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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 13, 1920)
THE OREGOX STATESMAN: TUESDAY, JAXTARY 13. 102O.
MESSAGE OF GOVERNOR
IS GIVEN TO SESSION
(Continued from page I)
of many injured workmen, who are.
lueapacitated lor any length of time,
are browvlit to a dgrM of iint;tia!
rloiitd not prevail when the state
has undei 'ia.k'ii iot nrovide' for it
Whei) tli. li'fclslaiure ; w,is in w-,
s'imi a year ao, the prevailing opin-1
wax ll.r.l the cost uf living would
noon Iwin t" uee reuse. For that rea
Mn. it was not considervd; necessary '
at that lime to make a material in- '
crease-in the compensation benefits.
Jwo fhaiu" were made, one incrcas-i
iiig the amount to be allowed an in-1
jtired worker, for his children under
JtJ yer of age from u to $S peri
.When the members of the rom mar lie made without an increase ipcetn.i
infs&f.m brought the "situa tion. to m ;ihe rates of i-oiiiribuiiou to the iu-
utiention. WeHded it would not he dtistrial aevldent fund ly the cm- j
jnt nor fair to' these t-uneiers to pioyers or employe ut tne state.
In tl.ew frop.fu f-'
'advance to the mate ech year suf-!
, of relief Unit-Mi luiid lo -.e I h titer: oj-l
' ...1 t -- lit.. ii l.fc' . . . 4 k - ... -,4 ll.uf lh.1
r.Ulli ill lOUMt IMU lr HOIUieiH, H7U-Ill M3ie V.-IIUB. Ill uiur. .
rrs and marines I desire 4o direct . nate nia st ttul in TMifdtlrin of e;uai-
walt another year nntil the reffimrj- Tie special romrntttee rc uniiifDUH jmir auei.ii.jn w an u-i:md i nriuuir in ihimihi mi im-uv ""
. .i thn LiMii.iim.. ut. .ml. I I ihm ihi- im rrnu kIihII In- emhi.die.1 ' ;u-eei;f.rv i; con iie i,n with c j i rv- . w It han t expense to it. However Mo
meet to s;ive i hem relief. It is a
condition which should he remedied
As lh! work Mien
'in an emergency no-iism . and shall , ing out the provisions of the '.ill
'upplv lo all pavmenL falling due he- .nailed hy the people w the special
,twwn Heceber 1. l!l!. ami June
law was originally drafter hy a com-; U uddition to an i-m i m itcy in
mittee representing the employers. ( rPiis,. jn ih cninpensation lenefil.
the einploes. and the pntdic. I called Ithls special committee nioiiMiiemls
for a commit lee representing ihes ! that an act ! paere-tl pivinu .uithor
three interests lo consider the pres-; jt ,0 ( t, industrial accident com
ent situation and make rei ommcnda-' lmSSjon to expend a portion of these
tions to this extraordinary session of f un,s r)r the v.atlonal rehablll
the legislature. ' tailor of injured workmen. It Is
This ron.mitw-e was composed of . intended that the commission shall "the first
five niemhers selected by the organ i-i turn its e-ftcrts to re-storing perina
zatioii represent inR the employer of j nently maimed men and women p-
ttiO state. Iivo selecUHi ny in- organi- jstuon or seii-suppon wni-ie inej ni
. .! t. .. ...-. IT
-.moutto, and the other providing thai J"110" represen ins . e ..ps,r u. . ,
U iL.r.- for ,nM nariinlithe Plate, and five sele'ted by myself j lmitief, in their rommun.iy.
aWl.ilitv jshiiil he in addition to the I to iiM'iesent the public at larsc. j. Industry
amount aid to the injured workman
for tpinporary time bss
Y IVDli ltie fnvl nf hare neeeaail ie
continuously on the increase, condi
tions in the homes of injured work-
,nien continue to grow wrse. and the i
number of appeals to the Rtate in
dimtrial accident, commission from
Injured workers or their wives for
prater assistance (frow In number.
