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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
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rPORTLANDr-OREGON, rHURSDAYEVpNING, MARCH 15, 1908.FOURTEEN PAGES
PRICE TWO CENTS. urAXMrnt0 cIJt2
11-- - ;.. v '
-- ii i n I Tii i 1 ' ' " H I r l i. i - m - u - . ..-mjJiiTjHH
ONCE EVERY 3 YEARS EVERY DOLLAR" '
IN COUNTRY IS -TAKEN BY: RAILROADS
. nn nnn nnn nnn mir n nMininn nrtiniM nnnri iv n n-riur lun-i- n nnr-i-
Senator Tillman Presents Committee's Report
of Railroad Regulation Law With Recom
i:7. mendationfor Amendmentsr; " ;
Urges That A1I issues
' " (Journal Special Ber-lce.) :
,.: .. Washington, March 1. Senator Ben
Jamla Jl TUIman of South- Oarull na, to-
day presented the senate Interstate eora
' rn area comm lttca'a report on, the fteo
burn rallioad rata regulation bill, with
recoromfndstlgriH. .. TIerepoTrle ;a
bulky -document, containing more than
MOO words. Among other things. Sen
,'. .. "Tha gross annual earnings of rall
1 luads in IBS UnitiaBIalea in round
" numbers approxtroatea two thousand
. million; dollars. - Tha . nat - earnings
yearly are aaven hundred millions. Onca
vary yaar avery dollar circulated In
thla country paaaaa through the hands
1. of tha-, railroads... Onca ... every - three
years every dollar In. thla country be
cornea a part of tha n profits of the
I an roans. i
Greater nu Ooremmast. i '
t '' "These net earnings ar greater an
nually than the entire expenditure of
the United States government. It la
, email wonder then that the moat bril
liant legal mind a hare been retained to
make explanation for the railroada. to
' frame lawa for the railroada and secure
their pannage, to exercise an overmaa
, terlng influence over the Judiciary, the
executive departmenta of atatca and of
the nation. "Tr"
. "The average plticen la almost driven
to believe that the light of the people
. against the railroada is . hopeless, and
; thu tho government la controlled by
the railroada.1 Tha liberties of the peo-
pie are- In Jeopardy Party linea 1n the
. committee have been broken. Those
senators agreeing to favor tha - same
T t : r
er of the Oreaonian:
Mocum, circulation manager of the Oregonian: . .
J March 1. lOi.
T Mr, A. K. Slocum, Circulation Manager, the Oregonian, Portland, Oregon r
T , My Dear Mir: In a communication to this paper, which has come to
2 my attention, you appear to doubt The Journal's tlreulation figures In"
4 pluring a "T" afte-r thent. I wish to say these figures are pat out with
my knowledge and under my authority and responsibility and they are
. accurate. ..... .
T . In this connection allow me to extend you an Invitation to visit this
; T office and go over The Journal's circulation records and In tlie presa
,2 room . throughout f.i time the preaa Is running, thua giving y.n "-ry
opportunity to certify to the correctness of The Journal s circulation
figures, which you will find to bo ss stated. Of course, if you accept
. thla invltatl in I shall expect your publisher to be at least as hospitable
.T and Invite The Journal's circulation manager, Mr. H. Hmlth. to a. llk
-prMirz-mrTf -vmtnirour ornce. If you will avail yourself of this
i chsnce you will have no further cause to doubt The Journal s figures, for
: It Is a condition and not a theory that confronts your publisher. forThe
Journal a circulation In Portland and 1n Oreron exceeds that o ft he Ore
gon Inn. snwsJl as It does Its evening
' spectfully. "" - ---- -
THE JOURNAL SUPREME IN CIRCULATION IN PORT
LAND AND IN OREGON. ,
1 lie carrier circulation ot 1 lie
of its morning; contemporary by 3,000 or more, and that of its even
ing contemporary 2.500 or more. The circulation of The Journal in
the whole state of Oregon, including Portland, is also in excess of
that of either of its contemporaries, being particularly strong at the.
