The Umpqua weekly gazette. (Scottsburg, O.T. [Or.]) 1854-1855, February 10, 1855, Image 2

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omcr. in HfMiKitnu's huilmkus, m:xt
hoou wr.sT scorrsnuiio n6t)n.
scottshurg, oregon.
SntiirIny Jtloriilitf;, IJc. 10, 1S11I.
Henry Utile, esq. Is onr Rtithcthed
agent to receive subscrlptlijas and nJtcrtlslng In
Snn Trnnclsco. I to will le found at lib office,
SO Battery street, corner Clay.
Mr. Dotd riquM announce tbo nsnic of
A A CAM) 1 DATE roll
Subject to the decision of the Democratic
Territorial Convention,
And obligo tho Sotrntcns Dkmockacv.
Democratic Meeting .
There will bo a mooting of tho Democ
racy op UMrQU.v County, on Wednes
day noxt, tho Wth inst, at Scottsburg, for
tho purposo oforijanfzjiig a "Jackson Club,"
electing Democratic County Committo,
&c, Scc. Every democrat in tho County
is earnestly requested to attend. Como
one, como all 1
Our ICcxt Delegate.
It is now but a short timo (two montlis)
when the Democratic Territorial Conven
tion takes place, to nominato a candidato
to bo supported by tho Democracy at tho
,noxt Juno claction, for Delegato to Con
gress. If there is ono subject abovo an
other which should reccivo tho undivided
attention of tho Democrats of Southern
and Central Oregon, it is that of of nom
inating a proper person to represent us in
tho National Assembly for tho nest two
years. Prompt measures should bo taken
for a perfect organization, and that imme
diately. Organize, and elect men to attend
that Convention who will cast their votes
for tho man that is known to bo favora
bio to, and will uso his influenco to forward
our interests. Joint Resolutions haro again
passed tho Legislativo Assembly requesting
our Delegato in Congress to uso his influ
enco to havo tho U. S. mails for Southern
Oregon left at at tho Umpqua River, and
for establishing n Land Oflico south of tho
Calipooia mountains.
In regard to our present neglected mail
Ecrvico : Petition after petition and letters
innumerable havo been forwarded to Wash
ington to tho proper departments, and to
individuals, and thoy havo received no moro
attention than tho "idlo wind," at least as
far as theso petitioners know, for they haro
almost invariably been tieated with silent
It would bo a work of supererogation
,wcro wo to again assort tho great number
of peoplo to bo benefitted by tho mails bo-
ing left in tho Umpqua river, instead of go
ing up to tho Columbia, and then coming
across tho country 200 miles by tho
. snail-liko movements of worn-out Cayuso
- animals ; and it Is unnecessary in this con-
' neetion, for us to provo boyond a doubt
that tho Umpqua river is as practicablo of
cntrancoas any harbor on tho northern
, coast, and that tho P. M. S. S. Co. havo
had no reasons for not leaving tho mails
here. All this has been "kept before tho
peoplo" for tho last four years, and theso
facts havo also been mado known to tho
. proper pcrsous through whom it was sup
. posed relief could bo obtained. Not hav
ing succeeded, howover, it Is now our duty
(tho facts' being established boyond a con
tradiction) to administer tho proper alter
natives. Patiently havo tho pooplo or tho rich
valloya of tho Umpqua and Rogue Rivers
seen tho mails ordered to bo left at an un
inhabited and uninhabitable gap in tho rug
gcd coast mountains between this placo
and San Francisco, viz: Port Orford, there
by building up a trado at tuch places as
Crescent City, Port Orford, ccc, and com
pelling tho citizens of tho ndjacent mining
country to travel over an almost impa-siblo
mountain country for a hundred miles to
got their supplier, instead of coming through
a continuous vnlloy to Scottsburg, their
natural outlet. ; nor havo thoy envied tbo
good fortuno of their neighbors, for thoy
, confidently expected that if theso places
mere indentations in tho rocky rugged
peaks of tho coast rango mountains
'. wore treated with such fatherly caro by tho
, (,. general government, that a harbor of tho
-,' importance and notoriety of tho Umpqua,
would' reccivo at least, tho same attentions
and favors. Whltotho Light Houso bus been
built at tho mouth of tho Columbia, buoy
established, how Is it with us f Four years
ago Mr. Thurston obtained an nppropria
tion for building a light house at tho mouth
of tho Umpqua, and that appropriation i
now, for aught wo know, in tho vaults of
tho National Treasury ; not nnolhor stop
has been taken fIiico that gentleman's la
mented decease. Theso and oilier matters
of equal importanco should bo represented
to the proper departments by our Delegato
according to tho facts.
