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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (June 30, 1918)
niyiMl"M E!VESTHE LEASED WIRE REPORT OF. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS; THE GREATEST AND HOST RELIABLE PRESS, ASSOCIATION 1HIHE MElD
- ' ' - - X . r . ... ' i
1ATYGUTH YKAlt-Q. Ka - 8ALKM. UKrXlOX. hT.lAY MOHMXU, Jt XK SO." 1PIH. . .. , . rrtTWiTrT5
AR&IY BILL IS
No Specific Directions for
" Raising Army of 5,000,000
Men Additions Made to
VOTE TAKEN WITHOUT;
A DISSENTING VOICE
McCumber Amendment Re-
. ions Authorized.
WASHINGTON. June-29. In pass
ing the twelve billion dollar army
-appropriation, bill today' the senate
emphasized sentiment for enlarging
the army beyond the three million
men provided in5 the measure, but
declined while awaiting the war de
partment'; Dew expansion program,
specifically to direct the president
to raise an army of 5.000,000. "
After a week's debate and wlth
. out a roll call .'or dissenting voice,
the huge supply measure a world's
record-breaker was sent to confer
ence between the two houses, with a
lew- to its enactment next Monday,
when the appropriations are needed.
4 Several Items Increased.
.None of the appropriations for the
army's part In the war for the fiscal
year beginning July 1 was reduced
by the senate. Instead It increased
many items, approved without change
the house clause clothing the presi
dent with unlimited authority to in
crease the army by further draft
calls and added scores of important
A- futile effort was made today
by senators desirous of specifically
ordering an army Increase. An
. amendment by .Senator McCumber of
North Dakota, proposing to "direct"
the president to enlarge the army to
five million enlisted men as speedily
as equipment and clothing could be
obtained was rejected, 45 to 19. and
an. amendment, by Senator Fall" of
New Mexico, proposing an increase
of 3.000.000 men went out viva
voce. "V--; ; -.."v". -
j"'Many senators, however, fearing
this , actios, and the rejection yes
terday of the Fall amendment to ex-
- , (Continued on page 8)
If Interested In
A handsome lot of Black
Chiffon and Suiting Taffetas
in a wide range of qualities
-IJfi to 42 inches Vide, at
$1.50, $1.75, $185. $2.00,
$2.25, 2.65 a yard.
Black Crenes DcChine and
Georgette Crepet unusually
: 'good .' values all 40 inches
wide, at $1.65, $1.95,
$2.00, , $25 a yard.
Black Silk and Wool Poplins
a beautiful, also a very 'dur
able fabric, much in de
mand at this time 40
inches wide $1.75
$2.J5 a yard. "
Stayton Water Power
Company is Dissolved
Resolutions of dissolution wer
filed at the office of Corporation
Commissioner Schulderman Satur
day hy the Stayton Water Power
company and the following Portland
firms: Botsford-Tyler company.
Portland Police band, the O. K. Bar
ber shops, and the Arleta Land com
pany. J. Q. Mack & Co. of Portland
filed resolutions showing a decrease
of 'capital stock from $100,000 to
NE WYORK, June 29. President
Wilson today approevd patriotic par
ades In connection with conventions
of representative men in a letter to
Fred aHrper, grand exalted rulT of
the Reneolevnt and Protective Order
. ITALY SAFELY
General March Announces
Arrival of First Ameri
r can Contingent
I WASHINGTON, Jane 29. Safe
arrival In Italy of the first contin
gent of military force which will rep
resent the United States was an
nounced today by General March,
chief of staff. Sent direct from this
country, the troops landed yesterdajr
to supplant others ordered from
France by General Pershing.
Sanitary units compose the great
er parts of the first arrivals but
"other special units" also were in
cluded. General March, reiterated
the statement that the bulk of the
competant American troops going to
Italy will be sent from the western
front, their' places being Immediately
taken by new regiments from the
"No definite plan for the increase
of these forces from the United Staes
has been reached," Secretary Baker
said later, in commenting upon the
announcement. 1 "It should be em
phasized that the shipment of fur
ther increments depends largely up
on future developments.
FALL KILLS LIECTEX AXT.