800 and odd of the smaller postofficrs of the state. '
Since, fn the nature f . things. -The Journal's esteemed content--'
poraries "doubt its figures." and in order that the newspaper game
"be played fair and "above board, ihe publisher -of The Journal sug
gests -that a circulation investigation ' committee be selected, the
newspaper twins to select one member thereof,. The Journal one, and
these two one other, these three to make a canvass of the circulation
of the three papers in the city and the state, the expense of the can
vass to be paid by the paper having the smallest circulation. In this
way all "doubt" can be removed and the advertiser and the public will
know whether "figures don't lie" or "liars do figure," : -
The Journal exceeds in circulation, and it challenges Its contem
poraries to a proof of it. suggesting a plan that is not on en to any
suspicion, being fair to one and all
me ninaiy spirit in wnicn it is oiiercq it win oe sen-eviaent that tne
circulation supremacy of The Journal in-Portland and in Oregon
is even acknowledged by its rivals. '
I IH'ltl llll I llflil (I'
of Securities Be Placed
Control Wants Re-
general provialona dlffer""on ' amend
menta which ought to be Inculcated.
1 . . '. Bwyala Bases tmet, '
"A passionate storm of resentment
will sweep this country If the represen-
i . . ... . i . . .
vea or me people ran. o give me
llaf' the 'country So earnestly demands.
Tha bill as It comes from tba house la
loosely worded and capable of different
Interpretation. The Beasts .must, rem-
best possible law." . - -' - '
Tillman in the 'report discusses at
length tha delegation of powers to tha
interstate commerce oommlaalon and tha
subject of Judicial review of rates fixed
by. the oommlaalon. - Ha states that au
thorisation of the commission to Di I
rata as provided in the Hepburn bill Is
too elastic, and should be atrlcken out
and deAnite provision substituted.
: 99 control took, f
Tillman urges-that hereafter ell Is
sues of railroad securities be placed un
der control of the Interstate commerce
commission and recommends that there
ahould be a speedy readjustment of
the capitalised values of railroad prop
ertlea while protecting as far aa possl-
Die innocent holders or watered stock,
Tho report advocates an' amendment
prohibiting any interstate carrier from
producing and transporting any article
ror sale. Railroads, will be allowed to
mine coat for their own use, -but not to
sell to tha public In competition with
operators. - It would compel all rail
roada to connect with all other rail
roads and Ho grant fatr and Just traffic
arrangements so aa to put all shippers
on me same rooting.
and an Oppor-
r a v
letter wai addressteii tn Mr. A . 1C
edition. -thw-Telegram. . Very re- e
C. 8. JACKSON. Publisher.
journal in Portland exceeds that
alike, and if it is not accepted in
Senator Return - to Register,
Z First Satisfying himself of;
" Four Hundred Thousand- '
TO SUCCEED HIMSELF
Greeted by Friends,-Admirers and
Publk Saya Railroad Rate Bill Xs
Certain to Pass, Though Debate on
It Will Be Lone Railroads Show
- ing No Open Opposition.
Ardent friend and admirers and an
enthusiastic - public greeted United
States Senator John M. Oearln, who ar
rived in Portland from the natlon'a cap
ital this morning for . the purpose of
registering, an incidental preliminary- In
his plana for remaining at Washington
aa senator from Oregon.
- Senator- .Oearln was In excellent
aplrlta and healtb. His arrival was de-
re-y.tormir la Xh-gouaUlna TbS train on
I " J " u 1 . . 1 - IV" n . ! 1 1 iiiui . VJ
which he arrived was due at Portland
at S o'clock yesterday afternoon.
. . Senator Oearln remained at the Port
land hotel for.. anlionr or -aMM(saaav-l
"ncnucq,. i,n siyja ewvaie pusmews ar
fuirs. He then went to the courthouse
and waa registered at 10:30 o'clock by
Deputy County Clerk Edward Sweeney.
