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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1908)
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nC nr ioro dollcnto or-
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I' lillnn Of 10 I Irtni".
the best m-w"' J
n0"7 ,nrm or chocolated tablet.
""""" Where " Ifn,,"
.bit do Wnk of ,nd0r
K'm do well ,no,,Rh n" I)?"l,Ve'
W 11 i... I WnM."
n nl Mr. Window Bnnthlai
Dolh fliieMr. Wron.
,.ffIlut 1 weary you, Miss Cap
Ba. 1..t:..m. On Hie contrary, Mr,
L To.; t .11.
Jjji find your maii iui t, ....-
. i..u'!,r. Imvf vou done for tbt
urtr in lhl caropaisn. anyhow?
H onto-More (!" J' hnjr. I've
' V,.!,! i 1ollnr or two and road no
Breaks a Cold Promptly.
winwinL' formula 1b o novel
tiiline remedy for coUIb:
One ounce of Compound ""P oi
Swaparilla, one ounce Torifl Corn
Ld and one hnlf pint of good whls-
Ui mix a"11 Bhako thoroUKnIy cach
fee nd use in (iosen of a tableepoon-
EMsrery four Hours.
Thii if followed up wilt euro an
.(..M in 24 hourn. Tho ingredients
ca begotten at any drug store.
llli Mnrllnl Trouhl.
Oo r.bat Krouml." linked the Ifcwyer,
i rour wife wont a divorce? Ineom-
tometli'ns of tlint sort, I reckon.
wnri the mm. "My Income. In't
tcawtille with Jut Ideas of comfort."
I nT BU . V.m4 in lf iiriMii wre
uaLJJLspcls Lolds and Head
aches duo to Constipation;
Acts naturally, acts truly as
tw-ybunji and Old.
Tojjel its leru'j'toialEjcct
pays buy c Genuine tvlucli
mmc jull name of 1lie Com
. m Strup Co.
Vta"." monufocfunul. printed on the
sold Briil leaiKgkdruggists,
w Me only, regular prico 50..rboltlo.
flWM'OJ- 1H I-ft. -AM.rff rj ChmHU
U, ' V Jl rj ' I"' ''' trli ( i (Mil
ltml,l.'Htim. Control nJ Urn
TOWER'S FISH BRAND
are cut on larger
,tp gWe the wearec
the utmost comfort
mi mt taunt I'fWs
I Inn.-. .'. .""Kin iiiulr..M ......
Bi :"' 'H1 unci k ,V,7 "
Shoe, . or V""1 n"r '0P 1".
iW ,Clo",,tJh V" la U wort"
C--:-!trL,w Prk SI.. Iim,n- u...
1 '' WM
WHY EGOS ARE HIGH,
8omo Ways This Expomlvo NecGtsUy
May Do Turned to Profit.
Vy June Dryden, I'oultrymn Oregon Aitrlcul
turnl CollfKe, Corvalll.
IIkr.i arc 60 cents a dozen. Iimnm
the liens don't lay. The main reason
why they don't lay is because this is not
the natural laying season. In a slate
of nature fowls lay and breed in the
sprinpr season, and they haven't got
quite away from that habit. Old hab
its die hard with hens as with men.!
This explains why with little care the
hen will lay in the sprhijr and with
much care m the fall and winter she
won't lay, or very seldom will. Hut
through centuries of training and
breeding the hen is gradually getting
away from her old habit of laying a
few eggs in the spring and hatching
them, and it is possible now, with the
proper skill in handling, to make Iter
lay in winter whether she will or no.
Hut the first thing we have to learn is
that to get eggs in winter means a fight
against nature, against the old hen na
ture. Winter is not the natural lnying
When a pullet has reached maturity,
no matter at what season of the year,
if she be maintained in good health and
vigor and gets the proper kind and
riuautity of food, she will lay eggs if
she has the laying capacity. Let us
analyze that sentence a little.