HOUSTON. Texas, June 29. Sec
ond Lieut. Edmond R. Cole, of Jer
sey City, N. J., was killed when his
airplane crashed to the earth one
mile northwest of Ellington field last
night. Lieutenant Ronald Knapp
who was also in the "airplane, was not
hurt. The airplane was wrecked.
NOW IS THE TIME TO. GET THBI
We make a specialty of Blacks in fabrics
of all kinds, and altbofjgh it-may seem a
little Rtrange to suggest them in midsummer,
don't delay your purchase because these are
the best qualities obtainable and -our prices
are below jnill quotations today.
lack All Wool Dress Good and Coatings
such as Serges, Poplins, Gabardines,
Mohairs, Batistes, Hairline Serges
A wonderful and immense
stock priced at $1.25 toj
$3.50 a yard.
Black Dress Satins suitable,
for all uses in Coats, Suits,
Dresses and Trimming, etc
-J$6 to 40 inches wide, at
$1.75, $1.05, $2.25, $2.40
$1.35 a yard.
CLOSED A - X
AIL DAY . )
Manufacturers of All -Basic
Commodities Charged with
Greed and Barefaced Fraud
REPORTS PADDED TO
Protest Made by Big Com
panies Against Discover
ies of Commission.
WASHINGTON. June 23. Profit
eering on a tremendous scale in
piactically alt the basic commodities
of life was reported to the senate to
day by the federal trade commis
sion as the result of an exhaustive
"Inordinate greed and barefaced
fraud as well as "war pressure for
heavy production, the com m lesion
repotted as the causes. '
Reappraisements of properties
were made by great concerns when
it became evident that the govern
ment was about to fix prices on a
basis of return on investment, the
report, said.' and salaries, allowances
and expenses were in many instances
padded to show incieased cost of con
Five Manipulate Market.
The outstanding feature of its in
vestigation, the commission report
ed was the evidence of a tendency to
Increase and maintain prices against
the force of competition. Of all big
profits disclosed by the investi
gation, the report said, the ptofits
of the meat packers and those allied
with them and by the flour millers,
stand foremost, despite the fixing of
prices by the government. - -
Manipulations of the market by the
five great packers Armour and
company. Swift. Morris. Wilson and
Cudahy the commission asserts,
"embrace every device that is use
ful to them without regard to law.
' The report charges that the five
concerns have monopolistic control of
the meat Industry and "are reaching
for like domination la other ' pro
" 9140,000,000 rocketed.
During 1915. 1915 and 1917. the
report said. these companies
The experience with steel, flour
and coal, says the report referring
to price fixing, shows that a high
stimulating fixed price, while estab
lishing an ascending market pro
duced an econimic situation "which Is
fraught with hardship to the con
suming public and - with ultimate
peril to the high cost companies
through such power of their low
Where the government has fixed
prlcs on the basis of fair return on
net, investment, the repoit hints at
padded depreciations. Increased sal
aries of officials, new. construction
charged oft as repairs, fictiuous val
ues on raw materials and manipulat
PACKERS MAKK ItEORT
CHICAGO. June 25. Sharp re
torts were made tonight by represent
atives of Armour and company. I or
ris and company, and Swift and com
pany denying charges of profiteering
made in the report of federal trade
commission investigators at Wash
The packers statements declared
the present Is no time for any one
branch of governmental activity to
strike at the? packing Industry as It
Is trying to supply the American
army with meat. The statements,
too. called attention to the fact that
their profits were but a fractional
part of a cent per pound of product
and directed attention to the prices of
meats to consumers and the prices
paid for livestock to Indicate wheth
er or not the packers have been prof
iteering. FRANCHISE LAW
TO BE TESTED
Sait Against Spanieling Log
ging Company and Ser
vice Commission Begun.
J. P. Logan who has operated the
Kings Valley Flouring mill on the
Luckiamute river in lienton county
for fifty years, and who more than
half a century, ago built dams to
furnish water power for the mill
has Instituted Injunction proceedings
against - the Charles K. Spauldiar;
Logging company of Salem and Vat
public - service commission and will
test the constitutionality of the boom
franchise law passed by the last leg
islature.' - r- :
Suit is being brought in Polk
county and the defendents are. cited
to" appear within twenty days.' Ac-
' (Continued on pago 2)
Two Stretches of Road
Approved by Government
Government approval has been re
ceived ' by the state highway com
mission for grading -the Union
Telocaset stretch of road in Union
county a distance of six miles. The
estimated cost Is $30,000 to be shar
ed equally by the state and the gov
ernment. Approval also has been re
ceived for the Elgin Mlnam improve
ment of 93 miles between La Grande
and Enterprise. The state and the
government will share equally the
estimated cost of $42,000. Bids on
this project are now being advertis
ed for and will he opened at a meet
ing of the commission In Portland
NTRSIXCi SC1IOOLH OT OPEV.
