The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, July 15, 1907, Image 6

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THE JOURNAL
AW 'INDEPENDENT HBW8PAPEB.
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traMmlaaloe throuxa taa Bulls aa seoond-elaae
WlUf.
TEUCPHONaV-atAtN TITS.
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tMl tha OiMrah. tha eepertSMot roe nt-
FOREIGN ADVERTISING RBPRESBNTATITE
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lark; Tribune BuUdlnc. Cakao.
Bahaerlptloa Tenaa by nil ear a
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DAILY AND SUNDAT.
Oaa raa.....,..7.fc On. laoalli ....$ AO
Have a purpose la life, and
having, it, throw, Into your
work anch strength of mind
and muscle aa God has, fires
yon. -CariyW " . -'' r-
OREGON'S COMPLAINT AT
LAST HEEDED.
IN' SOME features of the report of
' the Interstate ', commerce eom
mlaslon given out Saturday
, ; there Is an extraordinary simi
larity to the arguments which the
'people of Oregon hart been urging
persistently for -seTeral years past.
In particular, we call attention to the
. commission's - strictures upon rail
roads which use their, surplus funds
and credit, not tor the development
' of the territory through : which the
' road runs, but for the purchase of
stocks and bonds In Wall street. Two
years ago the chamber of commerce
" of this city directed attention-to the
viciousness of this : practice,-which
was being followed by, the O. R, ft
""N. Co., to the detriment of the state,
. and the topic has. been commented
upon frequently since that time, both
- by committees of our local commer
cial organizations and by .the public
press. The people of Oregon hare
no disposition to wage war upon the
' O. R. & N. or any other railroad, but
they do- resent and protest , against
the policy of piling up a huge sur-
plus, through exorbitant fates, and
then using that surplus, not for the
development of the territory from
-- which theMoneT U drawn,: bulfor
-J the- porch ase-f- etock ln-th-New
York Central or' some other road ab
Taolutely remote from this state. .The
farmer who ships bis wheat' to the
seaboard is willing to pay a fair
- price for the haul, and does not be
grudge the railroad its legitimate
profit, but he. la not willing to put
'. np more money for t,be sole purpose
of helping to: margin Mr., Harriman's
stock gambling'" transactions,. The
Journal, commented 1 recently upon
some of the uses which' have been
.made of. the huge surplus accumu
; lated by the O. R. ft N., laying stress
particularly upon the fact that prac
' tlcally all "of this surplus has been
need in ways that 'are of absolutely
no benefit to the people of this state.
. Furthermore, ' there Is 1 the glaring
- tact that interior Oregon is. still a
Ylrgin wilderness, so far as railroad
evelopment is concerned, and this
despite Jhejrepeated promises of the
Harrlman management to build ex
, tensions and new roads. It is plain
that the conclusions of the interstate
commerce commission were largely
Influenced by a study of conditions
- tn this state, and this fact affords
hope of the relief which the people
of Oregon hare long sought for in
vain. ' . ' -
X ST. JOHNS SALOONS.
WE CANNOT truly express re
gret over the predicament of
f some of St. Johns' saloon-
.. ' keepers, who it is said may
have to go out of business there on
account of the VclOslng of their sa
loons on Sunday the day of the week
when they did. their largest busl-
- bosav of ten taking-la - $20 (Lor. $00
" apiece." Doubtless the growing .city
of St. Johns needs a lot of revenue,
; a large part of which several saloons
'at $1,000 a year would supply; but
we cannot help looking at the other
side of the shield and thinking how
much better Sdlt' those worklngmen
who have been spending hundreds
of dollars on Sundays in saloons will
be if the saloons are closed and the
money is not thus spent.
St. Johns is and will be inhabited
largely by ' worklngmen, men who
' work for wages in mills and fac
tories and the meat plant. A large
proportion of thern are married and
are gradually paying for homes of
their own or should be . doing so.
Their first duty,; and their highest
. . pleasure aswelLahould be to . pro
vide comfortable homes, to take good
care of wires and children, to send
the latter to school and set a good
example before them t home, so as
to start them on the roai to good
citizenship; in a word, tobe not only
irood worklngmen. but good cltisens
thenrselvcsas we doubt not that
most of thorn are. i , ' ,
Cut the t.ood cltlxen cannot spend
his ' time and money in a saloon
even on the week's rest day. In the
first place, he cannot afford to spend
the money thus; and in the "second
place, a saloon is a bad place tor
recreation on Sunday. . . . .
But would we deny them . any
agreeable recreation - on . Sunday?
No, nor do we think a. little mild
drink, beer or wine, on a rest day
necessarily harmful; but the gather
ing of a lot of men 'a to saloons leads
almost invariably to excess in drink
ing and in expenditure, and If a
man has a family he owes it to his
wife and children to" afford them
pleasant recreation also.
