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GOOD EVE HI IT G
1 THE WEATHER.
T Partly cloudy ; Thursday occasional fc
light Vain; southwest winds! j
VOL.'IV;f NO. 254.1
The $2,500,000 : a Year" Legal Force Defend
ing: the Sixteen Beef Barons Lays Clever
i Plan of Battle ;and Reverses; Positions
GARFIELD MAY BOWL OVER: THEIR
: SCHEMES BY; HIS REVELATIONS
HeWill Swearlt ls Said, -That Lawbreakers
r Begged Immunity,
1 : and WillShowHidden.Half of Report. '
" (Journal amtU luiiln.)
Chteago, Dec, f). ri contrast te.ths
general -belief of the layman that the
beef trust d lot tor of the "price of the
- World's meat supply Is on trial In -the
- federal court In Chicago, the real , facta
are that the governments Itself Is on
trial. By a strategic move the packers
. - have 'turned and placed, the government
,w uiaianu .temporarily secapeo iiiin
. - selves. ' :..-..
.. , r Vie- beef combine has maVJe Ahargea
' against the legislature, against' .Federal
Commissioner of Corporations James. R.
Garfield, against -the United States
torney-general and against the president
himself. .. HL has filed special pleas ac
- - cuslng the government of having prom
ised Its packers Immunity If they would,
open their books and lead. Mr. Garfield
- to discover whether or not there was a
beef trust, fit has accused Mr. Gar
.field of hsving turned the -evidence he
' secured from the packers Into the grand
jury's hands to be used In Indicting the
trust members. . ' . - "
A Jury has been selected' out of a
venire of 141 northern' Illinois farmers
to try the government on .these charges.
' If the jury decides the government to
. , be- guUiy - as charged the packers , will
go free. Under such circumstances
''they cannot be prosequted even though
... they have violated the law by eonsplr
tin to regulate the prices of the world's
beef supply, - The constitution provides
' , thst n man cannot be compelled to "tea.
"ttfy against- himself. ; t ; . - , . v ..
' This, in brief, Is the exsct and amas
lng status of the beef trust cases' - In
;ths lUnlted, States district - court j in
Chicago, . -v.-V , . ,r
, What Brldeae Shows.- .
, It Is not ths construction given, how
. ever; either by the attorneys, for prose
cution or defense. It Is the status
.'' found -to extat by examining a mass of
'' legal documents and -sitting through s
day's session. , V t.
, A day's session of the beef trial 'oc
cuples four, hours, jfrom 10 o'clock 'In
- : ths morning sntll 11, and from 1 o'clock
" in the afternoon, until 4, i Five-minute
' adjournments are. taken in the middle
pf each session. " .
The fight la undoubtedly, one of the
j greatest . legal battles of Its kind that
'"' over occurred In the United States. .-.... t
. , Sixteen beef barons are struggling t
' v escape the 'penalty -of years' Imprison
, ment 1 In Jail. All are fabulously
wealthy. They have ruled the rail
roads, mastered the markets, dominated
" the world of finance.
Thirty-five lawyers, are battling In
ths courtroom in S last desperate stand
' a to prsvent their millionaire clients from
being tried v These trust attorneys'
combined salaries .amount to t T.OOO s
dsy, or I3.W0.OO0 A year, II their serv
-' . Ices are required so long. ,
One attorney Is arrayed against them
" in the courtroom In behalf of the gov
eminent and the people. His salary If
IS.OOO a year. - i .' .
I Two hundred of the foremost lsw
, '. yers of the United States are aiding the
-V i counsel ' for the beef trust .'by advice
and suggestion. Hordes of detectives
are scouring . this federal district- to
. look up . the records ' of the Jurors . In
si'-,1- ) i
IS 00 TRIAL
Which " He Refused,
whose hands the beef . trust's case .'Is
Intrusted. i ..; v-.
, The, one government attorney is aided
by one, sometimes two' and possibly
three, advisory assistants. He hss no
detectlvea He looked up " the records
of the veniremen by questioning them
in the courtroom. ,
-In the many preliminaries of- the case
the government attorneys, United States
District Attorney W. R. Morrison, and
fiTa aaslatanta, ' dwood ; Oodman' and
BoberfW.-Chllds,- have showed Ithem
selves abundantly able to care for the
people's Interests. , .
