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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (March 24, 1921)
C 8. JACKSON .Firtlito
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at The Journal buikliac. Broadway and Xaae-
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e- 8UB.HCKIITION KATK8
' " By Carrier, City and Country
DAILY A Nil HIj'NDAY
Om week .16 1 One month t .69
DAILT I BUNDAT
On week......t .10 Om week $ .OB
One month. 45
BY HAIL. AM. RATES PAYABLE IS ADVANCE
iMW.Y AND bUMIAT
One year tit MO
Hi months. .... 4-25
(Without bund j)
One yr ...... 6 M
SI moMlw. . . . . 8. '.'5
Three montna... 1.7ft
One montE .00
' (Erery Wedoenday)
One year. .... .$1.00
Hit mrwitha BO
Ona month.-. . .
On year. .... .98.00
Mix montna. . . r. 1.78
Three montba. . . 1.00
One year...... S3. 50
Tbeaa rate anoly only in the West.
Batea to Eaatern pointa furnibed on applies?
tins. Make remitUncea by Money Order. Eapreae
Order or Draft. If your poatotliee M not
Money Order office. 1 or 2-cent aUmp will be
accepted. Make all remitUncea payable to The
Journal, Portland, Oregon,
When, one baa bad all hia conceit taken
ent of elm. wben he baa lost All bia illuaiooe. -hia
f rather will aoon aoak through and he
will fly no more.
Olirer Wendell Holmes.
PARTNERS IN THE PLANT i
AN 'IDEAL relationship between
two forces ne-er grew out of an
tagonism and distrust. It never grew
out of unrelenting; combat. , It was
. never cemented by ties of might,
A civilization based on might is not
a sound civilization. It may- live
temporarily, but it will ultimately
fall. A government founded on
might it a. tottering government. Any
relatlonship depending for its exist
ence on might alone will not with
stand the rigors of the years.
Capital has looked with suspicion
on labor. The workingman has, and
often rightfully so. distrusted capital.
Each has been antagonistic to the
other.' , . .-:
Each has invariably questioned the
other's motives and unalterably
opposed its proposals. On that basis
an industrial system has been reared
It has not been eminently suc
cessful. No system is eminently suc
cessful that is lacking in efficiency.
Millions of dollars have been wasted
in lockouts. More millions have been
swallowed up in strikes. Plants have
lain idle for months and months,
while workers' -were 'without work
and wages. Economic wastage has
gone out to strikebreakers. Lives
have been spent In the struggles,
while operations were at a standstill.
The system Is not efficient and not
permanent on such a basis.
There have been moves to es
tablish industrial plants on a founda
tion of cooperative effort and mutual
assistance. Visioned men have
recognized that the interests of capl
. tal . and labor are inter-dependent,
that one's fortunes are dependent on
the other's fortunes in our present
scheme of things. On that principle
some plants have been operated and
they have been successful.
The Armours have presented a
cooperative proposal - to their em
ployes as a solution of the . present
differences. They. offer a plan of
industrial democracy In which the
employes share In the control of the
business. , ,
, The ' employes are wary . of the
overtures of the packing magnates.
In view of the past record of the
packers the workers quite naturally
question the sincerity of the present
.proposal. , ' ,-- t
But it is & plan that should not
,be hastily rejected as without merit.
If genuine it is based on cooperation
and mutual aid and is calculated to
eliminate antagonism and distrust. lt
; is a move toward a combination of
-workers and capital for the benefit
. of both." ,.It recognizes a principle
that capital and labor are partners
: that should long ago have been writ
ten Into the code of. operations of
-American industrial institutions.
"The Community Chest puts char
ity on a cold-blooded , business basis
; and I am opposed to it." i This state
ment' was made by a Portland
lawyer, when asked to be a speaker
In behalf of the Chest campaign.
Others should not fall Into the same
error. The Commuunity Chest fur
nishes an intelligently organized con
nection between the: warm heart of
generosity and. the' needy. It fi-m-utcea
oryanieart philanthropy In a
week for a year in order that appeals
hall not be disappointed because of
lack , of , money. The Community
Chest furnishes si' whole vity rather
than the comparative few a chance
to put .charity on a cash basis and
thus keep the heart" of : charity
stronger than ever before.
CAN THEY. DO NO WRONG?
IT WAS Jess than a week ago that
a Portland pdliceman shot a mo
torist in the head ' because ; he did
not stop his machine when the of
ficer commanded him to halt. Al
though the motorist -declares he did
not bear the command, and although
tne orricer was n piam ciotnes. me
latter blazed away, shooting to kin,
at a man against whom he had no
- A few days later, another officer
jostled a man on the street. The
man remonstrated and was Immedi
ately arrested, although no charges
were placed against him. .
At almost the 'same time we hear
of another .patrolman knocking an
intoxicated ! man- 'to the pavement
with a terrific blow.
Have'Fortland policemen come to
believe that , they are all-powerful?
Have they come to think that they
are clothed with such authority that
they can do no wrong, that they can
jostle people about on the street and
arrest them on general principles if
the latter dare to assert their rights.
and that they can even employ their
weapons to kill regardless of the in
nocence or guilt of a citizen ? Are
they empowered 'to mercilessly beat
a drunken man when blows are not
in any way necessary to place him
under. arrest? , I i - i . :
It is apparent that some of Port
land's : officers are in need of in
struction as to their own conduct and
the duties and power of their posi
tions. : .. f
That 'the teachers are taking an
active interest in accident preven
tion in Portland is evidenced by a
traffic accident chart maintained to
keep preventloa constantly in pupils'
minds. It is encouraging to the
mothers and fathers of this city to
know that the teachers are taking
steps to protect the lives and limbs
of the children -in their charge.