It in consequence of the. Sunday
lid" being down tight, not only in
St. Johns, but in Portland and ' all
the other towns round 'about, these
worktpgmen of " St. . t Johns save in
the aggregate $1,000 or even $500
every -Sunday," wont It be better tor
that city In the long run than if.lt
received $1,000 r2,00-av year
more - revenue from licenses? i The
people who "spend "this " money .' on
Sundays in. saloons will have, it to
Improve their omes, treat their fam
ilies to something all of . them can
enjoy, buy more furniture and better
clothes and food, and help - every
body except the saloonkeeper , to
prosper. Against; this - Is to be
debited the diminution of the saloon-
men's expenditures, but which is bet
ter the prosperity of four or five
or of a thousand?
T.HE. PURE FOOD SHOW.
FHB FORTHCOMING pure food
, show should be an affair of
positive value to the community
at large, as well as to those who
participate in it. It needs no argu
ment to prove the Importance of
pure foods, and such an exhibition
Is T calculated to stimulate and' en
courage manufacturers and dealers
to be more careful and conscientious
in the preparation and sale of food
stuffs, and also to. cause consumers
to be more particular about , what
they buy.' Tne people who make and
sell only pure foodstuffs are cer
tainly the ones for consumers to deal
with, as against those who sell adul
terated or inferior goods, whenever
the discrimination can be made," and
those who sell only pore and honest
foods laudably .desire the public to
know" that fact. ItUTwell" known
that a large proportion of the stuff
consumed, for yearepast-haa been
Injuriously adulterated or treated
with preservatives or coloring mat
tor,' or falsely labeled, and every ef
fort to reform or improve this ne
farious practice Is to be encouraged
by all consumers.
WHY IMPORT.. WHEN- WE CAN
PRODUCE?,;
STRANGE conditions find their
way into Oregon Industry. At
' many a Vital point arrangements
--are out of gear. Some of them
of late have been pointed out in
these columns. There are others.
. Here is the statement made at the
nurserymen's meeting at Salem that
eight carloads of canned strawberries
of this season a pack have been lm
ported . from other itates Into Ore
gon. The known fact that the best
strawberries in the world are pro
duced in - Oregon, and the further
admitted fact that Oregon has simply
unlimited power of soil and climate
to produce strawberries, make of
this importation a curious comment
on Oregon - enterprise." Why were
Oregon strawberries ' not grown to
meet this demand, why did not Ore
gon capital and Oregon labor can
then, -end why were they not sold
to Oregon consumers under Oregon
labels? . Would we not have aaved
middlemen's profits? Would we not
have saved the freight? Would not
the money sent as profits of produc
tion and manufacture to growers and
eannlng establishments - in other
states have been saved and paid to
growermndtcanningrconcerasrin
Oregon? ', . . . . .. ..
- If we go on holding the soil and
falling to use It, if we go on lolling
In a heritage, of prodigality that na
ture gave ns and never utilise it.
IfY we forever let others produce
what we ' should and buy of us
what we can better and more cheaply
sell to them, ' how can we ,prosper,
and how make Oregon attain the
Oregon that the state for her powers
of" climate and soil deserves to be?
Where are men who are seeking op
portunity? Where is enterprise that
is enterprise? ' ' .
ANOTHER OPPRESSIVE TRUST.
HaaaaHamaaw ' f -
T4HE Pendleton East Oregonlan
1- aays that it Is informed by trav
eling men who visit all the
cities of the Pacific northwest
that building in all of them, as well
as in that town, ha practically
ceased, because "the sawmills In the
nonnwest lumber trust haverhtaed
the price of lumber until It Is im
possible to build." Because-of this,
tne v enaieton paper says, ."the
country, must stagnate and the towns
cease to grow until this octopus can
be made to relax its grip on the
building industry of the country."
This is an exaggeration, as to ex
isting conditions, , because a . good
deal of building, is going on in many
towns and in the country; but there
is no doubt that a great deal more
could be . done if the people . who
would like to build were not charged
extortionate " and unconscionable
prices by the dumber trust and the
plumbers' trust, and made to con
tribute heavily on everything they
buy to the tariff-protected Interests.
The tew are getting rich and many
who would go ahead and Improve
and help build up the country are
kept poor and robbed at every turn
by these trusts, of which the one
complained. of by the Pendleton pa
per ly In this region perhaps one
of the greatest. When it comes to
the golden results of prosperity; we
will find most of them in the pouches
of the protected Interests and trusts.
People who do not own land and
are not In a combine are euchred
out of nil the prosperity that Is al
lowed to reach them. :
fThe people will . awaken some
day," says the East Oregonlan, "and
the . members of the trust who' are
now holding ; the" country - by the
throat will be forced to let loose."
Perhaps so, and then we suppose
they will sit back, upon their hoarded
minions and plead that prices are so
low that it doesn't pay to Nl'o. busi
ness unless they can reduce wages.
, Oregon has within Its territory
today , a very distinguished visitor,
one of the most exalted figures of
the time, the vice-president of the
United States, who as such will be
duly, welcomed and listened to with
interest and attention. He has vis
ited more noted, ambitious and fash
ionable beach resorts than Seaside,
but none where he would meet truer
Americans 'or"bettef " iwople, and
therefore we are sure that he will
be pleased with his visit, as we all
will that he came. , . .
