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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 21, 1904)
Pa e : Jib .: J e ra al
THURSDAY, JANUARY 21. 1904
TH E OREGON DAI IY
- ' AN
C f. JACKSON
Publish every evening (except Sunday) at The Journal Building, , Fifth
MAKE THE LICENSE
OALOON LICENSES In Portland
5 -m low, uence WD uavc rum iw
f i" proportion to tne popuiaupn,
I f the lowest grade and too.few that are able to confine
- themselves to the legitimate branches of the business.
,$The natural outcome Is an extent and variety of brazen
vlce that is simply appalling in a community which iri so
Imany respects has reached such high moral levels. The
: larger the number of saloons and the more disreputable
I their character the greater their charge upon the corn
s' munlty, for It is through them that police occupation
chiefly comes."' ,
AH-nlght saloons furnish resorts, or hang-outs, as they
; litre called, for the disreputable elements who operate after
the hours a of darkness. They Bhould, not therefore be
f lightly encouraged. But the police say they cannot hold
the saloons as they exist to the closing hour and they are
5 about ready to give up the Job as a hopeless task. This
'f is a sorry confession to make and It is a reflection Upon
the whole police department that it is made. But It is
j" taken by the council as a good excuse for the licensing of
J, the all-night saloon on the theory that what cannot be
I "helped must be borne, and as the only feasible way out
i of the difficulty Is to license and regulate the municipality
' Is entitled to some additional revenue. .
i j" A bill has been introduced Into the city council t raise
. the license fees of all-night saloons from $400 a year to
k ISOO- and this ordinance haa been referred to an appro
" prlate committee. The Journal wishes again to enter lta
f solemn protest against placing the license so low. The
I license fee In this city, without reference to whether It
was Intended to cover all-night saloons,' should tioThave
been Jess than f 1,000. ;; ttl should have been thus fixed in
, order to raise the existing standards of the ealoons and to
aid In weeding out some of the most disreputable which
4, now cause the police so much annoyance and which are
breeding spots for crime. But that not having been done
I the next best thing should be done and the license fee
for all-night saloons should be fixed at 41,000 a year. If
h the city Is to assume the, additional responsibility, then
those who profit by It should be forced , to pay for the
i ; privilege. Anything less than this should arouse a storm
v of indignant protest and lead to such an agitation as will
v bring about the strict enforcement of the law providing
V for the closing of all saloons at 1 a. m.
MAKING THE THEATRES
FTER READING the report of
investigate the safety of the
big buildings of the city, one
v why these conditions have so long 'been permitted to
1 exist unchallenged. It would appear that .the laws now
I on the statute1 books have never been enforced, which It
t precisely the fatal fault now laid at the doors of the Chi
I cago authorltlealThe- Iroquois, theaff a Are. precipitated
(" the deadliest holocaust known to the theatre history of
; the world, first," because those charged with the enforce
ment of the law failed to do their duty, and second, be
! cause the responsible managers failed to do theirs, ,s These
' latter? were dedellct because they s talled to have re
sponsible men front and back of the house during the per
formances and "because the; men under; them were not
; trained for such emergencies and therefore were not com
petent to handle the materials placed at their disposal, -
Kut m any event it is onijrrignt to sk mat tne ineatre
managers do everything In their power to place the thea
tres in a reasonable .condition of safety. This demand
should be enforced with the authority of the city. What
la obviously impossible should not be demanded; neither
should there be any unreasonable demands made. The
theatre managers owe It to themselves to make conditions
: reasonably safe within their walls and to exercise such
personal supervision as will mlmimize the danger from
accidents. Nothing less than this, on the other hand,
should be tolerated. Then the matter should not be at
j lowed to drop. A reasonable and permanent general su
: pervlslon should be exercised to prevent any -relapse Into
, slipshod or careless methods. : t ', ; ... "'. ';.;''
In this way, with reason on both sides and a proper
; appreciation of the difficulties confronting the managers,
much good will be done and. the effect of It will be' per-
manent Instead of spasmodic and therefore of lasting con
5 sequence .
SHALL THE FAIR BE CLOSED ON SUNDAYS?
i TT T TjTH PERFECT RESPECT for the opinions of
!' VV the Ministerial association, is -It-not-barely
! possible that there are two sides to this ques-
tion of Sunday closing at the Lewis and Clark fair? So
far as the simple morality of the question Is -concerned
... The Journal yields to none in the deflniteness .of Its views.
