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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (July 23, 1870)
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Orson City, Oregon ,
July 23, 1870.
"Some of our Radical friends don't like
the tone and spirit of the ExTEiu'Kisn since
we have taken charge of it, and are en
deavoring to get parties to discontinue
their patronage to the paptr. While they
have succeeded in showing their own nar
row-minded and proscriptiveness. we are
happy to state that others have come to
our support faster than the Radicals have
withdrawn. At no time since we have
been in this oCice has the subscription list i
of this paper increased as fast and the tone
of it so emphatically endorsed by its pat
rons as it has for the past, month. It has
been the universal rule with the Radicals
of Oregon to attempt this plan to either
cow or intimidate U3 by a withdrawal of
what littl support tlioy have given to our
aper. Whatever may be the course of
other journalist., we cannot be coerced
into a weak kneed or questionable policy
by any threats or withdrawal of patron
age. We are of an independent, and free
disposition, and will publish our own sen
timents, in just such a manner and in
language that cannot be misunderstood,
as suits us. asking no favors or support
from any who cannot endorse a free and
independent paper. When we art; obliged
to succumb to the" dictates of soft-faced
-citizens in order to hold their patronage,
we are not the person to publish the Ex
TEni'Kisjj or anjr other paper. We con
demn freely, without fear or favor from
any source, what we consider to be wrong,
and shall as cheerfully endorse what we
believe to be right. We have fought fhe
Radicals in this State for the past ten
years, when it was dangerous to oppose
them. We were suppressed and our paper
denied the mails. We were threatened by
raobs and a destruction of our office, yet
all this had no terror for us, and now. in
order to hold a little patronage, for which
-we give full consideration, cannot affect
Oour course. We propose to publish a fear
less, independent, white man's paper, one
not controlled by capitalists, office seekers,
or railroad swindlers. We ar opposed
lo the infamous 11th and Lull amend
Qinents, the infernal bonded debt, and the
manner of its contraction : and are op
posed to the capitalists monopolizing, at
the expense of actual sel tiers, the public
domain ; we are emphatically opposed to
ii : ri.: ... i
.uiiovvmg uumese enuer io come uere in i
the future or those here to remain ; we
are opposed to the present national reve
nue system and the harboring of hordes of
'Federal spies and tax collectors on our
people ; we are opposed to the ruinous
tind unjust high tariffs, as being a burden
on the poor, while they protect the rich
and make them still richer. Wo favor
equal rights to all white citizens, taxation
.according to wealth, and a just and econ
omical administration of our state and
National affairs, and the payment-of cur
National debt according to contract, and
only such portions of it as are legally ?.nd
justly due. We propose to ?pcak freely
of any public officer for either neglect of
his duty or a usurpation of bis authority
being erer ready to endorse the right and
honest performance of all public acts. Of
all who can endorse such a paper we ask
their support of no others do we expec4
it and when it i.s bestowed upon us we
want it understood that we give them full
value for (he same, and that, it is their
privilege to take the same away whenever
they see fi Cut they cannot, expect us
to adopt a contemptible or dishonorable
poliey for their patronage.
Thk RiLi.ETtx. We have received the
new daily by this title, printed at Port
Ian c by James O'Meara. publisher. If is
a J2 column paper, presents a very neat
typographical appearance", and is a good
newspaper. In politics it professes to be
independent, but its tone is Radical The
editorial stair consists of Jas. O Menra.
editor-in-chief. I)i9a. A. Ames, assistant,
and J. M. Baltimore, local. It is furnished
at 23 cents per week, or ,810 per year bv '
I T i . t
looin.i uiui omg ana evenni"
edition, also a weekly, which is S3 per
To Contkst. Judge Strahan. Demo
cratic candidate for State Senator in Ren
ton county, and J. W.Dunn, candidate for
Representative, have served notices on
their opponents of their intention tr
test their seats. Renton counly was car-1
Tied by Holladay, Simps n ami William, i
and we have no doubt but what the Demo-!
cratic candidates are entitled to the oRie.
by the legal votes cast in that, county.
Not Taxkp. The Government has pro
hibited the publication of the income tax
list, but Jrom the Oregonian we learn that
the total income tax collected in Oregon
lor the past year is 8108.ot0.01. and the
monthly assessments, with penalties. $S;.-
S21.41. making a grand total ot 8191 SCI j
42. This is the direct Federal tax col- j
lected from our people last year, yet the j
raJ "J" f"J i" ;
Sufferer. A San Francisco dispatch
fays : Among the probable sufferers by
the war incF-urope is Michael Reese, the
eminent philanthropist of San Francisco,
now in Prussia, who. it is reported, has
tegraphe'd to his friends that he is un
able to get away, and fears being drafted.
'ii ii ii mi iii i in i ii 1 i mi w wimmi i m m m r
The State Eights Democrat.
