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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1910)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND.
i . . -. JL-'S
WEDNESDAY EVENING, ' DECEMBER
AN IN'dEPEkJkST NEWSPAPER.
8 ACKSOS . , ,.
s. Hitb and VambUl atweta. Portland. Or.
1-nn.mUwioa Uirousk tba Sialla ecooadt
"K...-;i'HOJtM - Main. Tip; Home,
11 d-partmetita roacbed by "min;
'it-U the opwator what depftnnt yon wt.
r'Of.KIGX ADVERTISING RE. KT-
s;s Filth oue, Kew J0OTs woyef
tiuiMlng. Chloge. ' ifi ' -- " '
S.irwlnfioa T-rm. b m ,V!L?.d'lr!M
.a tba United SUtee, 'ntda of Mexico.
ne jrear...?...'.fS.M I One moot....
One rr.....T..-.i 1 One month....
DAItT AND 80NDAT.
One Tr.. 87.80 1 One month....
A man without a wife is but
half a man. Franklin. , .
acquire exact knowledge of facts. If
facts - disclose defects and demand
remedies, apply, the tests.: See. if
the administration of thelaw rather
than Its essence be in fault Use
the best tools in the best handa and
industriously, and patiently , apply
the laws' we bare before discarding
the old and Inventing new.
If this policy' wants brilliancy,
surely It Is reasonable.., . And it be
longs to .president, lair, ana can oe
most clearly read In this long mes
sage. ' ' . ,
OREGON FARMS AND FARMERS
interests, Just as Smith, does ta New
Jersey. One is "a "-. Republican, ' .the
other-a Democrat, but for all prac
tical purposes they are in entire ac
cord and are equally Inimical to the
common people's interests. ' j . , i '
dustrial horizon now that to them looks
In the least like a threatening cloud.
As it la in Detroit, so It must be
in a general aspect, in other cities.
The calamity croakers' are out' of
season. . :.-i. ;-' . '-. ' " - '-v
, RECIPROCITY WITH CANADA
The January number of the Pa
cific Monthly, Just out, is of more
than ordinary attraction and excel
lence. ; Among the articles of pe
culiar interest are: "On the .Trail
of DrJCook," by C. E. Rusk; "Story
TO INVESTIGATE THE EXPRESS
COMPANIES - -
TrHE Interstate Commerce com
, missi6n, it is announced from
Washington, is about to enter
noon a thorough investigation
of Uie express companies pf the coun
try, with a view to determining the
reasonableness , of their, rates, ;, coa
sirred in connection iwlth thd in
vtments involved In establishing
and maintaining their business.: Ev
erybody who has looked into the
matter at all knows that me rates
nf all the exDress companies are un
reasonably higher are extortionate,
and there can be no doubt that on a
full and fair Investigation the com
mission will, find - them so and or-
rtpr a reduction, as under the law
passed last yeaf it has the authority
': A presumably reliable estimate of
the net capital Invested in thelrbusl
ness by ..the four, leading..- express
companies is a little, less than f 12,
000,000, yet their net earnings are
said to be about U.715,000, or more
than 55 - per cent. More detailed
complaints state that ' the returns
from the capital actually employed
range from 43 to 115 per cent,; or
more. Though less than , $12,000,
000 ; la invested in the business the
canital of these four companies ag
gregates $36,000,000; ' and their
gross assets, are given as $119,534,
053. .-. - ' -: -,
It Is high time that the rapacity of
these companies was curbed and
that they were required to serve the
public . at reasonable rates, that
would, yield them a fair and liberal
income, which would be" perhaps one
third. or one-fourth the amounts that
they are now requiring patrons to
nav. . Not only have these compan
ies charged extravagant rates - dur
ing many years, but they have been
for a quarter of a century the prin
cipal baleful Influence at wasning-
ton In opposition to a parcels post
law. such as all other civilized coun
tries have. This may have been a
heavy expense for them, but it was
not a legitimate one, and they are
not entitled to charge it up as such,
There Is In fact no vry good or
strong reason why the' government
should not carry , people's packages,
up to a certain weight, as well as
their letters and periodicals, but it
the, business Is to be left to the ex
press companies they must do-the
business on reasonable , terms, ; So,
It is to be hoped, the commission
and the courts will decide. , ;
HE standpatters who say that
there ls. no demand in Canada
for ' reciprocity, are mistaken
through Stupidity or ignorance L. . Mclean Political Refiieftfl." hv
or ODsnnaieiy ciing r iaise prv Gutierrez de Lara; "Narrative of
sentations, as mey am wnen las? ft ghanghaied Whaleman,": by Henry
persisted inai mere was no aemauu clock; "The Present and Future
In. this country for a revision or tne Af cTj,atAPT1 . n Randall n.
CHTEMl'S'amansr us ukine tariff downward, and no widespread
Hnwarrt? ""Th Wst and' rh Narlmi-
notes, and faith, he'll prent ana anusuai proiesi agaiai lu al Capital," by John E. Lathrop, and
it!" Oregon's farms and Payne-Aiaricn tann iaw. mere w Three Kings" a Christmas po-
farmers are to: La bronerht ltt fact a strong and growing sentl- w o m S. Wood. The number
into the lime . light of the Saturday nwni in nau ,.wr 6cuu.up, i Js finely Illustrated throughout.
