The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, February 25, 1904, Page 4, Image 4

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    Mifcorial Page ' of vfc : Jograall
Pebllshed sverr svesdng (except ssdag) at The Iwwil Balldmg. i Fifth and
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REGISTER BOpTH and Receiver Bridges of the
Roseburg land office, it is announced? will be re
appointed, notwithstanding the president's and
PecrMary , Hitchcock's previous and well-grounded deter
mination -not to appoint them, particularly Booth. The
president has thus overruled his secretary, and yielded to
whom? On the surface, to the importunities of Senators
Mitchell and Fulton, but really, to the Booth-Kelly Lumber
company. . , '
! Why? .
;" The reasons cannot be doubted by observing Oregon
' people. The Booth-Kelly company is the greatest power ,
lri the llepubllcanpwtySThe state of Oregon, forwhoUyl
"business puposea.,, It owns and controls vast tracts of
; timber and other lands. It his been in the land absorbing
business for years; this is perhaps the more Important
part of Its vast business, rather than the manufacture of
lumber; but they go together. Politics is the third chief
lactor in its business., ..... . -
j This great ' land-grabbing corporation controls . and
"handles" Republican party politics. In . a great degree, in
lane, Douglas, . Coos, and other counties, where its vast
areas of land, much of it acquired for cheap "songs," lie.
Its Influence Is potential throughout the state, and, it
seems, not only 1ft Washington, D. C but in the very
White House itself. , '.-.
Consider; Mr. . Booth, who la to be retained In the
Roseburg land office, is a brother of the Booth who is the
head of the Booth-Kelly company, and is secretary of that
company." He- is ona of the company, or Its trusted fend
Confidential employe. Can he, will he, aerva two masters,
iln case of a conflict, of Interests between
Lumber company and the people, , the home:seekers of
' Oregon? Could any one ever serve more than one master?
, Serving one master which VlU it be, the government or
the corporation?
The Question answered itself to the
conscientiously approved his honest secretary's refusal to
appoint Booth. What has changed the president's mind?
- What pressure has been brought to bear t Is the voice
f thl great timber land corporation
that of the people of Oregon?
Well-informed men from Lane, Douglas
ern Oregon counties do not doubt that
' were placed In the land office originally
fluence, chiefly, of this company, and will be retained there
through the same Influence, brought into renewed and
strenuous activity by the prospect of their dismissal; and
these citizens do not hesitate to declare that the change
of front lh 'this matter, and the reappointment of what
they do not hesitate to. call the tools of this corporation,
would be an outrageous scandal which nothing could Jus
tify. ' -;-
A POLITICAL PARTY' which is not
on its own feet, to openly fight
ciples to the last ditch, is not
It can never hope to build Itself up and it can never hope
j to attract to itself the Veil respecting people' who profess
(the principles for which It should bo expected to stand.
It cannot hops to attract to Itself any "but those who are
making a business of politics and all Its tendencies will be
toward degeneration. 1
' There are conditions In Oregon that Would warrant the
hope of a compact and well organised Democratic party.
But the Very foundation stone of the organisation must
be Its independence of all entangling alliances with other
parties. If it Is to be a Democratic party It must be that
and nothing else.: It must stand foe certain principles
. which the party has always stood for' and It must fear de
feat , very much , less' than 'disgraceful alliances. If It
stands squarely on Its own foundation, if it puts forward
men for office who are not political hucksters, a defeat will
do It no harm. Every campaign that goes to prove the
good faith of the organisation will aid powerfully to its
upbuilding. When men see that it stands for what It
; professes, that It Is no longer a tall to anybody's kite, that
it Is no longer something to be traded and trafficked in for
i the sake of a few paltry offices, the general tendency will
ibe in Its direction. There are in this state many good
Democrats who are not openly allied with the party. They
are simply waiting for the moment when the party comes
; out into the open and stands for what It professes. The
: moment that time arrives their ballots and Influence will
!be cast with the party. There" Is, too, a larger body of
Independent voters here - than; seems to be suspected.
; These voters care little for party names, but they care a
igreat. deal for everything that tends toward good govern-
ment. Any vehicle that promises that result, once they
' are assured of its sincerity, can count upon their sup-
All of this cannot be doner in a day or a week. The
character of the party must be established before it can
; expect to get their unqualified allegiance. But once It is
j demonstrated that the party Is In earnest, that it is de
termined, when given the opportunity, to carry out pre-
friend -of the Japs.
