The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871, November 21, 1868, Image 2

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Oregon Oity, Oregon ,
Nov. 21, 1363.
St. Joe claims
thirty thousand.
a population of
California is shipping potatoes
to Japan.
-The West Iudia rebels are de
stroying valuable property.
During the l&st twenty-five years
the Odd Fellows have educated 45
O90 children in this country.
White Pine district, a new sil
ver region in Nevada, is said to out
-do Washoe or Owyhee.
The wedding of Speaker Colfax
-and Miss Wade took place at A ndover
on Wednesday.
Ressin, the great Italian musical
composer, aged-77, died on the 15th
in Paris.
A mob destroyed the Eensley
ilouriDg mill3 and dam, on Clear Lake
outlet, California, on the 15th.
eon overflow of lands.
Sacramento thinks, and so does
Portland, that the best part of San
Francjsco will move up for firmer
footing, since the last earthquake.
-The schooner Lulu, built at
' Port Madison, "was successfully
'launched on the 13th inst. She is
-said'tobe the fiuest vessel ever built
-on the coast.
II. T. Helmbold thought to do
something " nice," no doubt, when he
gave $40,000 to the New York City
Seymour corruptionists. He had
better have given it to the Widows'
and Orphans' fund. .
. The Tammany Hall Democracy
want to cast all the votes for Grant.
This is surely a good move of theirs,
but will they remain surrendered if
we take'their votes, or will they not
try to hoodwink Union men worse
and worse, in four years from now ?
The Post's Washington special
soys the British government has con-
- ceded the point at issue in the San
Juan business, by agreeing to withv
3raw the joint occupancy of the island.
'This gives the United States control
of Puget Sound, and ono of the best
harbors between Sitka and San
-Col. Warren, of the California
that the World's
Fair in 1870 should be held on tbis
We admire the Colonel's en
but think he is a little too
fast, even for California. However,
Ave aro tending that way, for the
'Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows will
, meet in Sau Francisco next year.
An important change was made
civ the first of October in charges on
..printed matter sent from this coast
by the overland mails. Printed mat-
' ter ha3 hitherto been charged the
-6arne3 letter postage. This regula-
! tiotf has caused much vexation and
floss to persons who did not understand
the law, as matter placed in the mails
- v'iih newspaper postage was not for-
warded. Since the 1st of October,
printed matter has been sent at
newspaper rates.
South Carolina gives her vote
' to Grant and Colfax. The Eugene
Journal says that Oregon, New York
and New Jersey are the only North
ern States now mourning by the
grave of treason and rebellion ; and
that this spectacle is made still more
sorrowful by the fact that " the
mother of treason" deserted her child
iu it dying hour aud left it a disgrace
to itself and a shame to the world.
George Francis Train refuses
the services of the Government in his
behalf while they allow the Irish
Americans to remain in a British bas
'tile. He says: " I shall have a sler
-cotypti lecture ready by the time I
reach America, which I shall be pre
pared to deliver throughout the Uni
ted States from Maine to Oregon,
and from the lakes to the Gulf of
Mexico. Here it is : ' England
Bombarded with Bastile Epigrams ;
by Cms Americaxcs Sum.'" He
was yet in prison at Dublin on the
30th ult.
H. C. Huston, the Democratic
Senator from Polk county, writes to
the Herald :
"I did resigumy seat in the Sen
ate ; but then some Democrats said
it was a pity I had not resigned at
. "ttfc ocnig me case
1 hope, no one will call me a 4 seces'
Bionist.' l may be permitted to add
O that fools and knaves, in offica, ' sel
dom die and never resign.' I know
there are plenty of men who are hun
gry for my scat, and who are very
O o orry ih&t my name was ever on the
Democratic ticket ; therefore, to ac
o commodate them and myself, I give
O them a chance. While 1 care but lit
0 tie for the past, I feel irtclined to de.
jnd ray reputation, even to denying
th at I ever was in the Legislature, if
. u:h a thiug were pc-sjjib'c.''
From the Chicago Times of October 21.
At the close of the proceeding oa
Change yesterday, the President of
the board introduced to the board the
Rev. George H. Atkinson, of Orrgon,
who thanked them for their courtesy
in giving him a chance to ppeak to
them of the resources of the north
West coast, where he bad been for
twenty years. He had already spoken
to the Chamber of Commerce, New
York, and had been invited to do the
same thing before other bodies. They
had heard in Stevens' and other re
ports of the temperature of the coast,
of the resources of grain, forests and
grasses, and had possibly doubted
their truth. They had heard that the
Oregon climate was much more tem
perate than theirs it was in accord
ance with a law which he would state.