The' one thing that ' may ' defeat a
trial of; the packers' is the unparalleled
cleverness of - the -trust attorneys In
making the plaintiff a defendant. .
"The multi-millionaire beef barons will
take -thw stand, it Is said, and testify
that Mr. Garfield dtft -promise them Im
munity.' The scene will be one of the
most notable In the Chicago courts. -
- v OaxCsld Kay Tell- AH.""-v - ,j"
' The government has prepared a stag
gering defense to the charges made by
the packers, according to the federal
dlstrlot' attorney, who confidently ex
pects that ths Jury .wUl decide th- spe
cial ple In favor of the government
and make It necessary for the, beef trust
to stand rial.
It Is'P'romlsed that.afr. GArfletd will
furnish the' surprise. . The seal , of si
lence will be removel from the com
missioners' Hps for the first time when
he takes 'the stand, snd hs will lsy bare
all the inner details of the government's
investigation of the beef combine. -
He will relate his conversations with
ths packers, his personal experiences at
the stockyards, hji private reports to
President Rooseveft and -the momentous
secret conferences at Washington Which
have led up to the criminal prosecution
of the meat millionaires. ' . r .
Oarfleld will swear - that ths packers
offered, .even pleaded for the chance, to
confess sverything if be. would let them
swear to tneir testimony, and thus se
cure . the protection -of the- immunity
law. '' .; . - ' . .
' He will testify that he steadfastly
refused to put the oath-on the packers
sfter reporting their " desire to Wash
ington snd' conferring . with . President
Roosevelt. Secretary Cortelyou and Attorney-General
Moody, who ordered that
the packers be denied- the privilege of
making confessions. . 4
Wamss 4 Vaots. '. !; '.;.'"
Garfield will allege specif Id Instances
In whtch the packera refused him infor
mation, giving as . the reason that he
declined to. grant them .the immunity
of the oath. . .,-
1 He will name the packers, and attor
neys 'present end the dates of these,
negotiations touching.' Immunity snd
will produce telegrams on the subject
sent to ; Washington and" received by
him,- ' " : r ,: - ' "" --: 1-'
A, H. Veeder, ' the Indicted general
counsel of Swift A. Co.; Alfred RrUrlon
of ArmOur Co. ahd W. M. Borders of
Morris at Co. will be named in the testi
mony as figuring In these conferences.
Ths word of Garfield and his assist
ants will be measured by the Jury
(Continued ,on Page- Seven.)
.ii--wjL' BIRDSEYE VIEW OF THE CITY J)F RIGA,
'. -r", . .V;:';' -V ";V';' v v-
.:- " . , i.'-s-v'--' ,iMwr 3;' Vcl-? v.1.' ' fte -,-, x . ..TiTTv, ' v -.u'- i: -'4r " ' -.-M-f-- .
.V1?O.RTLAND- OREGON, 'WEDNESDAY ;r EVENING,' DECEMBER
v 'i '
- I .
LEVY IS FIXED AT
Cotiricil, After Heated 'Argu
ment, Gives Up Fight for
LSAC High Tax. - -
PROMINENT CITIZENS v
; i INFLUENCE ITS ACTION
Councilman Sharkey Makes Two Un:
successful. Attempts to" Introduce
Ordinance Providint for Commit
- tee to Investigate Tax Rolls.- : --
The tax levy for city purposes Is ,
mills- Ths- ordinance- flxln-" the levy
was passed at a meeting of the city
council yesterday afternoon ' after a
heated argument ' lasting nearly' three
hours In which eonncllmen' and taxpay
ers ' freely '. psrtlclpsted. " . . '
-The fight hlngea'on the adoption of
the majority report of the ways and
means committee recommending a 6.1
mill- levy, ss against the minority re
port recommending a i.t mill levy.
When ths vote was taken there were 11
ayes snd 4 nays. Councilman Anhand,
Beldlng, Dunning, Gray, Masters, Mane
fee, Preston, Shepherd, Vaughn, Wallace
and Wills, voted to-sustain the majority
report, while Councllmen-Bennett. Rash
light, Kellaher and Sharkey opposed
It. When the vote on the ordinance fix
ing the levy at t-S mills was presented,
it passed witnout a aissenting vote,
- Twice at yesterday's meeting, Coun
cilman Sharkey attempted to get a mo-
tlon before the council providing for tbeJ
appolntment of a committee to Invest!
gate the taxrolls. Each time his motion
earns when another was before the coun
cil and was ruled out of order by the
msyor. Sharkey's .action was regarded
as a direct thrust at County Assessor
Blgler. Hs Intimated that, the . assess
ment had not been' made equitably.
