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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1912)
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JL i. iLi
t j.'nVr.ki' Bmi.1. :
i iiJ uiiiiil tr.-t. IVrtlnnJ. or.
i , .pr.,1 i..r,M t i;."'t,frnm ien whn create wealth, not !
f.r (rnmioB through tne mail s nevt
in t'fimvr-i u!n 7173
Hom. a-xm. i
AiV il oartiiiMiU rei-bA 1T the oumher.
T..K !.. ..-.r.t.j. ht dei-artmeiit you want.
1-n,'rfi.la k Ksntnor Co., Bnmtvtrk Dnllnin.
; .'1 nfsb - wan. Xr York; 1218 reorUV
lias ' liuiMliic, Chicago.
in the united state or Mexico.
..SS.ou ! om month.
Out fen.... ,...tt.: I One month.
DAILY A.NI SUNDAY.
One yeir. $7.V) I One month.
Say'that upon the altar of her
You sacrifice your tears, your
sighs, your heart;
Write till your ink be dry; and
- with your tews
Moist It again; and frame some
That may discover such Integ
. rlty. " '
-.;: i Shakespeare.
A COMPLIMENT TO OREGON
THERE Is a high compliment to
an Oregon lawyer and jurist In
the initiative and referendum
decision, by the United States
; $ upreme court . "
As a member of the 'Oregon su
preme court Justice Will R. King
wrote the final decision In the tele
phone case, and discussed the issues
in all their bearings. The opinion is
almost identical with that rendered
' by the federal supreme court, which
cited the same cases, followed the
same line of reasoning, aid reached
the same conclusion as enunciated
. by -tttl Oregon trtbu'nat"" 7Jrfilghe"f
1 compliment could be paid the Ore
. gon.. judiciary than is contained in
7 the similarity of processes which ap
pear in the finding by the national
. tribunal. . ' -.
Incidentally,'!. the opinion of Judge
r King was, br order of the United
States senate, . published some time
ago as a public document, and a new
'f order was recently made for an ad
ditional 1500 copies to he printed. ,
"CANADA IN THE FASHION
HE idfia that the coming gener-
stlot" shall: htdp pay " fof " the
good . roads it profits by,' has
taken root In Canada.
The plan of the old province of
lebec is this. It-is proposed by the
provincial government, through Its
j- - . - .
ministry of pablic works, that It
jf shall now ' issue . .$10,000,000 In
bonds of the province, carrying 4
per cent interest, payable in 40
j years.,. ' .
j The roads selected are to be built
by the"" municipalities under strict
government supervision, engineering
work being done by government en
gineers who are already at work on
I the two highways first lo be con
;6tructed. - . -
The cost of the roads is to be paid
from the bond issues. Each munici
i pality will he charged wlta the gross
x sum which the roads within its
I rHnmdarJeg shatt tost Two per cent
t interest cn this sum will tc provided
J by the provincial government, and
J also one per cent "fof the sinking
fund to redeem the bonds at ma-
turity. The other twv per ce,nt to
4 make up the annuatfour per cent,
i ponaea interest win ce pan oy eacn
I municipality icr us quota or bonds
ppplled to road mak'ng within its
a liuJtS. ; , .
' So the Canadian province, which
matches the American .. state, , issues
a-.d sells the full at. ount of 46 year
1 bonds to contsruct the main high-
ways laid "out aid engineered by the
1 provincial government. The gov
ernment provides half the Interest
.and all the sinking - MrMHB4
nicipauty, wnicn maicnes our. coun
ty, pays half the Interest on the
bonds, being two per cent, on the
sum expended on roadswKhfti it.
.... , The bond issue is expected - to
build and improve 3300 miles of up
to date roads, on a basis of $3000 a
mile. AJinlforrri form of contract,
t specifying grade of materials and de
' tails of road building Is to apply gen
'. erally. Each municipality under
1 takes the subsequent repair of :' its
' roads. . ... :
; These facts are furnished by the
, American consul at RImouski, Can-
THE LAND SPECULATORS
ECRYIXG the tendency of mod
ern land operation, Ja the -west
towaTd ' speculation, C. . L.
Smith of the Oregon-Washine-
ton Railroad & Navigation company
brought k responsive . applauso, from
; the Irrigation congross Monday by
i declaring that we should return to
tho idea of "home-making; rather
than acquiring money by the manip
j ulation of lands." ' , .
I All Oregon joins in the applause.
Land should not be looked upon as a
plaything for speculation. Every
t dollar added to the cost of the land1
to the producer increases the cost of
' production. Every dollar so added
; handicaps the producer' and makes
' r uuricuit . iorJiim,..ttt.he.
3 thrifty. Every dollar bo added is
... u . . . .. . . .
1 EOt only an additional burden, for
tne proauter, pur.,u isr m the higher
cost of production, a tax on' the. con
eumer. -. . ;; ..:i' -;.
Tho only one to profit is the spec
ulator, He gets something for noth
ing, and gets it at the expense of the
whole public' He does not produce.
