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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1895)
One Week, Commencing1 Monday, May 13th.
Four-act Comedy by Dominick Murray,
"THE GOLD KlfiG."
And a First-Class Company. A Change of Program Every Night.
ADMISSION, 25c, 35c and fc50c,
, Reserved Seats now on sale at Blakeley & Houghton's.
Tie Dalles Daily Chfoniele.
BUBSCKIPTION BATE 8.
BT KAIL, TXTA.1D, IV aBYaKCBV-
Weekly, 1 year. . ....
' 6 months..
! M g
.. 0 76
.. 0 V)
.. 0 60
i . Address ftll communication to " THS CHRON
ICLX." The Dalles, Oregon.
- MAY 14, 1895
OLD WASCO COUNTY.
nW BBIKF FACTS CONCKRHING
sTrnlts, Fish, Firm and Forests She
Has Them All, and Unlimited
SOIL AND CROPS.
northwestern portion of the
States, and a .large portion of
Colombia was at one time sub
jected to A tremendous overflow oflaya",
and in con sequence the mountain ranges
are composed of basalt, while the
prairies of Eastern Oregon and Wash
ington have -that-same -material for a
foundation. It is the greatest mass of
basalt in the known globe. Following
.this, the country between the Rocky
' mountains And the Cascades,; or their
continuation,' the Sierra Nevadas, Was
covered by a vast inland sea, and the
, aoii of this region therefore is sediment
ary, consequently largely of decomposed
basalt, and is therefore exceedingly rich
in plant food, and its wearing qualities
are unexcelled. It will stand recropping
to cereals longer than any other, and is
in this, respect practically in$xhausti
ble. It 'yields generously, even to the
slipshod methods of farming to which
' much of it is subjected, and while not
'very crop is the best, such a thing as a
total failure is unknown. It retains
moisture well, and good crops ot wheat
can be, and in some -years have been
grown without seeing a drop of rain
from the time the seed was sown until
the grain was harvested.
Everything that can be grown in the
temperate zone will do well here, though,
in common with most of ' the Pacific
coast, corn is not raised extensively on
account of the coolness of the nights.
Wheat, oata, barley, potatoes and vege
tables of all kinds do well and yield
Abundantly. The staple crop of the
country has been, and for that inatter is
yet, wheat, which was raised in large
quantities, and which found its market
in Europe, going by way of the Horn.
Until very recently ttiis was depended
upon by the farmers as the sum total of
farming. The recent extremely low
prices for wheat has changed this, and
the farmers soon found that putting
their wheat into hogs and cattle was
far' more profitable than shipping it.
Growing ... the wheat can be done at
trifling expense, and in fact it can be
put in the sack or barn ready for feed
ing at a less price per bushel than corn.
. Under the methods used, one man with
. six horses will plongh eight acres per
. day, and as the seed is sown by machin
ery, tne Droaacast sower, covering a
trip eighty feet in width, a whole farm
can be seeded in a few days. The liar-
vesting is done with headers, and a half
' dozen men and boys will put twenty-
five acres in the stack every day; There
is no cultivation required as in the case
-of corn, and hence one man will Heed and
harvest four or five times the acreage he
could in that grain.
Heretofore farmers have shipped
. wheat and imported bacon ' and other
..hog products; now the grain fields of
Wasco are not only supplying the local
aeinana, Dut tne surplns is . finding a
market in Omaha and Chicago. ' This
will stimulate the farming industry, as
. ' it not only gives a market for the grain,
but cuts off the expense of threshing.
the costs of sacks, and the hauling of
the grain to market, the three items of
expense amounting to from '20 to SO
cents per bushel, according to distance
irom the shipping point. Oata, barley
nd rye all do well, but are' not raised
in quantities larger than will supply the 1
local market, except such as is cut when
in the milk for hay, and they are used
almost universally for that purpose.
Last jrear.vWasco county shipped About
600,000 buehels of wheat, .an. amount
that' will probably not be increased, un
less high prices prevail, as more and
more of it will be fed to stock. Pota
toes are a sure crop, and yield well, and
though raised only to meet the local
demand, the call from the East met
with response here, and jsome 15 car
loads were shipped this spring. Onions,
lettuce and radishes grown in the open
air were in the markets early in March,
and in abundance.