Evening PosU, and in order to get reciprocity, ana it is especially, BironB
the most readable story, that million among the agriculturalists. , as an j General , Santa Claus will have
and a halt circulation, paper has sent, evidence of this a train carried more subordinates, assistants and
Emerson Hough, to get' material. ' ' 1000 of the most influential farmers employes from now till Saturday
It is to be hoped that hj will get ot the Domipion to uttawa last wees night in fact, has had for many
all sides' or the conditions. The in- w utz Jef procjty in iraae wuu days past than any mlliury gen
trvewpf hfttnir interviewed, tell ns United States. 1 Not all Canadians eral or captain ot industry, or , any
a little of his'advance Impressions, ireer traae wun-vnw cuumrj, i8Core or hundred of them combined,
for which i'-we are : thankful. ' He but there, as nere, u is onjy uie oen- eTer ha!l He-g a tremendous per
warns n first by the examples of ewiaries of prohiomva protecuon Bonage, old Santa.
TTatiRim and STehraska aealnst the Who are against it. A large ana uu-
(In a recent critical article In the
London Athenaetim is1 the sentence:
"In point of ' power, workmanship and
feeling, amonc all the poems written by
land oemra wWhrins- tW apttipr eral measure of reciprocity a long
i r(m kten toward tree trade, would be
there and get out leaving him to do vastly beneficial; to, both countries
the best he can. But . Oregon Is not As the Boston, Globe says; ,
hit, her withers are unwrtrng. for .? We manufacture a host of thlnp
h Hnveiotimeiit : inaes. who fol- that . the average Canadian wanta,
low the foTttrnes of the new corners aaa w are greauy in neea ui me Americans, we are inclined to ,-flve
of 1 ft 0 9- and 1910 ' renort' that not 1 raw material which abounds in Can- first -place tQ Xlombua,' by Joaquin
less than ninety per cent ot he new ada. so it .looks as If SBSiU lay m m Azor,
Mmcra. hare fonnd home and re1 opportunity and a basis tor a reel- Behind the Gates of Hercules:
already: absorbed into , the citizen- ' BlUVo$
$hip of Oregon. " ; ever, are certain: ( Canada can t ex- good mate 8aid: 3 "Now.: we m
Tho tal nf tha OrApnn n nnMN Pect reciprocuy f vtiwuui uio.rn.iuB
annpaia to our visitor and riffht.lv. some concessions, and we can't ex
niwtwt trtanMv hh'' on for I pect it unless we also are ready to
them he cannot say too much .to nrnkq concessions. Anything short -tbt men rrow mntinena day by days
nlease ns. ' But now about the "new of mutual yieldings will not be reel- Mymen irrow 'iiwUrwu andweafc.-
Ha of aettiera" h dARtvat Are procity. but an attempt by each to
tbe "hroiipbt out hv Mia land hoom. deceive the other,, a euuauon sure
lng people in a Pullman car, and to Drln8 about unpleasant results."
rtnmtwMi Hown in . i hri,Bh So far. unless recently, our gov
i1ert' Ta 'Manrf wvmtne ntxv. emment PSS never Sincerely siwuiyv
nle" that do most of that work are ed reciprocity. Its pretended efforts They ; Rilled and sailed
the already: settled settlers. The have been Insincere and farcicaJ.Jt
back tide of correspondence that time that honest, earnest efforts
ior ireer traae wnn uur utaiwi,
neighbor , were made. '
For lo. the very stars are rone.
Brave AdrnVl sneak: what shall I savT
vwny say, sail on i sail on; sail onr
The stout mate thought of home; as
Of salt wave washed his swarthy
"What shall I say. brave admVl. sav.
If we Bipht naiiRht but seas at dawn 7
sail oni sail ons aau on: sail onr -
Only three days more, kids.
e . " '
Remember the sick and suffering.
It can't be a morry Christmas
Woudn't an antl-treatinx law. cause
more treating? ' .
'e e .
Insamuch as ye did it unto one- of
the least of these n -4 t
Portland Is all ready to make a lot
of new records next year.
Every' Christmas season should leave
the world somewhat better. , . i i '
Better a Red Cross' stamp on a Christ
mas present than a price tag.
Don't acorn the little, cheap1 things:
they may have the roost real value.
It is more In what one Klves than In
what one gets that happiness consists.
ADDarenUv a rood many oeoole who
shopped early are 'also shopping late. '
The bridegroom to not always the only
happy man at a wedding; often dad U
Don't think too much about the Jan
uary bills; sufficient unto the day are
its trouoies. v.;
. , ,.,.,'. -e e . .' ;,.. " - . - .
The Hawthorne bridge ought to be a
good one; it cost enough and people
waited ior it long enougn
The ex-klnr of Portufral Is said to be
impecunious, but it has not been report
ed tnat lie is doing any Manuel laoor.
We really haven't any great amount
of symnathv for the suffering people
who are doing their Christmas shopping
i .- .; . . e e
Santa Claus Is a standpatter in cus
tom and principle, but progressive in
method; he brings new torts of things
A few Inches of snow next Saturday
would belp to make a jolly Christmas
fills the mails with the stories of
famine's who have come, have seen
the fair Oregon lands, who . have
breathed ' her healthy air, who are
tilling her fertile soil, who have' re
ceived the' grasp of neighborly
friendship those letters are onr
Our visitor will find yet another
BRITISH MUNICIPAL TRAMWAYS j
Until at last the blanched mate said:
"why, not even God would know r
Should I and all mv men fall dead.