To efiect theso objects, to guard against
a repetition of llko dclinqcncies, in future,
wo must enquire into tho truo causo of tho
same, and act accordingly, It is to our
Delegato in Congress that wo must look
for theso mailers being properly nttonded
to, henco tho great importanco of tho De
mocracy making n judicious selection a
man of known positive attainments, un
flinching integrity, and abovo all ono who
will not turn n deaf ear to tho requests and
petitions of any considorablo portion of
our citixens, no matter in what locality
thoy may bo. Remember that in tho selec
tion of a proper person to represent us in
Congress for tho noxt two years, mainly
depends our mutual prosperity for several
year to come, and having this uppermost
in our thoughts, let us select men to mako
that nomination who havo tho samoyiows,
and who will carry them out to tho very
Wo hopo to seo a man selected who will
bo willing to givo his timo and talents to
secure tho best interests of tho Territory;
who will bo firm and prompt; faithful nml
judicious ; ono who will bo willing to sac
rifice privato and selfish interests for tho
public good ; ono who will bring to tho
oflico such an amount of intellectual abil
ity, knowlodgo and experience, together
with individual reputation, as shall secure
tho confidenco of his fellow-democrats, and
ensure his triumphant success over tho
combined hosts of antiquated whiggery
and intolerant knownothingism.
To tho Democracy.
It will bo seen by referring to anothor
column that tho Democratic Territorial
Committco havo issued their request to tho
various counties in tho Territory, to select
delegates to meet in tho Territorial Con
vention at Salem, on tho 11th day of April
iutU tft nnm!nla a. ramlldalo f. llglo
to Congress, to bo elected in Juno next.
Wo would urgo upon tho democracy tho
importanco of making a speedy rosponso
to that call by organizing in each county at
onco, for tho purposo of selecting good
and truo democrats to sit in that assembly
of delegates. Tho shortness of timo in
which wo havo to organize, and tho im
portanco of a thorough and efficient or
ganization of tho cntiro democracy, at this
time, suggests tho propriety of prompt ac
tion ; for it is absolutely necessary that wo
should bo amply prepared in tho coming
contest to destroy our Jesuitical adversa
ries. CO" Hon. Root. J. Laud, arrived in this
placo from the Territorial Capitol, on Mon
day last, where ho has been laboring zeal
ously for tho interests of his constituents
tho past winter. Ho has kindly furnished
us with copies of tho principal bills, memo
rials, resolutions, &c, passed by tho Leg
islature this wintor, somo of which wo pub
lish in another column.
G3 Another bill has passed tho Legisla
tivo Assembly, to tako tho senso of tho
peoplo in regard to a Stato government, at
tho next Juno election.
03" Tho Milatary Road has boon declar
ed a Territorial road, by tho Legislature,
from Mr. Kellogg's to Myrtle Creek.
Odu County Seat. Wo aro informed
by Hon. R. J. Ladd, that tho county soat
of Umpqua has been located by tho Leg
islature at Elkton.
(KrMr.Chas. P. Kimball, Noisy Car
rier's Publishing Hall. San Francisco, Ad
ams & Co.'s Express and Wells, Fargo As
Co.'s Express, havo our thanks for papers
bv last mail
07" Hon. A.C. Gibbs will pleaso accept
our thanks for forwarding us lato papers by
way of Jacksonville.
G3 Wo aro indebted to Hon, Jos. Lano
for a copy of tho Congressional Globe, of
Dec. 12, 1854.