with its modern tnacliin-
i Increase KecMiinietiel jeiy and snefd of proJiMiloit. is pro-
This conimitiee of fifteen met. and ducing more cripples thsm all the
has unanimously recommended that ! warti ihat have been TouRht. A? the
n rui inirsiu rwi- ion! he mnile ! result of industrial accidents men
on all compensation payments dat
ing back lo llecember I. 1519, A
careful investigation into the funds
available to the state industrial acci
dent commission indicates that this
Increase in compensation benefits
"Nowls theTime to Do It"
i i i
says the Good Judge
Go to real tobacco
the small chew with
the rich tobacco taste
that lasts a long time.
It will cost you less to ,
chew than ordinary
tobacco. Any man
who uses the Real
Tobacco Chew will
tell;you that. .
. A Put Up In Two Styles
RIGHT CUT is a short-cut tobacco ,
W-B CUT is a long fine-cut tobacc"
are lo.-oju; ineir arms, or legs, or
yes every week in the year. It is
rijiht lhat these industries, function
ing through the state industrial ac
cident commission, should aid in re
storing these cripples to sufficient
earning capacity to enable them lo
be self-supporting citizens and not
dependents upon society.
To da this it will be necessary to
re-educate many of them, or train
them in. new lines of endeavor, and
while they are gaining this new ed
ucation or new training it Is neces
sary for someone to support them
and their .'amilies.
I am already informed the com-
irussiori is obtaining good r.fult in
the rhvsical rehabilitation of injur
ed workmen, and that the commi
rion contemplates Immediate expan
sion or its eTforts alon ibis line.
The cnmniiofcion should be "'yen riu
ple authority and the rignt to use a
sufficient ix'rtton o( its funds to car
ry on this work.
k I fullv endorse the recommenda-
ions of the special committee. aRl
believe tnte will bo no hesitation
on the part, of any member of the
legislature in thus meeting a situa
tion which- affects so many thous
and injured workmen and their fam
ilies. .Approximately 2:1.000 industrial
accidents, affected by the workmen1!
compensation law. occurs in Oregon
each year. Considering the familfe
of these injured workmen, it is es
timated tbat between "0.A0 and 7."..
000 persons will be directly n-n-
u. ; lertlon last June exietidum fin 'n
U'lal aid for the, edti rati 011 of soldi'-rs.
-aili.rs and marines who parti. ipat-l
in the gr.at war.
lNder that bill a levy of two
tnths of a mill on ihe d-dl" of
total taxable propery of the stito
Is to be included in tbe stale tx
"evy annually. This l-vy approxi
mated slUhtly over $ 1 !is tiOO.ono for
year. Th;M amount is fa-
below the sum which will be re
iinlrcd lo carry out the provisions
.l the act. In fact, it has developed
on ihe basis of an estimate ii:h'
:i. the stcretary of stale's rbffU
hat the sum raised hv the twiv
tenths of a mill levy will just about
aav the bills tA ine lust of Janu-
ar,v this ye:.rith no actual iunds
left available to carry out the nd
minisira'ion of the act during ihe
balance of .1920.
As you will -eniemtr. Ihe bi'i
provides for the nayment of $2-" a
month toward the -duca'.on ed e-ich
oT these men. but not to exceed a
total of $200 in any on year for
any one nnn. 1 ms provide tor am
during but -i?ht i: onths ot the ver.:.
("onse-uueritH-- we must make provi
sion for eight mopths of the year
Kikure Mount llljlh
1 reftvl that I cannot Ive yon
exactly u.iinite figures at this tim.v
The nuuiiK-r of applications for this
aid fluctuate. Some-who have a pi
:ved for md have dropped out. or
probably a ill drop out. Hut on br
other hand new applications hav
K'en fil?J. Hy as careful a survey
ah possible under the circumstances.