These very winds forret their way.
For God from these dread Deas is
" . arone: : ....... :.
Now speak, brave AdrnVl, speak, and
" say ' '
He said: "Sail ont sail on! sail on!"
I They sailed. They sailed.
tne mate: .;
"Tbis mad sea shows Its teeth to-
. .nlcht. , .. . . '
He curls his Hps. he Ilea In wait.
with lined teetn as if to Duel
1TIE KEY TO THE PRESIDENT'S
. MESSAGE . , . .
.RESIDENT TAJT'S thirty thouS'
and word , message deserves
more stndy than the average
man will give to it It shows
the conscientiousness of a most com
petent and painstaking judge, who
finds it his duty, to master every de
tail of the- case before him and
then. and not till then, does he de
liver himself of his conclusions.
His anxiety to lead all who read
to share his convictions, and to do.
i each of them, bis , part when . the
. time to 'act arrives, is responsible
' for the mass ot detail and the labored
statement of tacts which make the
: message but dull reading.
But It la clear that a policy has
been applied, bit by bit, to each and
'all the departments of the govern
ment of this great nation. The mes
sage reveals. his success. .. .
Dealing in turn- with the treas
ury ' department, the Philadelphia
mint, the collections at the port of
New York, the post office, the navy
department , and others . in Jes8 de
pre, the expenses ot government are
reduced by $53,000,000 below the
' appropriations for 1910.
, True it .is that the results may
rightly be apportioned between the
- president and his administering offi
cers." t But in the end, to president
Taft is due the credit of consistent
work in so many directions that he
may fairly claim a "policy." .The
word Is often ' used without much
-thought- But the essence of tit
seems to be the following out .of
plans of action that are connected
by a common purpose and developed
' by similar or parallel methods,
The two Ideas which govern the
most modern . investigation of husl
liess and manufacturers, are admit
ted to v be,' first, 'standard cost
units," and 'Btaff aid and. asslst
ance." The experts, examined be
fore the Interstate Commerce com
mission apply these to the opera
Hon ot tbe railroads. President Taft
has so thoroughly made, them his
own that he has tested every gov
ernment department by their aid.
on! sail on!"
Of all dark nights! ' And then a speck.
lit grew, a starlit flag-unfurled! -
it rrew to De Time s buret or aawn.
He gained a world,1 he gave that world
Its grandest lesson: "On, sail on.?
A Woman Municipal Housekeeper.
The Rev. Caroline Bartlett Crane of
Kalamazoo. Mich, has the distinction of
being the first public housekeeper in the
world. ? It la .her theory, put effectively
Into practice, says a writer In the Jan
HE United States consul at Brad
ford, England;, reports . that, it
was stated at. the recent con
ference of' the British1' Tram
answer , to his "land booming" and wayar association" that last year the Brave AdrnVl say bnt one good word:
then "get out". ideal :when he sees privately owned street railway com- V1 we, d0 when, hope i.
large farms cut up Into email ones, panics naa Deen aoie to . put asm tii iwordt leant aa a ..u
and these smaller ones taken over only about one per cent of their cap- BlUl on- u on- M1
by our immigrants, he will natural- ltal for depreciation as against three Then, pale and worn, be kept hu
ly ask, what has become of the land- and one-half per cent put by for the ABdtnttrendlghV,roUffh
poor owner of . the section Rarely I same purpose oy tne municipal tram,
has he left Oretron. renerallv he has! ways. The consul further says that
replanted his family tree In the same "excellent conditions prevail among
neighborhood in. which he and hjs tne du,ijd meiijUirwuj
family ; have grown vn; If he 'has tunhjng , electric "cars. They ; work,
been stockralsiDg or ' farming on a pnly M tonrs a week. A motorman
large scale,-It has pleased, many a Btarts. at , 12.3 7 cents per, hour 'and
land settler to buy ten or twenty works up to ', IS. 2 9 cents. ; - A , con
acres near a city or a college town, ductor begins at 11.Z5 centa per nour
not to enJoy the frtiits of idleness, and receives fa maximum oi ld.ai
bnt to. havn WorA enlnvmont of lif cents. Uniforms are supplied free uary Hampton's Magazine, that a large
than the routine and continuous em- and employes are pensioned A bo- .SK
ployment of the ranch or dairy farm nus of 1 is given; quarterly to mo- becauee men.do not know how to keep
allowed. , tormeh who have been free from ac- house. -
Oreeori has nothinr to far from, cident due to negligence." , , ' "We have waited a long time,1: says
... ... .I: . . - it. I Mrs. Crane, "hnnin that the men would
nor will the tide of settlement: to : Tnese wouia.Beem very buu waB- . - -K;. - - ' - , -,. M ,flj
her borders be turned by the com- e8 in ; tms. country; inaeea, .noooujr women, are tired of being told to. open
raents of any fair and unprejudiced would work for such pay; out it is their mouths arid shut their eyea and
hheorai. Kilt lAt TV.T XXt .., Kowb to h rememhered that" the cost of i every thing will be done for them., if
-Oregon has many 'attractions for living is far less in Great Britain Ttre.ffi must
such as he and the delegated "spy" than here. At any rate, municipal walk in -order to, reach their homes are
may return to become the settler street car systems appear to be a la part of that sphere also.". s .
cnwnca In msnv Rnrnnean cities, ml Hue tow ine recent conservaaon' con-
. r , gress In St. Paul of the simple, plain,
IS pluses that" go to reduce taxation, that under her direction have been ap-
American' cities may get around tolpiied in a number of cities, and of the
municipally owned street car systems wUen results which had .""owed.