Long before the meeting of Jhe coun
cil the floor of the council chamber was
crowded with taxpayers who went to
remonstrate against a high' tax. The
courtesy' of the floor was extended to
the visitors snd severs of them made
(Continued on Pkje Seven.)
.... v:y. r
... i -: ., --'V,'
f-'VW-iw-liWe' tfrvT"M1':,, tl'",,,'' vflsjtir'-''wM!s-,!t v -'-Sr
JAMES LOTAH -ILL
AT HIS HOME
Is Suffering From , Rheumatism
. -Family Expect Him Out
'In a Few Days, ''.
PROMINENT FOR YEARS
. ; ; JN OREGON POUTICS
"v ' 1 . .r
Wag Machinist, Afterwards Govern.
ment Boiler Inspector and Made
Friends Everywhere erved Fif
' teen Years Ago as Collector. '. ,
James Lotani who ones was one of the
political captains' of Oregon, is ill at
his home st 195 Fourteenth "street - Hs
has been sick for the past-week, and his
condition has caused his 'friends con
siderable concern. . It was said- at his
house- this- morning, however, that he
expects to' be able to be out In a- few
days. 'Rheumatism Is the malady?"
James Lotan could not be omitted
from the history of ' Oregon politics
without an hiatus like that in the Ham
let some one proposed to play without
Hamlet. Many times he demonstrated
by success In Important campaigns thatt
he possessed tne genius or leadership.
Great struggles occurred between him
snd ex-United States Senator Joseph
Simon ahd : each, . potent ., in political
batle. was st times at the head -of the
Republican party- organisation -In the
state. - '.'.,' .
, Mr. Lotan's triumphs, however, were
not sione on ine jieiu pi political warfare.-for
In the business anc industrial
wora he is recognised sa a representa-
tlvs man.'- . He- was a ' machinist many
years, ago In the shops, of the company
that preceded , the present Willamette
Iron A Steel Works, with Which is
affiliated the Willamette Boiler Works.
Holding -the position 'of (foreman, he
finally, became the head-of the concern
and managed its affairs with skill. In
later -years he has been' connected with
the corporation only Is! an advisory
capacity, the active management having
been assumed by younger men.'
Thirty years ago' Mr. "Lotan wss ap
pointed United- States' boiler Inspector.
(Continued on Page Three.)
SCtNE OF ONf OF THE STIRRING
-27,- 19Q5. FOURTEEN 7 PACES.
I t ' " ' ,
St. Petersburg Police and Troops
Make a Big Capture of Revo
lutionists and Seize Arms
. , . . and Ammunition. ; ;
- s.':-' - - ; - '
STRIKE IN SYMPATHY "
WITH MOSCOW RECALLED
Government ' Considers ; Revolt at
Moscow Crushed, Although Fight
- lng Occurred During' the Night
Warsaw. Railway Employes Strike
New Lav? Disappointment.'
'' ,;. ' " ' v f j .' '
(XJawnal Special Strrke.) .. i" "'
St. Petersburg. Dec 17. (Bulletin)
The. official side of the situation as
given out by the government is that the
strikers st Moscow, are . crushed and
the government -hss practically complete
control.. It la also eld that other
points are becoming quieter snd ths
striker ar returning to work,"
The revolutionists report- that ' late
news from Moscow ' shows that, the
women are aiding the striker; and that
fighting is being carried on with undi
minished energy, that casualties are nu
merpus snd the troops worn out In con
stant conflicts, but thst reinforcements
are arriving. . rr y
(Jotmwl SptcuJ aWlee.)
St. PetesburgrDec 17.-pWblle the sit
uation in St. Petersburg Is of a most
three tenlngr nature, the government has
as, yet practical control. Although
Count Witte realises that the Ores of
revolution have reached a stage where
they cannot .be quenched at a single
stroke, be hopes to secure the assistance
of the moderators of sll classes in help
ing him counsel for good order, and
through this channel expects to see the
government In .full control and again
wielding complete authority, in all in
stances In the near future.
