn
ing a letter that was written by; Supreme Judge John
McCourt to.' the parole board of the ; Oregon I penitentiary-
This is .done because it elucidates some points concern
ing the parole system, .which is under discussion in Oregon
at this time , ,'. : ; ; 1 I ' J :; . 3
And no one would accuse Judge; McCourt of any motive
outside of the general good and the just administration of
the laws. ;K - . - . ..jtivl flfflj
The case in point is this: t
When Judge McCourt was on the circuit bench in Port
land, three men were convicted of j robbery. One of them,
named Hall, was given a sentence of six years, the second,
? Higginbotham, two yars, and the man whose case is in ques
tion, Langdale, was sent up for eight years, because he was
the leading spirit and had committed previous crimes
f though never before convicted- r
Through the operations of the parole law, Hall was free
in two months, and Higinbotham in six months. They both
i had influential friends on the outside. 7
Langdale is still there. He has served forty-two months.
In the mean time; he has thoroughly learned the trade of, a
f shoemaker, and hie has studied and improved his mind until
he is capable of thinking straight and of writing a letter
- that- would do credit to v most educated citizens of Oregon,
The main principle at stake is given in the following
paragraph from the letter of Judge McCourt to the parole
board: j ' : ' , - I . . ' ;
' "In fixing the sentence in Langdale's case, as
in all such cases, punishment and the protection of '
society was considered, but those purposes were sub- :"
ordinated to the principle of reformation, considers
tion of which! is enjoined upon the Legislature and
courts in respect to the enactment and administra
tion of laws I for the punishment of crime. The '"
Constitution provides that laws' for the punishment
of crime 'shall be founded on principles of reforma
tion and not of vindictive" justice? j Article 1, Section
, Judge McCourt. goes onto say that inliis opinibrufurther
U:jtiprisnment wil likely impair, if ; not utterly destroy, the
; effect of the reformatory benefit of his service in the case
hof Langdale . ' j -. . .. , ..
And, he cites the unfairness of the workings of the
parole, law as applied to Langdale and his accomplices in
crime, saying that a "wholesome administration of the parole
j law does not admit of any such inequality of treatment as is
.shown in the release of Hall in two months and the retention
of Langdale in prison after forty-two months"
'I ' And he speaks of the "denial of a precious right to -which
M has absolute titled , : !
argument and response when tbey
are right..: That will be the acid
test. Congress does not meet un
til ; December, but, it is possible
tnen . to enact Such legislation as
will make this radical wing un
necessary. On the i other hand.
failure to do so, failure to meet
the demands of the radicals means
a battle to the finish' next year.
Up to this time it has been pos
sible to keep the radical forces di
vided. By adroit maneuvers poli
ticians have pitted man against
man. and rendered futile the
strength of a great need.- If there
is to be a radical, certainly the sen
sible thing to do Is to get the one
who Is the least tinted with com
munism, or those ideas of govern
ment held by the IJ W.! W. and
The republican party j will de
mand leadership leadership out
of the chaos that naturally sur
rounds any new administration.
and leadership out of the serious
condition that enmeshes so many
farmers west of the Mississippi
river. The call for a Moses is as
emphatic as it was in. the olden
days when the original MoBes ap
peared. The people must be given
a fair-mmaea leaaer wno win re
spond to their real needs.
POSED ON THE BACK OF THE PlSl-
Farmers, .through the war
board, have been -given . an ex
tension, of credits. jThis is very
good as far as it goe3. - A great
many business men can get out
of their difficulties if given a
credit leeway for Immediate pur
poses. To other men the credit
Is opportunity for further specu
lation and larger disaster later
on. The farmers are just as mucn
business men as the bankers and
dry goods store owners. ' Credit
Is a great thing If rightfully used.
