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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1918)
I ' ' 1 " ' ) .... . .. .. ' ' ...V. . ; " j
fair and colder;! moderate nor
' U !.( nilL'fUlV H'L'llVLVIIIt' lliiliklrii ii vkii.TTT ni
TROTZKY i IS
zsthn Delegation Reaches
Drest-Lirosk To Confer On
New ; Peace Terms, Dis
patch From Berlin Reports
EOLSHEVIKI DOUBTS I
SINCERITY OF ALLIES
Esirecsxit Press Fears Burden
cf Outcome Will Be Put
LONDON, Jan. 8. The Russian
pne& delegation, including Foreign
Minister Trotzky, 1 reached H rest-Li
tank Monday for - the reopening of
jxtiotlatlon.-j that afternoon, accord
ing to a Berlin dispatch received In
Copeahagen and forwarded by tho
' Exchange Telegraph company, P
There is no Indication thus far of
the manner in which Premier Lloyd
George' definition of war aims has
loen received in Russia, or even
whcthe hla. speech has been pub
lished there. ,The Bolshevikl pre
cf retrograd continues ! to attack
Great Brijaa and her allies. The
, Prarda aod. the Izvestia published on
Sunday an-article based upon iomo
words of .Mr. Lloyd George appar
ently one of s his speeches. In th
house of commons, accuelna him of
desiring to1 have the Hussians male
peace with the central powers so as
to sire the allies a free hsnd to ne
gotiate to their own advantage. i
; Russia Feam Rrcln.
Other allied leaders (hare ex
pressed themselves similarly, the ar
ticle says. It continues: ;
i,T3i allies are prepnrlng their
pablics for peace and think that If
Itassla. were forced to come to terms
ith the enemr she, ard not the al
1. would bear the cost ! of f peace.
The greater sacrifices Russia makes,
tu Jess the allies will have to pay.
I'. r could reach the samo result by
J -ir.ing la the peace negotiations, but
f that cise it would le apparent
! : t rtcy had tetrayej PoUnd, Ll
t: :an!a, Courland and Rumania, us
ing RusHia as small rhanke to pay
t' lr debts. By forcing : Russia 0
r;sak peace and allow Germany to
bJuRtte the Poles, etc., they ran
I'imt 'Russia and clear tliemseve
In ths eyes of th'ult peoples. The
(Continued on Pace 3
Some mefeliandiHC uel to wear foo long to nuit the pur
chaser when ' atylc waa more important than wearing
quality. , . jT - - l '. ' -' ;-j
7 Jhat waa before tlio-Unitrd States entered the war. Now
; however the Government i iTgtw that Freak 8tylf, which
I are subject to frequent change, houll be avoided and that
nerchandiie which will wear a long time be acleeted with a
view of -economixinjc so that we may win the war.
Jrerchandisc is changing from atyjc to service very
rapidly.'. .- j-f . ' '
Of course there will always be a certain element of style
to ronaider but our Government auggesta that conservative
..'styles should prevail! until the close of the war.
Unless you have kept posted upon conditions existing in
factory districts, yoii cannot realise what a shortage there
wiU ho as soon as stocks now on hand are exhausted.
Most merchants have large reserve stocks and arc earn
estly trying to protect their customers against the heavy
advances wTdch must come soon, as retail prices arc actually
below wholesale prices in a great many lines. .
YOU can help merchants keep prices down
liy bcing Reasonable in your demands for service. ?
PAY CASH for everything you buy
Don't ask to have imiall packages delivered.
Don't xroin plain about Hght!imperfcctioiir1n merchamliso
whieh -am altnoNt'unavoidaldfl' under present' conditions, be
cause there is an unusual denisnd and factories are short of
fcflp and raw ''material and are operating only "about GO per
cent of their capacity and the Government needs demand
fcair of their output, j j 1
"! Every unreasonable demand you make upon a merchant
ad'bi to tho expense of doing business, which means higher
prices. f j '
- i .'. f .- ' ,. r-
Our store closes at 5:30 every
8 o'clock. j
STATE WINS i IN
ON HYDE CASES
All But Small Amount of Vast
By Fraud ' . I
ONE SUIT IS PENDING
Government Mast Appear To
, Restore Ten Thousand Ex
When the) atatef supreme court
yesterday handed down opinions in
six of the Bevn F. A. Hyde land
fraud cases Mt held, that all of the
acreage involved In the six cases.
with the exception of 1240 acres, had
been obtained in a fraudulent man
ner. About 9130 acres has been re
stored to the state, less than half
the amount fraudulently obtained by
th operators. . ; - .
