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About The morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1899-1930 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1904)
PAQJS TTTO. i THB KORNIKG ABTOBIAX, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, 1904.
THE MOENING ASTOEI AN.
, ij mail, per year $8 00
By mail, per month 50
By carriers, per mouth 60
THE SEMI-WEEKLT ASTOltlAX.
By mail, per year, iu advance $1 00
ASTORIAN PUBLISHING COMPANY.
MEMBERS OP CONGRESS.
"Why send errand boys, not statesmen to eon
grass!" is a question that the San Francisco Bulletin
asks and interestingly answers. The Bulletin can
see no merit in the constitutional provisions of many
of the states requiring a congressman to be a resident
of the district from which he is elected, contending
that the practice has made congress more of a mes
senger service than meeting place for statesmen.
Says our San Francisco contemporary :
Fault is found, not unreasonably, with that pro
vision of the constitutions of many of the states
which requires members of the house of representa
tives to reside in the districts which they severally
represent. Bryee contrasts the American system
with the English system in this respect, and his find
ings, are very positively in favor of the English sys
tem which permits a constituency to elect any man it
wishes, no matter where he resides, provided he is
willing. Gladstone, for instance, ejected by one
constituency, had only to propose himself in another
where his party had a reliable majority. In Eng
land, therefore, it is impossible by gerrymandering
or by any other political tricks to shut a first-rate
man out of the legislative body. His party is always
able to have him returned to parliament from one
place or another so that his experience and talent
may be available for the party. The English con
stituencies have no sentiment in favor of a resident
of the borough. They prefer an illustrious English
man to a commonplace Liverpool man or Manchester
man or Bristol man. The consequence is that all
the great minds in English politics have seats in
parliament and are not afraid that their careers in
public life may be cut short at any time by giving
offense to some political boss. .
When one district, by turning against him, can
stop a rising public man in the full tilt of his career
that man, representing the district in congress, will
naturally think more of serving the district than of
serving the country at large. He will spend his time
in getting places, pensions and similar accomodations
for his constituents and in otherwise fortifying him
self in the good will of the people of his district
Many of the representatives are little more than
messenger boys at the capital for their constituents
They busy themselves by procuring free seeds for the
farmer, in procuring copies of Congressional Records
for that lawyer, and in running on various errands
for the voters at home. Such trivial activity pre
vents the statesman from taking a national view of
his office. The tendency of the lesser and common
sort of representatives is to look upon themselves as
the special advocates of their particular districts.
They are pleased with any legislation that benefits
Buncombe county, however detrimental it may be to
the United States.
The qualification of residence in the district is
not required by law in all states, but in those states
in which the law permits the district to choose a rep
resentative residing anywhere within the state, cus
tom, as binding as any statute, decrees that the rep
resentative must come from the body of the district
Consequently, discussion of this subject is purejy
academic, for a change in the law would not be likely
to effect a change in the practice. The electors have
been trained to vote for a neighbor until it has be
come a habit. We take a parochial view of the elec
tion of representatives and we appraise a man's
achievements in congress not according to what he
has done for the nation, but according to what he
has done for the district.
There is something to be said in favor of the resi
dence qualification. At least it secures the election of
representatives who are acquainted with the con
ditions and needs of their sever? districts and who
may be held to account more ea: "!y than a stranger
by their constituents. But these two good points of
the present system do not balance the grave faults
of the system. The house of representatives, through
the operation of this system, has become a convo
cation of attorneys in fact, each representing a spec
ial interest, and has lost most of its constitutional
character as a dignified legislative assembly taking
thought for the welfare of the nation.
with Germany and that it will arise over the attempt
of the latter to defy the Monroe doctrine by colonis
ing Brazil. Already it is often asserted, there k a
large population in Brazil which is constantly being
augmented by immigration from the Fatherland, un
der the direct eneouragemeut of Emperor William
How much ground there i for apprehension on
this score may be easily guessed from the fact that
in the last 34 years less than a total of 54,000 immi
grants from Germany has settled in Brazil. Along
about 30 years ago there was a considerable move
ment of German immigrants toward Brazil for a
time a movement that was renewed about a dozen
years ago but latterly it has dwindled to almost
nothing. In 1902 only 800 German immigrants
landed in Brazil, while nearly 30,000 landed in the
United States. It is stated, also, that these German
settlers in Brazil at once became loyal supporters
of the existing government, precisely as the same
class of immigrants do in our own country.
