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THE OREGON SUNDAY ? JOURNAL .PORTLAND. SUNDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 18. 1S03.
What Ashland Is Doing to AtMci
r m : - v T .,..: "V .... 'V. X ' TT - ' . v - V i . I
I I HERE Is -presented herewith a
I . summary of qualltlea or char
1 ' acterlstlcs revealed by signs In
tha hands that will aid in an
swering queetiona easily and quickly,
ears Martini In tha St. . Lou la Olobe
Democrat. ' '
' Acqulaltlveneaa (Fig. 1). All fingers
curved Inward; bead Una long and
straight (a); no etretch between first
finger and thumb (b).
1 i1 , . '
. . From a' Letter to the London Tlraea.
SIR: I do not think it haa ever
: been aufBclently reoognlxed that
"in thla matter of spelling and pro
J nunclatlon tha rule everywhere la
that the masses of the poor and igno
rant are the arietooratlo conservatives.
while the cultured and educated, are
the radical Innovators.
t Our older authors tried to spell pho
netically. Just aa unlettered rustics do
today. Archbishop Trench collected 18
different ways in which he found "aud
den" epelted by our earlier writers. That
"eold not-be done from the writings of
ur un!veriItypTOfeaaoTB nowadays but
It could be done from the tetters of
our workhouse pauper.
The same rule holda good aa to pro
nunclatlon. which like spelling, gram-
. tnar, the fashions Is always altering
more or less rapidly. Any ona to years
old and sufficiently observant could
' point to soma more or less distinctly
-walked variations In pronun,rltlona
having taken place within his own ex-
-' " perience. - But the poor and Ignorant are
far less affected by auch linguistic mod-
40oationa.ahan.are the erudite and the
. . scholarly. So emphatically la this true
that if our literary forefathers of the
fifteenth or the alxteenth century were
, to come to Ufe now they would be far
better able to understand the speech of
the Illiterate poor than that of tha ao-
': compllahed savant. What" w eaU "vul
gar" pronunciations or "Ignorant pro
vincialisms" are-usually the purest
' forms of old English pronunciation. Let
. us take the following sentences of old
' classical English:
We had auch a aight of rain, that the
tvater In the river rla to a great hlghth;
. and being afeared an accident might
happen, I went to Squire Wllkina, and
aaya I to tha maids in the kitchen, "Will
- you-plaiBe- keep them chlldar from
wraetllng and lepplng near tha river's
edgeT I towld you that afore, and I'd
toe obleeged to. you If you'd mind what
I say, for if any of them geta drownded
, it won't be my faut." "Whisht with
your 1)0180," aaya the cook. "The squire
. was in town since Monday, but he's
tack now, and the chllder won't be let
pluy there no more." "Tie, I aee the
' squire coming back. aLThursday," aaya
I, "and I hard that he went to the the-
,'. aytre a' Tueaday. Ia that truer" "Troth
It is." ' "Well, I'm bet if I know what
took him there, and he ao deef." . The
, oook waa making some wayk tay, but
she didn't axe me to have any. - The
Jiayt waa so great that the squire, she
- said, never slep a wink all night. "He
deserve it," says L "What call bad he to
r "Sure - It -was- wonderful'., said
the oook. "There was a murther' per-
. .. formed on the stage; It made the master
tinaisy to see how the people wep." "tie
had no right whatsomever to go, and
tils chllder running wild. I daresay now
he'd rayther have stopt at home." .
I do not pretend that the above rep
resents any particular locality. - Some
' of the pronunciations are perhapa pe
' cullar to ona part of the British Isles
and others to some other part Some
ara very common In parts of Ireland;
soma in carta of Scotland or of Eng
land. But one and all, It wIlF reudTly'
tie conceded, are now vulgnrlnm. and
were any one to apeak thua In polite an-
clety he would at once be shunned as' a
blatant vulgarian. Yet every one of the
above - word ia good and genuine old
IwKlleh. sod may be' Juatlsed by an
appeal to me beet of our early classic
writers. , Let ua take these "vulgarisms"
"A sight or' This expression la used
ty ,Tyndlein his translation. ofth
New Testament. Where the authorised
version has . "an Innumerable company
of an gel a," he baa "a aight of angels."
eb. x11:JI. " 'i
"Rls" "The price . of corn Vis last
market day," says Archbishop Trench,
Is la en aense quite as good English
aa the price of corn "rose last market
dwy Kngllnh Peat and Present," p.
