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About The morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1899-1930 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 17, 1904)
ASTORIA, OREGON, TrWftsMt, NOVEMBER' 17, 1904.
Cl)c inornino Jlstorian
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FAREWELL TO A GHOST. . , .
It is a distinct pain for American trade and in
dustry that the ghost of a presidential campaign
injuring trade has finally been "laid," says the New
York Commercial. It took the campaign of 1904 to
fully accomplish this task, but this it has done, and
very impressively. Not only was there no justifiea:
tion for sneh a ghost, but the more than busy and
prosperous American people have been rushing about
so, trying to keep up with the general hustle of busi
ness activity, that they left the ghost no room for a
parade. . 4 " - .
In 1000 there was a decided sa? in general trade
in the midst of the presidential campaign, and the
croakers came out in full force. But as that par
ticular sag was found to have been quite general in
Europe at the same time especially in England,
France and Germany the calamity-croakers were
unheeded by the wise.
It remained, however, for 1904 to develop a period
of almost unexampled prosperity in all lines of in
dustrial and commercial activity. "While 1900 was a
year to engender skepticism as to the appearance of
the ghost, 1904 has dissipated it entirely and even
raised the question if a presidential campaign may
not yet come to be considered a trade "mascot."
It is interesting to note that this bugaboo had an
apparent excuse for existence away back in 1836
when a season of presidential campaigning was fol
lowed by the panic year of 1857, in which nearly
5000 business failures and about $300,000,000 of lia
bilities made our then much smaller and poorer coun
try search for a hoodoo in every unusual event of
the previous year or two. ' ,
he campaign of 1860 followed by the failures in
cident to the breaking out of civil war naturally did
nothing to dissipate the injured-trade bugaboo. In
1864, however, there were only 530 failures with
$8,000,000 of liabilities in the entire country; and
1868 and 1872 disclosed no abnormal financial
troubles. Since then the presidential year 1884 was
a depressing trade period, while 1892 was a prosper
ous one. In 1896 we had not recovered from the
speculative financial stress of two or three years' con
tinuance. How slight, however, have been the rea
sons for ascribing to campaign years any inherent
diabolism is seen by a glance at the record of half a
The truth is that, instead of diverting Americans
from their usual duties, the campaigns, may easily
stimulate them ; and on the acknowledged axiom that
it is the busiest people who "find time to do things,"
campaigns beget an alertness of business instincts
and desires that keeps the bands playing and the
firework going all down the line of business progress
from June to December. In other words, American
business men know how to fulfill their political re
sponsibilities without neglecting business opportuni
ties. . . ," -
the faet that in 1900 the vote for Doha in the entire
county of Cook was only 6752, while in the election
of 1904 the city of Chicago aloi jtives him more than
40,(HH) votes. When Chicago ceases pandering to all
elements, or to any element, without regard to the
character of the element, in the mad ambition to excel
all other cities in the one matter of population, the
Inter Ocean w ill not feel it a duty to regret the char
aeter of advertisement given to Chicago.
RUSSIA TOO MUCH ON DEFENSIVE.
Iu conducting retreats under difficult circum
stances the Russians in Manchuria have shown skill
and eudurance, but have not met reasonable expecta
tions in. offensive tactics. Their encroachments in
Eastern Asia called for a policy of vigorous attack
in case of war, but they have been on the defeusive.
from the outset, except in the recent great battle o
Mukden, iu which they speedily got the worst of it.
It is quite possible that Kuropatkiu's preceding
series of retreats were partly with a view to make an
eventual rapid advance in force, but when the time
came for the execution of the plan the Japanese
themselves attacked and broke the enemy's right
wing. The initiative was lost by the Russians al
most as soon as attempted.
It has been said that after a Russian soldier is
killed it is necessary to knock him olT his feet. For
dogged obedience to orders the Russian private
could have no superior, but he is absolutely a ma
chine, measured in movement aud slow in percep
tion. The Japanese army, in its divisions and units.
is far more adaptively intelligent and "alive." Much
is said of the prolonged struggle at Tort Arthur, but
it must be remembered that the defenses there are a
great chain of forts on commanding positions. When
one fort is taken all the others, with exact knowledge
of its physical features and range, can open fire on it.
Sevastopol fell when two forts were successfully as
saulted after a siege of eleven months. General
Stoessel has accomplished nothing extraordinary at
Port Arthur so far.
o Swell Togs
g For Men.
V I. -.'
P. A. STOKES
CHICAGO AND SOCIALISM.
The Chicago Inter Ocean says: !'That over 40,
000 votes should have been cast in this city to make
such a man as Eugene V. Debs president of the
United States is about the worst sort of advertise
ment that Chicago could receieve." But whose is
the fault, if it be not the fault of Chicago ? asks the
Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. Press and public
officials of that city have persistently given themselves
to the fallacy that the true test of a city is in its
population. To .that fallacy all sound proposition
of municipal government and municipal prosperity
and advance have been sacrificed.
