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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
I I v ; ;
THE JOURNAL has a greater paid circulation in the homes of Portland and selh several hundred more copies cn thi s.i: c . . .
through newsboys than any pther Portland newspaper. As evidence of THE JOURNAL'S good faith it will contribute
either or both of its contemporaries to contribute a like sum, to any charity or to' the striking telegraphers' relief fund, if a com
mittee of three to five persons, to be selected as may be agreed upon, sitting as investigators, do not show in their report that
' - ' - " ' " - - ; ' -- : ' -L- ' - - . : 1
Wednesday; "northeast wind. ,'.' ; '' . . . : ".-, ' - -'". '' " ' , . ""': - '"' j
i" ' " " .' " ' ' 1 , I I ' I I I . Q I I , J II S J ' ! ''
THE JOURNAL'Spaid circulation in the homes of Portland and on the streets of the city is greater than that of the daily Oregonian or its evening tail, the Telegram; the paper that isthird
in the test to f orf eitlthe $500 named, while the second is to pay. the expense of theinvestigation, 'whatever it may be, while the first shall have its money' returned. j .
P U T' U P vG R S H LJJ U P
VOL. VI. NO. U3.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST SO, 1907 EIGHTEEN P.
i . vtvst ' mirA . rs t-. y mr ow TnAtlfS vewA
rftiva iwu ,ario. stands, riv ct is
tit nrn Tn
President Scores Trusts and
i Standard Oil for Attempt-
V'ing to Bring on JPanic to
:Head - Off Punishment
Prosecution to Continue.
No Let-up in Efforts to Se
cure Honest Observance of
" the Law-Speech Made at
" Laying of Cornerstone to
Jark Pilgrims' Landing,
V . . nnvTW.I InHd Smta.1 ''
' Provlncetown, Miss., Aug-. SO. la th
; presence of President Roosevelt and a
; distinguished company, there -was laid
: today ths cornerstone or a magniricoui
miuinmant a tit areeted here to recall
the pi AC where the Pilgrim finished
their Ion voyage, where they drew up
; their historic pact In the oabln of ths
Mayflower, and- where a -few of them
" first stepped oa American solL " Ths
vteit of the prealdent and so many other
notables made an occasion that-will
" ever be remembered by Cape Cod - folk,
: and It will probably be many a Ions day
aroused from lta lethargy and called
upon co emeruun nnuiaer .uuu
; Is At Ives and summer realdenta for miles
up and down the eape Oam to town
'"excursionists from . Boston and other
v 1 ' Kma aw fnil llttla WftBfl
ways that serve as streets were con
vested with humanity, and the crowd
was forced to take to the. beach and
the sand hills back of the village to
get breathing space. r .. ,f ;
i . Mo Backdown. ; . .
V In his speech President Roosevelt
"Durlne; the present trouble In the
Stock market I have of course received
countlees references and suggestions
that I should say or do something to
east- the situation. '- -
.r.t A . . m.lwlA 1n.nnlsl ale.
turbsnce. most of it, I believe, to .be
due to matters wholly unconnected
with, any governmental action, but It
may wen do saia int im uwuiu--
tlon of the government, in which It will
not waver, 10 puni.u
tors of great wealth, has been responsU
i ble for somethlna of the trouble; I be
; lleve to the extent of having caused
these men to contrive to bring as mueh
: financial strife as possible In order to
discredit the policy of the government,
and thereby secure a reversal of that
tollcy, so they may enjoy unmolested
he fruits . of their own evil doings.
They have misled-many good people
Into believing that there should be suah
reversal of the policy If possible. If so,
K.l'm sorry. Once for all, let me say
siai as far as I'm concerned, and for
tlI5iBlmonths of my presidency remaln
Ing.VmjfcO'll be no change In the policy
. we haverteadilv pursued, or let-up In
the efforts to secure honest observance
of the law. for I regard this contest ss
ons to determine who shall rule this
free country." -- : - ..
(Continued on Page Two.)
