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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 20, 1904)
HIE OREGON DAILY JOtnflfrAL. POniXAy P. SATURDAY EYEKiyQ, FEBIlUAItY 20. 1904.
RUSSIA MAY AWAKEN
TO GREAT ACTIVITY
p Special Hearst Correspondent at Tokio Tells of
v the situation 1 here General Joe Wheeler
' (Hearst Special Service.)
(Br Gen. Jo WTlMlw.)
New York, Feb. JO.-The, expressed de
termination on the port of Russia to
nwintain Its prestige In the position of
one of the powerful nations of the world
is in accordance with the general ex
pectation of nil who have watched the
course of events during the last 10 or
28 years. That this is the only proper
course for Russia to pursue is evident
It means the exercise of this great na
tion's almost boundless resources to
the utmost extent possible.
The peace strength of the Russian
army in about 42,000 officers and more
than 1;000,000 men of the rank and file.
On a"war footing it is about 75,000 offi
cers and 4,600,000 men, employing more
than 650,000 horses. To; realise the
stupendous power of Russia we must
recall that one-fifth of its; population is
capable pf; bearing arms anfl .doing serv
ice in any campaign. On this basis 28,-
000,009 Russians could bear arms. We,
therefore, see that this" Immense army
of 4, 67$, 000 officers and men would be
less than. 'one-sixth ot the ' population
capable of doing duty as soldiers.
We miit also keep in mind that the
cear and those in authority under him
hold that their first, most sacred and
imperative duty la to preserve the Integ- j
rlty of the nation, alike rrom attacks of
foes without and t(r maintain. the sover
eign powerof the Imperial ruler. We may
therefore assume that the . full re
sources of Russia will be called into ac
tion, and after sufficiently guarding the
strongholds tf 'European Russia an im
mense army sufficient to outnumber the
entire military strength of Japan by far
will be dispatched as promptly as pos
sible to the czar's Asiatic possessions.'
Persistent and reputed assertions in
cablegrams from London, Paris and Ber
lin that the Russian army is concen
trating" at Harbin must be an error.
Mukden is more directly behind the Rus
sian forces on the Talu river. It Is on
or near the railroad that connects Har
bin with Port Arthur, and is more than
300 miles from Harbin and nearly 800
from Port Arthur. The Russians can
gather supplies ft Harbin for their army
and they can transport them from liar
bin to Mukden. If the Japanese can so
interrupt her as to prevent this it will
be impossible for the Russians to keep
a it-army on or near the Yalu river. It
might be argued that troops t Harb;n
would be in a position to move ' to the
relief of Vladivlatok, but, a there is. no
lueunie lima Japanese troops In that
jocamy tnis would be sufficient reason.
Cables that assert that before 12 days
nusaia, wui nave tug.ooo men in wan
churia is also an error. - It mav be Run
sia's hope, but under existing conditions
sucn a consummation would not be pos
OF LOOAL JAPANESE
THE ENGLISH RACE
(Hearst Special Herrlce.!
By Perclval FhUllps.
Toklo, Feb 20. Advices this morn
lng report that the Russians are moving
south i toward Seoul. Enthusiasm for
everything English and American is ap
parent since the outbreak of war. It
culminated in festivities' In honor of the
arrival of the cruisers Rasuga and
The mayor declared a public holiday
ana a xeie was organized in the famous
Hlbya park in honor of the English
crews which marned the cruisers. The
destruction of the Varlag in fireworks
waa shown in the evening. The feature
of the day was the universal display of
the Britlstt flag, and a number of
speeches In favor of an' alliance with
England were made.
Most of the European and American
correspondents sent to Join the Japanese
forces are still in Tokio awaiting per
mission to go to the front. Only per
sonal permits signed by the war min
ister are to be given. Thus far none
have been Issued. There is much
grumbling in consequence. The censor
ship is mdre rigid than ever.
MAY BE ERECTED
STOCXHOISEBS Or POKTUIS
WOOX.EV KILLS TO KAXB AH XT-
4 tot to svxxj) vrr as zksustxt
. OT OBBATSX KAGBTrTTDB MAT
HOT LOCATE AT 1XLLWOOD.
The Portland .Woolen mills, which
were destroyed by nre at Bell wood op
i nursoay, wju oe, rermut v on, a more
extensive and modem basis if the peo-
pie of Portland" subscribe' for' stock.
