Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
Lincoln County Leader.
J. r. ITIWAKTi Pwbllahar.
More Placer Mines Discovered
Near Goler, California.
THE GOVEEXOE IS CONDEMNED.
Large Lump of Beeswax Two
Ocean Steamers en Uoute
for Puget Sound.
The British Columbia shinglemakers
have combined to keep up prices.
A cliicken epidemic is depopulating
the henroosts of the lower Kogue river
The Riverside Fruit Exchange nays no
fruit injured hy the late freeze will be
sent Kant to market.
Waldo M. York ban been appointed
Superior Judge at Iam Angeles to suc
ceed the late Judge Wade.
The name of the postoflice at Pond
d'Oreille, Kootenai county, Idaho, hah
been changed to Hand Point.
Ashland, Or., is bringing to its aid the
chuingang and bread-and-water diet in
dealing with the tramp question.
Steps have been taken at San Jose to
form a county wine exchange similar in
purpose to that of the fruit exchange.
j oriuimi a lyiiainour 01 ivomiuerre I on-
i, -ii i ., t
demns Governor Pennoyer's statements
in his open letter to President Clove
Heceivers were appointed for the At
luuiiu mm 1 Mi-iuc ttt PiituuiA, A. T., on
application to the Supreme Court of the
The Mare Island authorities are in
dignant over an article In a San Fran
cisco paper charging the marine contin
gent were being starved.
Many Sacramento officials profioso to
test the legality of the new charter, and
will not surrender their ollices until
they ate required to do so by a court de
cision. The City Auditor at Critnt's Pass. Or.,
refused to cash a bill the Council had
ordered to bo paid, when the Council de
posed him, and the citizens are raising
money to aid him in his contest before
Tho lowor California Development
Company has obtained a concession from
the Mexican government for the estab
lishment of a mull steamship service be
tween the ports of San Diego, Knsenada
and Sun Quontin.
An Inquiry mode for tho 1,000 oil
painting of facoma, which was exhib
ited at Chicago during the World's Fair,
shows it is in hock in Chicago as security
for funds advanced on account of the
Merchants' National Bank of Tacumu.
Olllcial statistics just compiled at
Port TowiiMcnd show 2,3.r0 Chinese pas
sengers in transit irom the Uncut hy
way of the Cunudiaii steamers landed
in Portland and Astoria last year. With
the exception of 500 all ohtuined admit
tance as mcrclituitH.
Walter Chedick, a Carson business
mull, proposes that the State flout $.'!,
000,000 3 per cent IkiikIs to build a roud
through Diamond Valley, around the
south end of Luke Tuhoe, along I.ako
Valley and down the American river to
the Sacramento, making Nevada a com
William Morton and Ocorgo Mocsscr
in an extended prospecting tour on the
desert, ulsiut 200 miles north of Sun
Bernardino, t'al., and about forty miles
from (ioler, discovered placer mines
never before known, and gathered sev
eral largo nuggets as the result uf one
The Public Administrator at Sun Jose
bus tiled u statement of the condition of
1 lit estate of 0. 0. Haywnrds, who, it
was aliened, took and squandered the
money of the Santa Clara Bank while
he was cashier, there will lie alsjut
$10,000 to distribute among the heirs, If
the hank doesn l file a claim.
i no iiouiesiiike goin mine, known as
the Neul mine and situated hi the Nenl
district, eighteen miles from Boise City,
Idaho, bus lcc n sold to persons con
nected with the Omaha anddrant Smelt
ing Company. The price? is said to I hi
t.ni.uou. tins is the mine over which
there bus recently been some sensational
The Pucillc Coast Council of Trades in
session at Sacramento has declared in
favor of the municipal ownership of gas,
electric light, water works, street rail
ways, the iiatinulir-'.ion of telegraph,
telephone and railway lines ami postal
savings h.uks, compulsory education up
to 10 years and eight hours' lubor a day.
A huge lump of beeswax was recently
brought up from the Nchiilcm by a set
tler in that section and sold to M. J.
Kinney of Astoria, Or., for $25. Its di
mensions are about S'x'-'il feet, ami on
one of the sides are three letters, but so
indistinct that they cannot hodeciphcred.
It was found near the spot on the beach
where a Spanish vessel is supposed to
have gone ashore many years ago, and
where so much of the wax has lieon
found from time to time for twenty years
Collector Wise has discovered a big
smuggling ring, with headquarters in
Kan I rancisco, Frederick Miller, lieorge
Wiehiiiun, a candy dealer, and l.ow
Greenwood have been arrested for smug
gling $;l0,000 worth of opium and ille
gally landing thirteen Chinese. Two
other members of the ring, Voss and
SorctiKon, w ere arrested some time ngo
in Sacramento, were released on liail
ami are now in Victoria, It. C. The
schooner Esmeralda was chartered, and
brought down from Victoria l,n00ouuds
of opium and thirteen Chinese, all of
whom were successfully landed. Kx-ln-spectors
of Customs I'attison and Noyes
At a meeting of the Portland Tsxpny
eis' Committee of 100 the first step to
ward alsilishing the Port of Portland
Commission was taken. The commis
sion was created several years ago bv
the Oregon legislature, and was given
Miwer to create a twenty-llvo-loot chan
nel from Portland to the sea. Bonds
aggregating 1500,000 were Issued, and
the Columbia and Willamette were im
proved so that a great portion of Oregon
and Washington reaped the licnent ol
the improvements. The emimiiudou
lately has lscn spending money in mak
ing a new channel at Snag Island in the
Columbia at an outlay of a large sum,
while it is claimed the old channel could
be improved at a much less cost, (liber
charges of iiccUlcssexpeiidiliireof money
have Into made, and now it is deter
mined to stop it. With this olijeet In
view the committee will appeal to the
next legislature to abolish the commit-liou.
