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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (July 2, 1908)
. '.Minn nlit with
Z -It might leave you!
Gri? That would mean
mi uni nf home I
6,1 iXtlv to your scalp I
li Is somsihlne
,: . h.lr medicine,
M MinfflBlDltl 1.
U0l$ c'icw'v pectobaC
DRY FARMING IN IDAHO.
ot n very rapid wooer, nn
81 ,tne a bit nnxlous.
ffi. Birlor, "Jut thoHC two."
' Sntrm tlio front door.
;S?XBa.d. -Who cab.
Cwreout," ald the deceiver,
that would bo untrue" inur-
r5Ur -ho cried, r
iblmwlf In his arms.
lad the man krpt on knocking at
to front door.-Hlutrnted lilts.
i,ra Hn4 MM. Wnilow' Oooth!t
.. mm. tou look as if you
t' tire dftJr,1". ,,
I ire rlfbt, ma'am. I hare."
Aid oow, I presume, you are among
VUl w call tbe submerged tenth."
.jTorKitin tbit, ma'am. I am an In
k's 5il fraction of I be submerged thou
U4il of tbe itibmorrrd tenth. Mr pres
ti otrtpatlon 'a atokiug on an ocean
Connecting of I) rut n Tile.
It In dlnlcult to cut Innro tllo with
n vluw to fitting mnnll tllo to connect
latoratH with iniiln drains. There Is n
Brunt elonl of danger of the tllo break
ing, mill one Is likely to lose two or
thrco largo tllo In attcniptttiK to form
n Junction, nnd, at tho Ihh(, tho Junc
tion in likely to ho a poorly formed
one, unless considerable cure 1h taken
In covering tho openings and cementing
tho Joint. I have, therefore, found It
fmlvlsnblo to recommend tho uso of a
One of the
d tt( happy homes of to-day In a
rat lend of Information aa to tho
krtmethods of promoting health and
kjjbtsj and right living and know
U't of thfi world's best product.
Frodccti of actual excollenco and
mailt claims truthfully presented
si which have attained to. world
y acceptance through tho approval
ue ntniniormeu or tno worm;
ar tbo havo tho happy faculty of
Mfpninr inn ni ininmrr i it a rtn r ? ft a
Oct of the products of that class,
& klflWn fommnfttif nnrlit nn IPfltOnt
Knuied by tho Wcll-Inforniod of
A. n. i ... -
"VMM M H VUIUUUIU uuu wnuiu
ffl family iaxatlvo Is tho woll-known
ftpcf Flga and hllxlr of Senna. To.
Pt lu beneficial effects always buy
tennlne. manufactured by tho'
nr syrup Co., only, and
by all leading druggists.
h k of the best
elected moDi .-C-
Prepared and even-
j uamp neat
;!or h all retained.
removed from the
ya ready to serve!
,b fan be quickly pre-
t variety of
pfcr slimmer meaL
2! VmI Uil i. .
Jf"f f" of
JUNCTION Of TIUCH.
connecting box or basin, built In tho
main drain at jkiIiiIh where Intcrnls
connect. Thcxo baNlus may be mndo
of plank or brick or cement, accord
lug to convenience or fancy. Of what
ever materlalH, the box should bo
from twelve to eighteen Inches square,
according fo tho size of tho main tile,
The best tJme to build the box Is when
tho main Is laid. Two sides of the
box, namely optMHlto sides, will be
used for the main line, tho other two
sides when tho box Is built should be
lltted with tho flrHt tile of the Interals,
which may bo Immediately or at some
MihccMtient time completed. This basin
or Ikix should extend six to twelve
Inches below tho lino of the drain, and
besides sorvlng for connecting the
basin will servo for n silo basin, that
Is, will collect any sediment which
may harjcn to get into the rarlous
lines of tllo discharging Into It Also,
the box may be continued to the
ground surface and be provided there
with a tight cover, or If It Is not de
sired to have a box exiioscd thus and
in tho way, it may be covered with
pliml: about fifteen Inches below the
ground surface and then covered over
with soli the position of tho box be
ing carefully mnrked on the drain map
or its distance measured from two
points near at hand. Such a basin Is
an excellent device to use where two
or thrco lines of drain unite.
Of whatever material tho box Is
built, tho tllo on the four sides should
bo carefully fitted lu so as to allow
nothing to enter tho box except what
goes there through tho tile.
