Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
For Good Gingerbread.
For an "eggless" gingerbread, mix
In a large bowl one cupful. of mo
lasses, balf a cupful of sour milk or
cream, one teaspoonful of salt Dls
solve one teaspoonful of soda In a tea
spoonful of cold water, add this and
two tablespoonfuls of melted butter
to the mixture. Now stir In two cup
fuls of sifted flour. Pour the mixture
into a well buttered deep tin and bake
In a moderately, hot oven for about
Boil one pint of cream with foul
ounces of sugar for a quarter of an
hour and strain through muslin. Beat
veil the yolks of six eggs and pour
milk over them, placing the bowl over
pan of boiling water. Stir rapidly
till it thickens. Let it cool gradually,
then add one teaspoonful of vanilla
and stir continually. When cold serve
In a dish covered with whipped white
of eggs sifted over with sugar.
Waffles Rained with Veaat.
Mix a half cupful of butter with on,
quart of flour. Add slowly a quart of
hot milk, and when cooled to luke
warm a half yeast cake, softened in
a quarter of a cupful of lukewarm
water. Beat well, then add two eggs,
whites and yolks beaten separately,
but vigorously. Let this batter rise
over night In the morning beat well
again, let rise an hour longer, then
Jersey Rica Pudding.
One quart cold milk, one-half cuj,
rice, scant measure, little salt, one
half cup sugar, butter size of an egg.
Put in a nappy and bake slowly two
and one-half hours, stirring frequent
ly until the last hour. When done It
should be like thick cream and slip in
the dish as you tip it. This pudding
must be carefully baked; It must not
One pint milk, scalded; three egg.,
two tablespoonfuls flour wet with a
little cold milk (like starch). Stir this
Into the scalded milk, add the beaten
ggs after it comes from the fire, then
sweeten to the taste and add a little
salt and flavor. Bake In deep plates
like a custard, with bottom crust.
This is excellent.
Skin the rhubarb and cut into inch
lengths. Line a pie dish with good
pastry, wash this over with the white
of an egg, put in the rhubarb in lay
ers and sweeten each layer plentifully
with sugar. Put on a top crust and
bake to a good brown. Eat cold and
sprinkle well with sugar.
Peaa, Parlalan Style.
"Put a can of peas In a saucepan with
a sprig of parsley, an onion sliced and
a few leaves of lettuce. Toss them over
occasionally, and when cooked add a
tablespoon of butter blended with a
tablespoon of flour. If too thick add
water or milk and cook for fifteen
Remove the skins and seeds from
white grapes. And an equal quantity
of English walnuts broken in pieces.
Marinate with French dressing and ar
range on lettuce leaves. Substitute
white cherries for grapes If preferred.
Illnta About the House.
Green vegetables are best cooked In
open vessels to save the color.
To give a richer flavor to the roast,
baste it with drippings instead of
A piece of ham bone added to vege
table or soup stock will Improve tUo
Candles will last much longer If they
are kept on Ice twenty-four hours be
When soaking mackerel or other salt
fish see that the skin side Is placed
Lemons hardened from long stand
ing may be made usable by covering a
few moments with boiling water.
Pans greased with butter will make
the bottom crust of pies soft and flaky
and prevent them from being soggy.
Celery can be much improved by
soaking It for an hour In Ice-cold water
in which a lemon has been squeezed.
To clean a copper kettle, rub It with
powdered bath brick and paraffin and
polish with dry brick dust or whiting.
To remove paint from linens rub
with turpentine, then clean with
French chalk dampened with alcohol.
Mend broken china with plaster of
parls mixed with the white of egg and
It will stand washing. This method is
suitable for articles of everyday use,
sot for valuable old china.
Cream to be whipped must be one
day old. No sugar should be added
lther before or after it is beaten. The
sweetening should be in the pudding
r cake with which It Is served.
A General Parpoae Poultry Honae.
This building Is 14 feet wide, and
can be as long as desired, adding an
other set or sets of rooms and sheds
at one or both ends. The construc
tion la simple, but durable. Outside
walls are covered on outside and in
side with light weight prepared roof
ing, placed on cheap lumber. Plaster
board may be substituted for the in
side. Studs are 2x2, and there are
two sets; waterproof paper being
placed between them. Thus a double
air space Is secured. Rafters are of
2x4, and may be stripped beneath
and practically the same construction
used as for the sides; using thicker
roofing. So constructed, the building
will be very warm.