Manager & I Thompson, In speaking
j or the condition or the affairs or " the
company and their plans for the future.
stated: . ' . .. , . - - , , ;
. 'Tha idea of the stockholders is to
build up a woolen manufacturing con
. cern which will mean much for Port
land. The Willamette valley, by virtue
f of its locAtloa is an ideal spot for an
Industry-of this nature, and in time it
. ran be made a eonoern which will cut
Six Free Trips
OPEN TO THE JOURNAL BOYS AND
: GIRLS UNDER 20 YEARS OF AGE
) The Journal will send three boys and
three girls, furnishing transportation,
including Pullman accommodations, and
expenses for a H-days' trip ' to the
' , world's fair at St, Louis, on the follow
ing conditions: .
... The boy and girl in Portland secur
. lng the greatest number of cash sub
scriptions to The Journal, each 10 cents
i of subscription counting a point in their
favor, will be entitled to the first two
. of the free trips.
The boy and girl in any part of Ore
gon, Outside of Portland, securing the
greatest number of cash subscriptions
, to The Journal, each 10 cents of sub-
scrlptlon counting a point in their favor,
- will be entitled to the next two of the
The boy and girl in any part of the
1 northwest or the Pacific coast, outside
of Oregon, securing the greatest num
ber of cash subscriptions to The Jour
nal, each 10 cents of subscription count
; ing a poln in their favor, will be en
; titled to the last two of the free trips.
To all those boys and girls psrtlci
patlng in the contest, and not success
ful In securing one of the free trips
to the St. Louis world's fair, 10 per
cent of tlje remittances of each top
testant for subscriptions to The Jour
, nal will te returned to the respective
contestant, as a reward for his or her
ertorts in xne journal s Denair.
Those wishing to share in th benefits
of the offer must "send In ttkii name
and addresses, or call at the office of
-.The Journal, for such advertising mat
' ter as may be Issued, ,
Subscriptions to the Dally, Weekly or
; Bemi-weeaiy journal will be accepted
and credited under this offer. . j
fc This content 'Will close at 8 o'clock
p. m.. on Tuesday, May 31. 1804, and
. the names of the successful contestants
will be announced in The Journal as
- soon as the vote la .canvassed, enabling
the successful boys snd girls to receive
the benefits hereunder between. Jun B
and the close of the world's fair.
. Enter the Contest at Once the
Time U Limited, end Oppor
tunity Knock at Your Door.
You May Win.
figure in the commercial life of the
city. The old company was in a great
measure an experiment. Some enter
prising people put up the money. While
laboring under disadvantages the com
pany was a success. The experience we
have had has shown us how we can do
better and cheaper work and install ma
chinery best adapted ror all purposes.
We have received a number of flatter
ing offers to establish the plant at
points other than Sellwood.
"It has not been decided that we will
again locate at Sellwood, and we cer
tainly will not, unless we have assur
ance that the annoyances we have been
subjected to over water rights and site
extensions are removed. '
"The city-and the people must take
some Interest and help to build up this
Industry and remove all barriers te the
progress of the concern before w feel
like again undertaking to put the ven
ture on its feet. . i
. "The old stockholders now r.i h,
othej in the? city who have, plenty of
mm muiicy anouia neip along the move
ment." D. M, Donaugh, president of the Sell
wood board of trade, has called a meet
ing of the citizens of that nu
Fireman's hall,' Tuesday, February 28
at I o'clock. ; They will take steps to'
have the Portland Woolen mills re
build on the old site.
"United States, 15,000.000; Oregon,
$800,000; Portland, $80,000; ; mo,:' ISO.
That is the way the Japanese laborer is
balancing accounts for the coming year
and-that Is the way he decides what, his
share of the patriotic fund for the
fatherland, or mother isle, shall be.
Those who are behind the Japanese
Patriotic league, which merely means
every "son of Japan living in America,
say that $5,000,000 will be raised by
the Japanese In the United States for
the aid of their country and that the
laborer's proportion of this will be about
$30. that is, the man who works on the
section for 90 cents a day, will donate
something like six weeks' work mean
while boarding himself.
