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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1920)
.THIS VQKKCjQN - DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND, OREUUN
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1921.
CHANGE IN TENURE
LAW IS PROPOSED
BY SCHOOL BOARD
Draft of a bill for the amendment
.of the present teachers' tenure law
no aa to abolish the present conv
mission by V Director Frank Shull
was adopted by the school board
Thursday afternoon with but one
modification.. Director W. F. Wood
ward opposed, the bilK y
The amended bill provides that teach
ers employed for not less than two suc
cessive annual terms shall, if employed
thereafter by the board, be placed upon
an indefinite contract and shall not be
subject to annual appointment; Teachers
may be dismissed at the end of a school
year after due notification by superin
tendent or principal by March 1 that
their work is unsatisfactory, followed by
failure to Improve by .April 1.
BOARD RULING FINAL
A dismissed teacher will be allowed a
hearing before the board, which shall be
final. An affirmative vote of four' mem-,
bers of the board will be necessary to
dismiss a teacher. The board is also
griven authority to summarily suspend a
teacher . case of gross dereliction of
duty or miscohduct, and to transfer a
teacher from one position to another.
Clerk Thomas was instructed to have
printed 2000 copies of the bill for distri
bution before its presentment In the com
The only change made In Shull's draft
was the requirement of four board mem
bers Instead of a majority to dismiss a
. teacher. ,
Woodward, in opposing the bill, said he
. did not feel there was sufficient need at
present for the change that he did nbt
believe there were teachers in the schools
at present who were being retained sim
ply because of the difficulty of discharg
GROUT GITES VIEW
Superintendent Grout reiterated a for
mer statement made before the board
that under the present tenure It Is better
. to suffer with Inefficient teachers than
to, go 'through a publicity campaign
necessary to effect their discharge.'
Director Newlll terms It a piece of
"vicious legislation," and referred to the
recent survey and report of the National
prion accepted the amendment after
4 the one modification was made.
' Tuition charges for out-of-town pupils
were raised aa follows: High schools,
'from $80 to $110; elementary. $4S to $75;
Benson Polytechnic, $135 to $150.
The board' rescinded" its former action
relative to paying expenses of an East
ern represenatlve to investigate and re
organize, if necessary, the Teachers' Re
tirement Fund association,, upon an
nouncement by the association that it
'wished to sever its copartnership with
the hoard. The association will itself
pay the expenses of an investigator, but
objects to reorganization. Under the law
3 per cent of the county school fund goes
into the association, -amounting to from
$17,000 to $18,000 a year. -
TO CONDEMN SITE
Condemnation proceeding's will be in
stituted against Roderick K. Smith for
1 4 acres east of and adjoining the Hud
son school, for which the. board offered
$1125 and was refused.
The board voted to offer the assessed
valuation, plus 60 per cent, for the eight
remaining lots on the Fernwood school
block, and If refused to start' condemna
tion proceedings. Similar action will be
taken in regard to the Ben Riesland
property adjoining the Mount Tabor
school. - .
A communication from the- Child Wel
fare commission, signed by William D.
Wheelwright, chairman, asked that more
-ungraded rooms be supplied In the
schools for retarded children, that all
subnormals be excluded from thai regu
lar schools and be placed at Etna, and
that a psychological and physiological
test be made of every child early In its
school experience. The matter' was re
ferred to Grout.
(Continued From Pic Ont)
. as to produce goods for export around
the world so that her own revenue from
taxes will Increase and so that interna
tional exchange will tend to become
equalized. Great Britain and France,
who owe America large sums of money
and who have not been able to pay ln
, terost to the United States, are laying
. aside huge sums of money for military
and naval defense, although there Is
faith in the ulUmate ability .of the
, League of Nations to prevent war. Euro
pean countries' will not limit their arma
ments, until all nations. Including the
United States, enter into the .agreement.
The unwillingness of the United-States
to enter the League of Nations and the
controversy about it in th United
States has for the moment prevented an
" understanding about disarmament, but
ALL THE WORLD POOR
Irrespective of whether President-elect
Harding decides that he wants America
to join the League of Nations, he has
pledged himself to work for disarma
ment. The League of Nations haa a
special commission at work on the ques
tion of disarmament, but it is doubtful
whether the roovemer will get mucfj
momentum until President-elect Harding
throws the moral force of America be
hind it . ,
FOCB BILLION IS NEEDED
Practically 'every tax expert in Wash
ington can work out a formula whereby
taxes could be reduced . and. Liberty
bonds restored to par if the entire world
agreed not to build any extensive arma
ments but simply to maintain sufficient
for national defense. Secretary Houston
estimated, for Instance, that the Amer
ican government would need $4,000,000.
