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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1918)
TTTE OirrOOX TATTMAfi TIKSDAV. XJVKMIIFR20. 10 IK.
tfe American Bed Cross in P
MUCH TO ITALY
; : IN MOUNTAINS
Recapture of Trcntino Re J
- ' moves Ever Lowering
ri ;y ' Menace
GERMANS ARE AWKWARD mH J$JM
Use Blundering Tactics Dur
ing Long Rule Over the
Top of Peninsula
By the time the armistice with .
Austria went into i effect, Italian J
troops had already pushed far north
into the mountains of the Trentino.
The" region west of the Adlge had
fallen Into Italian hand., many Aus
trian strongholds had beenl yielded
up, and patrols were cieepdg along
the river in the direction oi liolzano.
In a word. Italia Irredenta was vir- j
tually won back. When three o'clock
struck on the afternoon of November
4, .the Italian army staff was in
headquarters in the city of Trent.
The recapture of this severed por
tion of Italy means the achievement
of a hope which has been cherished
by the Ita'.Ian peple ever since the
premature peace of 1866 left a num
ber of Italian provinces under Aus
trian domination. It also marks the
culmination of one of the most ar
duous undertakings ever attempted
in modern warfare.
Tnent, ati'rnunaea Dy mountains,-!
a characteristic Italian ritv of 30.-!
000 inhabitants. The Trentino dis
trict is occupied almost exclusively
by Italians. Even the last official
l . AUBiri&n census, cuiupiieu vj irn-
I na, admitted that 370,000 of the
380,000 population were Italians.
Tllva, on Lake Garda, and a doten
other cities of the region have Ital
ian populations and are full of ex
amples of Italian architecture and
art. And it is not only the cities
that are Italian. The surrounding val
ley and mountain slopes can scarce--
ly show one German for every thou
' It is one of the anomalies of his
tory that such a province should
have ' remained for over a centnry
n.ider Austr'an rule, but it has been
highly prized by the Hapsburgs be
cause of Its military and strategic
possibilities. Italy has bitterly re
lented the exstence of this mountain
ous wedge, barbed on all side with
fortresses, projecting into the midst
" of the Italian plains. As one Italian
Journalist expressed it: "The pos-
session of the Trentino for the Ger
mans is like the holding of an enor
mous foot-shod with mountains, up
on the neck of Italy.
'Austria's sway has been Irksome
mni. solely because she has menaced
Italy In a military way, but also h
which she has dealt with her Italian
provinces. In some respects, (he dual
monarchy has been, stupidly brutal;
la others It has been rather adroit
From IS 66 to 1917, the regions of
the Trentino and the Julian veneto
4iave been carefully watched for evi
dences of anything that seemed like
the beginning of a revolution. Indi
viduals suspected of being agitators
were imprisoned, banished, or. in a
number of cases, executed. Schools
were Germanized, newspapers, books
ana piays were censored In the strict
est manner, and every expression of
Italian allegiance was stifled.
In addition to these blunderine ef
forts to re-make the Italian provinces
Into faithful German subjects, the
YIenese authorities must be credited
with a certain degree of cleverness
in-stimulating Ill-feeling between
some of the subject races. In order
to. avoid the danger of any union
ftmong then against Anstro-Hungar-tan
rule. It is the old Hapsburg
game of "divide and rule!" Austria
is accused of having practised this
poJUey extensively among the Jugo
slav and Italian Irrldentists. Th
result has been a wave of antagonism
between the provincial Slavs and
Italians who, by rights. o.ght to be
allies and friends. The wisest lead
ers among these peoples recognise
the futility of bickerings about the
Adriatic lands, but the distrust sown
h largely by Austria will be hard to
Italy's campaign in. tho war ha
oeen attenoea witn serious dlfrieul
tietcThe exigencies of mountain war-
. - -r - J
. . .Is&fo
m , iff iTO
rain, felS W
1 Amtrtca'n Rad Cross haadeuartar In Jamialam, naar tha Jaffa gata. Scena
ehetegraphed upon the occasion of tha formal opening of tha building. July
2 General Allenty arriving for tha Fourth of July celebration of tha American
Red Crosslin Jerusalem. Received Dy bo:onci rmicy. neao o ins Mmmn
aion to Paleitino.
Fleelna beforo the Turks, thle Syrian family owning Urge aetata aast of the
Jordan, find camping place on the Mount of Olives. (Photo from American
4 Orohan children. Syrians, Armenians. Jews and other nationalities, are cared
for by tha Syrian and Palestine Relief Fund, assisted by the American Red
Cross. In the Austrian Hospice building In Jerusalem.