WHEN CIVILIZATION ROTS
TO WHAT extent is there moral
A rottenness among those who
revel in millions in America?
Here was a man who they say
was seriously discussed as a candl
date for president of the republic. A
shot revealed to the world his open
liaison with a girl whom he ruined
while she was yet in her teens. He
was a topnotcher in the millions at
his command " and as a political
leader. - -; ' I -' ; ::.
And here Ls the disgusting story
of the president of the National City
bank, one of the premier banking
institutions of the world. He is a
master of finance, a member of
Gotham's exclusive rich. : His adult
ery with a chorus girl and his fath
erhood of her illegitimate son are
revealed to an astonished country by
divorce proceedings. -.
And to cap the climax, by. unani
mous vote the directors of his bank
refused to accept; his resignation as
president, tendered by him as a re
sult of the scandal. Is their moral
concept " so low that all the in
dulgences of a bigamous lif 3 by the
president of the Institution is a mere
trifle? 'i. ::
In the ethics of millionairedom is
money license? Is there no longer
an old fashioned code of morality in
which the vows of marriage and the
obligations of home are sacred? Is
there no . law against, adultery for
money kings and ' barons of oil?
Probably not. But from the Stokeses,
the Stillraans and the Hamons we
are given examples of moral rotten
ness that amaze and confuse. And
from the annals of the past we learn
that when nations became thor
oughly immoral, they perished from
the earth. i
The pessimist who predicts that
hard times will continue at least four
years is flanked by the optimist who
declares that he can ' see the time
approaching when he will be able
again to get all he wants to eat for
35 cents.' ." " . '. 1-
WHEN WE HAD COMPETITION
THERE is some controversy over
what Mr. Hickman of the tele
phone company sald to the hotel
men. It is fair to him to say that
some hotel men I say he was not
correctly quoted. ,A Journal reporter.
present at the meeting, says that Mr.
Hickman angrily replied to one ques
tioner in effect that "if you' do not
like our rates cut out your oh one:
we are not seeking your business."
In any event, if the old Home sys
tem had still been in competition with
the Bell, no representative of either
system - would have made such a
reply. ? When the Home system was
functioning both companies were
competing for business. Both were
seeking patrons and were very oblig
ing in their efforts to land them.
They would tell you the time of day
and give you .information about the
result of the day's baseball game, call
you mornings and. render other ac
commodating service. But all that
was dropped when the two systems
were merged. , j " 1 C ? , K --
But when we had comDetine tele
phone systems the people were told
that they were keeping up two tele
phone plants, that it caused duplica
tion and that it was more, expensive.
The utilities always tell you that corn-"
peting systems and duplicating plants
are wasteful and costly and that the
thing to do ls to combine them into
one so the cost of service may I be
cut and rates be reduced. ' And the
people get" used; to the argument
gradually accept it, the consolidation
takes place, and almost without ex
ception,: tHe rates go up and service
1 And the Home phone would b in
Portland today, and there would be
competition in service and competl
tidn in rates, but for the deliberate
action, ot the people themselves. At
an election they voted down ? the
measure requiring the competing sys
tems to interchange ; service. . - They
listened to' the - paid agents and to
those who told them that interchange
of service was impracticable ani im
possible. ' The Journal advocated
passage of the measure, . declaring
that Interchange was practicable, and
its Insistence : was '. fully confirmed
when, after buying the Home com
pany, the Bell system installed a com
plete interchange of service and : is
now operating both lines under such
an arrangement, t ; J - ; 1
In their ' present situation it may
be of value to phone users to ponder
over this maxim: That it is a good
thing to think when you vote and
then vote as you think.
Certain articles of American man
ufacture have never been dislodged
from their foothold in European
markets by . imitation or price cut
ting. Among them are safety razors.
fountain pens, tooth paste in col
lapsible tubes and dress shields.
KEEP THE PLEDGE
A GREAT gathering of farmers is
to assemble at Washington to
urge congress to enact agricultural
legislation at the extraordinary ses
sion of congress. From every state
there will, be representatives of r the
National farm Bureau Federation,
the National Milk Producers' associ
ation and the National Farmers'
Union. What they ask is emergency
tariff legislation to stop importation
of certain farm ' products. It was
promised them by those who won the
election. The pledge ought to be
kept. "'' . - : ? -. 1 !,.
Imported shoddies are in compe
tition with American wool. The con
sumer gets no relief from that com
petition or from the importation of
foreign wools. The price of clothing
is so high that people are refusing
to buy. Anyway, there is less than
1 8 worth of wool in an average suit
of clothing when wool prices are
high, and an import duty sufficient
to protect the home industry would
scarcely affect the consumer.
The same thing is true of hides.
The farmer cannot sell a beef hide
for; enough to 'buy pair of shoes.
A shoe that used to cost the retailer
$5 now costs him $12 to $15.: The
leather trust has made unparalleled
dividends and the stockman is count
ing his losses. The tariff from time
immemorial has favored the' leather
trust and the shoe trust and the other
trusts and left the farmer the husks.
Here is an instance typical of
hides: A Montana farmer obtained
a beautiful black hide from a two-
year-old steer. He sent It to a hide
and fur company to be tanned for h
robe. The com pan y wrote :
To tan this hide will cost you $12.17.