NEW YORK. June 29. An army
schoool of nursing with branch train
ing centers In various military hos
pitals throughout the country will
be established Immediately by , the
army medical department, according
to announcement here tonight.
COAL SOON TO
Fuel Administration Now Pre
paring Orders for Man
ufacturers. ELECTRICITY AFFECTED
Unnecessary -Use of Display
and Advertising Lights
to Be Checked, f
WASHINGTON. June 29. Reduc
tions in the quantity of coal con
sumed In the manufacture of electric
ity and gas will be put into effect
soon by aa order which the fuel ad
ministration announced today lslnl
preparation. The fuel admlnlstrajT
tlon'i announcemen that details have
been worked out,' says In every city
and Tillage electricity Is wasted.
The country needs now and for
the whole prelod of the war will
need mora coal than It can possibly
produce and transport," says the
statement.; "Confronted by this con
dition.' the fuel administrator will
order radical reductions In the
quantity of coal consumed In the
manufacture'of electricity and lllural
natlnc ass used for the ' purposes
specified. While the official order
has not yet been signed. It Is ex
pected that It will provide for closer
restrictions tn the new England
states. New York. Pennsylvania. New
Jersey. Deleware, District of Colum
bia and Maryland, than In other
states where the transportation of
coal Is not such a tremendous prob
lem. - '
In any case It Is expected, the
order will provide that' no theater
or other outdoor lights shall be turn
ed or until the street lights shall have
"Unnecessary daylight use of elec
tric lights and electric advertising
displays will probably be shut off al
together. The order will deal also
with store window light and will ex
tend to all kinds or fuel. Including
gas and oil.
TAKEN IN RAID
San Francisco. Apartment
House Gives up Three
Active LW. W.
RAN FRANCISCO. June 29.-In a
raid late tonight on apartment house
In the downtown-district, the "neu
trality squad" of the police depart
ment took three men. said by polle to
have been among the most active I.
W. W. propagandists on the coast.
They were Herbert Stredwick. secre
tary of the Pacific coast headquart
ers of the I. W. W.; Fred Landers.
awitlng the outcome of a deporta
tion charge laid by U. S. Commis
sioner of Immigration Edward White,
and John - Dymond. under indict
ment In the federal district court
at Fresno In connection with the
burning of hay barns in the Mo
- Dymond Is said by police Captain
J. J. O'Meara. head of the neutrality
squad, of being the chief sabotage
propagandist of the I. W. W. in this
section of the country. The men will
pro baby be arralnged. Monday.
nix; no convict idextified
MA DILL. Okla.. Lougious Mc
oill. a nerro convict. 'said to have
been Identified as the man who at
tempted to attack the wife of a for
mer Uvlng near here, and who later
is said to have stabbej the woman,
inflicting' probable fatal injuries.'
was lynched early today by a mob of
500 persons, according to informa
tion received here tonight. -
Sunday fair; moderate
winds. - ' 's "
Days of Youth Lived Again
When Pioneers Gather in
Willson Park from All Parts
EVENT OCCASION FOR
REUNION OF FAMILIES
Dinner Served Out-of-Doors
and Informality Marks
In benediction not heavily, as
that of an oppressor the hand of
time rests upon the heads of Oregon
pioneers. If the hundreds who gath
ered for Salem's home-coming yester
day fairly represent ' the f orelopers
who tamed the wilds of Oregon In
the years agone.
Few there were who had not seen
their seventy winters, one was a non
ogenerian and one sprightly woman
with queenly white hair was the first
white child born J a Salem, seven ty
seven years ago. but all of them
lived anew the days of youth. They
sang songs that the younger gener
ations did not know, they recalled
the courting days of half a century
ago and joked at remembrance of the
frivolities of yotth as if they had
occurred only last week. When the
Tlands were served on table spread
beneath the trees I Willson park
those men and women In their CO's
and ?0's and SO's ate with tkt ap
petites of plow-boys and hired girls,
and. after dinner some of those old
chaps smoked cigarettes with utter
abandon. ... .
