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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1918)
K WKATHKR. 1
Wednesday. rain; .fresh souta
easterly winds. '
SIXTY-SEVKNTH YKAIt XO. 253
HOP MAN IS
Brfeadier-General J. T. Wi
gan, of Wigan, Richardson
& Co., Seriously Injured in
Advance Against Turks
SERVICE BEGUN WHEN .
WAR WAS DECLARED
Distinguished Officer Hurt
Three Times -King Re
V wards Heroic' Action
Through authoritative channels
information has reached Salem that
Brigadier General J. T. Wigan. p.
S. O., of 'the British army, in civilian
life a member of the British hop
firm of Wigan, Richardson, & Co.,
which operates on . a large scale in
the Willamette t valley with j offices
here, was- seriously wounded in the
taking of Jerusalem. The firm owns
. large hop yards near Independence.
General AVigan has been wounded
in action three timos since, the out
break of the war, and for distin
guished service has been promoted
to his present rank. j
Mr. Wigan, before the war broke
tint, was a familiar' figure in : Salem,
where he f requently visited, !ajd 'is
known' Intimately by, most of the
local hop dealers and growers. ;
: As soon as war 'was declared be
tween England and. Germany he re
sponded to the call JtQ t,he colors: He
was wosnded at the landing; of the
British forces on Galllpoli peninsula.
Upon his recovery he was trans-
" ferred to Mesopotamia, , where he
was wounded again. After recover
log the second time he C resdmed
service .with bis regiment'' in "that
.country and later was commander of
a brigade participating In the attack
on Jerusalem. .His wounds received
, while the capture of the holy - city
was taking place are ' said to be
serious. . "' - .
The letter D. S. O. after Brigadier
General Wigan's name are the Init
ials of the Distinguished Service Or
der conferred upon him by the king
for heroic action. ;". ;' I
DOW'T RISK THE HEALTH
OF YOUR FAMILY
7 "" 7 -7-' -I j r .j-),r V v ;; . '
By neglecting to provide them with proper tv
COLD WEhTHER SVIERCHANDISg
Of every kind as, it will probably be needed for the next
three months or longer. '
Is now selling at prices that can never again be duplicated.
COTTON UNDERWEAR will be fnlly 50 per cent higher
next season. WOOLEN UNDERWEAR wilMc practically
unobtainable or if any is to be had the price will bcalmost
prohibitive. You should fit out your entire family from pres
ent stocks not only for present use but for next season as
.. well, -;' s' ! . . " ' ; 7 ,
' . - i
Are becoraing more popular every year
because they fit. better and are more
comfortable to wear. 7 ; ' -
"We are showing a complete range
of LADIES', MEN'S AND CHIL
DREN'S UNION SUITS in cotton, cot
ton and wool mixed and jn all wool.
Every garment is made in full liberal
dimensions and. is properly finished.
Our store closes at 5:30 every
B O'clock. ,; - l :
IN BOSTON JAIL
Fiance of Alleged SpySays
He Is Not Guilty and
Can Prove It V
WARNING tARLY GIVE!
Girls Claim She Told Him
Camp Work Would Lead
BALTIMORE, Jan. 15. Lieuten
ant Walter Spoermann, charged with
being a German epy, arrested on the
aviation field near Norfolk last
week, was brought to Baltimore to
day. He was rushed from the rail
road station -to the United Stae?
marshal's office and thc-nce to Jail.
Two hours prior to his arrival,
his brother, Frederick H. C. Spoer
,mann, who was arrested here last
night, was sent to Jail' also.
Another man, Marlus Aisch of this
city, was taken into custody today,
and there was considerable activi
ty at the federal offices with ruomrs
that other suspects were being bag
ged Aisch. it developed, had some pa
pers belonging to Lieutenant Spoer
mann. , He himself volunteered the
information! to the Baltimore police.
The papers were seized., but little,
apparently of incriminating nature
was discovered from them.
Several in Custody. ' .
