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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1904)
THE OREOOiN DAILY
C S. JACKSON
Published every evening (except Sunday) at The Journal Building. Fifth and
OFFICIAL. PAPRR OP THE CITY OP
THE JOURNAL'S PLATFORM
A Trinity ot Events Which Would Males of Portland
the Mightiest City of the Pacific Coast
: First Deepen the Columbia river bar. ,..
.. SecondOpen the Columbia river to unim
peded navigation at and above The Dalles.
Third Dig an Isthmian canaL
; EVERYBODY SHOULD JOIN.
.,. . ; .' i s
HERE is one little New Tear's resolution that every
, body should adopt join the Portland Push club.
, There Is one respect in which our conservatism
has run to seed. Most communities overestimate their
possessions and prospects; we underestimate ours. When
the intelligent Inquirer takes away the usual , allowance
for enthusiasm and local pride, we, are given very much
less than we are entitled to, while our wiser neighbors
never get less.V
As a matter of fact there is no more generally prosper
Mill nlfn 1. -1 T". . 1 . T.j t
'have never attempted anything spectacular; they have
never tried to nush the Htv hevnnrt thn mnnrltv nf tho
country back of it. There has been no
nfimi. v r ni a a .... fnn-m -m .AnniAnM .....
and discourage. The demand always keeps just ahead of
the supply. "The growth ot this port in wheat and flour
shipments this season indicates that the time is not far
distant when we will ship more of both than do all the
other ports on the Pacific combined; that even this' year
we are likely to reach that mark with our -wheat. We
have the country back of us and naturally tributary to us.
Everything that is done to Improve the condition of the
Columbia either at the bar or at the dalles brings us nearer
to that natural consummation. v,
Portland, is Just coming into its own. - In the next 10
' years it is destined to attaln-a growth and consequence- in
the commercial world far beyond pur-wildest dreams of 10
years ago. Now is the' time ' for everyone to put his
shoulder to the wheel. There is plenty of room in the
Push club and at the beginning of the new year is the
time to take an active membership and accept the obliga
tion. Each one should constitute himself a Pusher and get
to business at once! - The next "census should show Port
land with a population of 250,000 people.; There Is room
for them, there will be business for them. ' The result can
be accomplished by work. The work can be done -f
enough members will join the PuBh club and get to busi
ness. Now la the tfme to do it, not tomorrow. ' 't,V
, Everybody come in out of the Vet'.' ' i.
.. ... JUST A Bit PERSONAL.'. :.
T NEWSPAPER ever started anywhere in this broad
I l domain has ever faced, a ' more despicable, low-
-lived and mendacious campaign ' on the part of
Its competitors than that which has been waged against
The Journal. The Oregonian so long held undisputed
sway In this newspaper field, it had so often been able
to hamstring opposition ventures, that it came to' regard
this field as peculiarly, its own. Autocratic in its ideas,
using the bludgeon with deadly effect upon every head
that showed above the crowd, it has done more to retard
the growth, to limit the prosperity . and to provincialise
Portland .than all other elements combined.
. ' When The Journal was started in response to a patriotic
determination on the part of many of the leading and
most representative citizens of Portland, so that, both sides
.of every, question would have the benefit of publicity and
discussion, the Oregonian and its "Me Too", evening sat
ellite affected to look upon it as one of the usual fly by
night newspaper ventures such as they had so often met
in their experience, and gave it the usual 60 days' limit
of existence. But time lengthened to a year, each month
Showing a steady gain in advertising and circulation until
its projectors became satisfied of its ultimate success. It
was then that they secured one of the great Hoe color
presses capable of printing 24,000 papers art hour, a press
w hich, for cost, equipment and facility for doing fine work
has never been approached in the. state of Oregon. This
press once installed so that the demand of The Journal's
growing circulation could be met, led to other equip
ments in kind, so thar now, 21 months after the paper
was started, it possesses mechanical facilities which,
within their limits, equal anything to be found anywhere
in any office in the United States. The business and edi
torial quarters of the paper have been steadily enlarged,
altogether in response to the growing business, until now
the plant Is fitted from stem to stern with, every facility
'fop. "the. production of a flrstciass newspaper.
It now has a larger number of advertisers, that Is
double the number of business men of Portland use its
advertising columns than the Oregonian and its evening
Repeater put together. There has been much bragging
about what has been done in the way of newspaper growth.
' Very little of it has been done by The
more inclined to let me results speaK lor tnemseives. tsui
the Evening; Phonograph in its own sloppy little way Is
1 ery much inclined to go Into these ladylike hysterics
' perlodlcaHy. In Its latest blare of trumpets It tells how its
t advertising business has increased. From its own pub
WAX.X. STREET CJUtlSTMAS STOSY.j
From the World's Work. !
