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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
Editorial Page of TEe Journal
THURSDAY. DECEMBER I. MM.
THE OREGON DAILY
cs. JAcaoN PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO. jno. p. caotou.
Published srry nwc except Sunday) mod every Sunday morning at The Journal Building, Fifth and Yamhill
streets, Portland, Oregon.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE CITY OF PORTLAND
DUTY TO THE FUTURE.
ACiREAT EVIL in this country, stated in broad and
general terms, is the failure of those entrusted
with making and executing laws sufficiently to
consider and perform their duty to the future, to the
ii xt and succeeding generations. They have given
away, or parted with for paltry prices, lands and fran
chises of immense and constantly increasing value, and
have authorized or permitted the despoilment of various
natural resources, to the injury of their cotemporaries,
end what is more important, to the incomputable dam
age of innumerable growing and still unborn children.
The reckless disposal of the public domain, directly
to corporations, and through loose land laws executed
by loose officials, affords a conspicuous instance of this
truth. The public domain valuable for agriculture is
practically all gone, and most of the timber lands have
passed into the hands of syndicates of large capitalists,
at from one fourth to one twentieth their real value.
The land grants to railroads were not altogether with
6ut justification, for thus the west was settled and de
veloped sooner than it could otherwise have been, but
these grants were beyond all reason and conscience in
number and amounts, and in many cases the grantee
railroads were not compelled to keep their contracts with
the government. The railroads simply had everything
their own way in congress, and usually in the courts too,
while the interests of the people,' and especially the peo
ple to come, were not considered, or were bartered for
Whole great states, like Michigan, Wisconsin and Min
nesota, have been denuded within a generation of timber
worth billions, partly to manufacture a few tariff-fixing
multi-millionaires like Senator Alger and ex-Senator
Sawyer. The tariff of $a-per thousand on lumber has
robbed the people of hundreds of millions, to gratify the
commercial gluttony of a few men.
Turn to a case now pressing for attention and solution
in this state, that of the salmon industry. Our state and
national legislatures have done something to protect and
build up this industry, but what they do for this purpose
they permit to be destroyed or neutralized, and wink at
the crime being done not only to the present generation,
but to the school-children, the infants in cradles, and to
their children yet to be. Cannot a sufficient close sea
son be established, and cannot the law therefor be rigidly
enforced? It seems not. The Columbia river salmon
fishing industry is evidently going by the board through
inability of legislators to agree on needed laws, or the
misfeasance of men selected to enforce such laws, these
men having no proper conceptions of the importance of
their duty to the people of the future.
In cities illustrative cases of franchises being given
away or granted for small compensation are innumer
able. Either the grantors, supposed to represent the
people, are bought, "as one might buy a string of
sausages," or else they consider only the present and the
immediate future, not the future including the latter por
tion of the Hfe of these grants. And in some cases such
grants have been made in perpetuity, requiring millions
ot men who were children or unburn when the fran
chises were srranted to contribute daily a portion of their
earnings to swell the mammoth coffers
and other corporations. s
Some of these public servants were basely corrupt,
were simply perjured thieves of the, people,' present and
future. Others were simply careless, without foresight
incompetent fools whose folly was in effect criminal.
Not only the present demands efficiency and honesty
of all such officials, but the future sends backward an
even louder demand. A public servant, especially a leg
islator, a judge, or an executive officer, owes a duty to
the future as well as to the present. He acts not only
for the people of today, but in all such cases for the peo
ple that are to be.
RESPONSIBILITY OF PARENTS.
ONE DAY last week five fathers in Chicago were
sentenced to serxe out fines in the county jail
because they allowed their children to run at
large upon the streets instead of sending them to school.
Not many years ago this would have been a strange
piece of news, and it is not common now, not half so
common as it should be, for most if not all states have
compulsory education laws, which are not sufficiently
observed. Such is the case in Portland, though probably
as large a proportion of children of school age are in
school here as in almost any city. There are excep
tional cases, where the suitable labor of a boy or girl
is necessary, but the law should be enforced more
strictly than it is.
This remark also applies to parents who allow their
young children to be out after the prohibited hour in the
evening. Many a boy who goes to school all right is
permitted to be out in company with other boys after
From the, London Olob.
The Mohamsadans have a. curious las
end to account for the beginning- of the
uetom of wearing earrings. They Bar
that Sarah, being Jealous of Hagar,
rowed that she would not rt until
she had Imbrued her hands In the blood
of her bondmaid. Abraham qulcklg
plerced Hagar'e ear and drew a ring
through It, so that Sarah was able to
fulfill her rash vow without danger to
the, bondmaid's life.