There is a vast amount of secrecy
among the government officials as to
the number of persons arrested in
connection with the case, though re-;
ports to Washington indicate seve
or eight are in 'custody.
The woman whose friendship with
Spoermann let to his apprehension
at Norfolk is not under arrest. It
was throngh Spoermanri's fascina
tion tdr her that he was traced from
Baltimore and finally located in
- She was a viclinlst for a Washing
tr n hotel and Spoermann was in fre
quent .communication with her. i,
Interception of ; mail to the wo
mia desalted in the naval Intellt-freiice-oTerative
finding himself in
the emp!T -of a ' cTKWtrnction con
tractor at Langley aviation field near
Norfolk. This was about two weeks
ago. ; '.' . - -
An. enemy alien permit was issued
to Spoermann several months ago
and the record showed statements
r.nm fm that Vi a Tuff rtme tn Am
erica with his brother, ; Frederick,.
( Continued on page 2)
evening except Saturday at
Arrest Due Principally to
Lansing's Message Inform
ing France of Ex-Premier's
Writings to Berlin
EVIDENCE FOUND IS
Peace With Enemy at Any
5 ; Price Wanted to Resume
. French Business
PARIS.- Jan. IT. The a rrnsf
former Premier Caillaux j-esterdayj t
was due principally to a cablegram f
fm.v. C-- . t . i.r-.v. I
ton saying tht in 1915 M. Caillaux.
during a visit to Argentina, had been
in communication with the- Berlin
foreign office through Count von
Luxburg. German minister there.
The object of this communication, it
was. stated; was to bring about peace
at any price so as to permit resump
tion d business.
The investigation of the Italy con
nections of 31. Caillaux is said by
The Matin to have resulted in dis
covery of Important political and
mllitarypapers in the safe of a bank
in FlorejJ.ee, rented under the name
of Madame Caillaux. Among these.
The Matin says, were notes in which
M Caillaux, in expectation of be
coming "premier, drafted a cabirfet.
designated a generalissimo and
sketched "exceptional measures," in
cluding the arrest of Premier Cle-'
menceau and others.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 15. Secre
tary Lansing today refused either to
affirm or deny the statement made
in Paris that advices from him were
responsible for the arrest of M. Cail
Janx. There seems no doubt, how
ever, that the captured Luxburg cor
respondence - contained evidence
against MX Caillaux.
The docr.ment which caused the
arrest of M. Caillaux, former French
premier, accordfn; to The Temps,
showed "vtht he had been directly
or indirectly In communication with
a representative -of an enemy power.
The newspaper adds that Count
von Luxbur, the then German min
ister to Argentina, warned his gov
ernment that the praise Caillaux. was
receiving in the German press was
compromising M. Caillaux and asked
that he be not spoken of in a praise
worthy manner. . '
. "Count von Luxburg." The Temps
continued, "recommended that the
German newspapers should be re
quested to -say that Caillaux had
made every effort to solve the Mo
rocco question too favorably for
France. The Berlin cabinet was not
ified that Caillaux was soon leaving
for Paris to appear in a law suit In
which his 'opponents would use ev
erything arrainst him.
"This dls.oach was not sent direct
from Argentine to Germany, but to
Count -von , nernstorff. the German
ambassador at Washington, woh sent
It to Berlin via Sweden." ,
The Temps says it understands
that the documents from the Lnited
States will add materially to the
The Associated Press was Inform
ed today that the name of Haron
von der Lancken, chief of the po
litical : department at Brussels and
counsellor of the lierman embassy in
Paris pror to the war, may be
bronght Hito the Caillaux 5ase owing
to the remarks made by. Von der
Lancken to . a, neutral diplomat ,in
Brussels some" time ago with refer
ence to the settlement of the Agidir,
' Morocco, controversy.
Von der Lancken Is reported to
have referred to Caillaux as a
staunch friend, of Germany. and to
have used laudatory remarks which
threw new light on M. Caillaux's ac
tivities in the Moroccap affair.