In a large New York business Instltu
t ion there was an employe-Whoe Christ-;
. mas gift had the saving grace of Individ
ual consideration. He was a bookkeeper,
nearly 40 years in harness, and he had
been overlooked in former years of fat
ness on Wall street except for a custom-
; ' and unvarying 310 gold piece. Sev
eral days before Christmas last year the
ofttoe became agitated with rumors of an
unprecedented flood ot good fortune. The
old bookkeeper tried to keep calm, but
' )is hopes ran Hot, and the day before
t-hrlstma found him In ft nervous flurry.
He saw his fellow-employes called into
the cashier's office one by one. each re
turning with ft. sealed envelope. The
bookkeeper waited for his summons, but
t, M.mA Mit ' tfvn tn office bova
merged, biting new gold pieces to test
tlim. and the foil "was completed an
' hour before the bookkeeper summoned
courage to' send in an Inquiry -whether
nilatak had not been made ,ln. the
rune of Mr. Blank, and whether an en
v elf pa had been overlooked. The an
.. There is no a.velope tor. Mr. Blank,
INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER , .
PUBLISHED BY JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO.
.... . jtit
Nobody can safely
This is one year in
with the party. It
Journal which Is
but. the president wishes to see him for
The bookkeeper-saw only One interpre
tation. This meant his discharge for
failing efficiency. He fairly tottered Into
the sanctum, a pitiful figure of panic
"Sit down, Mr., Blank," said the presi
dent. "I liave omitted your name In the
list of ChrlHtmas rewards for faithful
service, and I regret that the bank will
have to find another man to nil your po
sition after tomorrow. Compose your
self, sir; tears are undignified In this
office. You should know better, after
being hero for so long ft term of service.
Don't go. I have a few words more to
say before you leave. The directors have
decided to retire you on full pay for
the rest Of your life, and the year's
salary will be paid to you in advance.
This does 'not establish a ruinous prece
dent, for r employes with 38 years of
faithful service to their credit are not
sprinkled -very plentifully through Wall
V-' At So Haoh ".
From the New York World.
At the St. Louis exposition the resur
rected Maine will be remembered at reg
ulax rates ci ftdjtuiaslgn, m
JNO. P. CARROLL
Yamhill streets. ; Portland. Oregon
lished figures it appears that it gained in December over
its November advertising record 6,984 inches. During the
same period The Journal gained 11,756 inches, while in
last December, as compared with December of a year ago,
Its records show a gain of 27,181 inches. The average gain
In advertising during October, November and December
over the corresponding months of the previous year "was
333 per cent, surely a sufficient evidence of enormous
growth in business to satisfy the most exacting.
It is facts like these, clearly Indicating that The Journal
Is now an established institution, that grind our colorless
evening contemporary and lend the green tinge of envy
to' the malicious private campaign which it so persistently
wages against The Journal. This is the real milk in the
cocoanut. It . fully, accounts for its malicious gumshoe
campaign as it will fully explain its animus to those whom
It is intended to victimize. ";'
Despite our envious contemporaries, despite the despic
able campaign which they have waged and are waging
they may take these as accepted facts : That The J ournal
has definitely passed the experimental stage; that it is
here to stay; that it is now an established institution
which needs ask , odds oj. nobody; that its great growth
in the past year clearly 'indicates its popularity with the
business and reading public; that those who have money
invested in it are perfectly! satisfied with their investment
and have every reason to be, and that this newspaper
while going not an inch out of its way to seek trouble, will
budge hot a hairsbreadth to avoid it with any man, fac
tion, clique or newspaper whether here in Portland or in
any other spot on top of earth.
signs fall, things are Inevitably tending
toward war between Japan and Russia. Judg
ing from the signs we look for the official dec
laration any day. Japan is between the devil and the deep
blue sea. If it accepts the situation It has reached the
zenith of its glory and its retrogression will, be alarmingly
fast; if it goes to war and is disastrously beaten, it must
lose the proud position it has occupied since the close of
the war with China. If it delays every moment Is pre
cious, for every moment adds strength in equipment to its
enemies, and none to Japan. ;
Precisely what is going on no one but those directly in
volved clearly know. A hundred rumors are published to
every grain of fact. , But there are certain general condi
tlonswhlclVT aeem-clear- and one of them is that- unless
Japan strikes soon, its chance to do so effectively will be
gone. There is much speculation over the possible out
come of such a struggle. Just as there is at the beginning
of every war. Its general burden la ultimately unfavor
able to Japan. At the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian
war . intelligent professional opinion waa almost wholly
With France. Yet subsequent events showed that France
Was totally unprepared for war and that its whole mili
tary system was so honeycombed with corruption that
there was a frightfully wide gap between the equipment
which it apparently had and that which it actually had.
