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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1920)
THURSDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 23r 1020
een Blackberries in Oregon Are Produced in Salem District,
by Leaps and Bounds and Will Continue to Grow
THE OKEflON STATESMAN. SAT,T!Af OHEGON
tvERY AVAILABLE MN, WOMAN 1
MID GlflLD LIKELY TO BE NEEDED
Tie Presc-t Indications Are That the Gathering of the
fcr-cea Blackberry Crop in the Salem District the
Ccz&S Season Will Take AH the Available Help
cents per pound generally. 1 building, Salem, who buy and de-1
borne of the canners were offering 1 velop for residents of other states
to contract at 5 cent per pound I and others, including themselves.1
ror iu years last spring. Pickers walnut and filbert and fruit orch-
- -Br KnlsM Pearcy..'
nnt mors or les different
of blackberries grow in this
ijje Is the wild blackberry.
. we OresonUnt know it, a slen-
Uns nd cm fence rows, perhaps
the most aeuciwu inj
irtva. U has m41 2eels and
very r.e raor. but does not en
dare cultivation or at least sel
dom traits under euuanun. ims
fruit H really dew berry in
ttead of a blackberry-
Taeo there Is the upright grow
ing blackberry, such as is cul ti
nted in tbe middle west and in
fiiiroraia. Lawton. Klttatinny
aid Aravara are variet'es of this
typ. The Lawton is usually pre
ferred by the canner. The plant
ers of this type of blackberry
ia wwtern Oregon are quite lim
ited and 1 few of them reach the
nnr. They do quite well here.
(111 a!tj w ni in. uiau;
years, however, a great demand
has been worked up for it. Wheth
er this demand will continue to
grow after the canners catch up
with demand for canned goods is
a question with some. ,
The principal use to which the
berry is put is that of a pie fruit.
It is canned in water and sent
east to the pie factories. It has
taken the eye of the pie nianufac
turer because it is one of the few
berries that retains its full size
after being canned. It does not
mush up and makes a very at
tractive product, and in addition
requires but little sugar in bak
ing the pie.
M034 or the Evergreens are
now harvested from bushes grow
ing wild. However, there have
been a number of patches, planted
in cultivated form of late.
There is one planting in the
state of 30 acres.
Methods of Planting. i
! Evergreens are usually planted
ether sections, and there seems I about 10 by.1'6 feet apart in the
can pick about loO pounds per
The wild berry is more costly
to pick and is" often more diffi
cult to get to market.
h la "berry is a. heavy feeder
and excels In a rich, retentive
soil and will endure mors moist
ure about its roots than will
many o her berries.
The berries usually ripen about
the middle of August and con
tinue? to ripen until rain or frost
spoils tbe fruit.
The Himalaya is of a some
what similar type to the Ever
green, but is softer as a canned
fruit. It was sold at the same
prce as the latter in 1919
Blackberries will probably never
be a leading crop in this section.
but many loganberry growers
would be better off if part of
their acreage were in this crop,
as thereby their harvest season
would be lengthened and the la
bor problem, the most serious
problem facing the loganberry
growers, would be less acute.
After a Year.
(Knight Pearcy, who wrote the
above article., is a member of the
firm of Pearcy Bros., Oregon
ards. in the Salem district. The
above article was written a year
ago. It stands and is good auth
ority for the present; excepting as
to the year's developments.
It will be noted that Mr. Pearcy
mentioned some misgivings with
some people as to whether the
demand for Evergreen blackber
ries would persist. It has per
sisted. It is growing. The cold
pack or barrel demand of the
eastern market is great much
greater than the supply, so far.
And the reader will note also
that the acreage in Evergreen
blackberries in the Salem district
has been growing by leaps and
bounds. It is not so very far
short of the great loganberry
crop; and tbe Salem district has
nearly all the Evergreen black
berries in Oregon.
The prices paid last season by
the canners were generally 6 cents
a pound for the wild berries and
7 cents for the cultivated.
There is every indication that
the coming crop of Evergreens
will be a big one; the largest in
the history of the industry; and
that every available man. woman
and child will be needed at pick
ing time. Ed.)
