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About The morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1899-1930 | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1908)
THE MORNING ASTORIAN, ASTORIA, OREGON.
SUNDAY. MAY 31, 3008.
ADDRESS OF SECRETARY TAFT
(Continued from page 1)
foundation and maintenance of this
nation's life will always be associated
with those of Washington and Lm
join. The character of Grant as develop
ed by the war and as necessary to the
result was as remarkable in its way,
rnniderinr his nrevious history as
was that of Lincoln.
It is true that Grant received an
education at West Point, but certainly
nothing was developed there in him
to indicate his fitness and ability to
meet great responsibilities. He did
well in the Mexican War as did other
lieutenants. He manifested as reel
mental quartermaster energy and fa
niiliaritv with his duties. Hut in 1854
. he resigned from the army because he
iad to. He has viewed to the weaK
ness of a taste for strong drink and
rather than be court-martialed he left
the army. He returned from Van
couver on the Pacific Coast to his
family at St. Louis without money,
without propertva disheartened
man. He accepted from his father-in-law
a loan of 75 acres of land upon
which he constructed a house for his
famly to live and there he carried on
fanning operations. His chief business
seemed to be that of selling wood, of
ft I to
Cards of Candidates in
the Coming Election
For United States Senator
H. M. Cake
Justice Supreme Court
Robert S. Bean
Oregon Food & Dairy
J. W. Bailey
Commissioner of Railroads
Clyde B. lAitchi
son Prosecuting Attorney
E. B. Tongue
C. A. Leinen
weber John C. McCue
'Jor County Commissioner
For County Commissioner
Fred H. Moore
For County Clerk
J. C. Clinton
For County Sheriff
M. R. Pomeroy
For County Assessor
T. S. Cornelius
For County Treasurer
W. A. Sherman
For County Surveyor
G. F. Parker
For County Coroner
J. A. Gilbaugh
For Justice of the Peace
P. J. Goodman
cuttinii it and piling it in the bac
vards of the well-to-do people of St
Louis. Alter six years of this lit'
he gave up farming because of
health and went to the real eslat
business for a year, lie failed
this. His associate dissolved th
Dartnershii). Then at last his fathe
offered him $600 a year as a clerk in
his leather store at Galena, 111,, and
thence he moved from St, Louis. H
worked there for a year also. Dur
inn these seven years, though every
thing looked dark, he overcame in a
great measure his weakness for strong
drink. Hut he was so constituted mat
it seemed impossible for him to earn
a livlihood even when he had given
hostages to fortune in the shape of a
we and four children.
Then the Civil War came on.
Grant had never been a dreamer ot
possible military glory. He had gone
to West Point because it offered him
an opportunity tor advancement; of
fered him an opportunity tor an euu
cation. He did not like the lite at
West Point and while he seemed in
the Mexican War to be well adapted
to the command of men, to be well
adapted to the duty of quartermaster
he never hau ttiat vanning military
ambition that present in the character
of Napoleon and other military lead
ers. He tendered his services at the
beffinninir of the war merely front a
sense of duty and obligation for his
education, rus naving oecn a siu
dent at West Point and a regular
army officer necessarily brought him
to the front when military training
and experience were m such great de
mand. He modestly suggested in his
letter to the adjutant-general at Wash
ington that he believed he -was fitted
to command a regiment, fie never
gave evidence of military ambition
He visited Cincinnati seekiiv to be
come the start omcer ot .Mccieiian,
but in vain. And then by great luck he
was made the colonel of the 21st 1 111
nois by Gov. Yates.
From that time he took command
of that regiment until the surrender
of Appomattox his life was one well
directed, well planned eftort to sup
press the rebellion, irotn time on
his constant quest to tind and tight
the enemy. Beginning with the bat
tle of Belmont he was always in the
held and always seeking the Confed
erate forces, though in the West he
suffered as did the western generals
from the interference of the war de
partment and the paper stragetist like
Halleck and the freedom of his move
ments were curtailed and his constant
activity restrained by timidity and
jealousy of his superior officers. But
in spite of all of this he pressed on
and by victories he won he compelled
the war department to give him a
freer hand. Fort Henry, Fort Donel
son and Shiloh were victories that
shone like stars in the darkness of the
defeats of other Union commanders,
and although in disgrace for a short
period he finally was put in command
of the army charged with the duty
taking Mick5burg and he took it
Then followed the great battle of
Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge,
alter which he was called to Washing
ton, made lieutenant-general and com
mander of the entire army of the
United States. Then for the first
time, he came against Lee and for a
year he measured swords with that
great military leader of the South
who ultimately succumbed and sur
rendered to him the Army of North
ern Virginia at Appomattox.