.He puts' nothing on the land. His
whole connection with it is described
in dollar -marks. His whole nurnoaer
m , tuuuijtjg vim it la to secure, un
tamed profits. - The defunct Colum-
li.t Ilivt r OrcLard cc-V;:; uzy is la evi -
dor ce. ' . -
What Oregon wants la more home-1
makers and fewer speculators. The
need Is for men who will" work the.
an j instead of men who work hot
air factories. Benefit will cotae ;
U - -- - '
from those who absorb wealth.
1 Nobody has made this plainer than
James J. Hill. who. on his latest
visit: to uregon, aecnea Bpecu.auuu
I in lands and insisted that It is im
perative to squeeze speculative val
ues out of the lands and place them
(within reach of the settler at their
approximate value, v The subject Is
one of the greatest importance, and
the unqualified attitude of the Ir-:
rigation congress with respect, to It
wi!lLbe generally applauded. :
T is difficult to understand Seattle
politically. As a result of pri
maries there yesterday,, it is pre
dieted that HI Gill will be elected
mayor. . '
Two years ago, he was' elected to
that, position, and within less than
a. year was recalled. The recall was
the result of vice conditions and bad
government. His chief of police was
convicted of taking a bribe, and sen
tenced to two years in the peniten
tiary" - ,
In the campaign leading up to
yesterday's voting, Gill has been con
stantly untjer fire. The Post-Intel,
llgencer had this to say of him, the
morning of the primary:. -
"Unrestrained vice was not the
only evil that effected the city under
GUlism. GilUsm meant something
more than police graft. It meant
more than an unholy combination be-
tween the law and offenders against
the law. - Graft during the reign of
Gilllsm demoralized the police, de
partment. A majority of the mem
bers of the department were honest.
But the" practices of dishonest po
licemen put odium on honest police
men, impaired their efficiency and
made a mockery of the law."
The -paper also charged that Gill
demoralized the fire department and
exposed the city to unusual hazard,
and that he destroyed the efficiency
of the park board by Injecting poll
tics into its administration. If, in
the face of the serious charges, the
recalled mayor shall be reelected,1
the, whole country will begin, to have
surmises quI the stability and san
itfoT the Seattle electorate.
Undoubtedly, future events In the
sound, metropolis will be watched
ltl Werest If Gill shall be elect-
ea- W1U ine recau, as, soon ,-as me
time limit expires, again be ariplied"!
What future ferment is to prevail in
that excellent city?
ItOMOTERS of private reclama
tion projects heed the indorse
ment" of the state government,
that indorsement aids them to
securities and get . money for
carrying out their plans. It also
gives' confidence to the settler, and
enables the promoters to sell their
lands. -'-. .-.w---- -c- - .
But4he sta'te government cannot
afford to Indorse, as sound," a proj
ect about which it knows . nothing,
It cannot give.a clean bill of health
to a pig in a? poke. It cajinot say to
bondbnyers that the company is Bafe,
when it knows.- nothing about the
ffnatlPPH Tt rnnrint naanra cof flora
that the plan Is sound when it is in
j complete ignorance a a- to
gineerlng feasibility of the project.
Governor West is absolutely right
in his insistence upon full lnf orma
tlon about all projects. :He Is only!,ea b,RUS driven from the country
doing his duty as governor of the , by lack of room. Of what avail is
state In declaring that he will fight
for this inf ormation iiTi til fully and
freely supplied with it by reclama
tion promoters. His position is. fun
damentally sound, and promoters
- irnTiot awnttarfitana-lirthelr
If the project is on the "square, t
there should be
crecv. If there is somethinff to hide.
uu jeasou ior B5-
there Is every reason to avoid pub-
Hcity. In the case of the Columbia
River Orohard company at Kenne -
wick, there was reason to dod&e in
vestigatlon, because the concern was
a soap bubble and its methods
crooked. If there had been careful
scrutiny Lbyxthe Washington state
government, victims In Washington
and Oregon would have been saved
hundreds of thousands of dollars,
; Governor West should not yield
the position he has assumed. The
Carey act itself contemplates that
tho state government should exer
cise a supervisory capacity for the
protection of the public. The gover
nor is fully justified in insisting
that it shall.be a supervision that
that supervises, not a desultory, for
mal and Incompetent scrutiny that
amounts to nothing.' '" .'"".' ,"
It is time for every corporation in
Oregon to be a sound corporation.
THE PERIL . OF THE DAY
tflll.NG the last half of the
nineteenth century the gener
al standard of wages in civil
ized countries rose decade by
decade. Invention spread. - Factor
ies nnrl wnrltRhnna mnlMnH1 K,,ol-
. r- uo-
Bess-flourished, and '.was profitable.
The hleher earnings, of nil rlooaoa
put more spending 'money -into the
hands of families. Before the-cen-
tury enaea a costlier ratio of. living
had-become an accepted fact-and
general usage. .' " t .
