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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1913)
THE cnCGOrJ SUNDAY JOURNAL. PORTLAND.'":; SUNDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 19. 1913.
' . . s '.. , : ... , .: . .... : .. . ,. . '
SKjrjf ' Y tr J-r a-tAaKuraat,.,,, . iwurM
By Dr. LEONARD K. DIRSIIBEEG.
A. B., I.L A., IL D. (Johns Hopkins) .
' - K'T'HID Eagle, madame, ' '" ' ' '
" ,Hath not bo green, so quick, ,
, . So fair an eye as Parfs hath," " . - .
BUT, you ear. this mar lie Terr fine poetry, but. it,
la not the truth, for where la there man or woman
I who really ever saw. a- green-orbed eagle? Indeed. :
there has never been any one to aver that 'eagles even '
hare a Jealous dlsposlUoiu v Most . birds of prey, like
most savages, have for the most part eyes of the dark- "
est hues.- Thla give their fierce natures an added '
ferocity. The evolutionists explain the predominance "
of the black and brown eyes by pointing to the fact ;
that the most rigorous savages and most powerful anl-'
mats have them, hence it is a question of the survival "
ci tne attest
Birds of Prey and the 8avaga Always Mad ;
Black or Brown Eyes.. In Civilization Such
Eyes Show 8avage Affinities,
the poetic metaphor of "sparkling, flashing;, or scintil
lating" eyes Is truly based upon observation. Not only
does Mr. Hudson describe "an owl of fiery, v flashing
appearance,'' but he has met men with these blazing
eyes. He eays: "Eyes certainly do Bhine in the dark
like those of owls, cat and night hawks." These fiery
eyes-are not always proof of anger in animals, but when
you meet any man at night with flashing eyes it is evi
dence of anger. . " - "
" Furthermore, this flaming appearance in the eyes is
due to a kind of livin bhosnborescence. Just as you
see the greenish glow from certain phosphorescent bao-
In a wild state of nature the blue eye is a handicap. I terla and other plants Light of such a sort arises from
It does not occur among the uncivilized human tribes
' and but seldom among the brute creation,' One savant V
' maintains that the degree of civilization and effeminacy .'.
present in any race Is directly proportional to the
! number of blue eyes present. s . ; un
surprising as it may seem, Mr, W. H. Huuson, a noted
English authority on the eye? of living animals, balds : ;
that "flashing eyes do actually occur. He says that -
the heat vibrations in the Jiving eye. Mr. Hudson is not
averse to giving credence to certain traditional narra
tives about flery-eyed dragons and other mamomth ani
mals. He believes that many poetlo exaggerations are
based upon a modicum' of historical truth.. v
Fiery eyes in the human race, he contends, would
necessarily decrease with civilization. As the causes
of savage madness, of fierce and angry battles, and the
( The Flashing or Phosphorescent Eye Really
Existed. Tlte Flying Lizards Had It; Man,
with. Rare Exceptions, Lost It with His Tall
need for conflict of purpose in the ;
search for meat and drink, grew less
and less as rugged nature gave way
to the modern machinery of gov'
ernment, peaceful men and women,
or even the standing armies that
make war no longer have need for.;
violent passions or hysterical out
bursts. - .
The result would 1 therefore be
what in fact it is, to wit, the steady
decrease in the number of phosphor
escent, luminous - or flaming eyes.
To-day it is only "the remote, , out
landish countries that give the scien
tist any great chance to study these .
fiery eyes. True enough, a street brawl,
now and then, or such an event as
the Rosenthal murder, offers a brute 1
with frenzied, alabastered face and
raging, blazing eyes as a surviving
example of such luminous eyes.
- . The Blue Eye 8hows Man at, His Highest
All Great Lawmakers Had Them. ' 6o Did the
Apollo. Bslvldere. ,
but such Instances, it must be admitted, are few and
far between. t
' Consider for a moment the various emotions to which
man la subject Think of the great number of races
there are with regard to the color of the skins. There
are dark skinned, red skinned, copper skinned, brown
skinned, black skinned, yellow skinned, white skinned,
blue skinned and many, others. The human races are
represented by as many colors of skin as there are hues
in the spectrum. Yet what sv paucity of eyes there, 1st
Have you ever seen or heard of a human red eye,, an
emerald eye, an alabaster eye, an orange eye or any
great series of colors? I believe not, , - ,
. There are blue eyes, brown eyes, hazel eyes, gray eyes
Hack eyes and dotted brown or dotted gray eyes. That
Is ell, . The green eyes, so-called, in men and women are,
after all, merely a diluted blue eye.. ...
