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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1904)
THE GREATEST OF THE
vw.;:-'.', . ; . .. . , . . . , ; . :;-
Payne Gives His; Statement to the American Peo
ple Who Own all the Routes and Hire
AH f of the Employes, y
; (Journal Special Serrlce.)
Washington, Jan. 11. As interesting
a report as an yet submitted bytt
. federal department Is probably that
published by Postmaster-General Payne.
Comprehensive In its entirety, it tells
of the advantageous progress of the pos
tal system, dealing particularly with the
great growth a,nd. benefits, of the free
delivery, system. 'U:-:.-; "... ;v .
A. synopsis of, the report follows
By executive order; dated; January 31,
1902, postal employes were forbidden,
either dlredly or -indirectlyi Jndlvldu a 1 1 y
: or through associations, to solicit an
'"Increase of pay or ; to Influence . or to
attempt to influence In their own inter
est any. other : legislation . whatever,
either Tefore congress or-. its -committees,
or in any way save through the
heads of the departments in or under
which they serve, on penalty of dismis
sal frbn the government '.service. In
consequence of this order; there have
been presented to , the', department by
committees representing various classes
' .of postal employes, statements setting
forth the reasons why sufsh employes
deem' their' claims for Increased com
pensation to be well founded.
"The following is the result of the
financial ' operations of the department
for the year, compared with thj previ-
.. ous fiscal year: ::
1902. t 1 3003 ''
RaTCnw ......$110,958,229.40 '$181,984,538.00
Money-order bual- -" .
new . 1.889.81T.86 f 1230.908.24
Total "lit.$121,MR.04T.2 ,$134,224,443.24
Total exp'ndt'rt. 124.786.6UT.0T 2 188,784,487.8T
Exomii of "ei- (
oyer recelpti.f 8.88T.640.M , 4.M0.O44.TS
An Increase in the deficit over the
previous year of $1, 822,894 J9 2, which is,
however, $1,042,183 less than the esti
mated deficit for the year.' -
The estimated deficit for 1904 is
$7,208,906.88. ,. . .,,.'4 J;1 ..;' .
' 1 JSonSy, Orders Increase. .'.
The postal money order business con
tinues to .increase at a very rapid rate.
The increase in the , business in the
United States for the year 1903. as com
pared with 1902, is as follows:
Amount of domestic orders lsnoeil
J 1-02.. 313,551,279.M
U"03. ; i ...... r. . .. 333,627,848.08
Amount ot orders paid and repnld:
ir02.......i...... ........ ........$3tB.220,48.e8
Exees of receipts orer expenses paid from
the proceeds t .... t
Y.m .'..$ 1.852.081.83
. The international business shows a
still greater Increase, as compared with
the preceding fiscal year, , the increase
in the number of orders issued being
603.038, with an increase of 448,466 In
the number of orders paid, an increase
of $12,263,462.32 in the amount of orders
Issued and an Increase o ,16,861,843.11
in the amount Of orders paid, .
r TrTellnf Postoffloe. ,
On June 30, 1903, there were 1,400
lines of traveling post offices, covering
189.298 miles in length; the number ot
employes in the service was 10,566: the
annual distance traveled by. clerks in
cars and boats, 236,114,604 miles, i It is
eRtlmated that these clerks handled 15,
999,802,630 pieces of ordinary mail and
29,897,063 packages and cases of regis
tered mail.:. The errors by clerks in
handling the mail as reported indicate
but one error for every 11,630 pieces
correctly distributed. , , -
' Stamps ft Legal Tender.
4 The practice of the public of using
postage stamps for remittances in the
malls has grown to enormous propor
tlons. ' The result is that the depart
ment loser tieavlljr in several waysrbut
especially because the sale of stamps by
postmasters for. that purpose , at the
smaller postofflces increases their com
pensation wrongfully, and Imposes upon
postofflces in the large, cities to which
such remittances are generaly made the
labor of handling vast quantities of mat
ter the revenues from which ars de
rived by the selling postofflces. It en
courages - trafficking in postage ' stamps,
and this encourages the robbery of post
offlces. Many plans -have been proposed
for obviating this, evil. , ?
, Letters from Farmers.