WONG the . fast growing cities after awhile: hut not very,, soon,; not KS Z
uuwug tuw paai,,uwue wre until municipal government nas ueen speech the state board of health of
Birmingham, Ala., that in- a good deal reformed. -' , Minnesota voted an appropriation to en
creased in populaUon'from 38,- - , five -weeks of . her time. The
415 to 132,685. and Oakland; Cal., DIVE ROAD HOUSES SHOULD GO the state. .wtteW wS thi
himself in the ."Promised Land.
COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF
Baker county is over $0.000 Jn debt
A willow basket factory near Banks
Is prospering? : -
HiUsboro has two banks, and two
more In prospect..
By Miles OverUt J ' "
for the boys, but Santa Claus isn't a
Bach different element or sort of the
liquor traffic wants an ordinance to
make it easy for him and hard for the
othor fellows. ,
Judged bv the crowds in Portland
stores, this city must have a population
of about 350,000 but, many of them are
from the country. .
It is as true now as' It has been on
previous occasions that now is a better
lime man any luiure , nine wiu ue iu
get a piece of land. " .,v' y v v
,4 ., ...
The nartlea most Interested tn a bigger
army and navy are making deaporate ef
forts for Dig appropriauons now; iney
know that tbe next house, will be .Demo
cratic. , ; .
That neoHed 110 00(1 fop the Vlsitinr
Nurse association Is scarcely half se
cured yet Far more liberal , buying or
Red Cross seals should occur the rest
of the week. , ,
Women's aowns that button down tbe
front ere announced as the proper thing
from Farts. ' This is one change In
women's apparel that all married men
win heartily approve.
An eastern man asks a divorce from
his wife because she darned the socks of
their Japanese house servant Now Con
gressmen jHooson, Humpnrey ana mo
Lachlan will be surer than ever that
Japan will overrun and conquer the
United States. k ... 'U,'s;i
A correspondent of tbe London ' Mall
Is rolnr to write-- a series of articles
about the United States after a visit In
this-country of 38 hours, spent in New
York. Washington and Philadelphia, and
on trains between those cities. ; what
he doesn t know, about this country
would make longer and , perhaps more
Independence will probably pave three
streets next year.
Development work on the Ontario oil
wll will be resumed.
... ......,. ..
Riff Imorovements are promised ,in
Hillsbo,ro, says the Argus. .
A HiUsboro narsnlp Is 81, Inches long
and 4 inches in diameter..
T-mn .tn w,niTlt hlllldlnK. 70X118
feet, will be erected In Springfield.
Womiuf near IallaS cleared $2200 on
her prune crop raised on .11 acres.'1-
Morrow county, has only .ISO more In
habitants than it had 20 years ago, .
The school census of Milton this year
shows 826 as against 73 1. last. year. , ; i
...; e ::;.. ';..,..-,-, . e - ,: iv I-
Umatilla county Good Roads associa
tion recommends spending $70,000 next
BrownrriUe has a new factory that
will manufacture handle on a large
There ta much activity la the Blue
River mines, 40 miles ; southeast of
Brownsville. e e '"' "
California oil expert eay there ar
Indications of oil in tne jttcn..i"
trlct, Jackson county. . ,
Morrow county booster club In prepar
ing to do much advertising of the re
sources ot mat countjy. . , j
. v e e i
A Vale man boarded the train to look
for a missing cow and had only gone
a few miles when she appeared n sight,
and he yelled at the top of his voice,
"There's mv cow. stoD the train, and
they did. . . . . .
; w iirintion dam ' being built
on Succor creek ,by parties. to irrigate
the lands of the Succor Creek valley,
as well as a good section of bench
lands In the Homedale territory ,is mov.
lng right alohg, reports tna yaieuriu
'The Central Oregon " IrrlgaUon;cony
MMv.1-iia a .amn nf .4R men construct
no- iatrai plirht miles east of Bend.
says the Bulletin. There are 18 teams
working now and the number will be In
creased to 20. The company Is arrang
ing to organise two more similar camps,
one in Redmond, the other In the Powell
Butte district. ; . ' - i-:r:f. ' I ; '
t .HHnn' t' the new bank build-
i7 m ho entoted at Eagle Point in
the spring, at least two modern store
buildings will be erected as soon . aa
the weather permits. Eagle Point is
growing ,and will continue to grow. The
P. ft E. has built a handsome station
-rn..lA Mmnmdltt a city .Of 5000.