It will go even further and say that it Is not in the least
affected by the business feature of Sunday closing and the
possibility that that might lead to a deficit at the end of
theseasonT In all of this The Journal Is not In' the least
, concerned, but it is profoundly Interested in the fair as
an uplifting educative Influence. ' ' '
We have looked to the fair to raise the artistic stand
I ards, to expand the minds and to broaden the understand
. ing and knowledge of all the people who attend It. To
thousands who are pursuing some specialty, who are inter
x ested in some branch of science, art, literature, history or
mechanics,, here will be afforded an opportunity at slight
; cost and under the most favorable auspices to acquire
4 first hand Information from the very cream of the world's
v product. It is an opportunity which many will be dls-
3 posed to seize with avidity. One visit
visits will not satisfy such as these.
people who cannot afford to indulge
Those who can afford them are little concerned directly,
5 for they may follow them up anywhere at any time or
even buy those things which their tastes
But if the fair Is closed on Sundays
t those The Journal Is chiefly concerned
; lose a day's work every day they attend. To many peo
pie the loss of a ulngle day's pay definitely contracts a
; month's Income.. In addition to that
tendant expenses, for it will cont something to go to the
fair in addition to the admission price.
Oeorg W. Bmalley. in London Tlmen.
Even among- his chosen aMaociutcH. on
Mh own around. dlocunHins mutter lie
really cared for. he was aubject to moods
ot irritability, due to an impaired ner
vous system. Argue he would. Contro
versy was Inevitable, since he was In
capable of suppressing , hla opinions
when high matters were talked of; in
capable of compromise on any matter
Concerning which he bad a conviction
(and there were few. Indeed, on which
he had none), and Incapable of alienee
in. f asenee of error. Intellectually, he
was the most implacable of men. It
wm a difficult for him to conform in
arnall. things s ,tn great i nothing wa
mail to him. If. It Involved, no matter
how . remotely, a principle. He would
sot attend Darwin's funeral In West-
INDEPENDENT' NEW8PAPER '
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL' PUBLISHING CO.
OFFICIAL, PAPER OP .THB. CITY OP
of family will wish to take yielr wives and children. Add
all of these expenses to the loss of wages and the sum
total is quite respectable in amount and cannot be spent
many times during the progress of the fair.. It is for
are altogether too
these people that The Journal appeals. r
Many of them are sustaining members of the churches.
ueciaeaiy iw wbiij
They will regard the
extension of the education of themselves and their fam
ilies. Suppose they had a chance to visit the fair during
Sundays will they be benefited or harmed by it? Will
the cause of ; morality or religion be strengthened or
lowered by If t - ' , , r
We permit in this town open saloons during all hours
of Sunday. The veriest dives are running In full blast at
all hours. We do not, desire to Justify one wrong by an
other, but surely where this la permissible and even auth
orized, by law we should be slow in . closing legitimate
avenues of pleasure, education and character building
such as the fair will prove ' to ' be. - Rather should we
strive to offset one with the other and by making what is
moral attractive and placing It easily within the reach of
those who have few pleasures, gradually uproot the evil
and thus add strength, tone and assertlvenesa to the moral
fibre of the whole community.
those things which
has held the office
those things which
self and nothing that
the stage and the limelight" which goes with It. " ' '
He has now one of those rare Opportunities which am
bitious and forehanded public , officials never fall to
seise and make the most of. He starts in by closing up a
gambling house because Its proprietor fails to turn over
money lost by a poor
stincts of her husband. He swears that he will stand by
his guns until his terms are complied with.- These are
that the money be turned oyer to the woman. Whether in
addition he 'will demand the withdrawal of the opproblous
epithet so enthusiastically hurled at him by the boss
gambler does not yet appear.
But suppose that the terms are complied with and the
gambling house reopens, what is to prevent the Very same
thing happening again any day or night, as it has so fre
quently happened before without exciting the hot Indigna
tion of the district attorney or any other public official?
Will he in this one battle exhaust all his energy or has
he enlisted for the campaign?
the commission to
theatres and other
la tempted to ask
of the world are upon him and his fellow citizens are
throbbing with feverish Interest. At this crucial moment
will he get cold feet or will he, now that he is master of
the situation, exercise - his high prerogatives and play
the game to the limit,' as he intimated yesterday he would
do? The initiative is with him, as he confesses. If it is,
what more does he want?
Go to jit'Mr. Mannlng.and let the world see the, fur
fly! Hit only the high places and give us an object lesson
of what a real live publfo offloial. with, a proper appre
ciation' of his obligations, : can do V when , his i dander ' Is
really up and the issue is whether the law breakers or the
law shall rule this town.. " '. V "
fire losses here, both relatively as compared with our
neighbors and absolutely as compared with , ourselves.
Mueh of what they say will be admitted without argument,
but with a great sum of money being spent for a flreboat
and to, place a full paid fire department on a footing of
efficiency it is only reasonable to demand that decent con
cessions be made to these increased facilities.
Even under the existing conditions, the residence rate
! too high.' There should be an immediate and decided
drop there without further discussion. Then the other
rates should be taken up on their merits and that to which
the city la Justly entitled should be promptly conceded
without waste of words or loss of. timei... u -.
BRYAN'S NUMEROUS FAILURES.
.,, .-. . , ..... From the Oregonlan. ' . "
"Portland,, Jan. 18. To the Editor.-In the Oregonlan
of Wednesday, the 18th inst., you refer to W. J. Bryan
as ."the unsuccessful lawyer." When he was running in
1900 .you informed the public that he was a corporation
attorney. In these days corporations know better than
to hire. Incompetent lawyers. Then why hire W. J. Bryan?