, , Portland,, Feb. 21. To the Editor of
The Journal In the Oregonlan recently
appeared a letter signed "O. M. W.," ad
vocating American sympathy with Rus
sia, on two grounds; first, because Rus
sia is a Christian nation and second be
cause of future trade possibilities from
Siberia; and incidentally he does not for
get to brand Japan as a heathen nation,
and his disapproval of everything that
is English, which shows the partiality
and prejudiced, feelings of the writer.
As for the other two reasons; Admit
ting that Russia Is a "Christian nation,"
should we favor her on that account?
Have we not passed that stage In this
world where one nation shall stand by
another, be she right or wrong, because
her people happen to have the same re
ligion? Mors, could the United Stales
assume such a position as she Is neither
a heathen nor a Christian nation? But
admitting the United 8tates to be a
Christian nation, and that her sympathy
should be given to another Christian na
tlon then Japan would be entitled to the
same, for she practices today more of
the genuine Christian spirit than Russia
ever will. '
Japan, little "heathen" as she is al
leged to be, has done more for genuine
civilisation In the last 60 years than the
big Christian nation, Russia would do
In 800 years. With hypocrisy in her
face she holds the cross aa a cloak un-
der which, despotism ana barbarism
reigns supreme. To Jspan we cannot
rrwltt a perpetual Siberia, nor a Klsh
eneff massacre. As to future trade pos
sibilities.' does Mr. O. M. W, want the
felted states to sell her sympathy for
a. few paltry dollars? Did America in
terfere in Cuba to reiairt her trade, .or
for principle's sake We don't have any
sympathy te hell, nor do. we ask for
dsely what Jt promises," its growth will be surprising
and the day will be at hand when it will become a forte to
be reckoned with in the field of politics.
The opportunity comes from the fact that there are
many people In this city and state who are not hidebound
to any party; btit who have come to the conclusion that
the highest and best public Interests would be subserved
were there two, strong political parties in the state;' That
condition once brought about they know they would be as
sured a better class of public' service. Each party might
be expected tq keep its eye on the other. No unwarranted
act committed by the "ins" could escape the jealous at
tention and comment ,of the "outs." Each party would
strive to put Its best foot forward, to make the cleanest
possible official record torJitself, not -necessarily because
the moral standards were raised, but from a lively sense
of the. retribution which, wold follow in the event the pub
Hcr service was permitted to-fait to a low level. Grafting
Is an element that Is
this moment. It Is a
in every section where the officeholders are so secure
through the preponderating vote back of them that they
become Indifferent if not actually callous to public criti
cism. There Is no need to seek far afield to find cases in
illustration. Neither Is It difficult to find many people
here who in matters of local and state concern care little
about party name, while they care everything about? the
record which that
With ail these,
Democratic party
portunity. The time
should be shaken
mtUating alliances
the Booth-Kelly
able to muster no more than a thousand members It would
be a good start In the right direction, which would even
tually lead to a Buccess that would be well deserved.
prestdent when be
mora powerful thaa
entanglements with
question. It therefore
and other south
ciples, that of majority rule and the right to local self-
Booth and Bridges
government. It will be well for those who advocate the
measure to keep this distinction clearly In mind and to
maintain the contest on grounds so eminently safe and
appealing. They should not permit the discussion to stray
through the In
Into strange fields or to be merged Into or confused with
the question of prohibition itself, for t many who are In
hearty accord with the principle of local option are not
inclined to go to the
hlbltlon. ;
The average cltlsen
Is this class whose
probably take up Its
standpoint. He has
willing to stand
section of the city
tor its own prln-
savings. That property represents to him something more
worthy the name,
than the mere money investment. It is a home for. him
self and his family. But he finds the moment he is set
tled that while his chief happiness lies In his home, that
happiness is to a degree affected by his surroundings. If
he has a family of growing children, no matter how much
opposed either in principle or, in practice to outright pro
hibition, he is not likely to want a saloon in his immed
iate neighborhood. The chances are that he has no ob
jections whatever to a saloon down town and on proper
occasion is not averse to visiting it. But this he regards
as quite a different matter from having a saloon In the
Immediate neighborhood of his own home and under the
very eyes of his own family.
