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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1893)
THE DALLAS. OREGON. MONDAY, JANUARY 9, 1893.
A. M. W
BiacKsmiiti & wagoii sucp
General Blacksmitbing nd Work done
promptly, and all work
lO Horse Shoeing a Speciality
TM Street, opposite the oil Lieoe Stanl
W. E. GARRETSOil,
SOIiB AGENT FOE TUB
, . ' .
All Watch Work Warranted.
Jewelry Made to Ordei
' j 138 Second St.. The Dalles. Or.
Campbell Bros. Proprs
(Successors to T. s. craa.)
Manufacturers of the finest French and
O .A. 2SF 3D I IE S,
Sast of Portland.
Tropical Fruits, Nuts, Cigars and Tobacco.
Can famish any of these good at Wholesale
. In Knrj Style.
Icq Cream and Soda Water.
104 Second Street. The Dalles, Or.
w. r. WI8KHAN.
Wiseman & parders, '
Saloon and Wine Root
The Dalles, - , Oregon.
cJF Northwest corner of Second and
8 LLS A
Of DALLES CITY, OR.
President - - - - - Z. F. Moody
Vice-President, - - Charles Hilton
Cashier, - - - - M. A. Moody
General Banking Business Transacted.
Sight Exchangee Sold on
and PORTLAND, OR.
' Collections made on favoreble terms
at all accessible points.
FRENCH & CO.,
TRANSACT A GENERAL BANKIKU BUSINESS
Letters of Credit issued available in he
Sight Exchange and Telegraphic
Transfers sold on New York, Chicago, St.
Louis, San Francisco, Portland Oregon,
Seattle Wash., and various points in Or
egon and Washington.
Collections made at all points on fav
, Gutting and Fining a Specialty.
Room 4 over French & Co 'a Bank. '
171 SECOND STREET,
MS & CO
J. 8. BCHKWOX,
H. II. Beau
first Rational Bank.
CHE DALLES, - - - OREGON
A General Banking Business transacted
Deposits received, subject to Sight
. Draft or Check.
Collections made and proceeds promptly
remitted on day of collection.
Sight and Telegraphic Exchange sold on
New York, San Francisco and Port
D. P. Thompson. Jno. S. Schbnck.
Ed. M. Wixljams, Geo. A. Lebbe.
" H. M. Bbaxl.
BEFORE YOXT ORDER GOODS OF
ANY KIND IN THE FURNISH
olf aai See: me
Shirts of all , kinds to order, at
prices which defy competition. Other
gooas in proportion. . ir. DAG AN,
Second St., The Dalles
Bole Agent for WANNA MAKER dt BROWN,
MRS. GIBSON, Prop.
THE DALLES, OR.
ABOUT SMALL STATES.
Disproportion of Electors on tie Present
' Representation, -
SUBVERTING THE MAJORITY WILL.
A Rule Which Does not Often At ise but
now Possibly Exists. -
LIEELT TO COHX Br IX CONGRESS.
A Chug Anticipated far Apportionment
or Kleotors In the Varlons
States Other News.
Special to Thb Chkonicli.
Washington, Jan. 9. The admission
of six new states with twenty electors on
a vote of 261,000 population, was dis
cussed in the senate committee of elec
tions at the last meeting, and in look
ing over the final figures of the late elec
tion one is impressed with at least one
conspicuous feature. Theoretically, in
a republican government the majority
governs. Though the government is
based upon this fundamental principle
the system of presidential elections is so
constructed as to subvert the will of the
majority and enable a minority to rule.
This result does not often arise, but the
possibility of it now exists. Six new
states this year cast 261,576 votes and
chose twenty presidential electors. At
the same time the state of Minnesota
cast 267,700 votes and has but. nine elec
toral votes. The new states are :
Statet Total vote Electors.
Idaho 19,509 3
Montana. . ... 44,143 , 3
North Dakota 36,118 3
Koutu Dakota 78,857 . 4
Washington 66,383 4
Wyoming 15,566 3
Totals.. .....261,576 20
In addition to these there were nine
states each of which cast less than 100,-
000 votes. The aggregate vote . of these
states was 536,986, and they have thirty
nine electors. These last-described
Colorado 94,848 4
Delaware.. . . 36,601 3
Florida . . '34,048 4
Nevada 10,825 3
inew Hampshire 89,328 4
Oregon 92,081 4
Rhode Island 53,188 4
South Carolina 70,492 - 9
Vermont 55,575 4
Totals 536,986 , j 39
The aggregate vote of these two groups
of states is 798,562, and they have in all
fifty-nine electors. That is to say they
have less then seven per cent of the
vote of the country, with over thirteen
per cent of - the representation in the
electoral college.. Yet the fifteen states,
with 'fifty-nine electors, do not muster
as many votes by 75,084 as does Illinois,
with but twenty-four electors. While
no : condition has arisen wherein this
situation has been made obnoxious, the
opportunity always exists. In the pas
sage of years differences ' may arise by
which a minority of the population con
trolling a majority of the electors may
encounter physical resistance from a
majority of the population controlling a
minority of the electors. It would be
better if the apportionment of electors
upon representation were wined out
altogether. ' -
Denies the Report.