' The -extension of the rural free de
livery, service -and the consequent "in
crease in the use of the mails by the
patrons residing-along the rural routes,
together with the extension of the tele
phone' service into the farming districts
of the country, has suggested the pro
priety of extending the privilege of the
special delivery of such letters, or the
contents thereof, by means of the tele
phone, it being proposed that a special
stamp would authorise the postmaster
at the office of delivery to open such let
ter and telephone its contents to the
person to whom It Is addressed., It will
be seen that if such plan- is feasible 24
hours' time will be saved in the, transmission-
of important messages to many
people residing along the lines of - the
rural delivery routes. I . would recom
mend that a small appropriation be
made by congress for the purpose of en
abling the postmaster-general to investi
gate the subject . . , . ,,
dross Triads. t
On March 7, 1903, an investigation was
ordered affecting the integrity of certain
officials connected with the offlce of the
assistant attorney-general for the post
office department, the division of post
offlce supplies, the free delivery system
and the division of salaries and allow
ances. The investigation begun at that
time had not been concluded at the close
of the fiscal year. More than 40 inspec
tors were detailed for this work.
As a result of the investigation. 17
officials were separated from the service
by resignation ,or removal. Forty-four
indictments -were found and 31 persons
arrested, 10 of whom : had been ' con
nected with the postal service. A special
report covering the details of this in
vestigation has-been submitted.
Closes Them Oat,
During the latter months of .the fiscal
year the statutes authorizing the post
master-general to suppress the opera
tion of fraudulenUacheines and lottery
enterprises through the mails have re
ceived a stricter application - and been
somewhat more rigidly enforced "than
previously. The effect of this policy is
clearly seen in the marked -decrease Jn
the number, of complaints of fraudulent
practices received from the public, and
In the greater, care that is being shown
by -publishers in excluding from their
publications advertisements'' of prise
schemes .hlch come within- the" legal
definition of lotteries. . - , --:
There seems to be no diminution, how-1
ever, in the number of so-called "guess
ing contests," whioh since the enactment
of the' federal lottery laws have largely
taken the place of ordinary lottery enter
prises. Indeed, so far from -decreasing
In number, these schemers ' are becom
ing ; more and more, widespread, while
the scale of their operation is constantly
growing. It would be difficult to esti
mate the number of these contests how
being carried on; but it may safely be
sa,ld that they run far into the hundreds,
and that by- means of them prizes of
money and property aggregating several
hundred thousand dollars are distributed
every year. .... , - . .; ;
., .Very Pernicloas. V . ,
"While in their practical consequences
these schemes are almost, if not-quite,
as pernicious and, detrimental to the
publlo as ordinary lotteries,! they have
been held by athorneys-general of the
United States and by a federal court, in
whtclw a-prosecutlon in the nature of a
test case wast instituted, not to eome
within the prohibitions of the lottery
statutes. The need of ' legislation au
thorising the exclusion from the malls
of all matter relating . to this class of
enterprises is plainly evident.
The promotion through. the medium of
the mails of gambling enterprises has
also become a .,. grave abuse, ' for tho
suppression of which it appears the ex
isting laws 'afford no authority, except
where actual fraud In their conduct can
be shown.. -.These debasing schemes are
numerous, and ' are widely advertised
and exploited in newspapers, and circu
lar matter : passing through the malls:
remittances of money being solicited for
the ostensible purpose of being bet or
wagered on horse races or. like events,
under so-called systems of betting, in
which the chances of loss to the Investor
are represented to be reduced , to the
minimum. In moat cases they are but
covers for fraud on an extensive scale,
though to establish that fact much time
and careful investigation are frequently
necessary; and meantime the public la
subjected to serious losses. That , the
use of the postal service of the United
States for the promotion of these demor
alizing schemes should be prohibited by
law hardly needs to-be argued.
r:. i Other Abases. . - ,, -.'::-
The abuses of the second class of mail
matter have been discussed and defined
in many previous reports. . Under-date
of July 17, 1901, after much deliberation
and after the abuses of this class had
been a scandal to the postal service for
many years, it was determined to un
dertake a reform, through a proper and
rational interpretation of the statute.
which should be as thorough as possible
and yet -free from Interference with le
gitimate newspapers and periodicals in
the rights accorded them by law. Since
that date the department has moved
steadily forward toward accomplishment
of the desired end. - -.
..... . Ji -
Preparing for the Strenuous Life.
From the Washington Star.
"Don't you think It would be a good
idea for Josh to put more time on his
books an' less on football T" said Mrs.