Many new . residences are planned for
the coming season. Streets are to be
graded. ; cement walks laid from, the
depot down town and around the busi
.imi - A . new lumber yard is
planned to meet the needs Of the grow-
mgtown., ,. v..;...-.- ,'..r:'V;-.,
a i,.nhia Bud clammy fog. com
plains the Weston Xader,. rolls up daily
fAM uuaAn i nav M.nii biivciuub uq Mai
fortunate town as with a shroud. I
kills every cheerful thought, every gen
erous Impulse, and makes a croaker out
of the Jolliest. optimist while the pes
.tu. wnniH a thtna- unendurable, and
is generally dragged off and burled after
4IVi,i homicide. This fog makes
"good wheat weather, but one is almost
impelled to say that he doesn't give , a
hang If there Is never, any ' wheat if
crops must depend upon an annual vlstf
tatfon of .this sort -And .airthe while
ik. fMh. mnnntAineers make our lot
heavier by coming to town and bragging
fog doesn't reach them. -. ,
WHEN YOU W1-:RK SWEET SIXTEKN
When I was but a little yap, my gratid-
dad Bald to me:
'"My son, when you are sixteen, why .
you'll know much more than 1."
He said: "I don't know why It is; J'm
too bl;nied old to see,
But kids, that ago know everything
- from past to bye and byo.''
When you're sixteenth years pf ago.
Then you think you're quite the ruffe.
nut you re noi,
(treat Scott! -
What you need you haven't got:
That swat! . , .
As a wise guy, . . .. s ,t -:
You're a prize guy
Mixi noi xsu: ,' ivoti ' ,.-.-'
Ten years after. I remember that-
- age was sixteen yenro, ;
Honestly. I thought the earth was
nourlv ten thirds mine: . . . '
Though I failed to make folks notice. I
relt llKe l earnea tneir enters,
For my vast amount iof knowledge;
sure I let the limelight shine. 4
When you're sixteen, you're, a wonder,
xou pry up a 101 oi uiunoer; ,
You ve a mot -
On the knot '
And you need a gentle swat -
OentleT wot: .
Folks should turn yon on the grass,
Till you've learned a little class.
You're a hummer, , f
You're a comer- ' ' : .
KiXl oi ui rtvii -: ., ,
- Nil TIT RUMBLES.
A nmt little thing out at Lenta ,
Had a dollar and sixty-eight cents,
And the next day tne omaiaen,
with fhrlntmas (rifta laden.
Came home with a box labeled, "GemffcT
HOW LONO, O LORD, HOW LONG?
A. O Lomrnecker has been found '
(rnllty of dlspcnalnjf near beer in' Uma
tilla oounty. ' '
roh, mamma. I wish I bad a necic
like a giraffe." said the little girl; H I v
could taste my Ice cream longer."- r
LET TSR RIP. ,
Mrs. ' Rlnner of Butte has- ripped
through two marriage, on divorce and.
Is ripping at another., ' Her first name to
NOT Jack-tha. .
December 21 in Histbrjr Sir Jolin Coventry
which- grew from 6 6,9 6 Q in 1 9 0 0 to
150,174 in 1910. Both these cities,
by i an overwhelming popular.: rote
have recently decided to adopt, the
commission plan of governmenL-The
eve' of a housekeerier. and renort : Now
county court .very properly those cities are getting the house-ciean-
rfnffu1 the ri ff Inn a license. 1 ing or tneir uvea. : .-.
my .,4 M.i., - come time aKQ ine meai: oi. puuuc
, 41110 wi . vw service grew so stroitg in her heart that
for this decision,' One waa thatjMrB.oane resigned her pastorate and
erowth of these cities indicatea that a maiorlty Of the residents of linn-1 devoted her entire time to civic work.
M ..ft.. .1. -., t nMn nnnmorf . ihe llcpnnp tsne organisea tne women a i.rvc xm-
iuW viU6lCtiTO iu W'" ! -1m looo.,,. oryA ; .tariA . nnt
municjpaiiues, ana not ngeiy to xnis reason aione was auuiweui. cut lean up Kaiamazoo, which sadly needed
make a tnree-to-one mistake or inere was a Droaaer one, waica xne cleaning at that time. - Mrs. crane or-
Judgment as to the style of govern- court could not well ignore; the place fered to take charge of the street dean-
ment they want after having watched: Jias been a madorous resort such n' grhercha7g7"oT8Tx
other cities that hare adopted the a place should be suppressed wnetn- block. on iIaln rtreet for three months.
commission plan.-?;'v 'V :k:::-vii..'jer'' a"' majority, of the "voters of the I Mrs. Crane InsUtated the plan of "white
At nr(RAnt 9R hMab bava nr!nntd vieinltv nnMHnn for or aerainst it. . wlngr' nana woraers ana soon naa ner
the commission form of government iThere are other places In Uhe !!!V0: "rhT,
7 in Iowa, ?0 in Texas,: 19 in Kan- county ' outside the city limits thatFor certain allotted space of atreet
sas. 7 in South Dakota 5 in Massa- a!re -of mdeh the sai character. Kalamazoo had been expending? : J8.39.
chusetts, 10 in Oklahoma, 6 in Ten- They '' are- the rendezvous of 'lrres'
nessee, 4 in California 3 ln North ponsible and immoral Joy riders who
Dakota and 1 or 2 in each of ten are a pest la any civilized communi
other states.- Besides these; Pitts-hf," Their orgies in these1 places re-
butg and Buffalo are movinfor this suit In frequent wrecks of automo-
cnange, ' and progressive people in biles,, tne breaking or neaas .ana
many other cities are considering it. bones, and sometimes fatal casual-
Tbe commission, form of govern- ties, . -
ment is not a cure-all for all munici- But in ' addition to these Items
pal evilB, nor an end-all for all mu- there is the disgraceful feature of
niclpal problems: it has Its difficul- the case, r This . gives ine county
ties and disappointments; but so far and city an, unenviable Teputatlon.
