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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
Editorial Page of TEe Journal
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10. 1104.
THE OREGON DAILY
C. 8. JACKSON
Published every evening ( except Sunday ) and very 8unday morning at
SIGNS OF A NEW ERA IN
THE INVESTIGATIONS and discussions, the ac
cusations, insinuations and suspicions, now
prevalent in regard to various pieces of work
done under city supervision but paid for, or to be paid
fui, if at all, by property owners, are from any point of
View disagreeable to most people, and some may re
gard them as needless. But there is another point of
view: Only by going to the bottom of things now,
turning on the light everywhere, wading in and out and
round about, inquiring, observing, discussing, probing,
kreping these matters well stirred up, whatever the odor
and whichever the .wind wafts it only thus will the tax
payers become sufficiently interested and enlightened to
become able to protect themselves in future. -They may
Hot in any event, but after all these jobs are looked
into, and public attention has been thus directed to the
manner of doing such things here, it may reasonably be
expected that the people will get better work at less
cost for a considerable time to come.
Don't suppose, because there is
vestigation now than heretofore, because people are be
coming more inquisitive if not suspicious, that all this
jobbery complained of, even if all the complaints are
well founded, is anything new in Portland. The job
bery and bleeding of the taxpayers have been going on
more or less, generally more, all the time. One faction
succeeded the other time and again, and each one tried
to outdo the other in making the taxpayers foot their
oolitical bills and succeeded. The only difference to
the taxpayers between the machines
operation beat the one it had disabled in looting the
taxpayers' pockets. And usually
ments of the so-called Democrats were
nd fiddle to one faction or the other,
in with the winners, in order to pick
from the loaf.
Well then, why were not these matters aired before?
Why didn't people find out about the jobs and in
vestigate them? Why all this furore now, for the first
Partly, because Portland has wakened up a good deal
in many ways lately, due in some measure to the ingress
oi many men who have had their eyes opened in other
cities. But principally because until lately Portland had
no newspaper that had both the inclination and the
courage to declare the truth, to tell the people what was
going on, to awaken them at once to the situation and
to a realization of their power.
If the people of this city are going to have anything
like an honest government, and honest work done, they
have?got to fight for it. It will be a long if not a per
petual war. This is the first general engagement. But
the object of the campaign is not to find out about Tan
ner creek sewer and the jobbery connected therewith;
this is only one battle; the thing that must be done is
to smash any political machine of whatever name or fac
tion that attemps to do business. One of them is ex
actly like another, except that it is worse.
SENATOR MITCHELL AND THE
IT IS TRUE that Senator Mitchell cannot be forced
to submit to a subpoena issued by the United States
court at lVrtland requiring him to testify in the
land fraud cases. He may, if he so desires, plead his
senatorial privilege during the session of congress and
the same is true of Congressman Binger Hermann. But
Congress will be in recess during most of the time he
will be required here and as it will be next to impossible
to do much with the public business during the holiday
season there will be little loss in this respect should he
decide to come to Oregon. ,
"As to what he should do under the circumstances Sen
ator Mitchell is doubtless better qualified than most
men to determine. He has had long experience in pub
lic affairs and no man should be better acquainted with
the ethics governing all such matters. In one respect,
however, it seems to us his friends are making a mistake
ahd that is in supposing that the suspicion that any
steps so far taken by the government will be construed
into a covert attempt to link Senator Mitchell's name
with the land fraud cases, will justify his refusal to re
spond to the subpoena. Public sentiment, we believe,
has recently undergone a radical change with reference
to these land fraud cases. The evidence recently sub
mitted showed clearly two things, first, that there was
The lev. Kr. Small and Mis Funeral.
Portland, Deo. 10. To the Editor of
The Journal The episode of one of the
minister of our city wanting remunera
tion for aervlces rendered at a funeral
should not be considered a closed Inci
dent till the public has had a little more
A ministry of more than IK yeara
leads the writer to think that thla mat
ter la not properly understood by the
public. Nor ran all the light there Is be
shed by two or three gentlemen occupy
ing pulplta at a salary of 18.000 to 15.000
year. They do not know what It la to
be sorely presaed often for means to pay
water rent nr buy a beefsbsgk. But.
aalde from that. If a minister la encased
to attend a funeral, particularly where
those soliciting hla aervlcea are not poor
nor contributors tn his aupport, why
should he not receive reaaonable com
pensation? If an undertaker la em
ployed, nr a carriage engaged, considera
tion 1a forthcoming nothing else la ex
pected. Why, then, ahould not the cler
gyman, wholly dependent upon hla call
ing for the maintenance of his house
bold, be entitled to something? The
Lutheran and Catholic people, be It said
to their credit, remember Invariably and
promptly the mlntater who aervea them
on auch occasions.