"No," answered the farmer: . "Josh is
goln' to, live in New York, an' I've no
ticed that' the feller who manages to
get through the crowd there is the one
who knows how to use his knees an' el
bows an' not the one who is readin' a
M ORGANIZE TO
FIGHT MEAT TRUST
IHTDHTZKDTIirT FACXHfO CO. XVCOB-
-POBATXS WZTK CAPITAi STOCK
Or $8,000,000 PACKES' COMBIM
HAS KOLXS COKPXTXTTOir BITS
ZS JTOW TO BB SXKBCTEB.
TVe are organized to fight the packers'
combine; or, in other words, the meat
trust," declared I F. Wilson of Kansas
City, Mo., vice-president of the Inde
pendent Packing company, an organisa
tion of stock raisers, which intends to
establish Independent packing houses
and thus compete with the meat trust
The concern Is already incorporated -with
a capital stock of $5,000,000, divided into
100,000 snares oi the par value ot iso
each, - i'. ';;:-: ; f h'
Mr. Wilson, F. W, Flato of St. Joseph,
Mo., treasurer, and Paul Russell of Pa
ola, Kas., members of the executive
board of the company, arrived in Port
land, Sunday morning. Next Saturday
a meeting of the directors and stock
holders of the concern will elect a presi
dent and choose a site for the principal
-packing-house.'-, . :
: - xor seir-rroteouon.
"We were obliged to form this com
pany to protect ourselves, ' continued
Mr. Wilson, "for the meat trust has now
full control of the packing Industry
and has practically killed all competi
tion. From July 16, laoa, untu tne same
time a year later, the price of live stock
dropped almost SO percent But dressed
meats remained at practically the same
figures that is, beef and ' mutton; so
where does tne raiser get out weuner
he nor the consumer can gain anything.
And as a result fully 80 per cent of the
stock growers were forced out ot the
"Armour, Swift and the rest of the
meat trust, in 1902. bought up nine In
dependent packing-houses, practically
destroying all competition, paying, it Is
reported, $81,000,000 lor . tnem. . mow
the consumer and the grower are pay
ins; for these plants." s
Where the principal packing plant oi
the iew company will be located Is not
known. Kansas City, St. Joseph, Den
ver, Fort Worth or some point on the
Pacific slope nave all oeen mentioned.
Will Boy in Open Market.
fit is the intention of the Independent
Packing company," continued Mr. Wil
son, "to buy its animals in the open
markets and to keep away from brokers'
manipulations as much as possible. The
company la organised under the laws of
the territory of Arizona, and sale of
stock Is not restricted to any class."
"If that is the case," was asked, "why
cannot members of the packing trust
buv ud stock and gain control of the
new eomDanVT" ?
Mr. Wilson's answer was to read from
the prospectus of the concern, this pro-
"Fifty-one per cent of the stock of the
company Is to be Issued to fifteen trus
tees, under an agreement with the com-
oanv for the benefit ot tne auDscriDers,
and. under the terms of the subscrip
tions, the trustees are to issue to each
uhBcriberartrustee'a certificate' for 1
per cent of the amount of stock sub
scribed for when fully paid. These trust
certificates may be sold and transferred
upon the books of the company, and
dividends paid the holder on the same,
but the voting power of same remains
in the hands Of the committee.
"You see," he said, "the trustees are
elected for a term of ten years, and
there is but little danger of the power
being usurped. All we desire is to cre
ate honest competition and .this we will
do. This enterprise la not novel or un
tried. P. D. Armour began the packing
business in 18(2, a poor man, and when
he died a few years ago was the richest
individual merchant in the world. O.
F. Swift, another, died leaving an estate
valued , at $12,000,000. Never in the
history of the American packing indus
try, has there been a failure, except
where the funds were-used for outside
The first board or directors consists or
35 men, as follows:
Arizona E. S. w Gosney, ' Flagstaff.
California - H. A. Jastro, Bakersfleld.
Colorado John W. Springer, Denver;
Frank Benton,; Hardin; G F. Martin,
Denver. Idaho F. J. Hagenbarth, Spen
cer; John McMillan. Boise. Indian Ter
ritory E.B. Frayser, vmita; s, u. wh
Hams, Purcell. Kansas Paul Russell,
Paola; M. C. Campbell, Wichita; T. M.
Walker, Atchison; George Plumb, Em
poria. Missouri F. W. Flato, Jr., St.
Joseph; T. B, Tombs, Kansas city; J.
H. Gentry, Sedalla. Montana J.' T.
Brown. Birney; William Lindsay, Glen-
dive. " Nebraska C. K. Adams, SupWior;
A. W. Atkins, Sidney. New Mexico W
C. Barnes, Dorsey; George H. Chessman,
Denver. Nevada George Russell, Elko;
GeorgeErnst, Elko. ; Oklahoma E. B.