When the trouble arose between China and Japan we
heard much of how China's preponderance of numbers
would overwhelm the Mikado. The speedy annihilation
of China's. power was a positive revelation ' to the wlse-
. . ? . -j
look for a walkover for Russia in the
event of trouble. There are too many uncertain elements,
none more uncertain than the naval arm in which the
Japs gave such a good account of themselves at the Yalu
river, ' All things being- equal the Russians should ulti
mately win the struggle, but all things' may not be equal.
The Japanese would be fighting for, their very existence;
they would be staking everything on the cast of the die.
There would, be prodigies ot valor as a matter of course
and with the high state of effectiveness which the
Mikado's army has undoubtedly reached the world could
reasonably look for a struggle more intense, bloody and
destructive than the present generation has witnessed.
FOR PLATFORM BUILDERS
who the Democrats may nominate to be
their national standard . bearer, they will be tried
platform, rather than by their nominee.
which platforms will count tor much
Is one year when the party must look
backward as well as forward, when it must seriously con
sider the line of demarcation which divided its strength
In the past two great campaigns and wisely decide pre
cisely where and how to draw the line. Those campaigns
have left a good many Democrats outside the breastworks.
A large proportion of them doubtless are more inclined to
go back to the fold than to stay there; some of them
have formed permanent new alliances in the other camp.
What will be done about the platform? Will it re
pudiate the utterances of four and eight years agof Will
it say that in everything it then said it was wrong and in
everything it then did it was unwise and unwarranted?
Will it cast its Immediate past behind it and look forward
to the future and the issues which the intervening time
has brought or intensified into vitality?
The national Democratic party has a large contract on
Its hand in platform -building this year. It will require
care, wisdom and' adroitness In Its construction. Above
all things it will require deflniteness, courage and. honesty.
Plalnspoken opposition to certain Republican policies and
denunciations ot them will come as a matter of course, but
the question which everybody will look for the national
platform to deciders precisely where the Democratic
party itself stands and its own clearly specified official
attitude with reference to public questions past' and pres-
en,Th9 next Democratic national, platform ' will prove an
interesting document; how effective it may f be "time alone
can tell. '
j. '' '
chxcaoo'S msw ousESf or rasKiow
From the New YoVk press,
A new leader has been crowned in Chi
cago, Mrs. J. Ogden Armour has reached
this eminence by her management of the
famous bal poudre of December IS. It
Is said she 'bore alone the heavy burden
of formulating all the plans, pho was
a radiant figure at this- ball, and her
gown was the most costly one dTMplayed.
of apple-green brocade, wlt-
huge paniers of that material and an un
derskirt of ivory velvet. On the fcodlce
was a plastron of diamonds and emer
alds. It was the first plastron seen In
Chicago, and every one looked with
amasement on the strands of diamonds
with their emerald pendants. A Chicago
man said "Ogden" for a first name
seemed to Insure social supremacy.
"Look at those New York queens, of
fashion Mrs. Ogden Goelet and Mrs.
Ogden Mills," said he. , ,
Spain's Happy Hew Year.
From the -Atlanta Constitution. ,
i Spain has a treasury surplus of 360,
000,000. The loss of her colonies and
that $20,000,000 nest eggwe gave her
were the making; of the decadent old
i "Famous Sermon From the Bible
' i '
i . . - - . .
Christ reproveth the blindness ot the
Pharisees concerning the breach of tho
sabbath, by scriptures, by reaaen, and
by a miracle. He healeth the man pos
sessed that was blind and dumb. Blas
phemy against the Holy Ghost shall
never be forgiven. Account shall be
made of idle words. He rebuketh the
unfalthfuI, who seek after a sign: and
sheweta who is his brother, sister, and
mother.: St. Matthew 12: l-BO.
At that" time Jesus went on the sab-!
bath day through- the corn; and bis dls1
clpjes were an hungred. and began to
pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. " I
But when the Pharisees saw It, they
said unto, him: " v I
Behold, thy disciples do that which
Is not lawful to do upon the sabbath
day.'- 1 i
But he said unO. them: '.
Have ye not read what David did.
when he was. ah hungred, and they that
were w;th hfm;
How he entered Into the house of
God, and did eat the shewbread, which
was not lawful for him to eat, neither
for them which were' with him, but only
for the priests? , .-..!