Thla writer had personal knowledge of
a minister who drove It miles in the
(are of a cold storm to conduct a fu
neral, standing three quartera of an hour
in mud and slush up to bis shoe-tops at
the open grave, drove back home, paying
out of his own pocket It for the livery
team, bee Idea going all day without a
morsel of food and all this for well-to-do
farmers who have not from that day
to this even mentioned the matter.
Met ik thla the worst of it. The mlnta
ter dare not mention It, leet such a hue
snd ory be raised as ws hear now raging
bout Mr. Hmall.
Again, the same minister waa request
ed to attend a funeral where the family
rarely. If ever, attended any ohurch. Nor
were they Ignorant and unaccustomed to
the world. In arranging for the service
two or three trips wsrs mad by the
minister to the house, walking nearly a
mile and a hair ror the need of money to
pay car far. At the funeral was an ex
pensive casket, a long lln of hired car
riages, flowers in profusion, sll led to
the cemetery through the city by s brsss
band plsylng The minister with fldel-4
Hy performed bis part throughout; and
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
streets, Portland, Oregon.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE CITY OF PORTLAND
more talk and in
was that the one in
the controlling ele
only playing sec
and trying to get
up a few crumbs
several of those already convicted had been in Oregon a
gcod whfle. We can't consider them "importations."
EVEN AS MINIMIZED in the report of Mayor
Williams' engineers it is still quite evident that
there was full warrant for the scandalous charges
which have arisen over the Tanner creek sewer. On the
other hand the report of the practical men leaves the
whole affair in worse shape than it was in after the orig
inal report was presented. It shows up a really dread
ful condition of affairs which once again brings the pub
lic face to face with the proposition of the responsibility
of the city "engineer's office as distinct from the penalty
which should be imposed upon a defaulting contractor.
These last reports will vastly strengthen the case
against the contractors and will make the call more and
more insistent upon the proper officials to take all the
steps which the case calls for. No one can longer be in
doubt as to the facts in the case. They are made quite
evident. Being apparent it should be demonstrated to
the public that recreant contractors will get their just
due while at the same time connivance or indifference to
the rights of property owners who are called upon to foot
thebllls should receive all the attention they so richly
The executive board has rescinded its acceptance of
the contract. That is a step in the right direction but
there are other steps td be taken and the officials di
rectly concerned should not hesitate to take them.
when a month later an insurance policy
was paid to the estste of the deceased a
friend of the dominie suggested a re
membrance of the mtnlstsr for his work.
In answer he waa told that "it's a
preacher's business to attend funerals;
that's what he's for."
These cases sre not wholly exceptlon
sl. It is true thst a minister Is ex
pected to do much work without a money
consideration. Upon this hypothesis
railroads allow him to travel at half
fare, and, to the honor of our merchants,
they make to him a discount of 10 per
cent on purchases; but why should a
man, poor In this world's goods snd use
ful as ths pastor of a small company of
poor people, be held up to public con
tempt by thoas who sought hla services,
without So much ss a word of thanks
even? Doubtless some better plan
might have been found than the format
presentation of a blh: but even this. It
may be Inferred, would not have taken
place had a alngle word of appreciation
for the services rendered by the minis
ter under fire been forthcoming. It may
be added in conclusion thst the writer
does not know Mr. Small when he ssss
him, but under all the clrcumatsncea
Mr. Small Is beyond question more
sinned sgslnst than sinning.
AN OLD PA8TOR.
To the Editor of The Journal. Quite
frequently we read of some one being
asphyxiated by gas. guch casea are us
uslly labeled "Suicide." Now, I wish to
relste a little incident which occurred not
long ago In connection with myself to
prove that many of these occurrences,
which are cnnaldered suicide, are noth
ing of the kind.
I came Into my room one evening
about o'clock. After lighting the gas
and starting a fire, I took off my shoes
and coat and lay down to read The Jour
nsl. After a tlms I became drowsy snd
hsd slraost fallen asleep when the light
went slowly out. Realising the danger
of the situation. I quickly arose sad
tried to relight the gas. but not until
the third match whs almost burned up
waa It turned on again.
Now. if I had been asleep when this
occurred, I suppose I would have been
found ths next dsy In the usual condi
tion, and the clrcumstsnoes, no doubt,
would hsve been chronicled under glar
ing headlines. "Suicide." or "Blew Out
the Oas." S.
Ths Tolas of the Worldly.
"Poverty Is no disgrace." ssld the ro
mantic young woman.
No." anawered Miss Cayenne, "and
It Is no great recommendation, either."