Foundation is of stone, brick or
Trout. Floors are of cement, covered
with dry sand. Broken stone, well
tamped as for macadam road is
cheaper than cement, and makes a
fair substitute. The ventilators, be
ing placed in the warmest parts of
rooms will draw. Windows have sash
SXTEKIOB VIEW 01 POULTBT HOUSE.
with some glass, but mostly filled with
heavy muslin. This lets in a fair
amount of light, and air enough to
prevent dampness. By using two
courses of cloth it will be fully as
warm as one of glass, and Insure a
One room has a double row of
nests, with wire partition above.
When a hen wants to fiPt. hpr no at
Is pushed through into small room, and
Boon to Horsee.
If horses had means of expressing
their thanks they would probably unite
and send a resolution of gratitude to
the Pennsylvania man
who Invented the
horseshoe shown in
the sketch. The horse
shoe has a series of
parallel ridges on its
heel and toe portions.
The ridges on the toe
portion run parallel to
the longitudinal axis of the shoe
and those on the heel portion run
transversely. These ridges form a se
ries of recesses adapted to receive and
retain snow or dirt; thus fprmlng a
bearing surface for the shoe and mak
ing the horse surer of his footing.
Running In opposite directions as they
do- the corrugations act as a sort of
brake in whichever way the animal's
feet may happen to slip and the whole
effect Is to prevent snow or dirt "cak
ing" on the flat of the shoe.
Bran with Alfalfa for Cowa.
At the Massachusetts station, with
new milch cows, a supplementary ra
tion of bran gave slightly superior re
sults to one of alfalfa meal. With the
bran ration the cows gave 1.6 per cent
more milk and 3.1 per cent more but
ter. The several feedstuffs were fig
ured at the same price per pound, ex
cepting the wheat bran and alfalfa;
the former cost $22 and the latter $30
a ton in the market On this basis
the alfalfa ration would Increase the
cost of milk and butter some 9 per
cent. If the bran and alfalfa were
figured at the same price per ton the
food cost of the product would vary
very slightly. Owing to the excess of
fertilizer Ingredients, especially nitro
gen, in the wheat bran, the bran ra
SECURING PROPER GRADE.
lr-'Pi j jp
To obtain an even grade in trenches where tiles are to be laid, stretch
lines across the ditch five feet above the bed. The lines are tied securely
to stakes on either side of the ditch. White cotton rope one-fourth inch in
diameter is the beat kind to make easy sighting. The proper hitch on the
stakes Is shown In the lower illustrations. In practice a mark can be made
on the long handle of the shovel five feet from the point and the sighting
done without delay as the work goes on.
replaced by the one opposite; the door
being closed. A small door leads to
an exercise yard. Partition door Is
open, except when raising dhlckens.
Scratching sheds have earth floors, and
are enclosed by wire fencing, with
doors. In winter muslin can be added,
making the sheds warm, and not ex
cluding the sun.
The brooder room has a wood floor.
Beneath la a basement for Incubator.
By a stove In room above and the
double flue chimney both can be kept
at any desired temperature, and the
air pure. A trap door covers stair
way. Basement has windows on both
sides. Entrance Is from north, while
south side Is taken up by yards.
Farm, Stock and Home.
The Joe Strawberry.
The Joe strawberry has bad quite ex
tensive trail and everywhere made
a good record. It is a mid
season to late berry, and under
favorable conditions grows to the
largest size. One berry Is recorded
as weighing more than two ounces.
The plant Is large and very vigorous
and healthy In growth. The berry Is
regular In shape and among the most
beautiful In general appearance. It Is
also of high flavor. If you have a
heavy, rich soil and will mulch the
plants well, you can raise some prize
winning berries from the Joe. Ora
tlon would furnish a somewhat . jher
manure. This fact should not be en
tirely lost sight of in comparing the
merits of the two feeds.
Felling T)reea bjr Electricity
According to a statement Issued b
the Slemens-Schuckert Company of
Berlin, the felling of trees by means
of wires heated by electric currents,
which has been described in various
newspapers, cannot be accomplished in
a practical and economical manner, for
the following reasons: The wire, to
cut effectively, must be very tightly
stretched and it Is therefore very li
able to rupture, in consequence of its
high temperature. The redhot wire
caroonlzes the wood, and the charcoal,
If allowed to accumulate, protects the
Interior parts from the heat of the
wire. In order to remove the char
coal, the wire must be roughened and
moved to and fro lengthwise, so that
the operation Is still a sort of sawing,
and the motion and roughening in
crease the liability to rupture.