"Hlghth" Aa lata aa the time of
Charle II trite srord was In use. "That,
to the hlghth Of this- great argument, I
Br If. F. Esgleston.
BHLANX.Uupusually tVWJ.., k!nd Providence to this splendid re-
. ' location. It la near the head
-V of the Rogue river valley una
haa tha advantages of flna ell-
Jaate... variegated, n1 productive mil.,,
ana attractive acenio environment, near
by is a country of mountain aplcndor and by tha Commercial club orgsnlsa
traversed by beautiful streams leading tlon. which recently replaced the board
down to the rich lowland which sus- of trade, than haa been apent In the
tain, agricultural and horticultural In- almple . advertisement of the country
dustrlee unexcelled In any country. - and Ita natural attraction.
. Ashland's chief work In tha effort to The Idea haa been growing that cJtIo
get her shareof , the Immigrants coming
'"-Hl-J?1 S"LJ&i--h?i'-n-Jw ."l'tk'-
hi known the natural advantage we
'. Ashland la known as the climatic cap.
Ital of Oregoni and It la; aa the "peach-
blow paradise." and It Is; as the educa-
flonaLeenter of southern Oregon, haying
the finest public schools, and It is so;
- ea poe sensing the best gravity- water
system on the -coast, and It la accepted
. as true, ty those-who visit us from tha
neighboring atatea; aa an Ideal spot
for homes, unrivaled for the health ful
ness of Its climate, a place f.or aweet
repoae and escape from the rigor of
winter and oppressive heata of summer; gon State Normal school and there have -The board of trade erected aa at
as the center of the beat fruit region, been large expenditures for bettermenta tractive exhibit building at the railway
especially berries, - applea. peara and of the water ayatem. - Within a few depot last year, and haa maintained a
peaches. In tha west, and that la proba- weeka tha waterworks, which ara wholly fine - exhibit there since. ,,Thia baa
bly .true. . It la certainly not excelled owned by the city, will comprise about proved a very effective agency la adver
In ita natural adaptation to these fruits.- IS mllea of pipe lines. 1 Using tha country. . ,
Adaptability (Fig. 1). Thumb flexi
ble, especially so In first Joint (a); fin
gers and palm flexible; head Una slop
Calculation (Fig. I). Fingers long
and knotted (a); head Una long and
straight (b); little finger long and
square (o)- '
Conventionality (Fig. 4). Fingers
straight and atlff and aet close together
(a); palm atlff and thumb etraight (b).
may aVSsert Eternal Providence, and
Justify the waye of God to men." Mil
ton. - "Paradlee Lost." L L 14. And
again, "Thou oft amidst their nlghth of
noon changest thy countenance and thy
hand." Ibid.. "Samaon Agonlstes," I,
. . ..
- "Afeared" "For sore afeared of hie
death waa he." Chaucer, "Knlght'a
Tale," 1, 460. '
"Plalae" "It la tolerably plain that
"please' was pronounced as the French
plalse,' as It still Is pronounced by the
majority of English people." Karle,
"Philology of the English Tongue," p.
17. ' ' :
"Them"" "Put them things away' Is
not bad, but only antiquated English."
Trench, "English Past and Present,"
" Childerw-TO chnderarepretty
chllder." Beaumont . and Fletcher,
"Knight of the Burning Pestle."- L . cf.
Morris, "Elementary Lessons," p. 7.
rihe oldest plural waa rl)rtrn,' which be.
came 'chlldre,' 'chllder,' "children and
chlldern -- - .
"Wraetllng" "At wrestling ha would
have alway the ram." Chaucer, "Pro
logue," 1, Ml. "That, while twe pol
eona wrestle, we may leave." Ben Jon
son, "Be Janus." III. "All locks and
gripes of wrestling." Milton. "Tractate
"Lep" "Slep," "lep, "bet," common
old English past lenses. (Sea Morris"
"English Accidence," p. 147.)