Or have ye not read in the law, how
that on the sabbath days the priests in
the temple-profane. the sabbath, and are
But I say unto you.
That in this place is one greater than
But If ye had known what this mean-
eth, I will have mercy, and not sacri
fice, ye would not have condemned the
'For the Son of man Is Lord even of
the sabbath day.
And -when he was departed thence,
he went into their synagogue:
And, behold, there was a man which
had his hand withered. And they asked
Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath
days? that they might accuse him.
And he said unto them.
What man shall there be among you,
that shall have one sheep, and it it
fall Into a pit on the sabbath day, will
he not lay hold on It, and lift It out?
How much then Is a man better than
a sheep? Wherefore It is lawful to do
well on the sabbath days.
Then salth he to the, man,
Stretch forth thine hand.
' And he stretched It forth; and it was
restored whole, like as the other.
Then the Pharisees went out. and
held a council against him, how they
might destroy him.
But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew
himself from thence: and great multi
tudes followed him, and he healed them
And charged them that they should
not make him known: .
That-tt might be" fulfilled which was
spoken by Essies the prophet, saying,
Behold my servant, i whom I have
chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul
Is well pleased: I will put my spirit
upon him, and he shall shew Judgment
to the Gentiles.
He shall not strive, nor cry; neither
Shall any man hear his voice In the
A bruised reed shall he not break, and
smoking flax shall he not quench, till he
send forth judgment unto victory.
And in his name shall the Gentiles
trust, ' - '
Then was brought unto him one pos
sessed with a devil, blind, and dumb:
and he healed htm. Insomuch that the
blind and dumb - both spake ' and saw.
And all the people were amazed, and
said. - ,
Is not this the son of David? '
But when the Pharisees 'heard it,
they said, .
' This fellow doth not cast out devils,
but by Beelsebub the prince , of the
And Jesus knew their thoughts, and
said unto them,
Every kingdom divided against it
Self is brought to desolation; and every
city or house divided against itself
shall not stand: "
And it Satan cast out Satan; he Is
divided against himself; how shall then
his kingdom stand?
And If I by Beelsebub cast out devils,
by whom do your children cast them
out? therefore they shall be. your
But if I cast out devils by the Spirit
of God, then the kingdom of God Is
come unto you.
Or else how can one enter Into a
strong man's house, and spoil his goods,
except he first bind the strong man?
and then he will spoil his house. '
He that is not with me is against me;
and he that gathereth not with me scat
Wherefore I say unto you. All man
ner of sin and blasphemy shall be for
given unto men: but the blasphemy
against the Holy Ghost shall not be
forgiven unto men.,.
And whosoever Wpeakcth ' a word
against the Son of man, it shall be for
given him: but whosoever speaketh
against the Holy Ghost, It shall not be
forgiven him, neither in this world, nei
ther in the world to come.
Either make the tree good, and his
fruit good; or else make the tree cor
rupt, and his fruit corrupt: for tile tree
Is known by his fruit. '
O generation of vipers, how can ye,
being evil, speak' good things? for out
of the abundance of the heart the mouth
A good man out of the good treasure of
the heart bringeth forth good things:
and an evil man out of the evil treas
ure bringeth forth evil things. V
But I say unto you, , That every Idle
word that men- shall .speak, they' shall
give account thereof in the day of Judg
ment. . - -. y l v
For by1 thy words thou shalt be Jus
tified, and by thy words thou shalt be
Then certain of the scribes and of the
Pharisees answered, .saying, 'Master, we
would see a sign from thee.
But he answered and said unto them,
An evil and adulterous generation seek
cth after a sign; and there shall no
sign be given to it, but the sign of the
For ad Jonas was three days and three
nights in the whale's belly; so shall the
Son of man be three days and three
nights In the heart of the earth.
The men of Nineveh shall rise in
ludnment with this generation, and
shall condemn It: because, they repented
at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold,
a areater than Jonas Is here.
The queen of the south, shall rise up
in tne judgment wun mis generation.
and shall condemn 'it: ror she came
from the uttermost parts of the. earth
hear the wisdom of Solomon ; and,
behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
. When the unclean spirit, Is gone out
Of a man, he walketh through dry places,
seeking rest, and findeth none.
Then he salth. I will return Into my
Uhouse from whence I came. .out; and
when he is come, he findeth it. empty,
swept, and garnished. ' '
Then Koeth "he. and taketh with him
self seven other iplrlrk more wicked
than himself, and they enter in and
dwell there: and the last state of that
man is worse than the first.. Even so
shall it be also unto this wicked gen
eratlon. " ! ''
J While 'he yet talked to the people.
behold, his mother. nd his brethren
stood without, desiring to speak with
Tto ot. said unto him, -Behold, thy
-V.-: - , , , .v.. .,,.., ,-
mother and thy brethren stand without,
desiring to speak with thee,
But he answered and said unto him
that told him, Who is my mother? and
who are my brethren? : . : . ,.