Prom that time, they say. It became
customary for women to wear earrings.
Tha story of Rebiksh's earring la only
one of many early Hlbltcal allusions to
the ornament. When Aaron made the
zolden calf. It will be remembered, he
railed upon the Israelites to "break orr ' arter reacning rainnooo. Hrumai i Ba
the golden earrings, which ars In the sofantl. famous for his powers as a
ears of your wives, or your sons and of linguist, la said by his biographer to
YOUr aauiniTH anu onus in, 'in uiiin
me. And out or tneae ana oiner goiuen
ornaments the calf was made. From
this it Is plain that earrings were worn
by the Hebrews without regard to sex or
In our own country the familiar orna
ments have been worn for many cen
turies, and not by women only. Charles
I, It is said, wore pearl earrings nf con
sidersl b value, and the day before his
execution took one from his ear and gsve
it to Bishop Jaxon for transmission to
Ms daughter, the Princess Roysl. Ra
belais tells us that It was In his dsy
the era of our Henry VII that men In
France first began to wear earrings. It
to worth noting that at least one ex
isting portrait of Shakespeare represents
htm wearing such an adornment. This
Is at Wentworth park. Yorkshire, and
hows tha poet with mustache and beard,
and an earring to 'alia left ear. Lord
Sherborne possesses, at Sherborne house,
near the old world town of Northleach.
a portrait of one Thomas Dutton. a
ltth century worthy. Who Is represented.
Bays his lordship, "in ths prime of life,
mriA vnrlite a remarkably fine pearl In
Hie left ear. The rlaht ear Is not shown.
but presumably he wore a corresponding .
earring In It" I
Ito to thla country, fsw men I
re election, and will remain until his successor is re
elected, which is likely to be after the expiration of the
Fifty-eighth congress. There will, in all probability, be
a prolonged contest, and during all that time Senator
Foster will be neglecting his duties and the people's af
fairs at the national capital, in order to work for him
self. This is a common practice among senators, but it is a
bad one, and ought to be assailed by the press, and if
that will not do, forbidden by law. The people of Wash
ington, and its legislature, know Foster. He has a six
years' record, and ought to be able and willing to stand
on it. He is a rich man and can afford to employ lieu
tenants to conduct his campaign. But however it may
be about these matters his duty- to his state is plain and
clear, to remain at his post of duty when important busi
ness of theirs is to be attended to.
What is said here does not apply to Senator Foster
alone. He is only following a usual custom. It should
be said of any senator on such an occasion. It is a bad
custom. A senator who has served one or more terms in
congress should have a far better chance of re-election
by remaining at his post of duty and working for the
people's interests than by thus neglecting those interests
to serve his own.
There is such a thing as a man maintaining his dignity
and there are times, most times indeed, when silence is
golden. But there are other times when speech is
golden and it is infinitely better for a man to speak out
frankly than to maintain silence. One case in point is
that of Andrew Carnegie. The Chadwick case is arous
ing tremendous interest throughout the country as one
of the most extraordinary of recent years. Among Mrs.
Chadwick's best available assets were two notes alleged
to have been signed by Andrew Carnegie. Whether
forged or otherwise they stem to have been accepted as
the basis of very heavy loans by some banking gentle
men in Ohio and many confiding people have suffered. in
consequence. A prompt and frank statement from Mr.
Carnegie would have cleared up the atmosphere at once
but it was not forthcoming. This is a case where silence
was not golden.
While it is true that the city has been getting $100 a
month out of the franchise which it granted to a city mar
ket company, it is equally true that that franchise should
never have been granted. There does not appear to have
been any reasonable inquiry rnade into the financial re
sponsibility of the people to whom the franchise was
given and from appearances it was secured for the pur
poses of speculating in it rather than to build a market
such as was proposed and such as the people expected.
There is talk now that the market is to be built; just
how much substance there is to it we do not know.
of street railway
There has, been
fore without anything materializing irom u anu mc f""-
lic has got into the frame ot mind mat noining snun or
the absolute work will satisfy it. At the same time such
franchises should never be granted except to those who
prove themselves financially able to carry tnem out.
That marvelous Russian fleet which is said to be bound
for the far east is still stringing out its uncertain way
with little apparent likelihood of its ever reaching its
announced destination. It has been a pertect marvei 01
incapacity from the
can be no doubt that
happen to it would be its tailure to arrive in Korean
waters until the war is safely over.
