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About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
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THERE are those among us who
see nothing Idealistic about
the snow. The varied and ex
luislte forms assumed by the
, frost particles on crystalllza
. tion, revealed In their fullest beauty
beneath the lens, are lost to their un
appreciative vision. To them "the
fleecy snow" and "the beautiful snow"
are absurdities The only form of
enow-Inspired poetical effort that ap
peals to them ia the parody,
"The snow, the snow the beautiful
The more you don't want it the more
It won't go."
is not meaningless to them, for they
are the men who must battle with It.
Such, for Instance, is the railroad
man in any part of Uncle Sam's wide
domain In which the ice king disputes
his sovereignty. The- Dakotas, Minne
sota and northern Iowa are favorite
hauntB of the wayward monarch, and In
those regions It is that he holds some
of his-most fantastic revels., The wind
swept prairies of Kansas and Nebras
ka, level as a table for great distances,
are often difficult to manage In mid
winter, but they do not possess the
essentials of a great snow country.
The general contour of Minnesota and
Dakota Is rolling, so that on most of
the railroad lines there are many cuts,
ten to the mile In some places. This
is the Ideal spot for the snow block
ade, and for six or seven months of
the year an almost ceaseless battle
Is going on.
Every railroad traversing these re
gions Is equipped with a large force
of snow fighters. Nowadays rotary
snow plows in the hands of men who
know how to operate them can cut
their way through drifts that In the
early days of railroading would have
established a complete blockade. The
rotary plow Is one of the marvels of
the age. It Is a liberal education In
the business of snow fighting to watch
one of them eating; its way through
an apparently insurmountable drift
that threatens to cut off all communi
cation between tb.e Atlantic and Pa
cific northern terminals.
Menace to Railroading.
' There are several passes In , the
great divide region ' of the Rocky
mountains which for about half of the
year offer a constant menace to rail
roading in their vicinity. The snow
. begins to fall late In August or early
In September, and It continues until
well Into May and sometimes June.
There are also Intermittent snowfalls
during the summer, but not enough to
make serious trouble. .The great falls
art during January and February.
The roads that croBs the great di
vide must expend enormous sums In
their annual conflict with the snow.
Special crews are provided for this
-work, and special engines are held in
reserve to be put behind the snow
'.plows as needed. "Before the rotary
was invented the man with the shovel
-was the sole dependence. In the early
days of the transcontinental, railroad,
. thousands of laborers were kept on the
pay rolls simply as snow shovelers.
The snow sheds erected hy these lfnes
have cost a mint of money. The wind
swept stretches of Wyoming and oth
er states are guarded by wind breaks
consisting of high fences' built across
the most exposed points.- These
. fences seem to be fragile barriers
against such a mighty foe as the snow
king, but they serve their purpose ad
mirably, frequently preyentlng a
In spite of the greatly Improved
methods of snow fighting, blockades
are still of frequent occurrence on
these mountain roads. It is not at all
unusual In Colorado and Wyoming for
a train to be stalled between stations
for hours and perhaps for days. Those
who have had experiences of this kind
do not wax enthusiastic over them.
Sometimes provisions are lacking, and
the luckless passengers are In actual
danger of starving. In these lonely
stretches there is not a ranch for
miles. As a rule the roads take 'ex
traordinary precautions against block
ades of this description, for in several
cases large damages have been col
lected by the victims.
Great Mass of Whiteness.
The huge snowdrifts ' that some
times rise In a single night are fre
quently tent 20 or even 30 feet in
height. To one who sees such an ac
cumulation of snow for the first time
it seems Impossible that any plow,
even the most improved rotary, can
penetrate it. With a rush and a
plunge the great plow is hurled Into
the mass of frigid whiteness. Black
clouds of smoke pour from the en
gines, and the huge blades of the ro
tary begin to eat into the drift. The
snow shoots out of the orifice at the
side of the plow. As It is distributed
It forms an immense white semi-circle
which is constantly moving on
ward, showing the progress of the
Slowly the rotary excavates its way
forward, and finally the plow and its
engines are burled in a trench of
white. Only the smokestacks can be
seen, and they coLtluue to belch forth
inky clouds that settle in a coat of
smudge upon the - snow-field. The
great white semi-circle moves steadily
onward, and In the course of time it
becomes apparent that the drift is be
ing conquered. It is eventually over
come, and the passengers on the reg
ular express train which passes that
way a few hours later knows nothing
of the snow battle that has made their
further progress possible. They may
discover that they are moving rapidly
through a narrow canyon whose walls
are snow, but they do not realize the
mighty force that has enabled them
to cross the ridge of the continent
It is the element of the unexpected
that sometimes adds largely to the se
riousness of these occasions. At the
passes over the great divide adequate
provision against trouble has been
made, and long blockades are few.