' Captain Bouchardon, head ot the
Paris military court, has appointed
an exiert accountant to make a
complete report on M. Caillaux's fi
nancial situation atthe present time
as compaVed with his fortune prior
to the War. Captain Bouchardon.
contrary to previous reports, is still
awaiting the documents from Flor
ence. M.,CaiIlanx will' not be called
before the court until they 'are re
ceived which probably will be with
ip four or five days. :
'An official of the court martial
which fes investigating the Caillaux
affair said todav that the telegram
of Secretary of State Lansing giving
information concerning, Caillaux's
activities' in Argentina-was greatly
Instrumental, but not the essential
factor, la causing the arrest of Cail
latix. i "
Several more Interviews - with
Mme. Caillaux were printed today.
In one of these she said: .
"'We never knew or saw Count
von Luxburg at Buenos Aires. It U
possible that he tried to approach my
husband! it is probable that some
third person tried -to bring tbem to
gether, hurwithout surce8, I nev?r
left mr 'husband one hour. I know
every person with whom he talked:
and at no moment was he in com
munication -with von Luxburg."
SAL. KM, OREGON. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10, 1918
ON SECOND DAY
Some Gie More Than Share;
- Others jOffer Miserable
ALL CAPTAINS ON HAND
Soliciting Soon to be in Full
Action; Prospects Held
Free noon lunch for all re
lief workeis today ns usual.
Captains, see that your work
era are out. Colonels, see
that j'cur .captains are out. We
need these seasons of commun
ion and refreshment. They
are most essential and helpful.
At the gathering of the Armenian
relief clans at the Y. M. C. A. yes
terday, reports which wore very in
complete showed the encouraging to
tal of $1,037.30 on the second day
Although there was a Iarer at
tendance at luncheon than on the
previous day. .several of the teams
had not yet been completed and ac
tual soliciting had averaged from
about one hour to three or four.
Only one captain reported practic
ally a full day's work and she was
working with but one of her team.
This condition of affairs at the op
ening of a drive was considered nat
ural as there are many details to be
attended to before getting down to
work." ' ' .
Practically every captain was on
hand and reported brighter pros
pects ahead when a full team would
be in the field.
Willing Spirit Shown.
iMany interesting experiences were
related showing, almost without .ex
ception, a general spirit of willing'
ness to give and in many, cases at
great sacrifice. .: ; I
Extremes almost unbelievable,
however, are idaily encountered.
Some regret their ' inability to give
more from their' scanty store, while
others, whose means are known to
be richly ample, offer a miserable
pittance. One woman who had nor
the money to give volunteered a has
of beans, approximately 100 pounds.
Thus her contribution is equal to
Such examples of service make
certain the success of the campalsr
for, notwithstanding the discourag
ing features, there are those who
readily respond to everjr call.
Night letters were dispatched last
night to a .number 6f Salem's givers
who are at a distance. These never
fail to bring substantial responses.
t Wilson's Apical CHtl. v f
At the luncheon yesterday Secre
tary Gingrich of the Y. M. C. A
made timely reference to the appeal
of President Wilson in behalf of the
Armenian sufferers wherein h?
showed that the work-in fact, i'
Identical with that of the Red CrosaH
and that solicitors were perfectly
justified in making thefr appeals on
that basis. President Wilson sayr
contribuions for this work can be
made through the American Red
Cross. Washington, or direct to the
Committee for Armenian relief.
The last two - outlying points in
the county that had not yet been sup
plied with speakers, namely, Gervais
and Donald, requested that John H,
McNaryie sent to tell them of the
Asiatic sisuation. Mr. McNary when
apprised of the wishes of he Donald
people, readily consened o go. He
will spak in Donald on he evening
of January 21,
Attorney E. S. White will speak
In Gervais on the evening of January
Members Agitate Clean-up of
Camp Where Major Died
WASHINGTON. Jan. 15. Arous
ed by the death from- pneumonia of
Major Augustus P. Gardner, former
ly one of their number, members of
the house today agitated congres-f
sional investigation of camp and hos
pital conditions1 not only at Camp
Wheeler, where the former congress4
man died, but generally throlghout
V wave of sorrow and sympathy
swept over the house today at news
of Major Gardner's depth. Demo
cratic Leader Kitchin announced
that if Mrs. Gardner agreed to the
plan when she arrives here with the
major's body tomorrow, there will
be fnnecal services at the capitol
where the body would lie in state.