It is interesting to note with what persistency the
stream of German immigration has flowed toward
the United States. Since 1870 Germany has sent
forth nearly 2,600,000 of her sons and daughters to
people other parts of the earth and of this number
oer 2.30,000, or more than 90 per cent, have sougnv
the shelter of the stars and stripes. This is more
significant because Germany has tried to divert the
tide of native immigration toward her South Afri
can possessions, but the utmost she has been able to
do is to send to that region less than 13,000 persons
all told. "
There is very little in such a situation to tempt
Germany to provoke war with this country over
Brazil. There is no evidence whatever that the Ger
man element in the latter country Jesires the pro
tection of the German flag, while even should Brazil
become a German colony it is not probable that the
fact would materially increase German immigration
thereto. On the other hand such an event would be
absolutely certain to provoko the native population
to rebellion and likely cause every Latin-American
country, to say nothing of the United States, to rush
to Brazil's rescue.
The German emperor may possibly be looking for
trouble, but if he is he is looking for it in only mod-
ST. LOUIS AND JAMESTOWN.
The New York Tribune contains the following
sensible editoral utterance apropos of the request of
the people of Virginia for a $3,000,000 appropria
tion for a Jamestown celebration:
"Could the many huge hotels in Manhattan, furn
ished and unfurnished, be transported by some magic
spell to the banks of the Missouri, and opened in time
for the rush to the Louisiana purchase exposition,
all the multitudes of visitors to the great show could
be provided for not only in comfort, but even in
luxury. It is to be feared from the present outlook
that at times in the course of the world's fair, par
ticularly in the week of the democratic national
convention, there will be a lack of hotel accomoda
"Encouraged with the exceeding liberality with
which the United States government has appro
priated money for the benefit of the St. Louis exhi
bition, the promoters of the plan to hold a big show
in commoration of the three hundredth anniversary
of the settlement of Jamestown are talking of an
appeal to congress for an appropriation of $3,000,000
from the federal treasury. Is it reasonable to ask
for so large a sumt May it not be prudent to wait
until the fair in St. Louis is ended and its accounts
all settled T Congress has been extravagently gen
erous to exhibitions which, as a rule, have been fail
ures financially. There were Buffalo and Omaha,
for instance; and other municipalities, north and
south, might be mentioned. How can an interna
tional exhibition in Virginia possibly secure a profit
able daily attendance! Even the national capital
would not probably furnish visitors enough to make
such an exhibition pay. With all th-j good will in
the world, the chief cities of the north and east would
never send vast throngs of sightseers to Jamestown
celebration, and the west can not be counted upon
for extensive support. The Jamestown project,
therefore, does not look as if it would achieve a nota
ble financial triumph.
Torpedoes for the destruction of vessels were first
used in the spring of 1861 by the Confederates in
the James river. In 1865 the secretary of the navy
reported that more ships had been lost by torpedo
ing than from all other causes. General Rain, chief
of the Confederate torpedo service, put the number
at 58, a greater number than has been destroyed in
all the wars since.
Nicaragua, having abandoned all hopes of secur
ing an interoceanic canal, is now planning to con
struct a railway from San Miguel ito, on the south
eastern shore of Lake Nicaragua, to Monkey Point,
on the Caribbean sea. Nicaragua has great resources
and the railroad will help to develop them.
GERMANY AND BRAZIL.