Mrs. Roosevelt, it is reported, has
declared war against the corset, or
at least has cast it aside as a thing
not only - uncomfortable, bnt nnhy-
genlc. and the cause of many , femi
nine ills. - We doubt not that Mrs.
RrosevertisjBntlj:elyoo
conclusions, whether her reported
action should be followed generally
or not. If Eddie Bok Indorses her
action we shall expect a great tail
ing off In the corset industry soon,
Japanese, It is said, are spying
around - American navy yards and
fortifications, which will perhaps do
as an offset against the demolishing
of a Japanese restaurant in San
Francisco. The treafy doesn't give
them a right to spy though we sup
pose they gained little knowledge of
importance. . . .-
Already the enttlng oft of a. child's
legs by a reaper or mower has been
reported. ' How, V father can be so
idiotically careless as this passes
comprehension, yet several accidents
of this una are reported every sum
mer. When the farmer goes, out to
reap, tte-.motber.jwouldbetterjock
up' the children in the house. '
Secretary Garfield and his official
companions beard' some straight,
plain talk Saturday, night about that
Southern Pacific land grant in Ore
gon, and it is to be hoped they not
only heard but heeded and will re
member it. This is a matter that the
government cannot afford to Ignore
any longer. . ;
The harvest of the largest wheat
crop ever grown in eastern Oregon
will begin this week, and as the
price la certain to be good the wheat-
growers np there will have the
wherewithal to secure some of those
lots "" on Easy street that we have
read about. . y '.
There is one week more ot the
Chautauqua assembly at Gladstone
Park, and it deserves an Increased
attendance. Those who provide this
annual season of entertainment and
Instruction merit substantial encour
agement and support. " ?'
Just for a small Piece of reform.
suppose the council prohibits those
nerve-racking" little peanut stand
whistles. They are a small but to
many an annoying nuisance, not in
the least necessary to the vendors.
Since tt is such a bard Job to se
lect a mayor ot San Francisco, why
not consult Abe Ruef, since he has
turned reformer? He might know a
good man for the place.
aaaaaa aaaa aawaa aa Maaa i
The vice-president Is a temperance
man and a Methodist, and If nothing
but that cocktails story stood in the
way he might be nominated and
elected president. 1
Critics of automohlllata will hava to
Admit that so far outotnohlltns haa bean
mora dangaroua to Us darotaas loan to
turstaatlwa.
REAL DANGER IN YELLOW PERIL
: t By F. A. McKanala. ' i
la thara a' yellow peril T Ars the
rellow men and the brown man. the
Mongol and the Moncot-Malay, en the
are of a time whan they will aeriovaly
compete with the wast for the an-
pVemacr of .the world! . .. ... - . .
Three years ao the publicist who
hinted at stfoh a fear was regarded; aa
a monomanias. Thle la no lonrer ao.
Today a wave of apprehenalon is paaa
lna over the world, ,
AnatraUa la planning a navy of her
own, . beoaua her people realise that
they are at the mercy of Japan;' Cali
fornia Is standing . stubbornly" out
against the ooercloa ef the American
federal gorernment and is resolved to
drive the Japaneaa out from her midat;
the Chinese .merchants, tnoensed by what
they consider the unjust treatment of
the Americana, have used the weapon
of commercial boycott with terrible ef
ficacy against them; America Is aug
menting ber Paclfle 'fleet; Formosa, has
been lararelr aloud to . white traders:
Core Is steadily closing, and Japaneaa
rooae emer aaancnuri unaer zavoraoie
olrcumatancea that the white merchant
cannot awcura.
The command of the Paolno 1 pass
ing: to Japan, and." Japan'a oommerclal
navlea are waclnc odm war with our
own on varioua routes. China haa raised
the cry of "China for tbe Chlneee." and
lnterpreta It aa meaning no more con
cessions xor tne Jtiuropeans or .Ameri
cana. . ..., . .
a :. a . . .
While the birth rata in almost every
whit nation la rapidly declining, the
birth and age rates are rising to an.
amaslng degree among the Japaneea and
Chinese, ... -'.:.' ;"".'.
The Mongols for long had thai popu
lation kept down by epidemics, by Ignor
ance and by superstition. The old type
of Chinese doctor learned his profession
oy wainng tne nuis aaa stuayug tne
stars. Ha knew nothing of anatomy or
physiology. . -'
His remedies wars disgusting "and
fantastlo mixtures, and ha railed mainly
for his ourea on two counter-Irritants a
black Blaster and the m akin a- of wonnda
by punctures.. - He knew nothing of
aaeDsls or of Internal auraery. He
powerless before an epidemic or before
aerlous lUneas. . The earn waav true At
an earlier data la Jaran.
Japan haa been remedying all this for
aome years, ana i;nin s rapicuy caang-
Ing it.