They all knew how much climatehad
to do with products and population.
The entire west coast bordered on
the Facific, and was affected by an
immense current of warm air flowing
from the tropics. It was also loaded
with moisture. The physical con
formation of the coast was also pe
culiar. There came first the higher
coast range, and then back of that
another and a higher chain, lower,,
however, at Puget Sonnd than farther
south. Then, east of that, were the
Rocky Mountains. These ranges
caught the moisture of that air cur
rent, and precipitated it in rain, which
flowed down their sides, the greater
amount being intercepted, however,
by the first two ranges. Thus the
vast range was covered with dense
forests of sf ruces ten feet in diameter,
and of firs 300 feet high. Puget
Sound was the region of lumber, sup
plying English and American vessels,
and the China trade. These forests,
too, were continually growing, and
made that northwest the region where
were the grandest forests on th:s
As another result of this air current,
the grasses were very rich and abund
ant. The Indian horses lived all
winter cn the bunch grass which,
owing to the little amount of snow
falling near the Cascades, were not
covered. Farmers now frequently
let their cattle take care of them
selves, relying on this continual
growth of grass. The best wheat in
America the best flour came from
"Oregon. They might have seen some
of the enormous kernels of wheat.
That was due to the air current. For
the last year Oregon had sent her
wheat to New York and Liverpool,
at a profit. They had also the mines,
which were as yet partially developed,
and which were found
all aioncr the
second mountain range
and in the
spurs of the Kooky.
As far as the climate and the route
for a northern railroad was concerned,
he would say there could be no con
flict between the three proposed lines.
The one from St. Paul west would
develop a rich country, and would
also give the shortest way to China
and Japan, and that with a lower
gradient.. That northern region not
only had resources but it was near to
them. There was less snow north
than south, because the higher south-
em mountains caught
while at the north it was very d lifer
ent. There was nothing to make
snow of the current from the Pacific
raised the temperature the whole dis
tance. He had thus mentioned one of the
great laws iegulating the Pacific
coast, and would close by saying that
Alaska was a good bargain, worth
five times what was paid, because it
had a tolerably warm cl invite. There
Were no icebergs and no white bear,
but there were numerous deer, which
necessarily had to feed cn grass.
There were cod, salmon and halibut
fisheries of great value. The furs
there also formed a great item. There
were fifty thousand fur-bearing ani
mals killed by the Russim Fur Com
pany a few years ago. There was
coal, which the Russians used in 1SG0
to run their steam engines. There
were also immense lumber interests
iu Alaska. The acquisition of that
country bad been very advantageous
to the whaling trade, because whalers
could refit at Sitka or Kodiak, iu
steod of going to Honolulu or San
Francisco, and save months. By ap
plying that to twenty ships, it made
a great saving.
He hoped his remarks would lead
to an inquiry into the prospects and
resources of the great Northwest.
The New Y'ork Shaping List
notices at length the new line of sail
ing vessels which has been established
between that city and Portland. The
first vessel recently arrived out, after
a long passage. The SaUie Brown
was dispatched in April last with an
assorted cargo of 700 tons, aud the
second, the barque Osmyn, cleared
out a few days since with a similar
cargo of 800 tons. The four-masted
ship Hattie C. Besse is now on the
berth at pier 9, East River. The
Hattie C. Besse wa3 formerly the
gunboat GenessetJoit at the Charles
ton, Mass., Navy Yard. She has
lately been overhauled and converted
into a sailing vessel at Wilmington,
Delaware. If the experiment of di
rect trade is successful,a large amount
of . wheat will probably be shipped
from the Columbia river to New
York. This new commercial venture
will be watched with some interest.
i uget Sound has already a direct
trade with
of the large com
mercial cities of the world ; at least,
spars and lumber are shipped direct,
although there are no return cargoes.
The Herald finds fault because
Governor Woods calls upon the peo
ple of Oregon to observe Thanksiv
mgr; in accordance with tha
! tion of toe President. Some neonle
are decidedly fretful.
November 25:h will be the fifth
anniver?nry of the battle of Lookout
Mountain en episode of the great
operations of General Grant, now
known as the Battle of Chattanooga
and altogether one of the most re
markable combats known in .history.