Coming from the Individual to the general proposition,
he Is likely to say that this being a government of the
people, ruled by the will of a majority of the people, that
majority should have the right to decide a question such
as this. He would resent a theory which would force a
saloon Into any neighborhood against the wishes of a ma
jority of the people living there. If local option meant
this to him, and It probably would, then he would favor
local option, although clinging to what he considered his
individual right to patronize a saloon himself in the busi
ness sections of the city where he considered It properly
belonged. ,
If the local option question Is thus nakedly presented,
without any frills or complications, in our Judgment It
Is very likely to carry. Many people even now are dis
posed to resent the Imputation that it has in It anything
revolutionary or that those -who favor it are foes to the
public welfare. The liquor men who are raising a great
campaign fund to fight the local option amendment would
do well to bear this in mind and not arouse the Implacable
resentment of men who, while they openly favor and work
for local option, are In many other respects what Is called
"liberal." This Is the element In every community which
constitutes the majority and though it does not always
move Id the same
going much, farther
first Intended.
any favor In the way of trade, because
we can give value received for what we
get. and if the sympathy of the Ameri
cans were for sale we will rather prefer
to sell to a nation who comes near to our
ideals and principles of government than
to one which is 1,000 years behind the
times. O. M. W. goes to the extreme
of questioning the Integrity and sincer
ity of our secretary of state, John Hay,
In his policy in the present . conflict
Russia's methods are always barbaric.
Her action in sinking a surrendered non
combatant merchantman la an example,
and she deserves no sympathy from liberty-loving
Americans, Yours for vic
torious Japan and a free Ruwiia.
Honor to Mr. Mnrphy.
Dallas, Or., Feb. 24. To the Editor of
The Journal I note In this evening's
edition of your paper an account of the
defeat of senate bill No. 1,261, which
measure proposed placing fraternal bene
ficiary orders with lotteries. While the
article doea not say so yet the promi
nence given myself therein would indi
cate that considerable credit was due
ma for the defeat of the measure. This
is an error and I would thank you very
much If you will kindly publish this
correction. This measure was beaten
by the prompt action of the national
fraternal congress supplemented by the
state fraternal congn-asee. T. J. Mur
phy of Fortland'ls secretary of the Ore
gon fraternal congress. It was he who
brought this measure to the attention of
myself and other representatives of ben
eficiary order In Oregon and I feel that
to the aetlve and aggressive manner
in which he has pressed this matter Is
due In large measure credit for this
fraternst ' victory. Mr. Murphy repre
sented all Oregon orders in this matter.
I merely assisted him as far as the out
of Portland camps of the Woodmen of
the World were concerned.
.' Yours truly,
TmhUl streets.' Porting Oregon.
attracting great public attention at
species of industry which flourishes
party makes.
loose - jointed factors In Its favor, the
finds itself face to face with Its op
to begin the building is now. It
loose from all its entangling and nu
and if In this whole city It should be
evident that this question of local
option is to be fought with much spirit. It Is now
before the public as a naked proposition without
the much more radical prohibition
gets down to fundamental prln
radical extreme of oftt and out pro
who is not a prohibitionist, and it
votes will decide, the question, will
consideration from his individual
a piece of property in some residence
which he has built from his hard earned
direction It might easily be Irritated into
and much more vehemently than It
From the Philadelphia North American.
: Of Russian diplomacy, the last few
years have witnessed such exposition
that It stands forth as a monumental
system of falsehood and hypocrisy. It Is
the apotheosis of craft, the elevation of
lying to the level of a fine art Over and
over again this has been demonstrated.
The formation of The Hague arbitration
tribunal, hailed as Russia's service to
ward bringing about universal peace,
was simply a cloak for further aggres
sion, for while the eyes of the world
centered upon that glittering promise
in the west, Russia was strengthening
her grip in tne east and challenging war.
The nations joined In remonstrance were
soothed by polite assurance and the
sapping of Manchuria's independence
went on. For every protest there was a
renewed pledge, and for every pledge -a
repudiation. For years Russia has stood
before the nations with lies upon her
lips, hiding unceasing encroachment un
der fair promises, and fairly stifling pro
test by the daring of hr false dealing.
That is that Russian "diplomacy" which
waa once the admiration of the world.
but which is known now. under the in
exorable light of events, ror what it is
a studied system of deliberate -deceit
By exposing It and defending herself
against 'the further encroachments
which it involves, Japan has earned the
sympathy which she is receiving.
Is Applicable Here.
Alluding to the protected Impudence
of a gambling "king," the Chicago Rec
ord-Herald concludes an editorial in Inn
guage , that might be locally applied,
namely: "It Is anything but amusing to
see the officials to whom authority In
such matters has beep committed either
timidly closing their eyes to their duty
Or brasenly ignoring it A day of reck
oning for such officials will certainly
come, and it also- will be anything but
amusing." - . .
Oregon Sidelights
Eastern Oregon has been blessed both
by a deep snew and a heavy Chinook
both good for farmers, stock raisers and
miners. 5 , .