Waa First White Child.
In the past there bss been some
dispute as to'who was the first white
Child born In Salem, hut all doubt
was dispelled yesterday. That dis
tinguished person was on the grounds
sad she Is Mrs. Maria Campbell
Smith, now living In Portland. Mrs.
Smith was bom In Salem in 11(1.
seventy-seven years age. 'Time has
dealt kindly with her and she talks
like a girl.
One of those who reminisced yestar
day was Glenn O. Hoi man of Dallas.
Mr. Holman Isn't so old. but he re
members a long wsy back at that.
"I Just saw Hattie Looaey. said
Mrs. Holman. "the first Urns in forty,
three years. She nsed to be Hattie
Clark. I took her to a party in the
fall of 74 and that was the last Una
I saw her until todsy. I knew her
the minute I heard her voice and It
didn't take her long to recognise me
either." Mrs. Looney lives at Jef
ferson. Oliver Beers rsn Into an old neigh
bor he hadn't seen for sixty years,
A. N. Moo res and Justice George H.
Burnett had the history and records
of nearly everyone present at
tongue's end. They pointed out A.
B. Crossan who came to Salem sixty
years ago and engsged la the mer
cantile easiness and was afterwsrdi
postmaster and fire commissioner.
There was A. F. Teatoa. the oldest
msa living who ever ran a famltare
store In Salem, and Dan Bass who
was born here, now one of the own
ers of the Hotel Fry In Seattle. San
ford Watson, when asked where bis
present home Is. said: "Anywhere
my hst's off. He came In HO, but
has been passing recent years la Los
Chamherlin UrU Meet.
Yesterday's home-comlag was the
occasion for many a family reunion.
For the first time In years the six
Cbamberlin sisters were together.
They are Mrs. O. A. Waller. Monroe;
Mrs. Charles R. Weller. Ra!m Mrs.
George WBelt. Spokane; Miss Ellen
Chamberlln, Berkeley; Mrs. J. L.
Sennits. Portland, and Mrs. Charles
B. Moorrs. Portlsnd. AH formerly
lived In Salem. '
Among those who have attained
distinction since leaving Salem and
who came home yesterday were Ste
phen F. Chad wick and M.-rk Fuller
ton. both members of the Washing'
ton supreme court and residents of
Itwas a happy thought of the
committee to place on the program
Mrs. Hallle Tarrlsh nurd all. While
the pioneer folk were 'on the sunny
side of middle lire they heard Hattie
Parrisk sing as a girl and when they
heard her again yesterday they re
marked that her voice had lost none
of the richness of years gone by.
.I jtfst know everybody here, and
I wish they would never go away.
said Mrs. -Durdall - almost tearfully.
"Whyv I have known them since 1
was barely big enough to walk sad
I want them to stay right here.
Etrarskm Forewooa Feat a re.
Automobiles awaited ' the trains
yesterdsy and upon their arrival lan
the forenoon the visitors were taken
on a motor excursion 'about the city
to note' changea that bars ' taken
place since they left to make their
homes elsewhere. The automobiles
brought up at Willson park where
dinner was served, followed by the
' ' The program of the af ternooa op
( Continued on page 2).
NICARAGUA TO CELEBRATE.
MANAGUA. Nicaragua. June 1
The president of Nicaragua haa de
creed the Fourth of July a holiday
throaghout th republic "as a mark
of homage to and admiration for the
United States as the bulwar kof de
mocrack with which Nicaragua la al
lied In the great war. -
Military commanders are charged
to celebrate ' the day with due so
J. A. 3UTCHELL DIES. '
RIDGE FIELD. Conn., June 2S.
John A. Mitchell, editor of Life, died
at his summer home here late today,
following a stroke of apoplexy suf
fered earlier in the day. .
HEAVY HAND. OF
UNCLE SATiI FELT
- - - - t
Local Restaurants and Drink
ing Places Losing Help
Before Law Hits.