000 in revenue during the coming yeark
There is a good deal of talk about ex
travagance in government, but when
that $4,000,000,000 estimate is analyzed
his figures are likely to be considered
conservative. Of the $4,000,000,000 at
least 11,000,000,000 must be set aside to
pay the American people the interest on
the Liberty bonds theV hold. Another
$1,000,000,000 will have been spent on
guarantees to . the railroads and other
assistance provided for by the Republi
can congress during the last session in
order to help the railroads out of the
plight they were In when taken over by
the government Jiuring the war. This
leaves $2,000,000,(00 for other purposes.
Pension, war rik Insurance,- mainte
nance of the military and naval estab
lishment and other expenditures grow
ing out of . the war, together with the
$1,000,000,000 that it used to cost to run
the American government before 1914,
consumes the remaining $2,000,000,000.
Moreover, the high coat of commodities
which the government Itself must buy
would, ordinarily have Increased the
government budget beyond the single
billion -even If there were no expenses
Incident to the war. The impression is
that there will be much pruning of ex
penditures during the coming year, but
that It cannot affect the main items
like the sums guaranteed to the rail
roads, the amounts to be spent for the
soldiers and sailors and the $1,000,000,000
that must be paid in interest to Liberty
bond holders. It is the general feeling,
too, that the government will be doing
well if it can cut its expenditures to
$4,000,000,000 and raise that amount of
revenue. Nobody knows Just what the
loss will be on the revenue from excess
profits taxes. The slump In business
will mean considerable reduction in rev
enue. The prospect is that there will be
an insistence on a cut In army and navy
appropriations and things incident to
war making. Should Europe be able to
do the came thing the outlook for lower
taxes, according to officials here, would
be bright indeed.
OIJ WORLD SJOCRECY' SEEMS
DOOMED AT LEAGUE SESSION
By A. E. Johnson
(United News Staff Correspondent)
Geneva, Nov. 19. Beneath the sur
face of the seemingly dispassionate con
ference and debate that haa marked the
reaj formation of the League of Nations
at Geneva, there is still running a vio
lent current of old world, suspicion and
bitterness. There- is, in spite of the
auspicious opening -of the assembly, in
spite of all these speeches promising a
new era ; in .diplomacy, a clash of opin
ion, an attempt at fostering old- world
methods.: a last stand by advocates of
secrecy and closed door statesmanship
against the open covenant principle es
poused by the new world.
To the onlookers 'it appears that the
old world methods 'are doomed. The new
principle was demonstrated with light
ning like suddenness in Thursday's ses
sion, with Japan leading the forces of
FRANCE LEADS TILT
Prance, clinging to the ancient method
throughout a week " of preliminary par-
leying. has Jed the fight to maintain
control of the league in the hands of the
big Wee tern European -powers. The first
important clash came with the creation
of the league's . "steering , committee,"
that powerful organization composed of
13 of the most powerful delegates la the
For two days there have been secret
intrigues, secret trades, secret deals by
which places on this important body
were to be apportioned according to .the
wishes of old time statesmen. But while
these private exchanges were going on
the Japanese delegation were strangely
The reason became known Thursday
afternoon when the assembly convened
to take up the matter of elections to
the "steering committee." It was then
that Hayashi of Japan arose, and, speak
ing in English, frankly declared to the
amazed assembly that Japan- desired one
of the Vice presidencies and a seat on
the bis' committee. He asked the as
sembly,: therefore, to vote for Viscount
'. A shocked silence greeted his words
for a moment It was a breach in the
traditional methods, but when the ballots
were counted, the new idea triumphed
Ishii was elected by the highest number
of votes cast for any candidate.
The Latin nations and Europe have
won control of the vice presidencies.