Now and then, however, word comes
that a train has not been able to
force its passage through a snow accu
mulation 100 miles or more from tho
nearest rotary plow. Then there is
consternation indeed. To get a plow
to the blockaded train will take time,
but It must be done. In the meantime
the drift may be growing on the un
used road, and each hour Is bringing
fresh menaces to railroad men and
When a rotary plow Itself Is caught
in a snow blockade the situation be
comes even more complicated. Such
Instances are rare, but it has hap
pened. Such a thing can only be pos
sible through the carelessness of some
workman, for a rotary plow with suf
ficient power behind It can eat its way
through a drift of almost any dimen
sions. Use Methods of the Past.
India's methods of storing grain are
still very ancient and Inadequate. The
first modern grain elevator In all that
great peninsula Is yet to be finished
in the Punjab province.
TO HAVE SUCCESS WITH CAKE
Little Things That the Cook Must
Remember While In Course
1. When preparing your cake tin,
always grease It first, and then line
It with paper. Some people grease the
paper, but this is a mistake. Others
grease the tin and put no paper, but
this Is equally bad, for It nearly al
ways causes the cake to burn.
2. Beginners - sometimes slip Into
the error of thinking that a cake will
not rise unless It Is put Into a very
fierce oven. This Is quite wrong, for
the 'fierce heat only hardens the out
Bide, and makes it Impossible tor the
Inside to swell properly.
3. In order to test the heat of the
oven, put in a piece of white kitchen
paper and let It stay for a couple of
minutes. If the paper Is only warmed,
and not colored at all, the oven 1b too
cool for the average of cakes; there
should be Just heat enough to make
the paper curl up a little and go slight
ly brown at the edges.
CODFISH AND RICE TOGETHER
New Method of Preparing Meal That
Is Such a Universal
Prepare the rice by covering a quar
ter cupful with two cups cold water.
Put over the fire, stirring occasionally
while heating to prevent sticking.
Boil five minutes, drain on a sieve and
rinse with cold water. This makes
the rice beautifully white and clear,
with the grains separate. Return to
the fire In a double boiler, add one and
a quarter cups milk, and one cup salt
codfish, previously soaked over night
Cook until the rice is nearly done and
the milk absorbed. Put in a baking
dishing, adding one-half cup white
sauce; Sprinkle with bread crumbs,
add bits of butter, and bake about 20
twenty minutes, or until brown on top
and well heated through. Make the
white sauce thus: Melt In a saucepan
one tablespoon butter, add one table
spoon flour; mix to smooth paste, add
gradually half cup milk.
TIDY BUREAU DRAWER
A tidy top drawer is not an im
possibility, In spite of the fact that all
the little odds and ends of one's toil
ette are kept there to be easily got
at But they are generally in a ra
ther stirred-up condition. To achieve
neatness, one woman took some very
thin boards and concerted her top
drawers, by their use, Into compart
ments to suit the various articles she
keeps in them, thus doing away with
many covered boxes and holders for
gloves and handkerchiefs. The illus
tration shows a drawer divided thus
Into compartments. If nice smooth
wood is not to be had for the purpose,
cardboard boxes, without covers, and
Fastened into place by thumb-tacks,
Dr even pins, will insure the wished
(or tidiness and convenience in select
ing the articles wanted. ,
Cream four tablespoons butter and
one cup sugar and add - one well
beaten egg. Sift one and one-half
cups flour with one-half teaspoon salt
ind one teaspoon baking powder. Add
one-half cup of flour, to the first mix
ture, and beat thoroughly, then add
the rest of the flour anc" one-half cup
of milk, alternately. . Finally beat
one-quarter square chocolate into the
batter and bake 30. minutes in a mod
Sauce Beat two- eggs until very
light, then add one cup of confec
tioner's sugar and one cup of thick
cream. Beat until the whole is the
consistency of whipped cream, i
Sour Milk Pie. .