Colonel Hofer of Salem is among the distinguished vis
itors in Portland today. He drew down a gold medal from
the Portland Commercial club for an able article on
Oregon He comes here to accept it with the proper
ceremonies tonight. Few men of his profession could
wear the medal with better grace or carry it off with
stouter appearance of deserving it.
wear them, save some sailors and fisher
men and navvies. Among southern peo
ples their use by both sexes is more
common, .and- often begins at an earjy
age. In Spain babies' ears are bored
soon after birth. Ths family doctor
performs ths operation and Inserts a
sold ear wire. Boys wear these ear
wires till they attain manhood, when
UM wires are removed. Tne mea is mai
the process has a most beneficial Influ
ence on the eyes.
A Spanish lady writes: "Ophthalmia
and scrofula are very rare In Spain, and
the natives maintain that freedom
therefrom is owing to the ear piercing."
In Portugal and Italy, and vary fre
quently In France, children usually have
their ears pierced at an early age. Many
men In the south retain their earrings
iiar wi ii iiiT-m ivji. j .. ,' -
ventlve agslnst an affection of ths eyes
to which he had been subject.
The popular notion that piercing the
ear exercises a beneficial Influence upon
the optic nerve Is very wldespresd. An
English trsveler of little more than A
century ago noticed that many men In
Vienna Wore earrings, and was told they
wers worn a good deal for the ya
"the hols In the ear and the weight nf
ths earrlnf drawing 'any humor In the
eyes to those psrts" which Is hardly
scientific. Village folk In England be
lieve In tha good effect of ear piercing
on the eyes Just as firmly as their like
lo Italy and elsewhere abroad. In fact.
In some places ear piercing Is regarded
by the rustics as a remedy for many
troubles. At the other side of the world
boys have thslr ears pierced from s
different motive. A writer on Chinese
superstitions says that John Chinaman
pierces his little boy's esrs and makes
him wear earrings, for If an evil spirit
happens to see htm he will mistake him
for a girl and will not take the trouble
to carry him away.
Young women of Coqullle have or
gantsed a mysterious N H. club. Can't
rnean No Husband, nor No Heart. Pos-
slbly Novus Homo.
durk, and a few cases of punishment of their parents
would render such cases far less frequent.
Then fathers ought to be responsible also for ma
licious mischief perpetrated by their young sons. It is a
mooted question whether they are so at common law,
but they should be so by statute, and it would be ad
vantageous to society if people thus suffering damages
would take advantage sometimes of such a law.
For, discipline in the home is too lax. Many parents
do not sufficiently control their children, injuring so
ciety by their neglect of parental duty. Children cannot
be held to accountability; parents can be, and should be.
After a father had paid a fine or two, in cash or jail
service, he would make his boys behave.
A REPREHENSIBLE CUSTOM.
ENATOR FOSTER, it is announced, will soon re
turn from Washington, D. C, to Washington
state to attend personally to his campaign for
much of the same sort of talk hereto
very beginning ot its cruise ana mere
the most tortunate inmg mai tumu
OLO-TTMI SCHOOL WKUPFUIO.
From the London Express.
Sir Sidney Waterlow, lord mayor of
London, thus described "good, old-fashioned
thrashing" in school:
My master at St Savior's grammar
school. Southwark, at the foot of old
London bridge, was a counterpart of ths
tyrant of Dotheboys halk
"Finding that at the ags of 10 years
I had not made much progress in ths
proper comprehension of the four con
cords In Latin, he determined to gtve
me a good birching. He was a most
prsctlced hand with the rod, and waa
never satisfied with a birch less than
four or five feet long, with plenty of
small, sharp cones on It. Ha never used
the same one twice.
"The fist having gone forth, I was
stripped to my bare back and made to
kneel. Ths master then inflicted three
strokes as hard as his strong arm en
abled him to give, causing the blood to
spurt all over my back. Many of the
cones remained In my flesh for days."
STATIKS aRIB SCHOOL.
Jist look at me. a-aettlW hers.
A-stayln' after school:
I'm tnnercent uv doln' wrong.
I never broke no rule,
Jlst'fore the time far leavln' come,
At 4 o'clock today.
Miss Johnson sea, "The rest may go.
But Jimmy Jones will stay."
I guess that teacher's stuck on me.
She makes me stay so much:
I never Jabbed Joe with that pin,
I Jlst give him a touch:
An' whot ef I did make a nolas,
Msoiwn' like a cat?