Trapneata and Dry Feed.
Prof. Chambers, referred to in our
last Issue, ascribes his success to in
telligent feeding, good care and trap
nesting. His hens receive dry feed
entirely. He gives a light feed of
whole wheat and corn three times a
day, scattering the grain in the litter.
He keeps before his hens all the time
In self-feeding hoppers, a dry mash
made of the following mixture:
Bran .. 200
Alfalfa meal 200
Corn meal I-100
Linseed meal ...100
Meat, bone and blood.,. 100
All these are mixed with a little
salt and cayenne pepper.
Sllllt for Ponltrr.
Poultry and dairy farming go well
together. Milk fed to poultry In all
forms, produces good results. How
ever, care should be taken to keep th
dishes clean and swat
PRESIDENT'S PRIVATE WIRE.
C. P. Taft Will Par 24,000 a Year
for Dally Chat With Brother.
"Hello, Bill! How are things at the
White House r
'Fine!" (or the reverse, probably.)
"I never felt better in my life. How's
things in dear old Clncy?"
"Couldn't be better. How much do
you weigh to-day?"
This kind of conversation .will soon
be passing over a leased telephone line
running through Pittsburg, and the
line, to all inquirers, will always be
For Brother Charles P. Taft, he of
the Vandyke beard, and big bank roll,
is going to have a private telephone
service from his home in Cincinnati
to the White House in Washington,
and all without a cent of cost to
Brother Bill, the Pittsburg Post says.
Brotherly love will go a long way,
but greater love no brother has had
than this, to string a private telephone
wire 725 miles long so he can talk
a few minutes each evening In a pure
ly social chat
Officials of the local offices of the
American Telephone and Telegraph
Company received details of Charles
P. Taft's plan for the first time. The
wire will be operated within two or
three weeks. One of the company's
regular trunks will be put In service
for the purpose and from 6 o'clock in
the evening until 6 o'clock in the
morning it will be at the disposal of
the President and his brother.
"It will cost Charles P. Taft $24,000
a year to have this dally chat," said
one of the Pittsburg officials of the
company yesterday. The man quoted
Is an old friend of Manager Clark, who
is putting the deal through.
"For a twenty-four-hour wire," he
continued, "It would cost Mr. Taft
$52,000 a year; that's $1,000 a week.
If Mr. Taft wanted to talk to the Pres
ident during the day instead of during
the evening the cost of a leased day
wire would be $28,000 a year, or $4,000
more than he will pay."
The wires over which this most pri
vate line of conversation will pass will
roughly follow the line of the Pan
handle railroad from Cincinnati to
Pittsburg and thence to Washington
roughly along the line of the Balti
more & Ohio. President Taft's laugh
will gurgle through the cities of Co
lumbus and Pittsburg and over the
mountains near Cumberland.
No outside hand will manipulate the
plugs and no outside ear will hear the
words, as the line will be kept private
in the strictest sense.
The Women1! National Game.
There is always something impres
sive about a crowd that is swayed by
a single emotion; you get an Impres
sion of force, says Mary Heaton Vorse
in Success Magazine. These women,
who a few moments ago had been quiet
shoppers, formed a mob. They swayed
and pushed as though moved by a com
mon impulse toward a table where
were the embroideries. From their
throats came a little dull growl, a cu
rious noise the whisper of a. mob.
The noise of a mob In joy or in anger
or In fright, or just its restless mur
mur as It waits, Is different from any
other noise that comes from the human
throat quite distinct, of a curious an
imal timber. I heard it once on the
occasion of the throwing of a bomb;
again from a crowd waiting for a bank
to open, and a third time in a theater
when fire had been called; and now
here it was in miniature from a cou
ple of hundred women waiting to buy
ten-cent embroideries. They were poor
women with shawls and baskets,
women with babies in their arms,
women with threadbare clothes care
fully brushed, who must think before
spending each dime in the dollar, but
for once Indulging in the great sport
of American women bargain hunting.
Hnmor and Morality.
We have extirpated gross humot
rrom our modern literature, but we
must not suppose that we are there
fore more moral than the Elizabeth
ans, whose literature was full of gross
humor. It may be that we are only
more afraid of ourselves and each
other. This kind of fear Is destructive
not only of gross humor, but of humor
of all kinds. In its essence humor is
brave as it is honest, but with cow
ardice and dishonesty there come
base substitutes for it, substitutes that
make fun of noble things with a hu
morous air, and so bring humor itself
Into discredit London Times.