' When the. new century opened
son ot the general rise id prices the
purchasing power of money fell, but
wages made no corresponding rise.
ra4ee-thef e 1 w as iu
real wages a sWght fall.- The spend
ing of the 'family week by week
.car:? clever tJ tie to
learned, until the i.-sue
ta! of vr.:-'j
homo. Either the
wages Trust In-',
crease or the weekly purchases;
must fall. Wage-earners cenerallv .
were .approaching what Lloyd-George '
defines as poverty, namely, the ex-,
renditure of the torsi earned tn snn-
- - - - 4 j
ply the family with the common
necessaries of life.
Meanwhile the organization of la
bor in all countries had been extend
ed. The dissatisfaction of individual
members with the stationary wage '
and the growing expenditure found
expression through the unions. So
labor became articulate. V
In England there followed a
years wherl labor troubles were im-j
minent,, to discard the leadership of
conservative- and tried officials of
the unions,, and to refuse-to concur
in the bargains that they made.
The public has learned that
strikes are- liable to be a recurring
evil in all , the reat trades and in
dustries on which the structure of
modern life rests. .
Never, however, was there, a time
when this same public sympathized
more deeply with the basic demands
ofworkefs for improved conditions
of work and living, for regular em
ployment and for a minimum, wage.
Such sj-mpathy has found expreSlcTnToTTfl3 own." No truer words were ever
in legislation as new as it is far
reaching. The entire community as-
sumes a large part Of individual I
burdens or the workers and their
What is the 'summary of all this?
Is it not that towards the redress of
Industrial evils mighty forces are at
work? The public opinion of the
nations is leading all of them to
wards a reconctlingTof discontent, la
harmonizing of discords. The na
tions are far greater and more pow
erful than any class.. They are poor
friends to labor who counsel or
have recpurse to violent and lawless
methods, ' which must " inevitably
throw out -of gear the. entire ma
chinery of reform. .
OBODY doubts the' sincerity of
the article of "W. E. M.," on
this page. It is appealing in
the earnest wish of its writer
for a piece of land on which to make
a, home. It Is unapswerable in its
insistence- that it is wrought or large
tracts of raw land to he held in idle
ness, and taxed on but apart of
their value. - , ' .
It- is a- crime against ' society for
land to lie unused, with . men of
wealth holding it for a rise In value.
Call it, single tat or. what you will,
it is . a crime against such menN as
"W. E. M.'Mor these lands to lie
fmnKArl wMl mn vnmatnnH phil-tto
a w.Mm-fc rti-iT-'Tkli' hold on land thi
drerrirr-theTJttter sigh for 7 home In
tho country, but are prevented from
realizing it by large land owners
who keep their holdings out of use
through greed of ultimately realiz
ing enhanced values. 1 l
To, dislodge the monopolists and
open their holdings to men who will
go. out and produce' is one method
by which great good will inure to
society, and harm be done to nobody.
There must always be respect for
private property rights, but it is a
lyefl settled. princlpla7that-the--good
1 - M . T1 1 I 1 11 . , i .
of all has priority over the welfare
of a single Individual or a class.
There Is no more pressing prob
lem than this question of la&4r
Newspapers and orators fulminate
liilm) dr-lff in tie. tisa t.ni
what else can men der;gu
Idleness, force men to go to the clt-
it- to W. E. M." to be told to go to
the country, when there is nothing
left from ,hl3 saJary' with which to
make a purchase, and when big
holders demand prices that are pro
The issue Is one well worth con
sideration by serious-minded men.
(Because no means has ever hepn an-
wlled to arrest the holding of unused
.. . 7
ian 18 no reason Tor never applying
remeu,eH' icuuBe uie tuxing power
i3 not been employed ' to reduce
these holdings, is no reason why it
should not be applied; The real
question Is, how to do it, and how
to further the desires of earnest men
who, want "to -get land and build a
home in the country.
There is no way. in which the
statesmanship of the state can do
more to build up, strengthen and
beautify the Jife of Oregon than by
making all the soil accessible and
leading cHy dwellers out-to live
MAY USE DUMMIES
T is always presumed that every
individual knows tne" law.: In
case of violation, the individual
cannot plead his ignonnce of the
statute as a bar to prosecution, r
United States Judge Gilbert of the
circuit court of appeals at San
Francisco is reported as holding that
a corpqratlon m&f use dummy en
trymen In securing title to timber
lands, provided it does not know; the
entrymen are dummies. It may. even
lend them moneywith which t8 se
cure patent, and still be guilty of no
offense. In effect, the reported '.de
cision holds .that almost any kind of
if raiid' may be resorted to by the en-
tfymen but that the corporation sub-
sequently acquiring title, If without
knowledge of the fraud, Is an ..inno
cent purchaser, and not answerable
Such a decision "may be the law.
It , so,' corporations are .practically
given '"letters of marque with which
to go out and gather In tho remnant
the loopjioles it leaves open for re
sort to fraud, It is not a finding that
Chicago professor killed 9000
germs "with the smoke
of a single
cigar. Think of the havoc among
the germs If he had fallen upon
them with a well worn 4tnd time
honored cob pipe.