To line it and make it into a robe will
cost you $22.50 complete. We are not
doing any tanning this season without
o in advance, and ask you to remit us
$5 on account. If we do not hear from
you within K days, we shall be com
pelled to send you a check for the
value -of the. hide, which is $143,. less
ii cents ror xreignt. ... ;
For the I first time : the farmers,
gathering at Washington In force.
are taking a course : that will ) yield
results. The trained and paid lobby
ists of the Institutions that sell to
farmers have always been in the leg
islative corridors, stacking legisla
tion. They have flocked and
swarmed around congress demand
ing all kinds of high import duties
for the manufacturer, : and getting
them. It has meant high prices for
what the farmer buys and low prices
for what he sells. ; f
The proof Is on every hand. ' It
appears in the country-wide losses
to agriculture, placed at $5,000,000,-
000 in the late slump in prices. , It
Is to be seen In the increase in the
number of farm mortgages, . In the
mounting level of farm tenantry and
in the drift of farm population to the
American automobiles are gaining
a widened market In Argentina. But
until American ', road builders : also
turn thejr attention to the southern
republic. It Is doubtful if touring will
become .as. popular as the machines.
Most of the roads are merely (racks
on the natural surface.
THE ORACLES SPEAK
IT was a grand day at Camden, New
Jersey, Thursday.! The super
dreadnought ' Colorado, the most
modern ' and most expensive :; sea-
fighter 4ri the world, glided into the
waves for the first time. Young Mr.
Roosevelt had his say. So did Sena
tor Nicholsen of Colorado, So did
Representative Kelley of Michigan.
Roosevelt, branded all pacifists as
The senator from Colorado de
scribed those who favor disarmament
as feeble-minded. K' ,
The Michigan representative de
clared- there can be no such thing as
disarmament. '. : : "' : v
The oracles had spoken. The giant
fighter glided into the water.: And
now all those in this country who
desire freedom from -war and i war
expenses must know, that they are
feeble' minded and fools. "
THE END OF THE
LEVER ACT :
rom Loud Hurrahs to Mournful Sighs
Rang-es the Comment on the Supreme
Court's Action A Thing Which ,
Everybody Save the Gouger Not ?
Only Needs but Wants. Is Still f
Beyond Legislative Powers. -
Daily Editorial Digest
- (Conaolidated Free AmociattonJ.
The stamp of "unconstitutionality"
placed upon the Lever - act, originally
designed to protect the public from war
time profiteering, remains unquestioned
as to its validity by the American news
papers, but a large number of writers
feel that the people will suffer when
even this ? false bulwark is removed.
Conceding that it .! .
worked to some -extent at least during
wartime, rear : is expressed by some
that, now that it " , has been "calied,"
the profiteer will be encouraged. There
are those, of course, who-think that the
"illegal law, is better out of the way
and that the stimulus which its removal
has given business will more than make
up for the escape of a few offenders.
v ' - . e - .. : , -
The Portland Oregonian (Ind. Hep.)
takes a practical - view of the matter.
Although . it!now, turns ; out that ? the
Lever act, was a gigantic bluff in the
sense that it had ' no support either in
constitution or ' law," it, nevertheless,
"worked" because it was backed by 'the
united, .overwhelming force of public
opinion." While .the New York Post
(Jnd.) finds it ("unfortunate" that, the
decision . had , to be made which per
mitted nullification "of hundreds of pro
secutions" and admits that ,it is "a
lesson on the way not to draft a law,"
that paper still feels that the" act was
"of great value in intimidating many
would-be " profiteers ""and speculators."
The Boston Transcript, (Ind. Rep.) like
wise agrees with the soundness of the
supreme , court's ruling but also feels
that the law "has served Its purpose."
The Buffalo Commercial (Ind.). too.
considers that "it checked the greed of
the prof iteer and the labor leader." That
the results of the act "in practice fell
far short of the necessities of the situa
tion," the Baltimore Sun (Ind. Dcm.)
believes, but grants that, they had "a
great psychological effect."
' - - e e V-' '
There are those who can see little in
the war record of the law to excuse its
existence as a meddling civilian. Says
the Fort - Worth Star-Telegram I (lnd.
Dem), "The decision of the supreme
court puts an end to the Intolerable in
terference in business which has been
practiced under the Lever act. .Not only
was it intolerable in time of peace, but
it actually defeated, rather than served.
the purpose which it was intended to
serve." . : ::. -.- ' , :-c --.f - .-.
Probably no recent court detision, -the
Brooklyn Eagle ; (Ind. Dem.) . believes,
"has done so. , much , to . settle business
conditions," for, in the words cf the De
troit Free Press (ind.).Jt will "place a
quietus 'on the. activities of some people
who have been trying to use the Lever
act as an excuse ' for' sticking : their
fingers into things with which they' have
no concern." y Reminding , its .readers
that it "has repeatedly ;. questioned the
validity of a law which, In peace . times,
should dictate to "a dealer . what ? he
should charge for! anything- he had;' for
sale,", the Canton i (Ohio)- News ( Dem. )
remarks : "There is no law which ..re
quires patrons to buy from any particu
lar dealer, and the dealer, has a right; to
demand what I he ''pleases for his mer
chandise his property rights are guar
anteed by the constitution. It is doubt
ful if the public took seriously prosecu
tions made under the Lever law against
alleged profiteers." In the opinion of
the Pittsburg Gazette-Times (Rep.), the
act was "seizure of despotic! power by
the government of a democratic repub
lic" assented to by the people simply
because the country was at war and
they were willing to make any sacrifice
necessary to win."
