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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1920)
THE OREGON STATESMAN: SUNDAY, AUGUST , 1020.
A lew days ago a man who has
been both "master" and "man"
failed to grasp a- deduction to which
I had arrived in the course of a con
versation, where, as an assumption
of Justice, I had (as must all who
view the subject Justly and logi
cally) gien vrorklngmen first place
In economic consideration.
He accepted the premise that man
and his labor power, can not be
actually separated-they are only
separable philosophically and took
as his secondary proposition the
stand that "a business man's busi
ness is Just as much a part of him
as the working man's Job is of him."
It Is Just exactly such erroneous
opinions, entertained by both labor
and employers of labor, that is the
soil of all differences (that arise be
tween "capital and labor."
' Com per s has defined labor is
"what we are," and capital as "what
we have." That will serve to lead
the thinker to realize that "capital"
and "labor," are entirely distinct
from "employee" and "employer."
The employer is a working man;
so is the employee. The employer
usually has or controls capital which
he reinvests. ' The employee has no
capital invested other than his skill
or other capacity to create things
or produce stuff properties abso
lutely inseparable from him and his
The employer collects wages for
his labor (It he is on a sound,- fair
business basis), profit on his wages
and profit and interest on the wages
paid the employee, besides interest
on his investment in plant and
That, economically, means usury
the compounding ' of interest on
interest which in the light of Jus
tice, ever since the money-lender and
the harlot were" relegated outside the
temple in biblical times, on up the
ages till the "Shylocks" of our time
have become subject of state regula
tion of a more or less loose nature.
And now we have the . same ani
mal with a diversion of the same in
stincts that have outlawed the "low
' downs" of the financial .world, In
the "profit-Tamp," Just now subject
of much opprobrium and much less
of tidal investigation.
To illustrate eoneretely the differ
ence between the real status of em
ployee and employer 'faboYpoweT
' Is common to both, remember), the
employee invests his labor-power in
the boss's business, as does the boss
also; but the employee has no in
terest in the business that his labor-
power helps to build op which he can
transfer or transmit; the boss, has a
property right in it with all the pre
rogatives teat atlacn to tne em
To say "frugality makes bosses of
workmen, is begging the question.'
It every man (3,000,000) In the A.
F. of L. would save and take out of
circulation 25 cents (coin) a week,
ln one year $39,000,000 would be
withdraw from circulation, the
equivalent of $780,000,000 "circu
lating medium" on the U. S. basis
of 20 credit dollars .(rich men's
money) for every "hard dollar" in
The "hard dollar" is the vulgar,
r.olsy silver coin (no more gold in
circulation) that Jingles so ostenta
tiously on the merchant's counter,
(the "4-bit" dollar) as the smelly
employee drops it. "Promises to
lay" It shinplasters. paper money
Is the quiet, unassuming inven
tion of the bosses' boss, the fin an
tier, the banker, the modern "money
changer." , ,
nut, back to our illustration. The
bookkeeper's labor powers make tig
f ures (which are his) and adds, sub
tracts and multiplies them to rep
resent accounts (money, which be
longs to the boss). The fellow out
in the factory, print-shop, or what
not, makes the things that the book
keeper's figures represent, and ths
boss's or other labor-power under
his direction, pilots these on the way
to the consumers' door the fellow
t Wno. Inde them or someone ' else.
: the majority ot whom only have
their labor power (their life) to of
fer for the money the boss collects
And it he don't get enough wages
he can't buy his own products. See?
And If a boss "can't pay" what la
oor needs, to maintain j American
standards, what his government and
our government declares necessary
lo tne well-being of this country,
he Is a bad American and a poor
as are thoso of the Voy who breaks
a window to hear thfe .glass Jingle
and In keeping withWtheir destruc
tive psychology they -vwould now tear
down the standards . of American
labor, for they suggest i that the Japi
should be sent back a: soon as the
land is cleared of iti'l timber
soon as the jobs are goW.
This last (sending theim back? U
explained by the Jap's frugality. He
saves, and goes Into business man
ufacturing, distribution wnd bank
ing for himself. His scheme of co
operation can't be beaten,. yen by
the most penny-ante schemes of con
sumptive Los Angeles.