' No such mark ofrespert haa ever
been paid to a former member of
The senate adjourned In the after
noon in' respect to the memory of
Major Gardner. S
TO GET BUSY
Fake Advertising Is Charged
by Milliner and Law Is Read
v for Benefit of Salem Busi
ness Men I
WIEST IS ELECTED
TO SUCCEED M00RES
Delegates Are to be Appoint
ed to Attend State Con
vention Assertions by Mrs. L. G. Curtis, a
local -milliner, at the meeting of the
Salem Business Men's league last
night, that fake advertising is being)
resorted to by one or more Salem
mercantile establishments as a
means to draw trade, caused the
league t inaugurate action by which
it hopes to put the "kibosh" on any
advertising by local firms that can
be proven in the fake class. i
The league voted to refer to its
attorney and the boatd of directors
the casq or cases to which Mrs. Cur
tis referred, and any other cases that
may come to the league's attention,
so that, if necessary, the law di
rected against fake advertising may!
1 f mi . j. i-'l
oe appuea. ine siaxe taw was rea
by Secretary MDaniel.
Names Not Mentioned.
No names were mentioned in con
nection with the assertion. ..In in
itiating .the discussion, Mrs. Curtis
merely asked if ' there is any law in
Salem applying -to fake advertising,
explaining that she meant people
who advertised,, sales to go out of
business and who do not go out of
Henry W. Meyers ' made the mo
tion that the case be referred to the
attorney and the directors for inves
tigation. The motion was seconded
by Walter A. Denton, who declare!
that misstatements: have been mad,'
in advertisements in the dally press.
He expressed the opinion that In the
future any advertising that smacks
of fake should be brought before th
. New Attorney Elected.
Announcement was made of the
election of W. A. WIest aa attorney
for the league to succeed Ralph D.
Moores, who has gone into military
Merchants of Salem were nnable
to get together on a plan for' early
closing 'during the holiday season
J. W. Chambers, a member of the
special committee, reported, because
of differing views held on the sub
ject by merchants in different lines
of business. Several of the mem
bers present, however, were , of the
opinion taht results might yet be ob
tained, and it was voted to continue
the committee i in the hope that it
might bring the merchants to . an
agreement. The subject and the
committee's report will Be a special
order of business at the February
meeting oT the league. C. M, Epplev
said that he had not been considered
an advocate of early closing, but de
clared the tendency is in that di
rection. Business Itself closes earlier, re
gardless of the business man." said
Mr. Eppley. "I find in my business
that it Is easier to close at 7 o'clock
now than it was at 9 two years ago.
T believe if a few of the leading
merchants would get together for
concerted action the other buglnejs
men would fall into line.".
Post ar Quewtkm Tabled.'
A communication was read urgin?
action protesting against magazine,
postage rates, but this, was tabl'edVon
the ground that the petition may
have been Inspired by mail order
houses. - -
From the Talahassee. Florida,
Chamber of Commerce, came a letter
urging that the club draft a resolu
tion for the attention of the Oregon
delegation in congress asking that
the pending federal farm loan act
be amended to exclude alien ene
mies. The question harely escaped
tabling before it was voted to draft
the resolution requested.
Delegate to Be Xanied. ,
Walter Denton was named chair
man of a committee which will have
at least seventeen members of the
league appointed a delegates to the
state convention of the Oregon Re
tali Grocers' association which meets
In Portland next month. The league
is entitled to one deteirate for every
ten members, and the membership
numbers about 170. "Mr. Denton Is
secretary of the association.