Fifty arrests were made -today as ' a
result of ths discovery bit tb military
of a terrorist plot, the number Including
several prominent agitators In ths recent
At the Putlloff Iron works, the strik
ers,' who hsd congregated In force this
morning listening to a harangue by one
of their number, were charged ' by a
squad of Cossacks, and three . Of ths
strikers seriously injured.
The revolutionary leaders Ifi - St.
Petersburg met last ntght and deliber
ated long and fully on the. situation.
At the conclusion of the session It wss
announced that the decision to call a
general conflict hero in sympathy with
the Moscow brethren had been recon
sidered, but that the strike would be
continued ' and every means possible
used to force workmen now ' st - their
trades to Join the army of strikers who
have left their places. Intensely cold
weather and deep - snow on the ground
has helped to quell the outward signs
Lof the. agitation and make tt easier for
the government to gain s better hold of
Bevolnttoalsss M Setback.
The fighting revolutionary organisa
tion in this city has received a serious
setback through the capture of Its com
mittee, every member ! whom was ar
rested by police and troops last night,
Ths officers also captured complete
plans of the revolutionists, as well as
large quantities of ammunition and fire
arms. . . ' ' " 1 .-. - '
The executive committee consisted of
47: members, snd all are In prison.
' Xoeoow More Quiet.
' Advices from Moscow state that ths
city' Is resuming a. more quiet tone.
While: the government considers thst
ths revolt ' there has been practically
crushed, this assumption cannot be re-.
lied, upon - as absolutely certain, as It 4.
mav aaain riare up 'amny moment.
- Fighting continued until midnight last
night - In many parts of the city and
the sound of .firearms could be heard at
lntervala until daylight. . Oovernor-
(Contlnued on Page Three.)
DRAMAS OF THE RUSSIAN
' i- v' ''
V ., PRICE .TWO
BY STATEWEHT OF MOHEY AT 1 00
McCall, First Witness Before Leg
islative Investigating - Com7-
mittee Todayi Tells of His
- Recent Trip to Paris.
MASTERFUL DEFENSE " -'
MADE BY ALBANY MAN
Admits Finding It Necessary to Pay
Large Sums to Kill Adverse Legis
lation but Refuses to Give Names
or Explain ; About. Sum" That
Hughes Is Asking About.
7 ' (Jearaal Special SarrUe.)
New. York, Dec. 17, John C. McCall.
secretary of the New York Life Insur
a nee company,' was the first, witness
before the Insurance legislative inves
tigating committee this' morning. ' Mc
Call stated that he. saw Andrew C Ham
ilton In Paris, on his recent trip,, snd
that Mr. Hamilton's condition was seri
ous. ' He said Hamilton waa a very sick
man, and In substantiation of hfs state
ment he submitted a certificate from
a Paris physician. McCall said further
that Hamilton refused to give up any
checks of check . books, claiming that
they had nothing whatever to do with
the question at Issue, but r pertained
solely to private matters. : . - : , ,
. The statement of Hamilton, which was
Of great length, was read in evidence,
and in this report Hamilton admits that
hs may owe the New York lAt money,'
as heretofore he has not rendered a
statement of all the moneys he received.
In vlew nf this he offers to place in
escrow toe. sum of 1100.000 eash from
bis own private funds, from which any
amount due ths New York Ufa may be
deducted. j :
While admitting that he found it
necessary in the Interest- of "legislation
In connection -with the New York Life
to pay certain sums to certain persons.
Hamilton refuses- to divulge the names
of- such persons, although saying, that
they were not attorneys-. ( ,,,
Masterful Defense. v
Hamilton's statement was a master
ful defense of ths legal and legislative
business don by him for the benefit
of the New York Life snd other insur
ance companies. He says that in 18S9
he made an exhaustive report upon the
accounts, management and condition of
the New York Life for the Russian" gov
ernment, which report waa passed upon
snd accepted as satisfactory. Ths state
ment says further:.
"When I waa given charge of the bu
reau of taxation and legislation In the
New York Life, it became apparent to
the officers of that company, as well as
to the officers of other Insurance com
panies, that If , the mass of proposed
legislation was passed, they would be
legislated and taxed out of existence.