A Wall street paper, publishes. Mr.
Villard's denial of the report that he was
to retire from the N. P. R., and says :
The denial did not affect securities ad
versely. It is considered scarcely likely
that he would leave at a time like this.
It is stated Villard will first exert him
self to put the property in good credit
again, and may then resign. His friends
say Villard is not the man who will go
out under fire. As the times improve,
and opportunity is offered for the com
pany to float its bonds and pay off float
ing debts, Northern Pacific securities, it
is stated, will be booming, and then
villard will not-only resign from the
JNortnern acinc, but all active business.
The Koslyn Trial Postponed.
A dispatch from Umatilla says that
ten of the 28 Oregon stockmen who were
witnesses in the Roslyn bank robbery
case arrived en route to their homes near
Fossil, the trial having been postponed
until January 13th. They all seem con'
fident of the ultimate discharge of the
prisoners Hale, Zachary and Kimsey
The judge reduced their bail last week
to $6,000. Friends have already raised
bonds sufficient for the release of one of
the boys, and expect to have all three of
them out in a day or two.
A St. Louis dispatch says one of the
most dangerous counterfeits in existence
was presented at the counter of the state
bank today. It was an admirable fac
simile of a $2 certificate. It bears the
head of General W. S. Hancock, and is
of the series of 1886, letter "B."- The
paper is so good as to defy detection by
any one except an expert, and
the work throughout is admirable. The
point where detection is easiest is in the
lathe work around the figure 2, iu the
upper right hand corner. This is light
and the lines are not as distinct as in the
genuine bill. Bank officials pronounce
it oue of the best executed counterfeits
they have ever seen. ..'
Government for Alaska.
A Washington dispatch says a bill to
provide a temporary government for
Alaska .was introduced in the senate
on Saturday by Piatt. It provides for
a seat of government at Sitka, the execu
tive power to be vested in the governor
and secretary. The territory is designat
ed as one judicial district, with a resident
district judge, required to hold at least
two terms annually, one each at Sitka
and Juneau. The bill directs the presi
dent to appoint seven, commissioners
with powers of county judges, at an an
nual salary of $2,000 each. Other minor
officers are provided for, and the general
laws of the state of Oregon are declared
to be the law in the territory of Alaska.
The territory is declared to be a land
district, and suitable provision is made
for entries. Dealing in or manufactur
ing liquors is prohibited, save for medic
inal purposes by licensed druggists.
All persons, including Indians, born or
naturalized in the, United States, resid
ing in Alaska at the time of the passage
of the act, are declared citizens of the
United States, and no person who can
not speak the English language in ordi
nary conversation will be allowed to
vote or hold an electoral office. None
but natives are allowed to reside on the
coast north of Behring strait and in the
interior north of the Arctic circle.
OPJSN THB KITES.
How People Alone; the Shores in Wash
ington Peel About It.
A voice from Klickitat, a county
which is interested but would pay no
taxes an the plan reported in the Port
of Columbia scheme. The Goldendale
Sentinel says : The earnest effort that
is now being made to open the Columbia
to the sea gives great encouragement to
all persons who are in anyway producers
living within reach of the stream. In
this county of all others upon which it
borders will the benefit of an open river
be the greatest. Klickitat is about 125
miles long with not less than 150 miles
of water front. The width is nothing
compared with that. The most valua
ble, also the most fertile portion of our
county lies within easy hauling distance
of the river, and the reduction of freight
rates will not only increase the profits
of farming but will enhance the value of
farm land and also bring investers into
the county. , -
With the completion of the locks will
come the greatest benefit of all: the
reduction in rates which are now so ex
orbitant that the life is being choked
out of every little enterprise that has at
tempted to exist between Portland and
Pasco. With the opening of the river a
new era will dawn for the country adja
cent the Columbia and every branch of
business will prosper once more.