The first point raised is a question of
maturity. The pullet must be mature
before Mic lays. If n pullet lays in Oc
tober she must be hatched early enough
in the spring so that she will reach ma
turity in October. A Plymouth Rock
hatched the first of April should lay
the middle of October or first of No
vember. If they are to lay a month
earlier they should be hatched a month
earlier. '1 he Leghorn should lay the
first of October if hatched the first of
The next point refers to health and
vigor. The pullet must come to ma
turity with good health and vigor. She
must have had proper care during the
brooding and growing period. A stunt
ed chick, a chick hatched from an egg
laid by a hen out of condition, a chick
that lias had to battle with insect pests,
or a chick that has not had proper food
and exercise, will not be a profitable
layer in any season. How to maintain
the health and vigor of the Dock is the
biggest problem in poultry keeping. To
get et?g in winter the hens must have
The third point is that to get eggs
the hens must have the proper kind and
quantity of food The hen requites
more kinds of food than a cow or a
hog. The cov needs no animal food;
the hen docs. The hen gives more con
sideration to cleanliness of the product
than the cow. She seals it up in a
shell of lime to keep it clean, and she
therefore must have a liberal supply of
mineral matter. All foods furnish a
certain amount of mineral matter, but
not enough to supply aU the shell ma
terial when hens arc laying heavily.
What foods should they be fed?
They should have grain, but grain alone
won't do. What will happen if the
hen cats nothing but wheat? Remem
bering that she puts nothing into an
egg that she does not cat, that an egg
contains about onc-liltli ounce ot tat and
that if she ate nothing but wheat she
would get enough far for three or four
eggs a day and about enough protein
for half an egg a day, the thing that
will happen will be that she will re
fuse to make eggs. The hen docs not
adulterate her product, otherwise she
could fill up the egg with surplus fat.
like some people make butter, out of
spurious oil or beef fat. She will make
an honest article or none at an. me
point is that the hen should have s.ich
foods as will furnish the necessary food
elements in proper proportions; in
other words, she should have a balanced
ration. There arc different ways of
balancing the ration. Por instance, if
the lieu has access to wheat, to clover
or kale and to grasshoppers, angle
worms and crit. she will balance her
own ration. She will eat a little wheat,
a little clover and a few grasshoppers
or :inclcworms and cat enough of each
to furnish the egg making element in
right proportion. An occasional feed of
corn or oats in place of wheat would
improve the ration.
This much for the food. How shall
h 1m? fed? Acain vou must take ac
count of the nature of the hen. She is
a busy creature naturally; that is part
of her life, and you must keep her busy
nr ti't Imr he husv. If she has free
range on the farm she will keep herself
busy and her muscle ami digestion m
good order, but when you shut her up
in yards you are imposing artificial
conditions and you must provide exer
cise for her. I have kept hens for a
year on a bare board floor in a small
ncn and fed them well. They laid about
4lirce dozen eggs each during the year,
and at the end of the year with this sort
of luxury ami ease they had lost their
constitution and their usefulness; while
other hens fed in the same way, but
with a ground floor and deep litter to
scratch in and yards to run m, laid
over twelve dozen eggs each, and at
the end of the year were still in the
busine ss. The hen needs exercise. I he
demand for animal food may be sup
plied in different ways. Skim milk,
milk curds and buttermilk will take the
place of meat if enough of it can be
fed. Skim milk is largely water, and
a heavy-laying hen can scarcely dunk
enough of it to get the necessary amount
of animal food. There is nothing bet
ter than fresh-cut lean meat and b uies.
the danger from uncooked metit scraps,
however, being that they arc liable to
contain disease germs, and unless it is
known to bo free from disease it is
better to conk it. The commercial ar
ticle of heef scraps put up by the large
packing houses aro largely used: sonic
of the stuff sold for poultry food, is
only fit for fertilizer, however. During
noil four eupfnlH of wntor and ono
and a hnlf eupfnlH of HUgnr twonty
tnlnutoH. Cool, add two ciipfuls of niHp
borry Julro and two tnblospoonfuls
lemon JuUu Rlrnln and frooze, using
threo norm Ihioly enmhod Ico to ono
part rock wit. To obtain tho rni
iKirry Juleo wash tho Iwrrlwi and Btrr.-n
through douhli olirwelntli-.
Tho moil who nui give witUfai'torj
explanations of tht'lr falluivn are thiv
oucs who become, loafers.
seasons of the year when insects and
worms arc plentiful and the fowls have
the liberty of the farm, little animal
food may be fed.