JiUe Rec'":ttr' 01 ..'lie o;.ce now
tsiimat-a that t4"i.u will pro-.-.
iMy mee:. the bills ruing undet
the provisions of .thip act ftr the nir-
r lit yea-. I make no suggestion m
;,. the nessity loi r viJing funds
t.T to th time th? :uxt iegislatu"
meeri. wli ch will 0 after the fi.t
ct next vear. derail w oh January 1,
1921. a n?w un of mon y will le
vallable from the wo-i,iiths of a
mill lew which will llJe ,ver
ituittion until the regit. 1 r session
cr.venes in that e.ir.
I wih to call your attention lo
the fuel, that the emerg'Micy- board.
y ... h
The competition that exists among the
hundreds of -meat distributors, large and
small, means . -
, j Rivalry in Prices
Rivalry in Service
Rivalry in Economy
' Rivalry in Quality
Swift & Company sells meat at the
lowest possible price, consistent with
quality and service. Our profit of only a
fraction of a cent a poun on all products
is evidence of keen competition.
; Swift & Company must provide the best service to
your dealer or be ;will. buy from our competitors.
This means a supply of fine fresh meat always on
hand for you at your dealer's.
: Swift & Company must keep down manufacturing
and selling costSjand use all by-products to avoid
waste, or. else lose money meeting the prices of com
petitors who do. -;' - '
v Swift & Company must make its products of the
highest quality, or see you turn to others. This
means better meat for you and a greater variety of
appetizing, wholesome food. r
We are as glad for this competition as you should
be. It helps to keep us on our mettle.
Swift $: Company, U. S. A.
definite pioviMiiM cuv.thiK HIM l a i
lure was included in the ajienduieni. j
A men I men 1 l l-fetle 1
The copliiulional amendment al vi
requires Ihe district in ,I.-H with;
ihe slate treasure 1 riilfcaies of m 1
d. iileelness. which le-ar tnti i--i at
r. per cent pe-r annum, both jrlnci
al anel interest payable after tu'
irrigation r drainage district l.ndi
have been paid off.
A jitatuf shouhi theref-ire fm- en
acted auihoriini; ih Irrigation an.'
drainage districts lo enter int an
agreement with the staie lo advance
to the slate semi-annually the int-r-eft
on di-dtid bonds, the proceeds
of which in used to pa.- inresi on
district bonds, and shonld also pr--V'de
iht th- fundi' so advanced may
Lc credited on the luterst accruing
on Ihe district's certificate of indebt
edness filed with Ihe atate treasurer
The Irrlga'i m securities -ommisio!
should alMt be fdlly authorized to
eniiT Into riich contract, in order
tr.at any suesiion as to the legality
ol such proceedings le eliminated.
It may be desirable to frame a new
constitutional amendment, se) as to
eliminate le obleetionable feature
of the present amendment. . The on
ly result .of a failure to adopt suei
n amend n ent would 'o Jeav
the uresent amendment In effect.
Capital Punishment Since the ad
journment of the regular session in
191!t a wave of crime has swept over
the country. Oregon h?s suffered
from this criminal blight and during
the cast few months the r-ominlssion
of a number of old blooded and
fiendish homicides has arouwd ou'
DeoDle to a demand for greater atul
more certain protection. Of all our
assets Uiat demand protection and
conservation, none is greater in val
ue than human lite. Th first objc
of onr laws shonld be for its pro
tection and for thai reason 4 am
submitting to you at this time some
revoiiimendations relaJiv to our
criminal an1 penal cod which I
trnat 'will have your most careful
llecause of a perU-s of dastardly
homicidal offense a dlMrttcf public
sentlmettt hns developed tl-at the pe-o-
ple of the stale should once more I
clven an opportunity lo pass upon
the question of the restoration of
cardial nunishment and that ther
Eyestrain is the secret of nearly all eye troubles and eye-
t train, let it be explained, is not a disease to be overcome by.
drugs, but is a mechanical delect to be corrected by glasses.