Salem, is not so very, young; the first
white child born there, R, T. Judaon. Is
dead, aged II years. 1 -
Preferring light to darkness, because
their-deeds are not evflrthe- peoplcot
Dufur will soon have an electric light
plant in operation.
Marshfleld Is becoming quite metro
politan. . It is to have, a brass band and
City park, which will go well together
also a board of trade.'
"Butterfly" parties are In vogue in
some Oregon towns, possibly so-called
because real1 butterflies are now' non
existent In this latitude.
' Tfta population, products and business
of the Coos Bay country are growing
rapidly; a fact which it would be well
for Portland business men to Bote. .
A North Bend, - Coos 'county, man's
store was blown down, and his neighbors
at once raised 1500 and made him a pres
ent of It, an incident that speaks well
for the people of that young town.
The Dufur; Wasco county. Dispatch
claims, and presents facts .to prove that
Dufur Is as picturesquely and well sit
uated' for the comfort and' well being of
its inhabitants as any town in Oregon.
The salary of the recorder of. Long
Creek has been raised to $11.60 per
month, but this generosity was partly
balanced by reducing the treasurer's
salary to $24 a year. The marshal will
still draw 116 a month.
Mr. O. M. McDowell, manager of the
Ladd Metals company, tells the Baker
City Democrat that they expect to have
their new smelter-, at Homestead, near
the Iron Dyke mine, in operation by next
June. The smelter will have a capacity
of 300 tons per day and they will get
the ore from that mine. Litigation in
progress is of a friendly character.
Some people of Grant county want a
new county formed; others desire rather
a change In the location of the county
seat; and yet others think things are
about right as they are; all of which
will cause local candidates to lead a
strenuous if not a more or less strad
dling existence durlnf-the next few
Often is the fact Illustrated that
while some people meet with accidents
In which escape - from sudden death Is
"miraculous," to quote a common but
incorrect term others die from the ef
fects of what seems at first but some
trifling Injury, scarcely worth notice.
Fred Walling, of Marion county, 18
years old, received in play a blow on
one hand that bruised and skinned one
knucklt iut he made no complaint of Jt,
yet in a few days it caused his death,
in spite, of the science and skill of
Commenting on Mr, H, E. Ankeny's
alleged declaration that Speaker Harris
deserved to be and would be nominated
for and elected representative in con
gress, the Ashland Tribune remarks:
Mr. Harris appears to be a bright
young fellow and hie pictures look well
in print, but when the claim is advanced
that he has earned the congressional
nomination, it is in order for its sponsor,
Mr. Ankeny, to supply us with some
specification. We know of several gen
tlemen in the district whose friends can
claim sacrifices for them on the altar of
the party's machine. They ought to be
rewarded, but unfortunately they are
confronted with Jhs condition, once so
vexatious to the late Llshe Applegate
and Jim Nesbltt, that there are not
enough offices to go round."
Portland Chronicle: That members
of the Matthews-Cary faction are re
sorting to the desperate efforts that
even a forlorn hope cannot excuse is
evidenced by many of their recent acts.
The street cleaning department crowded
to Its utmost limit, is organized under
the leadership of Alex Donalson, and the
hardest work performed by its members
is to attend the political meetings-held
night after night in the various wards
under the dictation of Jack Matthews.
Federal officials, supposed to be under a
certain restraint as regards political
work sre not only contributing to the
campaign fund, but are devoting time
that properly belongs to their employer,
the national government toward manip
ulations. The most ha re faced, however,
of all the schemes worked by these self
styled regular Republicans is that per
petrated through the agency of the city
engineers' office where nearly a hundred
"inspectors" (?) are hired to work
politics and are paid by the city for
work which they scarcely make a pre'
tense of doing.
The Salem Journal thus throws out a
cold sprsy in Mr. Harris' direction, and
essays to cheer up Mr. Hermann a lit
tle: "It will be recalled that the Lane
county politicians Insisted last spring
on nominating Hermann. They could
have nominated Harris then, but all the
leaders said It must be Hermann. The
district has no sooner got Itself ad
justed to their way of thinking than the
managers turn around and say Mr. Her
mann must go away back and sit down.
Well, it Is a good thing that Lane
county is not the whole thing. There
are 17 counties In the district that will
all have a little something to say, and at
least, it can be insisted upon that fair
treatment be accorded to all sections. It
looks ss if Marion county would not
have a candidate this time, unless'
Walter Toose of Woodburn enters tho
race. Lane county would be just as
quick to tell him to. go away back and
sit down. Binger Hermann has about
as many friends in Marlon county as any
of the aspirants, and this county owes
It to the Republican party in a presi
dential year to treat all fairly."
