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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1910)
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' VOL, VIII. NO. 294. . : , PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY, 11, 1910. TWENTY-TWO PAGES. . V PRICE , TWO CENTS. tt
; ' . - , : - : r r 7- : . - -. .. . '.'.v. ; . .' . ' . V .V ' v ' '
10 lili ML
Republican Editors Gave Big
OtVote Unfavorable to the
Speaker Independents Are
Against Him. .
HOME STATE DOE?
? NOT UPHOLD "UN CP."
Only Fifteen Republican and
Independent Papers In Ore-
. gon Favor Czar Rule.
' " (EnltM Pre- Le.aed wlra.1 -, -Chicago,
, Feb. 11. Republican news-
papers of the west today stand at a
ratio of t to I against th reelection of
Speaker Cannon to the speakership of
the next congress, while a poll shows
ratio tt 1R it 1 'aa-.tnttt' Vi I raalaeHon
piong Independent newspapers west of
fnd In the vicinity of Chicago.
The poll Was conducted by the Chicago
Tribune In the-statea of Ohio, Michigan,
Illlnola,' Indiana, Wlseonslnr Iowa, Kan.
tas Nebraska. ; Colorado. Oklahoma.
Utah,: Wyoming, Minnesota, . th Da
ktas, Montana, -Idaho, . Washington,
Oregon, California, : Nevada, Missouri,
Kentucky and Tennessee. - , ' 1 , '
,,The following questions were-asked:
,. In . Josepa . o. Cannoa, of Illlnola
your choice for speaker of the seat oon-
fressT ... v 7. .
fl. Do you Indorse the Aldrioh-Cannos
tariff law or the Aldrioh-Oannon or
ganlsatioa of the senate and boose f .
. The replies jo the first question which
th editors returned wonid have settled
the fat of the speaks? had the ballot
ing actually been among congressional
constituencies; represented.' The Re
publican editors declared agalnat Can
non 1651 strong.,' Ha waa supported by
but 48.'"- But -. 81, independent 'editors
favored his reelection, while (41 voted
Totals: For Cannon's reelection, 677i
against Ms reelection, $94. r' , t
-. AMrica-Canaoa SU1
The supporters Of the Aldrich-Cannon
Mrs. Hyde Has
Not Heard News
1 M ' 1 ! "
I I 5
- . 'i ' ' " -' A
t " .. . s,..'-,y - .. . . 1 . I
y " - 1 - ' ,,)
MAY BE MATTER
OF A FEW DAYS 1
Suffering From ; Hysteria and
Melancholia' Russian Em
press . Condition Grows
Worse. : ? ' '
MALADY SAID TO BE
AFFECTION OF BRAIN
Illness Brought on by Fear of
Anarchists and Plots to De-'
stroy the Royal 'Family.
" (United FrM iteaaed W1r.
Eydtkuhnen,- Russia, Feb It, The
ciarlna'a condition, took a aerioua turn
today.' and she was unable to recognise
the czar and their children. She Is suf
fering from the recurrent hysteria and j
melancholia to which she has been sub
ject for several yeare.. It is feared her
death may be a question of but a short
time. Dispatches concerning the cxar-
Ina s condition are being strictly cen
sored. . i , . ' '" ' ' '
' Mrs. n. C Hyde.
(United rrns Leiw4 Wire.)
Kansas City,' Mo.,-ten.-11. Mrs.- B.
C Hyde,, wife of the physician accused
of the murder of . -Colonel Thomas It
8wope, Is probably, the pnly person In
this city .today who doea not know . that
her husband has been arrested for. the
unnosed crime.' j "
London, Feb. 11.' The real nature of
the illness of the csarlna told in dis
patches today in probaby concealed by
the official censors at St Petersburg
and Eydtkuhnen. ,' Her malady is popu
larly believed to be an affection of the
brain caused by her living In constant
fear of anarchistic and nihilistic plota.
Scarcely a day passes but authentio or
fallacious Information , concerning .plots
to destroy the csar or some member Of
the royal, family reaches the palace.