The strain on the eyes, nnder conditions like these, whether
you are conscious of it or not, is so grtit that it cannot be
borne by the eyes themselves. So nature, to prevent optical in
jury, transfers the results of such strain to other orpans-and
most frequently to the nervous system.
So, when trouble exists, do not neglect it.
Neglect not alone means added suffering, but added ex
pense in correcting later on.
And unless an expert examination be made, no one can be
certain that the eyes may not have some undiscovered defect
Therefore have your eyes examined even though they are
apparently well and strong.
It should not be postponed until impaired vjsion, or eye
trouble directly manifests itself, but should be doae.now.
If you come to me I can tell you in a very fw minutes if
your eyes are well, or if there is any latent delect or weakness.
If I tell you there is no trouble with your eyes, you will
have the satisfaction of knowing your eyes are right. If, how
ever, there be any defect which needs correcting, I, guarantee
to lit you witn glasses that will surely correct it.
DR. L. HALL WILS
; Fits Eyeglasses Correctly
210-211 U. S. National Bank Building
of the situation that I should be no unnecessary delay In
" "- - . . .. I. . . ... l . V
1 1 o. ;- ..lrn.tv linn allowed ine I DrinninC mis oueswon ueime uir
incurring of a liability in the sum j electorate.
of $300,000. Ah you are aware cer-1 SecUI Kleclkin Urged
titicates of Indebtedness, allowed oyi lua,,,. this ur?ency 1 am lak-
the emcrnency tooarel. near tnieresi 1 Jf Jbo ,iberty of jnipgesiInK that
at the raie of 6 per cent until Pad.lh niaUer of rerallnK the prfsent-
lf an appropriation is made at thU
special session to cover the amount
that it will be necessary to expend
ir administering this act during tb
year of 192 0. several thousands of
dollars in Interest will be saved, in
fact a savinR which. will in a great
measure, at leastTtoTer Ihe cost of
this 6pcUl legislative session.
I also resj)Arully your atten
tion to tne faiji that the emergency
boar haueffiaitted Jsuance of
cerifWates of indebtedness in the
Mini of $10,000. that l iw ?niorcement j tef
work may be further carrtea on oj
the executive office. Alto an au
thoriration of $100.1 was made for
the grain e'epartment of the public
aervice commission. If flat appro
priations were made in these
amnnnts Interest payments likewise
could be voidet h certificates of
indebtedness in "such aums.
in'maklns the appropriations men
tioned It Is neeessary ior you 10
know that funds will be avauaDie
so that you wHl not Infringe upon
he provisions of the 6 per ceni nm-
M.Mnn amendment. At in- time 01
reparln this message u vas im
rosf Ible to ascertain Just Ve amount
that would be available lor yonr
disposition owing to the 'act that
fipures were not obtalnaM- from all
it is tne inieuuon 01
constitutional inhibition on caplUi
pnnishinenf and eua-tlng wieh
amendments to our orcanlc law in
that rexard as may le defined prop
er. be submitted to a vote of all ot
the people of the state at a special
election to be held in connection-with
the regular primary elections on Fri
day. May 21. of this year
At mv rcouest the attorney general
h.. examined :lnttf the legality, of
ttuMi 11 .orh h-ctl lectcon
marr day. He advise me. that ar-
a thorougn examination 01 mi
he Is satisfied anch an election
the total sentence of a reasonable)
nnniber of days far good conduct.
but this deduction ' should Ik nomi
nal and not sicn a tfcidoctloQ as to
ruahc any decidedly appreciable re
duction In the sentence.
nbi men t . Not SurTicicBt
For all glasses of crime other than
those enumeritteel, I won Id still leav
the functionliwr of the- parole law.
but with such amendment as I am
about to suggest.