That any son of the mikado will hesi
tate for a moment to so donate is not
considered as even remotely probable
and the local patriots say that before
they started at all on a campaign for
funds there was $10,000 subscribed in
Th& Japanese Patriotic league will
meet In Portland tonight for the first
time since the Chinese war. The meet
ing will be held in the hall at, Couch
and First streets at 8 o'clock. ' There
are between 600 and 600 Japanese In
Portland, about 1,000 in the adjoining
territory end probably more than 8,600
in the state. The local league will be
a union of all Japanese societies and
also of all the mikado subjects who are
not members of a native society. ."When
war comes, say the local league1 lead
era. the Japanese Patriotic learue
springs into being without formal no
tice. When the little isle off in the
Yellow . sea gets Into trouble all over
the world the league meets, advances
big sums and pledges eternal support to
japan ana the mikado. During the Chi
nese war the looal league gave $2,000,
out then there were less than 100 Jan
anese in the' city. t
-ine money is not a war rund." ex
plained a member of the league, "oui
country does not need funds for war
and our gifts would not help much. We
raise this money for our Red Cross so
elety, for hospitals, for field work, for
food, supplies and everything the ' so
ciety may need. The government -ex.
pends the money as it has need, but that
is what the donations are used for."
The league has no rearular time nr
meeting, its members will during the
wars duration, probably gather once
montn,. report progress and keep en.
thusiastlc. Isolated fellow subjects of
the flowery Isle will send in their trib
ute, stray donations from mountain ham'
lets and river settlements- will be com'
ing In for months and all over' Oregon
ana the entire country' the league a In'
fiuence will gather in ' the mites that
will be later forwarded to San Fran
cisco and from there sent to the Orient
RUSSIAN AND FRENCH
(Continued from Page One.)
the captain, were killed and 80 others
were picked up in boats. . .
The official laying the mines was the
only man In the fleet knowing exactly
how the mines were disposed. He was
killed. A. violent storm followed the ex
plosion and the mines came to the sur
face and floated In all directions. The
next day the cruiser Boyarln was sent
to assist In securing the derelicts. The
Boyarln was caught in the storm, driven
on the rocks and there became a total
The loss to the Russian fleet to date
is 11 large ships wrecked or perma
nently damaged. Trains running from
Port Arthur to Harbin are greatly de
layed. The line is closely guarded.
to rxOTXor AxsmxoAjrs.
Consul Allen Instructed to Prevent "Vio
lence Klag Inspects SUa Wavy.
- (Journal Special Bertie.)
Washington, Feb. 20. Steps have
been taken by the state department to
protect 100 Americans and the property
of the Oriental Consolidated Mining
company in the vicinity of Yalu in
Korea. Consul Allen has been Instruct
ed to prevent all violence if possible.
Cowes, Feb. 20. King Edward today
watched the rnaneuvres of a strong fleet
of torpedo boat destroyers and subma
rine boats and later inspected the new
naval college at Osborne.
HUNGRY DOGS DO
. HAVOC AT MILWAUKIE
"Out of a flock of 20 lamb, t' .l T
owned last night. II are either dead or
so badly, crippled that they will die or
have to be killed, as there la no hope of
ssvlng them," said Richard Scott of
Mllwaukle this mornlnar. "Thr or.
about 2,000 dogs in Sellwood and almost
as many in Mllwaukle, and as I live be
tween tne two towns there Is no es
cape from them. If the dogcatcher
would do his duty he could make a
great haul in either town. This is the
second flock I have had destroyed h
dogs this winter."
FIREBOAT SLIP AT
The city authorities have practically
decided to establish the permanent. slip
for the new flreboat at the foot of East
Washington street, the site which has
aroused so much controversy. , It was
alleged that the property did not legally
belong to the county, but a close inves
tigation has determined to the contrary.
The flreboat will be launched on Feb
ruary 27, and inVltatlons to witness the
event have been issued already. The
ceremonies will consist of the usual bot
tle of wine broken on the prow.
, The Ancient Order of United Work
men will hold memorial services at S
o'clock tomorrow afternoon In the First
Presbyterian church In memory of mem
bers who have died during the year.
The program follows:
Invocation ode Choir
(Congregation requested to Joln.l
Address .Rev. E. P. Hill
"Oatherinr Home" .Choir
Reading of the necrology of the year.
J. H. Zane
"Consider and Hear Me"
Quartet and chorus
(Alto solo, tenor and alto duet.)
