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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (June 20, 1920)
Th tUlnua receive th
wire report ef Ik Associated rrvs,
the greatest aad bmi nlUUi pre
UMcUUoa U la wort
., HAU-LM. OUK)X. hl XOAY IOUXlX(;t JIXK 2Q. 120.
NEWLY ESTABLISH ED CHILDREN'S
BUREAU 'PROVES BIG flimss
Important Strides Taken Toward Furthering Interest in
Child Welfare Work Parents Are Very Quick to
Respond Enthusiastic Salem Women Give Much Time
and Ability in Carrying on the Work.
frt- t x ! 0 .1 .
lurmauou 01 me aianon bounty Children V Bureau in Salem
last fall was an epochal event in the history of ehild welfare work in
wc state, una ueen proven in the subsequent activities and result
obtained by the untiring group of women sponsoring the undertaking
here. These women working in co-operation with the state Parent
Teacher association, with headquarters in Portland, have given much
lime anu energy m me interest of the endeavor.
me men w a permanent cniidren's bureau, where monthly eugenic
clinics could be held, was conceived durine the state fair, when Mr
N. A. Flegel, ofPortland, as chairman of the state educational bureau
wuuuvvu cucuiv vie in u Li 3 1 ra
tions which were so eminently suc
cessful, and given so important a
place on state fair programs.
Large numbers of children were
turned away at these clinics, and tor
their benefit and for the benefit of
others who would be brought to a
clinic, had there been one locally, the
present one was formed under Mrs.
Hegel's direction and that of Mrs. A.
Bayley, secretary of the state board.
Plans were, made at that time for
starting the work in Salem.
' The Salem women 'supervising the
effort are all particularly fitted
through previous work in similar
lines to carry on the undertaking
successfully; The officers have been
associated with the club life and so
cial service endeavors of the capital
city. The president, Mrs. John a.
Carson, was chosen in recognition of
her assistance in Red Cross and war
mother's work. Mrs. E. E. Fisher,
the bureau's vice-president, founded
parent-teacher associations in Salem
and for a number of years was con
nected with one of the city's fore
most organizations. The secretary,
Mrs. F. Von Eschen, has been prin
cipal of one of the Junior high
schools for several years. Mrs. N. E
Abbott treasurer. She has also
held the office of president of the
Highland Mother's Club.
Additional service of the greatest
value to the Oureaa has been given
by Mrs. W. H. Byrd, who has con
ducted the mental tests at the month'
ly clinics. The famous Benet-Simon
test is used by her. She studied this
system at the two most notable
schools in the east which specialize
in mental disorders.
Other women who have been . ot
the greatest assistance in carrying on
the clinics are: Mrs. James F. Elvin.
Mrs. Byron F. Brunk. Mrs. Will Mott,
Mrs. Gail Church, Mrs.. C. A. Smart
Sister Helene and Sister Anna of the
Salem doctors, dentists and nurses
.a . .
nave given ineir services gratis, and
the Salem Commercial Club, and'its
secretary; T. E. McCrosky, has lent
kctrtr (!(Minrttlnn. not nnlv ri-wf-nm
rooms for the bureau a headquarters
but by aiding in a financial way as
well. - -
Two Willamette University stu
dents. Miss Pauline R. McClintock
and Miss Vesta R. Dicks, have lent
their services In furthering the
bureau work, with the object of j
learning every detail of ehild-wel-'
fare, work so that they may carry on
the work in their home towns. Miss
McClintock Is from Weed, Callf.,and
Miss Dick is from Lakeview, Oregon.
. , The Deaconess Hospital has also
' able assistance in the giving of the
services of their nurses, the use of an
operating room, anasthetics and a
' room in the hospital to parents who
were unable to secure services other
wise for their children needing surgi-
' cal care.
Systematic weighing and measur
ing of every pupil in the " public
schools and hot soup and drinks for
school children, who bring their
lunches, is another vision of the bu
reau, and efforts already begun will
be continued in that direction, as will
also, many other things In child wel
fare lines, until every phase of child
life is included.
Children Should Have Teeth
Examined Often Diet at
Root of Many Diseases
Faulty Feeding Responsible
for Many Cases of Chronic
I!y C llysMen Moore, M. M. I.