'Twus only Jlst a funny Joks
Whot harm was they In thatf
I bet ef Mister Rooserfelt
Knowed how they treat kids here.
He'd stop stayin' after Bchool.
i Oee! how the gang 'ud cheer; - -Soma
day when I'm president.
This hare's no Idle noise.
Jlst 'cause they rubbed It In on me
I won't have schools fer boys.
Bid Dudley in Uie Kansas City Star.
Feels a little skattnglsh.
Only 17 days mors till you know
The earlier the better for Christmas
Some new sort of woe comes to light
That sewer ought to be sufficiently
Investigated after awhile.
Eat as many salmon as you can; In a
few yeara you won't get any.
That tax rata will look bad next year
to Inquiring eastern visitors.
The moist wsathsr Is the most com
fortable, after all. for Oregonlans.
Has there been any honest Job at all?
Shouldn't the city hlr a DIogenesT
Now that horrible "Xmas" will again
numerously offsnd all sensitive eyes.
Swearing off dsy will fall on Sunday
this year; better' the day better the deed.
Shouldn't ths city charge up the caah
nf the Investigations to the contractors!
Lots of trouble all ths time In
municipal officialdom due penalty for
Mrs. Chadwick lived high for a long
time, but the path of her strenuoua life
Money, mors money to run any kind
of government, city, county, state or
national, la the constant cry.
There are bigger land thlevea than
those convicted, no doubt, whom Uncle
Sam ought to go after and show up.
Now nsw charter building la going
on In all Oregon towna. Why should
not each city have power to amend lta
Judge Bellinger evidently thinks that
the testimony of handwriting experts
should be received by Juries with much
caution and he Is right.
What do the authorities think of
themselves for permitting such In
describably vile and criminal dens aa
the Favorite aaloon to exist?
Cork ran' a bllla to compel political
parties to report all campaign expendi
tures are among those that will not
paas. or even, probably, be reported.
Nobody supposed that Andrew Car
negie signed that note, but he haa no
occasion to get wrathy because the fact
that hla name was on it was mentioned.
If you get entirely out of reading
matter, and have nothing to do, there's
the president's message that can be ob
tained in back numbers of newspapers
for 5 cents.
The coming state legislature promises
to eclipse all others In graft legislation
Albany Democrat. Is this baaed on
any special Information, or It la only a
Wonderful news was reported Tues
day in Tha Journal ; ths poatof f los
building will be completed ahead of
time; This, if true, to a very unusual.
If not an unprecedented occurrence, and
the contractor haa earned public recog
nition. Oregon Sidelights
Bandon la to have a bank.
Silver Lake to growing steadily.
Amity needs a bank and electric lights.
Three Condon men killed (t geese In
Capacity of Bllverton sawmill will be
Dayton has built more this year than
In ten years past.
Grass on the foothills Of all the moun
tains to rank and fine.
About SO, 000 Bheep have been sold out
of Crook county this year.
An Independence hopyard of 31 acres
has been rented for $2,000 a year.
A Condon man has purchased 400,000
brick from the Weston brickyard.
Sheriff Shutt haa ordered all Morrow
county saloons to close on Sundays.
The St. Mary's academy buildings at
Jacksonville sre to be Improved $10,000
Bankrupts are scare In Oregon nowa
days, but one turned up laat week at
Weston. He waa not a farmer, however.
Weston Is to have a poultry show last
ing from December 24 to January 1
perhaps to give the hens time to lay
some holiday egga.
An Ashland fool girl sent a package
containing a bouquet,, her photograph
and a letter to Adolph Weber, the young
Auburn supposed murderer.
Weston has a new paper, for which It
has no more use than a cat lias for two
talis, aa It already haa one thoroughly
good local paper, the Leader.
Eatacada haa a .new paper, tha News.
Eslscsda haa $8 puplto In the public
school, an amusement club of ,40 mem
bers, and la to hav electric lights.
On his 80th birthday W. C. Brown of
Dallas Invited all his acquaintances aged
ovr 70, who numbered about 70, to a
dinner at the hotel, and the old folks had
a good tlms.
A Weston man. In Ill-health and with
young children h could not aupport,
stole about 50 bushels of grain, worth
$34, but In consideration of his need was
fined only $35.
Portions of a mammoth animal's
skeleton war unearthed In the northern
part of Umatilla county, another evi
dence that there were animal giants in
this country "In those days."