It was further held that about 15,
000 acres had been obtained by
fraud, but that it i now Impossible
to return it to the state for the rea
son that the title has been passed
to the government and accepted, si
that the government would have to
appear In any action to hare the land
revested In the state.' " n
Government Akel to Appear. J
Attorney General Brown has tnadf?
efforts to have the government ap
pear In the cases, as pointed but br
Justice Wallace McCamant, who
wrote the opinions. The commis
sioner of the general land office and
chiefs of departments have alike da
clined to make an appearance when
,vislted perconallr by Mr. Brown
when he was in Washington. It is
still held out as a possibility, how
ever, that should the late Institute
new proceeding 1 Ithe government
wight be : Induced to appear, with
the likely result 4hat the 15.000
acres would be" restored to the ftate.
Attorney General Brown h.s worked
consistently on the cases since his
advent into office, i
The eases on which opinions were
handed downyesterday were thow
orlginatlngtln Crook, Jackson, Linn,
Iahe, Clackamas ; and Hood river
countiea. i Acreage In each of these
counties that is to le given back to
the state as result of the decision Is:
Crook, 8890.31 acre; Jackson,
2360 acres; Linn, C00 acres; Lan-J,
160 acres; Clackamai,' 1360 acr(:
Hood River; 70 acre.
; The seventh case on which no
opinion was 'given Is that fr Klam
ath county In which Circuit Judge
Kuykenhalt delayed his decision and
('Continued on Page 3
evening except Saturday
t r.mK. vrr.".it nr.i'.iiwi'.n 1VS f,3U. V. It IK. ' . I1LIC12 It I Vli "
Massing of Troops and Ma
terials Has Reojttired Time
But Great Offensive on
West Front Near Is View
ALLIES EXPECTED TO
Past Record of Entente Force j
Cited as Reason for
WASHINGTON, Xkn. 8. "f he ex
pectetl Cermin fferalve In the
west," Secretary Tlaker' weekly war
review , naya, "will oMIbly be heir
areatest assault, but! tha Tlritlsh and
Irench armies can be rfellerl unnn If.
withstand the shock"
Haramarlzlne- the situation on the
eve of a possible jcreat offensive, sec
retary naker confidently points out
that through sixteen fierce battlnn
of Rreat masnUueV the Hrltlsh and
French ; have steadily pushed ahead
with methodical and cumulative
gains. The expected offensive, he
points out, probably is being- delayed
for massing great supplies of muni
tions, guns and troops, and the Ger
mans mar be expected to "strain
every fiber of their remaining
strength.' - ,
T AnMtrlan Drive Slopped.
On the Italian front, the secretary
points out, French successes hav
turned the scale asalnst the Auatr)-
German invaders and the west bank
o fthe Piavo is being held flrmlv;
hamoered bv th tieavv nnwrlla In
the Alps, he says, the Invaders hoi
art conrronted with a tremendous
handican'of maintaining their trans
port which neutralizes the advant
age of holding higher ground.
The nerlod of ad lusfment. Secre
tary Haker says, has pessed and It
may now be expected thst "th'!
French, Drltlafi und Italians, fighting
side bv side, wilt be able to maxter
The review for the week endln
Jannarv 3 makes no mention of
American troons. It follows:
f'SIx weeks have elapsed flnce th
first rumon renched tti of the great
thrust In the went whlh the enem"
then announced as Imminent. In
order to concentrate large troo
masses, adenuate artillery and amp!
reserve of munitions much time 1?
TerHfle I)Hve rorecn(ef.
"Though the German higher com
msnd bss so long delayed before
beginning operations, advices re
ceived seemfnrlr confirm the Infer
- . ti Am .
mafian fnar imoorrant actions ar
icontempiated along - the western
ironi, iiiey msv ie connted nnon
to strain ever fiber of their remali-
eg ftrength In an endeavor to make
inefr piana sweceeu.