The last Issue of the Democrat gives the
following from the Mercury to i!s readers:
A Republican asked Judge Hayden in
this place the other day. (Mcpherson's
letter to Williams beino: under discussion )
if he thought "any" Democrat could
induced io vote for the return of Williams?
He answered Xo !'' and addfd :
Domocrat that would vote tor the dema
gogue and dead-beat oujrht to be hung up
by the heels and nibbled to death by
young ducks--buried naked without
shroud or coffin, and his funeral be at
tended by a solitary Indian, and a pox
marked one at that."
It then makes the above the pretext
for the following low fling at Mr. Ilayderi:
Good for Hayden ! For hanging pur
poses Albany can furnish the tree stand
ing near the silo of the old Court Ilotw.
The opportunities that they present for
such an emergency were first observed by
he." Union'' speakers at a rally' here
in 18G2. " Den." is a little severe though.
If they weie to be burned in effigy or
crowded into Federal forts until their legs
and arms stick out far enough for the tur
key buzzards to roost on, the punishment
would be ample.
Now every Democratic reader will at
once ask himself as to what j?ood end is to
be subserved by such attacks upon Demo-
crats by professedly Democratic journals.
And even if M r.IIayden is to be reproached
for expressions made in 1SG2. .Mr. Del
linger is not by any means the person to
cast such reproach. There is no Demo
crat in Oregon but what remembers with
disgust Mr. Pellir.gor's craven article in
lSfiu, in the Arena, just after the assassina
tion of the President, in which, prompted
no doubt by fear of a mob. he placed Mr.
Lincoln above Gen. Washington in his
comparison of the two men. IfPen.IIay-
den did utter in 1;
what has been at-
tributed to him, there is no one who knows
him but will forgive and forget it when
they remember that it was the expression
' of a most impulsive yet honest tempera
ment, uttered at a time when nearly every
Douglas Democrat in Oregon was enlisted
in the Union part'. Rut for Mr. Rellinger's
adulation of Lincoln in IS 0.5, there can
possibly be no palliation or excuse. It
was the expression simply of a base, cow
ardly and treacherous nature. Mr. Lin
coln had. by his arbitrary and unconstitu
tional course, alienated all patriotic citi
zens from his support long before the time
of his death, and the Arena, iosue after
issue, had denounced him therefor, and
consequently when the comparison above
referred to appeared in its columns, there
was but one feeling among Democrats in
regard to its editor, and that was a feeling
of unlimited disgust. Mr. Rellinger should
not throw stones. And now that we are
specking of the editor ol ike Democrat it
will perhaps be as well to say a little
to the Albany Convention
the Democrat gave to its readers the fall
text of .Mr. Mungen's speech, thereby giv
ing it -its tacit endorsement. Put just so
soon as the Albany Convention had laid
down the doctrine of equitable adjustment
in regard to the bonded debt. Mr. Rel
linger came out fiercely against the only
logical construction of the eigh'h resolu
tion, and insisted, along with Mr. James
O'Meara and Gen. Jasper W. Johnson,
that the only honest way to do was to pav
the debt, according to the terms of its
fraudulent contract. And furthermore,
the Democrat did its utmost to produce
d:scord in the party by obtruding the edi
tor's personal views in regard to the mat
ter persistently before the people, and bv
endeavoring to provoke retorts from othe'i
Rut it, signally
ei journals of the Ssate
knew there was no responsibility attached
to its diatribes, inasmuch as the Lir.n
county delegation in the State Convention
had vo'ed to a man for the crigina! eighih
resolution. And furthermore still, while
every other Democratic journal in the
Sf;ite was making war upon Mr. Holladay.
the right knave of the Republican party,
Mr. Rellinger was most painfully silent in
regard to him until after election. And
there is not half a dozen Democrats in the
State who do not believe that said silence
was procured by Mr. Holladay s agent.
Geo. E. Cole, who made a visit to the
Democrat office just after the Albany Con
vention. Mr. Rei linger has utterly lost
the confidence of the Democratic party,
and it is really due to the Democracy of
Linn county trial they procure the services
of some person lo edii the Davocrat who
is not constantly fomenting discord in the
ranks of the Democracy by assailing their
principles and maligning their members.
The War in Europe.
In our telegraphic dispatches this week
will be found full reports of the inaugur
ation of war between France and Prussia.
e war was declared on the part of
France on the apparent cause of the can-
didacy of Prince Leopold to the crown of
Spain, and insults offered to her Ministers.
Rt the Prince himself withdrew his name
from the candidacy, and this would seem
to have been sufficient for France to de
sist in her desire for war. Rut we pre
sume that the real cause of the war on the
part of France is, that her tuibulent con
dition at home demanded, for her own
peace, that a war with another power must
be had. and the least pretence that offered
"""" f UVC'hy havc
TiU' erid of hU C0!'"icl
to be accepted
t ro one can ini-
af P'' T!u' fjl'C('s of tLe respective na-
'. l1 n,u iCiunl- nd are under com
P'ete and thorough mil itarv-organizaf ion.
trance, perhaps, i, better pirpared to
commence the war. but Prussia v. ill be
fully her equal with a few days' prepara
tion. The largest part of the Great Pow
of Europe will ti,iu.r rt.mairi neutral
or side with Prussia. Put it ui,mn.
lertnm nn 1 ..
i" l--ccuiaUOn On nnr nnrl
may be the final issue or reuUof the war
now began. The whole of Europe may
he involved in it be'orc i- ri 'ri "
muicauons now are thit q.; .. .. ,
il'rr r T, . , .