A Boston man who was arrested
for wearing woman's attire says he
dressed that way to . keep warm.
Evidently, he was not. arrayed in a
late creation for the ball room.
A Missouri girl has sued him. for
$20,000 for seven kisses. He la an-
other man in favor of placing sugar
on the free list. .
Lctters From tli'ej People
(OomumnlfntloM tent to The Journal for poh
llfntloo In this department ihouli) not ieeed
S0 word la length and mnt be erompanlal
by the nam and addresa of the lender.) '
Wants a Country Home.
I Vancouver, Wask,' Feb. 1 4. To the
Etlitor of The Journal. Am a daily
reader of The Journal. Your able edi
torials and "letters from the people" I
read with much Interest In Sunday'
editorial, 'February 11. speaking of the
workingmen, you write: "Many of the
worktngmen, now in cities, ought to "be
in the country, where each w6uld be an
lndependentJtui'Miuliiri vu a UleCo Uf
wrlttpn, but how will the poor man get
there? How can he. unless he sroes out
miles from nowhese, find land that he
can even look at? Land-is being held
so high that only the rich can purchase.
Many people would not -leave- the cities.
They know no other life, but those "ar
not the kind I refsr to.i
,To go out miles into the country, and
in order to purchase land at reasonable
prices, a ,man should be well supplied
with food, and the material, tools, lum
ber and other necessaries, with which to
start. , He must have money . to live
while he clears hia "land, and we all
know how hard a man must work on
this land In lorder to get it in condition.
ana mat mere win do no income irora it
for at least two years. Can the poor
man. with a family save money enough
out of his none too large wages to do all
this? If he could, how gladly he would
take ' his . family out into God's green
wqrldfto which he has some right Why
should this land. In its rough state, be
considered worth from $125 to $200 an
acre? Any sane-person knows that is
an unreasonable price. Forty-five dol-
lars an-avia a' good priceT
It 'takes more than $40 an acre to
clear It ' What are people thinking
about - that d vise the worklngtnan to
go out in the country? In town they do
not build houses for the working-man.
He must pay $15, $20 find $25 for rent,
besides paying for - water. Looks like
tKfe laborer is driven pretty close to the
wall, does it not? Cannot something
be done to reduce this exorbitant) price
of God's earth, to which we are all
entitled to a share?. Does " Mr. Land
shark own the-earth? -
There is plenty of land within three
or tour miles of Vancouver in its rough
state, that-would be a boon -to many a
poor man. The land owners pay taxes
at the rate of $45 an acre and theri hold.
their sale price 4,t more than $100 an
acre. Why not make him pay aecordlng
his Value? He would soon let -go
that ts no good to hlm
and of use to thOB who would gladly
pay a reasonable price. This land stands
idle year after year. 'Like a dog In the
manger, the owners dp not use It them
selves wr will they allow others to do
so. Our laws should compel them to
do one th'ng or the other. Give others
a chance. Open up more of our beauti
ful country, let every man have a home
where he could live in the country and
work in town until the time arrives
when he can live from the products of
his farm. " "' .--.-r
In inany cases this uncultivated land
has been, handed down from their fore
fathers. Yet they still hold on. Had
they to work' for its possession they
would never own an acre. If we could
"live and let live," what a grand, old
world this would be!
I have had several friends come to
this state and Oregon for the purpose
Wpurchaslnir-countfy homes, but they
went back -discouraged and disgusted.
iTh nrui is doing much to nelp conar
cut down Injustice that those who will
may have an opportunity to call a little
corner of this great big , world "my
home."...,,. ,',...-,., .w, E. M.
Gray Wolves. :
Portland, Feb. 19. To the. Editor of
The journal I want to emphasise the
excellence of your editorial of the
10th "The Gray Wolves." Having lived
for some years on the borderland of
the south. -BterUUatiqn as a practical
and humane. mean of suppressing the
tivil so prevalent where the black, man
abounds has appealed to me ior a long
time a.s the correct and only efficacious
. . mnr,o- white offenders
UCai.JltCUI- .- .
the correction is , even more strongly
called for. Sooiety must in time de
mand that defectives and perverts be
not allowed to reproduce " themselves,
but at this time protection" should be
jaf forded from the animals that, prey
upon the innocent.
'The fallacy of reasoning displayed
In letter of "Physician" of February
12, is apparent when it Is made clear
that by whatever high sounding name
the evil is called, it is simply the un
controlled animal in man that does the
mischief and no more a disease than
lying or cheating. Advocates of ster
ilizing are not bent on "punishment" of
the offenders but merely protection to
society. Besides, the real punisnment
Is in robbing the man of his liberty.