It has saved many an Institution
from wreck. The withdrawal of
credit on its part has caused a
good part of our financial diffi
culties. J 'A:
However desirable It is to set
additional credit at this time,
come way must be provided for a
better distribution. You have
done something for a man if you
hand him a few dollars to invest
as he pleases. Tou have done
more for him if you step in and
regulate distribution so that he
can market his wares where they
are needed, and not dump every
thing Into an already glutted cen
ter. Farm credits Is the , first
step, but transportation and dis
tribution Is ' the final i solution.
Give a man markets and the ne
cessity of credit will soon disap
pear. Give a man credit alone.
without markets, and he 1 has a
palliative rather than a remedy.
im i -m xi a- 3 a; it i
, - ine snowing ox me unjust tuummsLraiiuii uj. lue ytxrvic
law as exemplified in this case is rather glaring-
. But still there is no "absolute ' title" to the right of
J-parole. on the part of Langdale, and Judge McCourt. did not
J mean this in the way some readers might construe it. lie
1 jneant that a just and impartial administration of the parole
, law contemplates that all cases should be treated alike, and
'lAVith equal justice, in so far as this may be accomplished.
- Notwithstanding such in j ustices, the record is , that 7
: .per cent of the paroled men from' the Oregon penitentiary
- become law abiding and more or less useful citizens. Only 22
' per cent go wrong again. The chances are in favor of
.Langdale making good, if he gets his parole. And the con
v stitutionaP principle against "vindictive justice" is being
y violated by his further retention in prison
' Provided. Provided what? !
Provided that there is a reasonable chance, in the minds
' r.of the members of the parole board, that he will not return to
criminal wavs and become a menace to society. That is the
i Important thing; but the next most important is the reforma
tion of the man convicted of crime. . -
The parole system in Oregon, as the law now stands, is
as important as the judicial system in the treatment of men
j convicted of crime. The parole board has very responsible
; duties standing between injustice to prisoners and the
' protection of society- There are no more important duties
1 than the duties of the members of the parole board. -
ship, we all realize that It Is ab
solutely . necessary. Leadership
changes a crowd from a mob to
an army. If Mr. Coolidge pos
The'1 renublican party Is not
without leadership, j However. It
happens that there Is no' outstand-J seBsea the peculiar faculty of lead
ership, be can win. ' uut ne wm
be beset on every hand by men
of smooth manner and intricate
designs, who know exactly what
they want and seek to get 1L
Unless Mr. Coolidge Is strong,
very strong, he will be led Into
devious , ways and the . men ,who
lead him there, wllf be the first
ones to desert him
There is a conflict 1 n - the re
publican party now that must b
reckoned with. : It Is what is called
the radical elemenC I v It i was a
protest at. first, but has T grown
to the dignity of a wing of the
party. It' will not do to ignore
this element or wing. We mnst
make up our minds that the lssuef
brought forward by these men are
to be met in good temper and with
Ins flcure rieht now. EUhu
1 Root, who possesses, the greatest ;
mind In America. Is too' old to be
a continued political asset, tfudge
Hughes had his chance 'and failed
and America ls nol much of , a
. place to give a man a new oppor
u tunlty. u ; . , vU ,
' , President Coolidge faces a most
' ' difficult proposition. ; ; He baa
never been a national asset to the
party. - His nomination was the
. enthusiastic outburst jof aentl-
ment.t No one figured that a pres
Ident was being named- when, the
'"second place on ' the ticket was
being -filled at Chicago. The fates
f have decreed otherwise, and today
. .Calvin Coolidge Is the i ' leader ."'of
the republican party. . Despite all
of, our anathema against leader-
CARIXG FOR AVRKCKAGE
Four people were killed In In
dustry in this vicinity the last
week. . Multiply this by the en
tire country and we find a real
problem of tbe ; conserving of
human1 life. .Manufacturers are
careful of the life of their work
men for the double reason that
they value human life -'and need
skilled workmen.' However, de
spite 1 the most careful efforts,
there are always accidents, and
always will be until machinery is
substituted for human beings.''
We talk about the efficiency of
the human mind, yet f no man's
mind is fool-proof, while a good
deal of machinery Is. ' .