it appears to be a great improvement It is not such bachannal road house
on. the ordinary diffused style of dives that help to give a community
government generally in vogue, and a good '. name or make it attractive
is well, worthy of consideration: by to desirable people . quite the coft-
the1 people of Portland. ' trary. - , .... ,
The - LInnton neighborhood, ana
Governor-Elect Fobs, campaigning the county, can ; congratulate them
in Massachusetts against the reelec- selves on the suppression of - the
tion of Senator Lodge, as Governor- Cliff Inn; and care should be taken
Elect Wilson is doing in onnositlon that it fn nnt resnrrected. " " L '
to James Smith,. Jr., in New Jer-
sey,. says: - f'It is not a question Speaking, of the outlook for 1911,
whether a Republican or a Democrat a newsoaner of Detroit, which - has
shall fill this vacancy, It is purely become a great manufacturing city
a question whether the man shall savs: '. ' l '
mpaanrft nn tn tha rnnlrpmpnta nf ; Not . one of .the scores of companies,
the times and the needs of the pb- employing yrud?h'nen
,.. ' , . ' , . nroduclng hundreds t of v thousands . oi
sition." This Is true wholesome doc- JjoU4,. worth 0f, goods 'every, month,
trine. Which party a, senator adheres sounded a ' note of pessimism. ; They
to is of little consequence these days:' look forward to a bigger and bet-
n bi bttrtrv fif his fldminlRtrft- .hf,, ,m onrQiifciioLteL.caratJhO-amft.-um
: J, V-v ' : c- w .-.i.e.Ml..e.r7-ran?TwlM that, this year of grace
x ioiTik A raw n by hi m
Turning, then to the advice the
rrwldent tenders about legislation
for the immediate future, the same
iKilicv appears. Before loglKlatiog
'.if v .:, . ; - .-, -ly--:--:-'
serve the people Is the important con- 1910 was as good aa could be auked. Not
slderatiOtt. ; Lodge is a scholar and one" , of them expects to bo compelled to
a man of "much 'ability, but he rep- c to; ftt ,th '.w
, , ' . . . - Nearly- all of tlnm-' hope to -Increase
respnte only the New England trusts, ,eir output, and, consequently, employ
combines, corporations and financial more men. There ia nothing on the la-
Mr. Crane cleaned the same space for
$5 and banded the extra $3.39 back to
the department. . Before her three
months had elapsed -the city had adopted
her plan. ,
This waa only . the beginning. Mrs.
Crane and her Civic Improvement league
next went after Kalamazoo's food sup
ply'. They visited the slaughter houses,
the dairies, the martteta, and tne reports
they - turned in to the 4 clubs' the
churches, and the newspapers were
Btartilng that the town almost lost Its
appetite. The result of the league s ex
posures, was a law providing for muni
cipal inspection of meat, milk and all
market products. - All the public Institu
tions in the vicinity Of Kalamazoo were
next brought under- the Inspection of the
league. The almshouse was found to
be in a shocking condition of neglect
The women cleaned It up. Other Insti
tutions were examined and found lack
lng. ' The . women supplied their wants.
or rather they made the proper author!
ties supply them. t,: - m--'V -.m
" Having t made Kalamazoo 2 into the
"spotless town" of the northwest, Mrs,
Crane continued,, by means of writing
and .Jecturing, to preach the gospel of
civic, cleanliness and. order. :, Soon dls
tant cities began to send for this public
housekeeper,' to tell .? them : their Own
.'' The ' : most ( valuable part "of Mrs.
Crane's , work If .that It has proved "in
almost every case permanent Her visit
and Inspection Is followed by organiza
tion of effort to bring about tbe changes
suggested by. her. After her visit to
Kentuukythc ..Icsilalaaura-, paaaedstt
healtti laws that were a generation In
advance of those Mrs, Crane criticised
A f ji montlis after her Inspection of
Naanvllle they had cleaned the public
market and laid new sidewalks through
out the town. Calumet, HL, waa changed
lii a year lrom.a mining, camp Into
A strange scene was enacted In Lon
don on the night of liecember 21, 1M9.
Near Suffolk street were, assembled . 18
or 20 of his majesty's guards, mounted
and unmounted, under tbe command of
Sir Thomas Sands and the sop of the
Earl of Inchiquln.' From 10 o'clock to
2 they waited Impatiently for the com
ing of Sir John Coventry, whom they
expected to pass on bis way home from
tne tavern at .which he supped. ' At
length , he came, and, divining ; their
hosula purpose at a glance. Sir John
snatched a flambeau from his servant
and, drawing his sword, placed bis back
against the wall and bravely defended
himself ( with both .weapons. He suc
ceeded "in, dashing O'Brien and some
others of his assailants to the ground,
but was forced to succumb to superior
numbers. After they had disarmed him
the cowardly rew. threw him down and,
cutting his nose to the bone, left him.