OVER HALF BLACKBERRIES AND
RASPBERRIES IN OLD MARION
And Polk County Js Second in Oregon, and Yamhill
Third and Linn Fourth, Showing Nearly the Whole
Oregon Production of These Berries is in the Salem
to be a tendency in this valley to
ipecialize In the fruits and ber
ries tbat cannot be grown com
mercially over great areas rather
ttiia to grow stuff thatlias to
face competition ' all over the
country.' . ; .
Thos we grow, the Evergreen
kUckberry. the , loganberry, the
valnst and filbert and the Italian
wane, products that are grown
veil in OregrtLbnSt which do well
in few other locati
The Evergreen blackberry Is the
Oregon blackberry from a com
A few years ago a .despised
teed that was- grudged what
room It occupied .- along, creek
hanks' and in pastures, mis now
yielding thousands of dollars to
t&ose wh6 are lucky enotlgh to
land on which it is growing
The Oregon Evergreen is not
a native plant, as many suppose,
lot Js a European 'i berry, that is
supposed to have been planted
tear Astoria in the early days and
vhich had escaped cultivation and
kid been carried by. the birds to
til parts of the Willamette valley
io d to the coast counties.
Not until war conditions had
tuned a food shortage of all
V.s4s was this ""berry ' canned to
tuy txtent. During the last few
tow and are grown on trellis. Tne
trellis is a four-wire affair, there
being two sets of wires fastened
to cross arms of about 15 to IS
inches in length. The first cross-
arm is placed about a foot and a
half or two feet from the ground
and the other about three and a
half to four feet from the ground.
Hoards with notcnes are piacea
on these wires in such a manner
that the wires f; Into the notch
es. Canes of one year s growth
are trained along one set Of
boards . and of the next yearfs
growth along the other set 6f
BLACKBERRY AND RASPBERRY
ACREAGE BIG IN OLD MARION
j uy u. t.. wiLy.N
The lowly blackberry, which
just'a few vears ago was regard
ed as a nuisance, is now one of
the most profitable crops In Mar
ion county and the acreage or
raspberries and blackberries com
bined, shows a larger percentage
of Increase since 1919 than any
This increase in acreage of the
two berries Is given in the agri
cultural and horticultural report
of the state tax commission for
the years 1919 and 1920.
As there has been no large In
crease in acreage in raspberries,
according to tbe best of reports.
this acreage gain then is in black
berries. In preparing a form tor
tax assessors to secure farm sta
tistics, blackberries and raspber
ries are tiken as one. Hence
there are no accurate statistics
showing the ' exact acreage of
blackberries in any county of the
An increase. of 400 per cent in
acreage- in one year for any one
berry Js regarded by horticultur
ists as an extremely radical gain.
is the increase in the
raspberry ' and blackberry
4.031 acres, an increase In one
year of 3.274 acre. Strawber
ries show an increase of l.95
acres in tbe one year and logan
! California Anxious to
Receive Oregon Berries
A public bearing on tbe ftraw-
berry root weevil was held In tbe
court house at Portland last Fri
day., attended by about 50 men
engaged In raising strawberry
plants' representing Clackamas.
Multnomah. Columbia. Clatsop.
Tillamook and Washington coun
ties. The attention of tbe growers
was called to the strawberry, root
weevil by reason of tbe quaran
tine regulation placed by Califor
nia on that part of Oregon which
lies north of a line running east
and west through McMinnville
Lee A. Strong, deputy
quarantine officer of California-j
The acreage of loganberries In J was present at tbe hearing, ana
the state, accohrdlng to the 1920 said, that the California aumori
state tax commission's report, is ties are anxiously endeavoring to
.3b. UI sirawoerries mere rr i proieci idii aiaic i iuui nic. -
It Was Only 506 Acres Behind the Acreage of the Fa- Yet this
mous Loganoerry in lnis county Last apring, ana ine acreage over i, according w
I lUQ PlAir l A Jt Will lUlOOiwu,
ilrnwfh Hac Kn HrAaf I The 1919 report gives a total
and the 1920 report, a total of
3.20S acres, while the combined
acreage of blackberries and rasp
berries is 4.301.
All of which shows, that while
the two berri-s have not been or
dinarilr retarded as one of the
I big crops, yet the official figures
show their importance.