However, It was not that phase
of the question that we started
out to discuss. If a man is brok
en on the wheel of Industry, no
matter s whether it was careless
ness or some defect that could nol
be forseen, industry jmust take
care of this man's family In such
a way that the great loss may not
be 100 per cent. Industry must
be organized to take care of its
wreckage. The people appreciate
this and will never complain of
that part of the price that they
pay for commodities, f t
V; ' - 7
' s ' I '"
i $ f , ,
A L ,-
The President, accompanied by Mrs. Coohdve just as ... , ift the Pennsylvania "station. New
Tork city, lor the nation's capital on their hurried journey from riymouth, Vt.
- . . . . .k n nra
and I resented
strongly on that accounL
"Look Out!" "
"Of course," he gibed, but with
'a disarming smile, v ,
! "And. besides." I w5nt on with
' reminine inconsistency, "even If
! . . . n ia a tilt err
i sne is juciiuvu ' -
dominant " I
"Go to the head of the class.
Dicky Interrupted. ''That word Is
all to the mustard!" .
I can't Fee what difference it
would make in Robert Savarlns'
Yon can t, eh?" Dicky rejoin-
j ed scornfully. "Well. Just let mo
tell you something! uooen
rin's one of the greatest artists of
his time, a real genius. A man
like that is in a class by himself.
He ought to be put on a peaes
tal and reverenced, and his genius-guarded.
Can you see old Lll
taking aJiumble attitude toward
I glanced at him curiously. H
was not the first time l.had heard
this note of reverent admiration
in hU tone concerning Robert Sa-
rvarin. That it was a feeling ab
solutely distinct from bis very real
liking for the man, I know. It
was an impersonal sort of hom
age to a genius which he humbly
acknowledged as something far
above his own undeniably talent.
"I don't pretend to understand
your attitude." I said, "but imag
ine Lillian do. You forget that
the. was his pupil years aj:o. and
that he gave her the first chance
she ever had to cultivate her own
talent. I think she shares your
admiration for his genius. "r And as
for guarding !t ' ; -
"Oh! She'i' do tho maternal, all
right," he admitted. That's her
strongest characteristic. But let
me tell you that when unusual
people like these two get into the
marriage game there's bound . to
be Interesting fireworks. It's bsfd
enough with dubs like us, but
when real genius effervesces look
I did not answer him, because
I totally disagreed with him, and
knew that there was no chance of
cither of us changing our opinion.
But secretly, his cocksureness
troubled me. Had he read Lillian
and Robert more accurately than
I? I had grown so accustomed, to
regarding marriage wii:
Savarin as the solution c.
problems, that any doutt
ing its wisdom bothered :
than I liked to admit.
"Of course, you diFc
me," Dicky said loftily, t
minute. "But if this th:
come off, and we live to
tesults, you'll acknowk
right. Better speed "up a
dear. You haven't many i
' (To bo continued)
Albany- Corvallis Rc:
To Be Closed Terr
ALBANY. Or., Aug. 1:
Benton road on the weit
the river between Albany :
vallls will be closed wltL:
. days, according to W. K.
resident highway eagin
A new bridge will be
replace a wooden struct
the new bridge will be j
that the sharp turn In t
necessary for the old It:
be done away with. TL
is located just out of A:
the West Side road. T
from Corvallis to Albany :
graded and graveled this :
it will be paved next year, ;
lng to present plans.
The steel bridge across t
lajnette river Is being r
Traffic to Corvallis is t'
ed over the east side .rc.
tho other side Is closed.
j FUTURE DATl
AunKt 1 to 15 Annol m
o( YMCA. Trk riw.
Augn 1 t ,2i Annual eort
KS 8-u CcJi.
Aucatit 12. Sunday Anneal n
ion' Count Jpiwy Cattla .
Brother' farm, cix mile ,o
A a coat 12. Sunday Horn.