Another point about feeding grain j
Should it be ground or fed whole? It
is known that a certain proportion of
the food of fowls is used to nroducc
energy to grind the food, and from this
point of view it is cheaper to have the
food ground at the mill. lint it has
been found by experiment that fowls do
f"t do well when fed altogether on
The final point in this discussion is
the laying capacity of the hen. If all
the three things mentioned above be
properly attended to, there will still be
a scarcity of eggs unless the fowls have
the laying capacity, and it is no fault
of the hen if she hasn't; the trouble
goes back to her ancestor.!.
COMMERCIAL POTATO GROWING
Somo G ood Points on Ono of tho
Most Profitable of Crops.
IJy A. O. Cra'if, Altant Horticulturist, Stoto
College of Wuhlnuton, Pullman.
Potato land should bo plowed in tho
fall und ullowcd to lie rough during tho
winter. This fuvors tho catching of
winter moisture, and allows the .Bub
flurface soil to Bottle and the surface
can be worked earlier in tho spring.
If the fall plowing is impossible, the
land should bo disced in the fall bo that
the surfaco may bo rough and open
through the winter. Deep plowing
usually gives better results than shal
low. The plowed land should be well
harrowed early fn tho spring, and if
not immediately planted, it should be
frequently harrowed in order to con
BPrvo moisture and kill the weeds
which start after tho first harrowing.
Spring plowed land should be harrowed
immediately after the plow, to pre
vent loss of moisture. In the dryer
Bcctions, some form of aubsurfaco
packer Bhould follow the plow, and
this should immediaetly be followed by
the harrow to work up a surface mulch.
If the soil plows up cloddy, a plank clod
masher may be used quite profitably.
The time of planting should be gov
erned largely by tjie climote and the
purposes for which the potatoes are
grown. The potato plant needs ample
moisture when the tubers are setting;
hence, the grower should endeavor to
have tho plants reach that stage of de
velopment at the time when the moist
ure supply is likely to be favorable.
For early new potatoes, the seed should
bo plar :d as early in the spring as the
soil will permit, on light, warm soil.
For lato potatoes they may be planted
as late as the middle of June, provided
the moisture supply is ample and con
tinuous; but where summer rains can
not be depended upon, the earier the
potatoes are planted the better, if the
danger from frost is guarded against.
The distance between rows and be
tween hills in the row is an important
point in tho potato culture. Varieties
that tend to produce very large tubers
should be planted close. Soil will ad
mit of close planting in direct propor
tion to its fertility and moisture con
tent, and the care given the crop. In
high priced land, intensive culture
should be practiced and tho rows and
hills planted as closely as the fertility
of the land will permit Increasing
tho size of the "seed pieces" will ac
complish the same results as close
planting, but the danger of sunburned
tubers is apt to be increased.
No farmer who grows six or more
acres of potatoes each year can afford
to do without a horso planter. Of the
several methods of hand planting, the
following is the most satisfactory :
After tho soil is well prepared, open
up furrows to the proper depth with a
single shovel plow. After the seed is
dropped, cover with the plow and har
row thoroughly. The depth of the
planting should depend upon tho text
ure of the soil, and upon whether early
or lato potatoes are desired. Five
inches is not too deep for late potatoes,
on light, mellow soils, nut three to
four inches is bottor for an early crop,
or on very heavy, or very wet soil.
Tho nmount of seed to uso varies
from three to ten sacks per acre, and
depends upon tho variety of tho soil.
Varieties which tend to produce very
large tubers should have a large quan
tity of seed. Rich land should receive
moro sood than poor land. If the seed
piocos are not too large, tho number of
eyes to each piece makes no difference.
It is moro important that the size of
the pieces sohuld be uniform than that
thore Bhould be the samo number of
eyes in each piece.
Frequently only n part of tho pota
toes which aro planted como up. This
may be duo to one or more of several
causess, all of which should be guarded
against. Cut seed potatoes should
never bo allowed to romain in piles un
til thoy heat, and aro thereby seriously
injured. Seed potatoes that havo been
exposed to too low temneraturo will
seldom give a uniform stand. All de
cayed tubors and thoso which havo
brown or black spots through tho flesh
should not bo planted as thor.e are two
diseases which aro found in this state
which aro suro to result in an unsatis
factory stand if seed infected with
them is planted.