Labor, ot course, first feels the
competition of the Cooley. but even
tually business becomes "the goat."
so there isn't much fear thalthe
short-sighted big lumber Intetrsts
will put their scheme over.
Since reforestation has been made
necessary by the government to save
the waterways and to provide lum
ber for future generations, we need
have but little fear that the lumber
barons' scheme will materialise to
tbe full of their hopes. ButN"eternal
Lumber Interests, mining, fishing.
hunting and trapping, all belong to
the same category are essentially
destructive. They use up natural
ivsources and make no pretext to
''replenish the earth." When fol
lowed by Individuals, these are bad
enough In effect. God knows; but
when under the administration of
corporate greed they strike at man
himself In their Insatiable avarice,
and. by any means, open or covert,
that will best suit their purposes,
as In this instance, by being parties
to a scheme to tear out the very
hearthstone of the nation that pro
tects them. '
It is this tame characteristic, lack
ot public morals, that peoples our
penal institutions with men ot lesser
parts, hence less dangerous to the
body politic. We control the one
without effort to reform. We pun
ish the individual robber and per
sonal murderer. We should protect
the other from himself and posterity
from his short-sightednets.
CAK MKN TRICKKD.
Fresno Street car men called off
their strike and then called It on
when the company Rave notice that
some of tbe employes will be paid
the old rate.
ISO PKIi CENT NOT GOUGING.
Spokane A ISO per cent profit
is not unlawful, according to a fed
eral grand Jury, which has found
a department store not guilty of
profiteering. The Judge assisted the
ujry in arriving at this decision by
his ruling that the store has the
right to consider present market
Values in pricing goods that were
bought at a rate lower than the pres
ent market prices.
MORK FOK 3IK.VS SUITS.
NEW, YORK. Tit retailer fig
ure on the same profit they are now
cettinr. the nricn of mn'a elntnln
will Increase ujst IS per cent." aaid
lU.tT7 sJLmOB- 'halrman of the i
erlcmr. Cloth!. Designers HJTr
Jn Interview publUhedht '
local paper. a
Woolen company, known aTT
rv,'; ,ho,UB a.
It mills, operating others on aW
time and price. pjd to farmer, w
their wool ha. dropped from i .
yer 10 10 nd
riU.NTKRS iuisk WAGES.
Edmonton. Aha. Althourt" it.
agreement does not expire until a
October, the Typographical naloa hi.
negotiated a new wage scale ot lit
a week for night work and tit rU
day work. iar
Big Interests want Japs millions
tot en to. exploit. J
, vChortly more than halt a centufy
go there 'wag war and devastation
in this country because Identical in
terests wanteoV aiggersM for the
, The lumber business is essentially
destructive leaves nothing on the
land, robs earth of Its resource for
.ends that are primarily as selfish
These Firms Believe in "Live and Let Live99.They
Sales and Service
K0 No. High St..
Tires and Tubes
Insist on Genuine Pord Parts
Fo rd s o n
Front and State Streets
Dad's Pool Hall
Soft Drink Parlor
Basement Masonic Building
Corner ot High and State Streets
serve Labor's Patronage
Our Permanent Policy
We operate all our stores on a well defined plan that assures the
people In every community where we are located Better Service and
Lower Prices. 1
To accomplish our aim we have eliminated many of the expenses
that the average one-store-merchant encounters.
We Buy for Cash.
We Buy Principally from manufacturers.
We Eliminate Middlemen's Profits almost entirely.
We Buy only Dependable Merchandise.
We Buy In Vast Quantities.
We Buy at Lowest Prices.
We Sell at Small Profit
We Sell for Cash Only.
We Sell , at One Price to Everybody.