This bloc worked perfectly from begin
ning of the session continuously to win
over Quinones de Leon of Spain, and
through his efforts the Latins have suc
ceeded In carrying six vice presidencies
and four vice chairmanships Of commis
sions. With the mother country Spain,
de Leon had lined up all the Spanish
speaking nations of Central and South
Eight of the 12 places on the organiza-
Last Times Today
WILLIAM S. HART in
"The Cradle of Courage"
'The Branded Woman"
And the World' Greatest
3 4,5 9 2 PAID
Washington, Not. 19 (WASH
INGTON BUREAU OF THE
JOURNAL) Income tax statis
tics for 1918, made public by the
internal revenue bureau, show
that 34,592 persons paid federal
tax in Oregon, compared with
25,000 in 1917 and 2800 in 1916.
Oregon citizens paid on net in
comes aggregating over. $11 1,000,
000, registering an Increase of
83 per cent over a the previous
year. , Oregon ranked 'twenty
eighth among the states as fed
Hon committee, which is composed of
the president of the assembly and 12
vice presidents-have been captured by
They are, in addition to President Hy
mans, Balfour of Great Britain, Tittoni
of Italy, Bourgeois of France, de Leon
of Spain, Branting of Sweden, Karnebeek
of Holland and Benes of Czecho-Slo-vakia.
: The non-Europeans are Huneua
of Chile, Ishii of Japan, Koster, Canada;
Puerrydon, Argentine, and Octavio, Bra
ill. Octavio was elected on the second
Lord Robert Cecil has won a complete
victory over former Premier Viviani of
France In the fight to throw the as
sembly doors. Its books, its reports and
its minutes open to the scrutiny of the
world. r ,
Announcement of complete adoption of
this policy was made first Thursday by
Hjalmar Branting of Sweden, who an
nounced that all sessions of his commis
sion would be open to the press, with
no attempt to censor reports of action
or debate within the committee room.
DO IT, IS QUESTION
(Continued From Paee One)
Palmer' Is seen putting on her coat and
shaking hands with Mrs. Drew, indi
cating that she is going home.
Scene 4 A room 'in the Palmer man
sion. Mrs. Palmer Is seen taking off her
coat, indicating that she has just got
home. There is another sound without.
Mrs. Palmer starts. The three men who
look like gentlemen and wear mustaches
start after her. She trips on the stairs
and falls, indicating that French heels
are more ornamental than practical.
The leader of the- three gentlemen with
mustaches bends above her head in
stead Of bending a piece of lead pipe
over It, Indicating that be is really a
gentleman at heart.
GETS BUST WITH ATOMIZER
(Spoken title). The leader of the three
"Is madame injured?
Mrs. Palmer says "Oul, out," indicat
ing that she realises the man is French.
The man who is French carries Mrs.
Palmer upstairs, indicating that the
people who own the rights to "Sapho"
are entitled to sue for plagiarism.
Scene 5 Mrs, Palmer's bathroom. The
Frenchman carries her inland ties her.
in a chair. He rubs her sprained ankles
with a French accent. He asks her if
there is anything else he can do , to
make her comfortable. Mrs. Palmer
admits that she has a sore throat and
the gallant Frenchman sprays It with
Scene ,6 The same bathroom some
hours later. The Frenchman sprays
Mrs. Palmer's throat with grace and
facility, indicating that-he has done this
several times during 'the night and is
getting used to it. He tears a diamond
necklace from her throat. It is a touch
Scene 7 The same bathroom a few
minutes later. One of the gentlemen
enters and suggests to the gallant
Frenchman that they kill Mrs. Paimer.
Kie gallant Frenchman refuses, indicat
g that he once had a mother, and that
Ever get 300 on
your savings ?
i . .
Save $1 a week, bring it
to Sales Manager, 203 Gas
cq Bldg. and he wifl add 3
for 1, so that in 6 weeks
you will have to your cred
it 6 plus 18 equals 24 dollars
to apply on the Gas Co.'s
jit will be delivered be
fore Christmas and noth
ing more due this year, the
. in January, 1921.
I The idea:
is to give the person of
moderate means a chance
to enjoy the comforts of
to encourage thrift,
to encourage buying your
loved ones a useful Christ
mas present, instead of
wasting your hard-earned
money on flubdubs.
