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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 2, 1895)
T H E DM LLES I ORERM j HOUS9.
SUPPORTED BY W. S. FORD'S COMPANY OF PLAYERS.
fdonday Evening, 4 'Drif ted ftpart:' Tuesday Evening, "fm pm."
Reserved Seats now on sale at Blakeley & Houghton's Drugstore.
fee Dalles Daily Chronicle.
BY MAIL, P08TAQB PBKFAID, IN ADTAKCX.
Weekly, 1 year ........v.... 1 50
" 6 months i 0 75
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" per " i 0 50
Address all communication to " THE CHBON
lOUt." The Dalles, Oregon.
SATURDAY, - FEBRUARY 2, 1895
AT THE LOCKS
The opening of the Columbia river is
n u nir ni T.riu i iriiiui a m niirio nru ti rir
only to Eastern Oregon, but to a large
portion of Idaho, whose products will
eventually reach the seaboard by the
aid of its noble current. Portland and
Astoria are also directly interested in
this work, because they will be directly
benefited by it. it will prove indeed a
large factor in the ' development ot the
entire Northwest, and as it assists in
opening and settling a territory 600 '
miles square and containing 250,1)00,000
acres of agricultural grazing and timber
lands, it becomes of national import
ance. The place to be most benefited,
temporarily at least, Is The Dalles, and
in consequence of this the newspapers
of this city have had more to say on the
subject than those of the balance of the
state. Ever since the first appropria
tion was made the people of the Inland
Empire have looked forward to the day
when the last stone would be laid and
the obstructions to navigation at the
Cascades would be of the past, for 'they
knew that this was a long step towards
the solution of the freight problems,
and felt that when once the canal is
opened and boats can run from Astoria
to The Dallee, it will speedily lead to
the removal or surmounting of the ob
stacles to navigation between this point
and Celilo, and so open the river and
make it available for carrying the vast
grain crops of Eastern Oregon and Wash
ington to the seaboard.
That our brethren of the press and the
people of the Inland Empire might
know just what progress had been made,
what condition the work was in, and
the probabilities as to the time when
the canal and locks would be completed,
a Chronicle reporter was detailed this
week to make a thorough investigation
into the matter. Upon stating the ob
ject of this visit" to the contractors, J. G.
and I. N. Day.their bookkeeper was told
to furnish any matter pertaining to his
department, and through him and from
the reports of Lieut. Taylor, the govern
ment engineer, under whose immediate
direction the work is done, the figures
given below were obtained. The first
appropriation was made, and others sue
ceeded as follows :
June 14. 1876 $ 90,000
Jane 18, 1878 150,000
March 13, 1879 200,000
June 14, 1880 100,000
March 3, 1881 100,000
August 2, 1882 265,000
Jnly 5, 1884 150,000
August 5, 1886 187,500
August 11. 1888 300,000
September 19, 1890 435,000
All of these appropriations, except a
portion of the last one, which, were still
available tor the contract work, was ex
pended Ly the government engineers
Major Jones having charge of the work
at first, followed by Captain Powell and
then by Major Post, who still has super
vision, for the government, of the work.
For many reasons the expenditure of the
money by the government engineers did
not produce results commensurate with
the amount of money expended. For
one reason, and perhaps the principal
one. the monev was furnished in-soaaH
sums, and a large portion of it was ex
pended in protecting the work already
done and repairing damages after high
water. The people, growing tired of
what seemed at least the waste of both
monev and time, became clamorous for
a change, and that the work be let by
Contract. Through the energetic action
of the. Oregon delegation (and, by the
way, largely through Senator Dolph's
influence) this was finally done, and on
February 10. 1893, J. G. and I. N. Day
took charge of the work. Since that
time the work has been prosecuted
steadily, until now the end can be seen.
The work.would have been completed in
the time specified in the contract bad it
not been for the unprecedented flood,
which was only prevented from sweep
ing the whole works away, by almost
superhuman efforts, and at great ex
pense. As it is, the completion of the
work will not be long delayed.
To give some idea of what has been
accomplished, we give a few figures:
When the contractors took charge of the
work there were 716 cubic yards of gran
ite to be cut, all but 136 of which are
now in place, and the balance is cut at
the quarries in California. Of basaltic
stone there were 5,688 cubic yards to be
cut, of which 1,825 remain ; of basaltic
facing stone but 300 cubic yards remain
to be cut out of 3,744, and 634 yards of
quarry stone remain to be cut, out of
1,789. There are, in round numbers, re
maining to be cut, and including the
amounts just stated, 50,000 feet of basalt
and granite for the walls, 35,000 feet of
coping, 10,000 feet for the power house,
and 5,000 feet miscellaneous ; or 100,000
feet all together, which can be cut in
one hundred days.