03" Tho Legislature adjourned sine die
on Thursdaylast, Feb. 1st,
N-imiiiAry of tlio MitUm' IVeivn
Tho inol Important tiuws from tho States
Is that touoliing tho panto that is now hang
ing over tiu Atlantic, States. Npt with
standing thofcupposod benefit tho European
war would bo to tho foreign (ratio with
thoso Stntos.ftho commercial revulsions, at
this time, in 1)10 Union is moro severe than
it has boon fur several years before. Tho
Hanks, says tho Now York Iff raid, go
down ono after another, like tho card hous
es of children, tho panic still uidoning
and deepening.
Tho total revenue for the last fiscal year
was 87!l,fi 10,705 ; expenditure, except for
public dobt, 431,015,'.! 10; estimated cur
rent expondittres for this year, 819,170,
OHO ; estimated receipts for this year, 53,
C01),:):10 lotwing n largo balance in tho
Tho veteran soldiers sent to the Senate a
notification of jheir intention to hold n con
vention at -eliington, on tho anniversary
of tho battle ol Now Orleans, to urgo upon
Congress, tho justice of granting them
bounty lands, t Mr. Badger introduced a
bill to inereaio tho pay of Judges of tho
Supremo Court and members of Congress
fifty per cent. Mr. Mnco, of Indiana, re
opened thoNebrsskaquoslion in tho House,
by bringing forwanl his proposition to pro
hibit slavery in tho Territories of Nebraskn
nml Kansas. So wo are to havo tho slave
ry question up again. A bill to crcato a
new Department of tho Government, to bo
called tho Department of Law,, was under
discussion. Tho bill provides for an assis
tant Attorney General, and many other
advantages to tho Department.
Tho objects and principles of tho onlcr
of Know Nothings formed a spirited de
bate in tho House. Tho order was effect
ually scorched. Mr. Ilroadhcad's resolu
tion, in tho Senate, for sending a steamer
to tho Arctic seas, in search of Dr. Kane,
was adopted. Serious apprehensions nro
felt, all over Ilia Union, for the safety of
Dr. Kane's expedition. Myron Clark's
right to tho Exccutivo chair of Now York
is seriously questioned in that State. Tho
Albany Atlas says: "if tho obvious inten
tion of voters hail been carrcd out, Goorgo
Soymoro would bo re-elected by a plurality
over Clark of 105 votes." Hon. A. P. Hut
lcr has been re-elected to tho U. S. Senate
from South Carolona.
Gen Josepa.W. Whitfield has been elec
ted delegato to Congress from Kansas
Territory, and chosen on tho slavo issua
ho being favoabIo to legalizing slavery in
that Tcrritorj: A largo banquet was late
ly given to Senator Douglass, at Chicago;
III., at which tho "littlo giant" mado ono ot
his happiest speeches, in defencoof his ac
tion in tbo last Congress.
Public meeting.
Pursuant tea call tho citizons of Scotts
burg and vicinity met at tho Scottsburg
House, on the evening of tho !id Inst, to
consider tho propriety of organizing a so
ciotv, tbo object of which is to more effec
tually urgo tho claims of tho south to mail
eorvico by steimor through Umpqua river,
and also'to encourago similar organizalions
south for that purposo.
On motion, D. MacTavish was chosen
president, who declined serving.
On motion, Levi Kent, Esq., was chosen
president, Dr. E. R. Hike, vico president,
G. D. R. Uoyd and Win. M. liarr, secreta
ries. Tho meoting then proceeded to business by
calling S. F. Chadwick, Esq., to fctato the
purposo and object of tho meoting, who
gave at length tho reasons why tho south
should bo heard in this demand at this timo.
Not having a copy of tho remarks of Mr.