Court Street Christian rhor
AncaKt 12, Funday-rTfcird an
-nmias of Aaroavilla I'ioii -
tioa. ' -j. i
August 14. Tneadajr Kuinner
ial o! "40 k ." .
Auzuvt 13, Wednefcda Miuu'
nir, at"la fair grounda.
Aurukt 17. Friday Iowa pit
" - ground.
August 16-19 Nation! jruat i
matches at C'larkamas ride r
September 19, Weinvaday '
September 24 to 29 Orrgon ,
we shall be when we come to the
full realization of our hopes.
The federation of clubs thougXU
better of the agitation to proxt
the erection of a one-story busi
ness block at the corner of Court
and Liberty streets and the sub
ject ; was abandoned before the
meeting last night. In speaking
of the matter one of the substan
tial business men of the city said:
"Of course there will be some blP
jection : te a one-story building
but . the objections to my mind
are Ill-founded. For my part 5 1
would rather have a one-story
temporary building erected than
a substantial two-story one. The
proposed structure will give way
to the right kind of a building in
a few tyears. whereas a two-story
structure might prevent a large
building going up: on that site in
the life time of any man now in
business." When The Oregon
Statesman appeared yesterday
with a notice that the federation
of clubs forecast a protest a vol
unteer committee of business men
was immediately formed and the
true situation explained to the
In discussing radicalism in pol
itics, simply remember not to con
fuse it with progressiveism. Radi
calism is progressiveism gone
mad. We need , the ; progressives
for a-balance wheel, but'we must
be careful not to go to the extent
of turning the country over to the
radicals. A progresive simply
wants to make progress always,
and a radical is very apt to be a
bull in a china shop
he can make a political ten-strike
by putting an Oregon man in his
Is'ote: Chester A. Arthur suc
ceeded to the presidency much as
Mr. Coolidge did, but his;party
lost the first election it had. lost
since the war. i
HOLDING A HUSBAND
.AUcIe Grrlm"s New PbrMe of
REVELATIONS OF A WIFE
I"-"- " 'I
TheBoysand Girls Newspaper
The Biggrot Little Paper In the World -
Copyright, 2. Associated Kditor.
Edited by John I'.
Tales Our Fisherman ; Tells
A Yarn of a Boy, a Game
Warden, and a Pike Fish
It is a fact that Salem waked
up and became a . city before a
good many people knew it, and in
spite of what some of them who
did know it. could do. This is
not a situation local to Salem, as
it Is happening in live communi
ties everywhere. In the last four
or five years Salem has taken a
new lease on life and has become
one of the most progressive up-to-date
cities on the coast. A re
cital of the activities1 here aston
ishes even the closest observers
and is so much more than any of
us expected. - t r
Salem is meeting its opportun
ity and meeting it in a manner
that is, causing the citizens to get
up' on their 1 toes, go after busi
ness for all that they 'are worth.
The old Idea that Salem ? was
merely a capital city, therefore
coutracted in its business, has
been replaced by the idea that
men are going after business hard
and the longest headed men are
dropping the most persimmons.
We have a fine picture of Salem
through the recitals of the slogan
pace of : Tho Oregon Statesman,
but it does 'not yet appear what
Man cannot live by self' alone.
We touch elbows an'd have a
meeting of hearts and minds. We
cannot be Indifferent to the trou
bles of the world morally, politi
cally and economically. The
world appeal must be accepted by
America. The court of public
relations offers a meeting-ground
for united action.
Jess Willard is a pugilist turned
lecturer. We trustthat Jess will
not be a disappointment on the
platform as he was in the ring.
Just what ' message a lubberly
prizefighter can have for. an aver-;
age audience remains to be seen.
Congressman Johnson of Wash
ington has appealed to President
Coolidge for relief from the Im
migration congestion. A most
delicate situation here has been
sidestepped so long on this coast
that it will take the heavy hand
of law to straighten things out.