SUICIDES 11 ;
DUE TO WEATHER
Startling Number "of Self
inflicted Deaths This
'i , Honth Start Rumors. -
The number of suicides this month In
Portland Is surprisingly largs snd has
urted some conjectures as to whether
there Is sny "prevailing reason. Bo far,
with ths month only two thirds gone,
there tiave been nine sulciaes. This Is
iDsoted more or less Jn hot weather,
bu? the objection Is edvsnced that
Augwrt hss been an unusually cool and
plB"crdV".noften recognised as A form
of temporary Inssnlty and lnsans ex
mrtiiri interested in any theory point
In to any time or place or condition
conducive"' to "Ulclfv "HL0,:?st.
Portlsnd are inolined to scoff at the
Theory advanced that weather condi
tions have anything to do with the
number of self-inflicted deaths.
. xot weathw iroi s. Tactor
tr. TtC Coffey of the North .Pacific
Banij-jTrum who has made a speclAlty pf
nrjiKIia disorders which often result In
'ffiinK mentAllty. despondency and mel
l,fhchoIla. scouts the idea that the weath
er conditions are responsible for the
large number of Bummer suicides. .
That sort of thing seema to become S
' kind of epidemic in certain Sets of so
ciety at different times." he said. "We
hud sn llhmtrtlon of thst here in Port
land last winter. One takes the step and
Wife of Willard Carmack.
President of Diamond, Ice
. Company, Files Sensa
tional DiTorce' Suit Ee-
, Tolyer Placed at Head.!
Defendant , Threatened c to
Take Woman's Life "He
Has Rendered Existence a
Life of Anguish and Chain
of Miseries," She Says. ;
- Willard C Carmack. president and sols
owner of ths Diamond Ice company,, Is
made defendant In a suit for divorce
In circuit court. Papers In the case
wars filed todsy and ths allegations In
ths ease are sensational In ths extreme.
In her petition Km. Hattio C Carmack
sstr forth that ahe married defendant
In this otty, on July U. IMS, and that
ns children have resulted from -t
nntom . :' Six months after marriage, she
allegeav defendant . became cms! and
Inhuman ' In his. treatment and .h
since heaped ' upon her personal
Indignities rendering her life burden
some, in disposition Mrs. uarmaca says
In her petition her husband is Splenetic,
contumelious and abhorrent.
"Carmack haa aadly blighted my hopes
of a haDDV domes t la life, and haa ren
dered existence a Ufa of anguish and a
chain oi miseries," runs on uts com
On several occasions ths plaintiff al
leges her husband has threatened tp kill
her. In one Instance ahe claims after
returning from. e visit to her sister,
close to her own home, her husband
came home shortly afterwards and re-
. Threatened xarxaxs.
"It's a good thing you got horns, but
I'll get you yet."
At the same time Mrs. Carmack al
leges her husband emphasised his threat
by levelling a loaded revolver at her
For the past two months Carmack Is
charged by his wife with coming home
nlKhtlv under the Influence of llauor
and making Ufa for her further burden
some. As late as August i, tne peti
tion goes on to state, plaintiff was
ordered from ths house provided ahe
refused to pay ons half of the grocery
bills. Mot contented with this Mrs.
a Continued on Page Two.)
GUILTY, BUI GETS
THE NEW MAYOR OF SAN FRANCISCO
Edward Roheson Tsylor,.Wbofle Selection as Schmlti Successor Haa Been
v Confirmed by the California Supreme Court. 7
OSE PENCE TIMBER W"
BALK CORD WOOD TRUST
Agreement Signed. With Federation of Labor Twenty
Thousand Cords Will Be Flumed From a Forest
,West of City to Holbrook Slough Price Cut;
Cameron Dismisses the Case
Against Bartender Who
Assaulted Woman. :
(Continued on fags Two4
. Polios Judgs George 3. Cameron dis
missed ths cass against Otffetave Becker,
bartender In the Deutsche Bier Keller,
at IS North Second street, who was ar
rested last - Saturday Upon v complaint
of pretty Luella Hawley, a worker In
ths ranks of ths Volunteers of America,
for ejeoting her from the aaloon.