Johnson, Norman; fTonk Smithy Ponca
CJtyi W.' E.Bolton, Woodward. Oregon
J. H. Gwinn, Pendleton. ': South Da
kota Noah Newbanks, Pierre; C. J.
Buelt Bapld City. Texas U F. Wilson,
Holllday: W. E. Halsell. Bovlna; K. H.
Harris. San Angelo..- Utah -Jesse M.
Smith, Salt Lake; M. K. Parsons, Salt
Lake. Wyoming B, R. Beiway, sneri-
HOSPITAL IS OFF
CBxer aroarr xettjsxd to a its vr
A STJTTABEB BOOK XV TEEW Or
XT WAS WOT BXXXBO WXSX TO
FIRST STAMP MILL
IN OLD CLACKAMAS
(Journal Bpeelsl Serrlce.)
Oregon City, Jan. 11. The first stamp
mill ever erected in Clackamas county
will be installed by the Moialla Central
Mining company on its claim near Ogle
creek, in the Cascade mountains, Just
so soon as the weather will permit in
the spring. This - action was decided
upon by the board of directors of the
company at a meeting held ' on Friday
evening. This action upon the part or
the company was decided upon after
an assay of the latest samples brought
out of the mine by Mr. Welsh, who re
turned from the mountains last week.
The assay was as follows: Lowest
grade ore, $16.76; next grade, $78.94;
full test across the ledge, $310.33; se
lected samples, $2,773.31. Just so soon
as the snow goes out of the mountains
the people of the Moialla neighborhood
will begin the building of a road from
the foothills into the mines, and for that
purpose have subscribed ' $700 In labor.
The residents of Moialla Prairie have
great faith in the Ogle creek mines, and
say these mountains will be prospected
from one end to the other next summer.
Mrs. Jennie-May and son of Milton,
Or., were Visiting friends in Oregon City
Mr. and Mrs. Edward G. Taggart of
Portland, Or., were visiting the family
of G. W. Grace yesterday.
. Hon. G. W. Grace, who has been
very" ill with cancer of the stomach dur
ing the past two months, is no better
than he was last week. In fact, his
condition remains practically unchanged.
The county court of Clackamas county
adjourned last Saturday, after having
been in' session four days.- They trans
acted more business and allowed a
greater number of claims man at any
term of the court during the past 13
AT THE THEATRES
The emergency hospital, which was to
have been established at the city Jail,
Is for the present a dead Issue. City
Physician Zan said today: vf ; v
' "I have for many months been trying
to have established this Important in
stitution. That it Is necessary no one
denies, and it could be fitted up and
maintained at a. very small, cost, v -"Chief
Hunt is hot willing to -give up
a part 'of the detectives' room for this
purpose, which .would be entirely sat
isfactory for the purpose. He has of
fered us a place upstairs which would
require several hundred dollars to put in
"At " the" last" meeting "of "the "state
board of health it was decided for the
present to - abandon .'the project alto
gether. It is anticipated that some rad
ical changes will be made in the way
of Improvement at the city Jail, and in
this event the money now used for the
emergency hospital would be wasted.
When the rearrangement of the Jail
takes place we will then try and get a
location." , , -
Corvallis, Jan. 11. Corvallls chicken
fanciers are gaining considerable of a
reputation. Eugene M. Simpson, whose
fowls recently captured three prizes at
the big poultry show In California, sold
a bird a few days ago to a party in
Washington for $15. The offer came,.
unsolicited, and was promptly accepted.
Mr. Simpson has been very successful
in the poultry business, his receipts
from his small pen of birds bringing
him last year $300. A number of Mr,
Simpson's fowls have been on exhibition
at the Seattle show the past week.
Albany Osts Tactory.
That the Corvallis Carriage factory
Is to be removed to Albany is at last
brought to the realization of local towns
people. -Out at the factory a chute is
In course of construction from the north
side . of the building to a connection
with the C. & E. R. R. switch. As soon
as this chute is. completed the task of
removing the machinery will begin, to
be followed by the rasing of the build-
lnar itself. This is a huge undertaking.
and several months will no doubt be
reaulred to complete the-Job. The fac
tory is an immense building, and Its
removal will leave a gap in uorvains
that wilt cause ', the observer to pause
and wonder "What's happened?"