Eulogy to Our Deceased Brothers w..
D. Soils Cohen
"The Homeland" ..Quartet
Address Rev. W. S. Gilbert
Soprano solo "I Will Lay Me Down
in Peace".. Mrs. Ellen Kinsman Mann
Eulogy to Our Deceased Sisters of the
Degree of Honor
i Mrs. Kate J. Touna-Mlsener.
Duet "How Sweet the Name of
Jesus Sounds" Soprano and alto
Closing ode Choir
Benediction ...Rev. W. S. Gilbert
Soprano ...Mrs. Ellen Kinsman Mann
Mrs. Margaret Graham Smith
Tenor Mr. F. C. Streyffier
Bass Mr. Edward D. Allen
Chorus under direction of Mrs. Mann.
OFFICER ROWLEY :
The Assembly club ball at the Port
land hotel on Tuesday evening closed an
unusually gay season. Society waa out
in force, about 200 guests being present.
The large cafe was arranged for the
dancing, the music being rendered by
Parsons' orchestra. The halls leading
to the ballroom and supper-room . were
screened off from the main entrance by
palms and draperies and were decorated
with ferns and white lilies. Supper was
served to the guests at midnight, at
small tables In the grillroom.
It was one of the enjoyable occasions
of the season's assemblies. The patron
esses were Mrs. Allen Lewis, Mrs. R.
Koehler, Mrs. Zcra Snow and Miss Falling.
OfiytRetneniber the Poll Name M
xative JJromo Quinine JZ (yLj
A severe reprimand was the penalty
meted out today to Patrolman E. M.
Rowley; against whom cnarges of drunk
enness on duty were - preferred yester
day. The officer had a hearing before
unier Hunt ana commissioner Charles
F. Beebe, and stated that he had not
taken any . drinks while on duty, but
that he did take a few before going on
his beat yesterday morning. Patrolman
Rowley said that he had been up with
sick relatives at home for three consecu
tive days and nights,, was completely
worn out, and had to take some stimu
lant to keep him from breaking ' down
completely. - . . , ,
"Suppose yoa don't
enter ttaU contest, and
. when yon see published
tbt winner numner snd
discover tbst your num
ber wss tco Dearer the
rifbt one, bow would
, And '
Grows the FREE PlXNO
t Contest. ;
, WARNING! '
Contestants MUST comply with condi
tions. Scores of numbers wltbnnt tbe
full addren of the sender are being re-,
"eelted. THB8H WILL NOT BE REG18-
TEKtD. If you fsll to receive a csrd
from ns atatlng tbst your number bss
: been registered,, send it la sgiln.
. Erefy plsno bss a number the same
as every wstcb bss. Your old organ or
plane bss a number. If It's an organ
you-win And tbe number In or on Its
back. If H is a square piano lift the
whole lid and hunt around and under the
. strings, and tbe number will readily
be found. Put tbe number and nsme of
your old Instrument on a card and null
' or bring it to our store. In our east
window we have placed a new i.W up
bright plsno. We have pasted' a slip ot
. paper over Its number. On April 10 we
will remove the slip nd tbe owner of
tbe piano or organ bearing the number
nearest t that of the new upright can
trade the old one for tbe brand sew
one without one dollar of additional
cost, no matter bow old or dilapidated !
the instrument turned la may, be. Should
the winning number be entered by more
than one contestant, the tnt one enter
ing the contest will be declared the
winner. It eosta. nothing to enter, so
look up the number of your old piano or
organ and brine or send It In. .
Please . state in which paper yon stw '
this "d . r
ih I GiM-llailier (o.
Oldest, Largest, Strongest,
COR. SIXTH AND MORRISON STS.
On Easy Weekly or Monthly Payments at
Hat proven a double aueeesa. To you it means that by the aid of
our liberal credit system, we enable you to wear a diamond 'or .