Although Becker, upon taking the
stand In his own behalf, corroborated
In detail the story told by the little
woman, who Is devoting herself to a Ufa
of aelf-sacrlftce, that mankind might be
elevated, Cameron held that Miss Haw
ley really had no right to enter, the
"sror shop,", and the defendant used
no more force in escorting her from the
saloon than was necessary.
uuii m iss raawiey uueo now
Becker violently grabbed her by the
arms when she came Into the saloon
last Friday ana forced ner to leave the
nlace. "When I asked him whv ha
could not treat me decently -he said,
'Beoanse you're not decent,'1 testified
the girl, and the tears welled up Into
her big blue eyes ss she thought of the
outrageous treatment to which she had
been aubjected. , " . v
The attorney for the defense Bought
to show that the proprietor or bartender
of a saloon waa the sole Judge of who
should enter the place and Inquired of
Miss Hawley If she knew what saloons
were fori v -
"To make drunkards," promptly re
plied the volunteer "lassie." and there
were no further questions1 along this
Una. Adjutant John T. Foulkea told of
hla visit to Becker' place to demand
an apology and the refusal of the bar
tender to mak amends for his conduct
Judge Cameron, although holding that
Becker had been proven guilty of bat
tery, maintained that the complaining
witness had no light to enter the sa-,
loon, aa according to har own admission
the bartender always evinced hostility
toward her when she came to solicit
subscriptions. Regarding the action of
the defendant In laying violent hands
on the woman, the qourt. held that
Becker waa strictly within his . rights
and did sot use undue lores, . i
After struggling hopelessly with- ths
exorbitant rates chsrged by ths local
wood trust, residents of Portland sre
at Inst afforded a glimmer of hope In
the announcement that tbs Federation
of Labor , snd Lafe Panes have prac
tically corns to an agreement whereby
approximately 20,000,000 feet of timber
now on Mr. Pence's land west of Ths
City will be delivered to ths federation
and sold here st prices thst will mean
a saving of from 13 to 14 a cord. , ,
Siorbttant ITioea This Winter.
For some time ths Federation of La
bor has been trying to settle ths fuel
question for tne coming winter. Even
now, iu the heart of the summer, wood
brings is a corn in tne local maraeis.
This means that It will cost M or $
at least by winter, which makes the
fuel problem ' one of' the most serious
that cltlsena of Portland have to con
tend with. The prices charged by ths
local combination It is claimed are out
of all reason, having increased from
$2. SO a cord, -the rate charged a few
years ago, to the preaent high figures.
Since acquiring the Lewis Clark
fair grounds, Mr. Pence has been forced
to Issue a large amount of bonds. It
had been his original purpose to build
sawmills on his timber land and out 1
up ths. timber, which, la for ths' most
part an . excellent quality of fir. Into
ties and railroad timbers.
Ths fair in-the pries of lumber, how
ever, coupled with the necessity for In
suring the payment of interest on the
fslr bonds haa Induced Mr. Pence to
abandon the Idea of converting the tim
ber into lumber and instead To dispose
f It tn Portland for wood. The 10,000,
000 feet will make 20,000 cords of ex
cellent fire-wood. ( ,'
' is;..- Contract Zs Made. -"'"-
Pence communicated with W. C Har
ris of the Typographical union and with
the Rev. Elmer 8. Muckley, pastor of
the First Christian church, who haa
been greatly Interested - In the fuel
question, and a contract haa been drawn
up whereby the Federation of Labor la
to secure me wooo at sz.zs a cord rrom
Pence at Holbrooke slouah.
The wood la to be carried bv the new
lC-mlle Pence flume from the timber
land down Into the slou-h, where It will
be delivered to the federation If they
decide to accept the offer. . From there
It will have to be loaded on barges and
towed to one of the city docks,. It Do
ing the preaent Intention to have woou
yards on the water fronts of both East
ana yvbbi i-orxisna.