"However. another side to this phase
of the question is recognized by many
papers, among them the Sioux . City
(Iowa) Journal (Rep.) which grants
that "the act was an interference with
business," but continues : "There is a
point at which. It becomes the right and
duty of the government to interfere with
business. : Although the act was diffi
cult of enforcement and has been ' de
clared unconstitutional. It I was not
wholly Ineffective." r
Following this logic a step further, the
St. Louis Star , (Ind.) suggests that now
since the supreme court has "cleared
out some of the trash." the people can
"demand something constructive to fake
Us place," and the Fort Wayne Journal
Gazette (Dem.) predicts that "sooner or
later there will be a law in this coun
try that will make it possible for organ
ized society to protect itself against ex
ploitation." That this will . not bo so
easy of accomplishment is the fear of
the Ohio State Journal (Columbus, Rep.),
which feels that "the main thing ; the
government could do successfully to
protect the public to some deirree against
the greedily powerful"' would be nega
tive rather than positive : that is, "mere
ly to grant no special favor of any kind
to any Interest, and thus do something
in promoting fair and free competition."
As it is, the abolition of the Lever act.
the Hartford f Times (Dem.) regrets,
leaves the country without any protec
tion against price gouging except the
little it may secure through j the anti
trust act and conspiracy statutes, v
- . e
Under these : circumstances, the Nor
folk (Neb.) News (Ind.) believes that
it "will be generally regretted that there
remains no adequate way of dealing
with the man who made a fortune out
of the war by takinsr advantage of the
distress and needs of the people. The
"moral" effect of the decision will be
detrimental, the Birmingham Age-Herald
(Ind. Dem.) believes, for "It will give
comfort to unscrupulous firms and Indi
viduals" and "it will strengthen the con
viction of the ' prof iteers victims, -who
constitute a considerable part of the na
tion's population, that their government
cannot prevent : them from being ex
ploited." : These "immediate and lasting
effects of the ruling." the Rochester
Herald (Ind.) thinks, "will be profound
ly harmful.", ;-;;':';iy-v i -s;-.-
Curious Bits' of Inforrnation
Gleaned From Curious Places
Howe's cave, in Schoharie county. N.
T- 89 miles from Albany. - is i regarded
as the most remarkable cavern in exist
ence, after the Mammoth cave in Ken
tucky. - It was discovered sin 1842 by
Lester Howe, who is said to have pene
trated into its interior for a distance ot
12 miles. The farthest point reached by
the. visitor is about four miles from the
entrance. . The cave contains some re
markable stalactites and stalagmites and
abounds In curious and fantastic forma
tions. - . ' .
MRS. HARDING'S FIVE COOKS
From Capper Weekly..
Mrs. Warren G. Harding found her
servant problem solved s for her - when
she became mistress of- the -White
House. Cooks, chambermaids, laundry
women, butler and pantrymen 20 in all
are provided by the government at a
cost of $30,000 a year, and there is a
housekeeper who has been in charge of
the servants since the administration of
ex-President Taft.: Previous to that
time a steward was in charge. Only
the expense of the personal ; servants
whom a new president and his wife
may choose to hare accompany them to
the White House is borne by the chief
executive.,1.-- ----- - 4 - : - O"-
Mrs. Harding has retained the serv
ices of Inez McWhorter, . her cook, and
a chauffeur but . she found at . the
White House four cooks retained by the
government : and four .chauffeurs.
All food bought for the White House
table, - whether for the private table - or
for state functions, must be paid out
of the pocket of the : chief executive.
Caterers to the White House usually
are selected by the housekeeper, unless
the "first lady of the land" desires to
follow particular preferences which may
previously nave been formed.
f Communication Bent to - The Journal for
PWMieauon xn this oeparunens anouid M wnmen
oa only one aide of the paper; ahould not exceed
30O word in lencth, and unit be aisned by the
writer, w&ose man addreaa 10 lull uuat accom
paoy th oontnontion. I ' .
" - REBUKES COMMISSIONERS
Not Bound, to Render , Decision on
' ; Incomplete-Information.
Portland, March 22 To the Kditor of
The Journal The decision of the hotel
owners to ask for a rehearing ; in the
telephone rate case and, failing there
to get relief, to take the decision to the
courts, la the prescribed J procedure in
the public utilities act. .Following this
course would, perhaps, appeal more
strongly to the more sober minded per
sons . thart the recall movement. It
might be appropriate to mention in con
nection with the above that the public
service ' commission has . already stated
through the press ' that if the public is
not satisfied with its decision -it has the
privilege of seeking redress through the
courts. ' Putting this statement in as
mild a form as possible, it is; a defiance
that is, if you don't like its decision,
"cut it out" through the jcourts.. but
don't bother us. . The representative of
the telephone company said yesterday to
the hotel owners: "If yon don't like our
rate charges or our method of propor
tioning rates, cut v your telephones out
we are not seeking your business." C
The public might Construe or under
stand the statements made by both the
commission and the telephone company,
that if it did not" like the decision and
the telephone rates it could go. to h L
I would ' not advise the acceptance of
such an invitation, but I certainly would
advise going direct to the courts for
relief, and proceeding with the recall
movement. The public service commis
sion has admitted that it was not author
laed under , the law to examine certain
sub-corporations of the parent company
and was thereby ; barred from making
a complete investigation, which was
absolutely necessary as a basis for rais
ing or reducing telephone rates. ; Not
withstanding this important fact, the
rates were increased .30 to 250 per cent.
This In itself, in my opinion, would
disqualify the personnel of the present
commission. I have carefully examined
the law creating the public service -com
mission and setting- forth its powers ana
duties and I cannot agree with the
statement that it is without power to
make a . proper Investigation ; ' on the
contrary, - it has practically unlimited
power and authority and could force
the utility companies to furnish any and
all information required, upon which' to
base an equitable decision.