J. C PENNEY CO.
A . NATION-WIDE INSTITUTION
Store No. IS 2
Children's Wash Dresses
TJnusually Attractive in Style and Price
Cute little dresses for children, 2 to; 6 and the more girlish ones for
the older girls 10 to 14 years, modeled from fast color fabrics ot qual-
. , --:J.: ..ify that will stand frequent tubbing
There Is No Substitute for Batter
MADE IN SALEM
CAPITAL CITY CO-OPERATIVE CREAMERY
The Best Only
IT WILL PROVE TO OUR "MUTUAL" BEKE7IT
We Buy Only for Cash
Sell for Cash Only
Yon eliminate those heavy expenses b I
the credit stores. The lamest and most
complete stock always on liand. Grocer
ies, Dry Goods, ShoesSuits, Underwear,
etc. always for less
People's Cash Store'
Dr. 0. L Scott
The OnTy Straight Graduate in Salem. A Chiroprac
tor remotes the cause of Disease! and Does Not Use
Electricity, Vibrator or Baths. Do not say Impossible.
10 to 12 and 2
309 to 312
U. S. N. Bank
SOFT DRINKS PIPES
KANE & SHAW
DIRECTORY OF SALEM TRADE UNIONS
Name ct TJalgo. m Name of Secretary. Address of Secretary.
. ; ..... ! i. k.
American Ftdtratxt of
Drccoa State Federation
of lbor 4...........
Salem Trades and Labor
Electrical worker a
Timber Workers .......
Street-car Mca ........
a...... Frank MerrUo Washington. D. C
.... Portland. Ore.
O. R. Hartwlc
3. N. Ganlard ........
I J. 8imeral
C Q. Roberts
J. N. Ganlard .......
R. It. Stover
J. E. Hcaaan
Iran O. Martin
John A. Humphreys..
Fred Peterson .......
P. W. Hubbard
Tad Cutler ,
J. V. Haughawont ...
C. O. Gray...
. am K. Front
. It N. Cottaa-e.
. R, F. rx 4.
. 140 Cherry Ave.
. 1111 N. Front.
. CIS & Com.
. State Prtntlar Of flee.
. Manonle Temple.
. 1X15 a Hick.
. Ill WlUon.
. Ill N. Com.
. Ct N. Twentieth.
. I7 N. Front.
. U N. CapltoL
We specialise on the best
Toilet Articles and Requisites
Crown Drug Co.
I 332 State Street
Telephone 367 SALEM. OREGON
Tor Coats. Snlts and Dresses to to the
' . - 44lnMss?J
Salem's Greatest Women's Apparel Store
Welch Electric Co.
: Hot Point AppllsAce'WextlniiOTiia Ijanpi .
American Beauty Irons, Hughes Heating Appliances,
Red Sal Batteries, Electrical Fixtures, a specialty.
When Wanting Anything Electrical Call at
373 SUto Stmt
: OUTFITTERS TO SPORTSMEN AND ATHLETES
Salem Baking Company
A GOOD PLACE TO GO
Have Your Eyes Examined and Glasses Made Work Guaranteed
HARTMAN BROS. CO.
JEWELERS AND OPTICIANS
SALEM :: OREGON
DR. C H. SCHENK
Drugless Physician and Chiropractor
Corner Court and High Streets j
EAT IT EVERYDAY
It's Good for Yon
Manufactured In Salem by
BUTTERCUP ICE CREAM
Made from Select Oregon Apples
1010 North Commercial Street
, pp08lt Oregon Electric Depot
ICE-COLD DRINKS A SPECIALTY
THE ELECTRIC CIGAR STORE
OTTO A. KLETT. Proprietor
47 state street
"STANDARD" and 44 HEADLIGHT OVERALLS and
$2.75 and $3.00 per pair
LEE TJNIONALLS Jl.QO, J5.00' $5.50
SHIRTS SHOES HATS
QrlW3kJ,e Salem's Men's and
UW1C Young Men's Store
Phones: Store 3 tl Green House 311
' C B. Qancey J T
FLORIST AND DECORATOR N
123 North Liberty St.
Lloyd E. Ramsden
Dayton, Columbia and Heavy
317 Court SL
WEBB & CLOUGH CO.
Court Street at High s a i.v.xt nnrr.nv
3C2 STATE STREET
MEALS AT. ALL HOURS , ROOV, tv
HUGHES & TAYLOR
FRESH CONFECTIONS CIGARS
TOBACCO AND SOFT
271 North Commercial 8treet
By Buying Local Products
Fresh, Cured and Smoked
Pure Lard, Sausages. Etc
Steosloff Bro. Market
Court and liberty Sts.. Salem, Ore.