Brown eyes are Indications of deep feeling and Quick
susceptibility to Individuals of the other sex. They
nsually mean liberality of feeling, a warm, clinging na
lure and a freedom from Puritanical prudery, y
Black eyes are often found associated with strong
passions and violent friendships. The deeper In color
' such eyes are, the more extreme are the likes and . '
likes of their owners.. The devotion,' expressive elo
quence and deep feeling evinced by men and women
with the darkest eyes era all plainly apparent it you
' read the character through such orbs. Both-brown ana
black' eyes speak more of the emotions, more of tM
heart than of the head. -t They come direct from us gov
erned savages. VThey bespeak softness, mildness, confl-
'' dence and susceptibility.' Heroines of the clinging, gul
lible type always must have dark eyes. Dark-eyed
women air also lealousvk;-
, Greenish, hazel and spotted eyes are accompanied
usually with shrewd, quick, nervous, restless tempera
ments. According to Professor Hudson, Asiatics with,
hazel eyes are-cunning and weasel-like; Contrary to
; ttiA nnnntn. tintlnn tMiranna with rraAit AVAR UTtk tOO in
different In passion to be at all jealous of the opposite
sex; they are, however, frequently envious of their own.
TiJnn-vfil tAntlpii ata Vnnvn for their self-control.
. ; coldness, austerity and precision. . They are severe and
suspicious, and demand the continuous homage of those
about them. Moreover, they are domineering and mas
" terfuL and wherever possible will be found to rule th
roost. 0':vni'P v- - ; -
bv Blue-eyed men are highly Intellectual, morally firm
' and mathematically correct in thought, word and act.
They are the rulers of their families, and the powerful
figures In the moral. Intellectual and Industrial worlds.
When a blue-eyed maid meets a blue-eyed man Greek
i meets Greek; then comes the tug of war; ; --
. ' Among the gray eyed there are few who retain any
spiritual emotions, people with gray eyes are superfi
cial, frivolous, given to'embrace false idols, running
down blind alleys, following false prophets, thoughtless.
Inconsiderate, wanting In sympathy, neurotic, unstable
not firm and deliberate, but rash and impetuous.
In brief, each group of the various colored eye has)
predominating characteristics. There are, of course, ex- .
ceptions to the classification, but the data now available
to the Bcientlflo statisticians go a great way In show
lng that sv general system of character groups may be
arranged acoordlng to the colors of the 979, :-
IT'S Healthful to LAUGH at Ypur Neighbor's MKFORTUNES
ri HAT grave and learned body, the
I Dritlnh MftAfoal lunplillnn lit. ;
ly in convention at Birmingham,
England. earnAiM'r an A nlamnlir rrnna-
that every we should laugh as much as
1 possible. As stated by Dr. W. McDou- -v
gall, the orlgin'of laughter and its benef
icent properties are to thla affect: k
Vmn Mm vlian tnn mrmm In Tifa -
Mages, he developed the feeling of sym
. : pathy for others. It was. Indeed, a con
dition tf his promotion "above the anl
: mals. It formed the first step 'towards
cne social life.
Life, fiowerer, tras a more ragged si-
fair In , those days. Each day provided
ft myriad of nasty knocks, Conseqnentlr
if a .man. In addition to being sorry for
himself avbout every two minutes, was r.
sorry for an his friends when they barked &
their shine or had their dinner stolen by
. an Ichthyosaurus, he had to he In a per- ?
petual state of 'the hump" " ) '
That was why nature Invented laugh
. ter. The minor troubles of his neighbors -l
became a joke to primitive man; and, as
: everybody- knows, ' laughter Is a good
r medicine. : - Laughing at other people's i
. troubles enabled our earliest ancestor to
forget his own, '.'"(
pencer," said Dr.1 McDougalL "re
garded laughter as the bodily expression -'
pt an overflow of nervous energy'., C
" "But take the ease of 'a man who sits
"(down on his own hat This will gener
ially move the ibectator to laughter. In
fact; I "am told It Is the one thing In the
" House of Commons which never fails to
raise a laugh: Spencer suggested no res-'
' ton why suoh a spectacle should liberate
: an. excess nervous energy. 1'
"The procedure very commonly adopted
has been to assume that when we laugh
It Is because we are pleased, and then
to try to explain. why we are pleased.