It Is believed thst wood can bo d
TELEGRAPHERS' FUND ,
. The Journal SI00
MeAllsn McDonnell....... 100
A friend to .
J- H. Murphy 10
O Hi Thomas ............. ,10
Sympathiser ................ II
Ex-telegrapher ............ .10
Ed Schiller 10
Pat Kelley ................ . S '
F. F. Swayne. ....... ....... f
M. J. Conner .............. I
C. Olbbs 10
Total to date ........... ,tS0
, . , , ..........
Taken Their Places Will
Break Down. 7 :
(Continue' on Page Two.
LID HAILED SIILI
'St Johns Saloon-keeper Arrested and Fined for Opening
; Place on Sunday in Order to Sweep Out Justice
' ; ' fceid's Decision First of the Kind Here.
It Is unlawful for a saloon-keeper to
open his place of business for any pur
pose whatever, according to a decision
Of Justice Reld of ths Pbrtlsnd Justice
district, msds today In ths case against
Louis Richards, who was charged with
opening his saloon at St. Johns, Sunday,
August 1L Richards had opened his
saloon , to clean out about 11 o'clock
Sunday morning and both he and his
bartender wars In ths place when Dep
uty Sheriff Jones placed Rlchsrds under
The case waa tried .before Justice
Reld last Saturday. George J. Perkins,
attorney tor .the defendant, oontended
aa long aa no. liquor was sold In the
place ths saloon-keeper had a right to
enter. It being his own property. Ac
cording to the decision, howsver, any
one who opens his aaloon for any pur
pose whatever Is violating the Oregon
JTo Xioopaols la Deolslos, .
A saloon-keepes cannot go Into his
own place on a Bunday, either to clean
?ut. plnv pool, get a drink or even a
lr. He Is violating the law If he
opens the door of his saloon any time
after 11 o'clock Sunday morning-and
baler mlt e'olook auitlnif at - s)unda
night Ths decision of th Judge fol
lows: , ...
"In ths esse of the State vs. Richards,
tried Saturday, August IT.' If 07, decided
August to, 107, defendant Is charged
with keeping open hla aaloon on Sunday,
August 11, 1007. The testimony shows
beyond doubt that the defendant und
J. O. Cobbs, bartender, were In the sa
loon and, as stated by them, for 'the
purpose of cleaning out the place. .
"In support of the contention made
by the state that opening for the pur
pose of cleaning up, etc.. Is a violation
of the law, I cite the following authori
ties: . American and English Encyclo
pedia of Law (second edition), volume
17, pages 148, (40 and SS0, and ths sev
eral cases In accompanying notes,
.. . , miohards zs nnsd. -
'"These decisions, -which 1 think sre
the weight of authority, hold that drink
ing places cannot be kept open for any
purpose whatever and that the Intent
for which they are opened Is Immaterial.
The defendant will be found guilty."
The minimum penalty, a fine of 110,
whs Inflicted on Louis Richards. iMputy
Sheriff Jones . while tn 8t. Johns on
August 11 recti red the evidence agatnst
the saloon-keeper. He saw a prominent
cltlsen of 8t. Johns step out of the
saloon by a side door and at once de
manded entrance, finding the proprietor
and his bartender Inelde. Aanlatant
I i strict Attorney ert Haney prosecuted
Ths telegraphers strike In Portland
haa settled down Into a waiting gams'
between the companies and ths strlksrs.
From all Indications thsrs will be no
Changs In ths situation locally, so long
as ths strike Is on throughout ths east.
There haa been practically no Changs
In" Portland. Mrs. li L Dolphin, who
went out with the Postal operators
when the strike was called went back
to her - key In that office yesterday
afternoon and la now 'at work. Ths
strikers were surprised at her action,
as she -had given no Intimation of her
Intention, nor had aha asked for assist
ance from the strike committee.