THE .NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Senator Dolph has introduced a joint
resolution allowing a number of settlers
titles to laii is ou the Umatilla reserva
tion. The Kavv DeDartment has assigned
the TlietiB, now at ban Diego, Cal., to
the duty of conducting surveys along the
The Committee on Indian Affairs has
reported favorably Representative Ellis'
bill extending the time of the Umatilla
Ditch Company for three years.
The Banking and Currency Committee
has decided to lay aside till the tariff bill
is disposed of the bill for the repeal of
the tax on State bank circulation.
It is understood the Senate Commerce
Committee has agreed to report unfavor
ably the nomination of Scott Harrison,
brother of ex-President Harrison, to be
Surveyor of Customs at Kansas City.
Senator Mitchell has secured an order
from the Postoflice Department estab
lishing a tri-weekly mail from IJalscy to
isrownsville on alternate days with the
mail that now reaches Brownsville from
Portland on the railroad.
In the Senate a memorial from the
Legislature of Idaho wag read, praying
for dredging the Spokane river by the
federal government as a means of lower
ing the level of Comr d'Alene Lake and
reclaiming submerged land.
A Cabinet officer has stated that the
contingency upon which the Secretary
of the Treasury could issue bonds with
out Congressional action was when the
gold reserve in the Ireasury was invaded
to such a point as in the judgment of
the Secretary to impair public confidence.
That point, he paid, had almost, if not
quite, been reached.
It is stated in official circles that then
is no probability of the international
monetary conference reconvening in the
spring, as was thought likely some time
ago. At least Hie suggestion for it to re
lie will not emanate from the
United States. This information has
I l .l t i. .
oeen conveycu to ine uriiisn government
u? e.Teiary .resnam,
General Wheeler, Chairman of the
Committee on Territories, has no hope
ol getting up the hill lor the admission
of New Mexico until after tho tarilF bill
is disposed of. Delegate Smith of Ari
zona, whose bill for the admission of his
Territory lias already passed the House,
says there is nodouhtol favorable action
In the Senate.
It is said Cleveland has called for the
resignation of members of the Utah
Commission with a view to increasing
its elllciency. It is represented that
there are conflicting Interests among its
mciuhcrs, and that good government will
be subserved by a new deal. When the
Democrats in Congress come to admit
Utah as a State the commission will die
a natural death.
The Civil Service Commission has
completed the schedule of examinations
that will he held during tho first six
mouths ol the present year to fill post
lions in the railway mail and Indian
services, r.xamiiiuuous will he held as
follows: KoHchurg, Or., April 20; Port-
lund, dr., April 1; Seattle, Wash.
April 27; Walla Walla, Wash., May 1
and SM)knue, Wash., May 3.
The House Committeo on Naval Af-
(airs has ordered an adverse report on
the resolution introduced in the House
by Mr. Holman of Indiana, directing the
Secretary of the Navy to suspend until
liirtlier nonce was received Irom t on
ureas all payments of premiums for in
creused speed in naval vessels and call
ing on him for information relative to
the amount of premiums heretofore paid
and the manner of determining the
amounts ot these awards.
Mr, Bowers of California appeared lie-
fore the House Committee on liiversund
llarlsirs the ot her day in support of
plan to protect the mouth of Sun Diego
Jiuy Iroiu shoaling, the plan content
plates building a jettv lit the mouth of
the hurlsir a mile and a half long. The
object Is to cut olf u lateral channel that
has been forming at the mouth of the
harbor, there is now about twenty
three feet of water on the bar at low
tide. The building of the jetty would
increase it to twenty-six feet.
In the Semite Allen. Populist of No
braska, called up his resolution directing
thu fvcrctarv ol the 1 reasurv to Inform
the Senate from what source the gold
com of this country outside tho Federal
Treasury was Increased to the amount of
t8H.000.000 durum the fiscal vear l.Hir.l,
as expressed in his recent report for that
year. Dolph Joined with the Populist
Senator in expressing inability to com
prehend the rewrt of the Secretary of
the ireasury, and thu resolution of in
quiry whs adopted without dissent.
Senator Dolph has rciortcd from the
l oinmlltee on I uhhe Lands and secured
the passage of Senator Mitchell's bill to
uulhorir.e a patent to bo issued to Will
iaui llendershott for a donation claim in
Oregon. He has also secured the has
snge of the House bill to authorize proofs
in timUir land entries to lie made More
olllccrs authorized to take proofs In home
stead cases, and also ol his bill to au
thorite a corrected patent to the Whee-liH'k-Simnious
donation claim in II ills
Uiro, Or., and to grunt to the State a
tract of land for the Crater Lake Park.
'I he Investigation of the water re
sources of the United States undertaken
by tho geological survey bus been prac
tically completed. The work was com
menced In Octolier, 1811, with the object
of determining the quantity of water
available (or the irrigation o( arid lauds
of the West and for use as water vower.