."Towld" "I towld you what I hard
say." Latimer. "Sermons before Ed
ward VI." (Seventh sermon.)
"Afore" "As I wrote you afore In
few words." Epbeslans IIL, I (Romans
"Dreading e'en fools, by flatterers, be
And so obliging that ha ne'er obleeged."
Pope, "Prologue to the Satlrea," 107.
"Drownded" "Eaten of beasts,
drownded in the sea,"- Bunyan, "Pil
"Faut" "When Samuel bard of their
faut ha went about to excuse their
fautes." Latimer, "Sermons Before Ed
ward VI." (Flfth' sermon.)
"Whisht" "And when they perceived
that Solomon, by the advice of his
father,, was snnolnted -king, by and by
there was all whisht; all- their good
cheer waa done." Latimer, Ibid. - (Sec
Won't be e no more." The
double negative la common In old Eng
land cf. "There naa no dore that he
nold heva of harre." (There was not
no door that be would not heave off
Its hlngea.") Chauccr'e "Prologue."
Slow that, yet he should hear all thla
Or they espy hit. "O yla, yls."
Chaucer. "House of Fame." M 1, 117.
"Bee" (for saw). i ' ,
"For by the mone she aelgh hit . wel
Chaucer, "Legend of Good Women,"
II., 107. . -
: "A' .Thursday" "I mun be married
a Sunday." Cdall, "Ralph Royater
Doyster." V., . ,
"Hard" "So I did not affirm It to be
i'truewyet. .Jiard.'.,"l.harl aay sine
or - another - murder. ltimer t (firth
sermon). ,' . . .' ...
'And forth Issued, as on the ready floor
Of some theaytre. a grave personage."
Spenser, "Faery Queen," III, 'II.
"Troth" Troth both." Ben Jonson.
"Bet" "Old simple , form." (See
"Deef "But she waa somdel deef.
and that waa ekathe," uor, "Pre-
logue," Hi. -
"Vi;ayke" "And wayke ben the, oxen
In my plow." Chaucer, "Knlght'a Tale,"
"Tay"-. ! i
"And thou, great Anna, whom three
Poet sometime counsel take,' and some
times tay." ' '
Pope, t'Rnpe df the Look."
"Ax"--'You lovers axe I now this
question.' Chaucer, "Knight's Tale,"
To supplement the bountiful gifts of
. ZiZZ. IZhZ?
?r'-; - Z"":.m "i" ' '." VI.
,, ,',.,, r, v1M1. 'A ,
provenienta-' and In- nr.ura men itf
auch work by public aplrttad eltlsena
Improvement' la ' potent (n bringing
" population; tnaf gftWI itrn.ti, r.
ment -sidewalks and thoroucb sewerage
of the city are very great advantages
In promoting the growth of a town. ,
Acting upon this the municipal gov
eminent ho s been buay In Improvement
By the end of the year there will
have been laid over three and one half
miles of sewer llnea In Ashland since
last April and mora are projected.
The water system haa been extended.
carrying the water to suburban tracts,
which are being rapidly occupied by
new homes, and to tha Southern Ore-
Shown by Lines m the H
Deceit (Fig. I). Little finger long
(a): head line eloping and forked (b);
band partially closed when sitting; also
very eoft or flabby.
Idleneaa (Fig! ). Palm fat and soft,
with no knuckles visible, add fingers
tapering, venue- large (a); moon
large (b). .
Melancholy (Fig. 7). Fingers long
(a); mount of Saturn large (b); mount
of mercury flat or missing (o); mount
"Hayf "In tha Earl of Surrey we
find heat rhymes with great, and no
doubt It waa a true rhytoe. - Surrey pro
nounced heat as the majority- of - Our
countrymen at least In the west coun
try still do vis., as hayt." Earle,
"Philology of the English Tongue," p.
17. ... .; -.. ...... ....
"Slep" Three daya alep ha al on-on."
"Old English Miscellany," p. 14.
"Deaarvee" VDryden usually prints
starve 'starve.' and 'starve' and 'deserve'
were doubtless pronouneed starve and
deserve. "-r-W. D. Chrlatle-Qlobe edition
of Dryden's poems, 270.