I also readJhTeamesuepyoujrjape!Lthathe n
unsuccessful farmer. How can that be when In 1900 your
paper represented the crop harvested off his little farm In
Nebraska as so enormous that we ignoramuses out in the
West imagined he wouldlat once form a grain trust, beside
which all other trusts .would sink Into Insignificance? Per
haps -the soil of Nebraska' has ceased to yield. An ex
planation of these seemingly inharmonious statements
would greatly oblige A SUBSCRIBER."
"The Oregonlan did - not include Mr. Bryan's farming
among his failures, but the truth is that he bought his
farm and built his fine house and barn with money made
In poHt!cs---money he could not make in any. productive In
dustry. He-has never been .taken seriously as a lawyer,
farmer or editor, His occupation is politics.
or two or a dozen
Many of them are
In many luxuries.
And While these
order what, it may
Oregonlan critic? Is
politics? If allusion
people such as
In will be obliged to
Oregonkin, has he
politics or a profound and monumental failure? ,
It Is well enough
Ion will be the at
thing to be envious,
time so bigoted that
Besides this men
doesn't wear the freely exposed Oregonlan brand.
minuter abbey because he felt himself
unable to appear to acquiesce In the
act of reverence or even of civility
which the occasion demanded. Huxley,
a much broader type of man, had no
temple in going and In adjusting his
behavior to the ecclesiastical circum
stances amid which he found JilmaeU.
bpencer rebuked him" as a backslider
from the true faith of the agnostic
a contradiction in terms, but a conven
ient one and Huxley endured 'the re
buke smilingly, as he did many others
from the same source. He loved Bpen
cer, whose philosophy he nevertheless
totally rejected, and he knew that a
discussion would cost his friend a night's
sleep which the semblance of a tri
umph might assure to him. Tyndall,
In a similar plight, had leas control
over himself than .Huxley; the ..Irish
blood In him ran toe hot and strong In
J OURNA L,
JNO. P. CARROU.
and Yamhill streets, Portland. . Oregon.
fair as a great opportunity for the
ISTRICT .ATTORNEY JOHN. MANNING is rather
too modest and "retiring in his disposition. Ho
seems to shrink from publicity or ' the doing of
lead to self advertisement. Since he
of district attorney he has done few of
would attract public attention to him
would entitle him to the centre of
woman through the high rolling in
The district attorney has made a good start. The eyes
LOWER THE INSURANCE RATES. '
HE AGITATION for lower Insurance rates Is here. to
stay until relief has been granted. It is alt well
enough for the Insurance men to point to the heavy
questions and so-called answers are In
be asked, is the occupation of Bryan's
It any better or any higher than
be made to .the chief editor of the
been a glittering success In the field of
to be critical but it is quite another
captious and abusive and at the same
no good can be seen in anything that
his veins; the' shlllelah lay ever ready
Astor Chanler. . who was, sent to con
gress by Richard Croker. He has en
gaged a whole floor at an Albany hotel
for use during the legislative session.
TALK AMOVT; A CHXX.&1
. - .. From the Washington' Post.
, Col. "Jim Ham" Lewis, sow of Chi
cago, where tbe soot has turned the pink
of his whiskers to a near Titian, met
Perry Heath In the lobby .of the Wlllard
hotel on Tuesday evening. WJth that
grateful and airy persiflage for which
the colonel is famous he stretched out
both hands and said, "Hello, you rascal!
Not content with looking daggers at
rJIm Ham," Heath ? looked cutlasses,
cleavers, broadswords, buss-sawa and
battle-axes, and the temperature fell so
rapidly that the onyx pillars cracked.
oood jixdicutb aro yrssnasit
What-This Country Xs Doing Courage
.-- From the Wall Street Journal. '
,1" Good, medicine for a severe attack of
pessimism was the addreus delivered
last evening- at Rochester by O. P. Aus
tin, chief of the bureau of statistics at
Washington. His - statement ' that the
entire daternatlonal commerce of all the
countries of the world aggregated in
1903 122.400,000,000, and that the in
land trade of the United States a:one in
the same year amounted to 922,000,000,
000, Is exceedingly suggestive and won
derfully y cheering. Moreover, nearly
one-eighth of the- entire . international
commerce of tbe world Is carried on by
the . United States. ':' v .? -v'- ': a
" Mr. Austin shows that since 1670 the
exports of France have increased 60 per
cent, those , of England 46 ; per cent,
those of Germany UO per cent, , and
those of the United States stood at the
bottom of the list. ? t Today she stands
at the head. We produce more wheat
than any other nation, and three-fourths
of the corn of the world. 'we furnish
40 per cent of the meat which jBnters
into international commerce, We pro
duce three-fourths of the cotton of the
world. Our coat area equals that of alt
Europs, and our production exceeds that
of any other nation. We produce more
petroleum for use in. lighting than any
other country,-and have sold during the
past decade $500,000,000" of It to the
rest of the world. Even in manufac
tures the United States is the world's
largest producer. ' r
It Is true that these statistics relate
to the past and the present, . but ; they
are a guarantee for the future. - No one,
we feel sure, .will claim that this coun
try is in a decadent condition, and, hav
ing reached its aenlth, is now to begin
on the downward path. '.pn the con
trary, there Is every evidence of growth.