Charlea Springer, the Oregon ' City
operator, who has been working at the
Western Union during ths day, went
back to his post at Oregon City during
the day. but was brought back to Port
land during the night. Both Springer
and John Humphrey, the bank clerk
from Oregon City, are working in Ore
gon city during tne nay, aiterwaras
comlna to Portland to alt In for the
night trick. Springer fills In at the
Western union office, while Humphrey
does similar work for the Postal.
It la. also reported that an operator
by the name of Carl Is working for ths
Western Union, but the striking opera
tors are not much worried, as Carl can
send but can not receive messages.
: Asks Sum to Quit Work.
Ths most exciting occurrence of ths
dav was caused by a visit from Jamea
Cooper Prescott, the streetcar conductor.
to tne neaaqusrters or tne strikers at
the Esmond hotel. Prescott la the man
who haa been working for the Western
Union under the name of M. L. Shlna
berger and he made hla visit for ths
purpose of telling the strikers that be
would refuse to work for the Western
Union longer If the strikers would give
him 125. Prescott stated to the strikers
that he would go back to the company
unless he waa given the tii. He was
ejected by the strikers from- their head
quarters. Prescott, or Shlnaberger, was form
erly In the employ of ths Western
Union, et - Topeka but waa discharged
for Incompetency and admits the fact.
He stated to the strikers that he was
In It for the money and that hs had
(Continued on Pags Two.)
Open BeVolt in Hanks of
Telegraphers Caused by
Journal Will Collect Fun& for
Operators9 Benefit to Enable
Them to VJin Battle for Living
-Wages Against Corporate
Greed Subscribes $200
The Journal believes that the cause of the telegraphers strik
ing for living wages is a just one.
Telegraph . operators, according to President Clowry of the
Western Union, are the most . intelligent workrneji in the world. .
He might have added, they are also the poorest paid among skilled
workmen.' v-!,- '..,, . -.t.-j: -.-.-V , . -;. , ..? . , . ';;,:J;i:.j:..,
v Telegraphers today are paid less than they were 20 years ago.
Tn every other occupation higher wages are" paid and the cost, of
living has increased enormously.' . .
Last ' spring, upon the completion of the .telegraph trustjthe
already-exorbitant telegraph rates -were advanced orr the public an
average of 25per cent .. . ........
T '" " No Raise in Wages..
r "'This increase waa made upon .the, plea that . a 10 per centraise
in wages. was to be granted operators. The public paid the in
crease, but the trust did not. ' A sliding scale was put into effect
that effectually offset the increase in wages.; v ,
" The Western Union , lines in America can be duplicated for
$35,000,000. This company is capitalized and paying interest on
$153,000,000, or nearly five times its value in water. - To 'do this
employes, superintendents, managers and operators are underpaid
and the public overcharged. Itjs a typicaf instance of Wall street
frenzied finance. . ,'... . .'
".The telegraph companies, cannot : do'. business without the oper
ators. In ordinary times there is a shortage in the supply. The
places of the strikers cannot be filled. Therefore if the men hold
out they must win. . . '
. ..;-;1 .;--,--'-,- To Starve Men Out. :'"'
The companies know this and hence plan to starve fhe men out.
They figure this can'be done in a few weeks. Hence the com
panies refuse arbitration or peace proposals. It is the public that
suffers., vv , - ' ' :,"..".,".'.'.;..;
. In order to win the operators must be prepared to. hold out
for several months. Funds are badly needed by them to enable
telegraphers to obtain living wages hereafter j '
The Journal gives $200. -Others give the amount opposite,
their names. How much will you give to help the peopled fight
against corporate greed? Send in youmoney. The Journal will
turn it over to the strikers., v ; , ' . : .
BSBSBBBBBassaSS-SMaM ( "
V . , .. . ... .. ; tf,
. . , (Jearaal Special Servic,! .
Chicago. Aog. J. There Is almost
open revolt In the ranks of ths striking
telegraphers on account of ths propo
sition to have ths officials of ths Ameri
can Federation of Labor arbitrate ths
Kven high officers of the union are
In a rebellions frame of mind and de
clare that the telegraphers do not want
arbitration, as there is nothing to arbi
trate with either the Western Union or
Postal Telegraph com pan lea.