"It waa decided that If secret service
wss , permissible as a governmental
agency, a - confidential ' service would
be the only effective snd at the
same time proper ' plan to guard the
most extensive commercial Interest In
the world, the life Insurance business
of New York state. -
By this plan I was able to have as
my representatives frequently men who
would, not have accepted a retainer were
it known that they were interested in In
surance legislation. Their employment,
therefore, waa known only to me. I al
ways kept my word with them and the
companies I represented did not eveu
know who they were. , '"'.'.,
' . Protected Company.
'"Under this system the protection of
the companies - became ample. - Each
company was supplied dally with a list
of legislative propositions-? and-- their
progress complete In every particular.
ThS seal of many legislators unfa
miliar with legal and Insurance matters
leads them to attempt to enact tax In
surance -bills that would discriminate
against the masses not resident in their
partlculasjtaie." :. v -
' (Continued on Psgs Three.)
tesl s-ej s-al.i,s-.
Call Loans Strike Record Figure
In L.ast Hours of Trading
f.y'on New York Exchange
V." ;' ' ' . Today,
NO MONEY TO BE HAD : .
EVp AT THAT RATE
Lawson Has Made Money In the Last
Few Days. Is 4 the. Assertion of
Frank Rockefeller, Brother to John
D. Panic Among the Stock'
Brokers. . ; . -:' . y,"'V,'.. .. " - .
(Special Dispatch to Tbe loarsal.) ' - '
New York. Pec 27. Records In mone
tary loans were shattered today In the
trading on the New 'York stock ex-1-"
1 change. - During the. closing . hours of
the trading 100 per cent was bid for
money, but there were no offnrs even at
that enormous rate. Those that had the
money were unwilling to loan It at any
figure. One loan was made during the)
day at 10 per cent, this being ths high
est per -cent recorded In the Nsw York '
market'- ' r
Call loans opened today at ttfjFer'oent
and by degrees the biddings sent ths
lntereet rate-up to 90,-per cent. Then
It broke off sharply to 69 per cent; but
recovered a moment later and went back
to 100 per cent bid, ths highest figure
ever bid for money In the New York
Financial Crisis. ' "
A financial crisis Is what the brokers
terra the present situation In the money
market -Never In recent years hava
loans been so hard to obtain. A year
ago call loans were quoted In ths New
York msrket around t per cent.
k. " Faaio om 'Change.
' Amid the turmoil of the market to
day the rumors of the assassination of
the csar of Russia and several smalt
bank failures in this country added to
the weakness The-i Nw York - stock
market was never more excited than
during today's session. - The belief was -geneaal
smong the .traders that prices
were' due to react, but none had antici
pated the great slump that actually oc
curred In the market today. The great
rises In the market during the past few
days, due. it is -said, to pure mantpula-.
tlon of the Standard Oil forces, has
caused many traders to go long 'end the
slaughter of the lambs was unmerciful. 1
Prominent : financiers are . of the
opinion that Lawson has made mora
money by trading on the New York" !
stock exchange during the past few
days thsn sver before, and that Instead
of being broke the buster of f remind
institutions is better off financially
A considerable number of purchases of
Amalgamated Oopper-and Anaconda hava
been made during the past week or so
that were believed to be for the Lawson
crowd. Brokers who are popularly sup
posed to be bidding for the Boston man
were the purchasers. The profits on
these stocks amount to many millions
of dollars. ..
Mlrn Calls Scare Traders. -
In the stock market today wild con
fusion was supreme. The market
opened with calls sd high that traders
were scared. f'j?r a few moments after
the opening jOTe trade was rather light.
Then, without a moment's pause, the
slump continued until the gong had
sounded the closing of the 'market At
(0 per cent call money had reached the)
highest point' "since 1891. '
The largest ' loss shown t rr today's
trading was In Tennessee Coal at Iron.
which closed with a decline or 14.60
a share. "Amalgamated Copper and Ana
conda Copper sold off sharply, the for
mer losing tl.75 a share, while the lat
ter closed off ft a long share or 11 for
small ones. ' ugar Refining this an
other of the Weak features of the mar
ket, there belng-s net loss shown at
the closing when, compared with that :
-(Continued on-Page Three.)