Lookout Mountain, for the posses
sion of which the battle was fought,
is 1,400 feet above the Tennessee
river, and was held by a force cf at
least 6,000 rebels strongly fortified.
There are but two routes by which
the summit can be reached One of
these is twenty miles from the scene
of the assault. The other is by a
road which winds up the eastern side
of the mountain. General Hooker's
plan of operation wa3 to get posses
sion of the road. To do so was to
gain possession of the mountain. A
Tmall force under General Osterhaus
was ordered to make a feint upon the
enemy's rifle-pits at the point of the
mountain, while 'General Geary
moved up the valley west of the moun
tain until a mile in rear, of the ene.
my's position ; the troops then as
cended the side of the range until the
head of the column reached the palis
ades which crown the mountain, and
formed in a line of battle at right
angles with them ; they then marched
forward as Osterhaus made a sharp
attack as a feint, and, by taking the
relul works in flank and rear, secured
about 1,300 prisoners The enemy
fled around the " nose" of the moun
tain, closely pursued, to a position
on the opposite side, where they were
again attacked. After one or two
desperate efforts the rebel works were
carried, but it was at such a late hour
(midnight) that it was impossible to
dUlodge them fiom the Summcrtown
road, a route by which they evacuat
ed during the night.
General M. C. Meigs has given the
combat its name of the "Battle above
the Clouds." It is true that Hooker
fought above the cloud--', but more
than this, he manufactured the clouds
that he might fight above them. Dur
ing the night before the engagement
a slight, misty rain had fallen, and
when "the sun rose, cold and dull,
next morning, a fog hung over the
river and enveloped the mountain,
serving as a convenient mask to Hook
er's movements As the day advanced,
however, the fog began to lift, and
was fast disappearing, when the bat
tle on the west side of the mountain
began to rage heavily. Then the
smcke of Hooker's musketry and ar
tillery began to mingle with the mist
and clouds ; they grew heavy again,
and settled down close upon the
mountaint so that at one time the
clouds thus formed hid the contend
forces from the view of those in the
valley, and Hooker literally fought
the battle above the clouds of his own
The party in favor of a confed
crated government in Briti.-h Colum
bia, were successful on the day of
their election, the 3d inst. They a
lowed all foreigners three months in
the country, to vote. This included
negroes, Chinese, etc., and we feel as
surred that it is not a white man's
government. The Bulletin says of
the election :
The efforts of the people of the
Island to resist the project of De Cos
mos of carrying the British Pacific
colonies in his pocket to Canada, and
lying them at the feet of the Minis
ter of the Dominion, in return for his
appointment as Lieutenant-Governor,
have failed. All the mainland con
stituencies have gone for confedera
tion as far as heard from, and as the
mainland, with a petty population,
returns more riiembers to the Colo
nial Council than Vancouver Island,
with its comparatively largo popula
tion, we must suppose that De Cosn
mos is successful, in spite of his own
personal defeat. Uuder the peculiar
laws of the Colony, one of the elected
members from the mainland by re-
! signing can make a vacancy-to which
De Cosmos may be able to get him
self elected, so as to take part in the
debate on the destiny of the colony,
which must certainly occupy the .time
of the Council shortly after Christ
mas, if hot before.
A Christmas Eva ball will be
given at McCann's dancing hall,
Portland, on Christmas Eve, under
the management, or rather, the invi
tations will be issued under the di
rection of the following named com
mittee : II. C. Chapin, F. A. Craw
ford, C. P. Ferry, Win. McCready,
George F. Greene, Wm. Braden, C.
F. Stewart, Cv P. Crandall, Wm.
Andrews, Ed. Hiude, Jas. C. Fox,
and Geo. II. Clarke. No invitations
will be issued except by the commit
tea, aud no person will be admitted
who has not a ticket signed by one of
them. This arrangement will be ef
fectual in excluding exceptional char
acters. The tickets will be put at a
reasonable price ; the best music at
tainable will be procured, and every
thing possible will be done to insure
a pleasant holiday party.
Speaking of Mr. Cross' meat
packing business at Salem, the Union
ist says : " This enterprise is proving
a great success, the fame of his supe
rior article of meats reaching even
leyond the State limits. This is only
another instance of the success to be
met by choosing one profession or
trade, and never letting a piece of
work go out of the shop without its
being of the best quality. Mr. Cross
deserves the reputation he has won,
and it is a credit to the State that we
have such an establishment within its
Speaking of the only member of
the Legislature left at Salem, the
Unionist says : "Yesterday Cot. Gray
of Grant county, perambulated np
and down the streets, the only one in
the faithful twenty-eight. The Col
onel thinks that if the fool killer had
come about, the Legislature would
have been without a quorum long be
fore it was. He seems to be some
what disgusted with the manner in
which the majority did business."