5 when the children fled from Es-Salt. aast of the Jordan, to Jerusalem, their
teachers followed them in their eailo and hero are few of them. (Photo
fram American Red Cross.)
s The Bishco of Jerusalem (central figure In white) who attended the formal
opemng of the American Red Cross activities In Palestine, July Fourth.
7 Armenian refuaeea from far-away provinces in Asia Minor touna sne
Jerusalem and were fed and clothed by the Syrian and Palestine Relii
assisted by tha American Red Cross.
s formal 2
hotter In I
lef fund, 2
Near the Jaffa gate In Jerusalem
Ktan!4 the l;ealiuarters of the Am-rl-'-i!i
lted Cris.s In Talcstlne. Terliajis
j on -know, perliss Ju do cot know,
that followiug the reclamation of I lie
floly Land by the British troops un
der the lealerliip of General Sir 1M
mund Allenhy, the American I ted
Cnss was early In liie fi I'l to carry
with Its great Imitiuiiiiarinn activities
The coininlssiciu bended by John II.
Finley. state commissioner of elu-a-tion
of New York, other membera le
' Ing K. St, John Ward, Major Waters
and Major l-mtensteln.
Heiieath n larin sun. . itli no boom
ln of cannon; except Mint which came
ooasion:il!y fi-om tlie front out touaiil
Jericho. arriM the liHIs, the Americnti
Red Cro firmally inaugurated Its
work In I'altmtine and celebrated the
National holiday on July Fourth. Ca
blegrams, many dnys delayed, told of
the celebration at the time, anil xmsv,
after devious wamlerUigs en route, the
account of the. affair in detail tins
readied the national headquarters of
the lied Crois In Washington. K C
together with a group of Interesting
picture, (some of which It would seem
vvt-re liierally taken from an Illustrated
elifion of the Holy Bible.
The mission of the American Hed
Cross to Talestine is tK-st es'plained
briefly -Jn. the words of Colonel Finley
on that memorable day In his address
of welcome to General Allenby, the
honored guest of the occasion, which
in part was as follows:
We have brjpht surgical and med
ical supplies, nexdlcal, engineering, in
dustrial and social skill, material for
raiment and for the establishment of
GL7 . .-r SWfcrV j F i--, l i , - v-; t-x I
WJJ 'i. i-r'
Industries, plows, water pipe, sanitary
equipment and much else, that have
temporarily congested your railroads,
but will ultimately contribute, as we
hope, to the rehabilitation of the land
that has In many parts been iennltted
to deteriorate till it seems that Isaiah's
prophecy of destruction has come upon
Allenby Welcomes American Red Cross.
General Allentiy, In khukl and cover
ed with dusi from his ride of twenty
miles across the hills from general
headquarters, was a powerful figure in
t'.ie uisungusMiea nssenij.iae. A man
with a determined face and with the
kindliest ejes. he is just the tyje of
commander the civilized world would
wish to lead it in the recovery of Its
Holy Ijiml. In replying to Colonel Fin
ley'a welcome, he sitoke briefly, in port,
as follows :
"Much 1ms been done In Jerusalem
since I entered here In company with
the heads of the French and Italian de
tachments on December 11, 1017. At
that time the American Military At
tache accompanied me, and 1 remetn
lcr that he assured me of the very
special Interest of America In the cap
ture of Jerusalem and In the future
development of the country. Though
there were no American troops partici
pating at that time, for America had
not declared war on Turkey, yet 1 was
assured that the heart of the American
people would resiond with peculiar In
terest to the apfeal of the new oppor
tunities for the development of the
Sacred Land. There Is Inevitable a
certain amount of destruction In war.
You have come to help set right the
wrongs and to rebuild what imUnry
force has destroyed, and It is for th!a
work" that we particularly welcome'
your co-operation.' 'I gltod to greet
the Americans to Jerusalem and esj
clally the members of the American
Red Cros Commission to Palestine on
this, their National holiday."