The Inter Ocean proceeds, apologetically, to say
that the 40,000 votes are not so deplorable because
Debs is a" socialist, but because of the kindof so
cialism for which he stands. The apology is irf line
with the policy which the press and the public official
of Chicago have pursued, and still pursue. Debs re
ceieved the 40,000 votes in Chicago not because of
any peculiarity in his socialism, but because Chicago
is one of the strongholds of socialism and other fads,,
follies and fancies, none of the number tending to
the general good of the municipality nor of the coun
try. The effects of the belief that in numbers the real
test of municipal superiority is to be found, and that
invitations ought to be sent broadcast to all sorts of
men to become citizens of Chicago, is evidenced in
The New York Times, which during the campaign
was one of the most unsparing critics of President
Roosevelt and most ardent supporters of Judge Par
ker, concludes, after examining the election returns
that his election is the culmination up to the present
time of one of the most remarkable careers known
to our history. "Whatever those who opposed his
election," says the Times, "may believe as to the is
sues involved in the contest and his relations to them,
none can deny tha- convincing evidence his earwr
affords of great personal ability, profound knowl
edge of the temper and purpose of the American peo
ple, an extraordinary hold upon their confidence and
admiration, and an almost unprecedented command
of the elements of success in a democratic nation. No
career more striking and impressive has been attained
in our time and really in any times save those of revo
lution." This is a frank acknowledgment of the secret of
the avalanche of Republican votes polled a week ago
today, says Tuesday's Ledger. That it was Roose
velt's personal strength and popularity that swept
the country is evident enough from the fact that
several Democratic candidates for governor were
elected in states which Roosevelt carried by large
pluralities. Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Col
orado are some of the states which elected Demo
cratic governors, but rolled up substantial majorities
for Roosevelt. It was not Parker's unpopularity, or
the breach in the Democratic party, that made Roose
velt's triumph so complete. It was the dominating
force of Roosevelt's personality and unprecedented
popularity, a positive force, and not a negative ele
ment on the other side, than won the day.
If anyone is' seeking a lesson from the unparal
leled events of Tuesday last, let him consider this:
Says the Baltimore Evening Herald. ,
In the nation Roosevelt, Republican, won because
of his positive personality, his unconquerable optim
ism, his prodigious interest in the live things of his
In Missouri Folk, Democrat, won because of his
fighting qualities, his war on crime, his militant
In the Third district of Maryland, Wachter, Re
publican, won because of his aggressive character, his
tried integrity, his large capacity for doing things.
In Massachusetts Douglas, Democrat, won because
he was a man of push and principle, a worker for re
sults and a candidate who meant what he said.
It is plain that American voters want the positive
type of man in office, and this kind of man will get
their votes, whether he be Republican or Democrat.
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" JU J"J""nr ''" YYY ' ''""J"J 'r'r"r""""""J'"n'r'nir'r'nn .
In the face of the tremendous landslide for Theo
dore Roosevelt, caused by his personal popularity
and by public confidence in his administration, Gov
ernor Peabody of Golorago was defeated for re-election
in that state by Alva Adams, Democrat. Pea
body has been responsible for the reign of lawless
ness under the name of law during the past year.
His fate shows that the American people are always
ready to rebuke the attempted destruction of their
rights and the oppression of American citizens.
Copyright I 904 by
Hart Schaffner 6? Marx
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P. A. STOKES
HOW PEACE MAY COME.
Plain and Ssnsible Statement of Cat,
by th, Sattla P. I.
The thing which make, for pence In
the fur eiiHt, notwithstanding that Rus
sia proteases to be unwilling to do any
thing tave to continue the struggle, la
that there la no upparent victory for
either aide. Russia cannot conquer
Japan: Japan cannot conquer Russia.
The utmoHt that either could gain or
keep, no matter how long the atruggle
may continue, would be the control of
Manchuria and Korea; and this would
be worth to neither a tithe of what It
la coating both, aave that In Japan'a
cane, the exclusion o f Russia from
Manchuria would Insure her against
being a victim of future Russian aggressions.
The present war has come to a sub
stantial Impasse. Japan may drive
Russia further back, even to Harbin,
but soon or late the point will be
reached beyond which Russia cannot
be driven, because she can secure re
inforcements and supplies faster than
Japan can do the same. Such a strug
gle can last for years or until the re
sources of both combatants, In men
and money, are completely exhausted
and both countries reduced to poverty
It Is not necessary for this point to be
reached. If the statesmen of both coun
tries are wlae, patriotic and alive to
the Intereata of their own people. So
far, the majority of the wisdom, pa
trlotlsm and common sense seem to
be on the Japanese side, but Russia
may develop aome. If she does, the
war will be settled.
NATIONAL CIVIC FEDERATION.
Employes' Loan Funds th. Most At
New Tork. Nov. 16. A special
meeting of welfare committees of the
National civic federation has been h'ld
here to consider means of protecting
corporation employes from fonn
sharks. H. ). Vroeland, president of
the Metropolitan street railway sy
stem; Bllns McCormlck of Chicago:
li. J. Oreenhut, Nathan Straus, Charles
Hurlburt, of Chicago; R. D. Danforth
of Rochester and Horace Parley of
Doston, were among those present.
Controller Rlebenack of the Pennsyl.
vanla railroad company road a paper
on th, pension system among that
railroad's employes. The greatest In
terest however, was shown In paper
by Mr. Parley on "loans to employee,"
describing a plan by which the work
era themselves contributed to a, fund
for emergency loans. Thta fund, he
aald, belonged to the workers and le
clared dividend at the end of each
year. The plnn wna working success
fully In several locatlca, h said.
Mr. YreaJand said that the Metro
politan street railroad company had
been considering the question of loon
funds for Its employes to save them
from becoming the victims of loan
sharks. Definite plana are expected
to grow out of the meeting and will be
formulated at a Utter session.
Diseased Cletslala Return.
Son Francisco, Nov. 16. Eleven Jap
anese and six Chinese, who arrived re
cently on the steamer Manchuria, have
been denied a landing by the United
States Immigrant bureau because they
were afflicted with trachoma, a contag
ious disease of the eye lids. This Is the
greatest number having this disease
that has ever arrived her, by any on
vessel. n -
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