The states are ; already overpuraenea
with ' supporting, the incarcerated, rar
ther,' it will be for the sentimentalist,
such as I Judge "Phystcian" to be,-to
demonstrate that the general effect of
this cure is demoralizing, we want
facts as well as theory. The very or
dinary man - has not failed to observe
that the results upon animals are most
wholesome while the numanB" wh,5
have by- necessity : gone th.rongh the
operation are still good and useful
members of society. The penalty would
be a true benefit to the individual in
removing the tiger from his system.
C. F. B.
Get Together. -
KaIamaWrash.ttFeb. 12. To tha Edi
tor Of The -Journal As the Oregonian
Is having so much trouble over Gover
nor West's proposed road bills, alleging
that, poor old Multnomah county would
have to bear far more 'than, a Just pro
portion of the burden, I want to say
that a greater Oregon only means a
greater Portland, for truly, Portland
gathers tribute by 'way of trade from
every town and city in ,the state. To
help-Loutlylng districts . to good roads
onlyserves 1to move trade to Portland
quicker, and "in better shape.; 9ood
roads in rural districts will add to4he
population of our state and-such addi
tion only means a greater Portland. If'
the Oregonlatiy can give a better plan
than the govejinor has, It should do It;
tifit cannot, it should stop growling and
fall in itnrt with the governor, as a large
t foaJo" oThT"people hav done. It
rortland.ls on one side of the state all
roads-' lead to it and a greater state
will I am sure add to Portland as much
will ixerdsa Ictlno:
A true and reliable price prophet could
make millions of money. i
All the candidates' are all right In
their talk before election.
The' more a" person hates people and
things, the less lovable he or she is.
This is too big and sane a country to
be ruined' by anybody or any party.
' The Roosevelt boom seems to be in a
"frazzled" rather than a fbufly" condi
tion. . . . -
A little city lot farming or garden
ing could he made to help out a good
deal, in many cases. .
"When Roosevelt made those positive
statements in 1904 and 1907, he forgot
to put la the word "consecutive" before
. y '
,r not only , continues in Oregon
City, but has broken out in Estacada.
It may spread to Clackamas, New Era
and Aiolalla yet V- - t
A congressional committee, after long
Investigation, reports that the American
Sugar Refining company is a trust.
But what to do about it is not reported.
Representative Humphrey of Wash
ington state is still fearsomely pleading
for defense against a hostile Japanese
fleet which he fears will arrive any
day.- . . . .... J
Professor Irving Fisher of Tale also
Predicts revolution. Hut thw prlvlltp-e.
bloated multlmiUionalrts lira Joined to
they say, "After ua the
The birds are getting ready to marry
pretty soon, the frogs iu o'erf lowed
places evoke a cheery tune, tho ever-
Sreener grass upcreeps by night and
ay, the Spring has dawned already, al
though yet damp and gray. The leaves
like weeds are growing, the buds are
filling out. the earliest plants are show
ing their faith unmixed with doubt the
transient rivulets murmur, "we race
thus every year to hasten with the mes
sage that spring is very near." Back
east the ground is froren two or thre
feet deep, and seven quilts and blankets
folk ned to warmly sleep, but here in
February, nature begins to sing In a
thousand sounds, and colors of the
blushing, dawning spring. . -
SEVEN FAMOUS MUSEUMS
. Few visitori to London leave with
out' having seen the famous British
museum, and it is indeed a point of re
markable interest - For here is gatneretr
one of the most complete collections of
1I manner of antiquities and curiosities
to be found anywhere in the world.
This great institution had its begin
ning in the presentation to the nation,
in 1700, of a private Wbrary. It did
not really take form as a national mu
seum, however, until 1753, when Hans
Sloahe bequeathed his various collec
tions to England; when a house .was
secured and fitted up for it In 1823
the east wing of the present great
building was built to accommodate the
lrbrary of George III. The structure
was completed in 1847. - , . H
-.Walking up Great Russell street one
beholds an Impressive facade, decorated
in vthe Ionic style, full 870 feet long.
ThS building is arranged tn"iWf form of
a hollow square. Later reading room
was built in this "square, which in itself
Is a csriBlderable building, having cost
About 150,000. The reading room is
circular, with a great" dome 140 feet tfa
diameter rising 106 feet in the Air.
Something of the ..enormous magni
tude of this museum may be Judged
from the fact that it contains three
miles of book shelves eight feet high
holding in all something like 2,000,000
volumes. The reading room is a model
one; iri which the problems of light
and ventilation are admirably solved.
In IsSl'tha building, enormous as It
was, had become too small for the vast
collection. An additional structure was
erected on Cromwell road, to house the
departments. of zoology. .. mineralogy,
geology, and botany, at a cdst of
$2,000,000. Since then the main build
ing has been several times enlarged.
The value of this immense education
wealth proportionally as to any locality.
Portland Is the metropolis of the state
and will continue to be o, and as such,
the life of the entire country will flow
through the. city. So let ua get busy
end build up together Ihebest "state en
the Pacific slope Oregon.