The deer season opens August
20th as usual. The doctors and
the undertakers flourish in this
season because so many hunters
fire away on the theory, hit if
it is a deer and miss if it ij. a
calf."; ..; ;. v - ,y;: -A;
President Coolidge is credited
as being a smart man. He prob-
1 ably does not need lo be told that
THE "CAUSK FOR TIOUCIIT
M DICKY GAVE MADGE;
"I say, Madge." -
Dicky spoke j abruptly af ter a
silence which for him was un
usual.' It had lasted two' or three
minutes, and I was' beginning to
wonder if I had said anything to
offend him. '
i I slowed the par down immedi
ately, -in which I we were going to
meet Robert Savarin, and an
swered dutifully; ,
"Yes Dicky, what is it?" .
"D'ye think ,Lil really means
to ditch old Harry "and roarrv
Savarin?":. V. j' v.
I winced at his query.' Dicky
is! not-prone to crudity, but evi
dently his disapproval of Lillian's
attitude had goaded him into th-
; ;It. isn't a Question of her
ditching Harry," I replied cold
ly, my distaste) for his -expression
betraying itself involuntarily. .
1 jA thousand pardons, MIsa
Puritan schoolma'am," Dicky
mocked. "I didn't mean to shock
your refined ears. I suppose you
mean Harry already has perform
ed that little Job, and you're right.
I don't pretend to defend him, but
yau mark my "word. Lll was hap
pier with him than sne, ever could
be with Savarin." . . i -.
"I fail to see how you inafco
that out," I said spiritedly. "H;r
life with" that man was one lon
martyrdom of her own tastes and
instincts. Why! Don't you r
mjember how she dyed her hair
arid ranged so outrageously be
C3ise he Insisted upon her doing
it?" : :" ;:. ' ; . - ; .
f, You Are Absolutely Unjust."
'"Yees.''! Dicky admitted, "but
while she humored Harry in little
things, like that,' .yon forget that
in their manage she was it.- Harry
always; deferrerl to her judgment
in belt' affairs ; and his own, fnd
I, never knew a' man put so high
a value on a woman's mentality
as he did on Lil's. And, you
know Lll. She's the 'best old
spoilt n the world, arid I owo her
more than I do anybody in tho
world j outsld my. family, but it
t-he tran't b the, 'bride at.'the wed
ding and the corpse at the fune
ral. lfe has no savor for ber." ;
I "You are 'absolutely uniust," 1
flarcI, fot hw bad struck tbis note
of 'criticism of; Lillian so frequent
ly In the la.t year that, it had be
come Ja goad. I sHspechd, that It
was conceived in an absurd jeal
ousy of my dependence upon her.
Our old Fisherman knew more
tales than any other fisherman
alivej At least he was never lack
lag" for" a good story to ;tellJ Ho
used to sit down by the lake in a
half-fslouch, resting position, his
soft hat pulled to shade his mild
blue eyes, and for an hour or
more he'd never say a word, nor
even make a motion except for
shifting his tobacco to theother
cheek. But soon the 6tory would
come, in a slow, drawling voice.
One morning he was sitting
down on the pier. When his line
began to tug and stretch, he 8il
ently pulled it in.
"Now you know, this do remind
me," he began, "of a story a game
warden told one time, p'rhaps 20
years back. Boys was as smart
in those days as they are today,
I reckon, for this particular boy,
who went out fishin in a boat in
the lake yonder, wasn't lackin?
in a ready answer. You see, this
boy had the good fortune to catch
a fine wall-eyed pike, like the one
I hauled in nowj bat it bein' the
closed season for pike fishin" he
just tied it on a string and fast
ened it under the boat.
"In about 15 minutes the game
warden, who was out for a little
look-around, .come along, and see
in the boy, rowed up to him. Now
the pike was noue too well hid
den, down inhe water, and about
the time the warden got along
side that pike began splashin
around. The. game warden got
hold of the string, pulled It im
looked from fish to boy and
says: . . ;-
" 'Don't you know it's unlaw-
I ful to catch pike at this season
of the year? ' Whereupon- the
boy, who was a glib little shaver,
answered him: '
! " 'Sure I do. But I'm not fish
in for pike, sir. I am fishin' for
perch, and that big pike was chas
ln all the other fishes , away, so
I had to tie him up until I got
(These "stories were gathered
from an old fisherman In the great
North Woods hjr-A. 8. Child, for
merly a AVlsconsin Game Warden
Watch for another next week.)