JNO. P. CARROLL
The Journal Building, Fifth and Yamhill
abundant ground for the charges so frequently made of
jobbery in connection with the public lands, and sec
ondly, an apparently honest determination upon the part
of the government to prosecute those immediately within
its reach and to strive to get to those, 'whoever they
might be, who were for one cause or another temporarily
beyond their reach.
This is a program with which no honest man can find
fault. It is what many honest men long have called for.
It is a program to which Senator Mitchell himself can
reasonably interpose no objection. Even if he is satis
fied that there is a personal motive back of the subpoena
the wise course for him to pursue nevertheless is to come
here and frankly testify to what the government asks.
In this. way he will effectually destroy the force of the
whatever unfriendly campaign may have been under
taken against him and bring to confusion those who
lather it " ' .
NOW, HERE'S A PLEA. '
Puter, McKinley, Wolgamot, Emma Watson and
Tarpley have all been found guilty of land frauds in
Oregon. Puter, McKinley and Watson are the prin
cipals, while Wolgamot and Tarpley were tools.
These principals are self-styled importations from
eastern states, and are not Oregon products. If we
sift Oregon land frauds to the bottom we will find
the skirts of the natives are clear of the charge of
being conspirators against the government. The
characters who have given to Oregon a bad name
and a black eye in this regard belong to a scheming,
speculative riff-raff from other states that would
have been a credit ,4o Oregon had they stayed at
home. Eugene Register.
WE ARE NOT quite so sure of all this. Some
of these people came to Oregon to do busi
ness because the timber lands were here. A
great amount of these lands are in Lane county, where
the Register is published, and two of its very good
friends have been on guard in the Roseburg land office.
In whose possession are those lands now, and how did
they get there it The "11-7" base so far considered would
cover only an insignificant patch.
Another great and good friend of the Register, an
Oregon man for many years, was officially on guard in
the national capital, was at the very head of the public
land department, the man on whom the government had
a right to rely, on whom it must rely. And yet all these
fiauds, proved, known or suspected, went through under
his nose or rather behind and above it.
And doubtless there are others. Oregon people as a
whole are very good people, as humanity goes, but we
imagine very much like the people of "eastern states."
Oregon will be a better state if the rascals are exposed
and punished than if they are shielded. And as to that,
Lin WITHOUT LOTTOS.
The common snail has lungs, heart
and a general circulation, and Is in every
respect sn sir bresthlng creature. This
notwithstanding, he csn live on Indefin
itely without inhaling ths least stom
of air, that which la usually considered
ths essential to existence in sll crea
tures supplied with lungs.
Leppert says: "To sll organized crss
tures ths rsmovsl of oxygen, wster.
nourishment snd hest cauaes death to
ensue." When that statement waa made
he did not appear to consider ths snail
as one among ths greet host of 'organ
ised beings," for the experiments made
by Professor Spallansanl prove that any
or all the uaual life conditions can be
removed In its esse without terminating
Its existence or in any way impslrlng
It is s fact well known thst the com
mon land snail retreats into his shell
on the approach of frosty weather In
ths fall, and that the opening or mouth
of the shell Is hermetically sealed by a
secretion which is of a silky texturs
and absolutely Impervious to sir snd
wster. In this condition it Is plain that
he Is deprived of three out of the (our
elements of life mentioned by Leppert,
via, sir, wster and nourishment.
Prom the Houston Post
Alexander Sutherland, said to have
been the last survivor of ths famous
Balaklsva "six hundred," Is desd at
his home In Denver.
Fully six hundred they
That have been laid away
Since that wild charge that day
Of the six hundred!
Of those who backward rolled
When death's laat ball was tolled
Six thousand have grown cold
Since some one blundersdl
Oh! ths wild charge they made)
When will their glory fade?
When will the laat ba lsld
Of the six hundred?
Each month that onward flies
The laat Survivor diss
(Unless somebody lies),
Deathless six hundred!
Six hundred fought thst day!
Six thouaand laid away
Bring back that awful fray
Till we have wondered,
At ev'ry one's deresse,
At the brigade's Increase!
When will their dying cease?
Deathless six hundred!
m 1 .
Still the gamblers' road Is rocky.
Fair prospects crow brlshter dally.
Talk about holdup man think of
Keepers of ths viler dsns ought to be
frozen out of business.
' What's ths use of Hermann coming?
His memory is defective.
This Is especially the season of the
year to remember the poor.
Tom Lawson Is having mora fun
lately than a osgs of monkeys.
Lawson has taught the big gerWblere
and lamb-ahearers a new trick.
Nnd aeema to be trvlne- to make a
wide-open town of Port Arthur.