"Murther" (modernised to "murder
In most editions of Shakespeare) "Mur
ther most foul, as In the beat tt Is."--Shakespeare,
"Hamlet." I, iv. .
"Alse-Aiay" (See "plalse"
"Tha peasant and the post that aerves
at all assays.
The ahlp boy and the galley alava have
time to take their aiie."
"Whatsomever" In the alxteenth cen
tury -we often find -whatsomever.'"
Mortis, "Elementary Lessons," p. 121. .
"Rayther" "The rayther lamb ben
sterved with oold." . ("The early lambs
are killed with cold.") Spenser, "Shep
herd's Calendar." .
Tha foregoing list might ba largely
added to, but it will be sufficient for
our' purpose. The "vulgarisms" It ex
hibits, be it observed, are not provincial
isms, or the remalna of dying dialects:
for they are common to England, Ireland
and Scotland. They are. In fact, the
cast-off garmenta once used at the head
quarters of culture, authorship and roy
alty, worn by the Hallama and De Qula
reys of the Plantagenet age, by the
Shelleys and Wordsworths of Tork and
Lancaster times, by. the Rusklns and
Macaulaya of the Tudor days, and by
the Brownings and Tennysons . of th
Stuarts, . and now preserved and atlll
utilised by the large family of retainers,
menial and domestics scattered abroad
throughout the kingdom.
Mystery of the
THE most famoua ease of mysterl
our disappearance Is that of the
"lost dauphin." Louis XVII of
France, hooks ana articles in
numerable have been written to prove
that- this unfortunate child of the Bour
bons died in the prison of the temple.
In-ParlBr-en - June 4, 17Wh-or to- prove
that he did not die there at alL For
the laat hundred yeara "falsa dauphins"
have from time to time put forth their
claims to be considered the rightful king
of France, and though the controversy
haa long ceased to be of praotlcal Im
portance the old discussion Is occas-
slonally renewed. ,
The orthodox belief Is that after the
death , of his mother, Marie Antoinette,
on the guillotine. In the "reign 'of ter
ror," Louis, then a feeble child of 10,
was brutally abuaedand.neElected.by
his Jailer, and that, gradually succumb
ing to the effects of ill treatment, he
died on June t, 1795, and was "hastily
burled In some obscure grave. On the
other hand. It Is asserted that another
child waa substituted for the dauphin.
that 460,000 was given to the Jailer and
that Louis was carried down the Seine
In a boat. In their accounts of what
happened to him then, the various pre
tenders all diner. . : .
did escape there are certain well-authenticated
facta. In one document, dated
112. Louis XVIII apes ks of himself as
regent, not king, of Franca. No effort
wns ever made to And the grave of Louis
XVII, though the aupposed ashea of
Loula XVI and of Marie Antoinette were
exhumed and relnterred with great pomp
In tha abbey of St. Denis; and there are
other Indication that tha Bourbon
themselves doubted very much iha death
of the uncrowned king.
Tfeera is slag some tuadicU svUeuoe to
Ths Ashland Eleotrln Uht ramnur
has InsUUed S practically pew lighting.
plant and the streets of tha city ara
provided with 144 street lights, which
will be aoon Increased to ,
- rosatrtarahln street, and sldswalk lm
provements ara projected and some are
With tha advent of tha hew year,
when more money will be available. It
la expected a better and mora expensive
atreet Improvement will be Instituted.
There la an unflagging Interest In the
welfare of . the public school system,
and Ashland always has a care that It
shall be aa good aa It oan be made."
The popularity of our publlo schools la a
drawing card for newcomers and It la
so appreciated by our eltlsena. '
From the foregoing It may be in
ferred that Ashland la doing something
to get a proportionate share of the tide
of immigration to tha Pacific coast
and the fact that her. board of trade
was alert during thapast three yeara
10 am aavamages ox aaverusing, sup-
piles the explanation of Aahland being
tha largest town In Oregon south of
Eugene. ". .. ';.-:
of moon high and developed near the
wrist (d); head line sloping to or Into
the mount of moon (e); fingers often
Narrow-mindedness (Fig. I). The
quadrangle very narrow (a); head line
atralght (b); fingers and thumb- con
Religion (Fig. ). Finger of Jupiter
atralght and pointed (a); good heart
and head llnea (b).