Our capacity for expansion - Is still
enormous. We have not yet developed
our resources to the fullest extent,' and
there is every reason to believe that
both in inland trade and foreign com-'
merce we shall go on from one Conquest
to another., oc' - J
This, being the case,; there seems to
be every reason for courage on the part
of our industrial leaders. Every great
corporation whose managers are im
pressed with the belief that this coun
try is to continue to Increase in popu
lation, in trade and In wealth, is Justi
fied In building largely foe the future,
Just as the Pennsylvania railroad, has
done in preparing to expend millions
of dollars in new terminals and facili
ties. The keynote of the situation,
therefore. Is courage. . Unless the heart
ot our so-called captains of Industry
fall them, there is no reason to regard
the future with apprehension.. And it
may be said that if they faint by the
wayside, there are Others bold enough
to spring into their places and take the
A XSKZTAOE OT XATsUEO.
Japan's Long Walt for Its Xerenge on
China. ' '' "' '
From the Kansas City Star. '
The Chinese-Japanese war In 1894 was
the culmination of 800 years of sup
pressed Indignation In Japan. It was an
outcome of a heritage of hatred which
had its tap roots In, the remote past
Since 1672 Japan has held a certain su
seralnty in Korea, although China has
at times claimed the king of Korea as a
vassal when it was to China's Interest
to be Interested in the -affairs of the
hermit nation. In 1692 a.Japanese expe
dition landed In Korea to punish that
country for a failure to recognize the
Japanese suzerainty ' China supported
Korea and the Japanese devastated the
Korean peninsula, Since that time Japan
has waited with oriental patience for a
chance to be revenged on China. Korea
has worked to be free from both : Japan
and China. Russia, as an active factor
In the Korean question, did not appear
in the matter until about SO years ago.
The immediate cause of the JaDanese-
Chinese struggle in 1S94 was a disagree
ment between China and Japan about
sending troops to Korea to suppress dls
orders. Both China and Japan sent
troops to Seoul. The Korean difficulty
was settled - immediately, but neither
China nor .Japan removed its troops.
Japan accused Korea at this Juncture of
aldlrur the Chinese, China started more
troops (owara Korea. japan notinea
China that the sending ot more Chinese
troops to Korea would be considered an
act of war. Li Hung Chang dispatched
soldiers in a British vessel and Japan
sent a warship to intercept them. The
two vessels met In the open sea and the
Japanese commander ordered the Chinese
soldiers to return. The Chinese vessel
continued on Its way. and was fired upon.'
The war was- a Japa nese procession in
four relays Asan, Ping Tan, Yam and
Port Arthur, Japan was victorious on
land and sea.
At the close of the war Japan secured
Port Arthur and a large part of the
coast line of northern China. The re
venge that had been waiting. 900 years
seemed complete.! Termor for the ex
pansion of Japan had been secured, and
the power' of China was at the disposal
ot the energy of Japan. - Then came a
diplomatic cataclysm that left Japan
high and dry and raging against Russia."
After the mikado s forces had occupied
Manchurlt,4wo days Russia, France and
Gerfnany forced the abandonment of all
the territory on the mainland, and Japan
saw the fruits of its successful war and
years of preparation lost through the
cupidity of the ctar. Since that time
the hatred of Japan has been turned
from Korea and China to Russia. From
the lowest coolie to the members of the
mikado's cabinet every one in Japan is
waiting for the moment to strike.
WOT nrtXBTDES ron KXJC
' From the Washington Post. ;
On the nicest stationery the speaker
of the house has at his command, Mr.
Cannon yesterday , indited a note to
Senator Frye, presiding officer of the
senate. Hardly less interesting than
the note Itself was its inclosure.v
Out in Missouri In the town of New
ark resides one J. C. Speer. He has a
penchant for drawing In vivid colors and
every few months fashions some luaic
rous cartoons, which are mailed to prom
inent men 'in congress. Speaker Can
non received one of these, depleting a
friaky Republican elephant, running on
a big book, labeled "Code, vol. I., U.
Expansion, and resting on a canoe,
sailing In troubled waters.
"O. God," . read the superscription.
"let not the code fall overboard.
" There was a letter from the peculiar
cartoonist. - " 'Spirituous Noah,' " said
the letter, "would like for you old gov
ernmental prophets up in W. D. C. to
Inform me - who is going to be vice
president in 1904 of the United States
, 8peakec Cannon hesitated not a mln
ute on such an Inquiry. He took down
the most ornate stationery allowed to
his high office. "This evidently beldngs
to your end of the capitol." he wrote
diplomatically. "Opened here by nils
From the New Orleans Times-Democrat.