C. H. WAYMIRE.
Patriotism Severely Strained.,
-The Dalles, Or., Feb, 15. To the Edi
tor cf The Journal In The Journa) of
February 11, it was stated that authori
ties, under the direction of John Breen,
are trying to prosecute the parents for
sending their children to New York to
keep fronr Starvation, wnne urn
ers and fathers are braving the hard
ships in the textile workers' strike in
Lawrence, Mass. - v.--..
in tha nnhiic schools they taught us
that this country, the homo of the brave
and the free, was for liberty, and laws
made for the people, and that we should
be patriotic. r . " . . . .
When the authorities are led by a
man charged with dynamiting to prose
cute the parents of our future citizens
for not letting them starve, and when
the government sends its murderers to
protect the money men and. kill our
fellow workers because they try to get
a small portion of what they produce
then they have the gall to tell us we
should be patriotic to our government
BD " FRED WALTHER3.
-An Interesting Suggestion.
PorUand. Or.. Feb. H.-To the Editor
of The Journal-As one who has long
been interested in the discussion . con
cerning - our present school,, system
where much has been said yet little ad
vanced of practical use, I. should like
to offer for punuc consiaerauon me
fniiowine BUflKestions concerning the
present method- which requires a pass
ing grade in every branch, or the pu-Pil-f-ans,.---.-.-
Why not let tho pupil . advance as
rapidly as he may In any one branch
of study, and when the required num
ber of grades have been mastered, let
him have a certificate of graduation
from this ! branch--a" diploma to , be
given, as it is , now, when the entire
prescribed school course has been completed.:-.
. -v ; ' .':. '',.' '
This method need not necessarily be
confusing, , once ; the condition become
adjusted to it. For instance, in room
seven there is John to whom "I might
have loved, Thou mlghtest have loved"
and All the rest of it, seems but a
meantnglegs Jingle, but who is ,a nat
ural mathematician. It heed nQt cause
-annoyance horconfusion-if, at the hour
given to arlthmetl6, he quietly .leaves
the room, and going to room eight ad
Joining, passes tne. recitation hour here
with this class, then as quietly returns
to, his, desk In room seven. And if
Mary who loves grammar, and writes
such Interesting compositions, who can
telfe glibly all the details of the his
tqry of the struggles of our republic,
but who. weeps at the sight "of a com
plex fractlon-if she also quietly leaves
or even to room five where, by gplng
over the ground again she- Is beginning
to get a clearer Insight into the mys-
Series of mathematics,
it need not de-
NEWS. "IN BRIEF
, A recent drive near Metollua resulted
In the death of about 1000 rabbits.
California parties have leased ground
near Coburg on which to prospect for
The city council Of Haines has bought
1000 feet of new fire hose and two hose
carts, at the total cost of $1327.
The Roseburg Review will 'soon Issue
a Progress edition, in magastne form. It
wil exhibit Douglas county's resources
and attractions. - '
Clatskanie Chief : The new $3000 rock
crusher for this district which was
voted for at the road meeting last De
cember will soon be ready for delivery.
On the site of the Commercial hotel,
recently burned, at Hlllsboro, there is
to be built a modern four story hotel
and business block. The hotel la to con
tain 80 guests rooms.
Myrtle Creek Mall; F. C Jehnson
picked a ripe wild strawberry at his
place on Boomer Hill on February 8,
1912. Put this In your pipe and smoke
it y bliazard stricken easterners,
Canyon City Eagle: County Clerk
Hagny paid In January $50U.6O for scalp
bounties. Half of this money is returned
by the state. During Maroh. 1911, the
bounty "warrants amounted to $501 and
in January, 1911. to $597.50.
r- . , t - " , , i"
Redmond Spokesman: Dave, Cole, Jr.,
killed a bobcat that measured over four
and a half f iot In lenglhajndstood two
and , a half feet high. A nest of halt
grown kittens was found in the rim
rock pear the Cole ranch later, v
The Old Fort Dalles Historical society
has petitioned the city council of The
Dalles to change the names of certain
streets la order to do honor to sundry
pioneers. The substitute names pro
posed are: . Race, Cushtng, Denny, Ever
ett, Fremont. Gordon, Humason, Irving,
Johnson, Klindt and Logan.
Albany Democrat: One drummer told
another on coming- Into Albany that
there were 13 places here where a drink
could be gotten any time- by anyone.
The other man, also a frequent visitor
at Albany, said he knew better,- To set
tle the matter they started out and spent
an hour vainly trying to get a drink.
al Institution to Great Britain and to
the whole wold can hardly be esti
mated. ' The English government very
wlauly- ha-pwideer-44at Jt shall be
open on Sunday afternoons, when great
numbers of people, who otherwise would
be unable to use the museum, take -advantage
of this opportunity. Students
especially are made very welcome to
pursue thoir researches among its vast
stores of historical objects. An Idea of
the great number of people who make
use of the' Institution may be gained
from the fact that in 1900 ntarly 700,
000 visitors registered.