(Read before the Portland Dental
Society. June 3. 1919)
The dentists have taught the
world two valuable health lessons-
regular examination of teeth and
preservation of teeth through diet.
MEN OF CITY
T. E. McCroskey of Salem
Commercial Club Praises
Work With Babies
By T. E. McCrosky.
The baby clinic conducted In the
Commercial Club by the ladies of the
city has been a source of a good deal
of Interest to me. 1 vas Inclined, at
the beginning, to look upon the move
as a fad and one that was destined to
ultimate failure. My reason for this
was that most clinics so conducted
are merely show rooms where the
mothers of perfect babies carry away
a blue ribbon and the paper pub
llhses the child's photograph as a
perfect specimen. Frankly. I see no
good to be derived from sach exhibits
and am very glad Indeed that the Sa
lem clinic has assumed an entirely
I find that the mothers of babies
are given real advice as to the care ot
MAY BE AVOIDED
IN ALL CHILDREN
Ten Per Cent of Deaths in
State Caused by Dread
Parents Must Use Sound
Judgment in Order to Pro
By Sadie OrvDanbar, ExeraUve Sec
retary of Oregon Tberralots A ma.
In lilt and 1917. the Oregon Tu
berculosis Association conducted a
special survey of 19 coaaUee la order
that they might determine the extent
and the prevalence of tuberculosis la
CHILD IS FATHER TO MAN AND
MUST BE PHYSICALLY SOUND
Parents Have Every Opportunity to Keep Children in Best
of Condition Knowledge Moit ImporUnt--By Dr.
Frank E. Brown, Who Has Shown Unfailing Interest b
the Marion County Children's Bureau,
. ; "
: I ' , .-V.- V
LOCAL WOMEN WHO HAVE
MADE CLINIC A SUCCESS
MRS. W. II. BYRD
Who lias Conducted Mental Tests
One Out of Every Three Chil
dren Suffers From Poor
"John" Great Aid at
Monthly Baby Quaes
4? i m i
t In the various articles In this sec
tion the names of those who have
' aided in making the Marlon County
Children's Boreau a success have
been given prominence, but there is
one other who should come in for
full measure of Draise John Rund
fcerg, the steward of the Salem Com-
- mercial Club. Everybody knows him
best as simple "John." but a longer
title could very well be added
."John lha nhHHn c " For matter
: how many business men's meetings
might be scheduled for the same
date, "Jbhn" has always been right
on the job, on clinic dates, from the
time the women first began arriving
with their babies, until the last test
: had been made; and without this as-
' sistance It would have been impossi
ble to conduct the monthly clinics of
. NEXT CLINIC THURSDAY
The next baby clinic win be- held
Thursday In the Commercial Club.
There is still room for more babies
to be examined at that time. The bu
reau will Dossiblv have a soecialist In
child feeding to lecture to the moth
ers at this time.
1 It has only recently come before
thev general public that one out of
everKthree children in the United
States Is laboring under a physical
handicap. This means that if you
are a parent, you stand one chancei
in three of having a defective child.
This fact was brought before the
people of the country in an alarming
manner when in the examinations for
the Student's Army Training Corps
one applicant out of every five was
reported unfit for duty beause of con
ditions due to malnutrition. Almo?;
every case could have been corrected
during school life, and the boys could
have developed into splendid vigor
our young men, had their parents
realized their condition earlier. It
is for this reason that eugenic clin
ics are receiving an impetus all over
the United States.
Mal-nourished children may look
well when dressed, and in conse-
auence receive no special care. If
the child falls behind in his studies.
and snows disinterest in ouisiae ai
falrs he is more than likely relegated
to the "laxy" class. Oftentimes the
pressure both at home and in school
is increased until the child becomes
a nervous wreck.
There has been a great deal of mi
understanding of the causes of mal
nutrition. The doctrine has been ac
cepted that the condition is mainly
due to poverty and an inadequate
diet. Lack of sufficient food Is not
necessarily the cause of the condi
tion. As many children suffering
from the malady are found among
the rich as among the poor.