He who complains that the woman of.
hla choice misunderstand htm. would
better be Content. In the long run he
gains by her - lack of comprehension
Few men can bear being continuously
understood. , '
wiu bb ax elbctxic makvxx.
If fw . Tork Times' ' Hew Home Steam
Will Be Unknown Quantity.
New .Tork Correspondence Philadelphia
. , : Ledger. ; . ''
X The Times building, " when finished,
will be an electrical marvel. It will be
a show place for ( electricians. ' It ;wlll
combine a greater number and a greater
variety of uses for electricity than any
other structure. . -.:;
' Steam will be an unknown quantity In
the building for the greater part of the
year, as It will be used only for heating
purposes, and at a pressure of less than
Ave pounds. The dust brush and the
traditional broom of the office sweeper
will be i banished. New ideas new
methods "will , prevail. '
The Times has contracted with the
New Tork Edison company for a six
year service, upon the stipulation) that
there would be Independent connections
with three supply stations of the Edison
company. . - , -
The outside electrical supply wdll' fur
nish power for 109 motors, rated at 9O0
horse-power, light for 4,000 Incandescent
lamps. IS aro lights. . one searchlight,
signs, - bulletins, Cooper-Hewitt , lamps
and for many novelties, aggregating the
use of current amounting to more than
400.000 kilowatt hours per annum,- .;
'. s'Ths uses to which electricity will be
put for newspaper purposes and for the
needs or tenants may be enumerated as
follows: - - . '
111 motors Four Hoe octuple presses;
! press, Job; 1 press, electric proof; I
Kohler safety devices - for -controlling
press movements; I auto-plates, turning
out 8 stereo plates a minute; 38 lino
types; pumps, house; 3 pumps, sewage;
1 pump, air compression, for pneumatlo
tubes; 1 pump, air vacuum, for cleaning
carpets and offices; 1 pump, ink; 1 paper
conveyor,, for- carrying ' printed papers
from presses to delivery room! 7 eleva
tors,, passenger and lift; 4 Leonard sys
tem of control for elevators; 1- galley
lift; 8 trolley hoists for paper rolls; 8
fans for metal pots and ventilating press
room; 6 gymnasium; : 1 machine shop
lathe; ! machine shop- planer; 1 stereo
molding machine; 1 stereo tall cutter,
round; 1 stereo shaver, round; 1 stereo
router; 1 stereo shaver, flat; 1 stereo
trimmer, flat; 1 stereo saw; 1 stereo
Jig and drill machine; 8 refrigeration.
Light 4.000 incandescent, 16 arc
Cooper-Hewitt tamps, search. Signs; bul
letin service, elevator flash, cigar light-!
ers, carriage call. ; . j
Heat Stereo matrix; restaurant. In
cluding plate warmers. Coffee urns, tea
kettles, egg broilers, griddles, self -1
dumping oyster cooker for stews, toast-,
era; stereo pastepot; soldering Irons,
hair curler for ladles' toilet, heating
pads, heating tailors' Irons.
Dental Mallet, gold annealer, steril
izer, dental engine, mouth lamp, porce
lain baking furnace, reflector for word
ing on aara aays, . jv-ray apparatus,
cautery,- - - v
Miscellaneous Time - clock . connec
tion,' fire-alarm connection, telegraph
connection, telephone connection, messenger-call
connection, office-call connec
Blectrio novelties will be found in un
looked-for places. The presses will be
equipped with Kohler system of con
trol, which permits of a movement deli
cate enough to turn the printing cylin
der one eighth of an Inch a second, or
at a speed of four revolutions a second.
The automatio control and stoppage of
machinery extends through the presses,
auto-plates, house pumps, sewage pumps,
air vacuum pumps and the air compres
sion pumps, in order that current may
not be wasted. , f':, -:-'"
The plaza north of the Times building
extends for a distance of 1,000 feet to
Forty-sixth street. The suggestion haa
been made for the erection of an Im
mense sign above the sixteenth floor,
which shall give carralge calls for the
17 theatres in that vicinity to carriages
waiting in this large area. For instance.
the number 6 2 I M would be a call from
the Metropolitan Opera- house; 6 4 2 E
would summon a carriage to the Empire;
4 2 7 B would mean the Belasco theatre,
and 8 1 8 N would give notice from the
New Amsterdam. In this way carriages
for all theatres would have an ample
space, the. plaza would become the real
center-of midnight activity and would
reduce the Inconvenience now caused by
blocks and de&ys such as occur on opera
IXIVOVI XV OsTO. '
W. N. Nesblt in Chicago Tribune.
"Sufficient unto tbe day is the evil
thereof." Matthew vil: 84.
Some of us never seem to learn '
- To take our troubles as they come.
To meet each worry In its turn-
.We look ahead and borrow, soma
Just when the rose Is Tuddlest
We grieve because it. will not stay
Our hands upon the thorns are pressed;
We make tomorrow of today.