' i . "This procedure has given rise to two .
famous theories,- , , " K
The theory of pure malevolence) that
Is, the nature of man to rejoice at the
misfortunes and defects of his fellows.
This was Aristotle's theory.
,. . The theory of self-congratulation pro-'
pounded by Hobbes, aocordlnr-to which
we rejoice on perceiving the misfortunes
and defects of our fellows, because there
by our own. Immunity from these same
misfortunes is brought to our minds.
fWhat are the primarr effects on the -
laughter T Laughter interrupts the train
of mental activity, and so;prevents the -further
play of th'e mind on the ludicrous
object ' 'i V ,;"' , r
.' "The hodlly movements' . of ; laughter
hasten the circulation' and respiration, '
'raise the blood pressure, and bring about
euphoria, or general well-being.' Now
we see, why the acquirement of laughter
was worth while to the human species.
"Laughter la primarily the antidote of
sympathy.'' - .. " 1 ,
: Though it was Important that we
ahould sympathetically share the enjoy
ments of our fellows and feel sympathy :
with their more serious pain, It would
. hare been a serious disadvantage to suf
fer sympathetically. In however small a
degree, all the minor pains of one'n fel-
, Elinor palnsWere so abundantly spread "
around in the early history of the human
race that one would have teen almost
continuously subjected to this depressing
Influence, and one's vitality would have
r been seriously lowered.
' "Some antidote for these too frequent
- and nseles minor sympathetic pains be
came necessary, and laughter .was ac-
.: quired as a protective reaction.
"Both philosophers and common opln-
. . Ion . have committed the error of con
founding the laugh with the smile. The
two reactions are distinct in origin and
v function. 2a the infant (hey appear at
i -different. 'dates. 'iih-y'j.
"The smile appear about the .third
weak.' The laugh -does not appear until '
. about the end of the third month." u t
As the philosopher Bergson points out, ,
man is the only animal that laughs. ,He
is also the only animal that needs to
' laugh, as all the others are immune to
. the ill effects of sympathy, because they
do not feel that emotion. ' ' '
"I would point out," says Bergson, "th
absence of feeling which really accompa-,
nles laughter. It seems as though the
; comic could not produce its- disturbing
' effect unless it fell, so to say, on the sur
face of a soul that Is thoroughly calm and
' unruffled. Indifference is Its natural en
vironment for laughter has nofreater toe
"I do not mean that we could not laugh .
at a person who Inspires us with pity, tor
Instance, or even with affection, but In
such a case we must for the moment
- put out affection out of court and Impose
silence upon our pity,
"In a society composed of pure In-
telligences there would probably be no ;
more tears, though perhaps there would
8tUl be laughter; whereas highly emo-.
"clonal souls, , in tune and unison with
life, in whom every event would be sentl-
- mentally prolonged and re-echoed, would ,
neither know nor understand laughter.
' "Try for a moment to become inter
ested in everything that is being said and
done; ; act in imagination, with those
who act and feel with those who feel;
in a word, give your sympathy its widest -expansion.
As though at the touch of a :
fairy wand you will see the .flimsiest ot -
objects assume importance, and a gloomy -hue
spread over everything.
, t To produce the whole ot its' effect '
' , then, the "comic demands something like
a momentary anaesthesia of the heart
Thus, rather than suffer from sympathy
wlh the sufferings of others which will
do them no good you should laugh heart
lly and "forget if ,
Through Their PORES
T th recent meeting of the British
Medical Association attention was-:
directed to "poroscopy,'1 a method ,
of criminal and statistical registration of
mankind which will no doubt at once be
the source of a new crop of detective
stories. Dr. Locard, of Lyons, France,
stands sponsor for the new dispensation,
and his brief Is hsld tor the new scheme .
of measurements because he Is person
ally convinced that it Is the equal and
much easier of application- ot the flngerN
print method ot Karl Pearson and M.