. J x . . "l- a'ia Austria of France. It
w our opinion, however. ,h,t if ,!l0 war
continues for any i,nfftb of tURe. lhe enthv
European comment will lu,cora, invo,vt.fl
m tne conflict. Roth France ae.d Pn,!a
are enthusiastically endorsed hy tLl.ir re.
speetive people, and go into the conflict
with great zeal and determination. If th
contest, remains between the two powers
which have commenced it.it will be about
equal, but there can be no doubt that
other European powers will be forced into
it before it is ended.
The news of the war has caused an ad
vance in wheat all over Europe and the
United States, and while we should lametil
the misfortunes of war.it will undoubt
edly result beneficial to our State in all
her" industrial pursuits, especially to the
Last Sunday we received the following
letter. On the outside of the envelope
was marked. 4,If not delivered within three
days, return to Jas. D. Upton. Portland,
or if delivered, make a minute of the date'
PoKTi.Axn. July ICth. 1870.
A. Noltxkr, Esq. Dear Sr : I re
ceived a copy of your paper issue of the
Dull inst., and find an item commencing
at the head of the fourth column of the
second page entitled The Di'l'ei ence."'
There is no name attached thereto, conse
quently 1 have to request of you the name
of the author ; or if it is an editorial direct
from yourself that you will acknowledge
it so to be by return mail.
You will oblige vours. itc.
JAMES R. UPTON.
To which we immediately replied as
Oregon-City, July 17. 1870.
Jas. R. Ui'Tox, Esq. Dear Sir : Your
favor of the Kith inst. is duly received. I
cannot see that you have any personal in
terest in the article referred to in your
letter, and therefore decline furnishing
you the required information.
With due respect, I am vours.
We waited almost breathlessly for the
three days to expire which were allowed
for the deliverance of the letter after our
reply, to see what fate there was in store
for us, but up to this wiiting we have rot
heard of anything unusual. It may be
well to state that Mr. Jas. R. Upton is the
son of Judge Upton, to whom our article
alluded, and it may be also well to state
that we did not say one word relative to
the author of the above letter, and could
not recognize his light to inquire into our
affairs. We spoke of Judge Upton as a
public servant, and have no quarrels to
fight, with anyr private individual. The
article in question v." as in the paper as
editorial, and the editor's name is pluinly
printed on the first page of the paper. II
this paper does any man an injustice, or
any public officer, its columns are ready
tor corrections at any time, and we are
read)' to defend whatever we say iu the
ExriCKi'iasf. No tears or threats will in
timidate us from what we consider a plain
and honest duty. We have alwas enter
tained the highest respect for Judge Upton
and his sons, and have nothing personally
against any of them. Our liht with Judge
Upton is as Judge, and not as a private
citizen. We regard his action in the mat
ter of the contests now before him as
rather strange, and we are not alone in
this respeci. The time for an appeal of
these cases is fast passing away, and the
motion for a murulamus was heard last
t-aturday. which was taken under advise
ment, and up to this time (five days after
the motion was hoard) , no decision has
been rendered If the cases were placed
on trial next Monday, it would probably
take the entire week to hear the evideneo.
and then, if the Judge saw fit, he could
reserve his opinion until alter the rneering
of the Supreme Court. This would give
the present occupants nearly the entire
two years before the cases couid be de
cided. Against this we protest, and the
cases should be heard without delay. The
action of Judge Upton in the matter this
year is very different to what it was two
years since, and it is very plainly seen.
The Eailrcad Question.
The Radical papers appear to be in
great distress in regard to the railroad
prospects of our State, and a person would
think that Geo. II. Williams and Reu. Hol
laday are the only persons who can either
build rail ron ds.secu re land grants, or have
the best interests of the people at heart.
They are very fearful that if Williams is
not re-elected to the Senate (which is a
foregone fact, thank God) the southern
part and the west sidj of our State will
not have railroads, and they have declared
it through their organs,, and Ren. himself
has done so, that unless he gets things
just to suit himself he will build his road
only to the head of the valley. It is some
what remarkable that this railroad in
Southern Oregon should assume such
great proportions it this particular time.
If Sen iter Williams is a man of such
g'gantic influence as he is represented,
why will he not be able to have his pet
bill for Ren. Holladay passed before his
term of office expires, or why did he not
succeed daring the last se.-.sion? This is
not a new question, but th truth of the
matter is, it has been reserved bv the
demagogue to aid him in his re-election.