Cut seed should never bo planted
deeply in tho cold wot soil, or unsatis
factory germination is suro to rosult.
Finally, in tho dryer sections, potatoes
ghould be planted to uniform depth be
low tho dry surface mulch in ordor to
buuuro a uniform stand.
, Short SiiKSrextlona.
All lard to fry fritters and doughnuts
must Ih sibling hot before putting lu
Caudles will burn slowly and steadily
through tho evening If they aro kept
on Ico all day.
To keep mold from pickles, In tho
top of each Jar or bottlo placo a layor
or horso-radlsh rootB. sllcef thin.
ir vou aro umiblojo satisfy your
self and you cannot how can you
Uouo to satisfy otuors
A woman and her opinions are Boon
W'lgg I have a noiseless typewriter.
Wagg Is Bhe a deaf-mute? Philadel
"What allH me, doc?" asked the gen
ial clubman. "Vou need n Job. Vou'ro
Buffering from overrest," New York
Mm. Hcnhnm How much did you
pay tho minister when we were mar
ried? Itnnbam He fined me five dol
lars. Harper's Weekly.
Teacher Now, children, what Is tho
greatest enemy of poultry? Silence.
Teacher Who cats the most poultry?
Pupils Tho minister! Jugend (Mun
ich). The Lady Little boy, don't you know
flinoklng will shorten your life? The
Kid Shucks! Wot do I care? I've
seen cvcryt'Ing dero Is, Boston Trav
eler. Pat I hear ycr wolfe l sick, Molke.
Mike She Is thot. Pat Ih It danger
oub Bhe Is? Mike Dlvll a bit She's
too weak to bo dangerous any more!
j Brooklyn Life.
Facetious Friend (teaplngly) Well,
which rules 3011 or your wife? Mr.
Youngwed (with hauteur) You forget
we can afford to keep a cook. Balti
Stelln So your father handled him
without glovefl? Bella Yes, and It
would have been better for poor, dear
(Jeorge If he had done It without shoes.
Now York Sun.
"The telephone Is certainly a great In
ventlon. Think of It! You can tnlk to
your wife fifty miles away." 'That
may be your experience. All I've been
able to do Is to listen."
"Have you." naked the Judge of a re
cently convicted ninn, "anything to of
fer the conrt before sentence Is
passed?" "No. your honor." replied
the prisoner, "my lawyer took my last
"I saw the major's wife at her win
dow early this morning. She looked
40 years old!" "You must'be mistaken,
your highness; no woman is ns old ns
she looks In the morning!" Fllegende
"Why are you so vexed. Irma?' "I
nm so exasperated ! I attended the
meeting of the Social Kquality League,
and my parlor maid presided and hud
the audacity to call me to order three
times '." Fllegende Blaetter.
Mulligan The byes Bay ye licked
poor Casey. Shure. he nlver hurt Iny
man's feelln's. Ilarrlgan He's a
Hhnnke In the grass. The blackguard
referred to me ns his contlmperary,
and I'll be the contlmperary to no man
"Before we were mnrrled," said Mrs.
Chatterton, "you used to tell me how
much you loved me, but you never do
now." "Of course not, my dear." re
plied the masculine partner. "Since our
marriage you haven't given me a chance
to tell you nnythlng."
Said a poet to an unfortunate specu
lator: "Don't you think that the open
ing lines of . Tennyson's little poem,
'Breakv break, break." are plaintive and
sad?" "Yes," was the melancholy re
ply. But I think that 'Broke, broke,
broke.' Is a good deal sadder."
"William," she said, "means goc.'i.
James means beloved. I wonder"
n Hush mantled her cheek. "I wonder
! she softly murmured, "what George
means?" "George means business. I
hopi" said mother, looking up from tho
wedding Renouncements In the paper.
Anxious Mother Nellie, dear, do you
think that young Hoggins, who bns
been calling on you twice a week for
some time, Is matrimonially inclined?
Pretty Daughter Really, I don't know
what to think, niaiiima, dear. He lias
such a knack oi" keeping one lu the
Old Acquaintance Why. old chap, a
few years ago you wero the best
dressed man In town, but now your
outfit Is pretty shabby. Had a reverse?
Companion Well, you may call it that.