In 15 years the population of Japan
haa rlaen from SS.OOO.OOO to 4S.000.AOO.
a growth of 15 par cent In addition
to thle, large numbers of Japaneaa have
spread all over the Pacific In Honolulu
they outnumber any other nation; there
are 110,000 of them la Cora a; they are
acatterlng over Chins, and they are to
be found In ever-increasing numbers
in Manchuria.
While , we talk of race suicide, every
man in Japan considers hlmealf dis-
aced if ha haa not a son. From
W.
aatralla to Madacaacar and from
Louisiana to Siberia there are new Jap.
anese settlements everywhere.
The aame cans that had so marked
and beneficial effect In Japan the in
traduction of western medical methods
Is beginning to work In China. Today
China has 440,000,000,000 . people. The
people of China. Japan and Core now
number about 600.000.000. ' At the pres
ent rate of Increase, they will before a
generation la over have added from 80.
000.000 to . 100,000,009 mora to thalr
anmberr".;..., .. ...... . '
e e
This extra population must obtain an
outlet, r Japan is already overcrowded,
and It was largely the pressure of popu
lation tharethat compelled It to violate
lta solemn treaty 'promisee and absorb
Core. But when Cores Is overrun with
Japanese and Manchuria Is absorbed,
what thenf - ' - ' , .
The people of Japan naturally look
with eager eyes to Auatralla. They aee
there An immenaa continent which is
still only partly settled by whlta men.
There are still loss than 4.000.000 whites
on an area of Just ,e 00,000 - square
miles. - . - .
- In the northern territories there ara
1,400 people on t2$,(t0 aquare mllea. To
day the Australian ia driving the Kanaka
out of Queensland, fearful lest the raoe
should deteriorate by a mixing of blood.
He is trying by many lawe to abut out
yellow and brown and black men. But
he is not breeding sona to people theae
waat miiliana of acres, and he la not
sufficiently encouraging other white
mam n MAma in frflm the Outside.
Now, It la morally certain that tn the
future struggle lor uh no jiu
of ours the only occupation of territory
that will be respected will be that which
ia affective and actual. It will not be
enough for a whlta nation to declare
that a atretch of land belongs to it, and
that none other must eome there. It
m tn nulia lta oocu nation effi
cient by holding, by working, and, if
needs be. by fighting.
President Roosevelt, for one, recog
nises thle, and when, not long ainoe, a
friend of my Own from Australia was
at the White Hons, the president urged
on him with all hie force that the great
problem before Australia, la the peopling
with white men of its northern terrf-
tCJapan or China eonld either of them
abeorb northern AuatraTia. They are
not going forever to endure meekly
being kept out. Many Australians
recognise this, and the coming Aus
tralian navy Is one reeult of such recog
nition. What la true of northern Aus
tralia la equally true ef Hawaii and the
Philippines. .. . .
. Next to the expansion of raoe eomes
the growth Of arms. Japan Is straining
her resources to Increase her navy and
army. Last autumn the Dreadnaught
was launched, the finest battleship tn the
world, and the wonder of all lands. A
few Weeks afterward Japan launched
the Batsuma. greater than the Dread
naught A com pari cm of th twovea
vels Is of Interest:
Praadnaught Displacement, 11,000
tons; length, 810 feet; beam. M feet;
draught. I feet; horaepower. Jt.OOO;
armament. l1'li-lnch guns; 17 11
pounders; speed. 1. knots.
Sateuma Displacement, 11,100 tons;
lanrth. 481' feet: beam, $1V4 feet;
draught TH feet; horsepower. 1M00;
armament, - 11-lnoh guna: 10 10-lnch
una; U lio-muiimeier sw va)
O.lt knots. ' ".' ,u'
ta . . janan has far and away the
strongest fleet on toe Paciac,. and her
sailors are second to none In the world.
A new U,000-ton warship is .now in
course of construction. The Japanese
army has been working unceasingly
since the close of the war. to remove
the weaknesses that were revealed then.
Th n.v.irv Jaoan'a noorest arm. la
being transformed, and the artillery ia
being reequlpped. Four new divisions
'Tare being added to the army this year.
and the introduction or a iwo years
aerrice will before long add 10 per eant
to the strength of the Infantry service.
Great as tbe additions nave oeen our-
Ing the past
few months, they ara not
sufficient to satisfy
satisfy tbe strong military
party in the mikado's dominions.
There Is ho need to speak of the
splendid courage of the Japaneaa sol
dier. Ha haa revealed himself as one
of the finest Infantrymen on earth: He
will endure any hardship with a smile.
and nothing la too 'difficult for hire to
attempt The nation that produced the
neroes wno atiacaea I'orx Annur, ana
who swept all before them at Mukden
and at Lloayang, haa proved Its aaan
hood. If the Japanese generalship did
not in tha past, prove equal to the
magnificence of the troops, every effort
will in the future be mads to do better
next time.