If tho main drain Is to bo built of
plank, It certainly would bo better to
eplko tho plank, for two reasons: First,
to provent displacement, and secondly,
to provent entrance of solid matter, it
has been found that the Joints of the
box will nfford sulllclent means of In
gress for tho water even If tho planks
nro spiked, and If thoy nro not spiked
thore Is danger of too great openings
and finally filling tho box with sedl
Strong chemical fertilizers should
not bo given too lavishly to growing
plants. Nltruto of soda Is good as u
Bourco of nitrogen, but you can not
grow n plant in pure nltrato of soda,
acid phosphato and other actual food
substitutes; not even If thoy nro mixed
with tho most consummate skill. Look
at a clay soil ; It Is generally regarded
n8 a protty poor ono for growing plants,
but It hau tnoro actuul units of food
lu it than any other sort of soil you
can take, and It Is Improved by throw
ing In tho solid grit of sand or the
rubbish of ashes from tho furnace.
keeiilntr Array CiiOrorma,
It i claimed that plaster and salt,
two parts of tho former to ono part of
tho latter, dropped on tho hills of corn
or potnsh in tho form of knlnlt will
hnvo a good effect In keeping away cut
worms, and besides will fertlllr.o tho
com. A vory small amount is all that
Krull ntul Truck Knrnia.
ho man who has not cnnltnt to nur.
chase a largo farm iniiNt tm hiiIIhIImI
with small holdings, Ten acres in fruit
truck garden wll furnish oceuna-
oi for ono man all tho time, and dur-
rruit harvest extra heln will need
If tho husbandman can realize as
largo returns for his Individual labor
devoted to tho cultivation of ten acres
of land ns he could from operating n
quarter of a section it would bo great
economy to work tho smaller farm and
plneo tho residue of his capital at In
terest. Truck gardening and fruit growing
have become established branches of
agriculture. Tho farmer raises his
own supplies of fruit and vegetables,
but the multitude of residents of cit
ies depend on tho professional fruit
grower and market gardener for their
supplies of fruit and vegetables. Small
farms nro multiplying annually and
become profitable investments when
operated to truck gardening und fruit
growing. An aero of onions In nver
ago seasons will return a gross Income
of $00 to $700 and fruit will average
?'JW) to $000 per acre. An acre of ap
ple trees have sold as high as $1,200
on the trees, tho purchaser furnishing
the packages and harvesting the crop.
Tho laud can be so operated as to
produce a crop of early peas and fol
lowed by turnips or late cabbages.
Small farms are particularly adapted
to men In moderate circumstances and
who depend on their labor to support
their families. The small farm not,
only yields a largo cash Income when
properly managed, but It furnishes a
home for the family anl guarantees
steady employment to the owner twelvo
months In the year. Goodnll's Farmer.
A I'nrm Dull-jr.
The accompanying plan for n farm
dairy will give a general Idea of tho
requirements for such a building. Ac
commodation Is made for handling tho
milk of thirty cows and ninklng butter.
A cement floor Is lu every way Bupori-
E O . I
PLAN FOa KAHM DA IKY.
or to a wooden Hoor for a creamery.
When properly put In, a cement floor
will last Indefinitely and can be kept
clean and sanitary, whereas a wooden
lloor Is short lived, qulcly rots out
and Is always a sourco of contamination.
Cnlvcx with Scoura.
A dairyman gives this remedy for
white scours; Carbolic acid diluted 1
to B; "kept a vial lu my pocket and
Just ns soon as the calf was dropped I
IMiured some on the navel next to body
and some on the nose, and every calf
that 1 got before dry I raised, but when
dropped In the night and tbe caw licked
dry beroro I got them, they died."
McndowH can often be revived nnfi
made profitable by tho application of
commercial fertilizer. This can bo
inndo up of 150 pounds of nltrato of
soda, lf0 pounds of ncld phosphato and
70 K)imd8 of muriate of potash. These
materlalH" should 1m well mixed and
sown broadcast about this time, caro
being taken to dlstrlbuto It evenly over
llnli'Uen IS Cltlclia from in Kuu.
"Phoebe," a largo hen owned by
Mrs. T. 'A. Hush, of Illrdsboro, Pa., for
a long tlmo has had a reputation of
laying an egg every day and sometimes
two iht day. Now sbo usb hatched out
of thirteen eggs fifteen healthy chick
ens. Mrs. Hush can not account for
tho oxtrn number except that there
must have been two pairs of twins.