It is not to be questioned that
Grant's abilities to command devel
oped with his increased experience. It
is not to be questioned that his suc
cess depended too upon the resources
of the North that furnished him men
and equipment, but in war as in other
things in life as in all hi.itory merit
is determined by the event, and it
was Oram who lea the armies and in
fused his life into their leadership. It
was Grant that finally subdued the
Rebellion. At one time it was cus
tomary to criticise Grant's campaign
ing and to intimate that his knowledge
of military strategy was not such as
to jurtify a comparison of . him with
Lee and other generals. Grant had a
very broad conception ot t!ie work
which the North had before it in sub
duing the South. He had an oppor
tunity in his life to know the South
ern people and discriminate in respect
to them so as to understand that while
they talked a great deal they could
also do a great deal. He believed the
only way of subduing the rebellion
was by lighting the armies ot the re
bellion and that after all the contests
between the two parts of this nation
was a contest of resources of men
and of wealth. In the end it proved
to be so. His judgment was vindi
cated. Jt is said that Grant was not
a man ot military genius. It is diffi
cult to define what genius is. Some
describe it as the capacity for taking
infinite pains. If so Grant was a
genius. Halleck was a great authority
of military science and grand strategy
and he never planned a campaign un
less, like a lawyer with his precedents,
he could turn to the page of the mili
tary text book and justify his plan by
a reference to a battle of Caesar, Na
poleon or Frederick. Had he been
able to participate in Grant's plan for
the taking of Vieksburg he would cer
tainly have prevented it, and yet, in
comparing the strategic ability of
Grant with that of other generals it
can truly be said that there is no
campaign in the Civil War that show
ed more originality, greater celerity
of movement, better calculation of op
posing forces and more effective re
sults than the one beginning with the
capture of Grand Gulf, continued by
the battles of Jacksonville, Cham
pions Hill and th Big Hlack, and end
ing with the surrender of Vieksburg.
Equally well wrought out, though not
so difficult of execution were the bat
tles of Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge
and Lookout Mountain. We are told
by those who know that Grant was
exceedingly familiar with all the cam
paigns of great military leaders; that
his memory was retentive and his in
terest in the science was great. But
he had sufficient common sense, he
had a sufficient real irrasp of military
problems, ' he had sufficient under
standing of the conditions under
which previous campaigns had been
fought and which he had to fiaht to
exercise original free thought, and to
free himself from the bonds of mili
tary precedent Grant was a man of
such a sensitive nature that he could
not even bear to see animals subjected
to pain. And yet his conception of
war and its necessities was so clear
that the dreadful losses sustained by
him in the Wilderness, at Spottsyl
vania and at Cold Harbor ami in the
other campaigns against Lee did not
turn hint from his purpose or lead
him to change his plan which he had
deliberately formed of wearing Lee
out and by constant hammering of
ending the army of Northern Vir
ginia, His purpose was at the cost which
the Northern Army was able to stand,
to indict losses upon the Southern
army which in the end meant its de
struction. A calculation of the losses
which the army of the Potomac sus
tained during the first three years of
the war showed them to have been
far greater than those sustained by
Grant during his eanmaiens of '64
and '65 against Lee and it is cer
tainly not loo much to say that' had
Grant's military career as a general
begun in the east as it began in the
west the war would have been length
ened out to a full four years. The
tenactity with which Grant conduct
ed his caninaigus, the speed with
which he executed his plank and the
promptness with which he was on
hand next morning with a force able
to fight alter a drawn battle, if put
in practice the army of the I'otonuc
during the first three years of the war
would certainly have brought about
an earlier termination. Grant s idea
of a war was a tight and a series of
battles and his t theory of winning vic
tories was that the side which was
first ready the nturning after the bat
tle to resume it would win in the end.
The greatness of the man was seen
in his willingness to assume responsi
bilities and Iiis power of standing the
strain when defeat and disaster seem
ed to threaten the success of his
dans and to indicate their weakness.
It was then having determined on
what his -dan .should be. he stuck to
it and pushed it through in the face of
all opposition and vindicated his
judgment by ultimate success, lie was
etirely willing to receive advice but
his decision was his own.
Another quality he had as a ereat
military commander was the nower
to select competent subordinates and
of instilling into them confidence in
him and his purposes, which almost
insured success. The men he esnec-
ially selected were Sheridan, Sherman,
McPherson, Rawlins and Logan and
how well they justified his choice.