For those of yon who may not re
member distinctly the provisions of
that law I will say. In brier, that for
.11 offenses, except mur4er or trea -
on. parole privileges are allowable
upon the expiration of ono-fourth of
the msximum sentence, minus de
duction of certain days as credit for
While I Would make the law ap
plicable for all cases t-xte&t in the
ctses of men convicted for the grave
crimes against fh person, which I
have pointed out to you. I would
increase tba minimum sentence al-
tnay b held without Tear of Jeopard- lowpd ,0 one.halr ,he maximum to
Uiag the validity of such eonstltu- 8nper.ede the one-fourth of the max-
tional amendments or statutes as mnni nQW anowed. I still would
may be. enacted at that time, lie !eaye n ttteet the rredit allowed
advises fur.ner. howtver, that to le- tQf f;MA conjUct. Granting of aacu
gallie such -in election would re-iuire credJtll is excellent in theory and
a special legislative, set. . - A has worked.wri! in practice.
Tho altrney nenerai nav caneu i- minrmtii inleoce of
tcntioii to the fact that followlng.the
abolition of capital punishment by
the- enactment of a constitutional
(mendment ;o that effect, the legis
lature repealed a nunvber. ot atatutes
which provided for the carrying out
0; the deaJh penalty for coT.ml.slon
of certain crimes.
Aa n result, he noints out. to
merely deal with the constitutional
phases of the question would no?
-gain plac capital punih:nei.t in ac
tual one ration. To meet' tb situa-
secretary of state's orfice however, j on he has RUgKeted that the legis
to have aa. nearly exact, fiures -as Jattire ,t this esion. r-enat -tho
possible for presentation to y nir 1 Q,d Btatutes. or replace them wtta
grit means coiuittee at an early date I h Rv lh itaigUture pursuing
this course, whatever statutes might
be enacted would become effective at
and means coiuittee
this week. ' ,
From pure estimates made at the
time of the nreoaration of this mes
sage it seemed likely there would be
from $200,000 to $500,000 accessi
ble from various sources during the
current year .wnicn couia oe urwH
upon bv legislative appropriation
wltnoui vioiaiinn -inri -
ihe letter of the lr cent limita
State Guarantee of irrigation none,
interest Article XXl-b of the cop-
.iit.it Inn was adoptea at me pe-iA
election held on June 4. ,1919. ami
provides for Ihe payment ny iae
sUte of Interest on Irrigation and
drainage district bonds fbr any one
or more of the first five years aUer
their issuance. The irrigation se
curities com mission, composed of the
attorney gtneral. auperintendent of
banks, and the state engineer have
encountered many obstacle in the
operation of the provisions of n
amendment, and while a number tf
ohanireit eould be made to advan
tage, ft being a constitutional amend-
such time as the people remove the
constitutional inhibition against th
Vhll it la a matter so.ly of kg-
IfdalUre. determiuaiipn. .1 woula ,be
e.pposed to Ihe calling of a special
election to be held upon any other
than primary election day. To hold
rmh an el?ctlon upon any niher day
would entail an expense of approx
imately $100,000. or possibly mor..
Held upon primary day me election
tnat.binery ised for the primary elec
tions could be set under way for the
special election and the expense to
m . .i.ii. tt onld tte t.omfnal at th."
T'aroie tixle Too Iflcit
Ciiminal Ij.'gislation While
touching upon the question of capi
tal punishment 1 feel H incumcnt
upon me l. further mention some
phase of criminal leKUtion which
I deem of Mich urgency as to war
rant your s-rions thought. These
if commendations also deal witti m
The mintmum .nenleoce or one
fourth of. the ruLXloium. as allowed
by the law aa it bow etsnds gives
an Inadequate degree of punish
ment. As a concrete example, a mail
sentenced to ons year In the peni
tentiary Is entitled to parole at tlv
expiration of two and one-half
montha. when he i given the bene
fit oT his gooil time credits. To;
throws the parole board Into an Im
possible position. Unless recogni
tion is given for exemplary conduct
the. advantages of the Rood tlni
i red its are minified. To gtve such
recognition relucea the, sentence to
a travesty. The solution Is in a
much loneer mlalmum. Hy liupo
Insr the longer minimum the courtu
may take Into account the gravi.y
of the offence in Imposing septtr'e.
the offender is given more. nearly
thnt degree of punishment which tho
crime calls for. and the good credits
faatnre gives the prisoner soincthJa;
rraeticnl to work for.