He declared that he waa a resident of
precinct It, was a Democrat. S4 rears
or age, ana that he had lived in Oregon
lor years, with several friends Sen
ator Oearln then returned to the Port.
land. - .
Sure of Xmerrenor BUL '
"I would not have returned boms at
this time had I not been absolutely cer
tain of the passage of the 4tt0,000
emergency appropriation bUr for the
Jetty at the mouth of tha Columbia
river," ha said. "Rather than have left
the bill In doubt or In danger of being
defeated In the houae I would have
aoanaoned my senatorial ambitions."
Tha bill has passed tha senate, and It
Is now np to the house, which is going
iu aw Kinaiy wun it. It Is only
question of the date when the measure
will - be passed. I do not look for its
paasage until I return, for It will not
do cauea up in the houae until I go
back, unless my friends know positively
that If will pass without my being
there. Just as soon as it Is parked it
win go 10 ine president for his signa
ture, -ana men toe money will be avail,
as regards the rate bill,- there la
nine new to add. it la certain of pas
sage, and practically in Its present
form. , The railroads are ahowlng little
or no open opposition. Whether they
have any underground wires laid I do
not enow. 1, hardly think no.
Kate am WU1 Pass.
"The only point In Question la the re
view of the courts whether tha ratea
that may be fixed by the commission
can Do temporarily set aalda pending a
review of the points by a tribunal. The
lmpreeslon generally Is that when the
bill has passed - the coramiaalon -will
have the power to fix. a rate, that it
ahall become operative at once, that the
railroads can ask for a review by the
courts, but pending the review the rate
lixei must stsnd and be operative.
That clause will prevent filibuster-
ing on the part of the railroada In their
endeavors to tiro ont the email shippers.
mil ine Dill is not going tn be passed
without weeks of debate. It may ex
tend Into months. The ultimate out
come Is now practically assured."
When asked of hla senatorial candi
dacy. Senator Oearln aald:
I came home at thla time to resrta-
ter upon the advlceoffrlends. They
seemed to think It neoessary under the
new law to obviate the possibility of
any conUst at the- lest moment. "WTien
my attention waa called to that point
I wired back that I would not come
homsiTinttf I-wns- certain- of -thepns
sage of the Jetty appropriation bllL
I added in my telegram that if my
presence throughout the session waa
$400,000 for the river, I would remain
In tha east and give up my senatorial
aspirations.'' - - -. .
Za tha rield AU.Bigkt. ' ,
Tree, I am la the field all-right; I am
la the hands of the enemy," and the
senator laughed- a he waved hla arms
in the direction of several warm friends
who were present and who have under
taken to look after his interests here
while he Is In the east. "If the people
want me, they will elect me; If not, they
wilt confer the favor upon some other
man, and whoever he may chance to be.
know he -will work as hard for the
state and Its people .aa I am. trying to
do." - -
8enator Oearln said there was little
or no talk In Washington relative to
presidential timber for the next Repub
lican national convention. '
'We are too busy Just now getting
bills through to talk of presidents," he
Bald with amlle.
(Continued en Fagt Two.) .
i...t , ;:v-'i , :$y. . : ',. ' k ' t'& - --OS -.
v hi . . i - .,im,. ,;. 1 ' . .Alii 1 1 hi i ! i
United Statea Senator John M. Gcarin From His Latest . Photograph..
Attorneys for Accused Federation
Officials Petition for Writs
of Habeas Corpus.
DECISION TO BE GIVEN
LATE THIS AFTERNOON
Vincent St, John Taken Before Cald
well Justice Case .Will; Be Dis
missed Be Arrested on Warrant
(Jours! Special Servks.T
Boise, Ida.. . aiarcn 1 8. Attorneys
Miller and Nuget, repre
the Western Federation of
Miners, presented petitions to the United
states district court thla morning pray
lng that writs of habeas corpus be is
sued for Moyer, Haywood and Pettlbone,
ine petitions set np tne same mat
ters alleged In the sction brought in
the supreme court, which denied the
writs Monday regarding alleged , viola
tions of constitutional rights.