Bertillon. - !
Drr James B. Bcott of Brighton Beach,
England, describes poroscopy as the scl-1
ence ot the study and tabulation of the'
' openings, orifices and canals of the sweat
ducts of the finger pnlp. instead of .the
lines and ridges in the finger prtnt He
says the holes in 8klnnys trousers can
not altogether be considered without ref- ,
erence to the slender remains of the
cloth, but the sweat openings ; in the)
lingers can be recorded with no regard
to the finger prints. '
' The sweat pores are caught as identic
. 11 cation marks upon smoked glass, grease
. , stains, mud, chalk, putty, or even a moist
, shiny surface. The dirt and persplratioa
alone are enough to obtain the pressed
dots and rings. -;m-:yv.-:
Dr. Locard reports a wonderful series)
; . of criminal detections due to the in
genious scheme of, obtaining the stamp
of the sweat canaL He even goes so far
as to say that he can identify anyone by
person's hat "
In other words, if a crime is committed
( and the perpetrator neglects to carry off
his hat or anything that his fingers have
touched, the Bertillon bureaus hereafter
will by the. procedure of finding only tea
. .- sweat pores succeed in capturing the Tlr
SALT Soil for CRISP RADISHES
SfiMS That SOAP Makes DIRTIER
N almost every section of this and. In tact
. other countries where the soil Is fertile,
it has been difficult in recent years to
grow es fine crisp radishbs as were grown In
former years.-'. 4 ....
The trouble . arises . from the fact that a
long halr-llke worm or maggot eats into the
radish atfd spoils it for use. These worms
are not considered dangerous, but they are
ruining the radish crop In many localities,
and until recently It was a serious question
how to rid the soil of these pests.. - . ,-
They are white In color, and about the size ..
of a thick hair up to that of a heavy, knitting
needle, and they vary in length from one
fourth of an Inch to one inch In length. . They
burrow In the flesh of the radish, : and In
places afmost entirely consume the root
r They are less troublesome along the sea
v shore, and some of the sandy gardens near ,
the sea level have no radish worms at ali.
This Is ovldence they do not thrive in salty ,
ground. , .v:-i?';v;---,-;.?Vj
- Experiments have shown that where these,
" worms infested the radishes badly, the only
'way .to prevent the difficulty is to place salt
in the soiL . Some planters place, salt In a
furrow, and then place earth on top of the
salt and then plant the radish seed in the
soil over the salt This is said to do the
work. Others sow the seed and, then, a the
radishes grow, the soli, plants and all are
sprinMled with a solution of salt water. This ;
la declared to free the earth of the radish
'maggots, and the roots are fine and crisp. .,"
OST persons have long believed
that sv liberal "use of soap and
water Insures bodily cleanliness.
It will be a shock to learn, therefore,
that 4 certain numerous type ot person
have skins that soap only makes dirty.
Thla 1 on the high authority ot the Lon
don Lancet the world's leading medical ',
The active principle of all oape i al
kali, the action of which, ordinarily, is
to separate dirt from the oil ot th akin
and enable it to be washed away. ,'
But it seems that certain skins are not
proof against the action ot alkali, and
oap acts as deterrent because it forms
an emulsion with dirt and the liberated
alkali remove the fat which causes dirt
to cling. Any Inquiry, therefore, turned '
to the question of the effects of soaps
upon the skin amounts to determining
the' sensitiveness ot the skin to the
action of alkali. . i i " - 1
v Owing to hydrolysis soaps when' dls-
solved in water exhibit a marked alkaline
; reaction, and; this is true also of the ,
so-called superfatted soaps, though these -
are generally made with superior ma-, .