'.. STOCK. .
' In the earlier settlement of the coun
try it' was devoted entirely to stock
raising the prairies and the hillsides
being covered with a luxuriant growth
of bunchgrasB, which gave sustenance to
vast herds of cattie and horses. For
several years that was the sole industry,
and the idea - prevailed ..that the land
would not grow any thing, but as expe
riments showed that St was a prolific
and un'ailing soil, the buncbgrass lands
began to be turned into wheat fields.
In spite of this, however, the stock in
dustry is the leading one of Eastern
Oregon, and' is a very important one in
Waeco county. The sloping hillsides
are covered with cattle, and when a
certain ...distance. ..Jfr'ptn, j. .the.. .ri.ye.r is
reached, usually about thirty miles, the
lands are still devoted to stock-raising
qn account of the expense of hauling
farm products to market j While -the
exact figures are not-Attainable, a con
servative estimate of the number of cat
tle shipped from this point each year
shows that the- grand total reaches the
handsome sum of 206 carloads, or about
5,500 head. To this should-be added
220 carloads ot sheep and sixty of hogs,
The assessor's figures for 1894 show that
the county has 210,000 sheep, and be
sides this Crook county, lying to the
south of us, has as many more, and
both the increase and wool from these
vast flocks find their market at The
Dalles. In the summer these flocks
find fresh and abundant pastures in the
Cascade mountains. They are usually
ran in flocks of from 1,500 to 3,000, and
as soon as the shearing season is over
they .are started for the mountains, fol
lowing the grass up, as the season opens
often being close to the retreating
snows, and only stopping at the line of
perpetual snow on Hood, Jefferson, and
the other great peaks. In the fall they
feed down the mountains again, hipping
the tender grasses started by the fall
rains, and arriving at tbeir winter qur-
ters in fine condition. The raising of
horses is being , abandoned, owing to
tbeir low price, but we add by way
of information that this was the
original home of the "noble1 animal."
In the fossil beds of the John Day (in
some respects the finest in the world) are
found the petrified remains ot Eo-hip-pus,
the primal horse. The full grown
animals were not larger than A- good
It is , hard to estimate the amount of
wool grown in this county, for that from
Morrow and Grant counties finds mar
ket at The Dalles, Wasco's county seat,
and considerable comes from Klickitat
county, Washington, on the north.- It
is probably in the neighborhood of
2,000,000 pounds. : The Dalles is the
greatest wool shipping point in the
United States; that is, there is more
wool gathered here from first hands.
The amounts will run from 4,500,000 to
7,000,000 pounds, or, on an average,
about 3,000. tons. .Large fortunes have
been t accumulated in tbe industry, and
though prices are now low, it is still
profitable, and the outlook is brighter
on account of the increased and increas
ing prices of mutton ; prices that prom
ise to be permanent, not only for mut
ton, but: for beef, and wihch will com
pensate largely for the low price of wool
prevailing the past two years.
' ' Continued. -
Pay the Couacjr Debt.
All county warrants registered prior to
ept.,ist, iwi, win oe paid tr presented
at my office, corner 3d and Washington
streets. The Dalles, Or.1 1 Interest ceases
after May 10, 1895. f.
ir ? County Treasurer.
- ,, , . lor
Caked & Inflamed Udders.
Bruises and Strains,
Stiff joints, t ,r
Harness & Saddle Sores,
All Cattle Ailments,
All Horse Ailments,
All Sheep Ailments,
. Membrane and Tissue
Quickly to the Very
Seat of Pain and
r ; Ousts it in a Jiffy.
Rub in Vigorously.
Mustang Liniment conquers
-' Pain, j - . r
Makes flan or Beast well
The above association is
prepared to take a list of all
and any kind of Real Estate
for sale or exchange, whereby
the seller will . have the undi
vided assistance of the follow
ing Real' Estate Agents, or
ganized as an association for
the purpose of inducing, im
migration, to Wasco and Sher
man Counties, and generally
stimulating the sale of prop
erty: , . - '- :' .
C. E. Bayard, T. A. Hud
son, J. G. Koontz te Co., J. M
Huntington & Co.i 'Dufur &
Hill, N. Whealdon, Gibons &
Marden, G. W. Rowland.