A Few Farm Tlpa.
Keep tho water sprout growths rub
bed off tho fruit trees.
Angora goats have been found ex
ceedingly profitable on many farms.
'Oow pens aro to tho South what
clover and alfalfa aro to tho North.
Hordeaux mixture Is tho best all
around spraying material In exist-
In renting lnd bo Biiro to make a
contract with tho tenant und then both
live up to It
No ono Is qulto bo much out of place
as tho farmer who retires to a whit
tling plnce in town.
All tho corn growing land Is taken.
Cheap corn land Is no more. Tho prlco
of corn must stay up.
Tho atmosphere contains in unlimit
ed quantities oub of tho most essential
plant foods, nitrogen, but tho farmer
must grow tho legumes boforo ho can
get any benefit from tills vast store.
Tho estimated cost or mo uooseveit
dam, which Is part of tho SalMthor
Irrigation scheme, ims oeeu cm oowu
kv 81.000.000 by tho establishment of u
government cement mill ou tho spot
Rosumo of Idaho Experiment Station
Bulletin No. 02.
i Br EHoj Nelaon, Irrlffntlontit.
' In tno western part of Noz Tercel
county and throughout southern Idaho
tho procipitation is smnll and nrid
conditions thero prevail.. Farming
without irrigation in those portions of
the itnto may thoroforo be termed dry
In Idaho dry farming has boon quito
successful with 12 inches of annual pre
cipitation. It is practiced in eastern
Oregon oven with but 0 to 10" inches.
Tho average annual precipitation for
southern Idaho is 12.05 inches. Dry
farming should bo successful in Idaho
on all soils that are 4 to 0 fect deep
and sultablo in other respects provided
proper methods of cultivation aro pur
sued. j Dry farming has been practiced sue
ccssfully on various soils ranging from
heavy clay to sandy. Tho depth of tho
soil is of inoro importance than the
kind. Tho nverago soil in southern
Idaho is capable of absorbing 3 inches
of wator for each foot of depth. Of
this amount 2 inches is available water
and may bo used by crops. The re
mainder is not given up by the soil. To
absorb 12 inches of rain and hold it as
available molsturo requires 0 feet of
soil. Whilo a deep soil is a great ad
vantage, dry farming has been success
ful on soils of lessor depth than that.
Tho equivalent of an inch of rain stored
in tho soil is capable of producing 2V,
j bushels of wheat per acre if it be
With good methods it should bo pos
sible to eonsarvo at least one-half of
tho precipitation to do duty in crop
production. In actual practice not
much more than ono-fourth is generally
utilized, the three-fourths being lost by
surfaco evaporation or by run-off.
Tho amount of moisture that is ab
sorbed by tho soil and retained vory
largely determines the yield. Deep
percolation is therefore to be desired
and surfaco cultivation to prevent un
necessary losses by evaporation should
be practiced. Deep plowing favors tho
storage of water in tho soil. Maintain
ing a dust mulch over the surface tends
to consorvo that which the soil has
absorbed. It is important to preservo
tbii dust blanket over fields by har
rowing and especially on tho summer
fallow should this bo done. That will
prevent the soil below tho mulch from
drying out. Leaving tho summer fal
low lio rough during summer allows fho
soil to dry out. With such practices
there is a large loss of moisture and no
particular gain in fertility for tho elab
oration of plant food docB not take
place in a dry soil.
Summer fallowing alternate years is
rocommended for all localities with less
than 15 inches of annual precipitation.
Where there is moro than that it is gen
erally possible to grow a crop every
year. Growing a cultivated crop every
other year is more 'profitable than a
single crop system. For every year
cropping tno plowing should be in the
fall. For the bare summer fallow tho
plowing may be either in the spring or
in the fall. The former has boen most
successful in tho Columbia bnsin up
lands, the latter has proven the better
lystcm in Utah. -
With fall plowing the soil settles dur
ing winter and good capillary connec
tion with subsoil is thus ensured,
with spring plowing the lower part of
tho furrow slice doeB not be'eomo firm
enough. Packing to closo up tho air
Bpaces is thcreforo an advantage.
Either tho sub-surface packer or tho
corrugated roller may be used for that
purpose. Packing in connection with
spring plowing is recommendod for tho
lighter soils in Idaho.