A petition having been filed. In the
Massachusetts state House asking that
the limit of damages that can be re
covered for the loss of life In a railway
accident he increased from 85,000- to
826,000. the Boston Herald advocates the
policy prevailing In New 'York, which
is to plsce no limit on the value of a
life lost under such circumstances, but
to leave its value entirely to a Jury, re
marking that, many thousands may be
recovered for any injury that is not
fatal; but for a life, however valuable,
for the kitting of a man whose abilities
bring to his family tens of .thousands a
year, only 16,000 Is recoverable. , There
are lives that are worse than worthless,
lives whose ending Is a relief to family
and community. It should be left to a
Jury to decide upon the value of each
life as to which an action is brought.
1 1 1 !
Holland's New York Special In Chicago
'"' :v; 77 : Record-Herald, v
: Senator Henna's advent into a field of
politics wh-tcrj Republicans of New York
believed tu.y had a right to pre-empt
was looked upon as an intrusion. To
use the colloquialism of the day, the
senator, then . plain Mark Hanna, . was
spoken of as having "butted in." To
day there ara some who permit a lurk
ing sense of injury, ' a ' feeling ot in
tolerance to abide wttnrthenrwneirthey
recall the Mark Hanna of 1895 and 19.
And yet no ' greater service in recent
years was done to the Republican party
and the Republican organisation 'ot New
York, and especially to the Republicans
of New York, than that which waa per
formed by Mark Hanna in those years.
The organisation in this state was cor
rupted by dry rot Jt had not real vi
tality. Such higher politics as the lead-
era thought they played was nevertheless
petty politics.
The campaign of 1893 might have
been In any event impossible one
for' the Republicans so far as success
was concerned,, but it could have been
brought closer to 'a matched battle, or,
at least, to a defeat in which there was
no humiliation, had it not been for the
complacent laziness, the self-conscious
leadership and the dry ,' rotting which
had pervaded, the organisation. - - Politics
such as Mr. Hanna brought to New
York and ; exemplified throughout . the
country in 1895 and In 1896 would have
made impracticable the attempt to neu
tralise the Democracy of the far west
so that the Republican electoral ticket
in several - states was sure of defeat
through fusion ' of Democracy and the
, Mr. Hanna was not well, known per
sonally, not greatly by reputation in this
city, prior to 1895. Now and then he
came to New York arith McKlnley, mak
ing one or two especially interesting
visits when McKlnley was governor ot
Ohio. The business friends Of Mf. Hanna
received him aa a successful, aggressive
business man of the west, always re
ceived with courtesy, often with kind
ness and much hospitality and yet with
something of reserve, as though to say:
"We- respect and admire you, although
you are not of us."
In the early part of 1898 it was ap
parent to the Republican leader of this
state that some secretive, undlscernible
currents, were swaying aconsiderable
element of the Republican party. Not
among the leaders, not even among the
captains and lieutenants of . the Re
publican organisation was there any In
dication that these currents were. bear
ing them along, but It was evident that
a considerable part of the masses, and
especially the plain people, that great
middle body of New York City, were not
tolerant of the politics the Republican
leaders here had in view, and were
turning their eyes toward Ohio.
It soon showed how skillfully Mr.
Hanna and those who were withr him
that time utilised the undercurrent thai
was setting strongly toward McKlnley,
because the governor of Ohio, through
his career in congress, was believed fully
to represent the inspirations to prosperity,-
to - industrial -actlvltyvto-plenr
tiful wage earnings, which had been so
sadly demoralised during the second ad
ministration of Cleveland.
It was one of the weaknesses of the
Republican leadership of New York at
that 'time that It kept but slightly in
touch with the masses. A sort of au
tocratic spirit prevailed, and among
these leaders there was the determina
tion that the cross currents that were
being guided so skillfully by some one
should be dammed up so that there
could be no obstacle to the predominance
of New York in the national convention,
and the naming by New York of a gold
man, a Sound money- man, an eastern
man, a csarllke man, in the sense that
he had courage and executive force,
namely. Speaker Thomas B. Reed, for
the presidency.
Little by little it began to be perceived
at first, not by the political leaders, but
by the men of finance of Wall street,
that the powerful .undercurrents were
setting toward Mckinley, not in any
haphasard or undirected way, but skill
fully controlled by a hand that was not
seen. There can forgetfulnesa of
the cynicism with which the Republican
leaders referred to this attempt to lead
New York Republicans away from the
candidacy of Reed to that of McKlnley.