The opposition to the Pengra route is cre
ated by those land sharks because there
is an opportunity offered by it which will
not give Holladay a complete monopoly
of all o;r transportation and travel. Wo
apprehend that there are be others who
will be willing and ready to build these
roads, ami also that the world would progs-ess
it Geo. II. Williams and Rea. Holla
day were both out ot it.
It has been claimed by the Radicals
that Ren. Holladay would proceed to
ouild the west side road. We are reliably
informed that he has not yet the posses
sion of That franchise, and probably never
wi'l get it. If the people of the west side,
who have a more direct interest in the
matter, know what is best for them, they
will retain that ft anchise and trust toother
parties to construct the road for them.
This cry that he has - bought the road is
probably gotten up to keep other railroad
men out of the State, and besides. suppose
that Mr. Holladay does not build his road
through Rogue River Valley, there are
others who will. The biU granting lands
on tliis route gives it to two companies.
and i. Mr. Holladay fails lo go South with
,r " !
alleys, the other
his road through these v
company, which is now building two miles t
of railroad io his one, and over a much
worse conntry.icM pass their road through
ilmpqua and Rogue river valleys. We
believe that it has been and is nw the
purpose of Ren. Holladay to monopolize
the railroad interest of Oregon, and that
fit and not the people, i
The following is part of the section of the j
bill which grants the lanus ior uie con
struction of the railroad, and it will be
s.en that the same must pass through both
Umpqua and Rogue river valleys, and
suppose that Mr. Holladay goes no further
than Eugene, the other company will meet
him there, and it would be but a short
time before they would run their road
into Portland. Or, suppose the Pengra
company get their grant, does not any
sensible" man kuowthat that company
would noi stop their road at the head of
the valley, but 'would naturally move
down the west side to Portland. He has
attempted to grab this west side, and thus
virtually prevent any prospect of a road
being built on that siae. 11 uie ummiua
company can obtain the franchise of the
west side, the V will not hesitate to bring
their road in" the valley, and no man of
sense would suppose that that company
would build a road to our southern bound
ary and stop it there. The whole cry is a
political dodge, and bears falsehood and
trickery on the face of it. Here is the
first section of the bill, and it will be seen
from it that the prospects for a railroad
through Rogue river and Umpqua valleys
are as good independent of Williams and
Holladay as they are with them and cer
tainly much better for a road on the west
sile. li the west side franchise falls into
Holladay "s bunds he will be complete
master ol the situation, and will use his
power for no good to the people of that
That the " California and Oregon Rail
road Company." organized under an act
of the Stale oi' California. " to protect cer
tain parties in and to a railroad survey, to
connect Portland in Oregon, with Aiarys
ville. in California,'' approved April sixth,
eighteen hundred and sixty-three, and
such company organized under the laws
of Oregon as the legislature of said State
shall hereif ler designate, be. and they are
hereby, authorized and empowered to lay
out. locate, construct, finish and maintain
a railroad and telegraph line between the
city of Portland, m Oregon, and the Cen
tral Pacific railroad, in California, in the
manner following, to wit : The said Cali
fornia and Oregon Railroad Company to
construct that part of the said railroad
and telegraph within the State of Cali
fornia, beginning at some point (to be
selected by said company) on the Central
Pacific railroad in the Sacramento valley,
in the State of California, and running
thence northerly, through the Sacranienvo
and Shasta valleys, to the northern bound
ary of the State of California ; and the
said Oregon company to construct that
part of the said railroad ami telegraph
line within the State of Oregon, beginning
at the city of Portland, in Oregon, and
running thence southerly, through the
Willamette. Umpqua. and Rogue River
valleys, to lhe southern boundary of Ore
gon, where the same shall connect with
the part aforesaid to be made by the first
named company : I'rovided, That the com
pany completing its i espective part of lhe
said railroad and telegraph from either of
the termini herein named to the line be
tween California and Oregon betore the
other company shall have likewise arrived
at the same line, shall have the right, and
the said company is hereby authorized, to
continue in constructing the same beyond
the line aforesaid, with the consent of the
State in which the unfinished part may lie,
upon the terms mentioned in this act. until
the said par's shall meet and connect, and
(he whole line of said railroad and tele
graph shall be completed.
In this connection we publish an ex
tract from the Oregon Itcpiibtican (Radi
cal), w hich presents some forcible facts,
and shows what the people of that section
think of their prospects for a railroad :
This gentleman (Ren. Holladay) in a
letter to the Oregonian. says that he in
tends to build his railroad to the head of
the valley as rapidly as possible, and then
contiiwie south to the State line, upon con
dition that the bill granting lands to the
Humboldt road is passed so as to bring
that road in on the southern- line of the
State, and not otherwise ;and that it is the
desire of the Company to build their road
to the State line south, and will f!o so un
less Congress shall unfavorably legislate.