Studies have Urn made ot most of the
drainage basins west of the 100th merid
ian, as well as several catchments of the
Fast. Scientists have devoted a large
part o( the time in the examination of
the "run oil's" o( the Missouri, Arkan
sas, Itio Grande and Snake rivers. Ge
ologist Newell of the survey said in an
interview: "It docs not appear prob
able that even 10 ier cent of the laud
now owned by the government can ever
lie irrigated. ' In (act, there is not a suf
ficient supply of water to bring under
cultivation arid laud equal totlmt which
has passed into the hands of individuals
and corporations. These are, however,
localities where thousands o( acres can
le profitably irrigated by the construc
tion of dams and irrigating canals."
Secretary Carlisle has received from
Attorney-General Olney an opinion in
which he holds that the Chinese exclu
sion act and prior acts regarding the
Chinese ermil Chinese laborer coming
or going to countries other than the
United States to pass in transit to the
country of destination through the
I'nl ted States. Thisqiiestion wassuhmit
ted to the Attorney-General some time
ago by Secretary Carlisle, (or the rcaoon
that it is alleged that a number of Chi
namen while in transit stop oil' at points
in this country ami thereby gain admis
sion in violation of the law. Munv Chi
nese laborers, too, it is said, who land at
San Francisco from China, destined fot
Cuba, return to this eountrv by wuvof
Key West, Fla , or by points on the
Mexican border, holding certificates as
" merchants " fraudulently obtained. It
was to stop these avenues that tin
Tnasury IVrtinent consulted the At
toriiey-Gcneral, hoping that his opinion
would K that the law could r so con
stuie.l as to prevent Chinese laborer
from passing through the United State
The Attorney-General has not been able
to gratify the department bv carrying
out this expectation.
Peter Jackson's Constitution
Ruined by Drink.
THE NICARAGUA CANAL COMPANY
Mrs. Frances B. Clarke Deserts the
Episcopal Church Oar Total
Yield of Wool for '93.
Thousands of Texas sheep are starv
ing on the prairies.
A home for ship builders has been es
tablished in rew York.
The organ of the Chicago saloonkeep
ers is called Mixed Drinks.
There were 315 suicides in New York
last year, against 241 in 1802.
Texas railroads killed 180 people and
injured during last year.
Over 2.0X) New York painters have
deserted the Knights of Labor.
Mrs. Cyrus W. Field has applied for a
receiver lor her millinery business.
New York civil-service reformers are
trying to form an anti-spoils league.
Cincinnati is about to expend $1,000.-
000 upon the improvement of her parks.
Several St. Louis dairies have been
condemned as nuisances by the Board of
The Brooklyn Citv Railroad Cnmnsnv
will equip 1,000 of its cars witli life
fenders. The German Americans of Kansas are
preparing for a vigorous anti-prohibition
The National Hice Manufacturing Com
pany of New Orleans has completed the
nrst rice elevator.
Knights of Labor officials are trying
to mortgage the headquarters in Phila
delphia for f20,000.
the government is to erect ot Sandy
Hook a search light larger than the one
at the World's Fair.
The grip has attacked a tribe of In
dians up in Wisconsin, and has in sev
eral cases proved fatal.
The conference of transcontinental
railroad lines at Chicago has failed to
agree ujion anything so far.
The fire underwriters are lending a
vigorous hand in the war against the
trolley on Manhattan island.
It is Predicted that over 1,000 miles of
railroad will lie built In Texas this year
notwithstanding tue nuru times.
lteHjrts from Dallas, Tex., are to the
oiled that Mexican rebels are organizing
all ulong the itio u ramie border.
It is stated that Aztec Indians in Mex
ico will join the Yaqtiis in their light
against ttie Mexican government.
Another spun of the I-oiiisvillo and
JeH'ersonvillo bridgo is reported to be
out of perpendicular and in danger of
The New York, Olympia and other big
war ships, it is understood, will patrol
the Pacific next summer to prevent seal-
r.rie railroad directors have Issued a
notice to road's security holders propos
mg a new mortgage to secure $70,000,000
The South Carolina roast is luting
watched to prevent contraband wur ma
terial from leaving to aid. the Brazilian
The total yield of wool in the United
States lust year is estimated at 3!4,3&0,-
(idU iouiids, ttie largest crop ever made
in one year.
A good gold find bus just been made
In the Esther shaft of the Wolcott
ground within six blocks of the leading
iiioroughlure ol lAudville, (Jol.
The smallest immigration lust year
came Irom ales, the number being
oniy nh, while the heaviest rush wus
from Italy, which sent us 05,200.
The totul value of tho crops of the
United States during 181(3 is estimated
at $:l,000,000,000, ol which the largest
item is tmi.uuu.uuu worth ol hay.
Judge Guillett of the Valparaiso (tnd.l
Judicial Court proisises to give nil crim
inals who are habitual drunkards the
gold cure instead ot prison sentences,
The State ol Connecticut is swarming
with bunco men who have hccii driven
out of New York, and it is said that
many of them are in a destitute condi
tion. Only thirty-five vessels havelaen built
at Baltimore during 18113, while sixtv
one were built there in 1S02. The regis
tered tonuuge showed an even greater
The employes of the Philadelphia city
government are contributing 1 per cent
of their salaries for the relief of the poor,
ami win continue to do so while the dis
A bill to prohibit the running of rail
road trains, freight, passenger or even
mail, in Ninth t aroliua on Sunday has
la-en introduced in the Legislature of
Charles Henderson of Wellston, O., is
titling out an expedition to seek (or
treasure which he claims was secreted
in a cave on an island in the South Seas
forty years ago.