"In considering the general mW-
forv s'ttidlion on the eve of a pos
s'hlrt Oertnan offensive It must b-
recalled " thut through sixteen n
cessive battles of rret msgnltut
" Flan a erf the jlrlMsh have .ever"
time come out victorious and phed
steadllr ahead. Their gains .have
been methodical and cumulative.
, Tho Germans have during 'this Jong
series of .major operations Invariably
been forced to give way. The Frencb
stood like a rock al Verdun and soon
after drove forward vigorously in
the battle of the Somme snd In turn
nlayed a great part In tho repeated
drives In Flanders.
Offensive to IV Greateat.
"The Impending German offens
Iv ewill probably be their great a.
saolt. The French" and Uritnh ar
mies can be relied upon to withstand
the shock. y ,
"In the west no Important opera
tions Uook place during the past
week. The entire front from the
North sea to the Swiss border was
very active. .The German continued
their widely scattered thrusts wllh
numerous reconnolterlng raids and
careful! patrolljng. The remained on
the qui vlve, taking note of every
minor change In the German order
of battle, 'keeping rlosely Informed
of hostile troop movements and con
centrations. "In the Cam bra I area, the enemy
undertook an attack In force. Here
the German. In attempting a flank-
- fr- -i35r-r--'er
(Continued on Page 3)
M.t XV WANT IIAHV.
; The two weeks old baby boy,
found on the door stfp of a
home on North Liberty stret
Is still at the Deaconness hos
pital and ' Is unclaimed. The
baby was found Monday night
and placed In the Deaconness
hOHpital nyithe local pollcemat
ron, Mrs, Sarah Horsey.
- Several Inquiries were made,
concerning the baby, yesterday
at the hoHtl. Those Iniulr
Inft contemplated the. adoption
of the little one. The county
court Is looking after the case.
HAIG SUTiIS UP
IN PAST SEASON
"We Have Every Reason to Be
Satisfied With Results,"
HUN LOSSES GREATEST
Enemy Pushed 'Back Under
Heavy Handicap -Americans
LONDON. Jan. 8. "The addition
al ftrength which the enemy can oh
tain from the events lu Tlusrla and
Italy already has been largely dis-
rountedj and the ultimate destruc
tion of the enemy field forces ha
been brought appreciably nearer,"
is the coufidnt summing uo by Field
Marshal Hals, the rtrltlsh command
er In chief in France and Helglum,
of last year's work by the l'.rltlsh
Jarmy on the wes'rn front. The
statement Is contained in an offi
clal 'report of General IIalg'9 spring
and summer campaign in today's of
i The report covers tho period from
the opening cf the Anas offensive,
April 9, to the conclusion of the
Flanders Offensive Jn NovembeT.
Subsequent events of the year. In
cluding the Cambral battle will. oc
cupy a separate report j which Is to
bo published hertly.
v Tribute Paid Americans.
) General Halg closes today's report
with a brief tribute ta the Ameri
can. "During the year," says General
Halg." the United States has entered
the war and taken up their part with
all the well known energy and abil
ity of that great nation. Already
many thousands of American sol
diers are In France. Warm as is the
they- received from the
French people, .nowhere will they
find a more genuine or friendlier!
greeting than among the ranks of
the great English-speaking armies."
At the outset of Oils report. Gen
eral JIaig explains bow the general
allied plan of campaign for the year
was settled at a conference at
French headquarters in November,
"The plan," the report ay, "com
prised, a series of offensives on all
fronts, so timed as to assist each
other by depriving the enemy of the
power of. weakening any of hte
fronts to reinforce another."
This plan had to be modified on a
wholesale scale from the; very start.
owing to a variety of unexpected de
velopments. Notwithstanding these difficulties,
the whole story of the year'a work
is a steady continuation or nrltlsn
successes and German setbacks.
which give General llaig ground for
his optlmif tic conclusion,
Flanders Kncceas Cited.
"The fFlandera -offensive was
maintained for thre and a h
tnonths under most adverse condi
tions," says Field Marshal Hal.