Now, we don't want to discourage Mr.
llolladay's railroad enterprise, but we
think we can plainly see. in Mr. H.'s letr
ter. an attempt lo throw sand in the eyes
of the people of the west side, and. as we
have said before, we do not intend to be
humbugged much more if we can possibly
help it. In the first place, if Mr. Holladay
intends to build one hundred rnilesof road
this year, as he says, he will have to op
erate much faster than he has here'tofore.
It is over two years since he undertook
this little job. and about the only thing he
has accomplished is to get the benefit of
the original land grant, which we are sat
isfied fairly belonged to the west side.
Men who build railroads at the present
day and age. do not operate that way.
The truth is. Mr. Holladay well knows
that railroading in Oregon at present
would not be a very profitable investment,
but running a line of old ships between
Portland and San Francisco is a lucrative
business, and the object of his railroad op
erations here are apparent to us. We sup
pose he will, alter a year or two more,
complete a road lo Salem, provided he
does not see an opportunity to sell and
make a spec ; but it it takes so much blow
and so long s, time to build what little he
has (and there is not one person in fifty in
Oregon that knows Le. has yet completed
any) how much of a storm of wind and
how long will it take to complete the road
to the State line? Let some good mathe
matician calculate. It is true, just now
there is quite a force at work, but then
the Oregon Legislature holds a session in
a few weeks. How was it two years ago.
and now the see:ie. is to be -e enacted at
the coming Legislature, and the people
bilked a second time.
And what is worse than all, the people
on Hie west side are 10 have their already
outraged feelings insulted by the pretence
that this finaru ial king (so-called) is to
build a railroad on the west side of the
river; and we should not wonder if Mr.
H. placed a gung of Chinamen, or some
body else, on the line ot lhe road just be
fore the sitting cf lhe Legislature, so as to
again test the gullibility of the people.
We advise our friends on the west side to
beware. If Mr. Holladay is able to build
two railroads, nuin ng parallel with each
other, and within ten miles, then most cer
tainly he is able to build one road. Let
him build that one first, then we may have
some confidence in liw building a second
If Mr. Holladay is to carry the in
terests of the people of Oregon in the palm
of his hand to trifle with at pleasure, then
we had better surrender at once and be
come Lis slaves. It remains to be seen
w hether or not he controls the next Legis
lature, irrespective of party. Let the peo
pie look well to the acts of their servants,
' , (ln it for thtM.e is no valid excuse
for the manner in which the people of the
west eide have been treated.
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
Wasiiixotox. July 15. The closing
hours of the session passed away without
and extraordinary incident in legislation
further than a fight over the five million
Indian appropriation bill. The bill to ad
mit Georgia, to reduce the army, funding
bill, and the tax and tariff bill were all
passed. Numerouns land grant, bills from
the Senate, and the apportionment bill
were ail killed in the House. The
Australian steamship matter and Texas
Pacific Railroad bill go over till next ses
sion. Charles E. Delong, now Minister Resi
dent, was confirmed as Envoy Extraordi-
nary anu .Mimsrer 1 lenipoieuuary io
Japan. M. D Wi eeler was continued as
melter and refiner of the branch mint at
Washington, July IS. All the North
German steam lines have ceased running.
Our foreign males are stopped at Ralti
more and New York. The Postmaster
General is engaged in effecting a tempo
rary arrangement with the Cunard and
Inman lines of steamers to carry our
mails. Several American parties have
put in propositions to carry the mails in
vessels under our flag. This will receive
consideration at once ; meanwhile it is
thought certain of our mails will be
carried by English vessels.
A large number of Germans called on
the Prussian Consul -here, and expressed
a willingness to return and take service in
the Prussian army. The Consul tele
graphed the intelligence to Rismarck.
Private dispatches from Washington
report that Admiral Porter recommended
the enlistment of 18,000 seamen and imme
diately placing the navy on a war footing.
The President is being advised lo convene
Cor gross at an early day to legislate
Paws, July 10. Belgium has destroyed
all the bridges on the French frontier.
Russia and Prussia are reported in full
Paws. July 10. Russia is said to be in
full accord. An effort will be made to
localize the war between France and
Prussia. Germany not being a party to the
question at. issue.
Romk. July 10. A Liberal uprising is
expected here. Fears of au attack on the
city are entertained.
Ronher last night toTd the French Sen
ate that Prussian troops had passed the
frontier of France.
Italy and Denmark assure the great
Powers of their intention to preserve a
Paws, July 10. It is said that France
will oppose lo Prussia a revolving rifled
cannon, snooting 40 balls per minute.
Perhaps it is a Hymen American gun.
The French forces on the frontier are
estimated at E:).0;)().
It is believed the Prussians will attack
the fortified city of Metz from two direc
tions, vis: From Bienville and Kehl. It
is said the French are throwing bridges
over thn Rine. near Kehl. The French
army is concentrating at Mez.
The French gunboat flotilla is on the
Rhine. Admiral Gerometli commanding.