Formerly, these threats. and plans efj
those .who would overthrow royalty were
told to the empress.", now they are Kept
carefully from. her. - f
The constant Tear that ner husband.
her children or herself might' b killed
mmmirry..--, ... . , . - ,. , ijggg
i i' - ' i , : ;- v'-' 4 '''' '- "' -s Vr;"::V:v. f''.-:, A 'J-.i- "''. V , ' tj
:" 3;'';v:'' '
6t ' ,... w.-.- . .J
Steam Schooner Northland of the f West Coaiit Steamship Fleet.
HFI P I ARflR
ilrs. Hyde is seriously ni and all In--T.vf414.1,0 5V- ?!!.m
formatter onceraing the-recent tnquest
into the death of Colonel Swop and
ths arrest Dr. Hyde has been 'with-
Held from her.
; Dr. Hyde,, anticipating ( tho murder
cnarge, Had arranged for bail and when
tariff and ih.ntl.o1l; Jylong
the senata and ths house were similarly -nouffh or hi. tor.v. ir-
in lu.miHj. ..U..V...U ".I is factory ponds to the court
twelve sditors declared ror tne tanrr ? Hyde was out on ball today and con-
T..m ""'""' 7 ' suitea nis attorneys. He appeared
18.-; Amonr the Independents ths r cheerful irnt ihni ... t r..
suit was J7 to S77. Totals Favorable re.t, although, expressing anxiety at the
&Tj.. Lft wiiiuii-Aiui ilu vmui kiiu. i conaiLion or nis wirs
regular', organisation, sgy; agamsi,
her mind with dire effect
' Less - than a 'year 'ago the 'czarina's
physicians ordered h,er. to1-Journey -.to
the Idedlterranean . to '' recover .' 'her
health, with the alternative of complete
loss of reason If she refused. The em
press waa willing to go until she learned
that reasons of state would compel her
to leave the czar; and czarevitch at
home. i -, vV:';-' " - J
rrti empreas refused absolutely to
listen to the. arguments of her physi
cians or her family. She would not leave
her husband and children to what she
believed would ultimately be violent
Will III SEATTLE
.L ' a
Prosecutor Conklina made no oblen-
tlon to Hvdn'i mkiaiiit nn hail r.H i I deaths,
Speaker Cannon's home state of Illl-lfact Indorsed the ; motion f tha . I Nevertheless the Imperial yacht Is
nois disapproved of hia reelection-by an dendant's attorneys. Conkllng's action sept with steam up constantly with the
overwhelming: majority, SI editors op-j caused surprise, as It la unusual f or I nope that the empress may change her
posing mm wnue oniy ss ravorea nis the prosecutor to consent to the release I mind, ana ror the purpose of taking ad
of , those charged - with murder In the I ntag'e'of her decision before she be-
first degree. .
return to the speakership.
The following table summarises the
vote on the Paclflo coast f ' Question No.
r'do you favor Cannon's reelection- Gal
ifernia: Republicans, yes 12, no 91; In
dependents, yea I, no 81. Tptal, yes 26,
r Washington Republicans, yes II, ho
1; Independents, yes none, no JJ. To
tal, yes tl, no M;. J :
Fifteen Republican and Independent
newspapers in yregon are supporters of
comes frightened and refuses to go.
(Continued on Pago .Two.)
AT FOOT OF POAS
PAY FINES FOR
Stones . Hurled .-From , Costa
Rican Volcano Find Mark far
-AwayDanger to Canal? :
San. Francisco's' Mayor An
COMBINE MEANS :
-What promises to be a : merger of
prime Importance to Portland, and in-
His Intention to c,de"til)r tolth ntir' pcific coast.
Is he recent consolidation of several of
Go on Stumo ' for Charles . .compAn, whteh hv ben "opet
tBpeclal DUptteo te The Jovaal.)'
Seattle, Feb. 11. P.' H. McCarthy,
mayor of San Francisco, recently elect
ing Independent steam Schooner lines to
different points along ; the coast and
especially to Columbia river points.
This merger, which was announced In a
letter from the Olson & Mahonev Steam-
ship company to Little i Crawford, lo
Chamorro With ; 3000 Trained
Men Awaits Opportune Mo
ment for Final .Battle
Louisianan Wounded. " - :V
CAU6HP BY CUPIO
(tTnlW Preas butl Wtra.