We frequently hear it stated that the next war
in which the United States will be. involved will be
The Russians will have to enter Korea in order to
sweep the Japs out of it into the sea. Kuropatkin
crossing the Yule may meet with more resistance than
crossing the Jordan.
Vcf so.u ia nothing
Pure soap is as gentle as
oil to the living skin.
Pears is the purest and
br-t toilet soap in all the
Mi tU oyw the world.
VVitneesee For Smeot Case.
Suit Uk, April J.-The TrllHine
today My: United Rotes Murehnl
Haywood ha received another bunch
of eubpoeiw for wltrweav In the
Smoot Investigation. The papers are
returnable April i. No Information li
given out m to the persona nanu'd,
even the number of eubpoentui In the
mamhal'a hajida being kept secret. It
la aald that proof of marriages con
tracted alnce the manifesto la what la
Fjtelaa BallJioj, Astoria, Oregon.
Dr. T. I. BALL
114 Commercial etreel. Aatoria Ore,
Dr. W. C. LOGAN
678 Cbamereial St , Buanahaa Building
C. J. TKENCIIARD
Inauraace, Cammlaaloc and Shipping
CUSTOMS HOUSE BROKER.
Agant Wella-Pargo and Nerthern
PaeJIo Hapreea Cora pa lea.
Car. BLKVBNTH and DOND BT8.
GIVE the BABY a RIDE!
In od of our handaoma and stylish
Hplendi.l Variety, All Utest Sty lea,
Direct from factory, Prioea Lowest.
H. H. ZAPF, The Housefurnisher
JAY TUTTLE, If. D.
rUTIICIAN AND 8 U ltd HON
Aetlag AwltUnt largaon
U.S. eterlee llplial Rervloe.
Offloe hours: II ta II a. an. 1 to 4: SO m,
4TT OaiMMroiaJ Itraat, fnd near,
Dr. IUIODA O. HICKS
Mtneell Dldg . 171 Commercial Bi
I'll ON I SLACK lute.
O. W. UAUK, DKNTIST
673 Commercial Street, Astoria, Ore
TKLKl'HONK ltEI) IHXU.
New Style Restaurant
Everything First Class. The Best the Market Affords.
Open Day and Night Good Service.
120 nth St. next door to Griffin Bros.
and adoJnlnj the Office Saloon
ANDREW ASP, BLACKSMITH.
Having Installed Rubber Tiring Uaebloe of the
latcat pattern I am prepared to do all kiadi of work
in that line at reasonable prioea. Telephone 291,
CORNER TWELFTH AND DUANE STREETS.
The Finest Hotel In the Northwest
FRESH AND CURED MEATS
Wholesale and Retail
Ships, Logging Camps and Mills supplied on short notice.
LIVE STOCK BOUGHT AiNI) SOLD
WASHINGTON MARKET . CHRISTENSON & CO.
Ranges, Stoves, Iron Beds and Furniture of all kinds. Also a
good assortment of Second Hand Goods at Lowest Prices
L. H. HENNINGiSEN CO.
504 BOND STREET, ASTORIA, OREGON. PHONE, RED 2303
Scow Bay Iron 8 Brass Works
Iron, Steel, Brass and Bronze Castings.
General Foundryiuen and Patternmakers.
Absolutely firstclass work. Prices lowest.
:se 2451 Corner Eighteenth and Franklin.
ASTORIA AND COLUMBIA
LEAVE PORTLAND ARRIVE
8:00 a m Portland Union De- 11:10 a m
7:00 p m pot for Aatoria andj 8:40 m
I Way Pointa
6:10 p m
For Portland and
10:30 p m
8:15 a m Aatoria for Waxen
11:35 a ml ton, Flavel Fort
5:59 pmj Stevena, Hammond
4:00 p m
10:45 a m
(:15 a m
9:30 a ml
Seaaide for War
Stevena ft Aatoria!