"AT THE WHZTB BOBSB TAYZBjr,"
' A most pleasing Interpretation is given
"At the White Horse Tavern" by th
Baker Theatre Stock company. Capacity
houses greeted both performances yes
terday, and curtain calls were numer
ous. There . is nothing trashy or vul
gar about the play, and no strained sit
uations. The complications arise most
naturally and are often excruciatingly
No more pleasing character acting has
ever been seen at the Baker than that
offered by Charles Edwin Inslee as Wal
ter Hlnzleman, a tutor and ideal trav
eler. Oza Waldrop appears ss Clara,
his daughter, and talks with a lisp. They
both made an Instantaneous "hit." and,
were applauded at every appearance.
The story of the play deals with the
trip of a number of Berlin people to the
Alps for pleasure and recreation. There
several love affairs commence and the
most unexpected and comical situations
William Dills even : surprised his
friends by his clever interpretation of.
therrole-of - William- Glcsecks,- a travel
ing Berlin lamp manufacturer. Georg
Alison looked the - part , of Leopold
Brand, the head waiter, and : made a
most entertaining foreigner. Esther -Lyon
ss Josephs, the lnkeeper, and Wil
liam ' Bernard appeared as - Frednrio
Seller, an- attorney.! Howard ; Russell
was billed as Arthur Sutro, a young,
man prematurely bald, and evoked much
Tha scenlfl feature to-thM Oroductlon
is a rainstorm in the first act, which is
very realistic. Real water is used.
About Velvet. . '
Gay-velvetJa Inlaid- la coat collars.
Shirred velvet forms the very lovely
collar of an evening coat
Velvets covered with delicate tracer
les In chenille In same tone are a nov
Velvet pastilles, as well as chenilles.
are used In the adorning ot modish fin
I Ishes. . - ' '.. - , .
"HIT TAB WXBSXS." '
Miss Jessie Shirley, leading lady with
the company now playing at Cordray's,
had the pleasure of watching a per
formance of "Rip; Van Winkle" last
evening and enjoyed the opportunity of
applauding with the rest the meritori
ous effort of her co-actors.
George D. McQuarrie - appeared as
Rip." and made a faithful picture - of
the vagabond Dutchman. - Miss Laura
Adams was Orecchen, his wife, Wilson
Forbes, aa Dedrlck von Bcekman, was
The play will continue until Thurs
day, when. "The Deacon's Daughter,"
with Miss Shirley in the cast, will open
for the remainder of the week.
SYBDXCATB OSTS TKB BAXJSB.
The Baker theatre has been added to
the circuit of Northwestern playhouses
under the control of the Northwestern
Theatrical association.- For soma time
the theatre held out against tha trust.
and Edward Shields was alleged to have
a six-months' contract with tha man
agement. of the house to present vaude
ville. Mr. Shields is now in Portland,
and the announcement make it evident
that an amicable arrangement waft madh
Florence Roberts begin her week's
engagement at the Marquam Grand thea
tre tonight with a handsome production
of the society play, "The Frisky Mrs.
Johnson." The play is a Clyde Fitch
production, The story is full of dra-
matlo strength, expressed in smart",
witty dialogue, abounding in comedy and
presented with elaborate stage settings
and magnificent costumes. "The Frisky
Mrs. .Johnson" will be continued until
Wednesday night inclusive, and wilt be
followed by "Sapho," Thursday night,
"Gloconda,"' Friday, and "Zaza," Satur
day matinee and night.
We Give Good Values' all the year round,
But During OUR RIDDANCE SALE TheAre
E XT RAO R DIN A
Every article, in fact, in our store has; gone through a transformation in regard to price, so that it certainly will pay '
you to DO YOUR SHOPPING: NOW. Besides our radical price-reductions, we are giving away during this month
VALUABLE ARTICLES ABSOLUTELY FREE with every purchase, no matter if large or small.
; THE EASIEST TERMS IN . TOWN , on goods purchased in any department are quoted and any reasonable offer
will the accepted. . : .
" '44''' v --' ': ; ;v -'.; . ..... . . 44':' ; .."': ," - ' 4'4:-4:4-:444-4;4j,):44.
OUR UNPARALLELED OFFER $50-00
l , a Week, is also good during this sale and offered together
with our reduction in price a grand money-saving opportunity for people intending to furnish.
if 390 Washington Street.
Store Where Your Credit Is Good."
' , OU CLOAK AND SUIT DUPARTMENT MAKES , ALTERATIONS NOW AS HERGTOFORB ABSOLUTCL.Y FREE OF CHAR 0 12.
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