' Fort Iiimdn, Costa Rica, Feb, 11 Re
ports received today from the ' villages
lying .at ihe foot of, the volcano Poas
state that many persons wers killed
during the eruption early this week.: Jill
ths deaths . 'were caused; by enormous
stones thrown' from the crater. Consid
erable property damage -was done.- Sci
entists ,eee . la ths . eruption , .of Poas,
which , was the severest in its history, s
Raid Well Protected Den on SSSCT
sons. . .
' -. : . I " Official warnlne-a . hava'liaan Mtit.'.A
the canal authorities to strengthen Xhe
vulnerable points along the construction
lines In preparation for the quakes Costa
Sly Little Chap Reaches Fatal
Spot in Heart of ex-Presi- .
dentVSon, Says Report.
cal agents of the latter
vn oy in woor unions, nai iiegrapnea i prises rour or the largest Ream schoon-
to cnaries ji.MUier,ths;eandldats onier lines on the coast, and has been in
ths United Labor ticket for mayor of J corporated-under the name of The West
Seattle. - offering his congratulations, VOM Bteamsnip line., which will have
and' statins that. he would oma to. Ra- "UJ1 ie maintaining or a pas
attle and anend th.,lut k .f th ien?.er .and. 5re,rht service between
V :Z1..Z ; " ""Ifcriiano ana san Francisco,
way for his reception and enterUInment . fi?JI? h've b,?en PP,nt
1.1. .... i. ,v. -.., , 4 . Ied.the agents jof the new line in Port,
uuiiiis ilia rioj .11 i tl . d k.i tj-. i . . . - "
John Mitchell, former . president of I ""LTv. it"'",1" u, "ntormation
the United Mine Workers', union: 'Sam- na-cpmjany..antici-
uel Gompers, president of the American SltT.J VI, K i lnrce teamera a
Federation of Labor, and J. C. Shaun- w!f.k t.1t.hIs port on teir "Chedula
nessy. general organizer, of the Inter- TnU 1" m!n 4 steamer practically
national Barbers" knion. also - tele- V,T-other dayat least one and poa-
graphed Mr, Miller yesterday conarat- " u" lw" " wee ?eing passenger, car
Following Clue Furnished by
-."Trimmed". Player Police
After losing $14 In a crap game last Rican scientists' predict.
night In a. well protected' gambling den
at! Sixth and Stark, streets, William
Clark,' bartender at the Oregon hotel,
Unaccused by his fellow "players With
Informing the police andr causing the
arrest of 18 men. When the "officers
raided the. place fully $600 was plied on
the green table, of which 1185. was con
flscated as evidence.; The men pleaded
guilty this morning in municipal court.
and were eacQ- gfven a Tine or no. -
A warrant was issued from the tus-
tiejounior nearresi or Clark. In
which he is charged with keeping $100,
which he grabbed from the table when
the raid was made... The money belonged
, tColtcd. Press Leased Wire.) '
New York, Feb. H.While , Colonel
Roosevelt Is hunting in Africa, hla eld
est son, Theodore Roosevelt i Jr., . has
raiien prey to the , traps of CuDid.' ac
cording to an announcement made publlo
here today. Young Roosevelt's fiance Is
Miss- Kieanor Butler Alexander of thi
city and, announcement of. the nn
ment of the young couple was made by
ll' ..v.. . . . . .
uwuim, , xienry . Aadison
c Mlss Alexander's father, Henry Add!
son Alexander, Is at present . lee-al , ad.
visor to the American embassy at Paris,
wnero ne is now located. Miss Alex-
anoer is zi years of age. .
Young Roosevelt is learning carpet
iimnmaciuring in a ractory at Thomp-
ABLE TO PAY DEBT
OF, OREGON TRUST
one of ; the players, ..who gave the
(name or ward cnanston. - -
The raid -was made at, 3:80 o'clock
this morning, by Police Sergeant Kien
leti and Patrolmen Rupert and Manring.
j The placa was the gambling jen Into
which-J C. Powers, a sheepmarL from
Heppfter, fell laat week through a trap
door in the sidewalk. - a .
j '. rotud Game In Basement,
Powers says ha was walking along
Stark street, fell through the sidewalk.