B. F. Dowell, of the Sentinel,
has ogain left for Washington City.
. The Albany municipal election
will be held on the 7th of December.
Another case of small pos is re
ported in Fortland. But there i3 no
danger of its spreading.
All the machinery at the Ash
land Woolen Mills is running. It is
engaged on flannel at present.
Goiding & Bacon, of the Port
land Machine Works, are manufac
turing a fine water wheel.
Dr. W. Gray, of Albany, has
been appointed Resident Physician
at the Warm Spring Indian Reserva
tion. The Umpqua Academy is re
ceiving repairs, and an adlitional
school room is being attached to the
main building.
Quackenbush & Co. have pur
chased the interest of Waterhouse Si
Lester, importers of hardwood lum
ber, etc., at Portland.
There is a report in circulation
to the effect that four white men had
been murdered by the Indians in the
vicinty of Oehoco.
The settlement at Oehoco now
numbers ten families. About seven
ty five other claims have been selected
for settlement next spring.
The vote of Douulas county on
the division question was 4 10 for the
proposition, and S19 against it. Rose
burg remains the county seat.
Mr. John Wilson, one of the
most popular aud successful mer
chants of Portland, has taken a new
store in White's block. -
The Brownsville Woolen factory
will be sold by the Sheriff on the 2d
proximo. The incorporation will
perhaps purchase.
The Goose Lake country is fast
settling up, and good prospects for
gold mining are reported about the
head waters of Sprague's river.
The Pilots on the Columbia bar
denounce the statement that the Jen
nie Alice raked her bottom crossing
over ; say they have 24 feet of
The Register mentions as a re
markable fact, that the Union men of
Scio " demonstrated '' after the elec
tion. The Mayor -of Scio ought
lo be a Republican His heart is in
the right place for it.
An uncommon inetoric display
was witnessed in various parts of
Oregon on the morning of the 15ih
inst. Also one was witnessed at
Oxford University on the night of the
loth, as we hear by telegraph.
The total number of post offices
in operation in Oregon is 1-13; in
Washington Territory 78 ; in Idaho
34. No better indication can be
given of the rapid increase and pros
perity of our State and adjoining
Territories than is shown by the
above statement.
Mrs. H. Clarke, Secretary of the
Oregon Children's Aid Society writes:
"The ladies of the Children's Aid
Society desire to acknowledge the re
ceipt of two hundred dollars in cur
rency, donated to the Society by
Iiev. J. II. Wilbur, and two hundred
dollars in coin, donated by Senator
Geo. J. M. Kaliich will parade
Portland to-day, turning a hand or
gan, according to the arrangement
made with Chas Dolson last summer,
Grant being the man. Mr. Dolson
will collect funds from the crowd to
be devoted to charitable uses.
The Evening Commercial is of
the opinion that some law should be
enacted that would prevent the mal
treating of dumb animals. There i
ho doubt, on abundance of work for
a Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals to do, in Oregon,
when one i3 organized.
According to the biennial report
of Secretary S. E. May, the Slate of
Oregon is making more rapid advance
ment, than people generally snpposc,
in wealth and population, and its fi
nances are in an excellent condition.
For the year 1S67 the total taxable
property of the SUte vvas about $20,
000,000, and the amount of tax ro
ceived into the treasury during that
year was 277,259 4J.
On Monday next the Portland
Homestead Association elect new of
ficers. We understand that the shares
are nearly all taken. The scheme is
a perfectly safe one and parties in
want of a small homestead might find
it to their advantage to look after
the few remaining shares. Call cn
Mr. R. E. Chatfield,
Dr. Yeach gives it as his opin
ion, says the Unionist, that a sub
stance found in Oregon and examined
by him is decomposed volcanic ashes
compressed, which is valuable for
fire brick. These useful and indi5N
pensable articles are shipped here
from England, and if a mine of good
fire clay can be found in this vicinity
it would be of more value than agofd
Miss Mary A. Conser, of Marion
county, recently wrought a rich Grant
and Colfax flag to surmount the sum
mit of Mount Jefferson. It was
placed there by trustworthy hands,
and the Unionist says there it stands
of all the ensigns of the eaftb. nearest
the throne of God, the victorious sign
of freedom and Conquest, the votive
gift of patriotic and enlightened
Beauty, at once the sign of our coun
try's existence, aud an immortality to
Mr. S. G. Reed has sailed for
the East, to winter at Washington
City, D. C.