Marion county, with a total ot
2.940 acres has more than, half
the blackberry and raspberry ac
reage in the state. Polk county
ranks second with S3? acres and
Yamhill county with "328 acres.
Linn county ranks fourth with
121 acres, while the assessor
round oniy one acre in ia&?r ,
The 1919 report or tne state
tax commission shows 324 acres
of blackberries and raspberries
reported in Marion county. The
1920 report gives 2.940 acres.
All pf which indicates that eith
er a lot of people failed to turn In
correctly their acreage In 1919.
or that there has been a most
wonderful increase in tbe acres ge
of the two berries the paat year
or so in Marion county.
riant, but that they did not
wish to work any hardship on the
strawberry men of Oregon He
said during tbe course of his re
marks that he was satisfied much
of the territory within this re
stricted district Is free from the
pest, and In his opinion it the
Oregon officials could determine
tj a certainty that the fields in
which the plants are grown are
free from pest. California would
receive the plants when accom
panied by a proper certificate set
ting forth these facts In compll
anre with his arrangements.
The horticultural hoard of Ore
gon has sent an etymologist Into
the field to make a thorough In
spection, to determine the d.strt
bution f this pest In Oregon.
This survey work will also be
used as a basis for a quarantine
regulation to prevent tbe Intro
duction of strawberry plant be
ing shipped from Infested "
to non-infested areas within this
Mr. Strong viited the area
where strawberry plants were
handled and expressed himself as
being well pleased with the con
ditions. The strawberry plant growers
are gratified that their attention
has been called to the strawberry
root weevil pest- as there was not
rh.ief who had ver seen the peat-
It is said there are three af
ferent srecles of weevil resem
bling each other, but differing lu
rite. Professor A. U Lovelt f
Oregon Agricultural college some
rears ago made a survey or ine
pests, a rport of which is set
forth In tbe experiment stations
crop pest report of 1911 and
ItODY IS IDK.T1F1EI.
VALE. Ore.. Dec. 21. Tfca la
quest over the body unearthed
Sunday at Watson, was positively
identified as that of George It.
Sweeney and the coroner's Jury
placed the blame for bis death up
on George Howard. The Inquest
was held before Coroner K. O.
Thus the new growth is kept Cinea raspoerry ana
out of the way of the Irultin
A good example of this type 4M acreage.
Marion county goes in stronger
for blackberries and raspberries
than any county in the state. In
fact, there are official figures to
Ebow that in the county the com-
acreage this spring was only SO4
acrt-3 less than the loganberry
goes in strong for, berries, with nt Irinwn,1..4. int-n-cls
20 acres In loganberries. 17 esl , tne uI.
in strawberries and eight acres Kim- e i,nmn life 1
it1 black "And raspberries com- haTe fond my rreatest hero In
bined. . I li.rhort Kneneer. llertnnlnr with
The Turner and Jefferson sec-1 his incomparable work on educa
. I . A Vt.nlr ' tl V I- J 1. - 9 K
hum rcuri3 practical! j uu umik
training can be seen at the berry
patch of the Oregon asylum,
which patch is located betweejn
the penitentiary and the asylum
The berry yields very heavily.
One patch that we have record
of yielded as follows: (Planted
1914, two tons per acre.
W?15, five ton3 per acre,
1916, eight tons per acre. r, jl
Of course every oae knows tbat
i thef Willamette valley is the lo
ganberry center of the wotld.
producing 95 per cent of the
world's crop, but it has not been
I generally known that blackberries
and raspberries are a-so one of
the wealth producing crops of
i Marion county. .
Statistics taken by county 83-
fcessors and later filed with the
1917. five and one-third tons prj state tax commission place black
acre. - : -
1918. five and one-third tons
per acre." " " t"!
The price received in 1919 wa
"BILLY" EGAN SAYS GROW
SOIJE EVERGREEN BLACKBERRIES
He Says They Make a Good link in the Chain of Diver
sifted Farming, and the Small Expense of Cultivation
Is an Advantage in Their Favor
Edtor Statesman: !
la response to your kind invi
tation to Write a few words about
the Evergreen blackberry, beg to
submit the following brief
it is a prevalent opinion that
Ibis splendid, - luscious and pro
lific berry is a native of Oregon.