Some people that is, you and I
Hush half the laughter on their lips,
Send It a-scurry with a sigh;
Or stale the wine another sips,
By brooding of some fancied grief
That may await us on the way.
To his own gladness each plays thief
, He makes tomorrow of today.
We trade the gold of one day's Joy .
For dross of doubt and discontent '
The fine gold we dull with alloy
-Ot baser metals, meanly blent" "T
And yet tomorrow never shows
A dawn so dark or noon so gray
As drawn by one whose borrowed woes
Have' made tomorrow ot today.
'Tie best to think each day Is made '
With all the goodness it shall hold.
With all the sunshine and the shade,
i And some small sorrow to enfeld,
Then wafted from the Master's hand, '
Where all of the tomorrows stay .
But still we cannot understand;
We make tomorrow of today. '-';
. OOKBOsT'S TXXBtTTB TO TALOB.
From address of General Gordon, de
livered at New Orleans reunion ot
United Confederate Veterans
Last May. .v--'
We have long since drawn the curtain
of oblivion over the -regrettable and un
seemly things of the past; and we cher
ish, as Americans, the valor and nobler
deeds of both armies, and of all sec
Hons. We of the South are satisfied
with our own record, and the power
that would attempt to make us blush
for it would be both stupid and blind:
We are heirs. Joint heirs with the Re
public's children, In the Inheritance of
freedom left by our sires. We are
proud of all the past; and, although we
are now facing a future pregnant with
tremendous possibilities, yet we face It
with a strength of hope and assurance
born of an unswerving purpose to dis
cbarge our every' duty to all races and
to the whole country. We are growing
old, but we still stand firmly on a nar
row strip of land which separates us
from a boundless ocean of eternity.
And as we go hence we will calmly drop
our mantles on the shoulders of out
boys, who will worthily wear them, and
in no crisis of the Republic, whether la
forum or field, will they be found wanting-
- i '
. Worse on the Man, ' .
From the Atchison Globe.
When a woman has been told that she
is a brilliant . conversationalist, a man
khas to work twice as hard to get a
wora in. i
Pekta's Undreamed Of Splendors Reveal: J by. the
Boxer Revolt ; vn
Eliza It. Scldmore's Pekln, Letter In
'--' Chicago Tribune. V"
The Kremeat" sightseeing ot 10 cen
turies was to be -enjoyed in 1800 when,
With the relief of the besieged legations,
the foreign troops battered In the palace
gates,' threw every portal wide open,
used the broken doors for bivouac fires,
and let light in upon undreamed . of
splendors. It was the open door in
China with a vengeance. Pekln wide
open . most . literally. A whole -, ' new
school of : architecture and decorative
art was revealed for practically the first
time and in all Hs'purlty. But the fact
was little exploited; one could find little
In the correspondence about the actual
structures, ; their scheme of decoration
All that came out of Pekln were tales
of loot, and. .horrors, and even the sur
vivors of the siege were indefinite about
the actual palace Interior. To be made
a target for Chinese shot and shell for
two months would deaden one's admira
tion for anything ; Chinese, and the
refugees chiefly remembered that grass
grew in. the courtyards. A dozen peo
ple told me of that grass,-some of them
added weeds and brambles, but none
hinted at tue imperial, yellow carpets
and the glorious, ceilings -of the audi
ence halls, nor of the dragon thrones
arm chairs writhing all over with
dragon of the finest carving! (t - .
One actual sightseer had gone up with
the relief force and passed back
through Japan, toward America, but a
court house full of lawyers could have
elicited little from him by eross-ques
tlonlng, save that same grass in the
courtyards, before he, too, would hark
back to loot and ihorrors. With the
menacing shadow ot the San Francisco
custom house Daiore htm, he offered hjjl
loot ror sale. saDie coats ne naa many,
ermjne cloaks as well, and rolls of silk,
also the fan, the shoes, and the pipe of
the empress dowager, and the gold hook
vonftntng her yellow bed curtains. S
many of these personal articles were
offered for sale in Yokohama by Ameri
cans about to face the customs officials
in San Francisco, that one lost faith In
them. So many gold hooks "pure gold,
so . soft you can bend It, seel"- were
bandied about, that it seemed a dormi
tory had been despoiled Instead of one
i When Fergusson and Paleologue had
to be brief and. vague concerning
Chinese architecture beyond temple con
structlons, and Owen Jones'' grammar
of ornament lacks the pages and pages
it migut contain of Chinese designs, the
opening of all the palace gates might
have been expected to reveal something
noteworthy. : ' .-..-.'
Chinese paintings, '-porcelains, and
bronzes have long declared to the world
the preeminence of the artists In -those
lines, and leadership in other thing
might have been argued from them. One
would have expected an army ot artists
ot Interior decorations to have hastened
here to study the Pekln palaces and
revel in a whole new school, a whole
world cf novel art ideas. But those
folk stsyed away, to go on designing
Louis XVI " bed cnambers,; copying
Trianon boudorsi Fontainebleau salons
and staircases Le that of Blols. ...