Peter Jackson, the colored prine
lighter, has ruined his constitution bv
excessive drink, it is positively asserted
by a well-jxwlod sportsman that Peter
w ill never apear in tho ring again.
Komco Pagliostro was an applicant tor
naturaliratioii papers oclorea New lork
court recently, and when the Judge asked
him who was' the Chief F.xccutive ol the
United States he answered confidently,
" Tamilian lliithtv" He got his walking
Major Graham Davis of North Caro
lina is actively interesting himself In a
movement to save from rum the old fort
of Sir Walter Kalcigti on the eastern
coast and preserve to the State the ground
on which ii was num.
The students who enter Hillsdale
iMich.) t ollege single cannot get mar
ried dqring their course and remain in
the college. People already married,
however, are not burrvd. This is in ac
cordance w ith a new rule laid dow n by
the faculty and just made public.
Mrs. Frances B. Clarke of St. Paul.
Minn., has deserted the Episcopal
Church, and Is now on Iter way to Koine
lo liccome a Catholic. Mrs. Clarke is
the wealthiest woman tit Minnesota, and
her husband i one of the most promi
nent men. She was President of the
World's Fair Board at Chicago, and at
tracted a great deal ol attention Utli
because of her beauty and ability.
A plan ol reorganiiation or adjustment
I the Nicaragua Canal Company is be
ing prepared, at the city ol New York,
hivli will he fuller, (ranker and more
quitahle than the one the stockholder
ire now asked to assent to. and they w ill
H asked to join in the appointment of a
MUitmttce composed ol men ol national
cputation, strict integrity and ability
o reorvsniie the company or adinat it's
iitair in the la-tt interests of all the
There ia a prospect that the Panama
scandal may be revived in France.
China is manning a chain of forts all
along her seacoast with Krupp gung.
Mrs. Langtry has purchased the Cob
ham Park stud farms in England for
Great Britain, France and Russia each
contribute 120,000 a year to the civil list
of the King of Greece.
The malady from which the King of
Siain is now suffering is due to the abase
of alcoholic stimulants.
England's Admirality has ordered a
new cruiser that will make at least
twenty-three knots an hour.
The harbor of Glasgow will soon be
undermined by seven tunnels, running
at a safe distance under its bed.
The decision of the Court of Appeals
in Holland that kissing is not an offense
has attracted some attention in Europe.
Russia's revenue fell olf about $10,
000,000 in the last nine months of 1893,
compared with the similar period in 1802.
Lobengula is on the banks of the Zam
besi with Z.000 voumr warriors. He pro
poses to keep up the fight with the Brit-
Labor agitators in F.nirland are enlist
ing public sympathy in behalf of the
overworked barmaids, of whom there are
Emperor William of Germany was
much pleased with one of his Christmas
presents. It was a bust of himself made
of plaster of paris.
Under a law recently put in force in
France only physicians graduated in
France are allowed to use the title " Doc
tor" in that country.
The tax imposed on women for wearing
trousers by the French government
ranges irom iu to nil. but all women
are not given this privilege.
The name most whispered now as the
strongest candidate for Pope to succeed
Pope Io XIII. is Monsignor Dominico
Jacobini, the Papal Nuncio in Lisbon.
When the Paris Salon of 1894 closes
next June the Palais de Plndustrie will
Ihi devoted to an exhibition of Ixxiksand
of all industries connected with paper.
The bicycle has brought aliout the re
opening of many of the old-time country
hotels in France, which had closed long
ago because of the introduction of rail
roads. It is said that in making racing and
pleasure Isiuts French constructors are
creeping rapidly up to their English ri
vuls and are seriously striving to over
A new insurance company is being
organized at Berlin by a body of respon
sible men, mainly jewelers, to insure
the members against losses at tha hands
A remarkable arclucologicul discovery
is announced from Treves. In excavat
ing the old Roman walls close to the Mo
selle a complete Roman pottery entail
ment was discovered.
In Italy oil is now made from grape
seed. When perfectly clean and well
dried the seeds are ground like wheat.
Thu finer the flour thus obtained the
greater the yield of oil.
A letter received from Sumarcand de
scribes the ravages of the famine through
out Turkestan. The cause of the famine
is the excessive cultivation of cotton to
the exclusion of cereals.
English scientists are very much wor
ried over the results of an investigation
which has shown bevond doubt that the
seas around the British coast are being
rapidly exhausted of fish.
ine rate ol mortality ot lxjndon is
shown by a recent report to have stead
ily decreased with the introduction and
perfection of adequate menus of dispos
ing of the sewage of the city.
According to a decision just rendered
by the Supreme Court of tho German
Empire boycotting is not forbidden by
the law of the land, although it is to be
condemned on moral grounds.
Camels have been introduced upon a
farm not fur from Kiell', Russia. Ai
present eighteen camels are at work
plowing, and their keep is found to cost
much less than that of horses.
Madrid is to emulate Chicago. A rovnl
edict bus lieen promulgated, and on April
1, 1894, there will be opened in the Span
ish capital an international exhibition
that will last until Octolier ;ll.
Another Communist colony is to be
started in Fast Africa. Everything will
Is) managed by voluntary groups of self
governing men, who will own all thev
can raise, but have no exclusive right to
The cold weather causes the greatest
misery in many quarters of Berlin, and
additional slselters have been opened for
the accommooation of the 2.000 or more
people who receive coltce and bread free
Prof. Tyndall's death by accidental
poisoning has served to draw attention
to the fact that in 1892 no less than 500
out of the 870 deaths certified as having
heen caused hy poison were duo to mis
At au inquest held in England recent
ly the evidence brought to light the
queer fact that the life of the dead man
hail been insured by a liquor denier
whose bur he chietlv" patronized. This
practice is said to obtain to a consider
able extent in England.