"Amalgamated" has discovered that
Lawson can do something beside writs
Governor-elect Douglas to President
Roosevelt: Tou attend to your busi
ness, snd I will attend to mine.
Nobody has a better right to cackle
than the American hen. But the
roosters do altogether too much crow
ing. Mrs. Chadwlok weeps. But let her
think whst a high old tlms she had lor
many years. Few women hsve so much
fun If thsy live ever so long.
Johnny Wslker Is an Interesting and
not an aaay problsm. Couldn't a horns
be found for him witn some mountain
family who have no neighbor within SO
mi lea? .
Now that a lot of Denver Democrats
havs been sent to jail for election
frauds, the next step for reform should
bs to ssnd a lot of Republicans squally
guilty also to jail.
Bmoot Is sn officer in a certain church
which other churches don't like, but he
hasn't been accused nor so far aa ws
have heard suspected of engaging in
stealing the people's land.
fltesmera on the tinner Columbia next
.... ,r will .m rm1tuter tn mnnv of old
times In Oregon. They wera pretty good,
happy old times, too; but these new
times ars different, and also good.
A Portlsnd lawyer who acted aa at
torney for both parties in a divorce
suit can collect no fee at all. If he
had done only half the work he might
have collected 140 or more. What aort
of Justice Is this?
As adjutant-general of Massachusetts
General Miles will not be quite ss big a
military man as he was aa ranking
major-general of the United States, but
Massachusetts can furnish him aa fine a
uniform aa Uncls Sam ever did.
Standard Oil magnates cared nothing
about Lawson's talking and writing; but
when he bears Amalgamated at the cost
of a few milllona they are likely to give
him a little serious attsntlon. They
were not afraid of bis hard words or his
tufts of grass, but rocks are another
Hon. Napoleon Davis haa for several
years bean a homy-handed farmer of
Falrvlew. and is now master or me local
grange there. Toung men. look at thla
as an example of opportunities to rise
In the world. A few yeara ago that
man was boss of the Portland police de
partment, and aspired to ba the Demo
cratic boas of ths at ate.
Oregon Sidelights j
Salem Is cheering up In anticipation.
Cooa will make a fine showing at the
Harrlsburg is badly in need of a lum
The good roada subject should be kept
to 'the fore.
Nearly time for coyote hunts In east
A bear la living high on fat goats
The only three-story building In Crook
county Is under construction at Band.
A Warm Springs Indian fell ovsr a
bluff, (0 feet down on a bed of rock,
and was hurt a little.
8clo young men have organised a baa
ket ball team. Isn't this encroaching
on the girls' domain?
Women of the Albany
have begun the practice
their bats during service.
Considering quality and varlsty, aa
wall as quantity, Oregon can be made
the best fruit state in the union.
Salem Is said to have It. 000 people
and considers it such sn unlucky number
that It intends to mske it 14,000 soon.
There is not much time to spare for
count lea that have not yet made arrange
ments to have an exhibit at the fair.
An Albany little girl drank over half
a bottle of cologne. A promptly admin
istered emetic saved her life snd left her
Elgin Is ths latest town to organise
a commercial association. Before long
every town of any Importance in Oregon
will have one.
Two Bhigene men. drifting down- the
river 14 miles, killed 76 geese and 14
ducks so says a nswspsper msn up
there, who probsbly got some of them.
A "double winter" Is predicted In
eastern Oregon. Some people will look
six months ahead to borrow trouble.
But a "hard winter" In Oregon Is a
good "no makes a batter summer and
An Islsnd City man has purchased a
Poland China hog weighing 912 pounds,
which he has commenced fattening for
the Lewie and Clark fair, which by that
time thsy ars confident will tip the
scales between 1.200 snd 1.300 pounds
snd best the St. Louis fair record of
A campaign agsinst cruelty to animals
has been started In LaOrsnde. Farmers
and ranch hands are in the habit of
hitching tesma and saddle horses to the
racks and allowing them to stsnd until
lsts In ths night. Her. after an official
will look out for cases of this kind snd
feed such animals at ths owners' expense.
(By Oeorge V. Hobart.)
My vlfe put down der efenlng paper
uud sighed pat'etlcally.
"We need a leedle money for far
Christmas hololldays." she vlspered.
"Sure," I sat, "now Is camelng dor
happy sssson ven der vtmmen folks
rush madly from store to store und get
nervous hesitation, und der men folks
rush msdly from egg-nogg to egg-nogg
und get a Yule tide. I vlspered.
"Ve muat glf at least t'lrty-siga pres
enta, lncluslonlna der fur-llnde coat I
vin buy for you to glf me," my vlfe
I looked ofer at my bank book und
it fell oft der bureau und played dead.