"The weather entailed almost super
human exertions on the part of the
S rCtTnue"doir I'ae3 )
Complainants Are Worse
Than Evil Alleged in
Church, Says Evans
"It Is iust as bad to worry
Is to get drunk."
"Suppose a man refused to Join the
United States Arfiy because he heard
there were German spies In It! "How
much more quickly he should Join to
help get them out. Use the same
logic In the Army of the Lord."
, "If you are stumbling over hypo
erlts In tho church, It pfoves one
thing. The hypocrite must be ahead
of you or you would not stumble ovr
him. You must-be worse than he Is
for you are behind him. You at least
ought to keep your mouth shut till
you catcJi up r with him."
Hruco Evans spoke last night on
the man. at the :ool of Hethesda.
Here was a man who had suffered n
great deal. Hut he was only one
out of five hundred gathered there.
Persons who are always talking
about healing, asserted the evange
list, have missed one of the greatest
means by which to grow Suffering
holds a sweetening. Kvans asked
the audit-nee If It had -not noticed In
Its observation that the sweetest
characters are those who have snffer-
ed the most severely In physical
Kvans said that religion was not
like property in that men can put
it In the name of the female tnemtrtsra
of the household. It Is a personal
matter. It matters not what men say
or do. we are neia accouniarue pert
sonallv to God. A man who looks
Into the face of Christ sees only one
aid of life that Is the bright side.
The evangelist addressed the col
lege yesterday morning and this af
ternoon speaks before the high
school. Eraas speaks tonight. i
SAID TO BE
Article for Poor Class Report
ed Sanctioned by Portland
Inspectors While Much
Pork Is Condemned
HOGS OF SAME HERD
HAVE DIFFERENT FATE
Wholesome Meat in Salem
Thought to be "Infected"
' if in Metropolis
Uy W. C. COWGILL
Rumors became so Insistent and
so repeated that Investigation bet)
came a matter of necessity to estab
lish the fact that rotten meat hides
and bones were being shipped from
Salem to Portland, and passed In
spection In the metropolis, where. It
Is reported on good authority, the
meat (veal) is sold to the poorer
class of trade. , ,
At the local office of the Great
Northern Express company the car
rier said to be; shipping veal the
carcasses being nothng but skin and
bones. It tras admitted that a ship
ment of that character was made
yesterday morning, and that sever
all other ablments bad been made
The veal, the agent said, was prob
ably killed on the farm, but It Is
bought by a local commission firm
and consigned, all charges collect, to
commission houses in. Portland.
. Dr. Lytle, the state veterinarian.
Is said to have passed the veal' here,
and advised the Portland office "to
look out for it". There It readily
When asked If hogs were not also
shipped from Salem to Portland, the
agent replied that very few hogs
were shipped now, and when they
did get through to Portland, were
inspected and condemned as being
tuburculosls Infected, and destroy
ed. According to reports made here.
My iaformalt stated, and the
agent of the express company ad
mitted that he had been told same
fact that It is greatly to the Interest
of the big concerns to have skinny
veal sold there, and not hogs, unlets
the latter go through the hands of
the Union Meat company, whose
hogs always pass Inspecton.
It is a strange -fact, but It Is
vouched as actual truth, that hogs
brought Into Salem and sold by the
farmers here locally always pass In
spection, but when the same farm
er dresses and ships a hog, or two,
from the same identical herd, kept in
the seme her, njiA In the. same feed
lots, slaughtered exactely In the same
ranltary way, and is then shipped to
a local firm in rortiana, it invari
ably Inspects as being Infected with
McMinnville and Dallas To
Tangle in Basket Ball Soon
DALLAS, Or., Jan. 8. (Special
to The Statesman) -The Dallas high
school basket ball tern will go to Mc
Minnville Friday night where they
will meet tho fast team f the high
school of that city. There has al
ways been a great amount of rivalry
between the two schools during thd
basketball season, raci one making
a'Speclal effort to defeat the oppon
ent. Tho rames of the past Several
years are about equal at present and
Dallas Is anxious to break thj
"spell" and defeat the Yamhill
county boys. A big crowd of root
ers will accompany the team. A re
turn game will be played with Mc
Minnville in this city on the 17th
and on the ISth Dallas and Silver
ton will meet on the local floor. .