When he came east he suffered from
in absence ot that mutual understand
ing between commander-in-chief and
subordinate commanders that had
been of such value to him in his
The history of Grant's relation
those of his subordinates to whom he
gave confidence and whom he ha
himsell selected is a fascinating on
me relations wnicn existed betwee
him and Sherman, it is pleasant to
dwell upon, i he utter absence
jealousy between him and the pleas
tire wnicn each took in the successe
of the other are as delightful as the
V..OUK1 anything be more uniciuc
, , ...
man tne history ot bherman s writin
long protest to the War Depart
ment against the wisdom of the cam
paign east of Vieksburg, which easily
tne greatest strategic success of the
war and brant s pigeon-holing am
returning to Sherman the protest af
er the campaign was won. Then
Sherman's letter to Grant when Grant
was appointed to command of th
army, his expressions of admiration
and confidence, all make us think
more of our human kind, because we
encounter so frequently the small
jealousies between the great which
sometimes are permitted to interfere
with the succssfu progress of event
in the crises of our national life.
'I he love that existed between
(rant and Sheridan is another enobl
ing relation that it is pleasant to con
template. 1 he mutual confidence
which each reposed in the other and
was so abundantly justified, furnishes
another instance of the course of true
friendship between the great in which
no yellow spot of jealousy touches
One characteristic of Grant
shown in a letter which Lincoln wrote
concerning him in which he says with
respect to previous genera s. his ex
perieiice had been such that he always
expected after a general had been ao
pointed to hear from him that a great
many things were needed in the army
which he knew that Lincoln was not
able to give him and that this was
followed by the .statement that if he
had those things, then he could win
the victory. He said Grant differed
from the other generals in this re
sped, that he took what he had and
went ahead and with those things he
did what he could and what was to be
done, lie gave an instance: he said
he had 15,1)1X1 cavalrymen at Har
pers 1'erry without horses. He had
attempted to t horses and could
not secure them. Previously generals
had said to him that if they could
have had that la 01)0 cavalry they
could accomplish great thinars and
win a victory. -What Grant said was
With your authority I will arm these
men and make them infantrymen or
i win sen tnein home.
The magnificent mausoleum on the
'rand site upon the beautiful river
furnishes such'a hero a fit' ing resting
place. May it forever remain to in
spire his countrymen to oalriotir
thoughts and ertorts.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Hairs Always Booghl
Signature of C'TS
rM acq r rn AnwrDT
mmml-m I I I Umm
WANTED GOOD MAN IN EVERY
locality; good pay; experience un
necessary to represent large real
estate organization, write today. R. F,
Loos Co,, Des Moines, Iowa.
GIRL WANTED FOR GENERAL
housework in small family. Apply
420 Exchange Street. 5-26-tf,
WA NT ED B ET WE EN JUNE 1ST
and 15th, a furnished house for the
summer; good, careful tenant. Ad
dress II. G. Smith, care Warren
Packing Co,, city.
FOR SALE, OR USE-The black
stallion Prime Albert, now quar
tered at the barns of the Sherman
Transfer Co., is for sale, or for use.
Apply to John L Johnson, owner, at
the barn. S-6-3w,
FOR SALE-REAL ESTATE.
FOR SALE-LOCKSLEY HALL
Hotel, Seaside, Or.; this beautiful
spot under the pines and overlooking
the ocean is for sale; best money
making property in the West; over
100 rooms; modern in every way.
For particulars apply to Mrs. L. A.
Carlisle on premises.
FOR SALE-FARM CONTAINING
160 acres, at Svensen; 1 mile from
railroad; also cows, horses and farm
implements. For particulars address
Mrs. Mary Nenti, Svensen, Or.
LOST AND FOUND.
LOST-ON OR NEAR FRANKLIN
avenue an O. A. C. leather fob, with
gold ring attached. Return to As
torian; reward. 5 29-3t.
LOST-ON Commercial street, a
Canadian coin fob. Return to As-
torian; reward. S-29-3t.
FOR RENT -TWO FURNISHED
housekeeping rooms. 425 Duane
FOR RENT ROOMS SUIT
able for housekeeping for small
family. Apply Van Dusen, 119 11th
FOR -RENT-KITCHEN & DIN
ing room of hotel during summer.
Address Box 48, llwaco, Wh. 5-29-6t.
FOR RENT THREE UNFUR
nished housekeeping rooms; elec
tric lights and water. Apply 10th
and Bond, Opp. Occident Hotel.
CORNER NINTH AND DUANE.
Board $5.00 and up. 5-9-tf.
THE BEST INVESTMENT IN
Oregon todaya piece of irrigated
land will double your money quick.