In Pekln the Germans put draftsmen
at work and made mechanical drawings,
ground plans and front elevations of the
palace lnclosures and structures, ' and
hundreds of photographs .were sent with
the official reports to Berlin, i A water
color artist from Munich worked Industri
ously In imperial demesnes for some
months, and returned to hold exhibition
In different cities and reap great profits
from his sales; ' - '
Tbe French engineers made maps and
plans and some drawings for official
record, and Colonel Marchand and Colonel
de Grandprey ot that corps, for their own
pleasure, gave all their spare time to
close and critlcal-etudy of Chinese con
structions and decorative motives. They
were easily the first connoisseurs and au
thorities among the allies In Pekln, ap
pealing always for aid and decisions to
Mgr. Favler and Chinese scholars and
artists. Colonel de Grandprey could tell
at a glance whether pavilion or Incense
burner, carved doorway, or tracerled
panel were of Ming or Mongol times, of
the period of Kankshl or the manner of
Klemung, and his months of serious
study, of investigation and comparison
made a great art museum in which his
confreres in the other corps and armies
walked blindfolded. . -,
To the Japanese, of course, these pal
aces and temples were a the temples and
ruins of Rome- and Athens; to Europeans
these great temples were but prototypes
of their own shrines, first models, which,
having borrowed, they Improved upon,
altered, and modified to thetr own cus
toms, taste and fancy. The Japanese had
photographs made under the direction, of
an Imperial architect, and studies in
water color completed the record of the
architecture, ornamental constructions,
and decorative art of China from the
time of Khublal Khan to date.
America made nothing of this great op
portunity. No - one in our contingent
seemed to be awake or altve to the op
portunlty.: A. young officer, a civil ap
pointee, but fresh from one of our large
universities, who had been' on duty In
HOW W02CXS HOyXJ BBE8S.
Mme. Calve, tbe famous singer, has
her own ideas about how women should
dress. 8a ys she in the Boston Post:
"My fevorHe dress is the red waist
coat and fawn-colored coat snd trousers
of the Parisian cab driver not for my
self, mind you, but for the driver. I
think it Is the most beautiful In thai
world. Many of the cabmen come from
Cevennes, and so do I. That may ac
count for it.
. !To. be well , dressed realty : well
dressed a woman should so dress that
she herself, and not her clothing, at
tract attention. A dress, with Its com
plementary adjuncts of hat, gloves and
umbrella, ia the. picture frame. The
woman is the picture, and if the frame
be too garish, or even, without exces
sive brightness In the coloring, too ob
trusive, it must of ' necessity, . in my
opinion, .be in bad taste, A woman
should . be , dressed so that her clothes
become a part of her, and she Should
choose them so that she forgets them
when she has them on. Nothing Is more
objectionable both to the wearer and her
friends than the self-consciousness of
clothing many women make apparent.
"No; let tnem devote as much atten
tion as they like to the choice, the cut
and the making of their dresses, but
when they are completed when, to re
sume our simile, the picture haa been
fiamed and varnished -clothes and
woman should be, as indivisible as were
the Centaurs, of whom no one could say
where, the horse began end where the
rider ended. . . - ' ' .
) "I think, too, that three women out
of four, pay far too much attention to
the fashions. ' Women who dress ac
cording to the fasu.on merely, anr With
out' the exercise of their own indi
viduality, must necessarily achieve un
satisfactory results. ,
"Fashion should be used ' as you
would . use a lorgnette in a theetre
that ia to say, when necessary only, and
nut all the time.
Pekln for months, went part way through
the- palace with our party one day. We
ourselvee grew embarrassed and ' quit
questioning as It became apparent that
the young man knew no more of, had no
more appreciation of or interest in the
great museum ot oriental art over which
his men were standing guard than if It
were a Kansas haystack. ,
-The chief of the American forces scoffed
at one visitor's enthusiasm.
"Bah! all plaster and gimcrack," said
General Chaffee. "Why, those columns
are nothing but three or four logs bound
together and plastered over. General
Wilson and I ran our penknives in three
iricue. . iiuwnnK uui piaster na gun
crack, some paint, and a little gliding!".
J. These were the ' lofty columns . sup
porting the roof of the great audience
halls, j columns : whose girth ', three men
could not spant with their extended arms,
dark red columns, over which writhed
colossal dragons picked out in gold.
"But , the ceilings', the ceilings t those
gold paneled ceilings; they are i worth
marching on foot from Teln Tsln V) see,"
exclaimed the enthusiast. . --:""
"Ceilings T roared General Chaffee. "I
did not look at them."