One cup of thick sour milk, one
cup of raisins chopped fine, one cup
of sugar, one-half cup of butter, one
egg, one cracker rolled fine, one tea
Bpoon cinnamon, one-half clove. Put
on stove to thicken. Makes two pies.
Boll beets the same as usual. When
done, peel and chop up with a knife,
put on lots of butter, pepper and salt
and a little sugar. Serve hot. Hope
some one will try this. They are fine
and a change from sliced beets.
One cup sugar, two eggs, butter
size of walnut, one cup sour milk, one
teaspoonful soda In milk, two tea
spoonfuls cocoa, one teaspoonful
vanilla, three cups flour, salt Drop
from teaspoon into hot fat and roll in
sugar while warm, if desired.
A Girl's Mistake.
"I'm sorry I cut that young bank
clerk on the street yesterday."
"Why so, Marie T"
"Today I had a check to cash at his
hank, and he failed to know n"
TAKE PLACE OF MEAT
NOURISHING AND CHEAP MEALS
MADE OF NUTS.
Turkey Roast One of the Most Ap
proved Methods of Serving Them
Meat Loaf Also Is an Excel
Nut Turkey Roast Thoroughly
wash one cupful of German lentils
and soak over night. The next morn
ing boil slowly until tender, then run
through a colander. Add one-halt
cupful of chopped walnut meats, one
well-beaten egg, a quarter cupful ol
minced onion and one cupful of minced
celery thai; have been browned to
gether In a little olive oil. Add salt
and sage to season and thicken with
bread crumbs. Dip thin slices of bread
In a mixture of one egg and a cupful
of milk beaten together. Now in a
well buttered casserole or baking pan
make alternate layers of the two mix
tures. Surround with any dressing
preferred and" bake from forty to sixty
minutes in a moderate oven.
Nut Meat Loaf. One-half cupful of
chopped or ground pecans, one-half
cup of walnut meats, one cupful oi
dry bread or cracker crumbs, two
eggs and one tablespoonful of melt
ed butter. Wet the crumbs with milk,
and as the crumbs soak ad more milk
If necessary. It should be a little too
thick to run. Butter well a small
bread pan. , Turn In the mixture after
stirring well and cover with dots of
butter. Bake In the oven a half hour.
Cut In slices and serve hot. The next
day slices can be covered in thick
ened and strained Juice from a can of
tomatoes and fried. Served with
creamed potatoes meats a good com
bination. All walnut meats make a
roast a trifle dry, but can be used if
pecans are too expensive.
Nut and Vegetable Roast Take
cooked beans or peas, press through
a colander to remove the skins and
mix with an equal quantity of finely
chopped nut meats. Season to taste
and put one-half the mixture in a but
tered baking dish. Spread over it a
dressing made in this wise: Take four
slices ,of zwieback and pour boiling
water over It to cover. Let stand ten
or twelve minutes, break up with a
fork and pour over It one-half cupful
of sweet cream. Season with salt, a
bit of pepper and, if liked, a touch of
sage. Cover the dressing with the re
mainder of the nut mixture, pour over
all one-half cupful of cream and bake
slowly an hour and a half In a moder
ate oven. Serve In slices with cran
berry sauce. The Delineator.
Wash and wipe ripe tomatoes. Cut
in three or four slices. Dip into flour
which has been seasoned with salt
and pepper. Fry In fat (bacon fat la
best) until brown on both sides. Have
a little milk heating and when the to
matoes have been taken out pour Into
the fat, and when boiling thicken with
a little flour mixed in cold water. Poui
this gravy over the tomatoes.
Peel good -stewing apples, cut in
quarters and cook. Stew in sugar
sirup, keeping , them whole. Skim
out into a glass dish and let the sirup
cook down until there is very little.
This will jelly if apples are the right
kind for stewing. Pour this over the
apples, let them chill, and then heap
sweetened whipped cream over them
Peel small tomatoes and cut in
eighths, lengthwise, but do not sep
arate sections at end. Open like flow
ers on bed of lettuce. In the center
of each pile a teaspoon of cream
cheese that has been put through a
coarse strainer. Serve with salad
dressing, to which has been added one
teaspoon each of finely chopped green
pepper, parsley and chives. .