Near market; no residence required;
easy terms. Address Astorian W.
FREDR1CKSON BROS.-We make
a specialty of house moving, car
penters, contractors, general jobbing;
prompt attention to all orders. Cor
ner Tenth and Duane streets.
J i J M1 UlL-l"". JI-LLJ.I 'LJl
Notice to Public.
Work on the Young's Bay bridge
will be commenced Wednesday, June
the bridge will be closed for travel
every day from 7:30 a. m. until 5:30
m. except Wednesdays and Satur
days, when bridge will be open for
travel on the afternoons only.
BIRCH & JACOBSON,
Do You Wear
We sell the kind, that wear longest
and look the best .
The Dr. A Rccd
We handle a special line of
Give us a trial.
S. A. GIMRE
543 Bond St., op. Ross, Higgins & Co.
hr r mW W mwm
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
CHARLES H. ADERCROMDIE
City Attorney Offices: City Hill
JOHN C. McCUE
Deputy District Attorney.
Tage Building Suite 4.
HOWARD M. BROWNELL
Office with Mr. J. A. Eakin, a. 420
Commercat St., Astoria.
DOCTORS PRESCRIBING MAS
sage, call Olga Landen, Finnish
masseuse, Pythian bldg., Commercial
DR. RHODA C. HICKS
Office Mansell Bldg. Phone Black 206S
5i"3 Commercial St.. Astoria, Ore.
Pythian Building, Astoria, Oregon
DR. W. C. LOGAN
Commercial St. Shanahan Bldg.
351 Bond Street
Opposite Ross, Higgins & Co.
Coffee with Pie or Cake 10 Cts.
Regular Meals 15 Cts. and Up.
U. S. RESTAURANT.
434 Bond Street
Coffee with Pie or Cake, 10 Cts.
First-Class Meals, 15 Cts.
12th St.,' Below Commercial
Short Orders and Oysters at
All Hours. 1 he Best the
Fresh Oyers always on hand from
one pint op.
77 Ninth St., near Bond
Fresh and Salted Fish.
Game and Pouliry.
Groceries, Produce and Fruit
Imported and Domestic
P. Bakotitch & Feo, Proprs.
Fkoc Red 183
HOT OR COLD
CLOSSET & DEVERS,
JU ST A R R I VE D
25c and 35c Each
liildebrand & Gor
Old Bee Hive Bldg.
I mf mm III Wmm I I Wf
J. A. (IILIIAKJII & CO.,
Undertaker itiitt KitiliuImerM.
l'2ii(irU'iM'tHt Liuly AttxUtmit
W lin DeftlriMl.
Cull Promptly Attended Dny
or Night. '
Tiitton lUlg. 12tltftiil DtiiuioHt
ANTOKIA. Olt&dON H
fhoito Malum 11
kI:'f Hr s
Night Boat for Portland and
Leaves Astoria daily except Sunday
at 7 p. m.
Leaves Portland Daily except Sonaay
at 7 a. m.
Quick Service Excellent Meals
Landing Astoria Flavel Wharf.
Landing Portland Foot Taylor tt
J. J. DAY, Agent
Phone Main 2761.
DR. C- GEE ITO
Who is kaowi
, throughout the United
1 fltAfoa .Al.lt. A J
Ms wonderful oum.
No polont or drugs used. lis guna
tees to cure esUrrh, lUhms, lung ud
Ihrost trouble, rheumatism, nrroufoM,
stonuwh, liver and kidngr. female tea
plslntt and all ehronio dlasM.
SUCCESSFUL HOME TREATMENT.
If you eaonot call write for tymptoa
blank and circular, Inclosing a oenU h
THE C. GEE WO MIDICTKI CO.
1121 First St., Corner Morrhwn.
Please mention th Astoriaa.
inose Jfteated Bosom Shirts
The kind known by dressy men
the summer, are difficult artM.. U
launder nicely. Unless you know just
how to do it, the front pleats won't
iron down smooth, and the shirt
front will look mussy. Our New
Press Ironer irons them without
rolling or stretching. Try It
Tenth and Duane. Phone Main 1991
Heating Contractor, Tinner
Sheet Iron Worker
LL WORK GUARANTEED
- 425 Bond Street
WINES AND LIQUORS.
Eagle concert Hall
(320 Astor Street)
Rooms for rent by the dav. wlr .
month. Best rates in tA,
P. A. PETERSON, Prop.
... W TW Urn
irieT ' " ''
The Vermont Dairy
I am prepared to furnish pure milk
and cream. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Phone 14 Farmers line.
W J. INGALLS.