Careful examination reveals the
cause, and whei removed the child
resDonds quickly- in weight and
All children who are habitually s
much as 7 per cent under weight for
their height are mal-nourished. This
degree of under weight means that
the children are at least awhole year
below normal standards which they
ought to obtain. In other words they
are stunted, and will probably remain
so unless the limiting causes are
found and removed. There is always
a cause present.
Not all the symptoms of malnutri
tion are apparent, but there are
few like restlessness, nervousness
peevishness, talking In the sleep, for
getfulness, and kindred ailments,
that should alarm the wide-awake
In this section of the Statesman
there Is printed a table of weights
(Continued on page 3)
Physicians interested in preventive.
medicine now wish to extend this
habit ot regular examination to the
rest of the world. We are glad of
your leadership and want your as
sistance. Together we can Improve
the health and physique of our pa
tients. Today I wish to review for yoa
some of the progress in dietary re
search. ', It we go back ten years In
our study ct nutrition we find tbe
subject had not advanced much since
1 8s 0 the time of the famous chem
ist. IJebig. who believed that the
essential constituents of an adequate
diet were proteins, fats, such carbo
hydrates as starch and sugar, rer-
aln mineral salts and water. At-
water believed confidently that en
ergy or calories, protein value and
digestibility were the three factors
which determined the combination
ot food stuffs so as to obtain proper
nutrition. Until recently In this
country we have had available and
at moderate prices all cereal grains.
garden vegetables and fruits, as well
as meat and dairy products. So
MRS. K. E. FISHER
Vlce-PrrrnkWnt of Chi)dmi,i Barr
infants; that defects In the child are
pointed out and that the remedy Is
suggested by a competent specialist,
thus giving the parents an opportun
ity to know and have corrected sach
imperfections or detects as might!
prove detrimental to the future nor.
mal development of the child.
I am pleased to state that the ex
amination and lecture work. Is vol
untarily done by some ot the most
capable physicians and nurses in the
Iclty and the benefits accruing to the
community are very great and many
fold. One great benefit, looking at
It from a purely economic point of
view, is that a higher type of phys
ical manhood and womanhood Is be-
(Contlnued on page S)
is not eiranre mat so long as we
were eating such a varied diet we
did not discover that the protein
content, calories and digestibility
MltS, F. VOX KSC1IEX
Secretary of the Dareaa
were not the complete story in nu
Certain diseases such as berbert.
reuagra. ricxeis, scurvy, are asso
ciated with faulty diet. Beriberi has
been common for centuries among
the rice-eating people of the Orient.
The Japanese laborer and the poor
Chinese have never attained the
size, nor have they progressed In
literature ana science, as the peo
ple ot western Europe, who have
had a more varied diet.
Atwater and all other chemists
back to Liebig were mistaken in be
( Continued on page 2, 3d Section)
Oregon and that they might have
authentic facts and figures to prevent
to the State Legislature la support of
a taw authorizing the county courts
to provide county pabllc health
erses and county tuberculosis hos
pitals. The law was enacted aad the
statistics still prove valuable.
One striking revelation of the
summary of these surveys was that,
by far the largest number or cases
were found among the housewives
aad studeats. In great eastern states
aad cities this Is not true. There we
find the highest percentage usually
among tbe workers la the dasty
With tuberculosis responsible for
10 par cent of all dvaths la Oregon,
we must pause aad ask If we can af
ford such a toll, especially with the
knowledge we have that It collects so
heavily from our women aad children.
We know that the surest weapea Is
edacatloa ot the people aad through
them the education of the state.
Every man. woman aad child should
be taught how tuberculosis Is com
municated, also the quite simple
measures needed for protection, and
the outstanding note of the necessary
educational campaign ahould be pre
vention. Prevention la education and
The wise saving- "that the child it father cf the man ta more
true now than when it was first said. The child of tMar aarame
tasks which in former years were onlj undertaken by men. If the
young" man la to carry out the required mental and social program, he
must be physically fit. Every part be f unci ionic f, all physiological
processes well regulated. Should locomotion be curtailed, that which
counts most for manly strength, will be modified- If digestion is
impaired, malnutrition during growth will dwarf every vital function.