Balance of $8166.82 Is
Shown Officially At End
of Year 1917
At the end of the year Just closed
the city of Salem bad received in
moneys during the year a total or
$170,4 13. C6 and the disbursements
totaled 1162,2 46.74. leaving a bal-
ane of $S16.82. These figures are
shown In the annual report or tviiy
Ilecorder Earl Hare which was, sub
mitted to" the city council Monday
night. 1 I
The receipt column shows 192,
X:93.83 for the general fund. $24.
142.12 for the street fund and $53,
377J59 for the special newer fund,
The dMsbursenient column shows
$h9,145.k? for the general fund,
$21, IX". 21 for the street fund and
$31,642.06 for the special sewer
fund."- :l ,:. ' !-..."'.:
The bndgct estimate for the year
was $8S.139 for the general fund.
$22,630.23 for the street fund and
$32,440 for the special sewer fund.
ROAD MEN TO
Work of All Officers and Em
ployes As Essential As
FULL JUSTICE PROMISED
Labor Problems Soon To Be
Considered and Settled
Fairly, He Says j
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. Director
General McAdoo today addressed an
appeal to railroad officers and em
ployes to do their utmost to main
tain efficient railroad service as a
patriotic duty, saying "every officer
and employe Is just as important a
factor in winning the I war as the
man in the trenches." .
He promised, to consider labor
problems "Justly and fairly and at
the earliest possible moment." The
men In uniform who are fighting in
names of four members of the board
to investigate the brotherhoods' re
quest for more pay probably will ba
At the capitol the railroad prob
lem was the subject of bearings be
fore the-interstate commerce com
mittees of both the senate and house.
Interstate Commerce Commissioner
Anderson explained the purpose and
effect of the pending administration
bill to the house committee, while
Julius Kruttschraitt. chairman of the
board of Southern Pacific, coutlnued
his testimony before the senate com
mittee on the difficulties of railroads
under private management.
- Special consideration was given to
day to the financial straits of the
Denver and Rio Grande railroad. Af
ter a conference 'bet ween John Bar
ton Payne, counsel for the railroad
administration, representatives of the
road and of the Equitable Trust com
pany, which has obtained a Judg
ment of $28,000,000 against the
road, an agreement was reached by
which the receivership will not be
Immediately necessary. Eventually
a receiver may have to be appointed.
It was said, : J ';-.
Commissioner Anderson, - who
framed the administration railroad
bill now before the Interstate com
merce committees of both houses, on
the stand today, explained that It-Is
not intended that there shall be any
Interference with state taxation of
railroad property by government op
eration. The government compensa
tion to all roads on the basis of the
standard" return proposed, toe said.
would be $935,000,000 a year, the
average net railway operating in
come for the three years ending last
June 30. Thil compensation basis Is
permissive, not mandatory, and any
railroad may enter suit for a higher
rate if it- chooses. i
Mr, Kruttschnitt praised the work
of the railroad war board now dls
solved, in eliminating much competl
tlon and pooling railroad facilities
to a great extent under. private con
trol. He said the results and the
necessltyf- of government, control
showed emphatically that anti-trust
and antUpoolIng laws will have to
be repealed. V : "
Grain men y the countryj Mr.
Kruttschnitt said., were the slowest
to comply with the war board's rec
ommeadatlona providing for the
heavier loading Of cars. It was only
after rood Administrator Hoover is
sued an order providing that no cars
of grain be handled 'unless fully load
ed, be1 added, that a change was
Canadian Officers Speak
in Salem Twice Today
Since the old Inter-county bridge
nas peen openea ror root passen-J
i?crs, wnetner or not special trains
are run today between Salem and
West Salem, there doubtless will b
hundreds from Polk county 40 hear
the celebrated Canadian officers, re
cently, from the flrlpg lines in
France, deliver two addresses on the
war in Eurcpe as they experienced It.
Custodian Savage of the armory
has prepared for large crowds to
greet Major II. F. Edwards, IJeute-
nnt Colonel McMillan and Captain E.