Moreover, there was a disposition on the
part of those who were not cynical to
be humorous when referring at last to
the Identification of Mr. Hanna with the
new politics that had McKinley's noml
nation in view. - ,-
That, of course, is the way always
with the Republicans when the new
comer appears until he is Judged by the
criterion of success. After Mr. Hanna
had demonstrated his ability in marshal
Ing great bodies of men Into common
political action, into mobilising, so to
sneak, widespread, although not contm
uous, opposition for the McKlnley sen
timent was broken into here and there-
then there was a desire to investigate
the methods by which Mr, Hanna had
There were in New Tork at that time
men of prominence In railway affairs
and in finance who knew from personal
experience the peculiar intellectual' and
personal qualities of Mr. Hanna, which.
when concentrated upon a single pur'
pose, made him a master among men,
either in finance. Industry or politics.
These men told of the triumphs of Sen
ator Hanna of 16 years earlier, saying
that It was under his inspiration that
action was taken which swiftly brought
reaction into the Republican party.
which had despaired of victory after the
September defeat in 1880 In the state of
Mr. Hanna at that time was active as
a politician, in Ohio,, and especially in
the western reserve. It seemed to him
then that it was vital if General Oar
field was to be successful in the cam
paign of that year that General Grant
and Senator Conkllng should In some
public, some: inferential! y sympathetio
manner, Indicate that whatever grievous
disappointment may have followed the
.action of the convention of 1880, never
theless the Republican party could not
afford to be defeated in the campaign of
that year, nor .could men who had re-
From the New York World.
The International Paper , company,
which, with its allies, controls the pro
duction and sale of paper in this coun
try, is a typical tariff made trust, and
more. , ' . .
It has the familiar trust features ot
"undigested securities" and lack of cash
capital. .It. exhibits -the' usual indiffer
ence to Improved machinery and cheaper
processes, while actually restricting' pro
duction. Heavily protected by the tariff,
it charges in America, like other trusts,
"what the traffic . will bear." and It
"dumps" its surplus stock m England
at prices far cheaper than those charged
to home consumers.
In these respects It Is true to its type,
a corporation, formed "In restraint of
trade" to kill competition and to "cap
italise" its corpse. But it Is more than
a money making trust. It Is a tax on
knowledge, a barrier to projrress, a wall
against that general diffusion-of Infor
mation which is .necessary to "the very
existence of a republic,
, Hence it is matter of public and gen
ceived distinguished honors from the
party sully their political and personal
reputations by sulking.
Mr. Hanna therefore arranged for a
Republican mass-meeting at : Warren,
O., the largest town in General Garfield's
congressional' district and in great
measure . because of the solicitation of
Mr. Hanna, Senator Conkllng Was per
suaded to accept the invitation sent to
him to speak at this meeting, probably
at last persuaded because it was known
that General Grant had agreed to speak
if only Senator Conkllng would go with
him. , The Warren meeting has become
a tradition of the Republican party,
partly because it marked the date and
the place where the ebb tide ceased and
the flood began for the Republicans;
partly because ot the power, simplicity,
persuasiveness and purity of the English
of the speeoh which General Grant there
delivered, probably the first ever made
by him in a political .campaign. .
' General Grant and Senator Conkllng
arrived at Warren on the evening before
the day of the meeting. It was arranged
that they ahouia potfl go to Cleveland,
from . Warren, , after - the meeting was
over. Mr. Hanna had it in mind that
these two distinguished Republicans, at
one time chief among the leaders of the
party, should stop at Mentor, Garfield's
home, on their way back to Cleveland,
Mr. Hanna knew that if there' waa any
more than a formal call ot courtesy that
fact would persuade hesitating and. dis
appointing Republicans of the return of
Cordial party Sentiment, so that there
would no longer be any danger ot the
defeat of General. Garfield, through Re
publican default. '
Mr. Hanna at that time rurmsnea
evidences of some of the more striking
characteristics which afterward, when
better disciplined and seasoned by ex
perience,' made him the master poli
tician of his generation. No detail was
too small for his care. He arranged
with the railway Officers to run the
train as a special after the close og the
Warren meeting. The general manag
er's private car and engine were sent
to Warren on the morning of the day
of the meeting, ready at any moment to
take Grant and Conkllng and their party
to Cleveland by way of Mentor after
the meeting was , ended. Then began
Mr. Henna's power as a persuader, a
tactician with abundant tact. He found
that Senator Conkllng at first peremp
torily refused to stop at Mentor, offer
ing as an excuse that It waa neoessary
that he should be In Cleveland at
o'clock that evening, so he might take
the train east. Thereupon Mr. Hanna
telegraphed to the general manager at
Pittsburg, who was his Intimate friend.
asking if it would be poslble to reach
Cleveland by 6 o'clock and stop an hour
at Mentor. The general manager Intu
itively perceived the strategy of Mr.