A year ago Mayor Whit worth of Lake
vlew failed in business, and though not
charged with any criminality or crook
edness, toft the town and no one, not
even any of his family, knew sines
what had become of him. Inquiry and
search were made, and It was thougnt
that despondency and mortification had
caused htm tn commit suicide. But one
day laat week. -without having sent any
forewarning, he returned, having been
profitably employed In Montana, andehla
friends and especially his family war
rejoiced at his return.
of tne Avalanche
Samuel W. Moftott In New York World.
Three weeks have passed since the
election, and we are able to measure the
proportions of the cataclysm. No such
majorities hav ever been known before
tn American politics. over 500.000 In
Pennsylvania. 175,000 In New York, 300,
000 tn Illinois. 20$, 000 In Michigan, 125.
000 In Minnesota, 130,000 In Wisconsin.
130,000 In Kansas, 83.000 In Nebraska,
240,000 In Ohio, nearly 100,000 In Indi
ana, 135,000 In California. 72,000 In
Washington, 15,000 1n Missouri the fig
ures are bewildering. What doea it all
mean? Are we to understand that the
American people are tired of the dec
laration of Independence, that they ap
prove of th rule of distant subjects by
armed force, that they Ilk th big stick
and th tol of International policeman
In South America, that they admire a
tariff that enables the steel truat to sell
rails at $20 abroad and $28 at home, that
they favor the Unchecked growth of the
trusts under the protection of the gov
Not in th least Theodore Rooaevelt
was elected because a majority of the
people liked his personality snd be-
cuuse there was neither a personality
nor a clear principle opposed to htm.
As the World said when It predicted the
collapse of th Republican opposition to
the president's nomination. "You can
not beat aomebody with nobody." I
would not intimate for a moment that
Judge Parker waa nobody, but he might
as well have been, as far as any Im
pression upon the public mind was con
cerned. It would have been hard
enough at best to create within four
month a popular linage competing In
vivldneaa with th on Mr. Rooaevelt
had been building up etrpk by stroke
for more than 30 yeara, but Judge Par
ker never made the attempt. His dig
nified seclusion admirable In a Judge,
but Impossible tn it candidate was
maintained until the laat two weeks of
the campaign, and when election day
came the people found themselves con
fronted with a choice, not between per
sonalities, but between Theodore Roose
velt and the Democratic party.
Even that was not the worst. The
Democratic psrty might have aroused
an Impersonal enthusiasm. If it had
stood for anything, but It did not. Th
tariff? Ita candidate for vlce-prealdent
waa a protectionist. Th trusts? Th
most prominent managers or tne cam-.
patgn in the presidential candidate s
own stat war connected with th
ugar truat and Standard OH. Impe
rialism? Th governor of the Philip
pines waa a Democrat, and a report
from him was cabled over ior use mm
a Republican campaign document. Ex
travagance In government r every
Democratic senator and representative
had his share of the pork. Public hon
esty? The "autonomous" boss of the
open lid In Brooklyn gave the answer.
There can be no possible ciouui or me
fact that an enormoua part or Mr.
Roosevelt'a vote came from men who
accepted him simply for lack of any
satisfactory alternative. Most of these
men had confidence In htm personally.
They believed that he was honest and
that hla impulses war to do the right
thing. They had no confldnc what
ever In his party, 'but they aaw no
attraction on ths other side. They
knew that th country had survived
and even prospered through three years
and a half of Roosevelt; they felt that
It could survive four year mors, and
they simply marked time.
Thla election bore a curious resem
blance to th on that preceded the
death of the Whig party. "That Pierce
waa elected tn November," taays James
Ford Rhodes, "surprised fsw; that his
victory should be so overwhelming as
tounded Democrats as well a Whigs.
Scott carried only four states Ver
mont, Massachusetts, Kentucky and
Tenneasee. Pierce had $54 electoral
vote, and Scott 43. . . . Th reason
of Democratic success waa because that
party unreservedly Indorsed the com
promise, and In Its approval neither
platform nor candidate halted. . . .
The business Interests of the country
wore on th td of the Democrats
. . . Trad wa good, th country
was very prosperous, and this state
of affairs would likely continue under
settled political conditions, of which
there appeared to the commercial In
terests greeter promise under Demo
cratic than Whig rule "
Th Democratic party stood for some
thing in 1863; the Whig party stood for
nothing, and It pasaed away. The Amer
ican people have no use for a party
that does not know its own mind and
that doea not mean what It aaya.