12:50 p m
All traina make close connection at
Ooble with all Northern Pacific traina
to and from the Eaat and Sound pointa
J. C. Mayo,
General Freight nd Pass. Agent
Th, "Northwestern Llml'.id" traina,
eiectrio lighted throughout, both Inalde
and out. anil ate&m haiu ..
out .'"tE"0"' tbt flnt traina la the
world. They embedy the litest, newest
ana bgt ldaa for comfort, convenJsice
.u.u.j ivrr oiierea me travoiiins
nubile, and altogether are the nw
complete and eplendld UMluction ff thf
car builders' art.
Theee splendid Trains
The Great Northern
The Northern Pacific and
The Canadian Pacific
AT ST. PAUL FOR
CHICAGO nd the EAST.
No extra ckarge (or theae luperiot
acommodatlon aad all rlaaaea of tick
eta are available for passage on the
train on tbl line are Protected h) ta
Interlocking Bleak System.
Vr oo to ceiuai
or Ton a form k
MOM r I rlfm,(T riMi-rio,
UMtl rWM I KIl'RIIlll.
THI.1. WMITK. i. II. i
IMITK. J. T). IKMihWIK. Maeort
jktrwiiMaal. Hm toU HrmHf, . V. I
A DIRECT LINE
to Chicago and all pointa eaat; Lout.
vllte, Memphle. New Orleana, and all
Pee that your ticket rtada vU the
llllnou Central R. R. Thoroughly mod
em traina connect lth all tranaconlU
nental Unoa at Bt. Paul and Omaha.
If your frlenda are coming weat let na
know and we will quote them direct
the apeclally low rta now In effect
from all eaatern pointa.
Any Information a ta rates, remtea,
etc., cheerfully gives on application.
B. II. TRUMBUU Commercial
Ageat, 1U Third etreet, Portland, Or.
J. c. un Da sr. t. r. A P. A., 141
Third etreet. Port Una, Or.
P. B. THOMPtfON, F. at. P. A.,
70 hours from Portland to Chicago.
No change of cara.
t , IlKEHniKDt'LKM
Depart Kr.nu Arrive
I'ortUud HMt Uke, Itonver. ft
Hwcll Worth, Om.l,. Kan-. :24 pm
fclAa.m. ma City. Hi tout.
via Hum- Chicago and Uie KlMl
i!?"" f't tke, Denver n
via llunW mi city. Hi 1aiiU,
Ingloo t'hicatto and Ihe Eaat
KtPaul Walla Walla, I awls.
KalMall ton, xpukatia. Mlnne.
liUP J?1- ml"- Ht I'aul, Uulutb 1:00 pm
vleSpo- Milwaukee, Chicago.
kane and Kaat '
OCEAN AND RIVER SCHEDULE
AU sailing dates subject to change,
yf San Francisco every five daya.
Dally m- Columbia KWer to 4am
cna Hun l'orilBiidanday Dailvtx.
Steamer NahcotU leaves Aatoria on
tide dally except Sunday for Ilwaco.
connecting there with traina for Long
Deach, Tioga and North Beach pointa.
Returning arrives at Aatoria aame
Through tickets to and from all prin
cipal European cttlea.
O. W. ROBERTS, Agent,
These tiny Capsule are euperioi i
to Balsam of Copaiba, (
Cubebs of Injections andMT .
CURE IN 48 HOURSlnuOrJ)
the same diseases with--j
out Inconvenience. ' I
rf v a1 Dmrrtftt.
It Uit4VtUKl nml should kno-.v
Si I -till thai uri i ..! fK I
TlW TWW ThM rrtmf. Intrt.
no mi nii-Kr.
i M'it CoiivMiK'nt.
M Tt Irwin tor II,
If lwnnniuiiplf Hi
HAIIifcl,. ,',;,, ,t
oi!i, but vnit tumn fur
(nil parUitiilarmuiii illrwHin In.
TKhiHlilplolniliKi M It VI I, HO..