The truth Is, I got married since, and
now It's my wife that's tho best dressed
woman In town.
Young Wife To-morrow will he my
birthday, dear. Young Husband
You'll bo twenty-one? Young Wife
No; twenty-five. ' Young Husband
Why, a year ago, Just botore our wed
ding, you told mo you were only twen
ty. Young Wife Yes, but I havo aged
rapidly sluce our marriage
"My friends," said an Itinerant
preacher, "the Scriptural rulefor giv
ing was one-tenth of what a man pos
sessed. If yon feel you can't afford so
much, Just give a sixth, or a fourth, ac
cording to your moans. We will dis
pense with the next hymn and take up
tho collection." Llpplncott's.
Wllllo And so you quarreled? Char
lie Yes; sho fiont hack all my pres
cuts. And what do you supjHMio I
did? Wllllo Can't guess. Charlie I
sent her n half dozen boxoa of face
powder, with a noto explaining that
I'd tnkon about that much homo on
my coat slneo I'd known her. The Gos
sip. What has.. become of the old fashioned
ovomnu who had her ptiutograph taken
with one hand holding a half-opened
FURS i HIDES
iDoiot.k. lOteBOTS moremonerforToatohlpIUwFnrn
. 1 ....... . (1 . I I.. rI . anrl .Itrmt Anr
homo, writ" lor mca junrKoi itopnrt, nuipyw.. -r ' r me'IKm.
. .. .... wrlll.n tlln.ir.tloc .11 ai
for tpot caulk
Mil t homo.
V) I..th.r bao.d. Bnt ihlnr m lb. obj .r.r wrltWa, lllaiintlaf l or Anlm.u. AU
tlnl trPr. Hrrti, Dmi. Tr.nt, O.m. Ii llow nd h.r M ' Irjn. J.".
MMfoI trM. it'terrmMrEncyeiopcait. rnn.. 'fm,r'u'"""'','iii"
" v .AaiBiftthJtlMlluiMf. Anitnek Um; UtaU 121 MInepoIU.Minaw
A Flavoring. It matet
eyrup better than. Maple.
jf Sold by grocer.
r .ill lnnw wtinf onnnlnc
f XVU Will lll.,w ' ' ' 1
foot comfort la until you wear MartJia
II nflfAlonrl ttnhtncrf&ot fllirl make WallC-
t A A TUr 4 rt alnvn nflfl
feel as easy as a stocking. u , uu u
buttons or Jaces uiey just sup ou uuu u" . ; , , VI"
too sides " gives Willi every uiurcuiBin u ui
Beware of Imitations. Only tho genuine have tho name Martna
Wasnlngton and xviaycr iraue maritoiauipuu w
0UOSUU11C9. I Our acaicr wiu bujjjh jtmu, u t.-.
FREE It you will send in the name of a ciciilcr wno
tfoa not handle Martha WashJnBton Comfort l)?-?
We also make Honorbllt Shoes, lainx Lgay
Shoe, Yerma Cushion Shoes and Swcial Merit
F. Mayer Boot & Shoe Co.
WIU. DO AU
A FULL POUND 25c
Get it from
Don't no Afraid of OrljjlnnlHy.
Po not be afraid of being original,
even eccentric. Be an Independent, self
reliant, new man, not Just one more In
dividual In the world. Do not be a
copy of your grandfather, of your fath
er, or of your neighbor. That Is as
foolish as for a violet to try to be
like a rose, or for a daisy to ape a sun
flower. Nature has given each a pecu
liar equipment for Its purpose. Every
man la born to do a certain work In
an original way. If he tries to copy
some other man, or to do some other
man's work, he will be an abortion, a
misfit, a failure.
Do not Imitate even your heroes.
Scores of young clergymen attempted
to make- their, reputations by Imitating
Beecher. They copied his voice and
conversation, and Imitated his gestures
and his habits, but they fell as far
short of the great man's power as the
chromo falls short of the masterpiece.
Whore are those hundreds of imitators
uow? Not one of them has ever made
any stir In the world. Orison Swctt
Marden In Success Magazine.
A learned judge was explaining the
Intricacies of evidence to a young
friend, says the Washington Star, and
gave the following story In regard to
Usually, he said, one statement Is far
moro probable than the other, so that
we can decide easily which to believe.