Crisp Home and Contents
Are Destroyed ty Fire
The home? of Ferry Criep at Pine
and Myrtle streets, two blocks north
of Highland avenue, and its contents
were entirely destroyed by fire early
last night.! The department was call
ed about 7 o'clock. Mr. and Mrs.
Crisp wpro away, from home when
the flames were discovered. The
cause of the fire has not been de
termined. It is said there was some
DRAFT LAY TO
Chamberlain Introduces Bill
, of Young Men
AGE LIMIT TO STAY 31
Ranks of War f'Anny to be
Filled Wholly From Ranks
of New Eligibles
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. The
government has decided on; draft
registration of all young men as fast
as they become 21 years old as the
means of keeping filled the ranks
of the war . army. It has decided
against raising the draft age limit
above 21 years. ;
An administration bill was intro
duced today, at" the request of the
war department by Chairman Cham
berlain 6f the senate military com
mittee, to register. for draft all men
who have, reached ,2 l'slnce June 5.
1917, when the draft law became ef
fective. The administration's sup
port sjeems to assure its prompt pas
sage. The bill agrees with the recent
recommendations of -Provost Marshal
Other administration' bills Intro
duced today by. Chairman Chamber
lain, at the request of the war de
partment, will supplement the draft
law to make it workable under con
ditions that have developed. One
would permit furloughlng of nation
al army units for harvest work 1 or
other civilian duty; another wduld
eliminate enemy alien population
from basis of calculations for draft
quotas, oy making the basis - for
each state, the number of men avail
able In class one.
TWO OF OREGON
"... - -
Elk City Man Victim of
. Measles ; Train Kills G. J. ,
" n f" i
- WASHINGTON. Jan. 15. The
deaths of thirty-seven members of
the American evpeditionary forces
from natural ' causes and accident
were reported to- the war department
today Jy General Pershing. They
Private Clarence M. Albert, in
fantry. January V pneumonia, Col
bert. Wean. , . , ;
Private Alden B. Abbev.- engi
neers, ' January. 11, measles and
pneumonia. Elk City, Or.
Private Clifford P. Bfown, ammu
nition train. January, 11 measles.
Private Gerald J. Barrett, engl
neers. December 31, killed by train.
Portland, Or, '. ,
Hughes Made President
of Salem Rifle Club
The annual meting of the Salem
Rifle club was held last night at
the armory with an election of of
ficers. Events were also planned
which will hold large interest for
the club members' for the balance of
Those elected were:' President, 1
A. Hughes; vice-president, : II. V.
Doe; secretary, R. W. Simeral; treas
urer. R. R. Nicholson, and i'rank
Mapes as range officers.' The quali
fying shoot will be held, Wednesday
January 23. and this will determine
the handicap. ! i
A committee vas also chosen to
arrange for procuring a.f 15 cup for
the handicap match. W. J. Entress,
H. V. Doe and Frank Mapes compose
the committee. The handicap will be
between the members ot the club
with professionals and amateurs hav
ing! chances alike. .
BIG FACTORY IN
Lack of Coal Puts 9000 Out
1 of Work at Karlsruhe
LAUSANNE, Switzerland, Jan? 15.
The Gazette says It learns that the
German ammunition factories at Karl
srube have ' been forced to close ow
ing to lack of coat and that 9000
men and women are out of work.
Seven other large towns are affect
ed In a similar , manner."
The German government's consign
ment f coal to Switzerland under
the diplomatic arrangement, "the
newspaper adds,' are decreasing
ironthly. ;the Gciman government
seemingly beins unable to spare
1'IUCIi F1VK CENTS
No Alterations Are Made in
Instructions to Foreign Sec-
. retary for Peace Negotia
tions at Brest-Litovsk
BRITISH LABOR' STRONG
FOR SELF GOVERNMENT
Danger " Facing Russia I:
Cited; Italians Win Not
ably Gains -
BERLIN, via London, Jan. 15.