They claim that federal questions
only a re--Involved; that, tha reaison the
application was first made In the state
courts waa to avoid the discretion of
the federal Judge to compel tha peti
tioners to first exhaust rights In state
courts before the federal court, would
accept Jurisdiction. '
The matter was taken under advise
ment by Judge Beatty and a decision is
to be rendered on the-Issuance of 'a writ
Vincent ' St. John waa taken before
Justice of the Peaoe Stovel, at Cald
well thla morning on the second war-
rent Issued, charging him with the mur
der of formatt-qovernoe Sieunenberay
The hearing will' be eontlruied until this
afternoon. It la announced that the
prosecution will dismiss , the : cane
Sheriff Kutan of Tellurlde, Colorado,
IS present . with a warrant Issued on
requisition-: for ths removal of St.-John
In case he is discharged by the Idaho
courta. Rutan aaye there Is nothing
In tha reports that St. John will be
LIT . iITT
The crime he Is 'charged with Is almost
He was president of the miners' union
at Tellurlde In IS01. and declared the
strike on the Smuggler Union mine. . He
led the party of-strikers which made
the assault on tho Sheridan- mine of
the company on the morning of July
JS01, firing into the men In charge.
killing Ben Benham.
An Indictment waa returned by the
San Mlauel countv arand Jury, but waa
quashed by the TellurUle district couft
t 10 o'clock Saturday night. May 1,
l0a, on account of the alleged illegal
Impaneling of the grand Jury. The Judge
refused to hold St. John until a new In
formation could be filed, but adjourned
court after discharging him.
Nsar Information waa filed the fol
lowing Monday morning, . hut In ' the
meantime St. John had escaped and
waa never heard of until his arrest at
Burke. He went under the name 'of
John w. Vincent at Burke and was
sleeted president of the Miners' union.
IVILL NOT PREVENT
ii . . . . ........
r: "- - ; .' . I
President Roosevelt Is Not to In
terfere in Quarrel Between --
. Miners and Owners. "
-AOF ANTHRACITE AWARD
United Mine Workers in Session To
day at Indianapolis Dolan'a Cre
dentials Are , Not .' Recognized by
(Joornal Special Serrlre.) '
Pittsburg. Pa., March 16. The presi
dent will not In terefere Irr the fight be
tween the anthracite miners snd opera
tors. He sdvlsed President Mitchell to
accept, the offer of the operators to con
tinue in force the award of the anthra
cite arbitrators another three years.
Further than thla he will not go. and
the anthracite delegates will consider
this proposition st a meeting at Indian
apolis. , '
The talk In this district Is the re
fusal of .Roosevelt to display any deeper
Interest In the trouble than to advise
the continuance of the anthracite award.
Mlnera generally believe all difficulties
will be settled at tha conference, which
begins next Monday at Indianapolis..
The only question that la to be fought.
they say. Is the amount of Increase that
will be allowed. Indiana and' Illinois
miners are firm In saying they will go
Out if they get no Increase, but the dele
gates front this district say the Pitta-
burg 'district Is going to work and
there will be no strike.
MINERS IN SESSION.
Solas Xs Barred From Convention CaUed
to Arrears gaaoe.
. (Journal Special Berries. ) '-
Indianapolis. Ind.. Murch IS. For the
second time - within a period of . six
weeks tba United Mine Workers of
America are assembled In national con-
ventloii to ( wnslder the sttumiou- tn re-1
gard to a strlke when the present agree
ment wfth the operators expires April I.
The absolute refnsai of the operators
to grant lb demands formulated by
the mint's' convention hers In January
puts It up to the present convention to
either back down or else "stand pat"
and bring Jn the threatened strike. The
convention was called to order In Tom-
llnson hall shortly before 10 o'clock this
morning by President John Mitchell.