Ready Freddy Just I
hang around your desk c
phone he Isn't happy t
helping you to rememt :,
sooner you make him .
him oa doty the happi;
Freddy Isn't partlcul
what his suit is made c'
cut In the style he like
From a piece of br!v
doubled, cut his suit like
line in Fig. 1, making it 2
least 8 Inches long. In c
cut two buttonholes for
In the legs, and' anoth
wide near the end -of
sleeve. . Now sew the It
together on the wrong e'
ing at the neck sr
around, then turn right
For his head, cut two
ces from plain pink, wt.
cloth,- sew . .together
Mark his hair -and face
pad with cotton. Sew
and suit together, bans
pad of paper around his
stick a pencil In each of
ets and a ruler up V
Hang him up beside j
and Freddy Is at your s.
I THE SHORT STORY, JR. I
T1IK L.VMBS CAMPING, TRIP
The children were all on their
bear the hot weather was
'Twas a snd situation
Still they had a vacation,
ly ramping right In their back
"We can't go" Anne's Hps trem
Can't go!" Herbert's voice con
tained even more concern than
his sister's.' ;
Kven Mrs. Lamb's eye3 were
moit as she shook her head.
"Daddy says he can't afford to
take a vacation this year. lie's
so worried. Don't you suppose
you chifdren can hide your dis
appointment from him?"
"Of course, we can." they acrerd
bravely. "Why we've always
gone camping every single sum
mer. We don't know how nice it
may be here. It isn't like we
were down in the city; It won't
get very hot out here In the su
burbs." Mrs. Lamb-smiled wanly. She
knew how hot It could get arid how
long and lonesome a summer in
the suburbs could be with all th.
neighbors gone camping.
The first tw0 weeks of the sum
mer dragged slowly by. They
were even worse than Mrs. Lamb
had feared. There was nothing
for the children to do. But oie
morning. Mrs. Lamb waa awak
eued very early by stifled 'giggles
In the next room.1 She heard the
children softly steal downstairs
and then there was much bumping
and laughing going on In the kit
chen. She crawled out of bed
and hurried down to see what it
was all about. "Whatever are ycu
children up to?" she asked: "Don't
you know It's Just barely four
o'clock?" - .,
"Oh, mother, please go buck tn
bed and don't tell Father," they
begged.- "If going to be a sur
prise. We'll call you when we're
ready." -.... : - .,,.-: ,.
. Mrs. Lamb hadn't seen tho chil
dren so excited all Bummer, be
sides she was too sleepy to pro
test. She. crawled back to bd
but not to sleep. The children
saw to that. She heard them tear
ing up and down from attic to
cellar.- She couldn't see how her
jiu&uana rouia caimiy sleep on
through all the racket. Poor man!
He was so run down and tired.
She did wish they could have gone
camping for his sake i?
the children's. y
Art last, he awoke wKL
Someone was pounding
dishpan right tinder t
dow. They dressed as Q
possible and hurried do?
backyard where all the r
coming from now. At t
they stopped short In t
There before them was t
camping tent and out u
apple tree the children wt
"Come on." Herbert crir "
Ing a stick at them with a
of crisp bacon curling on t'
of It. "breakfast is eervri."
Everyone talked at fir
they alBIaughed at everytt!
was said.' They decided to
cots up and sleep ont the r
the summer. . "And we kl"
going to do all the coc:
Anne announced as she -fished
a grasshopper out
coffee. "It'll be lots of fu
the end of the summer I'
Mrs. Lamb both declared .
been the finest camping tr'
had ever had.
thought so, too.