J a nan. slanted by nature In a cosmos
whore attack on her home territories Is
almost JjnposAUiie, is preparing a
launch her legions at any time against
any foe. She is standing for the Inde
pendence of Asia, and even the alliance
between our nations has noti wholly
stopped the saltation now ados! on iu
India, creating dlenontent and longing
for independence there. , j
e e . e ' .
- Japan Is small in numbers; her neigh
bor, Chlna is ths most populous land
on tha earth; ' Ona out of every four of
tha human raoe is a Chinaman, with a
surplus of enough sons of Cathay to
repopulate tha British Islands.. Forced
Into line by the example of Japan,
China Is beginning to emulate the mili
tary example of her little neighbor.
' Tha Chinaman is not naturally a
keen soldier.' The Japanese loves fight
ing for Its own sake and possesses un
quenchable spirit,' absolute fearlessness
and great ambition. The Chinaman, on
the other hand. Is more a commercial
man than a lighter.
Tat ths Chinese have shown, time
after time, that they present the ma
terial for tbe finest private soldlsr in
the world. . '.
' Every one remembers Lord Wolselays
forecast and -brilliant eulogy -on-ths
possibilities of the Chinaman as a
warrior.
The man ef ths north, the Shantung
Chinese, who now covers the powerful
provinces around the Yellow sea. Is a
being- of great stature,, magnlfloent
physique and supreme powers of endur
ance. - He- has no nerves; . he lives so
simply that rice is a luxury to him, and
his staple diet is millet the seed, that
at first glanoa, seems only fit for canary
birds to eat Today China la attempt
ing with considerable auoress to make
these men into soldiera. The Japanese
are - constantly endeavoring to obtain
oontrol of this new army.
Lest autuma X had tha opportunity
of examining, at first hand, tha per
formances of tha northern Chinese sol
diery.. I visited Paotlngfu, the capital
of Chl-lU and the leading military sta
tion In the country.
The Chinese government very kindly
afforded me evaj-jr facility,- and -1 saw
the field operations of ths troops, their
method Of training, and their barrack
lUe In the greateet detail. I went to
Paotlngfu expecting much, for I had
heard much ot the transformation made
in the men. -1 found more than V ax
pecteA an array aa wall controlled aa
any in Europe, modern armed and In
telligently led,-- r -r . r v
mEvery one. has heard of the old type of
Chinese soldier, tha man whose drill in
cluded among other exercises the mak
ing of ugly faces to frighten the enemy
and uttering hideous cries to alarm him
by much olamor. Hoi haa been swept
to ona side. , I ...... - . . .
- i
The new ' Chinese army is dressed
la khaki In summer and serge la win
ter.. The soldiers are well housed, well
armed, well clothed and wall fed. For
weapons they have up-to-date maga
stns rifles, ; and their artillery " eomes
from tha yards of Armstrong and
Krupp and Bchneider-Canet Their- of
ficers and cadets ara now being trained"
after the manner of the German mili
tary schools, and their non-commls-Sjoned
officers go to ths smartest bom
bardiers of Dover or Plymouth.
The army of Chi-H numbers about
80,000 mervjn a vary few years It will
have grown to 100,000, with a further
quarter of a mllllonas reserves.- r
Similar armies are being raised In
other provinces In China, and military
critics are already anticipating the time
when ths Chinese army will -be. num
bered by tha million. If human mater
ial were all that were neoesaary China
could within five years, have an army
of 10.000.000. .-
I do not think it likely, but an army
Of 1.000,000 to 1,600,000 on the field and
as reaerves la quite within tha possi
bilities of the next six years, A
If this army is actually controlled' By
the Chinese themselves I anticipate Ut
ile iruuoie irora it. n wui ne a weapon
of defense in the bands of China, and
wm ueip io eneca some or tne i crude
schemes of exploitation that were In
the air not ao long ago. But should an
other power with great ambitions be al
lowed to secure control, trouble may
soon follow . i
Japanese jingoes openly speculate on
the future, when there will be a Chinese
army of 10.000,000, officered by - Jap
anese, and determined to bring the "yel
low blessing" to Europe. Theae Jingoes
say that we will be much better gov
erned by Japaneae than we can be by
ourselves I Of course, such mad vapor
ing la not to be taken teo seriously and
doea not repreeent - serious Japanese
opinion. But vet it must not he whnii
lost sight of. Accomplishment comes
with opportunity; and a Chinese army
governed by Japan would give Japan
we -opportunity ot oeing .joe mistress
not alone of tha Paclflo, but of the
world. -,-"'' '' . -
:..-.'.- e . a a-,,- ' -
The more immediate . struggle for
racial supremacy will be waged In the
region of oommeroa. The Japanese have
been tn ths past a military rather than
a commercial people. Ths merchant was
despised among them and tbe fighting
man glorified. This .is still so to some
extent but the Japanese, are mora and
mors devoting themhelves to trade. The
last few years, specially ths period
since ths war, have seen ths rise of
Japan into a strong, Industrial position.
Tha navy with which Japan defeated
Russia was mainly built in British
yards; the new Japaneae navy is being
built at home.