Since the inauguration of the work
on July Fourth, according to recent ca
ble advices, the American Ketl Cross
has extended Its territory of service to
Include all of the occupied area binder
the control of the British, of uldcti
General Sir Arthur Money Is the mili
tary governor. This means a colossal
undertaking and one which It Is Impos
sible to visualize at this ditunce. It
means that la Jerusalem alone the
American Bed Cross hospital, which,
by the way. Is located in one of the
spacious buildings of the Bi;ss:nn Coin
jmund. Is filled to tts capacity, that tho
bacteriological laboratory Is In full op
eration and that a children's hospital
of twenty beds has been opened. In
addition to this two hundred patients
are cared for dully at the clinic and
GRAND MUFTI AND KADI OF JERUSALEM WELCOMES
AMERICAN RED CROSS COMiUSSIOH TO PALESTUiZ
about fifteen hundred Moslem, Jewish
and Christian women alike In a large
field of occupations, embracing spin
ning, weaving, knitting, dressmaking.
basketry, rug making, manufacture of
mattresses and other bedding, lace
work and embroidery. In Jaffa a sim
ilar work Is being carried on. and at
the Armenian camp at Port Said, where
about seven thousand Armenians are
assembled, the ItediCns is actively
engaged In Industrial, educational and
Co-operates With Zionist and Catholic
And the Commission has rot neg
lected the vacant lots of Jerusalem.
They have set the people to work cul
tivating the vacant lots of the ancient
city, much after the method employed
by the Junior Bed Cross Membership
in their war gardens, and oxen are be
ing supplied on rental for plowing.
Of course there Is the American Bed
Cross Motor Service In Jerusalem, and
practically every car Is employed In
. t .inl. . I .1 1 :
t II UII!tHJI uiifc uik ntruuiit-u i i:mmi-
dlspensary, and ti.cdicnl scrviee U also cr from villages within motoring dis-
. ALL CHILDREN LOVE
given In various children's institutions.
On. the crest of Mount Zion, sur
rounded by a beautiful garden, an or
phanage has Iteen established this U
the girls' orphanage. A boys' orphan
age has also been oict)cd. Including a
small school for the blind. Approxi
mately four hundred children are be
ing looked after in these Institutions.
Then there Is a day nursery, conducted
along lines similar to those in America,
for tho accommodation of children
whoso mothers are employed during
For Busslan pUgrb.v women, strand
ed In Jerusalem, the Bed Cro-s Indus- I liberal upport to well organized Catb-
trlal department conducts two large oli: li'itntlotis.
; workrooms r.nd several village work-j A real Innovation In the life of Je
shops. F.mplo meiu Is ghui to ris;!i':u has been the organization of
lance of Jerusalem. Flans are under
way to send the Mobile Medical Unit,
together with social workers, to the
Nablus district In ancient Schechetn,
and another group of workers will be
sent to Bs-Salt, leyond Jordan, to re-
' turn with five thousand refugee to
whom the Bed Cross has been minis
The Commission Is working In close
co-operation with the Zionist Unit,
which Is ministering to the Jews, and
is supirt!rig the Syria and 1'alestlne
Belief orphanage which are raring for
tlv tiiimlri,! finihnn If I fitssi "ivtfi
Of all the interesting speeches that Lave tcn tHrrl te tU
American Red Cross Commission to 1'alcstlne since the formal 'pe
of the headquarters on July 4 last none has sun-aed that of the Oraad
Mufti of the Mohammedan Community of Jerusalem ! j'islniDess of
phraseology and Oriental charm, delivered at a rerptktw wbKfc be
tendered the Commission at his home late In July. TUe ; U ta3
Your Excellency, the Fres'.dent. and Members or the Americas) Red
Cod has created men varying la character ss much as they vary
in appearance Some are wicked, others good; some are plou. others
Impious ; some cr mischievous, others well-doerm.
Those to whom he wa well disputed be made do good; thoee pre
ordained to do evil, do eviL This Is the law of Cod In this ercaUoo.
and no one can change Il!s decrees.
No one can dispute the fart known to Cod and cmflnrwd ty yor
noble history. Oh, cltlxcns of America, that out tf cuu;-rf sad
charity He created you to do good to humanity and has, through jou,
always accomplished good work, keeping jou Innocent of all eH duing.
Joy and gladness to you and may Cod b pralr! who slwwrra
good on those He desires. N one can wuoder at this when joo are the
Children of so generous a Mother, the great nation. I mean Ores I
Britain with her glorious past and exalted g'ory.
When gold Is found In a gold mrae no ote wonders. When things
are found where Nature Las placed the.n, again no one womb-ra. A
cup can only yield what It contains. Su?n cubs can only be the off
spring of such Bona
Your good works cannot be counted: that yon stndd extend your
arm from beyond the seas to grasp the band of tlt Mtt.rr. full of lot
and compassion, for one reason only, to further the cause of it op
pressed and to turn atide with blows the hr.nd ef the erf rr' r in this
bloody and fearful war. the l.ke of which r.mn has ner " lfre
and. by God's w Dismay never see again, such glory and honor before
God and man will sufT.ce.