And he stretched forth his hand
toward his "disciples, and said, Behold,
my mother and my brethren!
For whosoever shall do the will or my
Father which Is In heaven, the same is
my brother, and sister, and mother.
VAicxHa omzAT uxsms.
How . Systems of JTomenolature Have
Been Evolved by Companies,
From the New York World.
When what has become known as the
White Star Lln4 was formed it was
named the Oceanic Steam Navigation
company, probably in recognition of the
fact that its steamers were to ply on
any ocean, and the first few of its ships
were called, naturally enough, the fa
ct tie, the Baltic, and ihe Adriatic, In
honor of the oceans, and the Republic,
In honor of the United States.
The American Line follows the custom
of naming its ships in. honor of the
larger American cities, as in the case
of the St Paul, St. Louis, New', York
and Philadelphia. ' The Inman Line,
which was the predecessor of the Amer
ican, followed a similar policy, except
that it named its ships .of Important
cities on both sides of the water. And
the Cunarders, like the White Star
liners, are reaognizable by two distinc
tive final letters, "la" Instead of "la"
Usually the first vessel in the squad
ron of a given company has been re
sponsible for the christening of 'all
later additions, again suggesting a cer
tain similarity between a family of
steamships and a family of humans.
The ships of the Dominion Line, which
began its service from Liverpool to Bos
ton at a comparatively recent date, hav
ing been previously engaged mainly In
trade with Canadian ports and New Or
leans, have at first glance, much less
similarity than either the White Star
or American liners.
These vessels the Canada, New Eng
land. Mayflower, Commonwealth and
others had, however, an obvious simi
larity to each. other that made them al
most as recognisable to the Initiated as
if, like the White Star liners, they all
ended In "ia" or, like the vessels of the
Atlantic Transport service, all began
Tha Red Star Line, anether of the
great Atlantic companies that united
with the White Star, American, Do
minion and Leyland to form the Inter
national Mercantile Marine company,
has also its distinctive final syllable.
One of the earlier Red Star ships, then
sailing under the Belgian flag, was the
Belgenland. The Noorland and Western
land continued the use of the distinc
tive final syllable, "land." which finds
its latest examples In two American-
built vessels Finland and Kroonland.
In the nomenclature of the half-hun
dred -vessels of the Leyland Line there
Is invariably a final "an," and more
often a final "ian." The Canadian, De
vonian, Winifredian and Callfornian arc
examples of the larger class.
xxruira oxzoxs hot oasxzs.
From the New York press.
"It isn't every man that can write
checks and have the persons to whom
he gave them refuse to cash them," said
a retired official of the New York bank.
'1 have met but one case In all my ex
perience, and that was when I was in
Vermont several years , ago, I nad a
small place up there not far from Kip
ling's summer home. During Kipling's
last year in Vermont he became alarmed
at the growth of his expenses and de
cided to keep a strict eye on his cash
account. Before that time he had paid
everything in cash He opened up an
account at a bank In one of the near-by
towns and paid all his bills with per
''Perhaps he ran to the other extreme,
for he gave checks for everything from
60 cents up. It did not take long for
the sharp Yankee storekeepers .and his
other creditors to discover 'that they
could get more for the checks from au
tograph fiends than they could from the
paying teller at the bank. This wss
particularly the case when they attached
a memorandum of the account receipted
In .full, of course. For a bill against
Mr. Kipling for five pounds of cheese,
with an autograph check for 31.35, was
a souvenir that commanded ft fancy
price. , ...
"The consequence was that some
checks never found : their way to the
bank, and the author was greatly pus
sled. He began to think he did not
know much about keeping accounts. He
would send in his bank book once a
month to be balanced, and It would be
returned to him Invariably showing more
to his credit than was indicated by the
stubs.' . .
"Kipling was unable to account for It,
and attributed the discrepancy to his
bad head for figures. One day while
visiting Boston he ran across a small
chack given' for a case of bottled beer,
framed and hanging In the study of ft
collector. That exposed the dodge, and
the 'laureate of the people' was Indig
nant. The first thing he did when he
got home was! to burn his checkbook,
and after that he insisted on paying all
his bills In coin. -
AS A TAIJB TKAT IS TOLD.
W. D. Nesbit In the Chicago Tribune.
"We spend our years as a tal that is
told." Psalm xc:9.