Kiir rnM ip. m m.i in tnAM ini.nn.
halls of the forbidden city and In the
temple around the lotus lake as splendid
and on greater scale. than those of Nlkko
temples, far surpassing all that Giullo
Romano and the early Romans did In
Italy. With the plafonds in the smaller
palaces, the pavilions and minor construc
tions in the western garden and the sum
mer palace, a' book ot ceiltngs might be
made that would cause some artists of
Interior decorations to wake up and throw
away- their time-worn European models,
to foresee the future fancy, the coming
school or decorative art. . ;
Out of the East cornea light Asia a
the mother of all religions Is as much
the mother of arts, . .. but our art in
structors will not go direct to original
sources, preferring It in European dilu
tion, modification, or translation. When
the French have again shown us the way
and made us sure of It, another branch
ot oriental art will have vogue in Amer
ica. vJjXW1,':,'', fy.l'ijM
No throne rooms in Europe that I can
recall equal In impressive splendor the
great audience halls In the old palace,
the forbidden city of Pekln, which re
main today practically as - they were
when Yunglo, the magnificent, the lux
ury loving genius of a Ming emperor,
bequeathed them to his successors.
These lofty halls with their richly pan
eled ceilings,- their painted beams, , and
intricate . bracketings are : lighted - en
tirely from - the eouth, the whole front
being composed of latticed and tracerled
doors that hinge open on occasion and
admit light to the last cosuel panel of
the dragon ceilings.
Tbe floors and the high data tre cov
ered with thick carpets., large squares
of Imperial yellow : ground on which
writhe five clawed dragons In blue, with
a wave and rock border.. Steep stair
ways lead to the dais, where Incense
burners breathe clouds of perfume dur
ing a state ceremony, and the great arm
chairs of state of ebony, or gold lacquer
are nests of Interlacing dragons of won
derfully intricate carving..
. Yellow satin cushions ease the chair
Of ' state and tall screens behind ward
off the evil north wind and any draft,
beside displaying moral apothegm and
noble moftoes in classic seal characters.
There are three such splendid aud
ience halls In succession after the three
entrance courts, with their marble ter
races, tbetr bridged canals, Assyrian like
columns, guardian lions, and massive
Incense burnera "
Adjoining the third great audience
hall there is a hall of books, rows of
them mounting shelf over shelf, each
row of books protected by , a yellow
gause drop curtain weighted at the bot
tom by a strip of wood that keeps it
taut Each set of volumes Is folded
In a yellow cloth case fastened with red
ivory pins. Precious volumes, editions,
de luxe, sre rolled in squares of yellow
hMwt.. that fnH Avar mnA tmatan mrlth m.
heavy silk cord and Ivory pin.,
A tall Inlaid screen in this hall of
books conceals an Immense Jade, fish
bowl, a huge block of dark green neph
rite whose carved surface we could only
see bit by bit, as we scratched matches
and lighted a few Inches of it at a time.
It is even larger than the great Jade
bowl of Kanahsl. which stands like a
aacred Image on a -marble pedestral un
der a pavilion of Its own at the sea
palace. - . '
At the other side of the audience hall
there is a little study that ia only aa
large as the shelf of tbe Kang or Tartar
stove, a nest of yellow cushions, a low
table for, books all that it contains.
This was the favorite study room of
the boy emperor for many years,, and
the single panel of the-screen closing
Its entrance had a modern French land
scape, with its gold frame and glass
shadow box complete mounted on its
puter face. r
Behind the screen of the dais there
was a collection of imperial maps, an
atlas ot the empire In sections, and
many volumes, foldfng puszles that,
mtea iogetnerrprovmceDyr province,
would have nearly covered the floor of
the audience hall. ' .....
DiMT AITS TXB ITOMTirATZOsT,
From the Chicago Tribune.
The members of the Democratic com
mittee who moved the convention to St.
Louis because they were afraid Mr.
Hearst did more In 24 hours to advance
his boom than he could have done him
self In 24 years. They have put hlrre be
fore the country as a serious candidate
for the presidency, and one whose pros
pects seem to them to be so good that
they are alarmed and frightened six
months before the convention meets.
. With Roosevelt on one side and Hearst
on the other as prlnctpal candidates a
most interesting choice will be presented
to the eastern Democrats who have been
opposed to the present occupant of the
White House as not-sufficiently subser
vlent to the moneyed Interests of New
Tork and New Jersey. We congratulate
them upon the adroitness ' with which
they have presented the Issue to. the
country, an Issue which. In the Judg
ment of most men, was never likely to
arise until they called It Into being.
.' " - " . 1 . f'
actions ef a Bachelor.
From the New Tork Press. -
The way to a man's heart is through
You can't have too' much of a good
thing unless it's a wife.
Sinners don't have to worry sbout
their sins; the saints do It for them.
The only one who doesn't get bored at
a family reunion is the mother of them
all. -: .'. ; -. ,
Nothing gets on a person's nerve a
much as to have some one else around
who has that kind of nerves too.
;-v Stock ' Market Kistory. : -';
'' From the Boston Advertiser.
Of course, when Mr. Rockefeller and
some allied Interests wanted to get hold
of "steel common" ! they made it so
common that nobody wanted It. And,
Of course, when they get all that, they
want of it, outsiders will never he able
to get all they Want ot it. That la
usually stock market history,' ,