In 104 th Democracy was afraid of
Ita own platform. It called protection
"a robbery of th many to enrich the
few," but It did not dare to press that
charge home on th atump. It called
trust monopoly "Indefensible and Intol
erable," but It did not show how It
would end It. It condemned the execu
tive pension order, but did not ven
ture to promise economy In pension ex
penditure. It I said that large reduc
tions could be made In the cost of gov
ernment, but did not specify the Items
It would cut off.
President Roosevelt was skillful
enough to gain th aupport of the
trusts and of a great proportion of the
anti-trust element. He captured the
workmen without alienating th em
ployers. He held tha stand -patters and
the Republican revenue reformers. Some
body Is bound to be disappointed, but
the votea are counted.
It ts a pity that our political arrange
ments afford no mean a of testing pub
lic opinion on any single point. They do
not distinguish between the votes cast
for Roosevelt by . satisfied Republicans
and those cast by dissatisfied Demo
crats. But there sre two signs that
show how unstable ts the present bal
ance of parties One Is the election of
Democratic governors In several states
csrrled by Roosevelt by Immense ma
jorities. Th other Is the fact that th
total vot. Which Increased very slightly
between 1894 and 1900. seems actually
to have decreased between 1900 and
104. That to to say, th vote actually
cast has been stationary or declining for
eight years, while the voting population
has enormously increased. This Implies
an enormous stay-at-home vote, prsaum
ably Democratic, which may be expected
to come out when conditions are more
The lesson of the election for the
Democrats la plain. Thy hav proved
In three campaigns that the old Demo
cratic party, as It existed down tn and
Including 1892, cannot he held together
In an election under modern conditions.
They triad It under radical leadership
tn 1898 and 1900. and failed; they tried
It under conservative leadership In 1904,
and failed again. The only thing left Is
to take a consistent stand, let thoss who
disagree with It leave one for all, and
try to make up the Iobb by recruits from
the Republican party and from the
minor parties of discontent. Lt th
partisan line follow th line nf Intel
lectual cleavage, not rut across It. Then
apathy wilt disappear snd we shall once
more hav a contest that will bring out
th full vote and that will not be "a
foot rsce ending with a rout"
"Pretty Peggy," which was brought
out In this country by William A. Brady
for hla wife, Urace Oeorge, to on of
the moat interesting of th many Peg
Woffington picture that have adorned
th stag. Th play was presented laat
night before a large audience at the
Marquam. with Jan Corcoran aa
Woffington and Andrew Robaon aa
"Pretty Peggy" takes up th life of
th Drury Lane Idol while aha to still
an Irish circus girl and follows her
through th love affair with David
Uarrtck and her triumph unto th end.
It covers a deal of time. In the first
act she Is shown aa th rough diamond,
ambitious to become a reul actress,
derrick discovers her In th circus and
takes hr to London. Th curtain of
th second act find bar th queen of
th theatrical world, with a great ban
quet In the greenroom In her honor. In
the third act she discovers Oarrlck a
deception concerning hla earlier love for
th dancer, Eva Horel, and breaks off
their engagement on tha day of th pro
posed marriage. Than ber physical de
cline, th riot in th theatre, caused by
th cry of "Treon!" when a French
dancer appears in her performance; and
finally her failure In speaking the
epilogue of "Aa You- Like It" Th au
dience goea out with her pathetic
pleading, "Davy, take mo home," In its
Thla laat seen is the novelty which
made th play famous. The actors, in
doublet and hose, lace trimmings and
perukes, com from behind and mingle
with th audience to carry on th riot
tn the auditorium. It was effectively
accomplished last night; bo effectively
that It startled some patrons out of
their seats. Th production, from a
picturesque standpoint la all that could
be desired. Ths company la a large one.
Evidently It Is th original scenic In
vestment., but fin though It Is. a touch
ing up of certain scenes by the painter
would do no harm.
Miss Corcoran. In the title role, which
requires an actress of ho little power,
enters Into a struggle with It from the
very beginning and com out second
best. She works hard and to conscien
tious to a' commendable degree. Bhe 1
sympathetic only In two scenes her
confession of love after tha banquet and
her failure In th theatre.
Mr. Robson Is not a satisfactory Oar
rlck. It Is Impossible to look at him
and understand London's worship of the
actor he impersonates. Mr. Robson was
Infinitely better as Richard Carvel.
From the standpoint of art the hit
of the performance was the Mrs.
Woffington of Ada Boshell. In voice.
brogue, carriage and general quality
she was a typical old Irish woman sud
denly cast Into a strange theatrical at
mosphere by the triumph of her child.