The time was when the man you met rrprrsented "the survival f
the fittest.,, Now many survive, but all are not kept fit. la th
wilds of Africa, It Is estiasled. that
pee ceat of all lafaau die before
the ace of 2 years. TV cssm glrra
are lack of ptrrstal afVrUea. ii -
noraace aad iWt In the pootrr
slam aad teaesseat dUtrfets c or
Urgejtlee, chU4 as ort &l:!y very
greet. The cans given are over
worked aad nader-fed pereau a4
no home la akh le rare far IVair
yoeag. Aaiea lae Ule rteh. the
deth-rate for the chill la very high,
With pareaia vliutd by eanxie, the
hahjhood aad childhood aa4e ab
normal by lads!, it eeay swe
enies to diaeeee aad la sasde earn
for the vigorwaa activity el ye in.
with the majority eer people
eee two estreat cewdUieee e net
prrvau. There are aaore Mirt; par
esis than weak , there Is sm-
rieet food, aad there are cwmfertaUe
bos. There la tatelUgvat e-rrUVt
aad lev la r parealal rare.
Omr preats aad fevfeiac ttW
ta la eowatry. with aH tu IIw iq
of per air. pleety er go4 wb
so food at regular bowrs aad phys
ical activity, rweuired. ta a
are. for lh saislsc of a L'nu-
hood. W Bvw la reanaed quartern,
ssaay ad our hrs are r?t is sisr
iy-vreuuid ressas; ear f a ta
cs4t, aad efu atLt4; r
im I aaaatsrsJ aad U ewTO
cteat. l saaay Ua elr a444 t
tallgwe frees saeatal atrala, la the
foe of lh facta it as wa tkat we
Py eueaue to ta ahteet detan.
that we ar held our ewa. ta spite
of the handicap.
Jst or two of th detaUa,
T la drrlpisg human hag. y
or gtrt. an ta layilMs mi ku Lfe
eosse throes h his epertal saa. TVs
moat lapnaat f theee are iag
sad heartag. XerataXy a clOd re
cetvee more than hif of hla edaca
tloa tarewca his mi eUbt. Ilia
stady la tools ad picter. hi
haewUdce aad appreciaU ef th
beaaUfal. la Lh Mi, ais ahiUty
U meaaur sU a4 shap aad prw
poniow; aatsr I haew the im
ewalty f thlaga. aad the graadare
of a Cd-iv werVa. Ka of the
mere eowUal aad e4srta txim$ are
sttaJa4 thrwech ta heartac 'ho
can eUmale Ue efteel mi s
matic. or ef soc or of the m4sU:d
voico apea a chU4-ea treaty, ayprwval.
admoaiiloa. rvprwaJ: ran we wh
are s aacwarVealy blind with
aormal r a4 r. rlu how
rnech ef 1 a aaaa to h anrf
The lafaat who U Wra with af
U 7 aad ear, wai wua t
eaey hi asm dletaat lUimm, aaC
acal hrtsc as lee a h iiM
Th faacuoew at aelawaauc. la.
jary or umm are th e!y .
Uoe whua aa4ify thw. It to
It to w eftew . tovmr iv.i .
stnhlac detect! a4 (ic4 atU
th child com nader th
of th teacher er th etVrei
MRU. DTROX F. IUICTiX
la CWgw ed An rwhUcwy
Clinic SUrtcd Eirfy LutJtH
By Those interested in
Quid Weliixe Work
Eartr last fall a K roe mi we
who for some time had been latr
ested la child-welfare work. mt is
th audltorlam of th Salras Coat
mrclal clab to dlscas th orcaalta-
Hob la Rlm of a straitttl hre
to carry on th work locally. It was!
MltS. JOHX II. CXIuMJX"
Pmtklewt of Chtkln-a Ilarraa
MRS. JAMES ELVIX
Ardent Worker for Child Betternscwt
Phooe by S.U3I STUDIO
iilh. (iAiL tununf
One of the Orlglnetor of the Ilarraa
It should begin in home snd school.
In th horn th public health
nurse Is Invaluable. She carries
there, saowledge which means longer
life, better health, fewer deaths ta
childhood, la youth. ad In tbe prime
of life; less disease, fewer dollars
spent and leaa time lost for sickness
knowledge which ipeclallsts have
gained after long aad expensive re
search. The public health a arse do not
wait for th baby to get sick before
taking na Interest In him. She bo
( Continued on page 2. 3d Section)
the Idea of tale group to eeUbllih
recalar aaoathly esgeair cliatcs as a
aacUus for farther activities. The
efforts were aot to be pctacler a
aay sae of the word, but were to
b put forth solely for th better
meat of child llf ta Usrlo eoaaty.