Of the four gates required, three are
now on the grounds and ready to put to
gether. A train of fourteen cars arrived
Wednesday loaded with the sections of
one gate, and the other will be delivered
within a few weeks. These gates con
tain 2,239,000 pounds of steel. Of the
216,000 pounds of steel plates, angles,
etc., 200,000 pounds are already in place,
or on band. Of 43,900 pounds of steel
rods 35,000 pounds are in place, or on
hand, and 187,000 pounds of cast steel,
besides that enumerated, is in place.
There are other large amounts of steel,
such as plates, snubs, etc., which in the
aggregate run into the hundred thous
ands of pounds, but which space forbids
us to mention in detail.
There is considerable wall to be laid
yet, but for this a large portion of
the stone is cut, and as the foundations
are nearly all laid it can be put in place
very rapidly. The contract provides
that neither the upper or lower bulkhead
shall be removed until the eate next to
each is in place, so that there is a break
in the continuity of the walls at each
bulkhead. The work ou the outside of
them, however, is being pushed rapidly,
the excavations are completed for the
walls at each end, and the walls will be
completed before the next high water,
and all the gates will be in place by that
time. As soon as the summer rise is
gone the bulkheads will be removed, the
gaps in the walls connected and the
completion of the work will then require
only the dredging out of the channel
from the head and foot of the locks res
pectively, to. deep water, and this will
be accomplished, if the contractors are
left unhampered, before 1895 gives place
The total amount of money appropri
ated for the completion of the locks
under the contract system w.as $1,239,653,
and an unexpended balance besides was
available from the appropriation made in
1890. The contractors say there is
money enough, not to quite complete the
work, but sufficient to put the canal in a
condition to be operated. Of this total
amount the contractors have earned and
been paid up to December 31, 1894,
$731,000, and this does not include the
Z2 per cent held back by the govern
ment on a large amount of material now
Such briefly as we can state it, is the
condition of the work as shown by the
reports of Lieut. Taylor, showing the
amounts earned and the amount of work
yet to be done. The progress of the
work as noted by' one who is at all
familiar with it, appears exceedingly
rapid since the contractors took charge
of it, and the contrast between the ex
penditures under the - contractors, and
by the government, needs no comment.
The work is so widely scattered that the
casual observer does not realize the ex
tent of it, and it takes repeated visits
before one begins to realize the enor
mous amount of eartb that has been
moved, or the masses of stone and con
crete that have been put together. To
convey an idea of the latter we give the
estimates of masonry that will be in the
walls when completed 185,000 cubic
yards, or a mass of stone one yard high,
on yard wide and . 106 miles long.
When Senator Dolph visited the locks
last fall, he expressed himself as highly
gratified with the progress of the work
and remarked that "now he expected to
live to see the canal an accomplished
fact." The high water last June, be
sides causing unusual delay, caused also
considerable damage. The surging
waters rushed in an almost resistless
torrent over the made earth between the
canal and Powder House Point, sweep
ing everything movable before it. The
immense piles of stone, happily placed
so as to meet this torrent, alone saved
the works from entire destruction.
Those were busy days for every body at
the Locks. Lieut. Taylor was absent on
leave at the time, but he had the right
nlan for the occasion in his place in the
person of Mr. William Morris, i young
civil engineer, a Portland boy, to whose
whose energy and foresight, backed by
money and muscle, the success of the
fight against the waters was largely due.
The water approached the top of the
bulkhead and every man that could find
a place to work on was employed. It
was a gallant fight, brain and muscle,
meeting the fierce onslaught of the mad
waters and repelling it. . Nearly a thous
and barrels of cement were used in rais
ing and strengthening the bulkhead, be
sides cut stone, Backs of sand and every
thing available that would fill space or
hold back the tide. 4nd when oi the
6th of June the flood reached its highest
and stood still with the bulkhead yet a
foot or two above it, it was a proud day
for the gallant band who fought the un
chained elements, and conquered. It
was a great day for Eastern Oregon too,
though it did not know it, for if that
fight had been lost, there would not be
enough of the work left to form a nucleus
for an appropriation. The work would
either have been delayed for years, or
abandoned and the latter would most
probably have occurred.