When: he landed In the basement, he
ted against another door, which gave
and therS he found .tHe gamblers,
ht. was a big-game, and the men were
!10O0 was piled on the tables. ThS men l$art mnd fr6m .o'clai9 6f the Clearing
. ...vAiiniiuji u SUM! IIUB1UVO
Assurances that 'favorafiln nrwrMi la
l ,. i .... ..' 1 - ...
ueing maae; toward clearing up the af
fairs , of the Oresron Trust Jk Snvin-s
bank by -the-payment of its $?00,000
indebtedness by the Oerman-Amerlcan
bank-are given, today, by officers of th
latter institution. The time for settle
ment expires tomorrow,, and it Is posi
tively stated that no extension will be
asked for. ftV--; ---.,, :
This fact Is taken asa most' encour
aging sign." for it, :1s known that an
extension , was dlscusaed as a tentative
measure. ' Abandonment of the idea, of
asking for more time- Is taken to mean
that the German-American feels sure
of its ground and is ready to fill) the
agreement it entered into -two years
ago when it , took over the assets antM
liabilities of the wrecked bank. w f
Information from the German-Amer-
(Continued on Page Two.)
I negotiations between them have been I
broken off and that the settlement is
ui; oe maae irom other sources. 'San
Francisco capital has been Interested
snu a ucnj maae .mere by j, l. Willis,
vmH .imMwuti VI tne uerman-Amer
lean, figures largely Jn the transac
. This means that the German-American
Bank will not go out of business,
hut will go . ahead in Its own way to
iiquiimia me 4 aiiairs . ot ths Oregon
Trust ( There - is wids difference of
opinion aa to how much can be realized
from the assets of the old bank. Some
express me oener tnat 1 with, proper
nursing, taxing sucn ftlme -as needed
to realize the- most out of them. thr
will be an ultimate profit. But as they
now stand, the proceeds would be small.
,Mr. VVIUM, who Is looked ubon 'th
man of thjfr.haur' so-far as standihg be
hind the German-American, in its pend-
Contlnuea on Page Six.)
ulating , him on being the . standard-
bearer of th Labor party.
; Mr. Gompers said he was planning a
trip to the west and would visit Seat
tle, prebably before the campaign closes.
PENROSE'S VRATH i
FALLS ON TURNER
rlers, . while the others will handl tha
usual general freight up and lumber
and miscellaneous freight out. All 'of
the steamers of th new line will land
at the Oak street dock, and those that
carry, passengers will sail from .that
dock. . .-.
The companies, owning steam schoon.
ers, which are Included In .th merger,
are the Olson & Mahonev comDanv. E.
J. Dodge company, Charles R. McCor
mlck company, and ' E. . K. Wood com
pany, and with additions which they ex
pect to make to - ths j fleet of vessels
which they will send out they will have
undet their direct control 24 craft, six
of which have passenger accommoda
tions. 'This means that three steamers
a week to this port on a regular sched-
n:-! rA l, t AMtM , r- weeK to tms port on a re
ri lilllliy 11CI lv U I OCIIdlC, TUI - ui will be a matter of easy accomplish
'.' . - . I ment.
meny of Komana, nemovea
(Wathlnfton Bareta of -Th Joarail.)
Washington, Feb. , 11. William. B.
Turner, printing clerk of the senate.
formerly of Portland, who iwas ap
pointed , years ago when McBrld was
senator, has resigned, to take . effect
March 1. It is understod he was forced
out because of the assertion by, Penrose
of ' Pennsylvania, chairman of th sen
ate postofffce -committee, that hs held
up ' Improperly - tha: printing, of 'an ad
verse-report by; Penrose against A otll
for i th ;; allowance,; f , , postmasters'
claima , Penrose Intimates that Turner
was acting secretly in th. Interest of
Claim agents who bad ther posrmasters'
claims matter In chark. Notwith
standing Ills resignation had been filed,
Turner's keys wer taken , away from
him and another man was Installed in
his place, - . .
Th charge is maae against Turned
that he acted in conjunction with Rath-
bone, notorious for past frauds,, who
escaped ; th - penitentiary, only by an
amnesty act of congres. v .
Turner Is the clerk Bourn tried to
dislodge two, years ago,- Turner retain
Headquarters la Trlsoo, .
The 'manager of the" West ' Coast
Steamship linn will' be E. J. Linden,
formerly of the E.""J.' Dodge company.
and he will have his headquarters in
San Francisco. The steamers will sail
(Continued on Pag Two.)