A few months ago I went through the
great Kawasaki yards at Kobe. I saw
there ship after ahlp In eourae of con
struction or ncarlng completion. I asked
what the vessels were for. "This is the
new Chinese navy " my guide told me.
Four - years ago , the orders -for these
ships would have gone to the Tyne or
the Clyde. Today Japan Is getting them,
and Is receiving orders for other foreign
ships as well. -
Japan tn tbe near future Is going to
be a great shipbuilding nation. She is
already turning out shlpa of nearly !,
000 -tone, fine is not only going to build
her own nevn, but also aba will be a
great shipping nation. All over the Pa
cific one finds. In port after port
that where the majority of shipping sev
en years age was British the greater
number of ships arriving today are
Japanese, '
This, of ecu re a, does not apply to all
porta. The - Japanese government is
carefully fostering -its shipbuilding and
shipping industries by heavy subsidies.
The British firms which try to compete
with them find that they are fighting
not an individual but a government with
great resouroes of credit behind it -,
e e . e
span Is becoming aa enormous eot
manufacturing country. The Jap
aneses factory owner Is not troubled
by humanitarian laws., Hs ean employ
child labor with little restraint The
Japaneses mills today ara largely" run
on woman's labor, at a fraction over five
penes per day, This woman's, labor Is,
aided by children, who earn anything
from a penny to three pence a day. The
men are paid an average wags ot about
eight pence a day. ' , .
These mills are working day and night
to cope with the orders pouring Into
them from Japan's new dependencies.
They can obtain special rates for their
goods into Manchuria; they have been
able, during the last year, freely to use
Ialny, where they pay no duty, while
the British have to go through New
chwang, where a customs duty is added
to the rose of the gnoda
- The Japaneee exporter finds that gov
ernment money can be had at a low rate
ot Interest to Bala his external trade.
The Jaoanese government Is behind ev
ery staae of Japan's commercial enter
prises, blpltrg In a way that makes even
the thorough and careful support given
by the Oerman government to Its na
tlonala sink Into lnaignlfloance.
The foreigner who tries to establish
himself n Japan finds that he la ham
pered by many lawa aimed at him. He
cannot own land, ha cannot invest In
oertaln favored Industries and he la con
trolled by courts that have been con
stantly charged with favoring their own
nationals. , .
in spite of all this foreigners have
succeeded -In Japan. For Instance, the
British and - Amsrloan tobacco man
ufacturers managed to. build UP a
great tobacco business la Toklo and
elsewhere. The Japaneae government
then passed a law declaring that the
manufacturing of tobacoo was a nation
al monopoly.
The- Brltiah and Americans were com
pulsorlly bought out; and the Japaneee
government started competition with
them In tha Cblneaa and other markets.
.'. e e .
But the commercial competition 'of
Japan la nothing to what we will have
to face from China. The Japaneae Is an
amateur trade, the Chinese Is thalev
srest merohant In the world. Already
factories are springing ap all along the
Tangtse valley. Once the factory sys
tem comas Into China the 'white worker
will have a fight fo his life aa never
before. . f ;:';'' y.'-.
China today is eomtng Into line with
the west In. many ways. ' Tha old con
servatism Is being thrown off and west
ern teaching and western Ideas are
spreading everywhere. '
China Is now the greatest ratlway
butldlng land on earth. "Foot-binding,
the curse and torture of the Chlneee
woman, is now being abolished by the
Chinese themselves. The opium curse,
by which the nation seemed likely. to be
lulled Into the sleep of decay and death,
is now being bravely fought -
It la for us to use-this .moment
when China is malleable," to convince
her, by our generous treatment by our
example, and by our direct teaching,
that If she would imitate us she must
follow alone our commercial efforts., pot
alone our fighting wajra, but the Ideal
ism, the faith and. the morals that have
made England what she if.
1 1, for one, am not prerstred to scoff
at the - "yellow peril. But I am cer
tainly not among those who believe that
we can do nothing to meet this rising
world power. It la for us to take precau
tion now: it Is for as to lead, as we
can lead If we hut rise to our oppor
tunities, these coming people of ths
Paclflo. -.1. ......
-It la for us to sea that the yellow
man cornea lnts line with the reat ot ths
world, and- that his development and
prowess are along ths lines ot world
peace and prosperity. . t ' $ t
Terrors of Higk Prices v
- I, . .