The Bank of France has put in circu
lation notes printed on ramie paper.
The notes are of the same form as the
old-fashioned ones, but the new paper is
lighter and at the same time firmer than
the old, and permits a clearer impres
sion, rendering counterfeiting more dif
ficult. The English rival to the Eiffel tower
at eniblev Park will probably lie com
pleted bv the end of this vear. The
tower has a general resemblance to that
of Eill'el, hut is more pointed and slen
der. The four legs which support it are
founded in concrete to a depth of seventy-live
feet, and stand :t00 feet apart.
The entire work is of steel.
IjisI Septenilvr Sarah Bernhardt was
roblied of t50,lXH) worth of jewelry in Rio
Janeiro, and the suspected thief was
tried for it. The Paris Evenment pub
lished a pretended interview w it Ii Sarah,
in w hich she confessed, the whole thing
was an advertisement. This article had
the cll'cct after it reached Kio of causing
the prisoner to be discharged. Now that
Sarah has returned to Paris she sues for
iil.000 damage in that first the legal
proceedings at liio were alwndoned and
that the article reflected personally upon
Chicago is to cremate its garbage.
Separate the hogs wanted for butcher
ing from the stink hogs and sows. Put
them in a small warm jkmi and feed well
until time to slaughter.
Mort boiled cotton seed for the cows
should le used in the South. That is,
not more by the Individual farmer, who,
if he use it all, puts it in with other
rations, as it i loo rich to feed alone;
hut more farmers should utiliie this
food in a section where dairying is at
last liecomitig rvoogtiue! as a iiiost prof-'
The Exposition Started on the
Road to Success.
EASTERN VISITORS IN ECSTACY.
The 11th of June Has Been Set
Apart as Hawaiian Day All
the Bailding-s Ready.
fWesVly Circular Letter-No. .
The semi-official opening of the Cali
fornia Midwinter International Exposi
tion took place on the 1st ot January,
according to the original announcement.
Owing to the delay caused in shipping
foreign exhibits from Chicago, it was
understood, of course, that everything
would not be in readiness on that date,
tut the buildings were completed, a
fcreat many of the concessional feature
were in full operation, and the Exposi
tion was practically started on the road
The day could not have been more
beautiful if it had been made to order.
Eastern people visiting California for
the first time went into ecstacies over a
New Years Day so much like the grand
est April day in other parts of the world.
There were flowers blooming on eyery
hand, and the deep green foliage formed
a striking background for the gala day
costumes of the thousands of ladies who
thronged Golden Gate Park until the
lun went down. Early on this beautiful
midwinter morning flags were hoisted
on each and every flagstaff on the build
ings and in and about the Exposition
grounds; there were concerts during the
day by the great Midwinter Fair band,
and thousands of people availed them
selves of the opportunity to view the
buildings and to witness the speciul at
tractions which were offered.
Among the concessions which opened
op ou New Year's Day were the Santa
Burbara sea lion exhibit, Boone's wild
animal arena, the Ostrich farm, Heidel
berg castle, the Vienna Prater, the Col
orado gold mine, the Japanese Garden,
the Scenic Railway, and a great many
others. The Santa Barbara sea lions
will evidently prove to be one of the
great drawing cards of the Exposition.
This is one of the entirely new features
one that was not seen at Chicago.
Those who witnessed the performance
in the wild animal arena, and who had
seen the siniiliar performance on the
Midway Plaisance iu Chicago, say that
Boone's show rivals Hagenbeck'B in every
particular, and surpassess it iu many.
The scenio railway did a remarkable
business; the crowds in fact being greater
than could be easily accommodated.
The Ostrich farm was also well patron
ized, while Heidelberg and Vienna were
full of visitors all day long. These con
cessionaires, as well as others not speci
fied in this connection, are very well sat
isfied with their start, uud feel confident
that when the Exposition gets in run
ning order, their dearest hopes in the
line of money making will be realized.
Notwithstanding the fact thut there
were no speciul attractions of a general
nature provided for this semi-official
opening day, there were about 10,000
people who paid for admission to the
grounds. The price of admission is only
25 cents as yet, the 50 cent rate will not
be established until the official ceremon
ial opening. The date when the open
ing ceremonies will take place has. not
yet been definitely fixed. It will prob
ably be about the 15th or 20th of this
month. It will depend largely upon the
rapidity with which exhibits arrive and
are installed. All the buildings are
ready, and a great many exhibits lire
now lieing arranged, but it will be fully
the middle of the month before every
thing will be in readiness.
When the gland day of ceremonial
opening comes, there will be an elaborate
program of exercises, in which all the
tate, municipal und federal officials of
f the Pacific Coast will participate.
The merchants and residents of San
Francisco are making extensive prepara
tions to decorate their stores and resi
dences and the Exposition will hav? the
grandest "send off" ever accorded to any
enterprise in this part of the world.
There have been received by the chief
of the Department of Publicity and Pro
motion a great many queries in regard
to editorial courtesies which are to be
extended during the Exposition. Some
of the querists seem to fancy that the
Exposition will, in some way, arrange
for railway transportation for visiting
editors. This, however, is not the case.