The people of Ashland are ex
ploring the Cascade range for a Rail
road pass easterly.
The validity of the law of the
city council of Portland levying a tax
for Railroad purposes, is being tried
before Judge Upton.
Horry Ellsworth, ngent for
Wells, Fargo Sc Co., at the terminus
of the Union Pacific R. R., has moved
west of Green river.
The Olympia Transcript has
" got his bile riz,'' because Ben Hoi
laday & Co. have contracted to build
a Railroad over to Puget Sound.
The Idaho Statesman notes the
arrival at Boise of Mr. Iludnetts,
advance agent of the Union Pacific
R. R., which is heading for Oregon.
Population will stream in upon
us and ere long wc can so perfect our
system of internal improvements that
we will be able to compete with the
world in any branch of industry.
1 We are glad to learn that Hon.
J. F. Gaz'ey ha3 at length become
sati.-fied that the Oregon Central
Railroad Company of Salem have
been acting in good faith.
Mr. Burrage, with a competent
corps of assistants, has gone south
for the purpose of surveying the line
of this Railroad from Y'oncalla
through Pass Creek, to the sou:hern
boundary of Oregon.
The time between San Francisco
and Omaha is now eight days. From
New York to Omaha requires three
days, so that the traveler who pos
sesses the needful endurance can now
reach San Francisco from New Y'ork
in eleven days.
The triumph of the east side,
railroad company, in Oregon, will
doubtless prove beneficial to North
ern California. The Bulletin says
that it will doubtless induce the more
rapid construction of the California
and Oregon Railroad from Marysville
or OioviUe northward, which project
is in the hands of the Central Pacific
Managers. If California goes to
work in earnest, as has Oregon, the
time will soon be at hand when the
two golden States can be traversed in
a fuw hours.
Bull says the West side road
will have the first iron and locomo
tives, and the first twenty miles in
operation. That's all right ; stop
your growling, if you think so. It
seems to hurt you, though, somehow,
about those "certain other great rail
" road builders on the East side "
dodging a stump. Keep to work and
nrnd your own business, if stumps
are in the way over here it don't
hurt you. You are silly to mention
it because Ben Ilolladay will send
a man up some day to dig them out.
Keep your shirt on, Bull.
--The Albany Democrat, speaking
of the Railroad prospects of that
city, says : We have it from author
ity which we consider reliable that, if
the citizens of Albany, anl its viein.
ity, desire to have the railroad run
here, they must do something quite
handsome. It this be not done it
will run from Jefferson direct to
Spore's Ferry via, Springfield, cr as
nearly so as possible. We are con
fident that the company will not foot
all the extra expenses just forsake of
touching Albany. Which is truly a
long distance out of a direct' course.
Mr. C. B. Talbot, civil engineer
and draughtsman, is engaged in mak
ing for the East side R. R. Co., a
huge map of Oregon ard the north
ern part of California, showing the
geography of the valleys through
which the railroad line is to run and
the location of the road throughout
the length of the State. The map is
complied from the latest authorities
and surveys and if published would
no doubt meet with much favor. In
the comp my's office are also a map
of Washington Territory and another
of southern Oregon and the Siskiyou
regon of California both on a large
scale ana tinea wun cietaiis. ine
Oregoniun says they are very credi
table specimens of work.
Judge F. A. Chenoweth, in a
letter to the Gazette, gives a few of
the causes which have tended to check
the progress of construction on the
O. C. Ii. It., and says :
I do not mention these things to
complain of th?m, it was perhaps in
evitable man can't all see alike, and
it is siir.ply cur county's misfortune
that some have opposed, and many
have been slow to give it actual sup
port. But the indications are now
more cheering, confidence appears to
be firmly established and the matter
is getting to be understood. No
well informed persons that are free
from prejudices, appear to h&ve any
longer doubts about it. Now if we
all would do what little we are per
fectly able to do, to help it along, it
would be completed a great deal
sooner than it otherwise will be, and
if there is any possible doubt of its
success, that doubt would be removed
by our friendly aid. The only thing
that ever has thrown a doubt upon it,
is the mistaken opposition that has
been made to it. So far, it has suc
cessfully combatted all opposition,
and is now on a basis of apparent in
fallible success.