Tfcla has not been my experience,
1 paid 50 cents foe one plant
43 rears ago. Being. alone, it
Vtw slowly In pollenlzation and
tor a long time was not prolific.
When once in full bearing the
Urdt soon scattered the seeds
wer the farm and the plants were
rigorous, I found I had no profi
table market for them and felt
were a menace to the farm.
They Jed up the long wooled
top and were almost certain
tata to the Angora goat when
ki wool, was long.
I auccetsfully controlled them
' thla manner: Cut off the vines.
, ar the goats, turn them into
me pasture you want cleared and
tie work Is done. :
mererore. there need be no
far of taking them on your farm
l-t they cannot be controlled.
t present the berry seems to
pollenizcd with our wild na
liTt blackberry, which has no
for flavor, and is now a
profitable berry with a
When allowed to grow in pas-
lnr on ft vnni) lanrin ' it lit best
to prune the vines to about four slJia11 tracts
feet, just before picking time;
this relieves the pickers from the
very unpleasant tangling of the
laterals In their clothes and ren
ders the work - pleasant and
speedy, besides the bush the fol
lowing year sends out a cluster
of short vines about tbe same
length, larger berries and more
prolific. - They make a very good
link in the chain of diversified
farming; following closely after
the loganberry. '
I ? would not advise as exten
sive, an area of them as of the
logans, for this reason: The lo
ganberry comes on in our valley
just when the boys 'and girls are
fresh' from school; the parents
are ready to take their vacation:
the business men and women
want a short outing. It is just
before the grain. Uartlett peare
and? hops are on, or the children
called back to school, therefore
we can handle a larger area of
legans, even if they were not in
so much demand. A strong ar
gument In favor of the black
berry is the small expense of cul
tivation compared with any other
jVm. H. Egan.
Oervais, Or.. Dec. 20. 1920.
berries and raspberries under one
heading. Hence in givire the
acreage "of individual 'growers
there is no means of knowing the
exact acreage of each terry.
If the figures given by the
tate tax commission are correct
the Allen Fruit company, with
40 acres reported, has the larges
blackberry and raspberry acreage
in the county. The -tract is just a
few miles north of Salem.
W. H. Egan of Gervais is cred
ited with 30 acres of the two
berries, while Louis Aral, also
of Gervais, is reported with 3
Very few growers in the Sil
veiton and Scotts Mills section of
the county reported any acreage
of rasp or blackberries. In the
Hubbard country there are a few
Just north of Sa
lem, on rural route S. but little
acreare was reported, although
L. E. Weeks Is reported with nine
acres of the two berries.
Rural route 9, on the Pacific
highway north of Salem, has but
few tracts reported, nor has rur
al route 7. out towards Silverton. enced mT youthful imagination to t fortified by the wisdom of thes
Francis Robinson of Macleay ....
tt A,naiitltnnfl I ChOSCn OUeS.
At we grow uiuci c -tor
preparation for the duties of
life and more for relaxation and
or raspberries, nor does the Mt.
Angel, nor the country Immedi
ately south of Salem. And the
same may be said of tbe Shaw and
Sublimity partjof the county, ac
cording to the report ot the state
tafx commission for 1920".
Nor are there any blackberries
or raspberries reported from the
Stayton or Aumsville country.
But the northern part ot the
county around Woodburn shows
a heavy acreage and a large nam
ber of small tracts.
John A. Scott of Woodburn Is
credited with 23 acres and Rex
R. Cooley of the same place with
eight acres. J. B. Goldschmidt
has five acres near Woodburn;
A. E. Feller of Hubbard, route 1,
has a 20-acre tract in the assess
or's report under the heading ot
blackberries and raspberries, but
the record of course does not in
dicate which berry.