From the Jacksonville (Or.) Poet I '
Frlocs on everything are soaring sky
ward at a rapid -rate. Living expanses
have advanced at least 10 par cent with
in the last two years. News Item. .:
It U a sad thing to see small children
gnawing the bark -oft the poplar, cork
elm and other trees la the back yard; a
feeling ot tender, Irresistible sympathy
surges up in the breast of the writer to
see people eating tha birds off ths hats
of. ths ladles of the household. . The
features of this article have been lying
dormant. In my vocal o herds for months
and musteomeTutpr a ooronar will
soon - be sitting on "my handsome hut
buated ; remains. : But, seriously, bow
long are these thieving prices going to
laatT What is going to berths out
come? Formerly. It. used to be the
doctor, the lawyer, ths minister, ths
Journalist who stood fairly high in the
social scale, who were looked up to as
little tin gods In the communities where
they held forth; but now It Is the
butcher, the baker, the grocer and the
dry goods man who lead the cotllliona,
are. at the front in the grand- marches
and uaa tha blue rencll unresisted.
i - But it Is on the newly married cou
ples that these prohibitive market prtoes
mlstermed "good times," fall tha more
heavily. A young couple lust about to
dare fate by renouncing single blessed
ness hsve an idea that they won't have
to eat after they get married. They
think they ean live on a small hunch of
violets set In the middle of the table
and a couple of kisses to wash thesn
down; they f atuoualy believe, poor de
luded things, that a small piece of blue
ribbon around a white throat a box of
caramel a, a hammock and a full, golden
moon above them Is the sine aua non of
an average married lifein fine, merely
a continuation of their "sparking" daya
But we old married people know differ
ent How long will their honeymoon
last when they are obliged to wait for
the shades of night to throw its mantle
of darkness and secrecy around, so that
they can climb their neighbor's fenoe
and make a successful get-a-way of an
armful of wood? What a damper to tbalr
oonjugal bliss it will be when ths "old
man" more correctly - speaking, tha
foung hueband, is obliged to shin up
rees to hunt for bird's eggs In lieu of
the noble hen'o ggaV-And, particularly,
whan tha lovoua vounc couple is reduced
to such straits that they have to hang
a yellow card witn to a appaiung sign
"Diphtheria In Here; Keep uutr
thefr front gate to scare . swag
on
the
UDiquilous D1U WUWWI.
Toung man, young 1 woman, if you
must get married, if your hearts yearn
for double blessedness and will not be
denied, don't marry a -bum doctor, an
out-at-the-heela lawyer, a seedy editor,
or a shiny-coated minister; don't make
the fatal mistake these days of sky-high
prloes. But get next to a fat butcher,
a red-faced grocer, a bilious clothing
merchant or even a villainous plumber,
and your days will be long upon the
land, your Mahta full' of pleasant
dreams, your hearts full of gladsome
songs, and, which Is mors vital than all.
the rest put together, your hungry little
tum-tums will be full to repletion ot the
fat of the land. ",
( This Date ta History.
1104 Richard I, defeated . Philip II
at Fretevllle. ' ' 1 .
1410 Bales defeated Teuton Knights
at Tannenberg. v
1571 William of Orangs declared
Btatdholder. . '
. JJ8& Duke of Monmouth beheaded.
' 1770 Pennsylvania adopted a 5 state
constitution.
1801 Concordat concluded between
Plug VII and Napoleon.
1808 Murat made king of Naples,
1887 The Carllsts defeated at Va
lencla.
lue Restoration of the- temnoral
power of the pope proclaimed.
18(7 Massacre at Cawnpore by Nana
Bahib. - -
1878 British flag hoisted at Cyprus.
1883 "General Tom Thumb5) C. H.
gtratton). famous dwarf, died.
18o The new Croton aqueduot
opened In New York. ,
18 Remains of the Mtesel chil
dren, supposed to have been murdered
by H. . 1L Holmes, discovered at To
ronto. ..... '
An Ad That Malons People Tired.
' From ths New Tork Bun.
"Now watch 'em yawn," said ths
guard on a subway express as paasen
sere were piling aboard at the Brooklyn
bridge station. A woman sat down and
looked up at an advertisement showing
a yawning baby. Soon she yawned and
yawned and -ewned. Others near her
rased up at the advertisement and fol
lowed suit This started the people on
the opposite side of the car yawning,
although they didn't sea the tad."
"I've never seen so many open coun
tenances before in my life as I have
since that picture was placed In theae
cars," said the guard aa he threw open
the door and howled "Fourteenth, strest
-cJjAngs for local tralna,"
Small Change
AtUn"ota't y"PB 'ena l9,t "ZJf
;
Commissioner Garfield Is really out -west
at last
a e
H,7 T"' buttermilk ready; the vice
president is coming. .
VAn exohange say Mayor Bchmlta Is In
a dilemma, also In Jail. , , -
- ' e e . - - . . ;...... t
Ban Francisco Isn't sure whether It
has any mayor or not,---; .,, -
f --J.-.a- .v-.-j-i-- e.t e -.
The government keeps one large bill
In pretty steady circulation BUI Taft
- .' . a a ' - -, ...
a ea't want' to know what tims '
train wiU arrive, for yoa can t find out. '
- Considering how often be loees his
tamper, Heney's success Is astonishing.
e e
Chios iro has a Judge Fake. The '
trusts would like to have him try their
eaaes. . , .. ',..,,'
, , .