The feature the telegraphers dislike
most Is the Injection Into the situation
of the Civto Federation. The union men
regard this federation aa oontrolled by
Ralph Easier; of - corporation conneo
tlons. August Belmont and Mrs. Potter
Strong pressure Is being brought -to
bear on President Small of the telegra
phers' union with the view of forcing
him to make open opposition to the pro
posed arbitration. The operators are
Srepared for a long siege and feel confl
ent thst If they oarry on the flaht for
a few more weeks the companies will
surrender upon any terms ths strikers
submit. . - ,
REASONS FOR STRIKE
. GIVEN BY OPERATORS
Less Pay .Than Twenty Years Ago and Much More Work.
Forced to Work Overtime to Secure Enough to
IJye UponReasonable Demands Made. '
' By T. W. Branln, president of ths
. Telegraphers Union. ,
Ths work of ths telegrapher la se
dentary in ths extreme, the operator
being compelled to alt for nlns hours at
a stretch listening to ths messages, and
where the Phillips code la used hs la re
quired to -make. Instantaneous 'transla
tion of combinations thst In msny oases
bear no resemblance whatever to ths
sentences when written out In full. He
most put them on ths typewriter In
perfect English, correctly spelled, punc
tuated and paragraphed. To accomplish
this It will be readily seen that the
operator-is required to dr three thtnge
at once. " The nervous strain upon the
sending operator Is second only to that
For doing this hs gets the same or
lees wares than received by operators In
the early 80s. who received by lond hand
and wrote messages with a pen. An
operator cannot secure a position today
unless he is an expert on the typewriter.
In the 80s and up to the middle of the
toe, the typewriter wss not in general
use among the telegraphers. An oper
ator can do twice aa much work with a
typewriter aa with a pen, yet be re
ceives no more salary, and in many
rase not as much ss did the men who
Struck In 1883.
In February the Western Union and
Poatal announced an incr.uae in rates
of from 20 to t per cent. The com
panies also announced a 10 per rent In
crease tn the snlartes of their emplnvex
They did not forset to make th puhiio
pay the Increase In tniu, ,ut they ,h.l
forget the promised Increnas In wmr-
To offset this 10 per eat tbs cvoum..-a
Introduced what they . call "a sliding
They have given It the correct name,
because nothing slides unless It is going
down hill. So with the wagea of the
operators. Ihey have continually ue
oreased alnce March 1. and the teleg
rapher's position is worse than It was
previous to that date. For Instance, art
operator having a rating of IKS per
month resigns or In din ml need from the
service. He is substituted by a man
receiving 1S2. The operator receiving
l!i relieved by an operator receiving
111, and so on until the lowest salary
Is reached, which Is $40 a month lri
Portland. We can cite casea In Portland
where ths sliding scale has been Intro
duced. An operator Is compelled to work from
1 to 14 hours a dy to provide the
bere necessities of life.
The unskilled laborer receives fullv
as much without working overtime, .
the average teletcrapher does with over-
time Included. Several yenrs' sxperlen.-s
at an extremely low snlnry Is renuif l
before an operator Is slle t secure .
flrat-clnss position. And whn lie r
comes a flrst-cln operator the n- v ... (
strain Is such that hi. career of t-"
n. and earning" rmwiiv is tn .
Jortty of csecs cut elmrt tr
tlon of nervous trendies roi.il?:
ths heavy strain rciuii-l it
swell the coffers of the )i.-. ...j.. .
All we ask la a f-ilr remnn.-,:,.' . '
Mmt-ciie work. Our do.it" n i
An ei r it-hour d-nr and 1 t
crea m In wag's, no
ti unlmi e-et nnn-i.i i
nml no U " rltti'"" '-' ' '
rnn ri;inV t' f"Mi " ' '
tuuO .. : U I-'J. ' " -