The ballanee of the fleet will immediately
bombard the Prussian ports. French gun
boats are already in Prussian waters and
rivers. The army and navy will attack
simultaneously. The French fleet is
watching the Prussian fleet in the English
Channel, awaiting orders to attack.
Sweden will remain nential. Denmark
and the Key of the Baltic offer to join
France ; Austria remains neutral ; Russia
also is neutral, and says so frankly to
I'm: r.ix, July
mobilization of the
17. The immediate
entire Prussian armv
M t x K'H, J n iy 1 7 The
including tl.e reserve corps
ordered to fake the field.
HAMiirnc. July 17. King William sent
to the chamber of Commerce ol' this city
gratefull acknowledgements for the pat rf
otic address of that body.
Paws. July 17. It is reported lhat the
meeting ot the High Court, of Justice has
been indefinitely postponed. A General
amnesty will be proclaimed to cover all
cases before that court, except that, of
conspiracy against the life of the Emperor.
It is announced that 280.000 French
troops are ready to cross into Germany.
The. Zouaves from Africa are disembark
ing at Marseilles.
London. July 17. Authentic reports
are received that large bodie3 of Russian
troops 250,000 in all -have been con
centrated on the frontier and divided into
two commands, with all the appointments
of two distinct armies, artillery, cavalry,
infantry and engineers, apparently ready
to be sent across the line on the first
announcement that Austria takes sides in
the present conflict. If Austria should
attempt to aid France by sending away
any considerable number of troops, Rus
sia is evidently making ready to take ad
vantage of the movement by precipitating
those mobilized armies on Austrian terri
tory. Paws, July 17. Midnight, Enthusiasm
is intense. The people offer to pay double
taxes. Police are oblige to protect the
residences of Thiers and Favre. who are
opposed to the war.
Prussia proposes to invade France with
A loan of six-months treasury bonds to
the amount ot 500. 000. 000 francs was ta
ken " --. .in a fef hours. The Credit Fon
cier'aiid lhe Rank of France made efforts
to mobilize it.
London, July 17. The Crown Prince.
Frederick, will take command of the arm
ies of the States of South Germany.
London. July 17. A dispatch from Rer
lin says, the South German States respond-
i ig to Prussia's notice of a declaration of
war. are enthusiastic in support of Fader
land. Poliiical differences are obliterated
by the aggressions of France.
Columns of Prussian troops are moving
in the direction of the Rhine and the
Paws. July 17. It is rumored that an en
gagement took place near Forbad) result
ing in loss to the Prussians of 3.000 Killed;
Frenc h loss 2.000. The report is traced to
no reliable source.
The Monitenr says Franco desires the
neutrality of Belgium shall be maintained
but will "require Prussia to be held to an
Last night, by order of Prusian aufbori
fies. railway and teiegrap communication
between Frame and Prussia was destroy
ed. The Opinion Xatianalc. Prince Napo
leon's organ, says, we learn from pood
authority that Paly has tendered France,
at the hitter's option, either her friendly
neutrality or uncond tional aid. It adds
that Prussia has offered a province to Aus
tria for an alliance
London-. July IS. The Morning Post
has a double-headed article containing the
following: "Any viobvion of Belgian
territory ends England's neutrality'
The Times says it expect to beobliged
to chronicle Prussian reverses at first,
owing to superior preparations and effi
ciency of the French army. Prussia needs
at least another fortnight to get all in
readiness. The Times also says France,
without shadow of excuse or justification!
plunges Europe in a war of which no
person living may see tLe. end.
Paws, July IS. France demands a de
cision from South German States by noon
The Gaulols says the English Govern
ment has instructed Lord Lyons to com
municate with Grauiniont on the subject
of neutrality of Holland, which England
Bki:un, July 18. The official pres3 as
serts that Bennedette, lately French Am
bassador in this city, courted the insult by
repeatedly addressing the King after he
had received Prussia's ultimate answer,
and renewing insolent demands. It says
he was recalled by the French Govern
ment, but had leave of absence granted
him on a matter altogether foreign to the
question at issue.
Zcmcii, July 18. Switzerland -will
maintain a nied neutrality. The Cham
bers have granted plenaty powers to the
State Council to raise money and troops.
Coi'knha;kn. July. 18. The neutrality
of Sweden has just been officially announc
ed, the Government having previously
communicated with France.
Pauls, July IG.Le Claquer, Republican
organ, holds that the Empire is answera
ble for the war without a pretext.
Baron Alfonso Rothschilds has resigned
the Prussian Consuls Genership here. The
King of Prussia refused to receive him at
Carl-tuciie. July 18. Troops are arriv
ing by Ponden and are euc.anped at Rad
Pakit, July 18.--The Fgarosxys Frarc.
distrusts Belgian neutrality, because Gens.
Briolernt and Mayele, appointed to the
command of Belgian ies. rves are known
to be unfriendly to 1' ranee.