(United Praas Lasted Wlra.V '- -''
. Biuerieidp, Nicaragua, Feb. .11. (By
wireless to Col on.)-The belief ' that
General , Chamorro, ;the insurgent com
mander Is merely awaiting an oppor
tune moment to move upon Managua 1
growing here hourly, Chamorro now has
suoo wen trained and equipped men
under his command and ; the fall of
the capital is deemed Inevitable.
It Is now apparent that the engage
ment precipitated by the rebel general,
Mena f at La . Garita and ' Santa Clara
were parts of a well laid campaign
which Chamorro Intends :to execute be
fore attacking - Managua. General
Mena's part i of this eampalan was tn
hold the administration troops in check
wnn cnamorro cleared th ;way to
Managua. . r . Couriers , - arriving from
Mena's camp today : Stated that - at La
Garita the rebels, won a decisive vic
tory, but : at Santa ' Clara they . were
compelled to. retire , before th govern
ment army to uoogan. ? -
While Mena 'was Operatlnr - In the
vicinity or La Garita,; Chamorros' di
vision was moving to a position north
east of Managua. It la his Intention
to approach the ; city from that direc
tlon, attempting to clear that section
of, the government outposts located
there. j-;iv,1 ' - - . - -.
.This move by Chamorro undoubtedly
xpiain tne - capture or - Matagalpa,
capital of - the-province of Matagalpa,
news of which has just reached here.
General Mena's command lost 2s men
killed and 60 wounded at Santa Clara,
according to, th couriers who- have ar
rived1 her. Among the killed was the
rebel general,: Blandon. ? '
. Gabriel Bishop, the -Louisianan who
was wounded while directing the in
surgents' artillery corps, was brought
nere toaay ror treatment. II Is suf
fering from severe abdominal wounds
and his condition is dangerous.
ot mm m
coast ueiegations in congress
; Worlc" With Big Builders of
j Iron;, Ships "orC Coast for
, Adoption of Program. r
FIFTY BOATS TO BE" ; '
bUILI IN. IU TtAno
Five Millions a Year Asked of
Congress Petitioners Ap
'. pear Confident. .
By John E. Iithrop. w "
nssninaion, r eo. - j i. enaii ini 1 n-
clfio coast have 60. submarine torpedo
beats to defend agalnat invasion by a
foreign foe? . . f .' .
Shall we proceed on the theory that
war with Japan Is Imminent, or, at
least. Is easily possible? ., i. , ,
Most of the Pacific coast senators
snd representatives say . "yes" to th
first query, and, inferentlslly. "yes" to
For several weeks a committee con
sisting -of Senators Piles, chairman,
Jones, - Bourne and Flint, and Repre
sentatives .Ellis, Humphrey and Hayes
hav been at work on the proposal of
th submarines. Likewise, C B. La-
mont, assistant to the-president of tho
Moran company of Seattle, and J. A.
McGregor, president of the L'Dlon Iron
works of San Francisco, have been ac
tive in pushing the project. The two
companies ar tne only concerns on th
west coast that build battlcahips . or
submarines, v , ' i '
) : ' ppmpaniesi Adottt. Xatrst.?
Th' meeting of the. fas Westarn mam.
bers som weeks ago with Senator Pile
Of geattl as host, at a dinner was In
ducd. In- part at least, by the com
panies mentioned. . '. . - .
Th companies' renfescnratlvea whr
are here frankly admit their business
ntereat in the urging of this new natal
snd .defensive program, for tlie west
coast. They want to build submarines.
ThelK proposal Is that congress appro
priate 15,000,000 4 year for five years
to Duwa .io submarines a year, or 50 '
in an in rive years, and. of courae . it
congress doea this, the Seattle Moran
concern and the San Francisco Union
iron worm win nuiio tne 60 submarines
na get in pront on the exDemlltura
of $26,000,000 called for by the proposed
now program. ' -.! , - ,.
Inasmuch as the senate and h
tl committees tri seriounlv
1ng the proposal, It would seem to be
only a complete job of news aratharina-
and transmission thus to set forth all.
the essential elements In the Imnort.
Mr. Lamont asserts that the nroe-ram
is demanded by the. unprotected sltua- '
tlod of th west coast., ,11 is suDDorted 1
by the senators and representatives who
compos, to committee. This commit.
th Pacifio coast, is insistent that this
or som equally broad defensive pro
grSm be adopted.
