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About The morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1899-1930 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 24, 1904)
THE MORNING ASTORIAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2 J, 100.
Established 1873. '
DAILY EXCEPT MONDAY.
jty mail, per year . , . .
By mail, per month" A,
,. By carriers, ptr; nionth;.....
THE SEMI-WEEKLY ASTOUIAX.
By mail, er year, in advance
increased by his sorviee in the senate.'- Morton ami
Chandler were aggressive supporters of the nations
cause during the war and niYssively unrolentms
after it. A milder course might have permitted Mor
ton to be president, a place which hi proved exeeu
Ltive ability admirably fitted him to occupy. Chand
ler, like Hanna, was the business man in polities.
Chandler lacktnl lfauna's optimistic teinpermetit.
but in many other respects they' Avert very much
alike. Both had been very successful in business be-
fore entering public life. Doth had a rough and di
rect sort of eloquence, which convinced meu rather
than persuaded or charmed them. Both knew well
how to marshal great forces for great occasions, and
both had indomitable will and groat tenacity of pur
pose. N But Mr. Itauna had won a place in public
favor and est win that Mr. Chandler never could
have gained.';. Had Mr. llanua lived he might have
been, and probably would have been, president, a
distinction that Chandler never could have won.
ASTORIAN PUBLISHING COMPANY.
GREAT SENATORS WHO DIED IN HARNESS,
The death of Senator Hanna has lecalled to the
mind the names of other great senators who died
in office, says the Ledger. Among these John C. Ca
.houn, Henry Clay, Stephen A. Douglas, Andrew
Johnson, Charles Sumner, 4 'Zack" Chandler, Henry
: Wilson, William Pitt Fessenden, Mat II. Carpenter,
Henry B. Anthony, Jacob Collamer, Solomon Foot
John A. Logan, Oliver P. Morton, flenry Winter
Davis, Justin S. Morrill, Cushman K. Davis, David
Broderick, and Colonel E. D. Baker have been men
tioned. : . ' . f -'. . :
Of these CalLoun, Clay, Wilson, Anthony and Mor
rill died old and full of years, and when their life
work had been well done. Calhoun and Clay were
notable leaders of the political thought in their time
and as the organizers of parties. They were as great
as politicians as they were as debaters fact that
is now little remembered. Both advoeated the pro
: tective principle in earlier tariff laws, although Clay
alone remained true to it throughout his long career,
'When Calhoun fonnd it did not bring equal ad
vantage to the south and north, because the labor o
the south was not suited to manufacturing, he was
compelled to choose between protection and slavery,
The two were as incompatible as light and darkness.
Protection encourages progress, stimulates men to
become more skillful, inventive, independent. There
could be no progress for the slave that did not tend
to take him out of slavery, and that in Mr. Calhoun's
view, the south did not want. So he organized nulli
ucauoH una, anu secession aiterwaras. ue, more
than any other man, or dozens of men, laid the foun
dation for the civil war and made it inevitable. Mor
rill and Anthony were long in service, bnt notable
rather for a quiet persistence in pursuit of their pur
pose and devotion to principle than for forensic
ability. Morrill's name, like Clay's, will always be
remembered in connection with the establishment
of our tariff system, ' Clay did most to found and
Morril most to perfect it.
Johnson and Wilson were elected vice-presidents
and the former succeeded to the presidency upon the
death of Lincoln. Both were useful members of the
senate, but neither was conspicuously great. Fess
enden and Collamer saw service in cabinets as well
as in the senate, Fressenden notably as Mr. Lincoln's
second secretary of the treasury. Both were, men of
strong character and great influence. v
Among all these senators who died, in office none
was so conspicuously, a leader of men as Douglas.
Neither Clay, nor Webster, nor Benton, nor Cal
houn was more eloquent or mire skillful in debate
than he, and not one of Jhese equaled him in; the
great art which organize support for great under
takings and concentrates the force of public opinion
upon the accomplishment of great purposes. Just
before the outbreak of the war, he was easily the
most conspicuous and most popular figure in fublie
life. His reputation "was world wide. His fame has
been somewhat obscured by the great events that
immediately followed his death, but it cannot always
remain so. When the lapse of time shall bring all
the great names of his time to their just and proper
perspective, his will stand among the greatest.
Broderick, of California, and Baker, of Oregon,
fell early in their senatorial careers, the one in a duel
the other in battle. Each seemed destined to a use
ful and brilliant career. Broderick, at the time he
entered the senate, was one of the courageous few
Who realized that treason must be met with a bold
, front, and never allowed to assert itself unchallenged
lie so met it and'defied it and his untimely death
was In some measure the result of his defiant policy.