Watch AND WEAR IT WHILE : SAVING FOR IT. No matter how
email your Income, your reputation for honesty ls the only seourity we
require. . - jyvV''.:'C,-";' v:' uVr vv,,'' "I
To ue It haa proven a aueeeasful device of disposing of our tre
mendoue stock of unredeemed pledges, aa well ae new etock, which ao-"
cumulatee from time to time. T tl-
I ' ' ' - -
Remember no extra charge for credit accommodations No ember,
raasing conditions Your take your purchase when
making firat payment. . ,
The Portland Loan Office
DAN MARX, Proprietor 74 THIRD ST.' - 1
mrw ICE MB eh or STATS CObOCXS-
SXOV 07 THB 1908 TAX 18 SWOBX
XV WAS OVB Or TKS TEW WHO
STJBTTTX9 TBX XSPFBXX rXOOO
or iat ran.
BOARD OF TRADE :
CHANGES ITS COURSE
At a meeting of representatives of
the chamber of commerce, the Manu
facturers' association and the board of
trade yesterday afternoon, It was de
cided that the endorsement of the in
terstate commerce commission by the
board of trade would be revoked, and
that it wpuld unite with the other com
mercial organisations of the city in ask
ing that a member of this commission
be appointed from the Pacific coast
TAXS AJMtXYZ. OH TZSCB.
Trains Into Portland over the North'
era Pacific and the Southern Paclflo are
on time today. The tracks of the former
In the Dakotas are free from snow and
through the Bleklyous and Cow creek
canyon, on the Southern pacific, no more
slides are anticipated.
George Conger, who was appointed a
member of the Lewis and Clark state
exposition commission in the place of
C B. Wade, by Governor Chamberlain,
arrived in the city this morning and the
oath of office was administered to him.
Me i cashier of the First National
bank of Heppner. Or. He Is a native
son, having been born at Jefferson, Ma
rlon county, but went to eastern Oregon
over zu years ago.
C. B. Wade, the Pendleton banker,
tendered his1 resignation aa a member
of this commission before leaving. It
waa accepted by Governor "Chamberlain,
and Mr. Conser was appointed to fill the
"Heppner Is recovering from the ef
fects of the disaster ot last June," said
Mr. Conser, "and It being rebuilt more
substantially than before the flood. The
main business part of the town Is on
higher ground than it formerly occu
pied, and many of the dwellings were re
built' further back on the hill, Those
that were not destroyed beyond repair
are In much the same position, though
many were moved some distance by the
rush of water. My own place was car
ried some distance. Mrs. Conser and
myself were In the house at the time.
We . had no hope of escaping. We
thought the house would go to pieces
or else the water would cover it, but
neither happened, and we are of the
few who escaped."
. A patriotic entertainment L. will be
given Monday evening at the Taylor
street M. E. church, consisting of illus
trated songs, moving pictures, colored
stereoptlcon views and other features.
This entertainment is the same aa waa
given a year ago by Messrs. Steel and
Free land, which at that time was re
peated a second time to accommodate
those who failed to secure admission on
the first evening.
HELPS THE DALLES
(Journal Speelal Service.) ,
The Dalles, Or., Feb. .20. The Wasco
Warehouse Milling ' company has de
cided to Increase the capacity of Its
flourina mill In this city, and haa deter
mined to 'double the capacity of the
plant The contract waa let for the
necessary machinery to the Barnard
Manufacturing company of Mollne, 111.
The present capacity of the mill Is 760
barrels dally, and when the new ma
chinery Is put to use will be 1,400
barrels. This means the consumption of
about 7,000 bushels of wheat a day or
about 2,000,000 bushels a year. . The
mill Is among the best in the state and
when the capacity la doubled, will be
among the largest It Is expected to
be ready to handle the 1(04 crop.
This morning William Gleason, who
waa found guilty of assault with a dead
ly weapon at the term of court Just
closed, appeared before Juria-e Brad-
shaw and was .fined $400. The money
was paid at once. Gleason aaid the halt
hour lecture by Judge Bradshsw was
a worse punishment than the fine.
The preliminary hearing of Williams,
who is charged with murder, will be
given Monday mornlnr. having been
pditponed from , Friday, , the time flrat
set, as the attorney for the defense,
Henry McGinn of Portland, could not
reach this city Friday. , '
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Orpheus Lodge, No. St, Knlghta of
Pythias, met Thursday evening in their
hall, 1H Grand avenue, to celebrate
the fortieth anniversary of the founding
of the Pythian order. F. F. Janke, chan
cellor commander, presided, and wel
comed a large delegation of visitors
from Vancouver. Mayor Dlmick of Ore
gon City was present and made 4 short
address. George Cameron and others
made brief speeches. . ' f .