An increased profit in grain-growing
will. lead to greater enterprises in that
direction ; the same with the fruit grow
ers or stock raisers. Lumbering, too,
may be benefited by an open river and
that industry which at present is on the
decline in this county may be made
quite profitable once more: The con
tract for the locks is already let. If due
expedience is used the "river will be
open "by the time the next ' crop will
start on its way to a market. Let the
work go on. It is surely needed and
will repay many loid.
Something new, those Aristo photos
at Herrin's gallery over the postoffice
The finest polish in the land. New
eastern scenic background. We lead,
others follow. We originate, others im
itate. . ' ... .,
Go to Joles Bros, for the celebrated
Wftrnr hntlr onlv 75 c(nt rwr roll.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
THI 1IOXTH OF DECEMBER.
Reviewed for Washington and OnfM
by IS. S. Faroe.
The month of December, 1892, was
colder than usual in Oregon and Wash
ington except in southwestern Oregon,
where it was slightly warmer than usual.
The deficiency in the other section
ranged one to three degrees. The pre
cipitation was hi excess over Washing
ton and eastern Oregon and about nor
mal, or slightly deficient in western Or
egon. .Nearly seven inches of precipita
tion occurred at Portland, nearly -11 in
ches at Olympia, 5 inches at Roseburg;
and The Dalles and from 2 to 4 inches at
Baker city, Walla Walla and throughout
the Inland Empire. The distinguishing
feature of the month was the snow storm
which was especially heavy from British -Columbia
to the Calapooia mountains,
west of the Cascades, and which extend
ed to all parts of both states, save south
western Oregon : The latter was visited
by a severe swind storm on the 24th. '
which did great damage to the forests,
some damage to buildings, fences, etc. -
. The month opened with rain, result
ing from the very low pressure of Nov.,
26th. The influence of this low pressure
continued until the 4th when a higk
pressure appeared, the first since Nov
9th, the high prevailed until the 9th, '
when a low prevailed until the-13th; on
the 13th a second high presaur ap
peared which moved southeastward ok .- .
the 14th and 15th, and by the 19th it
influence bad passed away and the low i
pressure of the 19th prevailed,, it first
appeared off the mouth of the Columbia. . :
river ; on the morning of the 20th a high '
pressure formed over Washington which
rapidly disappeared and gave- way to
the .low pressure from which resulted
the snow storm. On the evening- of th
20th the low pressure was off Van
couver's island, with a high pressure
over British northwest ; on the 22d the)
low pressure, or storm centre, was off-
Eureka, Cal. On the 23rd it moved
north again and was central off Van
couver's island, on the 24th it was cen
tral off Roseburg ; on the 25th off th
mouth of the Columbia river, on tha
26th it had disappeared, and on the 27th
it was again central off Roseburg, on the
28th it was central north of British Gol-
umbia, and from there moved eastward;
a high pressure prevailed from the . 29th
to the close of the month.
The various movements, positions and
effects of the storm center whioh moved -along
the coast from the 19th to the 29th
is very interesting. The amount of
snow that fell varied from 15 inches
through the Willamette valley and 2
inches at Portland to 51 inches at Olym
pia, 11 inches at Astoria, 32 inches- at
The Dalles and 4 inches at ' Baker city.
The lowest temperature of the month
occurred during the' prevalence of tb
low pressure from the 19th to the 23rd ;
and the highest temperatures-occurred
in the fore part of the month and during
the' prevalence of the chinook, which
began on the 23rd and lasted for four
days. The storm in Jackson, Josephine,
Douglas, Coos and Curry counties,. Ore
gon, occurred during the passage ef the)
low barometer along the coast and which
was central in these counties on th
morning of the 24th, previous to the
appearance of the chinook wind in these
The snow west of the Cascade was the
heaviest on record. In December 1884
the former heaviest snow storm re
curred. The snow blockaded the rail
roads and did Home damage by breaking
down roofs of weak buildings. It waa
of great benefit to fall sown grain and to
the Boil. The grain was protected . dur
ing the cold weather and as it melted
gradually it was of great benefit in thor
oughly soaking the earth. The melting;
snow and rainfall combined eaused tb -rivers
in the western portions of Wash
ington and Oregon to rise quite rapidly,
but they did not over-flow their banks.
At the close of the month bat little enow
remained on the ground except on' th .
higher elevations and in the mountains.
' Mr. John Cook of San Francisco,
formerly of the Baldwin hotel barber
shop, arrived in the city last evening,
and will occupy a chair in Mr. Fisher's
Elite tonsorial parlors.
Carpets and furniture at reduced rate
at Crandall & Burget's, next door t
Floyd & Shown'a drug store. .