The Exposition management has nothing
to do with transportation, but every ed
itorial visitor to San Francisco, upon
presentation of credentials to the Depart
ment of Publicity and Promotion, will
be provided with a pass to the Exposi
U m during the term of his stay in San
Francisco. Visiting editors may rest
assured, therefore, that they will lie
taken care of in this regard, and that
any other courtesy which it is possible
for the Exposition management to ex
tend to them will be gladly accorded.
Monday, the Itth of June, is the day
that has been set apart as "Hawaiian
Day," and that occasion will bs taken
advantage of for the making of a special
effort in the way of a general entertain
ment in which the Hawaiian concession
sires will piny the part of hosts. A part
of the program will consist of a parade
by the entire foreign contingent, headed
by the Hawaiian uational band of forty
pieces, which was formally the Royal
bond of Honolulu. Among other feu
lures of the day will lie a horse race
with female riders, sitting astride, as b
the native custom. There "will also bt
native field sports, including feuciug,
lar throwing and hcola dancing. On
Waikiki la$n, within the Hawaiian
village enclivnre, there will be a com
prehensive exhibition of aquatic sports.
The event of the day, however, will be a
luau, or native feast, to which the offic
ials of the fair, the imtuicipal officer,
the press, and others will be invited.
Gurtda will tit on mats and eat from a
table a foot and a half from the ground.
Roast pig and baked dog, cooked in ti
leaves, broiled devil fish, and a large
number of other Indian fish also cooked
in leave, native fruits and, of course,
pot" with every course, will be some of
the items of the menu. It will require
about a week of prepartiou to properly
get up a luau, and cooks and provisions
are to be specially imported from the
Hawaiian Ialauda for this treat.
THE PORTLAND MARKETS.
Whsat Vaiiey, 92tec; Walla Walla,
80(281c per cental
Easter Smoeio Miats axd Lard
llama, medium, 12113c per pound;
hams, large, 11.412,'sc; hams, picnic,
11 ra 12c; breakfast bacon, 13(3 16c;
short clear sides. llg 13c; dry salt sides,
lO'igllc; dried beef hams, 12,S 13c;
lard, compound, in tins, (aiOc per
pound; pure, in tins, ll$13,lac; pigs'
feet, 80s,t5.50; pigs' feet, 40s, 3.00.
HOPS, WOOL AMD HIDBS.
Hops '93s, choice, 1516c per pound;
medium, 1012c; poor, 5ft 7c.
Wool Valley, 10gllc per pound;
Umpqua, ll(sl2c; Eastern Oregon, ti(g
10c, according to quality and shrinkage.
Hides Dry selected prime. 6c; green.
salted, 60 pounds and over, 3.'2e ; under
60 pounds, 2 3c; sheep pelts, shearlings,
1015c: medium, 2035c; long wool,
3060c; tallow, good to choice, 33c
UVI AMD DRESSED MEAT.
Bxsr Top steers, 2Uc per pound; fair
to good steers, zc; o. 1 cows, zc;
fair cows, l).jc; dressed beef, 3.605.00
per 100 pounds.
Mutton Best sheep, (2.00; choice
mutton, 1.752.00; lambs, $2.002.25,
Hoob Choice heavy, $4.66(45.00; me
dium, $4.00(24.60; light and feeders,
$4.00(34.50; dressed, $6.60.
Manilla rope, M in. cir. and up, 10,'u'c ;
manilla rope. 12-thread, diam., 11c;
manilla rope, 6 and 9-thread, hi and 5-10
diam., li2c; manilla Dan rope, in cons
or on reels, 10,'c; manilla latn yarn
tarred, 9c ; manilla hawser-laid rope well
boring, etc., 13c; manilla transmission-
of-power rope. 14c: manilla paper twine.
11c; manilla spring twine, 14c; sisal
rope, 1 '4' in. cir. and upward, 7c; sisal
rojie, 12-thread, diam., 7c; sisal
rope, 6 and 9-thread, 1 and 5-16 diam.,
8c; sisal lath yarn, tarred, 7c; hop-vine
twine, tarred, 7c; sisal paper twine, 8c.
FLOOR, FEED, ETC.
Floor Portland, $2.75; Salem, $2.75;
Cascadia, $2.76; Dayton, $2.75; Walla
Walla, $3.00; Snow-flake, $2.80 ; Corval-
11s, t.oo; 1 euuieiou, ?4.ou; Uiwuaui,
$2.40; superfine, $2.25 per barrel.
Oats V hue, 3334c per bushel ;
gray, 3132c; rolled, in bags, $6.26
6.60; barrels, $6.75(27.00; in cases, $3.75.
Millstuffs Bran, $1316; shorts,
$15( 1(3 ; ground barley, tl'H't 18 ; chop
feed, $15 per ton ; whole feed barley, 60
70c per cental; middlings, $23(428 per
ton; chicken wheat, 65c$1.15 per
Hay Good, $1012 per ton.
Butter Oregon fancy creamery. 30(3
32,'oc; fancy dairy, 26276c; fair to
good, 20(1 22 'ie; common, 10(217.'aC per
pound ; uaiuorni 1, ou(gooc per roll.
Cheese Oregon, 10(2 13c; Califor
nia, c; Young America, 1215c;
Swiss, imported, 3032c; domestic, 16
lc per pound.
Eoos Oregon, 20c per dozen; East
Poultry Chickens, mixed, quoted at
f-l.uuffio.uu per dozen ; ducks,$4.50(6.00
geese, $.uu; turkeys, live, 14c per
pound; dressed, 10c.