As it is after a thorough and close
study of the situation, we believe that
the contractors will be easily able to do
just what they say they will, and that is,
have the canal ready to permit the pass
age of boats by next New Years day,
and if the season is favorable some time
sooner than that.
C. F STEPHENS,
If you want anything in the shape of
C L OT H I NO ,
For Man or Woman, Boy, Girl or Baby.
String; of Fish
Is not Carried
xip a Side Street.
It's just about as important
to let folks know that we ve
got extra fine Hams and Ba
con,Eastern Buckwheat Flour,
genuine Maple Syrup. The
Finest Coffee in town. A fine
ot of New Breakfast Foods.
Gold and Silver
to select from. ,
I. C. Nickelsen's.
To the General Public :
The undersigned has thoroughly re
modeled what is known as the Farmers'
Feed Yard, corner of Third and Madi
son, adjoining J. L. Thompson's black
smith shop, and Is now ready to accom
modate all; who" wish their horses well
fed and - properly cared for, at Prices to
Suit the Times.
AGNEW & McCOLLEY, Props.,
The Dalles, Or.
When the Train stops at THE DALLES, get off on the South Side
' -' AT TH
rlEW COLkUjvlSlfl HOTEli.
This large and popular House does the principal hotel business,
-and Is prepared to furnish the Best Accommodations of any
House in the city, and at the low rate of
$1.00 per Day.. - pirst Qlass Teals, 25 Cerpts.
Office for all Stage X.lnes leaving The Dalles for all
. points In Eastern Oregon and Kastern 'Washington,
in this Hotel.
Corner of Front and Union Sts.
T. T. NICHOLAS, Propr.
Successor to Paul Kreft & Co
PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS.
And the Most Complete and Latest Patterns and Designs in
WALL PAPER. WALL PAPER
PRACTICAL PAINTER'and PAPER HANGER. None but the best brands
of J. W. MASURY'S PAINTS used in all our work, and none but the
most skilled workmen employed. Agents for Masury Liquid Paints. No chem
icel combination or soap mixture. A first-class article in all colors. All orders
promptly attended to.
Store and Faint Shou corner Third and Washington Sts.. The Dalles, Oreoi.
"There is a tide in the affairs of men which, taken at its fiooa
DAIRY BUTTER (Dufur)
For all those who call on
us we have bargains in Fine
Goods; for those who don't,
J. B. CROSSEN,
Ask Central for 62.
We carry everything that is good
to eat, and at such prices that
we should have the trade of all
hungry people. ' :
Teas and Coffees.
Can give you an excellent blend
ed Coffee at 25 per pound.
Ask for Halrvor Butter.
Telephone No. 60.
3 ll-p jff.
We wish to announce that
we have made a specialty of '
Winter Blooming Bulbs,
HYACINTHS and LILIIES,
POTTED PLANTS of All Kinds.
leads on to. fortune"
The poet unquestionably had reference to the
osm 11 sis
at CRANDALL & BURGET'S,
Who are selling these goods out at greatly-reduced rates.
MICHELBACH BRICK, - UNION ST.
Pips Worn, Tin Repairs aim Hoofing
MAINS TAPPED UNDER PRESSURE.
Crop on Third Street, next door west of Youag & Eau1
Blacksmith Shop - -;
We are prepared to furnish
on short notice cut flowers
for all occasions; also pot
plants and wires.
Hyacinths in bloom A
beautiful holiday gift.
Get your Chrysanthemums
at once to send East.
Results from atmospnerio conditions,
unclean premises, imperfect ventilation
and more frequently from the deadly
SEWER OAS. A general rundown and
Impoverished condition of the blood en
sues, and if not corrected, Catarrh, Bron
chitis, and even Consumption may be the
result. S. S S. promptly corrects all
these evil effects.
Mr. 3. A. Rice, Ottawa, Kan., writes:
For three years I was troubled with Ma
laria, which caused my appetite to fail,
and I was so reduced in flesh, that
life lost Its charms. I tried mercurial
and potash remedies. but could get no relief.
I then decided to try , ; - ,
A few bottles of this Imp- 1
wonderful medicine U Vt XTV
made a complete and
rarmanent cure, and
I now enjoy better health than ever.
Our Treatise on Blood and Skin Diseases
mailed free to any address.
SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta, 6a.
Chapman Block, The Dalles, Oregon.
Life-size Crayons a specialty;