Two cups cornmeal, one cup flour,
one. cup cold milk, three eggs, two
teaspoons melted butter, one teaspoon
salt, two teaspoons baking powder.
Put the cornmeal into bowl, add boil
ing milk, in which the butter has been
molted, and beat well; add the cold
milk and well-beaten eggs and salt;
mix well together. Sift the baking
powder and flour, add slowly and mix
lightly. Have gem pans very hot and
well greased. This amount makes
Lima Bean Salad.
Drain the Juice from a can of lima
hnans. Dour a CUD of bolllnir nfm
over them and drain again. Chill,
dress with French dressing, place on
tender leaves of lettuce and sprinkle
lightly with grated horseradish.
Select apples of uniform size, wash,
core, arange in baking dish and fill
the cavities with sugar, butter and
spices, or with plain sugar, as pre
ferred. Bake and serve with whipped
TAKES OFF DANDRUFF,
HAIR 8TOPS FALLING
Save your Halrl Get a 25-cent bottle
of Danderlne right now Also
stops Itching scalp.
Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy
hair is mute evidence of a neglected
scalp; of dandruff that awful scurf.
There Is nothing so destructive to
the hair as dandruff. It robs the hair
of Its lustre, its strength and its very
life; eventually producing a feverish
ness and itching of the scalp, which
if not remedied causes the hair roots
to shrink, loosen and die then the
hair falls out fast. A little Danderine
tonight now any time will surely
save y8ur hair.
Get a 25-cent bottle of Knowlton's
Danderine from any drug store. You
surely can have beautiful hair and
lots of it if you will Just try a little
Danderine. Save your hairl Try it!
"The trouble with this tooth," said
the dentist, probing it with a long,
slender instrument, "Is that the nerve
"It seems to me, doctor," groaned
the victim, "you ought to treat the
dying with a little more respect."
Midnight Son. ,
"There's nothing new under the
sun," said the ready-made philosopher.
"No," replied the patron of cafes
and musical comedies, "nor under the
electric lights, either, for that matter."
Being happy is the se
cret of being well, look
ing well and feeling
well. Start the New
Year right, by resolving
to assist the Stomach,
Liver and Bowels in their
daily work by use of
It tones, strengthens and
invigorates ' the entire
system. Try a bottle today
A Flattering Fear.
"I'm afraid we made a mistake send
in' that man to Congress," said Farm
"But you can't hold him responsible
for the delay in legislation."
"I dunno 'bout that. He's such a
fascinatin talker, I'm afraid they're
keepin up the argument fur the sake
of hearin' him orate."
Free to Our Readers
Write Marine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago, for
48-page illustrated Eye Book Free. Write all
about Your Eye Trouble and they will advlsa
as to the Proper Application of the Murine
Eye Remedies In Your Special Case. Yonr
Druggist will tell you that Murine Relieves
Sore Eyes, Strengthens Weak Eyes. Doesn't
Smart, Soothes Eye Pain, and sells for 60c
Try It In Your EjeB and in Uaby's Eyes lo
Scaly Eyelids and Granulation. .
Peanut Candy Put 2 cups of sugar
into a smooth frying pan and stir with
the bowl of a spoon till melted, keep
ing the spoon flat. As soon as the
sugar is all melted, remove from the
fire and stir in 1 cup of chopped pea
nuts. When It begins to stiffen, pour
upon the bottom of an Inverted pan,
shape with knives, and cut into small
squares. Oregon Agricultural College.
Marseilles plans to spend more than
$6,000,000 to . demolish Its ancient
slums and replace them with modern
Putnam Fadeless Dyes color in
"They say that women have no
sense of humor."
"Well, It's a good thing."
"If a woman laughed heartily 1 it
would endanger every button on these
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets' regu
late and invigorate stomach, liver and
bowels. Sugar-coated, tiny granules,
easy to take as candy.
Satisfied With What He Had.
"I have invented a typewriter that
you can carry in your coat pocket
May I show It to you?" .
"No I have a typewriter that I
carry in my limousine and I'm satis
fied." Chicago Record-Herald.
Consumption causes one-seventh of
all the deaths In the worl d.
Btil Gcmfh Syria, IvAm Oood. CH
ia tlrnt, told by DniirliU.