To extend a helping hand to the children of Syria and Paleattne
In your native land, America, wa not eno.:gh. but yo nave crossed
the sea and desert and undergone the bsr-l-liij-s of this present time te
succor the poor and hoiodi-iitwt and orphan of all rate.ln and,
more especially, of the Holy City, the City of Prophets of God. where
we are all now united.
On behalf of these In general, and o V.lrmi in particular. I bum
tncet.se on the altar of gratlttsde and pray the grcal Gl to snake joe
a good reward, defend yoa frcin ccry !. make your t-ticolut un
dertaking successful and hasten the days of peace wl.i.h we all awsll
I c!oe by praying for Id Majesty. King Oeors and Id nation.
fr the President of the United States. Mr. Wi;..n. and b:s countrytaeu,
and for all those who love gd and peace. Amen.
on advisory Belief Council, with rep
rcsentatlves of all relief organisation
Wi tlie Jerusalem tone represent.!, ni.d
n tiit-inlter of the American Bed Cru J
Cimmi.siiii as thairman.
Many other service ore In oj-m-tl.
and In hit nn-ently cnl !! r-irt
Colonel FinUy states that he I" -p
eiioll.ef A:oern-nn Be.1 l'n. nait faC
t'jlesiine will le sit.t !.riieL for the
fif-d of sucji Is i:re tl nn tUtuSled hy
tin r-o ry f ile nd-h-! area. "It Is
!l e t-f way to gi e nppi to the AV
!i-s in t'.f ir i-:. rf ,tl u-l aa-leC
'ot-ir.ll AMet.'-y," he j;s In oncla-
; VSYRUP OF FIGS" FOR
- " LIVER AND BOWELS
no n- -- .
liivo (t when feverish, cross, bilious, !
for -baa tireaih or sour
hook at the tonaue. Mother! If
coated, it Is a sure sign that your
Uttle ono'a stomach. 1 ver and how
els need a gentle, thorough cleansing
, at once-
Whon peevish, cross, listless, pale
oehn i sleep, doesn t eat or act nat
nrally. or Is feeverish stomach nour
breath bad:- has stomach ache, sore
throat, diarrhoert. full of cold, rive
a fraopoonful of "California Syrup
of Fi,?s." and in a Tew hours all the
foul .constipated waste, undtzested
fool and sour bile gently moves out
tf Hs little liowel without Kriping.
and you have a well, playful child
You needn't coax sick children to
t:iko this harmless "fruit laxative'
they love its delicious taste, and it
always makes them feel snlendid.
Ak your. druggist for a bottle of
'.'California Syrup of Figs," which
tiaa -'iHreetiona (or hatilx lillrlrii
of all aeu and for grown-ups plainly
rn1he bottle. Beware of eounter
' fetts sold here. To be sure you get
the genuine, ask to see that it is
niado by "California Fig Syrup Com
p;ny Refuse any other kind with
fare have forced the Italian t-oops t I
contend not only against superior
Austrian forces higher up in the hills !
but also against rock precipices, ice'
slopes and freezing weather. In three I
years of continuous, obscure, hand- '.
to-hand righting all along a chain i
of forbiddingly rugged mountains oc. '
cupled even to the loftiest peaks, thel
Italians took from the enemy 4.489
officers and 169,836 private soldiers.
Some idea of the engineering feats
involved can be gleaned from the
fact that it was necessary to build
l.ri0 kilometers of entirely tew traf
fic road and to swing 1,500 kilome
ters of telepheric cables from cliff
to cliff, for the transportation of
troops and supplies.
The problem of roan-power has
been acute. From tho beginning of
the war,1 Italy has called to arms a
little less than 5. 500.000 men and
has suffered a loss of 1.500.000. In
the recent fighting on the Austrian
front Italy has had at her disposal
only 54 divisions with which to op
pose 70 divisions of th.i eremy. t
is also said that the forces sent by
Italy Into France, Albania, Macedon
ia, and Palestine have been greater
than the combined forces sent into
Italy by the Allies. Until the con
clusion of the. Austrian armistice,
there was not a single existing divi
sion of Italian troop which was not
active in some one of the theaters of
la the matter ft Industries and
natural resources, Italy was not welljpvrn 'once again. The ftal'an flar
prepared to enter the war. She lack- . which floats over the newly won
ed coal, for example. In spite of j Trentino will be hailed with the great
laese various nanaicaps, Italy has I :t : s ....... ri v... ,.,u,.u.
fnrt, -. v., . 'they have always been thorouhgly . bad breath or other condition au'd
wg!i fi.i- C!t Tn I Itallan "Peech. traditions, and Pa-. by flowed digestion, a Foley fa-
ner bravest flentine men hit Wn . , ., V . .