Antitoxin for Old Age
spy ROLONQED youth Is a subject
j i that haa received much attention
y , by solentlsts abroad of lata and
- given rlae to" manrTntereatlng
experiment and theories. number of
theaa theorlee aa to the process of old
aa ara aet forth in a paper recently pre
pared by Dr. Carl Snyder of London for
the Monthly Review.
One of tha authoiitiee he quotes. Dr.
Demange, holda that old age ia essen
tially a . case of insufficient nutrition,
brought about by tha disorganisation
and decay of the finer blood veaaela and
capillaries.- But " Dr. Snyder arguea
arterial- degeneration -la Dut a part of
tha general decay, not a cause.
A Russian physiologist, famous for his
description of the phagocytes, offers this
theory: He destlngulshes among these
devouring cells two varieties: the one
which he calls tha mlcrophags, that ia,
tha little devourera, whose main business
Is with the . defense of the organism;
these are throurtiotw the body In the
brain. In the blood, tha lymph and tha
tissues; - and the eeeond verietyj the
macrophage, sometimes mobile, some-
time nxed, Old age la 4h work of tha
macrophage. Everywhere throughout
the body. In the brain. In tha nerve, in
the Important organe Metcbnlkoff pic
tures theee devouring cells aa attacking
tha moat active elements of the tissues
that is to say, brain cells, the liver cells.
the kidney cells and converting these
Into a sort of connective tissue no longer
able to carry on their former functions.
Dr. Snyder atatea that Dr. Wolfgang
Welcbardt, a German physician, has re
cently made a long and arduoua series of
experiments 400 or more In number
with the most amaslng results. He takes
teet animals guinea pigs, for example
puts them on a miniature treadmill and
runs them until . they fall dead .from
exhaustion. Then ha expresses or oon
eocta from the fatigued muealea of theae
animal a Juice or sap. When this sap
Is injected into the vetna of unworked
guinea plga they ahow promptly all tha
show that In an Interval of two or three
daya a very decided etiange in the condi
tion of the temple prisoner took place.
Moreover Default, the physician who had
attended the boy, died suddenly eight
days before his patient Is alleged to
have passed away, not without - soma
suspicion of poison, and tha physicians
who took hla place would not- have been
able to detect the substitution had there
In . J82 g Frenchman named Herbert,
came forward as the real Louis XVIII.
His story made little Impression. After
1830 a Prussian named Naundorff made
himself more conspicuous, and a few
yeara ago .the Jlev. Eleaser Williams
obtained quite a following In this coun
try. Williams, ' the scoffers said, was
really a ha) f -breed Indian missionary
who, after haunting Washington for a
long time In the hope of obtaining money
for the Indiana, became very poor him
self and possibly unbalanced mentally.
He certainly had an Interview with the
Prince de Jolnvllle, Loula Philippe's son,
when tha prince came to America In
18.1, but there la nothing but Williams'
word to support his assertion that In
that Interview the prince disclosed to
him the secret of his birth. Whether
Bourbon or half-breed, Williams did not
flourish In this world, and in I860 he
died In poverty, his story .vary, generally
Tha discussion of the clalma of such
men aa Herbert, Naundorff and Williams
has nothing to do, ' however, with the
doubt that still hangs over tha end of
Loula XVII. king of France. Whether
he died In the temple, the victim of a
shoemaker's brutality, or wss spirited
sway to die years afterward In some
unknown corner of the world, tha grave
of the deacendant of the proudest family
In Europe Ia as completely lout aa that
of Ua poorest gamla of Paris.
, ' II
Narrow P ""
Timidity la indicated by a depreealon
at the third phalanges of fingers: head
and life line ' Joined for some distance
Into the hand; thumb small; nppar
mount of Mara flat or absent
Anger la ahown by red nails, and
llnea very high in color and deep; nails
with square baaea ahow revenge.