"I see It here in der nulasuncepaper
vara It says dot s new women financier
has chumped on der horizon und der
horizon la now lnkvlrlng der vay to aer
bsnkruptcy court," my vlfe contlnua
tioned. Many a fool und his money vas
parted by a voman," I vlspered care
lessly. Vot vun voman can do so can an-
nuder voman also, too," my vlfe set,
. humping to her feets. "Dls household
needs a up-to-date financier, und l vui
response to der call of duty doan'd vsit
lunch for me, but doan'd eat it aa in
case I should bring back a leedle hunger
mlt me. ,
Den my vlfe vent ould from our
home, vlch Is called "Dinky Hall," on
Chestnut Hill, to der Pickla und Ssu-
sage Falrst National bank und aho
asked for der president.
"Wis gehts, president!", my vire set,
1 vlsh to become a voman financier und
I vould like to borrow free hunnerd
t'ouasnd dollars, mostly en cash und der
balance In fifty-dollar bills, please!"
Der nresldent pointed a chair at ner
und Inkvlred polttefully. "Vot Is your
security for such a slight ravor,
Wall, set my vire, 1 navi rwmu ui
'Simple Life,' und I vaa now a simple
ton." - m
Der nresldent smiled una set aoi
vould be goot for only should ten cents
vorth of dsr loan.
Vunce " set mv vlfe. I met Anarew
Carnegie on der street in Pittsburg und
he spoke to me."
Dlt he speak Ananelally or aociany:
inkvlred der bank president.
"Veil." my vlfe set, "der street vss
much occupied at der time und ha eggs
cldentally bumped into me und he set,
'Beg pardon" "
"T vould not loan money on snydtng
Csmegle spolglses for," est der bank
"Mv. my. set my vire, vox a 101 01
talklnar a voman has to dlt before she
becomes a financier. Perhaps free hun
nerd t'ousand is not my lucky number.
Should ve better say two hunnerd t'ou
sand, mostly in ten-dollar bills, yes!"
But der security, madam, visperea
der nresldent. smiling at der cuckoo in
der clock vtcbcame ould and struck him
In Chermany." my vire set, 1 couia
a-lf vou a fine security. He Is my Uncle
Uustave, mlt a large bunch" of money
vlch has nefer been translated from der
Cherman. To know In Chermany dare
is a law vlch forbids sny msn to take
hla money to heafen mlt him ven he
diss, so I vill be Uncle Oustave'a helr
esser. I guesa dot Is a fine security und
I vlsh dsr money ln'tventy dollar bills.
"Oxcoos me. madam." set der bank
president, "but vy not get your rich Un
cle Oustava to go on your note?"
"Vot!" set my vlfe; "vy Uncle Ous
tava vouldn't eferr go on h- street car
vlch only costs a cubble of pfennigs.
Der only time he ever went on snydtng
vas vunce ven he lost four dollars, den
he vent on bread und vater for a veek
to get It back. I could glf you his pho
to graph, vlch vould be der safest kind
of security, because it Is so ugly nobody
vould vlsh to took It. Efen der pho
tographer hated to take It!"
"I vaa afraid, madam." aet der presl-dent.-"dot
you vas not familiar mlt der
financial system in dls country."
"Not aa familisr aa some vimmen I
haf read abould." set my vlfe. "but after
I know you better I could get more
"Tou mlsunder stoot me. msdsm, set
der president, reaching, for der fire
alarm ball; "vot I mean Is dot dls in
stitution loans money only on gilt
"Ve haf nuddlng silt-edged at home
eggscept a book of wersea vlch my hue
pand gate me for a Christmas present
last year, und vlch he uses to keep his
Ashing hooks in!" set my vlfe.
"Tou haf moat peculiar ideas on der
supjeckt of finance," aet der president,
moving his chair avsy.
"80 haf udder vimmen," set my vlfe,
"und dey made goot mlt der.. Perhapa
I should hsf ' started dls merger mlt
flfty t'ousand dollars, mostly in flve
dollsr bills, plesse!"
"1 regret eggsceedlngly dot It vill be
quite' imposslbls to comply," set der
prealdent, glAng der signal for his sec
retary to come In und say dot Plerpont
vlshed to see him on der tellyfone.
"80 you refuse to make me a flnan
ceer." set my wife mlt dignity. "Very
goot, but remembrance, dare vaa udder
banks! und vsn I vas spending moriey
llke vater you vill not be der vun to
enchoy der vorry!"
Den she vent ould und tried der sim
ple life Idea on all der udder bank presi
dents, but dsy only gate her der simple
After fretting around der house a cub
ble of dsys she tolt me all abould It und
vanted me to promlaa dot If I efer met
a bank prealdent face alongalde of face
I vould spurn him to der earth.