- The decision of the commission in
the telephone rate case reads in part :
"Under the law and in the light of the
records of this case, the commission has
no alternative other than to - provide
additional revenue." "
It is, claimed and admitted that the
evidence was Incomplete. . ' Yet an in
crease in rates was granted.' The com
mission was not duty bound 'to render
a decision on an incomplete record or
in the absence of a complete and sweep
ing investigation of the case. In the
absence of complete evidence the public
should have been given the r benefit of
the doubt. . W. L. Archambeau.
THE OLD POSTOFF.CE 4
Insistence That It Be Left Alone; Mon-
' - ument Somewhere Else. -it
Portland, March 18. To the Editor of
The Journal The. present old post off ice
at Fifth and Morrison streets is needed,
and badly needed,- by the great mass of
ordinary, everyday citizens that live or
do business "downtown." To abolish it
would cause inestimable inconvenience
to the .mass of people who make Port
land great, no matter how many "branch
postoffices" were put in behind little
blind desks in drug stores and other in
convenient places. As sure as that office
is discontinued a cry will go up for some
other downtown place where business can
be transacted on a big scale, as it is
there ; where the Christmas rush can be
taken care of. at least to a degree.
The needs and convenience of the great
mass of ' citizens should be the first
thought of our public men,! and Con
gressman McArthur is to be commended
for asking expressions of opinion as to
the removal of the building.. Just let it
alone. - Business will get along very
nicely. The real estate dealers will find
"something else - to play with," and
Mayor Baker's fervid patriotism will
soon bubble over in some new place.
' Horace Addis.
. THE TELEPHONE INCREASE .
A Protest Against One. of the Compauy's
Chief Arguments for It,
; Portland, March ,23. To the Editor
of ; The Journal For. working people
there is not much interest in the con
troversy between the telephone company
and its patrons over the question of in
creased . rates. It is only . when the
henchmen of this : overfed corporation
justify the increase with the proviso
that the higher rates will enable the
company to create jobs for 'the idle, that
one objects. The fact Is that we have
been fed up on such-bunk for so long
that the dish - has . become nauseating,
and unless : the telephone company has
some more plausible . reason than the
philanthropic one of trying to find work
for the unemployed it should not succeed
in retaining the higher rate. - ''
WOULD RENAME THE COMMISSION
Portland, March 22. To the! Editor of
The Journal Would it not be proper to
rename' the public service commission of
Oregon? I would suggest it should be
called - corporation service commission.
The commission has done nothing to help
the public in the matter of high prices.
Everything in the way of eatables and
clothing has taken a decided drop. Why
not phones, gas and other public utilities?
'The people of Portland and Oregon
must be thankful to The Journal Tor. the
fight it has always put up in favor of
the people. ' I think it is the only paper
worth while in the city.
Uncle Jeff Snow Says
One of these here agricultural sharps
was a-tellin us at the Corners school
house t'other - night that farmers bad
orter keep ; books so's to tell - where
they're at on. the cost of butter, pigs.
loganberries and sich. But Jedge Mc
Cracken doubted the wisdom of it. He
'lowed that If the farmer got to figgerin
like the big corporations does he'd bring
hisself out busted all the time; and, not
havin' any bunch of commissionerslto
raise his rates fer him, like i the rail
roads and the telephones has, he'd git so
discouraged that he wouldn't raise
nuthin' nor buy nuthin' and the coun-
try'd go Bolshevik by 4,000.000 majority.
HE'S DOOMED 4 -From
the Baltimore American
An international roping match has
teen announced between a -i- Mexican
woman, and an American woman.? The
name of the .man has not yet - been
Letters From the People
divulaed. - ,
- Let the Community Chest swell.
a . e
The terror of sin Is that children
must bear the burden of penalty , for
their elders. - . -
. . . . e
' As fast as automobiles lengthen the
spines of the race, reckless drivers
shorten life, so the score ls even. .
Some of these new "California bunga
lows" seem to - have been built to ; fit
California's drouthy climate. -
e , e . "'
Having been given an inch, the public
service commission seems to want the
When the Clara Hamon motion pic
tures are released we shall have a real
test, of the worth of censorship.
Twenty-five chickens to a city lot will
be quite enough to make the sleeper's
Sunday morning nap one long cackle.
"Masterpiece carved on bean. No,
sonny, -that doesn't mean that someone
has been crowned with a length of pipe.
- Veteran coughs un Cfvil war 'bullet.
That's nothing. - We coughed up the
price of a sack of flour just before the
price dropped s ,
It will be handy to have a capable
man like Hoover in the cabinet if for
no other reason than to solve riddles
for his colleagues. .
- - , e . ,- v.'.i.
' Farmers are to make a drive on con
gress. - Given the same success farmers
have in their gopher drives, congress had
better look a little out. - s
MORE OR LESS PERSONAL
Random Observations About Town
Mr. and Mrs. Leon E. Ren ne lis of Eu
gene are guests at' the Seward. "Just
say I , am here on business," said . Mr.
Rennells. "I don't want everybody to
know I am here on my honeymoon. Till
a "week" ago my wife - was Miss Alta
Gentry of Grants Pass. : I find business
conditions from Eugene to Klamath Falls
improving on account of farm - credits
easing up. I sell farm machinery, so I
am In position to know. While In Klam
ath Falls recently, about all I heard
from the farmers was praise for Captain
Siemens, the banker. . He held lots of
the notes of farmers and stockgrowers.