DID SCENARIO WRITER
on that account he will never kill a
woman whose throat he has sprayed.
comes iir oir spike
Scene 8 The same bathroom a few
seconds later. The gallant Frenchman
takes Mrs. Palmer's watch from bis
pocket and looks at it. .He says that it
is time to go and see bow much tie can
get for it He makes a sweeping bow,
Indicating that he was well brought up
and knows how to conduct himself in
high society. -
' Soene 9 The same bathroom some
time later.- The Filipino butler wriggles
In on his spine, indicating that it Is hard
for a Filipino butler to !' move " about
freely when his hands and feet are tied.
Mrs. Palmer unties them and he unties,
indicating that they both want td get
Scene 10 Mrs. Palmer's house. She is
telephoning the police. There is a hope
ful look on her face, Indicating that she
has not previously had any experience
with the police.
Scene 11 The police arrived. . .
Scene 12 The police depart.
Scene 13 The police are baffled.
' Scene 14 The police are still baffled.
Scene 15. The city room of a news
paper office. A group of reporters.
They are discussing the details of the
robbery and laughing. They laugh and
Scene 16 The same. They are still
laughing. They always will be when
they discuss the details of the particu
Scene 17. .Police station. Police are
baffled. They always will be. Police
are seen baffled and reporters are seen
laughing, at the end of the picture. The
picture can end any time after police
begin being baffled and the reporters
start laughing. If another ending is de
sired, a city editor can be shown won
dering if, by any chance, Mrs. Palmer,
who was once on the stage. Intends going
back to. professional life by way of
That is the scenario. It seems to have
happened in real Life. More than $400,-
000 worth of jewels and furs are reported
to have been stolen. A navy officer of
high rank is being, questioned by the
police. Broadway "lounge lizards" are
under suspicion. Mrs. Palmer was fond
of dancing and knew a lot of people. It
would seem that most of the people she
knew are under suspicion. The' police
Donnelly X. P. President
Charles Donnelly, executive vice pres
ident of the Northern Pacific Railway
company, becomes president of the
Northern Pacific system today, succeed
ing J. M. Hannaford, who is retiring on
age. Hannaford, who is 70 years of
age today, has been in railroad service
for 54 years and has spent 45 years or
that time with the N. P.
There Is only one Flor de Baltimore.
Be sure to ask for it- just that way and
get smoke satisfaction. It bears the
union label, too. Adv.
Terns of Ex
la Fall Foree
(( 1 u
HAUL OF $1 665
Martin Peakarek, 683 Insley ave
nue, discovered this morning that
bis home had been robbed, appar
ently November 10, and $1165 . in
cash, and five $100 Liberty bonds
had been stolen. After the lots was
discovered, Peakarek learned from
neighbors that two men ; had been
seen entering the home nine days
agfj. He reported to the police" this
Perfume, cigars and candy, comprised
the loot taken from a drug store oper
ated by Ed Mungers at 335 North
Seventeenth street Entrance was
gained by breaking the glass in a rear
window. The loss totaled $25 in mer
Perhaps it was the proverbial goat
that ate the clothing from the back
yard clothes line of Mrs. Iva Johnson.
6020 Eighty-third street southeast.
Thursday night Anyway the family
wash Is missing this morning.
When burglars found the cash regis
ter was empty, they simply appropri
ated the cash register itself, as well as
a quantity of clothing found in a store
operated by Mike Pasallch, 228 Couch
street The cash register was later re
covered at a second-hand store.
Mrs. W. IL Knoll, 235 Eleventh street,
left .her apartment for five minutes
Thursday. When she returned her purse
containing SIS had been stolen.
YEON IS URGED TO
TAKE ROAD BILLET
(Confirmed Prom Pace On)
five. The argument advanced for this
is .that the state road work is so ex
tensive that it is Impossible for a small
commission 'to give it proper considera
tion, from a lack of knowledge of local
conditions. It is suggested that by in
creasing the number more sections of
with universal acceptance. It Is urged
against it that it would introduce sec
tional divisions in the commission and
lead to log rolling, which would result
in decentralizing the work and making
it impossible to first build up a main
Another sentiment is in favor of mak
ing the commissien smaller than three
This is the one and ONLY reason for the first sale in our history during a period
of more than thirty year$. .:.
Prices Cut Right and Left
to make this a most rerriarkable jewelry sale our entire stock is included with the
exception of a limited amount of contract merchandise.