It Is like the boy and the house-huuter.
The house-hunter, getting off a train at
a suburban station, said to a boy:
"My lad, I am looking for Mr. Smith
son's new block of semi-detached
houses. How far are they from here?"
"About twenty minutes' walk," the
"Twenty minutes!" exclaimed the
house-hunter. "Nonsense! The adver
tisement says five."
"Well," eald tho boy, "you can believe
me or you can believe the advertise
ment, but I ain't tryln' to make a Bale."
Adam Zawfox Wliat'd you do If you
had a million plunks?
Job Sturky Th fust thing I'd do
would be to prescribe a Turkish bath f'r
you, an' If you didn't take It, by jings,
I'd kill ye!
Tio Scoop 011 Sin.
"Millie," ald the young man, as he
slipped the engagement ring on her fin
fler, "have you told your mother about
"O, you Innocent!" exclaimed Miss Mil
lie. "Why, Clarence, mamma knew it six
months before you did."
ItopelonIy Out ot Style,
"Peter," said Mrs. Pneurltch. "I want
you to havo that roof taken off our garagt
and oae of a different kind put on."
"What for?" demanded Mr. Pneurltch.
"What's the matter with It?"
"I heard an architect say the othet
day that it's a hip roof. Everybody kuowi
that hips are out of style now."
A 3Inn A Bleep.
nis mouth and vest were open, and
he breathed like a second-hand blcyclo
pump, writes O. Henry in his Inimita
ble way In Everybody's. I looked at
him and gave vent to Just a few mus
ings. "Imperial Caesar." says I,
"asleep In such a way, might shut hhi
mouth and keep the wind away."
A man asleep Is certainly a 6ight ttf
make angels weep. What good la all
bis brain, muscle, backing, nerve. In
fluence, and family connections? He's
at the mercy of bis enemies, and mora
so of his friends. And he's about as
beautiful as a cab-horse leaning against
the Metropolitan Opera House at 12:80
a. m. dreaming of the plains of Ara
bla. Now, a woman asleep you regard
as different No matter how she looks,
you know It's better for all bands for
her to be that way.
Effle, the little daughter of a clergy
man, pranced Into her father's study
one evening while the reverend gentle
man was preparing a lengthy sermon
for the following Sunday.
She looked curiously at the manu
script for a moment and then turned
to her father.
"Papa," she began, seriously, "does
God tell you what to write?"
"Certainly, dearie," replied the cler
gyman. "Then why do you scratch so much
cf It out?" asked Etlie.
Ho ConlU Walt,
"ncs your husband an old pair o
pants that ho a!n't usln ma'am?" ask
ed Wareham Long, respectfully remov
ing from his head the shapeless renu
mint of a hat
"No," shortly answered the woman
of the house, eyeing him suspiciously.
"My husband has only one pair of
trousers, and they'll last him six
"All right, ma'am." he rejoined, tak
ing from an inside pocket a soiled
scrap of cardboard and making a mem
orandum on It with the stump of a lead
pencil. "I'll be around agin six mouths
fin to-day. Afternoon, ma'am."
.Scored on III in,
Mr. Tyte-Phist Talk about women
having any capacity for dealing with
financial questions! Have you any Idea,
for instance, how much money Is In cir
culation In this country?
Mrs. Tyte-Phist I presume It's all in
circulation except what you happen to
get hold of.
"I thought you said you had no us
for that man."
"Yos," auswered Farmer Corntossolt
"that's what I said."
"Yet you did your best to send alia
to tho Legislature."
"Sure. I want to see him whera
he'll have a chance to call public at
tention to hl3 usefuluiS3,-Wa3b.lug.
CHRONIC CHEST COMPLAINTS
of the rnort terious character havo been permanently cured with PUo
Cure. Coughs, coldi, hoarscnew, bronchitia and asthma quickly retpond
to ju healing influence. If you have o cough or cold, if you are hoarse
or have difficulty with ygur breathy, get a bottle of Piso'a Cure. Imme
diate benefit follow the first dose. Continued use generally brinci com-
Dicta relict, r or nearl v halt a rrntnrv P ltrt fllr-A Lata J. .
that the most advanced form of coujhi, colds and chronic chest complaints
UAIN lit. CURED