One lh Idea was given pahlvcltr
pareat all over th roaaty rpol
ed la a remarkable maaaer. earprt
lag eve a th most aaagala hop of
th worn a vitally concerned. Th
first cllate was aaaosacd for Octo
ber 29. aad when th dsi arrived,
nearly eerenlyfv bablr- had ba
rKttered by th ecrary. th aamr
poo Mac la from city. hatt aad r
ral ditrVt. Mrs. X. A. ntl. aad
Mr. A. tlayley. prvrid! aad rr
tary tf the Slat Pa rent Teacher As
sociatlo r( Portlaad. wr pr-t
to imIiI. Sat even with their skU1d
aid. tbe namber was so great that
th hour was vry 1st whea th Ul
baby was riaauy examiaetS. It was
derided to limit th imWr f rcl-
trsttoa at fature cllalc to thirty
flv. th number sever rearhtac aer
thaa thai ta th following five l:atr
that hav bea coadacted.
It has been th aim of the barest
to reach. th babl who wr aiUag
not merely to local th perfect b-
bmm la the county, and that tils
could be doae. th April cllalc was
pi add e pec tail 7 for tble of that
Over two headre bt( hav
been evamiaed slace the cftelcs were
started. Official score cards are seat
out each month shortly after each
ezamlaatloa date, to all children be
tween the ate of C avoatht aad
years. At nearly every cllalc. how.
ever, children beroad th as llai't
hav been brought la for etaaUaa
lion, aad hav ba give thoroarh
tets. althoagh no scor card eoaVJ
Th records show that th most
common defects are those rotaiag un
der measurements. Neil comes eye
ear. nose aad throat tests, aad then
Th Jan cllalc will b held Thurs
day afternooa. Jane 21. from 1:2s
to S o'clock, la the Commercial OeV
Nearly a fall cllalc Is registered, but
there are a few varaacto
(Coatlaued oa page 2)
This la th large epportaalty ef lh
Cowaty Child's Dare to edacat th
Prnta lo asprwut the ehOd who I
e thsa worsts epeiny In th
Ihlacs which s-ertsis t his special
Babies Who Take Hizh
Scores ta May CCm'c
Mary IHUaheih &emader. acor
. at 14 moaiha. dasghter ef Mr.
aad Mrs. IV as a K. Cemaader. 2S
X. 21st street.
Laerear Cartls Wlddoe. scor
. as H saatka. soa f Mr. aad
Mr. C C WUioe. Itl t Msrtom
riovd r. rWhsefter. rwe J. tr
C moat ha. soa of Mr. aad Mr, r. F.
fkhaeffer. Ill . Cammerctol afreet.
IHloa Hewitt Xw. cor f. eg if
months, son of Mr. aad Mr, wm
vr. Reate I. Hav, 119 A. Jtsleaa.
Martha is a Mathews. .
see 2 4 moatha. daeshter ef Mr. aad
Mrs. R. U Mathews, fsIrvWw avea.
Mrto lVeraic Las re. rr 9IH.
sx 2 f taoath. dsarhter f Mr. 4
Mr. M. ft. Lae. Kot f. Dox SI.
rraace May UUakeashlp. cr
tl. ace I months, datrtter of Mr.
aad Mr. J. P. lUaakeasklp. Rente 3.
Dos 244. lem.
Itruce Woodferd. acor tl. are t
moatha. soa of Mr. and Mm. 2Ula
f. Woodferd. 297S Marloa street.
Andrew parta. acor l. ago 1
moaths. soa of Mr sJ a t
Part. 11 S X. 2 4th street
Jam Kreas Anderson. rar tl.
sg 12 moatha. soa of Mr. aad Mr.
J. W. Aadersoa. 291 X. 24th street.
Robert Lor Johasoa. acor IT H.
age t meaiha, soa mt Mr. and Mr.
(Coatiaaed a page 2 . .