J. Cook. f
Music will be furnished by Dan
Polk County Fair Plans on
Hooperized Banquet Shortly
DALLAS, Or., Jan. 8,--(Hpeclal to
The Statesman) -The annual baft
quet for the members of the Polk
Connty Fair association will be beld
at the Hotel Gail In this city Thurs
day noon. Tho affair la to bo a
Hoover" affair and nothfnsr buf
what would be approved by the food
dlrectp will be served. After the
banquet a business meeting wtll tie
held at which a president of the fair
association will b selected, C. V.
Johnson of Alrlie, the preside
elected at the annual meeting sev
eral weeks ago having resigned, from
the office, r ,
Germany Must Free Szzzll I .
tions, Pay For Crir.cs Cc
initted, and Let Pcirc-!:
- ing Peoples lire Ovm Li,
AMERICA WILL FIGHT
UNTIL END ACII
Message to Find Favcr V."
Socialists of Central Pe ers,
AMKIUCA HAM I'Ol JITI.
rt'KPOHl IX Ti!U
1 Freedom of seas in peacn
and war. v
2Itemoval of ccononi;
barriers among nations.
3 Guarantees to reduce ar
4 Imperial colonial adjust
ments. 5 Evacuation, of all Th:3
6 Evacuation of Helglurn.
7 Evacuation of French
8 Readjustment of Italy's
f" 9 -Free develonment of r co-
plea of Austria-Hungary.
10 - Evacuation of EerUa,
Rumania, and Montenejfro. .
11 Sovereignty for Turkey
In parts of Ottoman empire.
12 Independent Polar.a.
13 Open peace covenant.
14 Guarantee of locSjm l
ence of small states.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 8, Am
ca'a program of war and peace, v :
definite terms upon which the ;
tions great and small firhtln-r 1
getber against German world c
nation are ready to lay down t
arms, was given to the worl 1 '
President Wilson today through
address to congrers In joint r- '
For this program, baicd upon t
righting of wrongs and the f
of peace-loving peoplts dolrln
live their own 11 res. the pre ;
committed the United State to t.
and continue to fight until it
achieved.. Thus he1 pledrrd t
country to the allied pollry of -separate
peace. "We cannot bo t
arated In interest or divided in 1
pose," he said. "We stand to'tl
to the end."
. (icrmnn Cltallenge Answerci!.
The speech, heard by ronicrtrH ;
an hour's notice and accepted v:
a wave o fapproval that bmutM
get her every element of both lur
was delivered as a direct re;
to the German challenge in t: ,
gotiations wtlh . the Rtutftlaru
Ilrest-LItovsk. It followed I
and' approved the address of 1
Ilritish premier, but was far r
specific in statement of termn, t
bing of force in advance any f
man peace drive designed to eonf
the entente and American govn
ments snd their people, whlln at
same time presenting the four;
tlon for genuine negotiations '
ever the central powers are ready f
talk of a Just peace.
Fourteen concrete proposals 1
down by the pTftddcnt began :
the declaration that the days cf r
vate International underetandir
are gone and that covenants cf
must be reached In the open. Ilri ,
summarized, the other point v.-'-World
Absolute freedom of the sens f
peace or war, except as rosy be 1 ;
International action; removal of -nomic
barriers among nations a
elating themselves to main?
peace; guarantees of the redtir?
of armaments to the lowent '
consistent with domestic safety; li -
perial adjustment of colonial r1!;
based up on the principle that t
people concerned have equal r!?.'
with the governments; evacuation , ,
all Russian territory and OT'oorf
ity for Russia's political drvt
ment; evacuation of Itelglum; ..ev? -
nation of Freeh territory a rrd-l :'
Jng of the Alsace-Lorraine wrr: ;
readjustment of Italy's frond
along recognisable line of nntlo" 1
itv; free opportunity for autonomy
development o flhe people of At
tria-Hunary; evacuation of Hum
nla. Serbia and Montenegro
t?uarantees for all the r,alkan ti
sovereignty for Turkey's port!
or the Ottoman empire and nf
omy for, other natlonalltle; an1 I
deDndf nt Poland with secnaj to t
sea; and general association of r
tlon for mutual guarante or ir:
"(Contlaud"oa ViZ .G)