... ----- a .iriniigm. Tlurllf l:il.:r win p ta i.rfiliint r,--
i j lief. It is a gentle, wholesome. thr-
wy . ioughly tleanfirg physic that Uave
Anaal tCOlball Lame n ba.l afl r-cff. cts. J. C. Perry.
In't Invite m Cold or the Grip. '
If you feel "stuffed up." bloated. '
bilious 'hmeiiid or have slrk head-!
est satlafr.ction by the population, for : s he. s'ur FtonuKh, routed tongue.
soldiers from the unredeemed prov
inces of the Austrian Tyrol. The re
occupation or these lands merely
means that Italy has got back to her
EAT ONE TABLET AND
. INDIGESTION WILL GO
aK's l)iacpiiii instantly
a distressed. npet
Lumps of undigested food
pain. When your stoinarh
gassy, sour, or you
heartburn, here is
P7 f-wm rA rm $ Cifilrlnn
1 l.IIU Ul UilVCIIVII, ... ... . .
siiAKUTwv. or. Nov: 2 .-(.spec-l W or Work Requirements
Just as HKn as you eat u tabht or
two of Pane' l)j;n iiiii nil llii lv.
pepsia, IndiKipn and stomuch dis- Putnam, full inrk.
tress en'is. I nese pleasant, harmless
tablets of Pape'a I)iaiepsin never
fail to make nick, upset stomachs
feel fino at once, and they cost very
little at drug stores.
iiil to The Statesman The Silver-
ton high school .boy and the high
fthool alumni bo are planning for j
their annual lord hall game. It bus
been the custom for a number oi '
year. to p!ay this game on tho after
noon of Thanksgiving: dav. In sDite
if the fart that ncurlv all of the old r',r''
. . i. . ... ' r eiitoti
oo-oau rs an: in me army or 'rn
ab to play th- iiliimni boys intend
to .cent the hg!i schol challenT.
I and play the game. The prs;dhlr
lln-nn tor th'.o-hiiM sho i'ys
will be: guards. Ilarvy Jack and
Clarence S-bn .enter, (iuincy l:ivis:
tackles. Victor Mads n and tJnil
Jones; ends. Milton Knanf and Alvin
Are Met by Polk County
i DALLAS. Nov. 1. t Sp rial to
The statesman I - Polk county has
1 again gone over the ton in tb n-iiie
1 war wrk cainpiieii just ended ac
cording to a report lued bv II. I.
county (hairman for the
diie. Polk's iiota was I.7"mi ami
the rnite iiiooiint with Mme to .ptre
was coiitributed by the loyal iitixens
f the county. The school children
I'd their share in the lainLiirn. the
Falls Ciy school being the fiit to
raise its n'lota of $Loi.o. The oio
ta for the h.ill.is high school was
t-ey rT - f
1 7' vi
arpTea wurv Jim
the other night
ran up against the shock of his life.
fC5si r: I
1 e-. -V
Jim knows tobacco. And
before he got through, Jim
made the fellow admit
that Real Gravely tastes
better and gives a satis
faction you can't get out
of ordinary tobacco. A
small chew of Gravely lasts
so much longer that it
costs nothin&extra to chew
this class of tobacco.
tl face fmrtkrrlket't e-
rmm frt the fi Ittf tU
feiiarcc truhtmS txtr ntt.
i 1 1. L. .. . t. . .t . . ..
- ..... . , i oni iMM'-ie i ne en-l 01 incriin-
llobard: halves. Alfrc4 Jensen and- i .i . . . .. . . . .
....... ' . . . . ... MUKI1 lilt- rilIM-llh II. I U a I'M.U
Wilbi-pi r-andel; (iiai l rlta k. Homer J(.
Tliese bova ari scattered somewhat
but it Is thought possible to get them
together as most of them are attend
ing collegn and will le home for the
Speaking of the famine abroad
t'ernuny. could the people mor
there, using the irrnanilar of tail
way employes. m refer led to us a
"htrins of empties:"
Real Gravely Chewing Plug
each piece packed in 3 pouch
STATESMAN CLASSIFIED ADS-ONE CENT A WORD