"Dinky," she vlspered, "vy Is It I
could not become a flnanceer like der
voman in. der nulsancepaper? Vy Is It
dot I haf failed mlt my securities vare
anudder has suceessfuled wltould
"Veil." I set, "perhaps der climate of
Ohio makes der bsnk presidents more
From the Chicago Tribune.
Swine and cattle are associated In the
farming Industry all over the union.
The Interest In the better grade of the
animals may be shown in the dates of
organizing the different swine breeders'
associations. These are the American
Berkshire association. 1.175, Standard
Poland China, 1877: Central Poland
China. 1879; American Chester White,
1184; American Eaaex, 1M7; American
Duroc-Jersey. 1890. and Standard Chea
ter White, 1890.
Horses were on more farms and
ranges and In more Incloeures In 1900
tjian held hogs, but at the aame tlnte
the hogs In these planes listed by the
csnaus outnumbered the horses nearly
three to one. There were 62.87(1,108
hogs of sll ages In the states and terri
tories, valued st $282,027,707, sn average
of 88.89 a head. The highest per capita
valuation was In Rhode Island, where
the figures were $7.87, while all over
the New England states the average
waa 88.(0. In Florida the average -waa
only 81.51 a head. Iowa Is credited
with' producing the perfect hog. and In
the census year had t.721.781 head, lead
ing in numbers. though the average
price waa under that of three other
ststes In the north central section.
"This mo rail men mar have tn mynde
Te hearera. take It of worth, olds and
And forsake Pryde, for ha deceyveth you
In the ends.
And remembre Beaute. Fyre-wyttea,
Strength and Dyscrecyon.
They all at the laat do Everyman for
sake. Save his Oood-dedes. there doth ha take;
But ba ware, and they be small.
Before Ood be hath no helps at all!
And ha that hath his aocounts hole and
Hya In hsvsn shall ha be croundo!"
In other words, "Do good."
Unabridged, and In plain, simple Eng
lish, which sounds like Bserllege today,
the moral of "Everyman" is this: la
the end you will be deserted by beauty,
strength, kinsman, fellowship, wits, dis
cretion and knowledge, but good deeds.
unterriAed by the hereafter, will stand
by you even to ths grava Therefore,
hoard as many of thsm ss possible.
This marvelous old morality play held
several' hundred persons spell-bound for
90 minutes yesterday afternoon at the
Marquam Grand. It was presented by
Ben Oreet's English players and much
had been expected. But In all falrnesa
it muat be admitted that no purson in the
audience, in his happiest . anticipation,
had even approached the real strength
of "Everyman." It waa so wonderfully
and completely magnificent that at no
period of Its unfolding did ths sudlenoe
dare to Interrupt with applause, out of
fear that auch an aot would rend the
sombre atmosphere into which they had
suddsnly been transported by the purity
of this fifteenth century allegorical
There were many striking features of
the performance. First of all, the
Action and the study. Thsn the manner
of presentation the players making
their exits and their entrances through
the auditorium and over the footlights.
and the absence of a curtain; both true
to medieval tlmea. After which, one
muat speak of the general excellence of
Oreet's playsrs. Voles Is a tremendous
element In acting and never on any stage
were more beautiful volcea beard: nor le
there an exlatlng organisation, so far aa
my knowledge goes, which could havs
read the poem more Intelligently.
The audience first saw the stage est
after the faahlon of an ancient mon
astery An organ waa discoursing and
an angelic voloa was singing.
A messenger made hla way aown tne
aisle snd read the prologue.
Without, the voice of Deity spoke in
wonderful tones. Ood haa perceived
the wickedness of man and to Him they
all must make a reckoning. The voice
summons Death, who appears as a skele
ton spectre, carrying trumpet and drum.
Ha speaks In a metallic piercing mono
tone, which Is art itself, and asks uoa s
will. The voice bids him:
Go thou to Everyman.
And shewe hym in my name,
A pllgrymage he must on him take.
Which he Is in no wyaa may escape,
Everyman here enters, a merry youth.
laughing, singing, plsylng upon a luta
Death baits him and tells htm or tne
painful pilgrimage he must endure. By
bribes snd pitiful pleading Everyman
seeks to eacape the decree, but to no
avail. Death varus him to begin hla
doleful journey when hla next trumpet
sounds, and departs.
Left slone, Everyman seeks a com-
5 anion for the journey. He calls on
elawshlp.. who enters aa a bluff, blus
tering mass or mirth ana assures
Everyman that ha will stay by him In
any emergency. But wnen ne teams or
the grave. Felawship leavea quicxiy.
even taking away the luta from Bvery-
The youth then calls upon his Kin
dreds and Cosln snd they alike desert
him. In despair he turns to Ooodes
(riches) who haa forever been his
friends. Ooodes, in ths form or a
shrlvsled old man. laughs at Everyman
when asked to accompany htm.