Among the British museum treasures
are large and valuable collections of
Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Assyrian
antiquities, gathered at great expense
and sometimes brought away from the
countries in which they were procured
only under almost overwhelming diffi
culties. There are also extensive col
lections of coins, medals, and ancient
and modern manuscripts. -
The cost of maintaining such an in
stitution -is enormous. " This expense is
born by the national treasury, and some
times reaches the amount of $750,000
for swingle . year. ..iThia -of--cou rsa in
cludes the salaries of the various of
ficials and employes. It would-seem
that this was a large sum to expend for
the support f o a museum, but when we
consider how Inestimable is thevslue
of its collection of sculptures and other
works of art to the artist, and Its
antiquities to the student and historian,
twe see that the outlay is small In pro
portion to the value from an educational
standpoint. The government has seen
to the interests of the library by causing-
aeopy- of - every - book.-pamphlet,
and piece of. music published In Great
Britain to be sent to the museum. ;
Tomorrow -The Museum of Vienna.
moralize the ehtlro routine of the
schools-'. . r , - - -
Let the child be estimated according
to lis mgnesi pronciency which will
roster nis sen , respect. Let it be
taught that it Is, no -disgrace to find
any certain study harder than snothnr.
the disgrace being only in the lack of
application. This method would at
least have the virtue of inciting the
pupil to do his best even if failure was
certain in one branch, a condition that
does not obtain under the present sys
tem, ana eacn cruia would have - a
chance to develop a little individuality,
a consummation most devoulljto be
wisnen. - - . a PARENT. .
. Taft's Cabinet.
Wnlton, Or., .Feb. 18. To the Editor
of The Journal I wish you would
kindly publish the names of ths cab
inet officers of President Taft's cabi
net . , A. E. WHITAKEe!
Secretary- of stater-Philander C
Knox, , of Pennsylvania.
. Secretary of treasury--Franklin Mao
Veagh. of Illinois. ;
Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson,
of New York.
Secretary of navy George von Ii
Meyer, of Massachusetts,
Secretary of interior Walter . L.
Fisher, of Illinois.-
Secretary of agriculture James Wil
son of Iowa. .
Secretary of commerce and labor
Charles Nagel, of Missouri.'
Attorney general George W. Wlcker
sham of New York.
.Postmaster general Frank Hitchcock
of New York. - - i "y
A Real Stransrcr's Club.
Portland, Or., Feb. 17. To tho Editor
of The Journal! wish to answer an
editorial of this week's Journal, en
titled "A Home for Strangelrs." -
We have at Twenty-fourth "- and
Broadway a real strangers' club; a wel
come is there for all. No matter what
your creed, but rather , we Inquire is
your need. . . . ,
, Jennie Fiske, who complains of the
un-Christlan spirit of other churches
should visit our neighborhood church
and-see what a goodly number will be
there to greet the stranger, whether
they are .rich or poor. ,
" Our minister Is a practical man, and
is here to help his fellow man in llfe'b
struggles. -' .
A WELCOMED STRANGER,
Property Right of Wife.
Troutdale, Or, Feb, 18. To the Edi
tor of .The Journal If a man acquires
real estate before marriage and wishes
to dispose of It af ter marriage can his
wife prevent it? SUBSCRIBER.
No, but unless she Joins in th con.
veyanoe she retains her dower interest
in me property.
Thinks Poor Mao Will Suffer
Barlow, Or., Feb, 20. -To the Editor
or xna Journal Single taxers state
that they will increase the tax On land
ah the"" speculators 11 wfll
Wrfat will the man do who buys the
land? 1 If the taxes are going to be too
high for the rich jnan, voh, you poor
man." C. W. OUTIIOUT.
Dcil C5 a Dccr::nil
y 3, 03
Wl:en the initiative and referendum
amendment to the Oregon : constitution
was submitted to the people by the leg
islature. The Oregonian hazarded the
conjecture that It would ultimately fail
In the courts, for precisely the reason
now cited by ' the circuit court- in de
claring it invalid namely, -that' other
amendments were pending and rendered
its enactment illegal. This view ha
obtained by the unanimous verdict if
the four circuit court Judges. We assume
mat tneir decision will stand, whether
reviewed by the supreme court or not. So'
there is an end of the noor nM thln
at last, and its death Js beyond resus-
uiiauun, . .j
For its advocacy of the amendment in
1 C Q O K . . . . . ...
" v. B".C11X HUB I1U UillBI LIUII -
or occasion now to. apologize. The fact
remains, now as then that such an in
strument of the popular will would in
evitably act as a deterrent upon corrupt
legislation. It would be an anchor when
both governor and legislature failed.