Address any of .the above
well known firms, or
J. M..Huntington, Sec;
, , The Dalles, Oregon.
fV ' EaaUaB BiS.
i ENfJYRQYAL PILLS
ifk, alwftjt fllatoUu lad ik aak
ocxi-4 tor ChUkirtar BgUh Di-f.
nrf Mvmnd in Red, ud GW nctUlteV
BU aBVat sai'lnaiiaia At IsrsMriefa
! Slutiiing Greennouse
; : . i i 1 1 r . ; .:;. r v . :
Everything for the Garden
we can ' furnish Floral Designs and
Bouquets second to none in Eastern Ore
gon at very reason able, prices
eee onr assortment ol .Plants, .Button
hole Bouquets, and display in M. Z.
Donnell's Drugstore and Keller's Bak
ery. : Orders can be lelt at either of the
above places. ,
. The Hyacinths are now in full bloom.
All are cordially invited to come and
see - our assortment of Flowers and
Greenhouse Plants. .
Snipes-Kincrsly Drug Co.
129 Second St.,
THE DALLES, - - OR
could eet relief!
from a most horri-i
ble blood diuau 1 !
of dollars TRYING various remedies
tana pnvsicians, none of which did mej
any good. My finger nails came off,
land mv hair ram mit Unuinir mc
s penccuy Daia. . i men, went to ,
j Hopins: to be cured bv this celebrated i
treatment, but very soon became j
5 disgusted, .and , decided to TRY!
1 he ettect was I
commmr1 tn r
with ai tci . uiiiii; I
the first bottle, and oy the fime I hadj
cured by S. S, S. when th world-renowned j
WM.S. LOOMIS. Shreveport, La.
Our Book on the Dlamn snrt Iti Treatment
mailed free to any addregs.
. .. jtwiirr RPicrnririr nn- a .t ;
E. JACOBSEN BOOK. and MUSIC CO.,
- -THE LBaSBBS IK i-
Pianos anil Organs, Books
Call and cet their prices. Sell PIANfll on
easy monthly payments, and Is prepared to meet
ail j ujirbiiiiun.
162 SecOElSt- THE DALLES, OR.
H ES '1 -3
T7 Garden and
Grass Seeds .,
m Bulk, atc.
X H. Cross' .
Feed & Gro
E5 25 S
. " THAT TH1
Grow Photo Go.,
(Formsrly Crow A Lnssler, of Portland)
Will, soon have their New .Photograph
' Gallery at The Dalles flniahed
.Wait antil jroa see samples ot work and prices
kefora havins; plctarri taksa. ;. ' ' apr2
j 3 tt;
And see how cheaply .we can dress all of you.-
Men's Suits, Boys' Suits, Silks, Satins,
LACES, WOOLENS, COTTONS, LINENS,
Everything from Hat to Shoes , for everyone. All new stock.
C. FY STEPHENS,
of DRY GOODS
CLOTHING, PTJKNISHING GOODS,
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS and CAPS.
Past or present values cut no figure, as goods
MUST be SOLD LESS than COST.
The C. P. and P. D., French Woven, Hand-Made, Dr.
Warner's Health, Coraline, French Model and other makes,
of Corsets will be closed out at extremely low prices. Call
and be convinced. You will be surprised at bur low price.
-ALSO A FULL LINE OF-
MRS. M. E. BRIGGS,
RUPERT & GAB EL,
Wholesale and retail mannfactnrera and dealers in
Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Collars,
TENTS and WAGON COVERS,
And all Articles Kept in a First Class Harness Shop.
EEPAIBING PROMPTLY DOSE.
175 Second Street,
A' full line- of all the, Standard Patent' Medicines,
. ... . '"' Dregs, Chemicals, Etc. v;
CConntrT And llAirOrSer will .receive prompt attention i .
Having secured the services of
a first-class trimmer from the city,
I can assure my patrons perfect sat
isfaction as to style and finish.
Call and see the large variety
of Hats on display in window.
Scsceisor to Anna Peter at Co.,
112 Second Street.
. Adjoining E. J. Collins & Co.'e Store,
The Dalles, Oregon