Thla atrocious act waa, perpetrated
In accordance with , the orders of the
Duke of Monmouth, Coventry's pro
fessed friend; but the actual Instigator
was .Charles II himself. T,n a parlia
mentary committee, of ways aiad means
a motion had been made, "That towards
the supply every one that resorts to
any dt the playhouses, whoi slta In
boxes, shall pay one shilling; every one
who sits In the pit shall pay six pence,
and every other person three pence. -
This was opposed by the court party
on the ground that .the' players were
the king's servants and a part of bis
pleasure. , Whereupon Sir John Coven
try pertinently, but Indiscreetly asked,
"Whether the king's pleasure lay among
the. men or the women that acted?".
This , Was touching Old Rowley too
near to be pleasant and It did not need
much argument; to persuade Charles
that If f the offense were allowed to pass
unpunished reflections on royal weak
nessea would become- dangerously com
mon. And so the kmg, forgetful of ob
ligations : incurred by the ' fugitive
Charles Stuart determined to make an
example of Coventry, and carried out
his resolve despite ;the ; remonstrances
of his brother. ,- . . :s " '
Parliament was furious at the indig
nity offered to one of its members on
the very night after its adjournment
and made It the first subject for con
sideration upon reassembling. The re
sult of their deliberations was the pars
ing of an act banishing tbe principal
actors the ...affair, with a -special
clause rendering them lnpapable of re
ceiving the royal pardon; while to pre
vent a recurrence ofMhe offense, the
cutting, maiming . and . disfiguring - of
any man was made felony without bene
fit of clergy and puniabaoie by death.
The Coventry act as it waa, called, re
mained on the statute book till tba year
1828, when It was repealed.
It Is a curious circumstance that
Pepys records the fact that Sir Wil
liam Coventry, uncle to Sir John, medi
tated, anout nine months previous to
the outrage on his nephew, a similar
revenge to that taken by Charles. Sir
William fancied that KlUlgrew intended
to bring him upon the stage, and be
accordingly gave the dramatist to un
derstand that if any of his actors "did
offer anything like- representing him
that he would not complain to my lord
chamberlain, which .was too Weak, nor
get him beaten as Sir - Charles. Sedley
Is said to have done, but that he would
cause his, nose to be iilt"
Today Is. the birthday of t Thomas
Becket, archbishop , of Canterbury
(1117); John Kepler, distinguished as
tronomer (1671); Mary Virginia Ter
hune ("Marion Harland"), - author
(1831), and David 'I Brainard, Arctic
explorer (1865). Today is the date of
the death of Giovanni Boccaccio, cele
brated tale writer (1375); Catherine of
Braganza, queen of Charles II of Eng
land (1705).' and Rev.' Dr. Harris, emi
nent clergyman and author (1866). k On
December ' 21, . Benjamin Franklin
reached Paris as ' envoy to France
(1776) ; the famous Virginia resolution
was passed (1798), and Sherman fin
ished his march to the sea (18(4). v
Secret Report" of Jingoes. Y ;
t:- '', : From the Denver Post' ;"'
Let It be understood right here, and '
now and you may stick a pin, .even a
hatpin, t through it if you wish the
American people ara patriotic; they will
fight for their flag, they will aufer
for a cause, they will march to.. their
death for their country today, just .the
same as they always have been willing
to do when war clouds lowered, or' a for
eign foe menaced. .
Don't get away from that point but
don't set the people down as, being
fools, either I " ,v 'v '. ' ' '
It would seem that those In charge of
the war and navy, departments had re
sorted to a cheap and tawdry trick to
frighten the public Into the belief that
an enlarged army and a double navy
were absolutely necessary at once. -:,
All right! If they are. the peopU .wlll
provide them and pay for them!i -But.it
will take something mora than a 'secret
report" filed and withdrawn -something
more than, the swish- of an imaginary
black flag of war something mora than ;
tbe shadow pictaro, of a threatanad for- 8
elgn lnvaslcm to convince them that an
emergency is at hand. . 'vr '..: ,;
The secretary of warfllet a report
in which he holds up hl'a hands in hor
ror at an - "only too apparent ' national
weakness.' Tbe nmntander of the army j
sends ill ? brief tellinB'of tlre-; utter
helplessness of Uncle . Sahi in the Pa
ciflo states. Just enough of these docu
ments are given ont ta arouse the public ;
curiosity and to attempt to make the
public hair stand on , end.' , ' ' i
Then the" reports are balled In, and ;
the " people are left In darkness, ' that
they may become afraid afraid of the
gloom that surrounds them, ; 1 .
Out of it all never fear will come
the demand for many' new;battleablps, ;
more, sailors to man them, and an army i
almost twice: the size of the present
body, '.-.r.1; f :-.- :,
If there to. any war speck on. tpa
horizon it must be In the direction of
Japan, and the country thought that
dot had disappeared long ago, Tba race
question has. been settled, and If there
Is any other troublesome problem to be
solved no one baa beard anything of it
for a long time. - . v -::r ..j
: Yet we are toltV rn a wbtspar, and, -oh,
so. secreUy that a foreign foe in
30 days could land ,204,000 men m the
racinc coast, wow up tne . mountain
passes, cut off the east from the west
and (that it would require years and a
billion dollars to 'dUted'-';':' ' "
We listen lmot appalled but 'tba
wonder grows what , Uncle Sam would
be doing during those SO dayay n- if
something besides mountain paaees
would not be blown up, whether a "for
eign foe": would not suffer a ''little cat
ting off, and whether some one else
would not be spending a few dollars.