Chicago, July 18. The war excitement
tonlinues unabated, especially among
Germans, several hundred of whom, it is
reported, left to-day for New York with
the intention of pioceeding to Fatherland
to ioin the forces ot Prussia
Lieut. Gen. Sheridan iutends to leave
for Europe in a few days, to take observa
tions of the approaching conflict.
Nkw Yoijk, July IS.' The Germans had
a meeting to-night. Intense Prussian
sympathy was exhibited, speeches were
made proposinsr prizes for the bravest of
the Prussian regiments. A committee
stated that workmgmen would oner a
prise of $200,000 and a flag to the first
regiment that distinguished itself in an
engagement. A committee was appointed
to see the President and Secretary of
State in relation to protection of German
Washington, July If). The French
Minister called upon the Secretary of
State to-dav. and verbally informed him
that France would be governed by th
provisions of the Treaty of Paris.
Nkw Yokk, 11), 1 p. m. Bismarck savs
private property on the high seas will be
exempt from seizure, without regard to
the reciprocity. The French transatlantic
company's ships will make regular trips.
A company of agricultural journalists,
representing twenty papers in various
States, left here this morning lor San
The naval appropriation made by Con
gress is by no means adequate to .he
necessities of the service at present, and
would be vastly in arrears of any requisi
tion which might be made should the
pending difficulties stretch across the
A' lan tic. Our navy, consisting of 82
vessels, is sadly disabled now, both by
want of men and complete ships, the lat
ter part ol which need thorough repairs.
Pauls. July 18. The Ministry have sub
mitted to the Corps Lenislatif a law pro
viding against the publication of infoi ma
lion regarding the troops and military
operations; violations punishable by line
ot five, thousand francs and suspension of
The Minister of Finance asked of the
Corps Legislatif a supplemental credit of
4f!).()!)0.tHji) francs for the war budget, and
G0.000 000 for lhe navy.
There is the best of feeling between the
French and Spanish authorities along the
London". July. IS. Specials say thaf
Gen. Moltke stated in a Prussian Cabinet
council that Prussia was never better
prepared for war than at the present
There is a rumor that the French troops
have commenced bombarding Saar.
Troops are passing wesiward. Some
have received orders, perhaps on account
of apprehensions respecting Austria.
Dispatches from the continent report
that Prussia has received a formal declara
tion of war from France.
Strasbourg has been placed under mar
In the House of Commons -while the
Premier was speaking a dispatch from
Lord Lyons was handed to him announcing
lhe formal declaration of war by the
French Government to Berlin. Gladstone
then said that all the papers would be
published as soon as possible and a
meafure looking to the preservation of
neutrality was in preparation. Particu
lar attention would be paid to the status
of belligerents in British ports.
The trial of the Fenian conspirators is
concluded by the conviction-and sentence
of Pavett to fifteen years and Wilson to
17 vears imprisonment at hard labor.
Sr. i'ktkksbciu;, July 18. Authentic ad
vices from Teitsin through Siberia confirm
the reports of the massacre of foreigners
in China. The on t rages were committed
June 10th. The natives destroyed French
establishments, but Germans were un
touched. Representatives from foreign
powers at Pekin had addressed a printed
note to the Chinese Government demand
ing punishment and indemnity.
Nkw Your, July 10. A Tribune's Lon
don special says : Private letters from
Paris represent prospects of a serious
trouble between France and England.
The French Government is furious at the
tone of English papers, and threatens to
refuse all applications from English jour
nalists for army passes.
Certain membeis of the House of Com
mons held a meeting yesterday to consider
the propriety of holding a large gather
ing to express sympathy with Prussia.
Prominent members have written letters
approving the project. Woikiugmen pro
pose holding a similai meeting. The feel
ing in London against France is intense.
It is universally believed ihat the troops
recently called home from English colo
nies have been concentrated in antici. la
tum of the present war. Great Britain
has now at home depots 1)5.000 troops, and
can muster about 300.000. There is also
great activity in the navy. It is reported
that secret instructions had been given to
French officers that troops shall divide all
the land they conquer.
Loxnox. July FJ. The Taws this morn
ing abandons all hopes of mediation .The
s void must now decide.
Pi-ni.s. July IS. La Lihcrte (Thier's
party organ), gives the French Pro
gramme. The army will fir.-t occupy
Hesse to neutralize the Southern Slates of
Germany ; then occupy and fortify Frank
fort. From (his point they will sweep all
Prussian Territory to the left of the Rhine
and enter Prussia by way of 'Westphalia,
and reconstruction of Confederation will
The Patrie of (his morning says the
Prussian Ambassador, at Vienna, now
here, en route started last night for Berlin
with the omcial declaration cf war.
OF THE FINANCES OF CLACKAMAS
Courty, lor the liscal year commencing
July Cth, 1309, and ending July Din, lS7o.
State tax collected
State Poll tax
By Sec'5' State receipt
lor State tax.
By Sec y State receipt
"for poll tax
School tax freui al sources. . . .
On baud as par last report.Q.
By amount paid out on
School Supei intend
By aui't iu Treasury. . .