VEGETABLES AMD FRUITS,
Vegetables Cabbage, 1 !a' s per pound ;
potatoes, Oregon, 6076c per sack ; on
ions, fi.zo per sacs: ; sweet potatoes, Z'..c
per pound; California celery, 8690c;
artichokes, 85c $1.00 per dozen; Cali
fornia lettuce, 2025c per dozen; cauli
flower, $2.76 per crate, 90c per dozen ;
parsley, 25c per dozen ; sprouts, $1.00(9
1.25 per box; Btring beans, 15(g 18c per
pound; asparagus, 18(g20c per pound;
Los Angeles tomatoes, $2.00 per box.
Fruits Sicily lemons, $5.00(5.50 per
box; California fancy, $3.504.00; com
mon, $2.50(g3.00; bananas, $1.50(23.00
per bunch ; Honolulu, $1.602.50 ; Cali
fornia navels, $2.753.50 per box; seed
lings, 42.00tf2.75; Mexican, $3.50(tf 3.75;
Japanese, $1.75d2.00; apples (buying
price), green, 5065c per box j red, 60(g
75c; late winter pears, 6580c per box.
Canned Goods Table fruits, assorted,
$1.76(32.00; peaches, $1.852.00; Bart
lett pears, $1.762.00; plums, $1.37)
1.60; strawberries, $2.262.45; cherries,
$2.25(22.40; blackberries, $1.85(32.00;
laspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2.25(3
2.80; apricots, $1.65. Pie fruits,
assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.25; plums,
$1.00(31.20; blackberries, $1.261.40per
uozen. rie iruits, gallons, assorted,
to.ioiga.ou; peaciies, $3.6O4.0O; apn
cots, $3.60(34.00; plums, $2.75(33.00;
blackberries, $4.254.60 ; tomatoes,$1.10.
Meats Corned beef, Is, $1.40; 2s,
$2.10; chipped, $2.35; lunch tongue, Is,
$3.50; 2s. $6.75; deviled ham, $1.50(3
i.10 per uozen.
Fish Sardines, s, 75c$2.25; s,
$2.15(34.60; lobsters. $2.30(23.60: sal
mon, tin 1-lb talis, $1.251.60; flats,
$1.75;2-lbs, $2.26(32.50 ; -barrel, $5.50.
ATA PI. nDnrantH
Coffee Costa Rica, 23jc; Rio, 22
23c; Salvador, 23c; Mocha, 26$(3
i -aruucaie s, voiuuiDia and Lion,
luu-pounu cases, zourauc per pound
Dried Fruits 1893 pack, Petite
prunes, 0(d8c; silver, 10(3 12c; Italian,
8(dl0c; German. 6(i8c; plums, 6(3 10c:
evaporated apples, 8(3 10c; evaporated
imu.u,, luim;, peacues, lU(aii;'uc;
pears, 7 (3 11c per pound.
Salt Liverpool, 200s, $15.60; 100s.
$16.00; 60s. $16.60: stock. $S.50(t9.5O.
Syri-p Eastern, in barrels, 40(355c;
in half barrels, 42(357c; in cases, 35
80c per gallon ; $2.25 per keg; California,
in barrels, 20(3 40c per gallon ; $1.75 per
Sdgab D,4lsc; Golden C,c; extra
'-'i i-jc ; couiecuoners- A, ogc ; dry gran
ulated, 5'4c; cube, crushed and pow
dered, 67c per pound; f4'c per pound
discount on all grades for prompt cash;
maple sugar, 15(3 16c per pound.
Kick Xo. 1 Sandwich Island, $4.50(3
4.75: no Japan in market.
Beans Small white, Xo. l,24'ci No.
l2'c! '""Ve white, 2,c; pea beans,
- 4e, imia, i-gc, uayou, z-4c; Putter,
3c: Limn. 31 ,c twr rviiinil
I'll K I KS Barrels. Xn. 1 '8S'tn.. no.
gallon ; Xo. 2, 2ti(S28e; kegs, 5s, 85c per
eg; imii gauons. z.,o per dozen ; quar
ter gallons, $1.75 per dozen.
Kaisins lxjndon lavers, boxes, $1.75
f-1 00; halves, $2.00ei2.25; quarters,
$2.25(3 2., 5; eighths, $2.'s3(33.00. Loose
Muscateis, boxes, $1.60; fancy faced,
$1.75; bags, 3 crown, 4(350 per pound;
4 crown, 5id5'r. Seedless Sultanas,
boxes, $1.75(32.00; bags, 6S8c per
Sni Ks Whole Allspice, 18;5 20c per
pound; cassia, KV.USc; cinnamon, 22t
40c; cloves, lS .iSOc; black pepper, 20(3
25e; nutmeg, 75i80c.
Arllllclal !'( rroUurer.
A certain llerr Paul Rich in has in
vented a mist or fog bull with which to
envelop your enemy in a dee mist nav
even a thick fog. These foo- Iwll. .
easily broken spheres, containing am
uionia and acids, which, upon escaping
create a fog that envelops all aroun.t it
until blown away by the wind. Battles,
thoush. are not alwav fom-ht
less, calm days. But, aars the inventor
with this fog around them it will be inj.
possible for the enemv to find tha r.-.
or to reply to the fire of the attack.'
ew xote leiegram.
FARM AND GARDEN.
Cows Xeed Watering Twice a
Day in the Winter.
SEVERAL PITHY PARAGRAPHS.
A Man Should Xot Condemn a Thing
Until He Hag at Least Given
It a Trial-Pointers.