DO ALL YOtfR CHRISTMAS JEWELRY SHOPPING NOW
A Few Contract Goods Excepted.
ELGIN, WALTHAM and other well-known
makes. All standard makes we carry no
others. The chance of ;a lifetime to get
watches of known excellence at less than
regular prices. V
Latest Patters in Small SUM.
IS5.00 Elgin Bracelet Wateh now 520i00
tiiJt Eigin"Bceie1t"wa.Wi bow 8i00
SPECIAL. . . '
Cashlon-shape Bracelet Watch of 14k green
gold engraved, 16-Jewel. 8 Llgne high
grade moTemeat. A $79.90 yaloe, (CC QQ
. year eased Bracelet Wateh wmrexten
slon or ribbon bracelet, 16-Jewel ftOfl OC
movement, 2 valse, now AUiUU
MAS'S WALTHAM. '
14k Hasting ease, extra heavy, fl
diamond 15-Jswel Waltham ovnl 7C
meat, 1S valne, now eJUi! O
THMT ELGIN, GTJARASTEEn.
li-iewel Elgin in SO-year case, nfl
5! is .lie, 995 value, reduced to tUiUU
7-Jewel tfcln model, No. U ' J ? J"
SO-year gnaranteed ease, 117.50 ( 1 ()
valne, new.-,..... -l,rt"'
DIAMOND RINGS FOR MEN
sue valae. Steel Blue Diamond, an abso
lutely perfect gem. Seduced J280.00
1400 " Ring, 'white' gold basket 'setting, with
perfect 69-100 stone. Redaeed 320 00
91225 Green Gold Ring, perfect 1.4 et. Bine.
White Gem In platinum setting. tQfifl HO
even, approaching to "a single-beaded
Authority. :---.' fc' "-;: - -
Some talk is also heard of a paid com
mission bu this meets with strong ppo
alon on the ground that the commission
would soon become a political machine.
HATJSER DECJUNES TO 1
t v ACCEPT APPOINTMENT
Salem. Nov. 19. Refusal of Eric V.
Hauser .of Portland to' accept a position
on the state highway . commission, to
which he was appointed by Governor
Ofcott Wednesday -.afternoon following
the resignations of Simon Benson, was
made public ,by the executive office
Thursday. In his telegram, which was
sent from St Paul. Minn., Hauser says:
"Owing to my frequent and possibly
the state would be represented.
The suggestion, though, does not meet
almost continuous' absences from the
state during certain periods of the en
suing year I sincerely regret that it
would be inexpedient for me to accept
appointment on state highway commis
sion. "Oregon owes Simon Benson a heavy
debt of gratitude for the invaluable
services which he has rendered," - de
clared Governor Olcott Thursday, in
commenting on Benson's resignation
from the state highway commission, of
which he has been chairman since - Its
creation in 1917. "He is one of our
greatest and best citizens and aa Ore
gonians know, his services to the state
have by no means been confined to what
he has done, in the way of highway de
velopment But his efforts along that
line alone will make him forever remem
bered by the people of the state. He has
been in a large measure one of the fore
most pioneers In the movement to pull
Oregon out of the mud. His own money,
his time, his services, all have been at
the command or the people of the state
in this enormous undertaking and he has
given of them unstintedly. Mr. Benson
has reared for himself In the hearts of
the people of the state an enduring mon
ument and every man, woman and child
in the state has a just appreciation of
his splendid services so freely given. "
IS HIT THE HARDEST
(Continued From Pace One)
Steel Corporation has decided not to in
crease prices, although cost of manu
facturing has increased. Judge E, : H.
Gary, chairman of the corporation, an
nounced today. (
In a formal statement, Gary declared
since the base selling prices of iron and
steel commodities were fixed by repre
sentatives of the steel industry and the
government in March, 1919, the produc
tion costs had increased and that "under
usual circumstances we would be Jus
We Must Vacate! N
Finest Diamonds High-Grade' Watches
Cut Glass Seth Thomas Clocks
Pyralin Ivory Waterbury Clocks
Prices Deeply Cut
Discounting regular selling prices and including
5 war tax makes your savings amount to vir
tually 25. Frequently this means less than
today's wholesale prices at which we could re
place the Diamonds that go in this sale.