' Foolishness la betrayed by a weak
first phalanx of thumb; head Una slop
ing and ehort; hand eoft.
outward signs of fatigue can support ao
effort, their ayee stick out from their
heads: at tha end of M to 40 hours they
die. The aap concocted from the fresh,
unworked animals ahowa se auch ef
fect. Prolonged muscular ' activity, than,
produces in the muscle a poison which,
circulating through tha body of tha ani
mal; causes Its death. This poison is a
definite substance, which, Injected Into
other animals, produces Identically tha
same effects. It Is In its notion evi
dently much the same as tha potsbns
elaborated by bacteria. Following the
nomenclature In vogue, - Dr. - Welohard t
calls thla an ermudungs-toxtn that la
a fatigue toxin or fatigue polaon.
Naturally thla discovery at one opened
np a wide field for thought and specula
tion. Dr.- Snyder- aska why- it la pot
possible that there Is an antitoxin, a
serum which by injection would protect
the body from the ravages of this fa
tigue polaon to which old age la attrib
utable. In other words. If there ia an
antidote for thla disease of old age will
not its application keep' tha body con
stantly youngtWlll ltnot practically
eliminate old age from civilised nat
ures and materially postpone death?
It would bo ' aomewhat startling if
after alt tha fountain of perpetual youth
was found to really exist In ths twen
tieth century and to ba located in tha
laboratory of a chemist. '
Dr. Snyder says in ; dlscusstsf this
phase of tha eubjoct. -
"Why ahould not tha fatigue toxin a
produce an antl body Juat like the restT
ut. watchaxdt baa ahown that they do,
and. moreover, he haa ahown that, Juat
aa la the case of tha baoterlal polaona,
a very little fatigue toxin Injected into
the veins of an animal produoeo an ax
cess of anti poison, so that It Is today
litera.ly possible to Inoculate aa animal
against fatigue. The German experi
menter haa ahowa that animals and
even human beings thus inoculated are
capable of much more prolonged exer
tion than without It."
Ha aleo notea that Dr. Metehntkoff
suggests that some anti-toxins might be
found which would reinforce the aging
oella and stimulate them - to renewed
youth. Dr. Welchardt noted that the
fatigue polaona disappear spontaneously
when the muscles sre given tlma to rest.
Dr. Snyder supposes that they ara aim
ply oxidised. He holda faat to two note
worthy facta in tha matter: ,
"The first is that old age la In aome
sens merely accumulated fatigue; the
second la that ona very striking condi
tion, if it be not an essential condition,
la- oM age ia lessened oxidation."
Dr. Snyder mentions the Russian path
ologist Belonovsky, who has shown that
the hemolysins, tha poison serums which
In quantity destroy red corpusclee, stim
ulate the production of the oorpuaclea
when administered In very minute doses.
This dlscovesy has been used for . the
treatment of anaemia,
Will It ba of avail In warding off old
, The Babys jDefeat.
Mies Doretbea Klumpke, the -famous
woman astronomer, was talking, on ber
laat visit to San Francisco. - about a
quarrel between two great mathemati
cians, "So," she concluded, "the ona same
out on top first, but tha other came out
on top afterward. It was like a young
couple I know of and their baby.
' "The baby gets ths better of bis par
ents In the night On toward 4 o'clock
In the morning,. It ia a common thing
for hla mother to say despondently:
" I can't get baby to take thla medi
cine at alL'
"And the weary father will anawar:
" T. suppose he's afraid It's some
thing to make Mm sleep.' ., .
- "There Is whers baby oomes out on
top, -Rut when baby's birthday arrives.
and you ask his mother what shs gsve
him for a present, shs la aa apt as not
to anaweri - , .
" 'I took IK out of the little darling's
bank and bought him this beautiful par
lor table." , . v r
Passing of the French
f Guillotine '
By AJphonse Le Brun.