Just for a change of crops in
the Jefferson district of Marion
county. W. J. Turnidge is re
ported with 16 acres ot the two
berries. E. II. Nichols of Salem
route 6. east of the city, has five
Tne 1919 legislature passed a
law requiring all county assess
ors each year to take a census of
the acreage both horticultural and
agricultural, and these ' figures
are based on the 1920 report of
the-srste tax commission, where
the reports of all county assess
ors are filed. .
tion. I have read largely of his
synthetic philosophy and have
come to regard him as the great
est intellect thaV ever looked
- .. ....
wonderingly out into tne steuar
pleasure. I am sorry mat i
never got really acquainted with
Mark Twain until I was. nearly
40 years old. It Is my theory
that Mark Twain wrote not for
the young but for the middle
aged and old. Mr parwln used
tn road ifrk Twain while lying In
bed to Induce sleep after a cay oi
bard scientific research. Msrk
Of all modern writers who bsvei f of life
9 A. t t.t. iV. Athi. I -
especially precious to tnose wno
are growing oia sna urea ana mr
coursged in the bailie oi in
CONFESSIONS OF A BOOK LOVER
H. VAN TRUMP
DATES OF SLOGANS IN DAILY STATESMAN
(In Twice-a-Wcck Statesman roUowin cay)
Drug garden. May 4.
Sugar beets. May 11.
f-ostnberrles, OcU 7.
'runes, Oct. 14.
drying, Oct. 21. .
ax, Oct. 28.
Filberts. Nov. 4.
Walnuts. Nov. 11.
Strawberries, Nov. 18.
Ples. Nov. 25.
Raspberries. Dec. 2.
itint. Dec. 9. . .
Creat cows, Dec. 16.
"'aekberrles. Dec. 23.
Cherries, Dec. 20.
ars. Jan. 6. 1921.
, Gooseberries aud Currants,
rn. Jan, 20.
'ery. Jan. 27.
fUnach. Feb. 2.
"oions, Feb. 10.
Potatoes. Feb. 17.
. Feb. 24.
-J'n'ng. March 2.
GaU, March 9.
Iun. March IS.
rei highway, March 25.
""won, March 50.
'loa. April 6.
"Tunics. April 13.
vtrgi-, Aprii 2. '
:,P" April 37, -
Sorcbum. May IS,
. Cabbage. May 25. : .
Poultry and Pet Stock. Juno 1.
Land. June 8. -Dehydration,
Hops. Juno 22.
Wholesale and Jobbing, June
Cucumbers, July 6.
Hogs, July 13. . .
City beautiful, flowers and
bulbs. July 20.
- S:hoois. juiy
Sheep, Aug. 3.
National Advertising, Aug. 10.
Seeds, Aug. 17.
t i.ociiirk'. A nr. 24.
Automotive Industry, Auff. 31.
ni,i and Grain Troducta,
Sept. 7. . ,
T-,nurriiir(ntr. Sept. 14
Woodworking and other things.
1'nr.nr Mill. SfDt. 28.
(Back copies of Salem Slogan
Dillon, if The Daily Oregon
o litem an ira OQ hand. They arc
rr sale at 10c each, uiailcd to
Books have been the m.ost effi
cient and beneficent Impersonal
Influence contributing to the suc
cess of my life. I had almost
said .that books have been the
most enobling of all formative in
fluences touching my life.
I was born at the close of the
Civil war on the north bank of
the Missouri river, j 30 miles be
low Kansas City, In the midst or
auspicious environments. The
James and the Younger boys had
their homes and rendezvous only
16 miles away, and; most any day
would enliven the community
with a bank robbery or a particu
larly thrilline massacre of the
mossback citizens along the river.
If I had been quick to catch on
and cast my lot with the powers
of nrosress I might! have written
my name along with the Jameses
nf Missouri and the James or iar
vard on the pages of imperishable
a hors. we had our "gan
and read the lives of Quantrell.
Wild Bill. Billie the Kid. and otn
er heroes of the border; but. we
were too close to tbe gruesome
reality to allow these books to
cast any permanent glamor over
the life cyt the outlaw
ultv free and fully awake
could never understandhow the
past could have been more won
derful than the present.
In my 14th 3'ear 1 was Intro
duced through the publishing
house of John B. Alden to the
bast of the world's elastics in
science and literature. Here
became acquainted with the
works of Emerson.. Matthew Arn
old. Carlylej Goethe, Tesnnyson
Ruskln. Gladstone. George fciiot.