Chadwick, wo aro unablo to givo but fuw
points alluded to by him. Ho referred to
tho present misfortune that has just fallen
upon our merchant! and tho community,
by tho los3 of tho steamer Southerner tho
totil loss of tho freights and mulls, and
tlio narrow, bat providential escapo of tho
passengers on board of her and of tho
fact, in this calamity, as in others of simi
lar character, that tho shipper -ami passen
ger were not only sufferers, hut were loos
crs in almost every cubo, to tho full extent
of their moans involved ; of tho inefficien
cy of tho means heretofore used by tho
peoplo of this place, to prevent calamities
of this character happoning to them, and of
too great Importanco ol tlio present pro
posed plan of operation, in tho hopo that
it will avail in obtainingvregular communi
cation with San Francisco by steamer, and
a delivery of our mail matter by a moro
direct route. Ho spoko on tho four past
years history of tho rivor, and southern
Oregon, her condition then and tho advan
ced condition of both since, mid of tho
unquestionable necessity of having this
great agent mail ecrvico to aid in per
fecting our coiumorcial relation at homo
and abroad. Ho also alluded to tho strange
and uuaccouutablo influenco at work
against tho commercial advantage of this
river, and of tho astonishingly fatal results
which have attended our cfl'uits to develop
and sustain those advantage ; of tho re
peated ilmnaixla and request mado by (ho
peoplo of thl place for thoso prlvlllgoti re
ferred to, whloli of right they for tluwnsclvoi
and for others, ought to have received years
ago; mid of the IndMoronoo generally man
ifested towards our must earnest ami soil
ou.1 petitions asking for mall norvloo at (IiIh
place, by steamer; and also of tlio bIIoiico
toward the joint resolution of tho Oregon
Legislature, nsMug for the same thing,
both of which havo met with similar fates,
those fate whloli havo greatly injured us,
from the want of a proper defence and ex
planation, whenever our rights and ndvau
tngeshavo been assailed. Ho further re
marked that nu efiect so unerring in it
fatal Inlluonco upon our prosperity nml
rights must proceed from u eauso both no
tent nml determined, and from ono which
Is so firmly fixed in ili object, that It ha
remained undisturbed and unshaken, not
withstanding tho ardent, sincere nod just
requests which havo been repeatedly and
respectfully made by tho people of this
place, for four years past, for mall service
at Umpqun by steamer ; thoso Influence
aro foreign to the advancement of central
and southern Oregon. Hero Mr. C.suaned
minutely over tho history of tint country
south, referring to tint act of Mr. Thurs
ton touching .Southern Oregon, and closed
this review of tlio past by paying a just
tribute to tho memory of that distinguish
ed gentleman, for hi many service render
ed to thin placo while living; referred brief
ly to the legislation for Oregon since; upon
which ho urged tho organization of thU
society; ho beliuved it to bo n good one,
with an object most excellent in its bear
ing on tho commerce of tho south; and
closed by stating that his mail matter from
tho States or California had no moro right
to pass over tho Columbia river, or the
Willamette, than it had to bo lodged in the
packet of thoso who compel u to reccivo
tlio mails over this indirect route, and
again urged tho necessity of the organiza
tion, to secure to us if possible, nu influ
enco which which will enable us to obtain
malls from two to three week earlier than
wo now receive them.
The proposition to organizo a socioty for
tho object expressed was unanimously
On motion tho society proceeded to tho
election of officers, which resulted as fol
lows :
It. Hrattain, President.
1). MacTavish, Vico President.
(5. D. It. liujil anil L. P. Ilrown, Secro
taries. S. F. Chadwick, Cor. Secretary.
On motion, tho following committco
were chosen to draft n Constitution and
I.y-Lnwj, Mcssr. Hoyd, Harr, MacTavish,
Fisko and Chadwick.
On motion, a committco of three were
appointed to draft a petition to the Postal
Agent in regard to tho contracts to carry
tho mails between Yoncnlla and Umpqua
City; committo were .Messrs. Chadwick,
liarr and MacTavish.
After somo further remark from gentlo
men present, and business being done, tho
meeting adjourned.
LEVI KENT. President.
K. It. FISKE, VlcoPres't.
G. D. It. Ilovn,
Wm. JL Uahk,
Scon-sunn;, Feb 0, 1855,
S. F. CifAMvicir, )sq. Dear Sir:
The undersigned having beard with much
pleasure your nblo and eloquent remarks
on tho evening of thr .'Id Inst., in regard tn
tho interests of Southern Oregon, would
most respectfully ask of you a copy of the
samo for publication.
Truly yours,
G. I). It. Uoyd, J. It. Peters,
E. It. I'isko, I). MaoTuvish,
L. P. Hrown, II. G. Ilrown,
It. Hrattain, D. M. Thompson.