HEN tha long parliamentary
. vacations ara aver and tha
. French chamber meets again,
a portentous question - will
have to ba decided onoa and for all: "Ia
capital punlahmant to ba aboltahedT in
France and tha executioner ta go"
There seems Uttla doubt that the
Radical majority will answer this ques
tion In the affirmative, and wa may
expect that era long tha terrible guillo
tine tha "widow" aa It la laoetiooaiy
termed ia Paris slangwsrlll leave ita
present quarters ia the Rua da la Folle-
Resnault for a permanent home in the
Varnavalet museum, to ba gmaed at as
a rello of bygone times and thrill tha
blood at lav ere of the aenaatlonaL
The budget committee haa anticipated
tha vote of parliament by recommend
ing tha suppression of Anatole Delbler's
salary and alio wan oe as publlo exeou
Tha situation created by thla recom
mendatton la altogether curious v and
I anomalous. For soma time past na
exeeutMn naa seen witnessed at nna
for tbet simple reason that since La
Roquettts prison was pulled down about
four years ago tha guillotine haa no abid
ing plaoa In tha capital. Every time it
Is proper to confer thla honor on this
or that quarter , or square, auch a storm
of protest is raised by tha Inhabitants
Interested that the-- project la dropped
forthwith More-than one -criminal Is
lying In a Parle prison under sentence
of death, and the president of the re pub
llo flnda himself practically compelled
to commute the capital penalty Into one
of lifelong imprisonment.- One Jovial as
sassin, who delights in ths nickname
of "La Friae dee Hallea" (Curly Wig
of the Aarket) vows that ba will not be
"They have condemned me," ha says,
"and titer shall execute wel" ,
Widow Works in tha Province.
' Meanwhile the "widow has been doing
ber bloody work In the provinces and
M. FalMeres baa been free to exercise the
prerogrntlve of mercy atriotly on the
merits - of each case. Now, however,
that thle budget committee has spoken,
ths preuident will in all probability feel
himself constrained to give provincial
criminals tha benefit of the doubt until
tha question Is aettled. Only the other
day the Jury et the Bouchea-du-Rhona
condemned a murderer to the death
penalty. It la, to say tha least, an em
barrassing situation. '
After tha erlmlnala themselves this
question most - nearly affects Anatole
Delblen tha publlo executioner. Anatole
Mi. die Paris, aa- he is termed (for
Frenchmen will cut a Joke at death him
self) is the third member of a famoua
dynasty. His grandfather was the
founder of tha line, so to speak. His
dexterity was auch that ba onoa guillo
tined eight sallore at Brest at a elngle
stroke -of the knife. Louis, who euo
oeeded - him, died two years ago at the
ripe agte of ffl. after having terminated
the existence ef 4T orimlnals at both
Ths executioner's mantle descended on
the shdulders of Anatole, who, as his
father's; assistant, had already dis
tinguished himself on many traglo oc
casions by hla coolness and resourceful
ness. ' ste is a big, powerful man with
blue eye and a short chestnut beard
and lodks in private life anything but
aa exaoutloneer. Since his nomination he
has presided at four' executions, the
last that of the assassin Possl at Bel
fort in -October, 1904. s.
A Pav3ng Position. ,
The talary and emoluments of "the
publUi ejxecutloner ers anything- but con
temptible. - M. da Paris has a fixed an
nual income of 4.000 francs (ttJOO). to
which must be added a further sum of
1,000 frincs (11,600) . for the upkeep of
the guillotine. : He haa four assistants,
two of tvhpm are paid 4.000 francs -(4300),
tha othr two 1.000 francs (4600) a year.
Then an allowance of 10 francs ($2) Is
made tq each executioner for every day
that the guillotine Ms In operation. -An
Important perquisite Is the sale of new
and second-hand guillotines ' to ths
colonies and to foreign countries, and
of "guillotine" clgar-outters, which ara
much almght after In certain circles.
Ths net annual Income of the Delblers
may, t sere fore, be calculated at 10,000
M. Dtfbler lives. In a nice little villa
In the, rue de BUIancourt near the
"fortlfa" (fortifications). It Is a kind
of Bwlsa chalet In the midst of a gsrden
with a fine acacia overshadowing the
gate. , Vou would aay "there Uvea a
phllooorlher," and you would add, on
seeing His spy-hole, "a mistrustful one."