Mitchell said that the convention was
called because some of the ' operators
were led to believe that an agreement
might be reached. He aald that a large
responsibility devolved on ths miners to
bring about s successful termination of
the negotiations. , .
He said that the Roosevelt letter was
a sufficient Justification for calling the
Convention. - ,
Patrick Dnlan was present to oppose
the Ryan resolution,, which be declares
Is an Insult to the operators. The cre
dentials committee barred Cola n from
ths convention. , K - .
Rv Boy Say They Were S hang.
haled and Taken to Ship
Eskasonf Where They Werj
Guarded by Armed Men.
Matter Finally Settled and Vessel
- Will Ship Only Experienced Hands,
Recruiting " Ita Crew From San
Francisco Mutiny la Quelled
When Green Youths Depart..
With the assistance of District At
torney Manning,- T, M. Ieabo, secrets ry
of the Barbers' union, last night thwart
ed what la aald to have been an at
tempt on the part of the sailor boarding
house people to shanghai by misrepre
sentation five young men from Portland.
The men were held prisoners on the
British ship Kskasonl. but, according to
Mr. l,eabo, they were turned over to
Jack Grant, of the aallor boarding-house.
when it waa learned that vigorous ac
tion .was. to be taken to secure their
f Brittsh CeruiuTT-aldlaw says the men
sppeared before Dim and signed papers
voluntarily expressing their , willingness
to make the voyage on board tho British
vessel. The men admit that they signed
papers. . but Insist that they ware In
velgled on board the ship by Jack Urant
on the pretense of examining It before
deciding whether or not they would
make the voyage. As soon ss they were
on board, they declare, urant.. who wis
in a rowboat, pulled off from the ves
sel, leaving the men on board. That
March. I. and since that tlrae they-have
been closely guarded by armed men,
they ssy, who prevented their escape. -
gather to the Bsscne.
. Secretary Leabo of the barbers' union,
whose son was one .of the five men de
tained on ths ship, received a letter
from the young man yesterday.. He Im
mediately went to the office of British
Consul JLakllaw and to the of flee of the
district attorney. After securing the
promise of the district attorney to assist
In obtaining the release of ths young
man Leabo started in search of Jack
Grant In Order, he aays, to demand the
boy's release. - Grant, however, had se
cured the release of the five boys be
fore be was found.
"The boys claim that Grant and an
other representative of the sailor boarding-house
cams on board several days
ago. Grant., they . declare, struck a
sailor over the head with a club be
cause be refuaed to work. The other
'boarding-house representative, they say.
knocked another aallor down and kicked
him In the mouth, knocking out one of
his teeth for the same offense.
Mr. Leabo declared today that he
would thoroughly Investigate every de
tali of the boys' statements snd if he
found them to be true would exert every
effort to cause the prosecution of the
aallor boarding-bouse 'people. Charges
will be entered against them at once if
the boys' statements are substantiated.
Ths five boys who were released last
night are residents of Portland.
Ths boys say they were Induced to
go aboard the vessel by Grant, who told
them that they could easily work their
way to Manila by doing light work on
the ship., Grant Is said to have been
paid the regular fee' for sending the
boys to ths ship. v
Crew's Bsoaps Trnstrated.
An sttempt on the part of the mutin
ous crew to escspe from the Eakaaont
yesterday afternoon by Jumping from
the ahlp to the apron of the -ferry
Lionel Webster' was frustrated by
the first mate, who drew a revolver and
threatened to shootthaflrit majv. who
Harbormaster Blglin and Police Offi
cer Circle arrived on the scene to
search the ship for men reported In
Irons just as tha attempted escapa waa
pulled off." After searching the vessel
Blglin question the crew, but found no
sailors in chalna Four of the crew rs
tupea "during 1 the: day py lowering ar
punt and paddling to shore.
As the ferry passed the ship yester
day a magaatne rolled up and tied with
a string was thrown on ths former. A.