Referring to the project of build
ing a Railroad from the Columbia
river to Puget Sound, the Olympia
Tribune says:
Build it who will, whether Ben.
Ilolladay or Ben. Brown, and termi
nate it where they may, it is des
tined to work a revolution in the con
dition of the Territory. It will prove
the initial step in the career of pros
perity which our people have so long
looked for in vain, and hasten its
progress in the path of greatness
marked out for it long years 8go by
sagacious and far-seeing men. The
terminus is not a matter of indiffer
ence to us; but we cheerfully waive
all predilections on that score for the
sake of the Territory at large.
We have observed that the TH
hunt was always glad to chronicle
events transpiring fr the good of
the Territory, and in tfyis matter we
are not disappointed to see it take a
liberal view of " the situation." The
course of the Tribune is quite in con
trast to that of the Transcript. The
Standard says nothing as yet upon
the subject. We hope the Tribune
will not be the only paper on the
Sound to take a liberal view of this
question as we know by our own
experience what it is to stand alone
in defense of a vital principle until a
reaction takes place in the minds of
the masses of people who like to be
with the crowd
The withdrawal of the opposition
steamers between San Francisco and
New Y'ork was recently announced.
The " unflinching opposition to an
unrelenting monopoly" is no more.
The New York Sun says that Van-
derbilt, the great railway king, has
secured the property of the company,
and an action has been instituted
against him to recover $3,000,000.
The plaintiffs, however, in a trial just
closed, were assigned only 185,000.
The case will go to the Supreme
Court, and thence,- undoubtedly, to
the. Court of Appeals, before a final
verdict is secured. A full history of
the case is given in the Sun, from
which we deduct the following sum
mary :
The distance between this finding
and the amount claimed, 3, 000,000,
is certainly very wide, and is an illus
tration of the variances of human
judgment. Nicaragua stock has been
kept alive in the market, and from
time to time kept up to respectable
quotations, on speculations as to the
probable successful issne of this pro
tracted suit. The $3,000,000 looked
for as the result of this litigation is in
fact about the only assets of the de
funct Company, and those who have
bought stock on the strength of this
lit'gation are very likely to receive
about two cents on the dollar for their
The State Journal of the 14'h
gives an account of the reception of
Mr. E. D. Bristow, Grand Repre
sentative to the Grand Lodge of the
U. S., I. O. O. F., from which we
quote :
At 0 the crowd assembled at the
Hall of Spencer Bitte Lodge. The
meeting was called to order by D.
M. Risdon, Eq., after which the
members sung the opening ode. S.
Ellsworth, Esq., in a short and feel,
ing address welcomed Mr. Bristow
home. The latter responded in a
few well-timed, off-hand remarks.
Supper being announced, the com
pany formed and marched down,
where a good collation was found
spread out, and presided over by
Mrs. Moo- e. After meeting at the
hall again, toasts were given aud re
sponded to. The first toast was to
Odd Fellowship, which was responded
to by Henry Gilfry. Next to Ma
sonry, responded to by A- A. Smith.
The next to the Rebeccas, response by
E. L. Applegate. After a few volun
teer toasts, the ball was given up to
the young folks, and merriment and
good feeling was kept up till eleven
o'clock. Messrs. Lewis, Frank Ells
worth and J. II. McCIunfr, merit the
thanks of the Order for the music on
that occasion. The reception was
emphatically a success. Loug live
Odd Fellowship, say we.
The Grant electors of California
will select Gsneral O. II. La Grange
as the bearer of that State's decision
as to the successor of Andrew John
son. Gen. La Grange has smelled
powder with Grant against the enemy,
and can eloquently talk to our east
ern brothers in regard to this coast.
The Postmaster General having
ordered Postal Agent Brooks to take
charge of the postoflice in Portland
until further instruction.", wc are
pleased to know, says the Orcgonian,
that the Agent has designated our
worthy townsman, John R. Prindle,
Esq., to act as postmaster during the
suspension of Mr. Randall. No more
suitable person could have been se
lected to discharge the important
and responsible duties of the position.