One can almost Sea the framing of ,
these reports well nigh hear the con
versatlon behind-closed doors. '-- ; '
"Now, we fix this thing up, and send
it in. , Just enough of it will leak out
to scare 'em. They'll clamor for the'
rest' but we -won't give it to 'emj until
they're ' thoroughly frightened. Little I
by little we'll tell 'em how weak they ?
are, how the country is in danger, tne -flag
likely to b disgraced, and j n ,
two months they'll be demanding a
dozen battleships f and an ; increased .
standing army. Then we can give Tom,
and Dick, and Harry good Officers' Jobs,
and every thing'H be fine." .. jt. Iu .
And it need not be forgotten that this
is ths last whack the ar.my and navy
ring will bays at the treasure for soma '
time toome.,, ,The ; next congress will i
be Democratic,' o--. 'v, ;Vti.-.';i. : '.
modern town' with parks,' good streets
and an organized system of public relief.
Nothing to Pea rom Japan. !
From the Seattle .:P6st-Intelligencer. 1
.: The alarm expressed by a ; few per
sons .at , tkeS national capital over a
lack of ' defenses on this coksti may
cause many'.' timia persons io ueuevB
that Japan Is contemplating an assault
of some sort On this, coast - Of course
that Is error, ill fn absurd. .. Japan , is
thinking of ho such thing. There lis
at the moment no reason for a break
between the two: countries. '
On the contrary such unsettled dip
lomatic differences as exist V between
Japan and -America are In process of
peaceful diplomatic :, settlement, and
they will be satisfactorily ; adjusted In
due season. ? Moreover, lapan is In no
condition to invite a quarrel with this
country, even If grounds for a quar
rel , existed. - Japan has not recovered
from J the struggle with, Russia, and
Japan, knows also ; that it would ;be
disastrous for the empire at this time
to turn its back on Manchuria. Rus
sia Is .still looking toward the sea, and
Japan's aspirations in Manchuria and
in Korea might, come to a sudden' end
the Pacific. ' '
Behind the excited speculation at the
national Vapital lies the -larger fact
that the three most powerful, govern
ments, Br far as the orient is con
cerned.' from a " military knd naval
standpoint, -are interested in, maintaln-
ing peace oh the Pacific. '.These powers
are America, Great Britain, and Japan,
and it is not too much to say that
peace on the Pacific depends upon
these powers; There Is not the slight
est indication t that the present ' good
accord will be disturbed, and the alarm
ists should quiet their, fears. , ,
Great Gold and Copper Prospects.
From the Joseph Herald.
Fabulously rich strikes are reported
from all of the numerous rich gold and
copper prospects in .the Joseph district
Samples of ore are being brought in
daily 'which;; if from some inaccessible
place like Alaska or some horriblo dess
ert like Nevada or Africa, Would cause
such a - wild stampede : of , prospectors
that they would break their arms, legs
andneck9 in the mad scramble to get
there first. . This careless condition
can not last much longer, as capital
is about ready to, transform the Joseph:
mines Into the greatest gold and cop
per . producers the . world has ever
known. .; We have every resource here
for cheap- and profitable mining-rwlth
our vast mountains of the richest ore
(Contributed to Tbe Journal by Walt llaaon.
tbe famoni Kaniu poe;. proae-popma ar a
regalnr teatura of thla coituua ia Tbe Dally
Journal). - . ,,:,...:
It gives my wearied heart a wrench
to see such whiskers on the bench. The
highest court in-all the land" should
the respect of all command; and noth
ing should disturb tbe awe with which
we view that home of law. But how
can people, calling 'there, regard that
wide expanse of , hair' and think of any-,
thing but soap and razor strops ahd
barber's .dope? - The lawyer,' when p '
pleads -a, . case, will soe ; the ";, greens jbnl '-"i
Hughes's face, and , straightway all b1
thoughts will fly td where the fields 'of .
spinach lie. - A man can't think of iaw,
alas when " facing such , a. stretch. rof
graHs. jine.oiner juages, sitting near,
with v faces shaven, jcaim. severe. w3Il
find those whiskers tn the way 'about
ooo.times a day. ; If it should 4 charjea
that ( Justice B should turn t apeak
with Justice' D, ? eoncerhlng-' matters
most ' profound, he'll find that six, for
seven pound of "Weeping willows Inter ?
yone, and hide tha judge as with a
screen. Will law be'nurifled or cleared
a climate mat win permit wora. every
day In the year and the richest farm
ing and Btockraislng' country , In the
world. ," ',i .... ;i '
The people pauKed the new water main
ordinance; now they are beginning to
pay for it
in the world, an inexhaustible supply
94, timber,. and , watec,,rail way. iaciUtieaJ. wbun-fUUred-.-theearh-that-wltlf'spread"
bard? Will court decisions seem more
fair delivered, through Mot of bairf I
cannot think it and I hope that Justice
Hughes will ret some soap, a brtirh,
some water and a saw, and whack thoKt
tassels from his jaw. ... j -
CopjTteiit. .WW, U. V.. JJ.' ''
ieorgo Uattbev Adami. MlCXIk' a4W