Matt Carpenter and Cushman K. Davis both died
while comparatively young in years and in term of
service. Both were good lawyers and tireless work
ers. One was a brilliant, the other a forceful sneak
er. Both knew well how to frame policies, and both
enjoyed in a peculiar degree that aptitude for array
ing that support of constituencies, without which no
statesman can be great. Had either lived out the
allotted years of man, he might have enjoyed a popu
larity equal to that of Douglas. ,
Logan, Morton and Chandler were among the fore
most leaders of the' war period and reconstruction
days. Logan's service in the jield had given him a
high place in public admiration, and his fame was
; MUTTERINGS OF A TEMPEST.
ii authentic and persistent reports from the cap
itals of Europe seem to give authority to the state
ment, by far the most disquieting aspect of the war
in the east is the attitude which Russia has assumed
toward Great Britain in the Tibetan question, says
the Call. From St Petersburg and Berlin come dis
patches avering that the czar is ready to repulse En
glish aggression in Tibet at the point of the bayonet
if driven to this extreme necessity and that he has
already obtained ascendency in the forbidden coun
try of such a character to make further advance
against it on the part of the British nothing but an
act of war. In short, if the tenor of "these semi- offi
cial utterances from St Petersburg be inspired by
actual sentiment in the councils of the czar it is evi
dent that Adam Zad is more than willing to come to
grapples with the lion.
That being true" it is manifest that Russia's
scheme is nothing else than to precipitate a general
war such as that of the Crimea, wherein all the pow
ers interested in the far eastern question will be drag
ged by the interests of their respective spheres of
sovereignty. To invite war with England would be to
put to the final arbitrament all of the tangled knot
of diplomatic endeavors woven about the cart since
China was opened to the powers. Russia is well
aware that if she threw down the gauntlet to Eng
land, Germany and certainly France would not bide
the coalition between Edward's empire and that of
the Mikado which would follow. A Imost equally
certain is she that the realignment of the powers
along a general battle line in Asia would eventually
involve the interests of the United States and de
mand that our country take a part in the grand
quarrel. : . y '" ' .;''
At first glance it -may' seem the height of fool-
hardiness that Russia, now suffering from the dag
ger thrusts of doughty little Japan.should invite an
ither conflict, but beneath the stolid countenance of
the Slav there is always a cunning at work which
lets no gleam through the eyes until the time is ripe
for the trap to be sprung. A general war in which
one or more of the powers besides herself and Japan
were involved would be of incalcuable benefit to
thj empire of Nicholas. Russia is weak on the sea,
for weaker than even the critics prophesied before
Japan had the opportunity to do away with six of
!ier vessels in' two weeks, but then Russia is not a
sea power nor one fatally vulnerable to the superior
force of a naval armament.
A general war which would bring her into alliance
with either France or Germany, if possibly both
would throw into her way armies and more armies
to overrun Asia like the myrmidons at ancient Troy
Russia could be swept off the sea and yet she would
have her thousands upon thousands of soldiers, aug
nientcd-by the forces of her allies, to swamp the
combined forces of Japan and England. In the final
grapple lack of sea power would count for naught
with Russia, since she has no colonies and none of
her possesions are directly open to assault from the
sea-save those along the ice-bound Siberian coast. It
ould be the preponderance' of 'armies' that would
decide the issue, 1
Though the czar's government seems at present to
be suffering heavily from the attacks of the Japs and
shows a remarkable weakness, both in strategy, and
fighting ability, conservative students of the world
policies see in that nothing more than a repetition of
the state of affairs at the opening of the Crimean
war. .behind the Muscovite s sluggishness and ap
parent clumsiness at the war game one must look to
catch the first steely glint of a strife terrible as the
wars of Napoleon which he may be conjuring up in
that cold, calculating brain.
Russia declares that her position is diplomatically
very strong. Diplomatic strength doesn't count for
imich after the torpedoes are set in motion.
Mr.' Bryan is imitating Carnegie. He will present
the town of his birth with a library. He hasn't yet
promised to die poor, however. , , '
The mayor of Roanoke, ;Va., has requested the
white men of the city to cease throwing stones at the
It is said the Kentucky police would not permit
a joint debate between editors Bryan and Watterson.
11 fp'HiiM it ijy..1,'
i m (? in
I'he quiet, artistic benutv of onv
home is easily marred by lack of
tasto ir wall decorations. ,YVa wish
to state that the New Year will find
us in n better position to-do decoratv
ing than ever before. New patterns
are beginning to arrive, and all we
ask is that you favor us with an op.
portunity to show you the line. . ;
B. F. ALLEN $ SON.
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. CARRIAGE AND WAGON BUIUMNU' FIRST-CLARS IIOR3K
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Libgglns Crinip Work, '
All kind of wagon miterUl in stock for utile. We RUrot tb beat
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' ' V .V;"' ANDREW ASP. T
Corner Twelfth ud Dunne StrwU. Thon 291,
St Louis World's Fair News
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We will furnlnh the Twlee-a- Vetk
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Will recelr ipecUl r-teBUoa.
No 538 Bum. ft W. 3. COOK. isv
'Tlen't aafe to be a day without ri.o.
trio Oil In the houee. Never r.n t.n
wnai mement an accident , la going
happen. : : ' '
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slways bears tha above cap
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dunday only ,
All train make clone connection at
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to and from th Eat and Sound pointa
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General Freight and Paa. Agent
The Scenic Line
TO THE EAST AND SOUTH.
ThroocH Sail latte City.. Lead v$U,
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Fcr Information or Illustrated liter- (
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