The membership of the Portland
lodges of Knights of Pythias la rapidly
mOW TXAJf BTZB surds' ' " '
Jeeauae ef Improved facilities, Superior
Irurtructlon In spelling, grammar, writ
t&C arithmetic, correspondence. oom
martial " law. bookkeeping, 1 business
forma, eborthand, , typewriting, offloa
work,, eta . Hundrede of our graduetea
are new la business for themselvea, of
at work for others aa beokksmsn iM
stenographers thousands more will ba. .
Open all the year. - Students admitted
ear time. Catalogue free,
PORTLAND BUSINESS COLLEGE
AK AMD WASBXSOTOV.
9i ABXSTBOffO, U. B rrUerpaii
' F&OMTHE ., '
Are thoroughly prepared In the short!.
nrtNklhlA times flArtBlaitanl- walt K rmA
and. at the least possible expense to fill
positions an A '
' " - 4,I.Uil, UW1H1 Ml,
Commercial I.iw fnrrwnnni1nr Arith
metic. Business Forms, J Shorthand.
Typewriting, etc. ' j .'
open ail the year.'? Free catalogue.
Holmes Business College
Yamhill and Eleventh Streets.
increasing. There era now about 1,000
namea 6n the roll. There will crobablv
be an Initiation of several hundred can
didates during the summer. The order
of Knights of Pythias haa how a mem
bership of about 600,000. ,
A aiTABAHTBED OTJXB rOB FIXES.
' Itehlns. Blind. Bleerilnv nr Prntrarfin piu.
Tone drue-elst will refund money If f'AZO OINT-
(ana io cure you in a to asys. BOc.
w.newf ln d0,i5t whe? Y3V ttinl tho Behnke-Walker Business Col
Pacific Northwest he D108t",loroul,l': e(ulPPed Business College In the
BOOanCBBrXBO, SHOBTBABD, TELEOBAPHT, EBOIUSH, OEBMAN.
We aecure posltiona for all our graduatea. j Send 'for catalogue.
Behnke-Walker Business 'College
' Sixth and Morrison Streets, Opposite Vostoffloe.
j. f... .
s v , r
' i ' "
f . DR. W. A. WISE.
Dr. W. A. Wise has practiced dentistry in
.Oregon far 17 years. His advancement in the
profession has been ateady, and he is now a
member of the 8tate Board of Dental Exam
triers. He la well known in the Willamette
Valley and at Tillamook.
"' - .3 ,
Every one of you know that the secret of your auecess and happy life la in preserving the charms you already
possess or by artificial means give yourself charms possessed by others.
. i.W? oan transform ii bad set of teeth, decayed, wide teeth, crooked teeth, deformed teeth of all kinds Intd a
beautiful artifioial one, defying detection from your frienda, Men are attracted and held 'by pretty faces, (beautiful
mouth and teeth help wonderfully to beautifly the faoe) and ahe is a wiae woman who atrivea by every means to pre
serve or rottora these blessings. We offer you our assistance If your teeth need attention and give you every atsur
anoe that whatever we do will be the best, and the charges tho most reasonable. We do all classes of the dental
work, using nothing but the best material, by the best workmen, with tha latest dental appliances. Our offices are
iwtiTt' t.mod"r" on p"fi 00V1V W d0 work for hi,drn and often If brought to ua early in childhood we can
void bad or d"rmed teeth. Work for men a specialty. We can beautify them.
Our Teeth make beautiful faces. 7
Our Teeth cause sweet breath.
Our Teeth produce health.
Our Teeth are high-grade.
Our Teeth last a lifetime.
Our Teeth are perfect in Imitation.
Our Teeth beautify appearance of mouth.
Cor; Third and Washington Streets, The Falling; Blig., Second Plqor.
Phone Main 2029. '
v I -?! I:
T v, ,
DR. T. P. WISb. . .
. Dr. T, P. Wise is a graduate of the dental de
partment of the Northwestern University, Chi
cago. He haa been In active practive for, aeven
yeara, and eame to Oregon about four yaara ago.
He praoticed his profeeslon at Tillamook for
about twelve . monthe, and haa been practicing
in Portland aince. "
OUR HOBBIES :
The Journal SSiSsT
' : -. ' : 1 - - - ; - - . . r