Rotation of crops in dry fnrming
should bo practiced nt least in tho moro
favorable localities as tho fertility of
tho land is then maintained. Whilo
continuous whent growing for several
decades in some districts hns not ex
hausted tho soil, thero cannot be much
dependence upon tho permanency of
suoh a system.
Wintor wheat generally yields 4 to S
bushels more per aero than spring va
rieties. Tho most promising winter
whent for southern Idaho nro Turkey
Tied, Forty-foh Gold Coin, Lofthouso
and Odessn. The best spring varieties
nro Kubanka Durum. Blue Stem, Little
Club, Hed Chaff and Souora.
Othor coreals havo been successful
on dry land, such ns Sixty Days, Khor
son nnd Big Four oats nnd Smooth
Hullors barley nnd rye. Potatoes havo
beon quito successful without irriga
tion. Early varieties, such as Early
Ohio and Six Weeks, are tho host. Al
falfa is vory drouth-resisting and may
bo sown on tho nrid farm. In favor
able localities it may give two cuttings
whilo tho loss fnvorablo but one.
In some localities in southern Idaho
the profitableness of dry farming is no
matter of doubt, for from 25 to 35
bushels of whost per aero nre produced.
Whero yields nro smnll tho cost of pro
duction must bo grontly reduced to give
a margin of profit nnd operations must
be on a considerable scale. Each man
should handlo from 200 to 300 ncres.
By moans of co operation among farm
ers traction engines may be employed
and these generally roduco oxpenses
one-half. Whore tho farmer uses his
own tools and teams the actual cost of
producing wheat will rango from $3 to
$4 por aero. At contract prices It
would be from $5 to $7.
- The young man had proposed and bea
"But what's this you're doing, dear?"
be asked a moment later.
"I'm taking your Bertlllon measure
ments, Clarence," said the determined
young woman. "The last one got away."
Much of tbe tobacco grown in east
irn Beoffal la marketed In Calcutta,
whence It is shlppe'd to-Burma, whr
kt U Mamufactart4 into cheroots.
When the blood Js'pure and healthy, the skin will be soft, smooth, and
free from all blemishes and eruptions; but when some acid humor takes
root in the circulation, its presence is quickly manifested by some form of
skin disease. The skin receives its necessary nourishment and strength
from tbe blood. When, however, this vital fluid becomes a humor-laden
stream, itcan no longer preserve the healthy, natural appearance of the skin,
but by its nrid, impure nature continually irritates and inflames the delicate
! tissues and fibres and keeps the cuticle in a diseased and disfigured condition.
External applications cannot reach the blood, and therefore are beneficial
only for their ability to reduce inflammation, and assist in keeping the parts
clean, To cure any skin trouble the blood must be purified of the humors
that arc causing the trouble. S, S. S. drives out the humors from the blood
so that the skin, instead of being irritated and diseased, is nourished by a
healthy, cooling stream. S. S. S. goes down into the circulation and
removes every parti le of impure matter, all acids and humors, and restores
the blood to its normal, pure condition, thereby curing every form of skin
disease or affection. Book on skin diseases and any medical advice free to
all who write. nm? CWTTTT SPECIFIC CO.. ATLANTA. fiA.
A heaping tcaapo nful o a eat on ot ho water will clcsnse your dishes
f)latcsf cups, earthenware, cutlery and kitchen vtcn3ls from dirt ind cease
cavlnC neither taste ntr smtU. AH dealers. .Sample Is, rax. Booklet and D- n tor Ijic
CenU-rpiccc aUtriped ready to work, 10c Paclllc C &l Borax CO., Oakland, Cal.
Hard to Pleaae.
Eminent Statesman What are the in
fernal newspapers Baying about me now,
Private Secretary They haven't men
tioned your name for a month, Senator.
Eminent Statesman Blank dash the
CITO Bl- Vlto Dance and aU Nerrotn Dtaouea
I I o oermanantlr cared br Dr. Kllne'a Great
A'efvoltcsiorer. Bend for Fit KE $2 trial bottla and I
ireaute. j r. u. n-ujine, ixl au Area ou, 1-uuL.ri.
Within Her TUshta.
"Madam, what is your ago?" asked
"I decline to answer," responded the
"On what ground?"
"On the ground that it would con
vict me of lying. I've always answer
ed that question when not under
oatV Washington Herald.
You Can Get Allen's Toot-Ease FREE.