They could Hot sell their livestock and
hay, so they could not take up their
notes. He called them together and said.
"If -I enforce collection a. lot of you will
go to the wall and lose your places. I
will close my bank till you can dispose of
your stock and take up your notes : then
I will open again.' He did so and, now
that he has reopened, you couldn't drive
his depositors away."
Dean Abrahams, from the cheese me
tropolis -of the Pacific coast, is at the
Imperial - and : reports the farmers of
Tillamook -well pleased with conditions
there. . .
e . .
Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Shepard, whose
home ls . at McMinnvtlle, .are Portland
visitors and are registered at the Oregon.
; ' .,4 . v.,
William Brown, from the Inland sea
port of Reedsport, is registered at the
Oregon. : - ..
' - e '
Mr. and Mrs. George T. Michaelson of
Bend are guests at the Hotel Imperial.
- - - . . - r . . ..
F. B. Holbrook of Goble ls registered
at the- Imperial.
- e e
H. M. Kershaw of Willamlna . is at
the Imperial. , . , .
. , . . e e . V - ,i.
. T. B. Desch of La Grande ls registered
at the Imperial.
. . - . t
CL a Oliver of Hood River is a Port
land visitor. -
. . - e
L. H. Ziegler of Lexington. Morrow
county. Is a guest at the Imperial.
Dr. J. W. Kerr, president of O. A. C,
is a guest at the Imperial. ,
; L. E. Bolt of, Pendleton is transacting
business In the city. .
,- - e e . .
F. H. Haradan Is In town from As
toria, registered at the Hotel Benson.
Carl Crow, registering from Shanghai,
China, is at the Benson.
" Grant Hale is In the city from Albany.
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
f Choice extract from hia private correspon
dence. Mr. Lorkler aharea with Journal reader
today. lieroiniscmt of the World war are two
of these. Another will be enjoyed by thoee
who are fond of the study of gem patticularly
tM opali v - - , .
If I were a collector of postage stamps
I could make a good slxed collection of
stamps from all over the world, from
the letters written me by friends I made
while overseas, many of whom are how-
wandering, to the far corners of the
world. In yesterday's mail I received
a letter from Colonel G. E. R Overton
of - the British army, whose address is
Frimstone, Liphook, Hants, England. I
was his guest at dinner at Winchester.
In his letter he says:
"I often think of the pleasant times
I spent with my American friends at
Winchester. I am not a very good cor
respondent, although I send occasional
messages to - some of my American
friends. I... often hear from Colonel
Jones, who was In charge of the camp
at Winchester. The world is going
through, a rough time just now.. Our
latest plan is to help the devastated
villages of France. Many towns and
districts in England t have formed com
mittees to help some particular devas
tated town or : village . In - France by
sending - clothing or other articles to
help tbem make a new start. My wife
and I have been living very quietly on
our place in the country since the war.
Remember me, if you will, please, to
any Winchester friends you may chance
to meet." .
-"-' -: .'- ,. e
Percy Marks is a most likable Aus
tralian. His address Is. No. 5 Hunter
street. Sydney.. N.. S.. W. ..' I received a
letter from him recently. He Is an old-
time gem miner. - He writes most inter
estingly about his experiences in mining
for the rare and beautiful Australian
black opaL This type of opal is found
in a small area in New South Wales
near the Queensland border. The dis
trict where the f ipest gems are found
Is known as Lightning Ridge. This dis
trict ; is about 600 miles from Sydney
and the nearest base of supplies for the
opal hunters is at Collarendabrl or at
Walgett. This field was discovered in
1907. The opal is found at a depth of
S to 50 feet. The locating of an-opal
bed is almost entirely a matter of luck.
The only guide toward getting a good
place . is in noticing the : presence of
potch" on the surface of the ground.
This potch Is k soft black or brown
opalised substance . without commercial
value. The opal usually occurs in seams
of very hard rock . or in ,eode-like
nodules. When this." district was first
opened the miners usually sold their
black opals in the rough at so much
an ounce. . Later they had them faced
or even shaped and polished and If it
haDDened to be an unblemished speci
men of some sise they made a killing.
NEWS IN BRIEF
If you knew yourself as well as you do
your neighbor you might not think any
more of yourself than you do of him.
Corvailia Gasette-Times. i
. - r -
Portland Is hot on the trail of the high
school fraternities; the Portland board
must have decided to take over the
management of the school system. Pen
dleton East Oregonian. .. . ; : .
Since he has successfully run a news
paper, the confidence with which; Presi
dent Harding has attacked his job of
running the government is perhaps not
unjustifiable. Weston Leader.
The construction of a tourist hotel at
Crater Lake, like the building of a rail
road to the Blue Ledge, hinges on keep
ing the lead pencils sharn and the throat
clear. Medford Mail-Tribune. .
What are we going to do about the
slaughter of American citizens In Mex
ico? Some of the editors who know Just
what Wilson should have done ought to
prompt Harding at onee Eugene Guard.
Professor Welaman Says that 45.000
acres of land are available in Palestine
for Jews who wish to buy it Professor
Weizman will have to offer something
besides. - sentiment, however, to get
American Jews of normal intelligence
to go back to PalesUne. Corvailia GtL-zette-Times.
The Corvall is Gazette Times Is install
ing a semi-rotary press which will de
liver papers at the rate of 8500 to 4000
an hour. That's a handy little machine
to have around at press time, but what
will it be' good for during the other 23
hours and 69 minutes of the day? Cot
tage Grove Sentinel.
Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Weaver, proprie
tors of the Hotel Umpqua, are guests at
the Hotel Portland. "The roads between
Roseburg and Portland are in excellent
condition." said' Mr. Weaver. "It la about
J60 miles from Roseburg to Salerrt and we
made it in five and a half hours and
then came, on into Portland in-a little
over two : hours. . From Roseburg to
Portland in less than eight hours ls good
evidence that the roads are In . good
shape. We met lots of autos. Tourists
are coming up from California, While a
good many are headed southward. Last
r nudjr nigm we nan hi Dig -cars arawn
up in front of the Hotel Umpqua. whose
passengers stayed overnight. -- From Port
land to Roseburg is a little over 200
miles. A good -many PorUand tourists
plan 1 to make -Roseburg the stopover
point on their way south." - f , -.
- .- '. ' . ; - " '. ' '--'"'
A. J.,Burley is here from Sheridan, the
town named for and made famous by the
dashing cavalry officer whot when lieu
tenant, was quartered at the Indian
e, e , e
': Mr. and Mrs. , J, M." Reed of Turner,
in Marion county, are registered at . the
Imperial.-; - , -- :--
-' - - -- - :-i -
H. T. McGrath. who calls Kings Valley
his home, Is transacUng business in
PorUand. : ,
, e a , -. .
D. R. Brownell of Umatilla Is at the
Imperial. 1 ' - 1
.... . - - 1 - . .
T. C. Nye of Pendleton ls a guest at
the Oregon. '
F. B. Stanley, hailing from Bend, is a
. e .
W. M. Smith of Astoria Is a guest at
the Hotel Oregon.
R.- B. Wanless, from' the University
City, is a Portland visitor.
A. L. Barnett of The Dalles is a' guest
at the Multnomah.
--e.....: , -':-U.--' :
M. H. BuUer and B. Butler of Corval
lis are at the Multnomah. , '
. .. . ' -; . .
F.. T.' Petty ls down from, the Capital
City for a brief visit in the metropolis.
The Misses C. and L. Taylor of Cor
vallis are guests at the Hotel PorUand,
Delbert Starr of Brownsville ; is a
guest at the Hotel Seward.
E. B. Adams of Hood River ls a Port
E. P. Foils of Hood River is at the
but often an ; apparently fine specimen
would develop Into a stone with -sand
shots or other blemishes and prove
unsalable. Flawless black opals of good
size are not only rare but are becoming
increasingly Valuable. ' The black opal
is a rare form of . hydra ted silica in a
porodine condition. The wonderful
luster is caused by its having expert
enced unequal contractions in varying
directions - and, being amorphous,- its
polarization is similar , to that of a
doubly refracting body. The , unique
beauty of the black opal comes from
the fact that the prismatic colors ; with
afi their scintillating glory occur ; in a
background of sombre bue, so that you
get the effects of . the' flashing of the
Northern lights against a velvet blue
black sky. The real black opal varies
from Nile green to Crater Lake . blue,
with all the varying shades between,
and In .its heart are flame-like flashes
of hidden fire. There Is a fascination
about a black opal hard to describe.
Someone speaks of them as "ablaze with
flashes of liquid flames that change to
sapphire blue' or merge into , molten
green- of the racing wave as It breaks
on the shore." They are agleam and
a-qulver with points of glowing crimson
that even- as you look change to golden
fire. They burn and twinkle like stars
on a frosty night or glow with a lam
bent glory like the stars of the Southern
Cross. Experts will show you harlequin
black opal, royal blue,, golden flash
black pmfire, redblack harlequin or plaid
and crimson - black fire opal, and many
other varieties, but to me they are all
bits of 'ever-glowing, ever-changing color
that fascinate with their glorious riot of
rainbow : colors mixed with sunshine,
starlight and living fire. ..
- r -
Recently I received a letter from my
long-time friend, Wallis Nash of Nash
vflle. For many years - Mr. Nash was
an editorial writer of The Oregon Jour
nal. He has recently written a book
of reminiscences which is as fascinating
as a novel. In his letter to me he says:
"A paragraph in the introductory
epistle to Sir Walter Scott's 'Monastery
that I came across today- made me
think of you. Possibly you may care
to reprint it. ' Here It isr The man
in the Iron gray suit could tell the very
year in which the family of De Haga
first settled ; on their ancient barony.
The faittily of De Haga modernized
Into Ha'g of Bemersidj Is of the high
est antiquity and Is the subject of one
of : the ' prophecies of Thomas - the
Rhymer : ' . .
, 'Betide, betide: whate'er betide.
Hais ahall be tUig of Bemenide.'
"So slips into ancient history the field
marshal. commander-in-chief of the
British armies la the great war. Mel
rose Abbey, the near neighbor of Ab
botsford, stood on one corner of the
lands of Haig of BemersldeV
"The Oregon Country
Northwest Happening In Brief Form for the
. Jiuay Header -.v
OREGON NOTES ,4
For the first time In 14 years Albany
college will turn out a baseball team
Reduced rates on lumber and thinrles
from the Pacific Northwest to Eastern
markets will be effective March 31.
At an suction sale in Klamath Falls,
Seaforth Queen 3d, a 4-year-old roan
cow owned by S. T. liernpe, brougnt
675. . .., .
' The Lewis Malone Logging company,
on the Lewis & Clark river south of
Astoria,, will start active operations
early in April. ,
The Malheur county farm bureau has
fixed the wagen of farm laborers for
the coming season at 20 cents an hour,
room and board, . ,;
Daniel Lane, living eight miles north
of La Grande, was burned to death, in
his home when flames comuletely de-
voured his residence.