As a tale that is told, as a tale that is
The leaf of the year flutters loose from
our hold,-, " r
And we think of the lines that are
blotted or blurred
The lines that show gaps of a phrase or
a word -
And the page may be weak, or the page
may be bold,
But the year has gone by as ft tale that
is told. -
O, the books that we write, with a year
for each leaf! J
The sunshine of laughter; the shadow of
' grief; '
The Joy or the sorrow the characters
May not be emended the leaf falls in
A scrawl, or a chapter illumined with
. gold. '
We have done with the telling the tale
has been told.
And it may be "The Preface"; it 'may
"- be "The End" '
The 'songs and the slghlngs will sooth,
But whether ot dumbness or whether
The chaptertis finished, the story is writ
Thus, silently, silently, fold upon fold,
We spend all our years as a tale that Is
flections of a Bachelor.
From the New York Press.
Every woman ' would know her own
mind if aha had one.
The way to understand a woman IS to
know there is no way.'; ::,, -
First a man's mother- spoils him and
then his wife keeps him spoiled.
No man can appreciate the delight of
having bis own house till the water
nines freeze and burst on him.
A .'woman is so cheerful about her
card playing that when she has trumped
her pa rtner'jttace she-thinks how much
better it is than i.f an opponent had done
it. s TT,-
Mr. Carl Schurz on
' Hon. Carl "Schuri Contributes to the
January, number of MoClure's Magazine
an article on the, negro question, a large
part of which is -devoted to a historical
summary and analysis of the conditions
leading, up to and following after the
system. , of slavery in the South, r His
conclusions are set forth in the article
as follows: i
"As to the outlook, there are signs
pointing in different ways. The a'p
plauae called forth by such virulent
pronouncements , ss those by. Gover
nor Vardaman, and the growls with
which some Southern newspapers ' and
agitators reeelve the united efforts ot
high-minded .Southern -. and 'Northern
men to advance education in the South
ern states among both races, as well, as
the political appeals made to a reckless
race-prejudice, are evidence that the re
actionary spirit is a strong power with
many Southern people. How far . that
spirit may go in its practical ventures
was shown in the Alabama peonage
cases.- which -disclosed a degree of un
scrupulous greed.' and an atrocious dis
regard of the most elementary princi
ples of justice andhumanlty. ' And what
has been proved creates the apprehen
sion" that there is still more ot the same
kind behind." ' 2
."On the other hand, the tact that the
united efforts for education in the South,
which I mentioned, are heartily and af
fectively supported not only by a large
number of Southern men of high stand
ing In society, but by some in important
political office in the Southern states,
and by a large portion of the Southern
press; and the further fact that the
crimes committed in the peonage cases
were disclosed by Southern officers ot
the law, that the indictments were
found by Southern grand juries, that
verdicts of guilty were pronounced by
Southern petit Juries, that sentence was
passed by a Southern Judge In language
the dignity, and moral feeling of which
could hardly have been more elevated,
and that the exposure of those crimes
evoked among the people of tha South
many demonstrations of righteous wrath
at such villainies all these things and
others of the same kind are symptoms
of moral forces at work which, if well
organized and directed, will be strong
enough effectually to curb the reac
tionary spirit, and gradually to estab
lish in the South, with regard to the
negro problem, an order of things
founded on right and justice, deliver
ing Southern society 'of the constant
Irritations and alarms springing from
wrongful and untenable conditions, giv
ing it ft much needed rest in the assur
ances of righteousness, and animating
it with a new spirit of progress.
"No doubt the most essential work
will have to be done in and by the
South itself. . And it can be. . There are
in the. South ft" great many enlightened
and htgh-mlnded men and women emi
nently fit for It Let them get together
and organise for the task of preparing
the publio mind in the South by a
systematic) campaign of education, for a
solution of the problem in harmony with
our free institutions. It may be ft long
and arduous campaign for them, but
certainly a patriotic, meritor.ous and
hopeful one. They will haye to fight
traditional notions and . prejudices of,
extraordinary stubborness, but they will
also have generous Impulses and sound
common sense to' appeal' to. - They will
not Indulge In the delusion that - they
can Ignore or altogether obliterate the
existing race-antipathy, but they, can
effectively combat every effort to culti
vate and inflame it. They will be able
to show that It Is the Interest of the
South, as It Is that of the North not
to degrade the laboring force, but to ele
vate It by making it more intelligent
and cabable, and that if we mean thus
to elevate it and to' make it more ef
ficient, we must not kill its' ambitions,
but stimulate those ambitions by open
ing to them all possible opportunities.