- The arguments have been presenteit"
to , the president. Ife was also asked
aa to the, assignments of some of the
(Continued on Pago Seven.)
SHASTA LIMITED IN
WRECK ON TRESTLE;
,- TWO MEN ARE HlRT
Shasta limited train No. 11, which
left her at 6 Vclock last night for San
Francisco ran into two runaway, freight
cars on a trestle near Roseburg at 12:30
o'clock this morning. One of the freight
cars was hurled clear off 'the trestle
and turned completely over. The other
remained on th trestle, but minus one
pair of wheels. , ' f ,, f ' - -v f
Th lore or tne impact lifted th
heavy engine off the rails' but fortu
nately It remained on the trestle, run
ning over the cross tie for quite la
distance, Jarring th train, Jolting the
naaaAtiB-era imri throwtna unmit nt them
. i-1 1.1 . 1
in pva.v.uu u, ino iuntveniion oil out of tnr seats. Ban' Lags, a pa
certain- senators.-., ' . ,,-. ;; j eengir. who was standing at the head
Rathbone belonged to the Mark Kan.
na faction of. th Republican Dartv. It
appears, that l this instance old In
fluences were brought to, bear In con
nection with railroading through ajleged
spurious claims of postmasters; ' - . v
end of. th sleeper at th time of the
collision,,, received -:8llgUt bruises oipi th
bead. Engineer , E. Butler's back was
sprained; but -not seriously. 11 " - ; ,
, Th collision occurred on Deer Creek
trestle, Just east of th Roseburg- yard
limits - Engineer. Butler could not see
the cars in tb dark until within a few
feet of them; when, too late to-bring
th train to a stop. : He managed, how
ever, to rduc: th speed considerably
or the result might have been disas
trous,, especially had, the engine left the
trestle. - , ,. ?-.- - ---- -' -, -
A wrecking crew was sent from Rose
burg and th track. Was clear again at
o'clock this morning.- Th accident
delayed the -Shasta limited, exactly five
hours and 60 minutes.- No mother trains
were (delayed.. , .Th damage to rolling
stock i estimated at $180. i. , K. -
Official Investigation this", morntng
revealed that the Rosebtfrg yard- crew
had left a string of cars ona side
track and had pulled off a cut of cars
from; the west end of the track, ; the
Jar evidentlyt starting the two freight
tars." : Continuing on their way they
ran through a split- switch,, onto the
main line and stopped. -,
CONTROL OF HUGE
Outwits .Canadian Pacific "and
Ties, Up Immense Coal Inter;
ests on Vancouver lsland-4
Price $11,000,000, Reported
(Hatted Press Leaae Wlm.l - f 1
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 11. -That Wil
liam MacKensI and 1). t.' Mann of the
Canadian Northern: Railroad ' company,
backed by J. P. Morgan, the great New'
Tork financier, has acquired all the 1m' -
menae holdings on- Vancouver Island of
the famous Punsmulr family, is the an .
nouncement made here on excellent au
thority. For days pant rumors have
been -afloat that the anal mines and
coal "bearing areaa owned by Jamem '
Dunsmulr had passed Into' the hands of .
the Canadian Pacific' railroad, which!
known to havs Jiad an option on thern
sdme time ago, but the rival road has
apparently , outwitted" Sir , Th'oma.
ShaUghnessy . and , his aasoclatev. - The
price is reported to be $11,000,000.
- Involved in tne transaction la a guar
antee that the sum of $5,000,000 munt
be expended .: almost . . immediately in
further developing the coal mines, it
Is said' also that the new owner con
templatSth eret-tibn of a great Iron and
steel plant on Vancouver- Inland.'
The Dunsmulr mines, which are the
most valuable properties of the kind on
the Pacific ' coast,- have ben In opera
tion for the past 40 years. The coal !
of the finest quality Lars! mine are
operated , at Extension and Cvmo and
there' are dock and bunkers t I.Hflr
smith and Union t!ay(:; Xh. Ixinsnuii,-
hipped coal on-an cxu-iinivb c,i tin
maintained a fleet of t-liTi"s pi ' " '
to California and otlior pom.
r. -aia,- . t. ,- ,i, iv, t t - .'.,,...J'w. '