Baron von Dem BuRche-Haddenhaus-en,
under secretary for foreign af
fairs, informed the .r.dchstag mai l
committee today that there had bte-i
no alteration in the instructions giv
en to Foreign Secretary von Kue! !
mann for the peace negotiations r,t
-ASSOCIATED PRESS SUMMARY.
A message to the Russian peop!
by the British labor party announce
that the British people are one with
the Russians on the principle of self
determination of peoples' and no an
nexations tor ,the British empir.
particularly in' the., middle east, fi
Afirca and, In India, lit also Bai:
opon the peoples of the central em
pires to force their governments "t
renouneQ ,jlnnextaiori3 In Europi
with the same good faith In which
are renouncing them In Asia" an I
not let them drive the Brtish peer
as they are driving the Russians in
the "terrible choice between continu
ing the war and abandoning tbe on!
principle that can save the world."
; Ai for Turkey, the message saj ,
the sovereign independence of tl
Turkish People in ' their , nation: 1
home Is respected, but that tha Turk
ish government's - domination over
other peoples Is a hindrance to tl.
national development of "the Turk-.
The formation of an lnternatior !
organization Is called for to ta!
over the responsibility of governfr
certain peoples, such as the Arab ,
the Palestinians and Armenians.
Meanwhile, Admiral von Tirrit -,
the father' of Germany's submarlr.
warfate. and one of .the leaders r t
the Fatherland party. In speeches, i j
endeavoring to bolster ur the ca;
of the pan-Germans. In his late -address
he still held to his dream f
forcing Great Britain to ieok.peac?
as a rcJult of Germany's subrrarin ;
campaign snd dwelt on the abili;
of Von Hindenburg and his chi :
aide. Von Ludcndorff. to bring aboi:t
a peace acceptable to Gersaany I
force of , arms.
Probably with the purpose of lad
ing plans' to 'meet the anticipate'
stroke of the relnforcad armies t :
the Germans on the western fron.
there will -be an , early meeting m
plenary session at Versailles of th ?
supreme allied war council.
The political pot In Germany con
tinues at full boll, with1 the militar
istic element In the ascendancy. Not
withstanding the seeming Impa
that has arisen In the peace nepot ra
tions between the Rus3ians and V
central powers, owing to objection
by the Russians to the damnds ' '
Germany and. her allies, announce ment
has been made 1n the reicii
tag that no alteration haa fceon
made In the Instructions given t
the chief German representative I .
- A meeting of the annexatlfSnL t
party in Germany has been broke i
up by the Independent .Socialist--,
who passed a resolution. d eclat. n :
far-a general peace by understand
ing, while at another meeting. In
Frankfurt, a resolation was adopt" I
declaring that peace safeguardin r
Germanjg vital economic interc
would be possible only aloni? tl.
lines of the reichstag peace resolution-.
- t- " ' .
After splays of Inactivity, due t
adverse weather, the Italians have
again attacked the . Anstro-Germa a
front In the Monte Asalone region
and have made goodly gains "f
ground. Likewise, along the south
ern course of the Plave fiver th'V
have added materially to their
brldwe-head easf of Cape Sile. push
ing back, the enemy from Important
trenches which were. held, by th?
Italians In spite of furious counter
In the hill region, the Austro-Ger-mans
offered strong resistance but
the Italians, tn addition to Inflicting
extremelv heavy casualties, capturs :
eiht officers and 2S3 men.
On the other fronts, the flghtin :
except for the artillery. conUnm-i
below normal although the Canad
ians again have raided 'German
trenches north of Lens, blowing up
their dng-outs and taking prisoners
and a machine-gun.
Former Empress of
Russia is How Inzer
AMSTERDAM, Jan . 1 K.- -TL
former empress of-Russia accoruin:
to German papers, has become Inr "
and now is confined to a fanitariu i
at Tobolsk, Siberia. Her conditk
Is reported to be. Jiopeles. .