Uncle Sam's heavr hand la belnr
felt in 8alem and several restaurants
and soft drink emporiums hsve been
forsaken by . their male clerks or
waiters who ir klar m nIriTm.n
that will' receive favorable consider
ation when the "woi or fight law
becomes ooerstlve tomorrow 1 Ti
law Is to be applied through the pro
cess or re-eiassincauon of question
naires. Attoar thniut moat 4lrttv f rt.
ed by the regulation are maie'attend-
anis m noteis ana clubs, employes
In restaurants sad drinking places,
elevator operators, ushers and ' at
tendants for sports games and other
amusements, persons" employed In
domestic service and male sale
The vacation of these rlinM of
employment by men will leave many
of them open for women.
in the reclassification process
slngte men on farms will be placed
la 'Class I. learlnr their' elaces en
farms for married men from the oc
cupations mentioned above' as sf-
rectea oy me -work or fight" law.
and If the latter do nof ret lnfu
the creditable occupations they w!ll
ne arsnea.. Many men are to be
removed from Cla-u 4 to Class 9
from which recruits are to be drawn
rrom ny the draft Broceaa. A large
number of heartaga are peaalag on
broDosed transfers frera r"L ia a tn
Class 2. Twsaty-flva easea are al-
reaay sisiea ty tie local board and
the hearings will begin Tuesday of
The board la working on the plan
of getting a dean slate or siagle
men Into Class 1 before transferring
from Class 2 and these transfers will
be deferred until all p reseat Class 1
njn sre drafted.- Ia trsajfenisg the
naln sources will he from those who
have Claimed exemctlea aa rrminAa
ot agrionltaral occupation or de-
rvnaeaia oiner man wires and child
Early Experiences, in Sclem Are TcH uiUtterlcr
Home-Coming Program by Gtorge . Uhnes cf Oregon
Historical Society Hade Uis Start Seiilz Type
la the absence of George II. Hlmes
from the home-coming celebration ia
Salem yesterday, a letter written by
him to A. N. Moo res was read by
Justice George II. Burnett psrt
of the program la Willson park. The
letter recites experience of -Mr.
lllmcs In the esrly days of SaJm
and calls ap names that are familiar
to the pioneers. Mr. Illm Is cur
stor and aaalstant secretary of the
Oregon Historical society. Ills let
ter In part follows:
Strictly spesklng. p-rbap. I have
no right to claim the distinction or
being a former resident of Salens:
but owing to ray good fortuneja be
ing ordered to go there on Septem
ber 22. 18C. and my arrival three
days later at a cost of llt.io. and la
process of time becoming allied to a
fine member or a fine family la the
Capital City. I oeght to be gratefsl
tn you and all others for the wllllag
aea upon your part to recognise me
aa one of your number.
' "For this I am truly grateful.
"Mr first night ln,Salem was that
of Monday, September 2(. Hi 4. The
night before I stayed St Sam Brown's.
HelpasaL He kept the stage station
there. Supper, bed. breakfast, very
good. Arrived In Salens at 10 a. m-
heavy froet. and I was chilled to the
marrow' Soon as f was thawed out
began setting type In the second
floor st "Iroore'a Corner." two rooms
hsvlng been rented by Henry U Plt
tock. 4hen state printer. In which a
handpresa and a lot of type had been
Installed tn order to do the neces
sary Incidental work for the legisla
ture then In session.7 Mr. PlttOck
hsd personal charge of the' work, al
though the late J. C. Moreland. al
ways declared he was the foremsn.
The office force was. la addition to
those named, Jo. Henderson, E- T.
Gunn. T. F.. McElroy (both called
from Olympla), Mr. Clark and Mr".