The merits of the case are not .affected,
either, by the combination of politics
which brought the amendment its ef f eo
tlve support, or by the fact that its
first Invocation was In behalf of tin-
worthy and discreditable purposes. In
tneory tne referendum is not at all cen
surable for the effort of wildcat mines
to nuinry the corporation tax. railroad
machination against the portage roal
or the abortive effort of painters and
carpenters to put the Lewis and Clark
ftntenntal out of business jirrd thu es
cape the danger of work on-exposltlon
buildings. , ' c
But in praotice this vengeful trlnltv
of . loot, labor and lunacy has stabbed
me referendum to death for all future
time. They tried to put It In supreme
power, but with such faultless inaccu-
racy that It can never recover from
their i attentions. Thrice unon the
Lupercal, etc., but now lies it there and
none so poor to do it-reverence. Tho
pen ot Cowglll, the arrow of bold CocW
Robin and the hammer of the Carpen
ters' union have done the business. They
are all honorable men, but rrievously
hath the lato lamented5 imitative
andLrefundunv- answered it.. He. will
be ' bold, Indeed, Who offers to
launch the shipwrecked' craft again
upoa Ths "troubled sea- of; oregorr poli
tics. The story of 1897 and its ensu
ing complications can never be duplicated.--.-
- -V .' . - ,
And therefore we propose you, gen
tlemen, the constitution of OregonJust
as it stood when signed by Matthew P.
Deady, president; Chester N. Terry, sec
retary, and M. C. Barkwell, assistant
secretary, "At Salem the 18th day of
September, in the year of-rtir Lord one
thousand eight hundred 'and fifty
seven, and of the independence of the
United States the eighty-second," and
ratified "by the people November ( fol
lowing, by a vote of 7195 to $195. . It
survived the Civil war and has weath
ered the storms of populism. May we
all live to celebrate .its seml-oentennlal
In the harvest days of 1907.
ON SPRING, GENJLE SPRING
King Winter sobs a sad goodbye,
As .gentle Spring appears,
The lovelight shining in her eye
She brings us hopes and fears.
She enters at the valley's mouth
On, wines of iov nnd love.
Brlnglpg a sephyr.from tha south,--...
Like the coo of a turtle dpve.
. - .
By heck, I can't write mushy stuff,
for people holler:. "Hold! Enough!"
They say In one large, loud refrain
"You've got a puncture in your brain." ;
And though I'm full of sad, sweet dope,
and prunes and songs of love and hope.'
whene'er I put it into rhyme the read
ers knook me every time aftd stand up
straight and yell and bawl: "Aw cut
it out; go hire a.hall." ,
..The robin redbreast on the bough
Is chirping somewhere-even-now.
The meadow lark at break of day
Wll soon go warblinC on fits way,
Anrt. flAui&ra ion af haantv. rar . i, j.
Will waft their perfume on the air, -While
lads and lassies,- Joyous crew,
Will meet at night and bill and coo,
It seems to me taat verse like that
that comes a-slzsllng oft the bat should
cause the high-brow folk to say: .."Ths
Tanglefoot is fine today." Instead of
that U hurts to tell, they get down on
the floor and yell and laugh arid shout
with fiendish glee ana have a lot of
fun with me. And then they say, sarcastic-like:
"By George, oi man, you've
made a strike; you've got 'em skinned
yea, every one, Including Alfred Tenny
son!".. . .. - "'. - .
In a Dilemma. .
From the New York Herald.
Prominent among -the smart set of
Cincinnati is a young wife whose multi
farious social duties occupy ' such a
large part of her time-that she has.
little to spare for her children.
Not long ago one of the youngsters
became 111 and the mother hastily sum
moned the family physlolan. She greet
ed him at the door thus:
"I am sure it's nothing serious, doc
tor; but really I wish you would find
out what Is the matter with Gladys. The
French . maid .. left .this .. morning, and
there's not a soul In the houBs that can
understand what she says."
The Rural Carrier
Contributed to The Journnl by Walt Mnson,
the famous Kansas poet. Hi pro-pwiui are a
regular feature of tuia column in Tim Doily
Journal.) ., , . ' . ' ' ' ' '
The rural postman, day-by" day, goes
on his long and toilsome way, and takes
the farmers' mall; he Jogs across. tho
hills and moors and much of hardship
he .endures for small supply of -kale.
I've seen him driving through the rain,
but never knew him to complain or read
the riot act; he pushed hfa tired old
nag along arid greeted with a. cheerful
eong the cold wet cataract, I've seen
him . when .the blizzard blew, I've seen
him when the snow storm snew, but
never heard him. roar; serene ho drives
along the trail and leaves the farmer's
green goods mall in tin box by the door.
I've seen him- when the roads f were
rough,' and when the raw, windB wei e
enough: to make a mummy cuss; h
Jolted o'er the ruts and stones that dis
located all his bones, and never raised
a fuss." His wages maWa paltry heap,
and half of It must go to keep his
wagon.Jn repair, to manicure his trusty
bay and keep its stomach full of 'hay,
but he does not despair. I've seen no
rural postman-yet who made It his life
" 1 FBr6somt T s"
'fieatknto rrer aiui wtiine fthimt-bhr-ttttT
6 to -Eell, 1 duty calls him to th fnnfl
out complaint he takes his load,
Coptrlglit, 11)11, by .' tS.Mjyt
tieorga Uatthaw Adam.