A Great Myatery Solved.
How many hairpins does a woman
use when doing her hair? The hair
pin editor has Investigated and makes
this report: "She uses just as many
as she has. It she has only two hair
pins she makes her hair stay up with
two, but if she finds twenty in the top
bureau drawer she uses all of them.".
He There goes that handsome wld
She Widow? Why, she's only a
The Other Extreme.
Fame sets her laurel on your brow,
But, sure as you are born,
Misfortune sets her foot somehow ''
Right square upon your corn.
TRIALS of the NEEDEMS
WANT TOCIVE THEM TO A BEGGAR. HUH7
DO YOU WANT TO MAKE A BEGGAR OF MQ
BY GIVING EVERYTHING AWAY '
X WHY. JOHN. WU.(?2K
11 KNOW YOt NEV)lVi
V jier wear them ryjr
UL (HF.KE5 A QUAXTOR.
rr!k flippy- took a
JRlf fyLtAST NIGHTS
RESOLVED. THAT CHARITY GENERALLY recins
WHEN THE LIVER AND BOWELS ARS RIGHT
Kunon-a raw raw mis coax tne uvev
Into activity by gentle methods. They d4
not scour, grip or weaken, Tbey are a
tonic to tlia stomach, liver and nerves;
invigorate Instead of weaken. They en
rich the blood and enable the stomach to
set all the nourishment from food that 1
put Into It These pills contain no calo
md; they are soothing-, healing and stlm
tlutlng. For tale by all drag-gists in loo
and 25c slzpfl. If yon need medical ad
vice. write Mnnyon's Doctors. They will
adrlne to the best of their ability abso
lutely free of Charge. MONTO.V'8, d
aula rfcueravu ai x i,iiuclyl
Sand 10c for trial packagu.
What is the use of a child's going to
school to learn mere grammar? Such
evidently Is the opinion of the mother
of a girl whose teacher Instructed her
to purchase a book on that subject
According to a writer in the Burr Oak
Herald, Lulu came back the next day
with this explanatory letter:
I do not desire for Lulu shall In
gage in grammar, as I prefer her in
gage in y useful studies, and can learn
her how to spoke and write properly
myself. I have went through two
grammars, and I can't say as they did
me any good, I prefer her ingage in
german and drawing and vocal music
on the piano.
"Going to start a paper, are youl
What do you Intend to call It?"
"What's the explanation?"
"Why, some day, I hope. It will gro
to be a World, a Globe, a Star, a Sun
or something of that kind, you know.
Warden You'il get six months foi
Prisoner Just my blooming luck.
Only had my hair cut last night
Threepence chucked away, as yos
might say. Illustrated Bits.
Frightful Possibility. .
"But what will you do," asked hU
confidential friend, "if they Imprison
"If they threaten to do that" answer
ed the financial magnate, with a frowa,
"I'll send orders to my agents to start
the biggest panlo this country evei
Gladdening Ills Heart.
"Dear papa," wrote the little girl a.
the summer resort "I have gained sil
ounces in weight since we came here
Mamma sends her love. Please writ
to us to-morrow. Send your love an .
all the money you can spare." Chlca-'
Judge The wltnemi tnM oil
happoned on the second floor. Now,
why do you ob.lect to his tnino ..h.i
happened on the third floor?
counsel Uecnuse, if It please youf
honor, that Is another story. Brook-
Sorry, but Bearing Up Well.
'Tm truly sorry, ma'am," said Old
Hunks to the widow, to see you la
such hard luck. You mustn't let 11
distress you, though. It may be all
for the best."
Then he went and foreclosed thl
If you wish a high-class hair
dressing, we are sure Ayer's
Hair Vigor, new improved for
mula, will greatly please you.
It keeps the hair soft and
smooth, makes It look rich and
luxuriant, prevents splitting at
the ends. And it keeps the
scalp free from dandruff.
Does nor f fwnye the color of tht hafr.
rormula wlthsh bottu
Show II ta
Ask him about l.
than do m I
At the nme time the new Ayer's Hsit
Vigor Is i strong hair tonic, promoting
the growth of the hair, keeping all the
'"J of h '' 1p In a healthy
condition. The hair stops falling, dsn'
drill! dlatnnB A .Ki.ju . ' .
. rrm. n yicnuio. arcsiini.
V . a Ayst Lowu, hUa