'What, thinnest tnou mat mm
thine?" he asks.
Nayo. Everyman, I saye no:
Aa for a while I waa lent thee;
A season thou hast had ms in prosperity;
My condycyon Is manne s soul to kyu
If 1 save one a thousanae i ao spy it.
Everyman thinks of his good deeds;
Hut. alas! she Is so weke
That She can neither go nor apeks."
et he calls for her, and she is re
vealed as a prostrate, fainting woman.
Oood-Dedes tells him she Is too weak to
either go or hold htm back, but advises
him that she hss s sistsr. K-noiege.
who will ao. Knolege appears, and In
one of the most beautiful paasagas of
the whole advises hlra:
Everyman, I wyU go with tnea ana oe
In thy most nede to go by thy syde.
In the house of Salvacyon.
We shall fvnde hym in that place.
That ahall us comforts by Oodde's grace.
Lo! this in Confsssyon; knels downs and
aske for mercy;
For he Is In good conceyte with Ood Al
Rvervman makea his confession, calls
humbly upon Ood and receives absolu
tion. This strengthsns Oood-Dedes, who
rlaea from her bed, "hole and sounae.
ready to accompany Everyman to the
end. Knolege promises to go as rar aa
the grava, but there she must lssve him.
In the passages next following,
Beaute, Dyscrecyon. Strengthe and Fyve-
Wyttee. one by one, reruse to go upon
the nllarlmaae. Everyman next re
ceives the sscrsment snd dons ths Oer-
ment of Sorrow that frees from all pain.
The recording angel receives from the
hands of Knolege the book of Every
man's good deeds, while Everyman
stsnds upon the brink of the grave and
again commending himself to Ood, de
scends. Both Knolege sna uoou-Leaes
depart. The sepulchre Is closed sna
there appenrs sn angel, wno cries.
'Come, excellente electe, spouse to jssu.
Here above thou shslt go.
Because of thy singular virtue;
Now the soul la taken from the body,
Thy reckoning la clear;
Now shalt thou In to ths hevenly sphere.
Unto the whlche all ye shsll come
That llveth well before the day or
The action ceaaes when the moral first
quoted la this futile description Is read
by the Doctor.
As already stated, the people in tne
caat are wonderfully capable, first
among them being Miss Constance Craw
ley, who Impersonates Everyman. Her
exquisite, resonant voice Is almost In-
continuous use, but It never Is anything
but pleasant. She depicts ths emotions
of the suffering figure with the Intelli
gence of the true artist, and it Is no lit
tle task this strain upon her powers
Only once, for about five minutes, shs
leaves the stage throughout Abe reading.
Many of the others are no IMS deserv
ing, only they havs not one half as much
work to do. BACK WHITNEI.
Woodburn Independent: While re
moving a fenon that had been up 40
yeara, on the old Ben Brown place, a
few days ago, Frank Wright found a
silver coin two feat below the surfscs
hearing data of 1848 and waa bright.
One side contains the statue of "Llber
tad" and the words "Firms y Fells par
a I'nlon." The other side has the Peru
vian coat of arms and ths words, "Rep.
Peruana MA 2 R. 10 Da. 18 Ge. M. B."
It is, doubtless, a valuable coin.
imm., v...... 4
to Santa Claus
e - ..... ........ .mm...-
By Rev. Thomas B. Gregory.
The question of retiring Bants Claus
la a monstrous one! As soon talk of
retiring the sunshine and flowera, and
the singing -birds.
Gloomy would thla world ba without
ths red-faced, jolly-hearted old fellow
who, for generations upon .generations,
has been coming once a year to make
tha children glad I And yet they call
him a "myth."
- It is true that but taw have ever laid
eyes on Santa Claua. There are thosa
who claim that ba has nsvsr been seen.
But what of it? All the great things
are Invisible love, and joy, and hope,
and courage, and life itself.
A fact la not necessarily something
that ws oan see and take hold of and
measure with ths foot rule, or put on
the scales and wslgh like a bale of hay
or load of coal.
Santa Claua la real In ths same sense
that ws are ha la a spirit, a prssence,
a power, an Influence, which ia all -that
the reat or us are.
Tha only trouble- la, too many of ua
ara getting to ba so materialized and
mercenary we cannot appreciate tha
nobis old fellow.
A nobis old fallow ha certainly la!
Good natured ha is, to a fault No
one of tha privileged few who have been .
fortunate enough to lay eyea upon him
ever saw a scowl upon his brow. He
la always happy because ha la always
thinking of making others happy.