The Post Office Department has
closed the contract, for the transporta
tion of the overland mails, with
Wells, Fargo & Co., at the rate of
$1,750,000 per annum for 800 miles,
with the agreement that the price
shall be reduced at a liberal pro rata
as the distance is reduced by the
building .of the Pacific railroad. If
the railroad is completed in July next,
this contract will cost the Govern
ment about $750,000. The Union
Pacific Railroad Company have com
pleted 880 miles of their road west
of Omaha. Twenty days ago they
laid nearly 7 miles of track in one
day, and passed the advance stakes
of the Central Pacific line, and the
grade of each is now overlapping the
The Salem municipal election
will be held on the 7th proximo.
Official returns of the election
in Oregon give the State to Seymour
at.d B air by a small majority.
The Bulletin speaks of a me
chanical orchestra, just received in
San Francisco. We have had one in
Oregon over a year.
Seven Japanese, wrecked off St.
Peter's Island 18 months ago, who
had taken refuge there, were recently
rescued by Capt. E. F. Nye, of the
bark Wm. Rotche.
Beriah cries pitifully because
Scott exposed the fact that " the
organ" would soon be sold at public
vendue by the sheriff of Multnomah
county. Personal property does not
necessarily have to be advertised in
the public prints.
The California Farmer says that
the people of that State are seriously
beginning to realize the unsoundness
of their foundations for earthquakes,
and they must lay aside all the fancy
ornaments upon the tops of buildings,
which have already caused more loss
of life than by any other cause.
Mr. J. A. McDonald, late of
Oswego, who has been very sick re
cently' we are glad to learn ha3 re
covered. He speaks highly of the
treatment he received at S. Joseph's
Hospital, at Vancouver. Mac. We
are glad you are around again now
don't be a bachelor any longer than
you can help. Then any attentions
will be better appreciated should you
again fall
uuder the weather."
The Puget Sound and Columbia
River R. R. Co. has filed its articles
of incorporation organized elected
its officers located its priucipal place
of busiuess at Vancouver, W. T. ; let
a contract for the construction of the
road, and already a corps of compe
tent engineers are in the field. The
contract was given to Ben. Holladay
6c Co. This insures the success of the
enterprise. We live in an age of
steam, and it is some satisfaction to
know that a few of those having the
" financial fuel" have reached Oregon.
In memory of
Died November 3, 18G8,
In the early years of
It was the representative of Democratic
The advocate of popular progress.
The friend of freedom.
The exponent of Constitutional Law,
The great Defender of
Perpetual, Sacred, and Inviolate,
The American People.
The npontate of the Detoocratic Faith,
wrote the immortal Doctrine of its early
The Declaration of Independence,
iu the affirmation,
All men are created free and equa!, and are
By their Creator
With certain inalienable rights,.
Anionj which are life, liberty, auJ the pur
suit of
Reaffirmed it in the prophetic warning :
" I tremble for mv country when I remem
ber tl at
In its mature year,
This party,
Flushed with the long possession of power,.
Corrupt with the patronage of office,
Forsook its principles,
Breathed the infected atmosphere of treason ;
Inscribed " Slavery" as the legend upon
its bauners.
And pledged itself
to fasten the Fetters on the limbs of the Slave
And to plant the system
On soil forever consecrated to Freedom,
It appealed to the lowest prejudices of the
masses against the JS'egra.
It denied Law
To a man because he wa Black,
And Honored Crime
If perpetrated in the name of Democracy by
a White.
It lost
. The confidence of the people.
And then sought,
By secret organizations aud wide-spread Re-
The Destruction'of the Republic,
The overthrow of Democratic government,
The erection of an Aristocracy in the South,
In which African Slavery should be the
During Pour Years of IVar,
To vindicate the majesty of law and the
principles of constitutional government, it
Sympathized with Treason;
.Pronounced the war a cri.'rc and a failure;
Attempted by disorder, bloodshed, and
violence, to
Frovoke civil war in the loyal States,
Pleaded for peace on the basis of Disunion.
On the restoration of peace.
Won by the heroism and sacrifice of our
That Tarty
Appealed to the judgment of the people,
And was condei.ined to Die
By the voice of the loval millions through
Ballot Box ;
November 3,
icw Advertisements.
During my 'our of two vcars
n the Eastern States I "have
spared neither time nor
nionev to make mvsplf nr.
fectly familiar with and master of my pro
fession. Those desiring the best work that
the nature of the case will admit of can find
me at my office, 107 Front street, two doors
above McCormick's Book Store, Portland,
to close
J3TThe undersigned being in delicate
health, and finding it necessary to travel
for recuperation, desires to sell, consider
ably below cost, the entire stock in trade,
consisting of the following named articles,
to-wit : One full set of
Time Honored Principles,
Sortewhat the worse for wear.