Their example will demonstrate that no
man debases himself by lifting up his
neighbor from ever so low a level, i
"They will also be able to show that,
even supposing the average negro not
to be able to reach the level of the' av
erage white man, the negro may reach
a much higher level than he now occu
pies, and that, for his own good as well
as the good of society, he should be
brought up to as high a level as ho can
reach; and further, that the negro race
has not only, since emancipation, accu
mulated an astonishing amount of prop
erty nearly 3800,000,000 worth In
farms, houses and various business es
tablishmentsbut has also produced not
a. few eminent men, eminent in lltera
tue, In medicine,, in law, In mathemat
ics, in theology, in educational work, in
art, in mechanics exceptional colored
men, to be sure, but eminent men are
exceptional in any race who have
achieved their success under conditions
so difficult and disheartening as to en
courage the belief that they, might have
accomplished much more, and that many
more such men would have come forth,
had their environment been more just
and the opportunities more favorable.
"They would be able to banish the
preposterous bugbear of 'social equal
ity which frightens so many otherwlso
sensible persons. In spite of the evident
truth of Abraham Lincoln's famous say
ing that if he respected and advocated
Advice to the Lovelorn
BY BEATRICE WAIST AX.
Dear Miss Fairfax: I am a young girl
18 years of. age. and I am very much Hi
love with young man, about five years
my senior, who I know cares for me, as
far as actions and words are concerned,
hi, h nuatlon is this: He Is calling
on a friend of mine, nd I think they keep
company. He nas not proposea to ner,
and nothing of a marriage has ever been
said between them. I know If he would
see me oftener than he does, he would
learn to love me. Shall I continue to
encourage this young man? As I have
no parents whom I could confide In, I'
shall take your advice.
MAYBELL G. CLARK.
I think you will find if he goes to see
the other girl more often .than he does
to see you, he probably cares more for
he. Men do pretty much what they most
want to -in cases of that kind. You would
not be acting fairly towards your friend
if you tried to get the man away from
her, . ' '
Dear Miss Fairfax: I am a young lady
of 25 and am keeping company with ft
young mn five years my Junior. 1 love
him dearly, and I am sure he loves me,
but my friends do not seem to approve
of my going with him on account of the
differences in our ages, and bother me
about the same continually, saying that
the difference in age is surely going to
make an unhappy marriage and that I
would be sorry, for not taking their ad
vice and giving him up. Kindly advise
me what to do in this respect; also en
lighten me why such a difference In age
Is likely to make an unhappy marlage.
, ... ... .. M. S. C. ,
Did yeu ever hear the saying, "A wo
man Is as old as she looks and a man Is
as old as he feels?"' When you ara a wo-,
man of 30 your husband would be only 35,
little more than a boy; you would look
and feel older than. he. A boy ot 2Moes
,not always know his ewn mica; he may.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 2. 1904
the Negro Question
the Just rights of the black man it did
not follow that he must therefore take
a black woman for his wife, '
"They might at the tame time punc- i
ture those curious exaggerations of that
dread of 'social equality' which exhibit
themselves in such childish follies as
the attempt to. make a heroine out of
a silly hotel chambermaid Who thought
she did a proud thing In refusing to
make Booker T. Washington's bed.
"They- may expose to the proper
pathological light j the hysterics which,
seemed to unsettle the minds of a great ,
many people when the. president greeted
at his table the same distinguished cit
iEen, who had already, been received by
Queen Victoria at tea. at Windsor Castle,
and. who is known and admired through
out the civilized world as a man. of exi
traordlnary- merit, but whose presence
at the president's board was .frantically .
denounced as an Insult, to every white
citizen of this republic, and as a dan
gerous blow at American civilization.
"They may with great effect describe
how civilized mankind : would have
laughed at the American gentleman who
might have refused to sit at table with
Alexander Dumas, the eider, one of the.
greatest novelists of all ages and - a
most charming conversationalist .'and
companion, for the reason that Dumas'
grandmother had been a negress .and
Dumas himself roust therefore, bt"
sternly excluded from polite society as
a .'ntgger.X-.;: U;.' '.v--.'" VV'',j.
"To the lofty people 'who, for fear ot
compromising their own dignity, scorn
to address' ft Colored man as. Mr. or a
colored woman : as Mrs. or Miss, they
would give something to think by re
minding them of the stateliest .gentle
man ever produced by America, a man
universally reverenced, a, Virginian, who,
wnen-a negreciB, unu aiavi, iw, uuu
dedicated to him some complimentary
verses, wrote het an elaborate ,: and '
gravely polite letter of thanks, address- -ing
her as 'Miss Phyllis' ftod subscrib
ing himself 'with great, respect your
obedient humble servant George Wash
ington.' , - , .