Amount of money received from
sources as follows, to wit : Trial
fees, land redeemed, District At
torney's fees, ferry licenses, for
feited road bond, expense of
view and change of road from
Canemah to I'arrott Bidge fry
O. C. H. 11. Co., and expense ot
suit Clackamas Co, vs. P. T.
Co., paid by J. T. Co l.ou ft.-.
Amount of tax paid into Treasury . 16,43575
jiouey on naua ai last report 2,50o 04
uy reueemea ana can
celled orders since la.-t
report to July 9,1870. 16,241 43
By loss on legal tender
discounted 123 51
Money in Treasury 3,oSl 33 19,951
Am't of expenditures forelectiou. Glo
Per diem and mileage of County q
Assessing and collection of taxes,
Uridge, lumber, and repair of
Expenses paid in suit of the coun
ty vs 1. T. Co
Circuit Court expenses
Kent of Court llou-e. Clerk's of
fice, and salary of officers
Criminal cases expense of.
District Attorney's fees
Repair of jail, wood and lights. .
Expenses of paupers and insane..
Expenses of County Couit
Expenses of viewing andsurvej--ing
O 15 l
Amount for which or
ders have been drawn.
Amount of outstanding
orders at last report. .
By am't of Co. orders redeeir.ee! . . PlG, 2 11
By ain't of Co. orders outstanding
July 9th, 1S70 4,94,1
. 4,9-le '
To outstanding orders '
Judgment vs. P. B. Hannah. .
Money iu Treasury
Amount of indebtedness over uui
. 1 ,2 SO r)7
Received from all sources 32,557 17
ram Mate Ireasurer.. 9,151
Paid out on School Su
perintendent's orders. 3.S9S
Amount school fund in
Ameunt count' orders
Discount on Ieral tender lS
Amount ol money iu O
Treasury 3,531 S3
J. XL FRAZEIt,
Oregon City, July 9, 1870:23w2 "
. - iin ui Uoes Hut slIMfOV rtt.tce t'.
m m mimm miimmtatmumtmtmimm ad ate. tmiit&i
short time, but it produces peifect ai.d per
manent cures of the worst ca-es of Chronic
Nasal Catarrh, and u-ill pay $500 rcttanl
for a ease that I canvvt K-vre. ''Cold in the
head " and Catarrhal Headache are cured
with a few applications. If yon have a dis
charge from the nose, oSensive or otherwise,
stopping up of the nose at times, partial
loss of the sense of smell, taste or hearing,
eyes watering or weak, feel dull, have pain
or preasivrfl-iu the bead, yon may rest assurefc
that you have Catarrh. Thousands annually,
without manifesting half of tie aoeve sys
tems, terminate in consumption andotnd in
the grave. JCo disease is so common, more
deceptive or less understood by physicians.
I will send my pamphlet on Catanli to any
address free. Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy is
SOLD BY MOST DRUGCISTS IX LL
PARTS OF THK WORLD. 0
Price 50 cents Sent by mail, postpaid, on O
receipt of 00 cents, or four packages for two
dollars. Beware of coMntrrftils and worth
less imifatifijig. See that mv private tamp.
which is a positive gnai-aiitce of gtnvintitt.
is upon the outside wrapper. Remend'er
that this private stamp, issued by the United
States Government expressly for stamping
my medicines, has my portrait, name ami
address, and the words U. S. Certificate of
Genuineness engraved upon it, and need
not be misraken. Don't be swindled by
travelers and others, representing themselves
as Dr. Sage ; I am the oidy man now living
that has the knowledge and ri;rbt to manu
facture the genuin Dr. Safe's Catarrh Rem
edy, and I never travel to sell tiffs mediciue.
R. V. PIERCE. XL D., n
ju23m3 1S3 Seneca street, Buffalo. N.Y.
II OLDIXG WARRANTS
t Clackamas C- untvofthe follow
ing numbers can have coin for the same br
cal.ing at the Treasurer's office, at the store
of John XIers, Oregon City, Oregon. Iu-
Ab. Ao. A. JVo. Xo.
52 2i75 351 L (34 Jjsiu
3434 132 2795 3035 57
2775 C2 152 2551 35ti2'
244 S 2611 47 51 2535
3807 55 2(517 3So9 1S4
2730 3508 17 3! SI 3G29
153 3117 3i27 3S21 2213
i) 83 3150 41 79
313S 61 7S. 92 27(2
3o3l 3524 352j 297o 57
Treasurer Clackamas County
Orecon City, July 23, 1S70. w3"
IS T1EREBV GIVEN THAT THE UNDER
sigued has been, by ttie County Court f
Clackamas county, appointed Admistrator,
with the will annexed, of the estate of James O
L. Loiing, deceast-d. All per.-ons having
claims against said estat are required lo
present them to the undersigned, in Port
land, Multnomah county, with the proper
vouchers, within six months from the date
Portland, Orecon, July 10th, 1879.
" W. W. CHAPMAN,