Cold-storage butter keeps best at a
temperature of about 20 degrees.
Color doesn't make the cow give milk.
Weigh the milk and test it in order to
judge of her worth.
Theoretically cows need watering twice
a day in winter, but in practice once a
day seems to be just as good.
Feed cows twice a day only twice.
Let them chew the cud well between
meals. They are built that way.
Wash and cook the potatoes that are
too small for market or for table use.
They are good for pigs or chickens.
Churn cream from strippers at a high
temperature in some cases as high as
70 degrees. The butter fat needs soften
ing. An exchange savs bran fed to cows
makes the cream harder to churn and
requires longer for the operation. It
works the other way for us.
Picking the potatoes over and remov
ing the rotten ones about once a month
during the winter will lessen the loss
from that source. Look after them once
before the holidays.
During the long winter evenimrs mm-h
of the theoretical knowledge of agricult
ure can do acquired. UDtain a few of
the best books on the subjects in which
you are specially interested, and read
them carefully and thoughtfully.
Lose no time now in making every
thing secure for winter. See that the
crops are properly stored, as it does not
pay to grow a thing and then let it spoil
before getting to market. One thing
that we would call attention to is that
you keep the potatoes from the light. A
dark, cool, dry place is what they want.
A man should not condemn a thing
until he has at least given it a trial. We
have observed that those who sneer at
intensive cultivation, extra heavy ma
nuring, etc., are the men who have never
attempted to practice them. A trial of
these methods is very apt to give one
some respect for them. SupHse you
make a little experiment in this direc
tion next season.
Double cropping is a matter that the
majority of farmers do not see their way
toward practicing. But- where it can be
done it is a pretty certain way in which
to increase the earnings of the land.
Crops must be used which do not require
a long season for maturing, and you must
make up your mind to apply enough
manure to counteract the extra drain
made upon the land.
Barnyard manure is ordinarily looked
ujion as a general and complete manure,
and in the sense of supplying the most
needed elements of plant food this is
true. Yet it seldom, if ever, contains
these plant food ingredients iu the pro
portions which have been found to give
the best results. Farmyard manure con
tains (according to the animal and the
food consumed) from .4 to .8 per cent of
nitrogen, .2 to .4 per cent of phosphoric
acid, .3 to .6 per cent of potash ; practi
cally twice as much phosphoric acid and
considerably more than of potash. This
is too nitrogenous for a well-balanced
fertilizer, and any one using barnyard
manure does well therefore to use acid
phosphate and potash salts in addition.
Farm manures usually deficient in pot
ash, such as those produced from corn
meal, silage and stover, and hay from
the grasses generally, and especially
when fed with nitrogenous food, should
always be applied in conjunction with
fertilizers containing larger amounts of
potash and phosphoric acids. A still
better plan is to sprinkle these materials
in the stable and upon the dung heap,
and thus a double benefit is obtained by
preventing the escape of ammonia from
'the manure. Potash salts are especially
soluble in this respect, and when so used
no leaching must under any circum
stances be allowed, as thev will be easily
washed out of the pile to the detriment
of the manure.
WEIGHT AT THE SHEDS.
The following comes from the Ontario
experiment station : Sometimes it is not
easv to convince the farmers that raising
and fattening lambs is a good-paying
business when the conditions are favor
able, but the following piece of experi
ence at our station will tend to show the
possibilities that lie in that direction. In
the autumn of 1891 we purchased two
carloads of lambs in Prince Edward Isl
and, 1,150 miles eastward from Guelph,
Ontario, wheie the station is located.
Some of these we fattened and sent back
again to Halifax, within 100 miles of
where they were bought, leaving us a
substantial cash profit at the same time
over all expenses. Some ol them we fed
until May, and were then shipped by us
to Liverpool and sold. Thev cost us $2
per head when purchased, and averaged
$11.60 per head at the Liverpool docks.
After charging all expenses whatsoever
we had a nice little cash profit on the
Iambs, not counting in the manure, al
though we had paid the expenses of
their transit a distance of not less than
5,000 miles. .
AS TO WATERING COW8.
A Ellrntwan flTnanniant In
dairy cows shows that cows always in
incir stables gave much better results
w hen changed back where thev could get
water twice a day. It was found that
the milk yield increased where the cows
had access to water at will, and no de
cease of fat contents occurred. The
daily increase of milk was small, but ss
""uoiTO ii noma improve tne yield
fortv frallons ner row rw va- i
ticeable feature of the experiment is that
.ucivno umim nine less wnen per
mitted to drink at will lk. (..
niched twice a day. By drinking often
mere was less chilling of the stomach
thnn vhi'M Ttla, fitt.l -. I.n .. 1 .
....... - - w w in.ru mice
a day and each time in large quantities.
Tli. .1; . t . . 1
Mijirouuii nan improved, as Willi
each Small ilrnnoht nf vain, uii...
trie luice was secreted and went with it,
it 11 nM not me case 10 me same ex
tent where large draughts of cold water
had to be taken.
Tha Art of Walklnf .
An English authority says: "The
lody should be held pnvt tbA eVimil.
dors down, chest extended, and tho
log moved from tha hip, the whole
inire RDove being immovable. The
movement from the, Vth ia
be the secret of bad walking, com
bined with the discomfort of tight
Shoes and hiffh heela wfcinh turn ll
figure In a most disgraceful manner.
A short brisk walk is beneficial, while
a tramD of miles rea-nita in itsw