Hla unselfishness la absolute, hla gen
erosity la unbounded, and to make even
one little child glad be would go to the
ends of the earth!
Ha believes that happiness la tha
graateat 'thing In tha world, and when
he starts out on Christmas eve to scat
ter this blessing around among tha chil
dren nothing oan daunt or dlsoourage
Tha disappearance of tha big, wide
chimneys and ample fireplaces makea
lota of trouble for him, but ha always
managss somehow to be on hand with
tha presents thst shall make ths little
folks happy. If ba oannot slip down
ths ehlmnsy he will climb off ths fire
escape anyway to make the children
And Is It not monstrous, nay. Infa
mous, thst as his reward for auch un
selfish generosity, Santa Claua should
receive such contumely and reproach ss
Is being poured upon him In certain
He haa heard of the dlspoettlon. felt
In some minds, to speak of him with
flippant credulity and disrespect, snd.
jolly aa he la by nature, it makea him
feci anything but happy..
We ought to be ashamed of ourselves I
We owe the grand old fellow an Imme
Santa Claus Is ths best friend that
the children have on earth. Let us not
poison their minds agsinst him with,
ugly insinuations as to bis mythical
They know nothing about "mytha"
but they do know Santa Claua. Later
on they will become "wise" for ths
present permit them to be happy.
Hurrah for Santa Claua! Bo say I,
and some othara say ths same.
Lewis and Clark j
December 10. Captain Clark, who bad
gone out yesterday with 18 men to bring
in the meat wa had killed the day before
and to continue the hunt, came tn at It
o'clock. After killing nine buffaloea
and preparing that already dead, he bad
spent a cold disagreeable night on tha
anow. with no covering but a small
blsnket. sheltered by ths hides of tha
buffaloea they had killed. Wa observed
large herds of buffaloes crossing tha
river on tha Ice. The men who wera
frostbitten are recovering, but tha
weather la atlll exceedingly cold, the
wind being from the north and tha
thermometer at 10 degreea and 11 de
gree a below saro; the rise of ths river
is ons inch and a half.
ahd CJB.ES SHOW.
At various tlmea it Is recorded thst
there haa been "blood on the face of
the moon." Some old chronicles tell of
showers of blood, which, howsvsr, ara
not wsll authenticated. Tha "bloody
snow," on ths other hand, is an actual
thing. Snow Is sometimes found In
polar and Alpine regions, where It Ilea
unmelted from year to year, and tha
annual fall la small, colored red by tha
presence of Innumerable red plants In
its native state the plant consists of
brilliant red globules on a gelatinous
mass. Red snow was observed by the
ancients, a passage In Aristotle refer
ring to It; but It attracted little or no
attention until 1788, whan Bauaaure ob
served It- in the Alps and concluded
that it waa due to the pollen of a plant.
It was also noticed by the Arctic ex
pedition under Captain Ross on Baffin's
Bsy shors on s range of cllffa, the red
color penetrating to tha depth of 12
feat. Leas frequent la a green growth
Just Imagine these rich colors deoo
ratlng the landscape near our large
cities' Country houss parties would
have a new attraction which would ap
peal to the artistic and aesthetic sense.
iumbu or w.
A statistician has learned that the
annual aggregation of tha circulation
of the papers of ths world Is sstlmated
to bn 12,000,000,000 copies. To grasp
ths Idea of this msgnltude ws msy stste
that It would cover no fewer than 10,460
square miles of surface; that- It Is
printed on 781, 250 tons of papsr; and.
further, that if ths number (12,000,000.
000) represented, Instead of copies, sec
onds, It would take mora than 888 years
for thsm to slapss. In lieu of this ar
rangement, we might press snd plls
them vertically upward to gradually
reach our highest mountalna
T.nnitt, aii these and Bvcn the high
est Alps, the pile would reach ths mag
nificent altitude or . or in ruunu
numbers, S00 miles. Cslculatlng that
I... ' man attends Ave minutes In
the day reading his paper tthls is a very
low estimate), we And that the people
of the world altogether annually occupy
time equivalent to 100,000 years reauing
B. S. Martin In the Metropolitan Maga
slne. If I were Henry James. I tell you what
I'd write a tale that hadn't any plot.
And none should know If In It aught
For. being Henry James. I wouldn't tall.
The worklnga of my mind It should re
cord As on a big, tsrrestlal ehecker-board,
I'd move the pieces with abundant care,
And sse that none of them got anywhere.
I'd work by Indirection all ths while.
And ladle in peychology and styls.
Till every rlvsl cried with envy frank:
"Oh, would thst I could sling the Ink