' 1 Instead Of visiting an English mad- '
house, Mark Twain called on Marie Co
rellt v . ... . j . ,
An Indiana man died from a hen
peck, but most ben-pecked men live on '
and suffer,
" e ' a i. . ... t
The Sunday lid apparently VoiALaeVd - I
muoh holding down, hereafter yetSsii I .' I
e e
toco trust- l
fellows ar convicted they will be lm- V
milll fwiVM Mlint.hma.it A
.t . "' a ..". , " ' "
If any one doesn't believe tha p real
dent la entirely aafe and cane, llaten to
ths silence at Oyster Bay,
, - a e -'':'..-.'.:-
Members of a "fir leaf party In Iowa
were arreated. This Is a free country,
to some extent, but no Eden.
.,' V- e e
A Bt XOuls man went Insane from
atlng loa cream. But It never acts
that way on tha summer girl.
' ..-.. e e ,
' The osar will try to see to It that
hereafter no undesirable cltlsen - be
comes a member of the dooms, - -
w- - ' t
Onthe coal carrying preposition Hsr. -Hm
an thinks the people would be on his
side snd "agin the government"
.'. " - - t ' -.'
Now Vlee-Preeldent Fairbanks Is re
ported to have quoted a swear word. It
does look aa if Brother Fairbanks needed
disciplining, t . - -' -.-:-r
A picture Is labeled "John D. Itocke-
feller as He Is." Is is to be Inferred
that ordinarily plotures of -prominent
people are as they aren't
The heavier-" the fines against" Stand-"
ard Oil the higher the price will be
raised. Imprisonment couldn't be thus
transferred to the public - y ,
' Oregon SiJelignts.
. Oerrale is to bavo a 10.000 bank. . . .
,- e e . . 1 ... s
Waplnita has" water af a geptM' oftf
- Twelve Irrtgoa dewberries weighed
four ounces. .... ..... . ,
Bhermsn county can give employment"
to 1,000 men, , , -, . .-
" Newberg's" new cannery may be ths
largest lp tha state, - . . ,. -
: , '' : -
Many additional fruit canneries . are
needed In the WUlamete valley. .
: , ,'' .' e . . ..'.' '"".,
With good management Grant county
will bo out of debt ln two years. .,.. ,,
,'. .. .-. .v-. '.
One Sherman county wheat field . ef
400 acres will yield 40 bushels an acre.
- . -. - e -e ,
A Butte Creek man' will have about '
1,800 tone from two cuttings ot alfalfa
on 00 acres. : s -
It Is estimated that 400 freight cars ,
will be needed at .Union between now
and October . , -
A North Tamhtll man harreated"over
two tons of Royal Anne cherries from 71
trees, less than an acre.
- -. -
A North TamhlU man has an acre of
B runes that haa yielded 1100 a year for
aree years and will yield. lt0 this
'"V . " . - :.-
On less thsn aa acre ef ground near
The Dalles, a man will raise four tons
of cabbage. On an acre he will dear
- ' '." .'
Eees than two years ago a Myrtle
creek man was trying to sell his 80
acres of land for 1 4.000, but this year hs
has sold It in three tracts for '18,000.
... a a ..
From a half acre a man near Milton
haa sold 1244.40 worth of cherries, and
that too, when they were only II pr "
crate and the frost killed part of them.
e e
"'Echo Register: Irrigated land ia well
worth 1100 an acre. Around Echo there
will be 60.000 acres of Irrigated land
soon bearing values every year running
Into millions of dollars, ;; r-,- .
e e
7 Alhanv ia not aa ' lara-a as London.
New York, Chicago, or even Portland,
..... m that A-W t.W
and wandered around for three hoiir
before he succeeded by aaklng quastafis .
In finding his way back to the -iual
part of the city. .
, e e . t .
- District Attorney McFadden ot Cot- ;
vallla haa been .-over to Newport and
in consequence one man was fined 8200
and three others tlOO each and there
are other Indictments against them, for
violating the local option law.
.. ! . e -e - '.' "'
John Bchmlts took up a homes teal
over a year ago, and this summer, on
new ground and without Irrigation, h
has an acre of potatoes that will yield
1170. I acrea of wheat and rye each,-14 -acres
of oatsand 10 acres cf barley, alt .
of which will ' yield well, and four
. . , - . It A A .1 t.l
norsss, mrw cowa uia tvv cnicavn-,
also a house, his plsoe fenced, etc. and
farm machinery, all paid for from tbe
returns of two cropa .
"An
East Bide Bank
Bids People."
for East
THE RIGHT WAY
To save money la to have a sav
ings account and. add to it regu- .
larly from - your earnings,
: By this method you have a con
stantly growing account and one '
that will be of great'use to you
In case of a rainy ' day or when
opportunity for Investment pre-'
Bents Itself.:
. 'If you can open an aoooemt with '
bo more than 11.00, you should
do so. We invite accounts of
11.00 "and Hp front " men," women '
and , children, on which we - pay
:Nv.'
-4 per cent interest, compoun
semi-annually, ;
Commercial Savings Bank i
XCXfOTT Axrp WTT.T.TAsTW ATS,
Qeorg e W. Bates. .' President
J. B. Blrrel, ...Cashier