Two Pet Lions,
Extremely docile, teeth extracted, and claws
N. B. -Any time between this and the
4th of March, A. D. 1859, the undersigned
can be found immediately at the mouth of
the gieat Salt river. If the above-mentioned
articles are not otherwise disposed of previ
ous to that date, they will then be given in
exchange for a few packages ot Congres
sional reconstruction, and an unlimited
number of carpet bags.
A. I. Richardson w
Corner of Front and Oak streets, Portland
Of Real Estate Groceries, General Merely
dise and Horses, aQ- G
Every Wednesday and Saturday t
A. B. Richardsox, Auctioneer.
English refined Bar and Bandle Iron
English Square and Octagon Cast steel
Horse shoes, Files, Rasps, saws '
Screws, Fry-pans, sheet iron, R.' G. Iron -also
: '
A large assortment of Groceries and Liqnor.
A. B. Richardson, Auctioneer
heut6nThastings& co!
& SO.
OF 0
The largest and most varitd stock of Gph
tlemen's Clothing, Furnishing Good,
Trunks, Hags and Valises, on the Pacific
Coast. Every article sold, being of our own
manufacture, is guaranteed. Having cor.'
tracts direct with European and American
Manufacturers of piece goods we then-br
effect a saving of fully f0 percent, in whole
sale dealers profits-and are thus able to oftr
superior Goods at less than second-rate
Having agents in London and I'Sris w
introduce the new styles in San rancisisi
simultaneously with their appearance in
New York.
For the accommodation of such as may de
sire, we have secured the services of a cele
brated European cutter, and are prepared to
make up piece goods in a style superior to
anv other house on the coast, Shirts, Tics,
Collars, t-tc, made to order at short notice
Goods forwarded by Express to any pan
of the Pacific Coast on receipt of orders and
measures ; send, for directions for measure
ments HEUSTON,
& CO.
Straight & Hunsaker Proprietors,
3"Keep constantly on hand an assortment
of Corned and fresh Meats. Lard, Ilutter,
Eggs, Fruits and Vegetables.
d. n. niLDBunc.H, ?
L. H ILDBURGH, San Francisco.
Importtrt and IXTioIf-iale DcaJntin
All Kinds of Cognacs !
Scotch and Irish Whiskies,
Rum, Gin, Domestic Liquors, Wines,
PORTLAND Opposite Fairings. Front
Street, next door to A. B. Richardson
Formerly jirrigonis,
The undersigned respectfully an
nounce that having purchased this widelv
known and well kept hotel, they are now
prepared to offer superior accommodatiw
to the traveling public at greatly reduced
prices. This hotel is located nearest t'ue
steamboat landings.
The hotel coach will be in attendance to
convey passengers to and from the house
free of charge.
Succeaxor to
Have been obliged, for their
own protection and the safety
of the public, to change the
name of thtir celebrated Btt
ters to
Mercados Native
California Wine Bitters.
3. We subjoin the following affidavit in an
injunction suit formerly pending between Mer
otdn Jr. Snllr nlaintiffs. and G. A. Simon, dc-
I fendant, P. duly sworn, says ;:
"TJiat the article kuwvn a Santraw
California Wine Bitters, was maufad'ir
by jlercido Sueliy. about month of Xatn.
1R61. without the snid Sai?ierain Brother
havirxr any concern in the manufacture there
of, that dtinent ho alway known ami
conidrd taid Jfercado Setdly a the $
Proprietors of tlie Sainstvaine California
Ifine Bitters."
Notwithstanding the above affidavit the
said P. Sainsevaine is putting n a compound
under the name ot Sainsevain's Wine Bitter .
representing it to be the Fame as our celebrai
ed Bitters, which we have been manufactur
in? and selling in immense quantities since
1860. and also affixing a nearly similar
to that used on our genuine Vi me Bitter .
Be not Deceived. Send for Mercado
Native California Wine Litters .
And you will obtain the .arae r"Har
age so favorably known since W60. wwire
of Counterfeit. Purchasers of ourVr Deb
ters are requested to observe the familiar oW
yellow label, and see that the oraU'Xt
4- &tfy, San Francisco, are
Government utamp. pasted over the cork o
each bottle. This is the only efiectual security
against the counterfeit imitations.
"DEPOTSWi and 503 f 'frf
Francisco. t2:3ruj MLRCAPO 4 A
ii w'H' 'I'm,,
1 -