As soon as tha bellbandls at ths garden
gate Is pulled the blinds are let down
as by nraslo probably by an automatlo
arrangement. On a closer . Inspection
you perceive that tha gate Is protected,
doubtless . as a precaution agalaat a
sudden attack en tha part of those ter
rible Parisian hoodlums, th Apaohes, ,
for it. Delbler, in the nature of things.
must have mora anemias than
VH1 Has a History, r - ' ,"
' Hare, than Uvea at . Delbler ta tha
bosom of his family when be la not
catted away by bis effloial duties. Thla
villa, by tha bye, haa a history. It waa
purchased by Loula Delbler after ba had
guillotined RavaohoL when tha terror of
anarchist vengeance was such that net
a landlord ia Parts dared ta aoeept tha
executioner aa a tenant. -Tha purchase
price waa K.000 franca (ts.000), part ef
which was furnished by tha eliate.
Deiblera family consists of Madame
and -a little daughtsr. Madame waa at
ona time a pretty laundress ta the
boulevard Exelmans aha is still pretty, .
of oours and they say It was a love
match. There Is no aooauatlas for
tastes. -- -rj .
Among- his friends M. Delbler Is kaewn -as
"M. Anatole," The Initiated eaa find
him at his safe la tha boulevard Ex el-..
mana, but tt eaa readily be imagined
that be doea not court publicity.
- I do not think U. Delbler will take his
"execution', very moon to heart. He
may reckon on compensation ef seme
sort or ether, but It must not be forgot
ten that hs is not a state functionary.
Tha. publie exeoufioner Is an : "under
taker," -ao-Ie-wUl -have legal -elaisa -to
a pension. '
An regards this world's godda. M.
Delbler Is comfortably eft. Like a good
bourgeois, be haa built a six-story houoe
In- the Rue de la Convention,' which will -ba
let out in flats, the rent ef whtoh will -Insure
him a sufficient income. He has
an automobile and a bioyele. what
more can be desired?
- "There are i many worse ' eft than I," .
ha has been heard to aay, and moat
people will agree1 wita him.
Tes, the "widow", la doomed. With her
bucket of sawdust she has been ooetlng
dear of lata. In view of tha rarity of
executions it has been oomputed that
each tlma aha operates she eosta the
state 10.000 francs (U.000). ' .
W. J. Bryan
(Continued from Preceding Page.)
At laat tha obetruotlou muet yield t
the force of the current. Ia monarch
ies and aristocracies the dam la some
tlmea built ao high that it muet be
removed by force that the waters may
have their way, but in republics tha bal
lot can be relied upon te keep the ehan
pel of the stream open, or, If obetruo- ,
tlon Is placed there, to remove tt while
yet It can be removed with safety. The
advantage of a republlo Is that the peo- -'
pie, through their representatives, are
sbls to give publlo opinion free plsy,
and the more democratic a republlo is,
the more nearly does it eonform te the -wishes
tt the people,-- - ;
No one csn study the governments of
the old world without a feeling of gratl- '
tude that In the new world the science V
of government has been carried to Its
highest point, and that the people enjoy
the privilege and bear the responsibility
of leading the world in recognising -the
right of the people to devise and to di
rect, the government under . which, they.
are to work out their destiny.
Words That Cost 11,000 Bach, '
' - ' ' Philadelphia Bulletin.
"At the Franklin, a literary olnb ef-
Phlladalphla, a young poet, licking his
lips, said that Conaa Doyle was paid
1 a word. '.. . ,
That Is nothing" said, a railroad ad--
vertlelng man. "I know of a case where
a map was paid 41. 000. a word. Our
Una used to have at Ita grade crossing
a very long end complicated elgn that
began, 'Beware of tha englnea and ears,'
and than thla algn went on with a lot
of Injunctions and warning that woull
have taken five minutes to read. .
In a number of accident -cases the
complainants for damages declared that
our long signs were not clear warnings.
Therefore the- line decided at laat to
get a new grade crossing sign, and
Judge Faxon-waa engagsd to write one.
"Tha algn that Judge Faxon Wrote
cast 11.000 a word, but It was a clasalc
It Is as - well . known . among us as
'Father. I cannot tell a lie.' or 'Eng
land expects 'svsry man to do his duty.'
"The. sign that cost ft.000 a word, or
44.000 Jn all, was the famoua "Railroad
Crossing Stop, Look and Listen.' " - .
"If thunder trvel 00 miles la, twe
minutes, and lightning goes -twlci as
fast, how far-can lightning go In ten
"I don't know, ma'am, X ain't no