Wrfte AlIenB. Olmsted, Le Koy, N. Y., for a
free sample of Allen's Foot-Kiue. It cures
sweating, hot swollen, aching feet. It makes
new or tight shoes easy. A certain cure for
corns. Ingrowing nails and bunions. All drug
jlm sell it. 25c. Don't accept any substitute
The pimply faced youth had thrown a
pop bottle at tbe umpire.
) A policeman grabbed him by tbe col
lar, jerked him to hie feet, and removed
- Then he took a tape line from his pock
et and measured the fellow's head.
"Size 0," he said. "That lets you. off
this time, young man. But don't do it
again, or back you go to th 'sylum for
tbe feeble minded."
No more pop bottles were thrown from
that particular section of the bleachers
during that particular game. Chicago
I How's This?
I We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any
case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by IIM'a
I F. J. CH ENEY 4 CO.. Toledo, O
I We, the undersigned, have known F. J.
Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe him
perfectly honorable in all buhness transactions
and financially able to carry out any obliga
tion made by hl firm.
WALIUNU, KINNAN & MARVIN,
Wholesale Druggists, Toledo.O
nail's Catarrah Cure Is ken internally, act
ing directly upon the blood and mucous sur
fares of the system. Testimonial? sent free.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all Druggists.
Take Hall's Family Pills for Constipation.
Tbe Qalnteaaence of It.
"The gall of that fellow Stryker!"
"What's he done now?"
"Why. you know, he's a chronic bor
rower, and when I told him I'd have
to stop loaning him money now that
I had a wife, he went for me hammer
and tonga for getting married at his
expense." Boston Transcript
Little Lloyd Papa, was Georgs
Washington married to England?
Papa Of course not, my son. Why
do you ask such a silly question?,
Little Lloyd This book says Eng
land is our mother country, and as
George Washington was the father of
his country I supposed they were mar
ried. Chicago News.
destroy all tha
file and affords
comfort to eierr
home In dining
room and every
place where die
Clean. n and
vlll not toil ot
Stj thjm once and joa will neTer be without them.
! not kep' bjr aea.ni. sent prepaid for 20e.
EA&OU) SOKES, lti DtKalb At.. Brooklyn, V. T.
OPEN Alili THE YEAR
Clatsop Beach Seaside, Oregon
"Tu c Directly on the beach overlooking
a rib .I,, orran. Hot salt balha nod
nilFFHnHF snrf bathing, neerca-
nc Son parlors. Electric lights. Fire-
nlnft nnil il.am ha,. Finn a1tri. I
lIRFnn W" ana drives, bra roods a spee
uacuun i.iit. nun. -'rji ta na
per day. 43-Special rates by the week.
BBSS DAN. J. MOOIIE. Proprietor
C. Gee Wo
The well known reliable
Root and Herb
TTms tnadA A lifA stndr of
rood and faerl. and In thai
attuly discovered and la giv
ing to tbe world hi wonder-talreiredle.
No Mercury, Poisons or Drugs Used He Cures
Without Operation, or Without the Aid of a Knifa
lie Rnarantee to Care Catarrh, Asthma. Lnng,
fhrot. Itlionmatlsm. h'ervonvneM. Nen one Debility,
Stomach. Liver. Kidney Troulle:i:!o Lost Manhood.
Female Weakness and All Pritate DUeanes
A SURE CANCER CURE
Just Received from Peking, China Safe, Stirtr
IF YOTJ ARE AFI.ICTF.n. DON'T DELAY.
DELAYS ARE DaKUEKOUS.
Uyon cannot call, write forsympton blank and circa
Jar inrlofte 4 nia In atamr.
TnEO. GEE WO CHINESE MEDICINE CO.
IC 1-2 First Sc., Cor. 11 orriaon, Portland. Oregon,
Please Mention This Paper.
P N U
II KX writing to advertisers picas
moniliin tins paper.
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT
ncss and Restrontalns ntithe-
Opiuni J'lorph.lnc nariaavraL!
Not Narcotic, j
Aturfeci Ilemedv Tor Conslbs-
Hon , Sour Stoiaach.Dlarrtm
rvEsa ard Loss of Sleep.
rVSkaak Sitaamre of
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
ma m at
aaaaamTTI il UTiUl I'm l-.aaaaal
3urajt td. UTmW ti rhode
Kxaxt Copy of Wrapper.
Vmi ocarraun aoMfanr, niw voaa errv,