Lynn Sklllington. 18, messenger hoy
for the Western Union, was struck by
an automobile In Klamath Falls and sus
tained a fractured skull.
The Union Oil company of California
sold in Oregon during February gaHoline
and distillate upon which it paid to the
state taxes amounting to 13814 33.
The Gold Hill cement plant, which
suspended operations last December, has
resumed with a crew of 110 men. The
output of the plant is 1200 barrels daily.
The general board of education o the -Presbyterian
church has offered to give
1100.000 to the endowment fund of Al
bany college provided the college raises
Daniel Boyd of Enterprise was pre
sented last Saturday to President
Harding by Senator McNary, who urgel
Boyd's appointment as minister to
' The Oregon Alpha association of,.
Sigma Alpha Kpsilon has bought a tract
of land and will erect this summer one
of the most pretentious fraternity homes
At a meeting of the board of directors
of the First National bank and the Flrnt
Savings bank of Albany, Ralph Mc
Kechnie was elected cashier of the two
.-Another drop of $3 a thousand In the
price of common lumber was announced
this week in Vale, making the total re
duction about 60 per cent below last
W.- Thompson, 54, in Jumping from a
truck at Vancouver, fell under the
wheels and sustained two broken legs.
! Six tanks for Comnany L, Washington
National Tank corps, have ben bhipped
to the Centralia company from New
. It Is estimated that 35 to 40 per cent
of. the 19:20 crop is still in the hands
of the wheat growers of the Palouse
Four hundred acres1 of- orchard be
longing to the Yakima Orchard com
pany are to be cultivated this year by
use of dynamite. -.
Louis Primorsch, a seller of moon
shine whiskey, confessed to federal
authorities at Taooma that his profits
last year were $15,000.
George Kuhn suffered a fractured erm
and two broken ribs when the bridge
on Seventh street In Pomeroy went
down under a caterpillar he was driving.
The I. S. Pue home at Ahtanum was
destroyed by fire last week, causing a
loss ; of $13,000. The mother of Mrs.
Pue narrowly escaped being burned to
- Governor Hart ' has signed the bill
passed by the recent legislature placing
automobile bus transportation under
regulatory authority of the director of
Sixty-three inmates of the Washington
state reformatory at Monroe were par
doned by the board of control at its
last meeting before going out of exist
ence, under the new civil administrative
Charles Edmonds, under arrest at
Seattle, has confessed that he had been
involved in the burglary of 22 (Seattle
homes, covering a period of six monthn,
and had taken loot estimated to be
worth $5000 ;
Three boys playing in a park in
Seattle stumbled onto a girl lying un
conscious and drenched under an um
brella. An empty bottle that had
contained nelson was lying beside her.
The girl was Anna Park, aged 19.
'Heirs of John D. and Mrs, Sherwood,
the wealthy Spokane couple who were
killed in an automobile accident in
California, have just paid at Olympia
the inheritance tax on their eHtates.
That of John V. Sherwood amounts to
$49,450.92 and of Mrs. Sherwood $27,-.
Federal pay for two troops of Idaho
cavalry has been received at Home. The
amount is $2571.93.
The Oregon Short Line railroad has
reduced the rate 011 peas and beans
from Knull. Idaho, from 83 ',4 to 63 tents
per hundred pounds. ,
The alfalfa meal mill at tSmrne't.
which was destroyed by fire a week
ago, will be rebuilt immediately. .The
plant was valued at $25,000.
There is now stored In the Jackson
lake reservoir near Burley 311,020 acre
feet of water aa sgalnst a total of
140.840 acre feet at the same date last
Hi People's Highline ritch company
at Blackfoot has gone Into the hands
of a receiver because of an indebtedness
of $90,000 which has been accumulating
for several years.
- William Hess. 30, of Burley entered
the room where his three c hildren were '
sleeping last Friday night, fired a bullet
into his head and died Instantly. The
children were not harmed. ,
Governor Davis left Boise Saturday
for Washington.? where he will assist
congressional members from the West
in drafting the. reclamation legislation
to be presented to the special session
of congress. .
' The Portland Realty board's name
Indicates its purpose. It is an asso
ciation of real estate men. - It was
organized In February, 190$.
It has . at the present time 435
members, of whom 260 are active
members and , 175 affiliate members.
The latter class includes large own
ers of property not directly In the
business of buying and selling, real
property but whose interest is usu
ally due to the fact that their build,
ings and lands are bought and sold
by authorized agents.
The president of the Realty board
is Coe A. McKenna. Frank McCrlllls
is first vice-president; A. R. Ritter
of Ritter, Lowe & Co., second vicc'
president; A. G. Teepe, third vice
president ; B. Lee Paget, treasurer,
and Paul -A. Cowgilt, secretary.
The executive committee members
are Rodney Glisan, attorney ; Alfred
A. Aya, manager of the Peninsula
Industrial company: A. R, Johnson
of Johiwon-Doddon company ; Walter
Gill of A. II. Birrell-GllI company;
Frank McCrillls, financial agent;
Walter M. Daly, Title & Trust com
pany.. The Realty board has done much
to give dignity, confidence and sta
bility to the real estate business in
Portland. It frowns upon exaggera
tion, misrepresentation and fraud.
Its members believe that real estate
transactions on a business basis, gov
erned by - real values, are belter
speculative enterprise. It is an ef
fective contributor to the success of
many 'civic enterprises.
" A member of the Portland Realty
board. - Fred E. Taylor, is president
of the National Association of Ural