Ballard and myself. Ia addition to
the Increase' in population caused by
the legislature and the ususl comple
ment of clerks, lobbyists, and other
hangers-on. the state fair was being
held. - Hence the city was crowded
to the utmost, and 1 found it diffi
cult to get lodgings anywhere. The
persons above mentioned arrived in
Salem a week or more ahead or ma.
and had secured quarters, railing
to find a bed anywhere," I hired a
pair -of blanket! for 2S cents a
nlht, paid SoL Durbia 25 cents for
Hundreds of Short Line Rail
roads Returned to PHt:
Management Before "Pc:
sage of BILL
SOME RETAIffED TO
V STAY IN RIG SYSTL" I
Others May Be Taken On
by Gorerciaect Aga'a
WASHINGTON. Jane II. R!
lutioas to extend from Jsly I to Jan
uary 1. next, the time la which t?
government may relinquish col tret
over certain railroads, were- aie;u i '
late today by the house asd if: .
with provisions forbid d leg relic
oit of a road where a com pet: r cr
coaaectiag llae la retained. D:::.--encea
between the resolutions ct.
further actios by Ue house et
HCSTDRED TTRXED RACK
WAKJILSCTON. Jsse At t
179e short llae railroads vers t.r;
ed.back to private maaasersest t
day by the railroad admiti.Uii: i
a few hoars before cosgreaa r.'
legislation Intended to pretest i-
relinquishment of many of thcra. r -twees
Sfit and et the ro J. re
linquished had sought to rtsuis t ri
der government maaagt&eat. A -. t
400 short lines were retained aa a
past of ike aatloaai system.
Aanonacemeat of the action
withheld bi the raUroad idc'.;!r.: .
tlon until less than aa hc-r tc -t
the legtalatlon which wcsVd ti
topped tt waa fit ally eaactel. it
waa explained ' that the rccrt
made necessary by the ral!rcl at.
provision requlrlag tae g-rfrz t
to decide before J!y 1, wfcica she:
Usee would be rtUJcei a&i t:-k,
Railroad adralalatratloa cfflc!-
also explained that since the UfU..
Uoa was not taken up hr eitaer rf
the hoosea of cr KTis ssul 4 o c: k
4hls afternoon tty reuU not In--
whether tt would be enacted. n -legislation
therefore. Is virtually t;!
Ufled. . ' t '
May It Take Back.
More tkaa 1209 of Ue roads term
ed back to private tsaaagemect -
(Coatinsel on -page I).
aa much tar as I coali carry, ar. 1
made a bonk on the prist: of r.re
floor .and contlsued that plan for a
week, at the ead of wtleh I ecort i
a room a bed. rather I jt cr
ania's hotel, on the eat site r tl
street near the appraa of the r.i
covered bridge, of asrUJag bat fra
graat memory. 'I remaiaed at ic
Mosamaa hotel aatXl October 17. ar t
then began board! a g at the lf:su
bouse, built by Charles Eseaett. a
ploaeer of 1141. la 1151.' tcistt
It will be remembered, rslaed a ten
paay of velaateers la response o
the call by Governor Ceorge U Carrr
on October lt.'-lSSS, for a 1 orce u
suppress the ladlaa hostilities tMt
were laevldeace throughout aH Or
goa territory frosa north to soau.
The same condition existed In Wash
ington territory, and volunteers wrre
called for there by Governor I'-xn
I. Stevens, forces from both terri
tories united la righting the t ?U
of Walla Walla, near the prtM-ct
city of Walla Walla, Waahisr'oa.
and there Captain Dennett was kill
ed on December 7. ltlS. Ttr ts
no doubt In my mind that he was ee
of the discoverers of gold near rat
ter's fort n January 24. 114 1. That
waa 'a notable discovery, and ia
sfterwarda It was heralded thtw j fr
ont the earth, and resulted la the
great movement ot gold hunters Into
California la 19 4. ' 1 ,
" "More than two years before this
dsta, however, to be precise, ta the
fsU' of 1 5-the Bonney family,
well known' In Oreron; psrtlcnUriy
In the vleUIty of Woodburn. start
ing from minols In the sprir- cf
that year tor Oregon, were Ic. - 1
to go to California.' The wlatcr -
spent Upon one of the trlbutsr',,- r'
Feather river." Two r the girl cf
the. Urn Hy one of.lh.rm afterward
became the wife of C OBoynton of
Woodburn in strolling along the
little tributaries of this strra-.
found from time to time small yar -clea
of bright yellow metal :
they thought 1 might he S; pect
kind or sand. Two or three. t
spoonruls of this sturr were, cr "
which excited their curiosity,
spring or 141 a surgeon t
wttb Kreaonfa dettrfctr,? - .
ed to the Bonney carr:? -advice
and was thowt-.i
He at oace Usted. it ani
It sold, bat was att'
TUac 'lle toot it t3 :