Mrs. Ward. Herbert Sprticer
Darwin. Tyndall. Pasteur. Huxley
and. most significant of all others
Professor Clifford. From among
the multitude of modern writers
four chosen ones have influenced
mv life bevond all others. I may
truly say that Emerson gave the
essential spiritual impulse to mr
eobdpI of liberty a chalnless
minri th. birthright of every r""
his theory of nature as an inex
hanstible and compensating "over
cmiI" are eoncents tnai iniiu
endeavored to stimulate tbe ethi
cal sense through the aestbetical
sense, and have sought to soften
the hearts of the rich and power
ful through the love or the beau
tiful, no one has written with
more sublime and subtle per
suasiveness than John Ruskln. H
studied and taken .to heart for
tine brief season, there Is enough
truth and religion in -Crown of
Wild Olives" and "Ses'sm- and
IJllles" to redeem this world from
its cruel commercialism and make
it an earthly paradise.
Prof. W. K. Clifford, one ot the
most eminent! mathematicians of
the 19th century, died at the age
of 33. but not before he had pro
duced some of the most Import
ant aelentlfir and Phliosopnic
work- of all time. The work or
Prnfounr Clifford is tO D Pnzea
especially because of Its- ethical
value. Four lectures aeiiTrrru
Itttore the Royal society: "ine
nasi of Morals" "The ElUics oi
Belief." "Right and Wrong." the
F!tM- nr Rel Klon" consilium
the greatest modern contribution
to the science of right conduct,
and furnish the only possible bas
is for the success of selt-govern-ing
socleti-s. . In forming the be
liefs which regulate my conduct
. lTn nnrt a SO!al being I
have consistently gone to iroies-
sor Clifford's works for guiaance.
These four authors have con
tributed more to my preparation
tor the whole duty of life than all
coHege and university training i
have enjoyed. And i say wnu
due deliberation and in all ser
iousness, that if I had a young
son now preparing for the strug
gle of life in "this Wilderness of a
World" I should rather see nim
master the works of these four
authors, than see him start out
with a university degree, but un-
II arid CVUh People whose
blood is pure are not nearly so
likely to take hard coias as are
nther. Hoods sarsapanii
makes the blood pure; and this
great medicine recovers the sys
tem after a com as no omer w
iHne does. Take Hooa s
MANY a Salem household U soinz
to open Christmas Savings Ac
counts at the United States Na
tional for those of the family who arc
not already so equipped. .
They draw Interest and arouse interest
- ' -
r 1 m
TWO DAYS MORE.
and Christmas Is Here
We have certainly done an exceptional business and
we intend to make the last three days even busier. We
intend to clean up thoroughly.
, , .
JExtra Specials on Broken Lines .
We herejnention a few extra specials j?
Laugh & Grow Fat
Hand Carved Bags
Boys9 Suits , y
Jersey. Silk Underwear
were other social and intellectual
diversions and activities m mai
narrow seek of the woods wnere
. . . . ... a i. n rlint.
In a log' school house on the hill
bard by. James Lane Allen, the
future author of the "Reign of
Law." was wielding the hickory
and teaching the baekwoods Mis
souri youths to shoot for higher
things. And so it came about
that in mv 13th year. I read the
"Origin of Species" and began to
open my eyes to tbe great and
marvelous worm in wmcn i
so humble a citizen.
From my earliest youth I had
read the Bible.. Josepfius, Dante
Milton and John Bunyan; but I
I read these books s I. read all
. lot her books, wit Jl my. critical fax-
Boys and Girls
Santa Claus Is Coming
Just listen little children, 'T ' i
Ami a secret I will tell ; . . - -
Its sonietliinjr dear old Santa told to mc.
Next Fridav afternoon at Font
1 f von visit WOODRY S STOK K
Old Santa Claus in tline vou'll urely see.
He has a little present
For everv Hill and Hoy
Hetween tlie tender ace of right and three.
llut he has one request. - '
To ask you in return.
That vou'll whittle Every Day for WOODRY.
Our shdwing bf Silk'
Kimonas, Negligee and 7
Japanese Embroidered j
.received the recognition they de
pth'c. Our sales have been most
gratifying but small wonder,
when you see the charmingly
and "beautifully embroidered
styles, and find how reasonably
they arc pneeu.
1 1 I 1
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