"They will appeal to Southern chiv
alry, a sentiment which does hot consist
merely in the impulse to rush ' with
knightly ardor to the rescue of well
born ladles in distress, but rather in a
constant readiness to embrace the cause
of right and justice in behalf ot the
lowliest as well as the highest, in de
fense of the weak against the strong.
and this all the more willingly as the
lowliest stand most In need of knightly
help; and as in the service of Justice
the spirit of chivalry will shine all the
more brightly, the harder the task and
the more unselfish the effort. : V
"In this way such a body of high
minded and enlightened Southerners
may gradually succeed In convincing
even many of the . most prejudiced of
their people that white Ignorance and
lawlessness are just as bad and dan
gerous as black ignorance and lawless
ness; that black patriotism, integrity,
ability. Industry, usefulness, good cit
izenship and publio spirit are Just as
good and as much entitled to respect and
reward as capabilities and virtues of
the same name among whites; that
the rights of the white man under the
constitution are no more sacred than
those Of the black man; that neither
white nor black can override tho rights
of the other without eventually endan
gering his own; and that the negro
question can finally be settled, so as to
stay settled only on the basis of the
fundamental law of the land as it
stands, by fair observance of that law
and not by any tricky vclrcumvention of
It. . Such a campaign for truth and Jus-,
tice. carried on, by the high-minded and
enlightened Southerners, without any
party spirit rather favoring the view
that whites as well as blacks should
divide their votes according to their
Inclinations between different political
parties will promise the desired result
In the same measure as it is carried on
with gentle, patient and persuasive dig
nity, but also with that unflinching
courage which is, above all things,
needed to assert that r. 'St important
freedomthe freedom ot inquiry and
discussion against traditional and deep
rooted prejudice a courage which can
be daunted neither by the hootings of
the mob nor by the supercilious Jeers
of fashionable society, but goes stead
ily on doing Ha work with indomitable
tenacity of purpose, .
', "These suggestions are submitted for
canaia consiaerauun, a yviunnm vuv
one of the ways in which the. South may
solve the most difficult of her problems
entirely by her own efforts; and thus
reach the only solution that will stand
in accord with the fundamental prin
ciples ..of democratic government.
, "Will it be said that what I Offer is1
more a diagnosis than a definite remedy?
It may appear so. But th.s Is one of
the problems which defy complete solu
tion and can only i be rendered less
troublesome. ; It csn certainly not be
quickly and conclusively solved by
drastic legislative. , treatment, which
might rather prove apt to irritate than
to cure., What is done by legislation
can usually be undone by legislation,
and is therefore liable to become sub
ject to. the chances of party warfar.
The slow process of propitiating publio
sentiment, while trying our patience,
promises after all the most durable re
sults." . ...''' '
rhanre utterly by the time h Is 30, and
you might be very unhappy. It would be
runing a great risk, but it you reaiiy love
each other I suppose you will, brave all
and chance it.
.-Dear Miss Fairfax: Will you kindly
advise ma what to do In a case such as I .
wil state to you. -
I have been going with a young lady for
about a year, going to see her about once
every two s weeks, and on the night
she knew I was going to see her she was
not in. but had gone out to a concert.
.The next time I met her she said that
she had forgotten that I was to call on
that night and seemed to feel very bsd
that she had treated me so. J '
I think ft great deal of her, and do you
think that I should go with her again?
Would you also be so kind as to tell me
what would be a suitable present for her
on Christmas? , F. Y, B.
It seems to me that If you cared very
much for her you would call more often
than once In two weeks. I don't won
der she forgot you were coming. If you
want her to keep you In mind go and see
her mor.e often; If you don't some 'other
man will, and you, will lose aer. Send
her a book, ft picture, some flowers or a.
box of candy at Xmas. : ; . v
A TUQKT ur ASTAITO.
From the New York Tribune.
The Lebaudy airship, in its recent
trial between Paris and Molsson, a dis
tance of about 60 miles, showed a docile
dlrlglbllity, giving it the; palm among
balloons, and its screw propeller, work-.
Ing up to a maximum of a thousand rev
olutions a minute, enabled it to make
headway against moderate .winds and
choose its own course and return. The
ship, after two hours of successful sail"
ing and maneuvering;, came duly .back
to its own shed, and dropped down be
fore the door, like ft dove returning to
its cote. It has since suffered damage
and been nearly destroyed in other ex
periments, but the sucees of the one re
ferred to is a step forward In aeron- :
delicate and difficult practice, :