Hanna and at once sent him a message
stating that arrangements had been
made to give quick dispatch to the spe
cial, allowing time enough 'to Visit Gen
eral Garfield at Mentor.
Mr. Hanna received this telegram
while on the platform at the meeting,
and. having read it, showed it to Gen
eral Grant. Thereupon General Grant
said -t Senator-Cookllngi- -Well,- eena
tor, I guess perhaps we would better
stop at Mentor." And Senator Conkllng,
perceiving that his only excuse . no
longer was valid, agreed grudgingly to
stop briefly at Mentor, provided he could
get to Cleveland at t o'clock. The train
made a special run, to Ashtabula, and
then, transferring to the Lake Shore, to
Mentor, where the memorable visit to
General Garfield was made, and the
party reached Cleveland at S:4I o'clock.
The politics that was In this achieve
ment of Mr. Henna's Illustrates his per
sistency, his fidelity o detail, his tact
fulness snd the broad, far-sweeping
vision which enabled him accurately te
master the relation of men to .one an
other and the events, one of the greater
qualifications of a shrewd politician.
It was by reason of qualities of this
kind and the fine use of them that Mr,
Hanna, not then, senator, taught the
politicians of New York the finest les
sons they had had since the days of
the young Republican party and of Thur
low Weed. He brought the breath of
energy, activity, tlreleasness, and espe
cially the sense of power which comes
from that contact with the masses
which Is not perfunctory.
Among the men of real Intellectual
power in New York who are politicians
it is probable that Mr. Hanna's greatest
achievement Is regarded as that which
followed the nomination of McKlnley,
and was proved by McKinley's election.
For when McKlnley was nominated it
was the presumption that the political
campaign would be upon the old Issues
modified as they had been by the sad
experiences of President Cleveland's
second administration. Mr. Hanna had
seen at the St. Louis convention, at the
reporters table, a long, black-haired
brilliant-eyed young man taking notes.
A month later Hanna- perceived that
under the hypnotism and charm of that
reporter the Democratic party had com
pletely changed front and was approach
ing the Rtupbilcans In the campaign
upon the flank, so to speak. It was th
first time In our political history that
the mansger of a campaign for one
party had round hlmseu confronted bi
hie opponents, not in front or upon tke
old Issues, but upon the flank, advanc
ing obliquely, so to speak, through the
unrest or the ranks In the far west.
It was In recognition of 'the extraor
dinary skillful manner in which Mr.
Hanna met this . flank movement, the
extreme delicacy and at the ssme time
the great courage with which he nursed
hesitating Republicans back to loyal
support of their party that at last gave
Mr. wanna tne supreme confidence of
that great financial district in New York
which barely had tolerated him. Often
looked upon him with distrust, and who
thought McKlnley beneath the Intellec
tual stature of men fitted to be presl
From that opinion there has never
been any change in New York with re
spect to Mr. Hanna, nor ' did vulgar
abuse and mendacious and indecent at
tack ever weaken the confidence which
he at last obtained among the repre
sentative men or this city.
eral Importance that 28ft newspapers,
published in all parts of the country,
represented st the meeting in this city
yesterday of the American Newspaper
Publishers' association, arranged to sub
scribe the sum of 8100.000 to further
such action against the trust as the pub
lic interests demand.
The association asks President Roose
velt and the attorney-general to "in
stitute a suit against any of the three
paper combination to test the legality
of their existence and whether, they do
not stifle competition." It asks ot the
president and the congress a reduction
of the duties upon paper and the wood
pulp from which it is made.
Public opinion should recognize pub
lie Interest In Imperatively backing both
requests. -
jtdob ironrars -poutioi.
' . From tho Portland New Age.
It Is only a rumor 'that ex-Circuit
Judge Henry E. McGinn has rejoined his
forces with those of the Simon people;
but it true for in reality Judge
McGinn Is too busy professionally to.
care much about politics. , '
Smai Change
Baker City ana Roseburg appear to be
favorite resorts holdup men.',
Musio-lovlng ' Russians are getting
more of the "Mlkdo" than they Ilka
New York Republicans appear to. be
just about as haraoaious as those of
Portland. I - .
"God Is with us." writes the kaiser to .
the csar. With a dub of Divine jus
tice, perhaps,
During- the war stme Russian com
manders may make mei that oannot
iske fkan
toly. ; '
d is" unfortunately.
It is said that "everything goes by
eontrariea in China." Vhlch makes Tsi
An'a reian all riant
Members ot eongress think biennially
that the term is too short requires
them to work hard too ofttn.