At times Miss Boshell reminded me of
Annie Yeemans, than whom no greater
character actress haa lived In this de
The remaining member of th com
pany are mediocre. The engagement
closes tonight RACE WHITNEY.
WILLH 18 TOO BUST TO OO.
Jefferson, Or.. Dec. 8. Mr.
Willie Westlnghouse. Portland
Journal Office, Portland, Or.
Dear Willi: Papa, has had all
th wood hauled and th steam
aaw came and sawed It We boys
hav to got It into the shod, and
moat of It to a long way off. It
la too slow work to get It In with
the wheelbarrow. Will you pleas
come up and help me mak a
machine to put It In for us.
Basalt la Maw York.
Portland, Or., Dec. ft To th Editor
of Th Journal Would you kindly In
form me through th columns of your
paper what Judge Parker's majority was
over Roosevelt In Greater New York.
New York stat went Republican by
about 80,000. In O raster New York,
outside of Brooklyn. Parker secured a
plurality of about 40,000. Roosevelt's
plurality In Brooklyn was 1,300.
DEBUT ABTTO'S OO
From th Chicago News.
It mnst be becoming.
It must be youthful.
It 1 beat not too elaborate.
Chiffon Is soft and becoming, but
Brussels net Is more durable and as
Net needs a quantity of lace trimming.
Crap d chin 1 unequal ed for real
It cleans very well and can be dyed
for a second year.
Satln-flnlshed crepe to as soft and
pretty as th new crepe and less ex
Whlta liberty satin is extremely af
fective and a youthful looking fabrlo.
Liberty silk 1 pretty, but a poor In
vestment where economy 1 a factor.
Pau da sole In white may be worn,
but the colored llk 1b too old.
A whits cloth costum will b useful
for many occasions later, and may be
draped aoftly, so aa not to appear stiff.
IBTQIKO IS GOOD
A writer on singing says: "At the
present era, when physical cultura la a
part of tha curriculum of our most In
tellectual schools, and Is so generally
regarded as a necessary element toward
supplying and maintaining th sound
body for the sound mind. It Is worth
While to consider a ront statement
of eminent physicians that th mere ex
ercise of singing Is a great help toward
the prevention, cur or amelioration of
"It was disclosed by statistics In Italy
some yeara ago that vocal artists are
usually longllved, and that brass In
strument player, who bring their lungs
and cheat into unusual activity, have
not had consumptive, victims among
them. No matter how thin or weak
the voice, young people should be en
couraged to Indulge in song There
could be no happier medicine, and If
hearers sometimes suffer, they should
be encouraged to bear th infliction In
vlw of the good U may do."
Diogsnes Up to Pat.
From th Chicago Tribune.
An eccentric old gentleman placed In
a field on hla estate a board with the
following generous offer painted
"I will giv this field to any man who
He soon had an applicant
"Weil, my man, are you a contented
fellow V asked th old gentlemsn.
"Tes, sir, very."
"Then why do you want my field?"
Ths applicant did not wait to reply.
A Record and a
From th Toronto Star.
Speaking from the bench, a Judge In
Oeorgla recently said that more homl-.
cldes war committed In that state
alone than In th whole British em
pire. " "Hare," he added, "on person In
a hundred 1 convicted and punished,
while in England on In three 1 made to
Th growing disrespect for law In th
United State to one of th moat dis
turbing symptoms seen at present In
any of th leading countries of th
world. Th man who meditates mur
der sees little In th Jaw that he need
fear; the average citizen sees little In
th law to Indue htm to repose faith In
It rather than In hla own wit alia vigi
Home facta and figures are put forth
In McClura's for December that will
arouse alarm throughout the United
States. Judge Thomas, of Alabama, In
addressing a Jury gave some striking
figures. In three yeara th British
losass In th Boer war ware 33.000 man;
in the aame three years there were killed
on th United States railroads $1,847
persons, while the homicides In ths re
public numbered 81. $88.
On on particular date this year the
situation In San Francisco stood thUB:
In flv year 114 murders had been
committed in that city, exclusive of
Chines killings, snd no one had been
aent to the gallows. In 47 ca.sjs no ar
rests were made; $8 accused persons
war acquitted. 15 were aentenced to
life Imprisonment, and others to shorter
In South Carolina It Is a common say
ing that the safest of crimes is the tak-
ing or - nurnan me. toning me yeaJ"
1903 in that state 333 homicides were
committed. In the same year in Chi
cago there were 138 homicides, while
In London, Eng., with three or four
times the population, there were but 24.