terlala, and for that reason may be pre-"
ferred. An interesting contribution on
this eubject (appear i fn the reports
recently Issued from the laboratory of
the Royal College of Physicians of Edln
i burgh. In an article entitled "Soaps and
their Effect on the Skin," Dr. Frederick
. Gardiner points out that . among the ,
dearer toilet and superfatted soaps the
proportion of mineral ash, and. alkali is .
at least as high as in the coarser types. ,
When an , alkaline solution ' such as
that ot soap touches the skin there Is, In
duced, he says, both an excessive secre
tion of the acid sebum and sweat and a '
solvent effect on the protective epltbe-
- Hum. Bevlewlng the different Ingredients
found In soaps, he concludes that all
soaps from' their; chemical constitution
- must be Irritant to the noma! ekln. The
effect varies, he states, with the indivl- .
dual skin, and Is more pronounced in
senile and diseased skins. Cotton seed .
oil and rancid fats, according to his ob
servations, are probably hugely respon
sible for the Irritant effects in cheaper
soaps. s '
: ; Castor oH soap, he find, U lellt trrl
tating, bat It has the , disadvantage ot
being too freely soluble and therefore
wasteful, while it la apt -to become ran
cid. "Cocoanut oil soap is decidedly irri
tating, while palm oil soap, though still
an irritating variety is less so, and tallow
oap shows a low irritating value.
If these deductions are correct Dr.
Gardiner thinks they supply a reason for
the bad effects of modern domestic soaps
of the cheaper and clothes-washing kinds,
as they are made, mostly from cheaper
fats and the cheap oils, cocoanut and
cotton seed. Formerly tallow and ollv
oil were more used and th evil effect)
of soaps . were not so pronounced at thai
time. v'-mU'.: z-c-aI''- v.'V. v-r
No one can b In touch, he says, with,
the out-patient department of a large hos
pital and not observe the economic loss,
not to speak of physical damage, due to
soaps and soap powders. It hands were
considered as well as the clothes, and
more of : the old-fashioned Joint oil
pressed into service, the results, he con
siders, would "tend to lessen this serious
and Increasing occupation denn&Uthv
':'X';J-:' y'':.-V-?,: aTV lt , V , . af'ariv' -a'--TrV WT1 'w
uii me KjHAULih
fHB "hand that rocks' the' cradle probably , rules the world, but
I - science has passed the Judgment that the world would be better '
ruled if the ;rockers", were takenoff that cradle. This revolu-1
r 'tionary decree in nurseryland la contained in a leaflet Just Issued by the
Public Health Department of the City of London. This document Is ad-'
dressed to mothers, and among the counsels it Imparts is the Very serious '
advice never rock the baby! IT declares that in the interest of both
mother and child the custom should be unreservedly condemned.
, ' Rocking a baby to sleep is apt to set up Various digestive disorders .
' and stupefies the child, and in any. case uses him or her to bad habits.;
A healthy child requires no rocking oft to sleep, but should, after
being ted at the UBual time, be put to bed in the dark and allowed to go
'off to sleep qnite naturally. Cradle rocking is most unwise and may
cause a child to grow up unhealthy, certainly exacting and petulant
v It is quite true, because it is simple common sense, that if a child
can be accustomed to going to sleep of its own accord, without any rock- ::
lng or singing or other attention the better it is for the child. And
better, of. course, tor the mother, who is then free to attend to other
household 'duties.;:'- V.yvv-r
' ' The "quieter a baby Is kept the better. Every baby should be ted,
washed and put to bed at regular hours. , Rocking is quite unnecessary.