It la better to have loved and lost
than never to have felt tht Joy of the
successful plaintiff Is a dlvoree suit
The Albany Democrat ssys Ws need
more men wno never na.- aareT wno
and where are the soma "alradty yet?".
An advertisement In the morning
paper requests replies from "gntlemen
only In appearance," Many can fill the
bill.. .- .,.-' ,
The man or woman who does some
thing toward conquering consumption Is
greater than he who subdues a foreign
country. . :
It Is reported that a mountain of soap
has been discovered In California.. But
this will not . Interest the "unwashed
The Sick Man of Europe is feeling
quite frisky in consequence of contem
plating the whacks being bestowed upon
Adam-sad, ...
According to soma reports, even the
Chinese are whipping the Russians, per
haps as a variety of their New Year
Mayor McClellan ot New York pro
hibits flirting by and with policemen.
Perhapa this may be a valuable tip for
our reform administration.
Because the new Ohio . senator-prob
ably-to-be la named Dick is no assurance
that anybody can be so familiar with
him as to say "Hello, Dick.".
An Ashland man has a "dlvinlng-rod"
that indicates concealed gold and silver.
If he can make the right people believe
this, he need net dig himself.
J. Ham Lewis will be at the Demo
cratic national convention. May that
not Cast a lurid cloud over our gov
ernor's vice-presidential prospects?
The Iowa Republican politicians try
tostand pat" on th high-tariff ques
tion, but the Iowa voters keep making
motions as if to discard the draw.
Russia is one of the big bodies that
must move slowly, at least at first; but
if it does once get a successful "move
on," the Japs will have to Jump lively.
Several Portland lawyers are "rowing"
among one another. Which does not
cause Other people's grief thereat to add
appreciably to the Willamette's waters.
Whatever else we may lack, a suffi
cient number of school buildings and
rooms for the rapidly Increasing num
ber of Portland school children must be
It need not be feared that the climatic
dangers ot Panama will seriously affect
the canal commissioners as It may the
diggers. The jobs are different In sev
eral respects.
Register Bridges snd Receiver Booth
of the Roseburg land office are happy.
The president and Secretary Hitchcock
finally concluded that they were all
right, or nearly enough so, and they can
stay four years more.
The good people of Montavllla object
to having insane people confined "In
their midst"; but have they stopped to
consider how many more or less craxy
people and different sorts of damp or
dry fools are loose and free?
After all, most newspsper men, for
the purpose of counting cash, don't care
whether it is a thousand million or a
million million that makes a billion:"
But if anybody really cares about know
ing, why doesn't he ask Rockefeller?
A rich man has a perfect legal right,
and perhaps a moral right, too this
might be debated to leave his prop
erty as he wills, but st least some
friends of the late Sonator Hanna will
regret that he left millions to relatives
only, and not a cent to worthy charity.
No great loss without some small
gain. Perhaps enough of the wreck of
the Howe will be left on Long beach to
serve as a slight attraction next sum
mer and afford an object that will serve
as an excuse for visits by moonlight of
the summer girls snd their besmltten
male danglers.
The wonder Is not that the rule pro
hibiting patrolmen from drinking In
saloons while on duty should be estab
lished, but that breaches of It should
render a lecture on the subject by the
chief necessary. In most well-regulated
cities such an act Is positive and sure
cause 'for absolute dismissal. But
drinking in. saloons by policemen Is an
old custom In Portland.
CAMTAX, Airs yvsuo zvvtxbxt.
From the Bend Bulletin.
Of the greatest Importance to the Des
chutes valley is the merger of conflict
ing Irrigation interests that has practi
cally been accomplished in the past
week. With this consolidation of the
flnanclsl Interests involved every cause
of friction has been removed, and It Is
noped the lnharmony that has done so
much to retard progress here will whol
ly disappear. Capital may go a certain
way in the face of a hostile public sen
timent, but it will not take unreasonable
risks and it will not work freely where
It Is not welcome, We should gather
wisdom from the past and Join hands for
the encouragement of the reorganized
irrigation movement. ..-
This region needs capital for its de
velopment Capital will not come here
to lose Its life; it eomes te make money. -It
should be permitted to-make money.
The circumstances of the case sre such
that while capital is getting its profit
the people Will also get theirs. This is
what Is meant by development All will
prosper or fall together.
V,A Qnery. .'., '!..'-"'.-Frem
tha'Atlanta Journal.
Did Japan cut the Korean cable or
did the Russian foreign minister try to
seno a "Jierram and Sian his nam
it? . T