Extended Term Can Be Arranged Just the Same
Our Special Widely
Known $100 Diamond
Known $50 Diamond
91200 All-Platlnnm Ring la latest style. An absolutely
perfect Blne-YYaite Diamond, & et, Redaeed JfjgQ QQ
91700 Ring, 2.16 et. Perfect Pure Whit Diamond, set la
platinum top on green geld mounting. A I QOfl flfl
rarely beanUfal ring reduced to wluDU.UU
tified in making additions to the aver
age base prices."
NEW YORK STOCKS SUFFER 1
' ANOTHER VIOLENT ATTACK
New York, Nov. 19. (L N. "S.)4.
Prices suffered another violent break
on the stock market today, losses rang
ing from two to nearly ten points.
Forced liquidation was generally as
signed aa the reason for the latest de
cline, on which many issues slumped
to the lowest figures touched this year.
Crucible Steel broke most violently,
falling 'to a new low for the year of
89 a loss of 10 points. Steel common
fell to 80H. the lowest price- IV has
touched this year. Other heavy suf
ferers were Baldwin Locomotive, whlch
fell six points; Southern Pacific, three
points ; Bethlehem - Steel "B," five
points; Industrial Alcohol, eight points.
CHICAGO GRAIN MARKET
IS ALSO ON TOBOGGAN
Chicago, Nov. 19. (U. P.) Grains
broke sharply on the Chicago Board of
Trade today on bearish Influences in. the
Sheffield Plated Hollowware
Plated Jewelry, Etc, Etc
20 Off All Our Silk Umbrellas
A choice collection of novelty handlea
chosen for this high-grade Jewelry store.
I8.fl SILK UMBRELLAS, roars J 7 QQ
910.00 SILK UMBRELLAS, yonrs J 8,QQ
915.00 'SILK UMBRELLAS,' yours $ jjj QQ
919.50 SILK tj MBBELLAS,' yours Jj j Q QQ
10 war tax must be added to all
umbrellas over $4.00.
Toilet Goods of Highest Grade
25 Off Catalogae Fries 'or Genuine Pr-ra-Mn
Ivory (Every Fleee Trade Marked)
Every woman who knows quality will
hasten to take - advantage of the -drastic
reductions on genuine Py-ra-lin.
951 TOILET and MAlUCCRIirG SET 9JS.S5
Bine tllk'llaed black leatherette ease. Com
plete ten -piece Toilet and M-anleur Set In
the beautiful Da Barry style. Re- COO OC
dneed from 951 to......... J00.ZJ
945 Barry Set. S33.75
919.00 TOILET SET 99.75
Plain, refined style, would make a rharm
Jng Christmas gift. Reduced from tQ 7 C
Vf 11.90 to ...I.
DC BARRT MIRRORSf
914.00 valne, good sice, charming JQ EjQ
90.00 Tains," an ei'traordVaary bar- gQ
Arrlred Junt is Time for this tfftfin
Sale, 9750.00 Platinum Watch OUU
All-platlnum' watch with 18-JeweI ad
Justed high-grade movement. Set with
eighteen cut diamonds and sixteen gen
uine sannhlres. Ribbon bracelet. A
auperb Christmas 'gift.
stock and cotton markets. Heavy selling
forced , December wheat down 1H cents
below a low opening, i March wheat and
corn futures were also off. A dull oats
market' Influenced by the weakness in
the other grains, caused a drop of S
cents. Provisions Were also lower.'
-': Best nogs at $12 -
Indianapolis, Nov. 19. I. N. a) Hog 4
prices reached the lowest level of the .
year. On the Indtanapolls market today.
Best hogs went at $12. but most of the
sales were at $11.75. Prices today closely
approached pre-war quotations.
k 1 .; ,
nogs Drop 85 Cents
Cleveland. Ohio, Nov. 19. (U. P.l -For
the first time since early in 1917 the
best grades of hogs, sold here today for
912.35. Hogs today opened 65 cents 'mmm
under yesterday's close. i
Sugar at Cents
New Tork, Nov. 19. tU. P.) The
Federal Refining company t today an
nounced the price of refined sugar haa
been reduced to 9 cents a pound.'
WIFE . . .
From "The Trorula- ,
tion of ,a Savage"
Terms of Ex
la Full Foree
- -- " - - if 1 1 r m- i
- -una A jjj-.rnji jliT '