In Chicago on man wa hanged. In
London nine were hanged and four sent
to Insane asylums. In Parla there were
but 15 murders for the year.
The crime of homicide hss much In
creased In the United States In the past
$5 yeurs. In 1881 the ratio of murders
and homicides to population was one to
40.534. while In 1903 it waa one to 8.95
Inhabitants. In 1881 th murders 'and
homicide numbered 1.388 and 90 persons
were hanged. In 1903 th number was
8,978, and 134 persons were executed.
There were 7,71 u mora crimes and only
84 more execution than In tha year
These figure and many more, with
facta and opinions, are given In Mc-
Clure'a, and are alarming enough. What
to at the bottom of It all? Not the for
eign population, aa some will aay. for In
no country from which the foreign pop
ulation comes la there as high a ratio
of murders and homicides as In the
United States, except In Russia. In
states like Kentucky, where there is no
foreign population, the record is par
ticularly bad. The root of the vll seems
to be In politics. The courts ars not
trusted not respected nor entitled to
respect. Th Judges sre politicians. The
policemen are politicians Often the Jury
la packed with partisans and appealed to
by political considerations. One man
shoots another and la acquitted because
he had "provocation" in angry words
that ware exchanged. Every day in the
year Juries bring In verdicts of acquittal
that mean simply this: that murder is
Justifiable where men quarrel --that the
victim might have known what to ex
pect and had tha aame chance to shoot
aa th other man. Th old system of
dualling Waa infinitely preferable to this
growing practice of assassination. Of
the murders don In the United State In
1900 more than half were due to quar
rels 4,89$ out of a total of 8,378.
How can the law be held in respect
what to there to discourage the crime
of murder In Oeorgla, where but one
murderer In a hundred receive th pun
ishment prescribed by law for his crime?
Or In San Franclaco, where 114 murders
resulted tn not on execution? Or In
Chicago, where 138 homicides resulted
In but on hanging? Or In South Caro
lina, where $33 killings will probably go
almost entirely unpunished. except
where the offenders are negroes and for
eigners without money or political back
ing? To put It In another way. how can a
remedy be applied while th Judges are
elected owe their position to the law
breakers they are supnpsed to punish and
look to them and their frlenda for re
election? With the Judge, the prosecut
ing attorney and the aherlff In debt for
their offices to the criminal in the dock
and to hi friends who demand hla ac
quittal, what prospect Is ther of s con
viction? Even where the crime was a
specially bad on, ao that an acquMtal
would be too scandalous, there Is a right
of appeal for a se, , ,nd trial and tricks
by which delays can be had. until people
forget the whole case snd Justice forgets
what her duty la.
In Canada the condemned murderer
Is not entitled to a aacond trial In a
superior court. The Judge who presides
1 not elected nor looking for re-elect lo,
Nor 1 th prosecuting attorney, nor the
chief of police. Party polltlra cannot
paas the door of tha criminal court. The
law la respected because It 1a enforced.
Justice miscarries sometimes, but gen
erally for lack of evidence.
December 8. The thermometer atootl
at 13 degrees below aero, that la at 4 2
degrees below th freezing point; the
wind was from th northwet. Captain
Lewi, with 18 men, went to hunt
buffalo, great numbers of which
darkened th prairies for a considerable
distance, they did not return till after
dark, having killed eight buffaloes snd
one deer. The hunt waa, however, very
fatiguing, as they wre obliged to make
a circuit at a distance of more than
seven mile; th cold, too. wss so ex
.--Helve that tha air wa filled six or
eight tnche deep and sometime 18. In
consequence of which two of th parly
war hurt by fall and several had their
KAN'S POSSXBXUTXXS FOB UTTHG
Aotuarles employed by Insurance com
panlea adopt a standard method of com
puting prospective ages of risks. To
ascertain how many rest s a parson of
given age to ordinarily expected to live,
th present age la deducted from 80.
and two third or th remainder will
Indicate th likely future span of llfs.
Actuarial schedules sre a unit in this
system of calculation. In Illustration
of tha above statement Age 20 de
ducted from 80 yeara shows that 40
yeara to th allotment, while age So
from 80. leaving bellance of 30, repre
sents that 18 years and three months
should. In favorable routine, elapse be
fore tha Inaured Individual's life Is
classified In th past tens column.
Thus It will b observed that Insurance
corporations go to biblical allowance
of "three-score anf 10'.' tin years bet
lewis ana Clark
. . ... .. .