In furttrr explaining my reasons
for these proposed change I wlsa j
tot 5 ay primarily that a far as pa
roled men the-tnselre ar concerned.
Ihe parpl system haa been In th
tnin a success. A great majority
o paroiea men nave niaae gooa,
lo speak in their own parlance. Cases
r.f genuiae reformation sre frequent
and many of them hare been evceU
lct citizens of your state for years.
Function l Isualtle
In punUbing crlssinals society baa
two functions to perform. One It
for ths protection qt society itself:
the other the reformation of the
criminal. Society owes Its firt duty
to itself. For lhat reason a criminal
who commits a grave crime a gains;
the per son should be sentenced
for a definite term and shonld b
compelled to serve that term, nnles
his Innocence is later estaMiahed.
Because some of that class of pris
oners, "make" good upon parole la
not complete solution of their
problem. ,, The fact that many ot
such prisoners, by- operation of the
parole law Itself, are allowed to en-
Joy parole privileges, sometimes aft
ter comparatively brief periods of
rnearceratlon. has a decidedly bad
effect on the potential c rim I sal. l!r
sterol and unyielding application ot
the law In the cases mentioned, th-s
potential criminal will realize what
is awaiting htm If he oversteps the
bounds of the Aaw. Rigid enforce
ment of the penalties Imposed I be
lieve will result often In staying the
hand that otherwise might be raised
to rob. to attack" or to, kill.
On the other hand, reasonable pa
role privileges, with a minimum suf-
flcien to insure ample punishment
for the 'lesser crimes, will trad to
satisfy the demand for reformation
(Continued, on rage C.1
ment. it cannot e changed by stat-l Mfety. 0f the jjves of our citizens and
nte. However, it can be supple-1 ( onwinent-v are of paramount im
mented by legislation to advantage. I -,anc
In order to pay the Interest on ais-i n wa.rhing the operation of the
rlrt bonds, the stale Is authorized I Uw of 1910 wj,, careful
to Issue state oonas anu te r. 1 firs, jjand purvey I am sansiiea mi
Its provisions are such, in many par
ticulars, as to have a tendency to
ward placing the lives and person?
of our citizens in Jewirdy. -
l wlh to respectfully recommena
that vour body so amend the parole
i- that lt oneratlon will le sus-
Hnded and that it cease to func
tion entirely as to all persons con
victed of commission of the graver
crimes against the person. In my
oninion the law shonld be so amend
ed thst flat sentences be Imposed In
ei where conviction haa been had
on charges er homicide in any de-pm-
raoe. where violence is an
element 'f the crime: robbery of
nv rind: burglary, when armed
m-iih a dangerous weapon. There
vn t ni eslliation of such offenses
ih l would have the word go forth
that Oreron will in the future meet
such offenses with a flat penslty that
will te carried out to the ena. ui
niv mitigation I would suggest
would be to allow the deduction from
to have been the intent of the con
stitutional amendment tnat irnga
t:on and drainage districts should
Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets Get
at the Cause and Remove It
Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets, tlje
substitute for calomel, act gently on the
bowels and positively do the work.
People afflicted with bad breatlf find
quick relief through taking them.
Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets are a
vegetable compound mixed with olive
oiL Tbey act gently but firmly on the
bowels and liver, stimulating tlrcm to
Batural action, dcahng the blood, and
purifying the entire system." Tbey do
that which calomel dues, without any of
the bad alter effects. Take one or two
every night for a week' and note the
pleasing etlect. .10c and 25c a box
What's the nte in hay
ing a coiy home an in
viting .dinner iplegdid
1 i g h t a " comf ortahle
chair a friend to drop
in if yonr home is nol
warm and comfy.
Better order ytrar Coal Now, $10.50 per ton, up. Delivered
LARMER TRANSFER CO.