"(Continued on Page Two.)
THE WOMEN HfiVE A PLACE III I
THE SullDAY JOURimL
No woman can afford to mist The Sunday Journal this week.
Kirs. Osborne, the creator of fashions for America's smart folks, has
a most entertaining page this Sunday for womrn, devoied to the
latest styles and particularly the last effects in spring gown of ll
princess style, i Every woman who wants to know -.hat is ft.-; r
wear hotil.1 read The Sunday Journal.
i OF CEMENT
Local Firms Have Contracted to .
Supply Orders They Are Not -
- Able- to Fill Ivtuch-
Basements, Foundations, - Cement
Walks7 and-Jovernment-Worsr All -
Tied Up, and No Hope Immediately
in Sight Said That Truat Has
Gobbled Up Supplies.
Building operations requiring the use
of cement are paralysed In Portland and
throughout the Pacllio coast district be
cause of an unprecedented shortage of
the material. lnPorUand jotabar-
rel . of acceptable material can be se
cured at any price. There Is no cement
In the city save a few barrels of an in
ferior eastern brand that la 'not ad-'
cepted by the city or government au
thoritlea. Local dealers . have already
aold under contract thouaands of bar
rels inor tan-.ky ess deliver. Each
nw rdM- ooming la ta sent back with -the
Information that there Is no ce
ment on thai market-' - . - - "'.
It Is estimated that work on some
14,000 or lft.ooe basements,' sidewalks,
streets, sewers and such Jobs requiring
cement is st a desd standstill. AD. other
building workers dependent upon the
eontractor, such aa carpenters, painters,
finishers, tinman, plumbers and steel .
workers, are also tied up.
All city work Of the same class la
blocked. Cement dealers say there Is
no prospect of even a temporary relief -before
the first of next month. Should -cargoes
that have been ordered be da- '
layed It would not come then. The de
mand for cement Is so . great that the
foreign and dotnestlo supply is being
gobbled, snd a serious shottage over
the entire country Is anticipated during
the whole season. No .relief of a satis
factory nature Is. expected In the local -market
this, summer... DomestiS "fac
tories are working at capacity limit,
but can not begin to meet the demand.
It is almost Impossible to get any for
Trust Blamed fot Shortage.
Several causes are given In explana
tion of the unusual -shortage,-chief
among which la that the trust la gob
bllng up all the cement available, an
tlcipatlng an enormous demand for It
In the Panama canaL The railroads
snd other large concerns fearing suffer-
Ing on their own part are getting what,
is left snd ths dealer and email son-
Burner are left to suffer.
The shortage In the local market haa
been felt for noma time past, it firs,
made Itself burdensome In ths Puget
sound district, where conditions are
aald to be far worse than In Portland.
There no cement of any kind can be
secured. It la reported, and building op
erations havs been most disastrously
interfered wun. The present condition
of the affairs in Portland was hastened
by ths fact that Seattle came- Into the) -local
market and took away a thousand
barrels. Ths local dealers let It go, not
dreaming that they would not be able
to replace It Immediately.
Having received p warning of a
famine, the dealors contracted for tbe
sale of all tbe good grade cement they
had on hand snd the Nottingham com
pany sold more than 1.000 barrels la
excess of what it had on hand.
Vo a Barrel Available. ,
"Now we haven't a barrel of good
grade cement that Is available," said
tn manager of ths company this morn-
Ing. "There are a few barrels on the
docav-but-they- harvsr been sold to con-
sumers long ago. We cannot even nil
tha orders that w have aold. The fart
of ths matter la there Is not a barrel
of good grade cement In Portland that
can be bought for any price. . The sell. ", :
lng price - has - advanced from II. 85 to
f 1.26, but there Isn't a pound to be sold
even for the higher figure."
barrel of good grade cement. A eon-,
tractor who demanded material enough
to prooeed on five contracts he had waa
Informed this morning that tbe company
.(Continued on Pace Two.)