Suoh things as rocking cradles and rocking chairs are rarely found in the
lest class of hospitals. '... 9
, The average mother's argument is apt to defeat Itsself that these '
baby orders are nearly always Issued by men who have .never had to 1
put them In practice. If men had the nursing to do they would insist v
on uhviiib poumujr-ui.iBu yreuiinoB, reiuiar nui&iug uuun wiu uu uiuer
occupation of any kind to say nothing of a regular salary but women
are expected to get through the night with a teething baby after a. hard,
" day of homekeeplng and looking after older, children. -
The answer is that if babies never were Introduced to the diversion
of cradle rocking, their mothers would escape that form of infantile tyran
nywith decided gain of leisure for their other duties.' ; '-"
",- . ''..,,'',:, ..'."'..'):..; ., f :J-. ;;.'":'',
A Collar That Keeps YOU From SNORING Why FAT KINGS
How . the Anti-Snoring Collar
NORING is a nuisance even to
those who Indulge ; in : this
habit ; When anyone snores
his ' mouth 1 usually open, r his
tongue and cheeks become dry, the'
palate sags and flaps in the pul
monary breeze, the tonsil and other
throat tissues begin to bulge, swell
and often become : chronically 1 en
larged, and germs, microbes and all '
sorts of lurking disease parasites
And their way Into' th , yawning
i 8normg has been' the bane of the
physician and the torment, of its
victim. Of th legion of prevent
ives, treatments' and alleged cures,
not one has as, set fulfilled' its
promise. New methods arise and old
anti-snoring remedies are. forgotten;
but the snore, like the poor, hangs
around forever, v ' "
With this fact well in mind Mr.
F. Herslng, a Prussian peasant ot
Ereuznach, Germany, 'has been for
some time experimenting with vart-'
ous devices that are intended to put
an end to the snore. ' . Snoring
around the ' Kreuznach region of
Germany la so epidemic that it is
V """'Copyright 1tX by tha Etar Company.
The Anti-Snoring Collar, Show,
ing Its Construction. r' '
said that the goose girls returning
home late at night and starting forth
' early in the morning' are commonly
- deceived by the snores of the vil
' lagers thereaboutfc ; This confusion
;;; la at times so ' great that many ;
village sleeper la awakened by .'.,
goose girl, who mistakes his snore
for an escaping duck or goose. , ,
The snore of the average Kreuz
nach Inhabitant has true Nlbelun-
, gen motif In it That is to say, It
- sounds Uk the same measured stac-
1 cato of the quack, quack, quack of a
duck or goose. . ..
v Hoping to reap an appropriate re
1 turn for a method of relieving the
peasants, from their ' snores, Herr
Herslng has taken out a patent for.
a "snor preventer." It comprises
chin support shaped not nnllke a
horse collar with a trough-Ilk pro
jection into which th chin fits snug-;
' ly. It laces at the hack of the neck
.i: like a belt;:;; ffl; 'rv'Z
. ' ' The support thus given to th chin
not only tends to keep the mouth
'. closed, but' keeps the tongue from
; sagging and obstructing the free pass-,
' age of air all causes of snoring. .
. Were So POPULAR
yYHERH was for generations a custom in India of weighing the king
; I or ruler, in gold and givingthat gold to the poor. - The custom
. prevails to-day in some parts of India, and King George V, og
England would have been weighed during his visit there, in keeping with,
the custom, had it not been for the fact that he objected. . .
Perhaps this was because most- Indian rulers were extremely fat gen
tlemen, while King George Is considerably i, below the average sized man.
At. any rate, it was the fat monarchs who were the most popular In th
olden days, for on th, "weighing days erery additional pound of kins
meant.so many more rupees for the poor. -
- - A Maharajah who was recently crowned seated himself In on of th
gold pans of th balance, while Into the other waa thrown gold coin until
royalty, rose in the scajls..wr.;.tf v .
The Maharajah, by an unwritten law, did noti become legally chief until
he had been weighed in this manner. In olden times the custom prevailed
of throwing the money into the air and letting the people scramble for
; whatever part of it missed the scales, but this resulted in disorder and
frequent loss of life and,, moreover, defeated the object in view, as the
Strong and well-fed usually prevailed over those more in need of the bena
fit" After this a commission of functionaries was named to divide th3
gold among the poor of the country districts after the monarch had been
welghed.',y'v;'':';,:;;f 'X&mA:'?'-? j:::Pk':- :!-
' This custom, of weighing monarchs is not so extravagant as It r?y
appear to be. In the case of George V. it was calculated that one lit; j
dred thousand dollars in gold would be devoted to the weighing and t-
expenses of the entertainment but that is not to eay that the ex;
necessarily determined by the bulk of the monarch. As rcur- i i
be added to the fund as any number of prrsons d - 're ta glvo. i
the native Indian potentates are usually it ivy co";"i ti t
mani . .
".Great Britain Rights Xlserv