Lono PitAinin, Feb. 0, 1855,
To Mnssit. G. D. It. Ilovn, ami
Gentlemen: Your esteemed letter of
tho Oth inst., requesting for publication, a
copy of my remarks mado on tho evening
of tho ,'ird instant, I havo received and con
sidered, and in answer would say, that
while I feel thankful for tho respect con
ferred upon mo by your request, I must do
clino for tho reason that thoso remark
wore directed to a subject in which Cen
tral and Southern Oregon are moro partic
ularly interested, and tlio sutijuot of those
remarks being of a local character, tho
spirit of which would becomo moro effec
tual if carried out by tho societies when
organlzod, than thoy would by publication
at this time.
Yours, very rospoctfolly,
Correspondence of tbo Weekly (lazeltc.
Jacksonville, Jan. 21, 1855,
Di:au Uovu: I turn from tho press of
business tor a moment, to write you, and
say that trado is slower than over flour Is
down to six, eight, and ten conls it is
hard to cash a largo amount at any prlco;
in conscqucnco of this stato of things, and
tho unabated demand for water, to work
out tho "dust," every branch of industry is
knocked very nearly dead.
Tho committco on tho Indian Spoliation
appropriation, now titling horo to reccivo
and adjust claims against Government, aro
progressing, and will riso and go to their
Bevcral homes about tho 10th of February.
Yours, II,
(&" It has commenced raining again,
OCrTho following Memorials ami Res
oliitloii passod tho Legislative Assembly
during their lato Benslou, They wore Intro
duced by Mr. Ladd, of this uotmty, with
tho exception of one, whloli hmm Introduced
by Mr. Scott, In tho Council. Mr. Ladd
lufornm us that ho hud to contend with
much angry opposition in getting thoso
measures through.
'IV thn Honorable the Senate and Ifousa
of llcprrienta'M'fiofthc United States In
Conirei artrmbtrd t
Your memorialist, the Legislative As
sembly ofthu Territory of Oregon, must re
spectfully represent to your honorable body
that all ihat portlnuof said Territory lying
on tho Paeillo Oeoau, notith of the forty
fourth parallel of north latitude, including
tho UniKim river, constitute one uolleo-
tion district of tho United States; that, for
tho past two and n half years, a largo
amount of merchandise ha been trasportod
by ship from Sail Francisco to Sootlhburg,
which i situated at tho bead of tide water
navigation, just east of tlio Coast Range of
mountains, supplying, thus far, iho demand
of tho Interior. Hut such growing com'
iiicrcu has been seriously embarrassed, and
In ninny Instance siiitnluod disastrous los
ses, for tho want of n light-homo to mark
the cutrace.niid buoys to deslgnute the oliaii
uol nfKald Umpqun river; that the appro,
iiriiltioii heretofore mndo by Congress lian
been considered entirely Inadequate for the
erection of a light-house, as intended ; there
fore, to tho cud that tho promising Interest
of the western coast miy bosulnerved.nud
tho enterprising Hplrit of American citizens,
in their endeavor to open n now field for
commerce, and n path for civilization, your
memorialists pray that tho further appropri
ation of twenty thousand dollar bo undo
to build n light-houio at the mouth of said
tJtnpqtia rivernud also n further additional
appropriation to mark tho channel of said
river uilh iron case buoys; and, as In duty
bound, ill ever pray.
To the Honorable thr Senate and Ifoutn of
llrpresentativfs of the United Stater, in
Congress astcmblrd:
Your memorialists, tho Legislativo As
sembly ol iho 'IVrllory of Oregon, most re
spectfully represent, that most of tho public
lands in said Territory, west of tho Cas-?
cado mountains, have been surveyed, and
occupied by nctuil settlers; that tho pro
vision of iho laud laws render it necessary,
in most instiuces, that claimant he er
soually present with their witnesses, at tho
office ofthu Register and Receiver, to se
cure their donation rights, and to adjust
tho frequent conflict of boundiry which
ntisc, where settlement.-, precede tho public
And your rceniorilisti further represent,
that tho present land district of Ore
gon, is of ho great nn extent, that settler
upon large tracts of tho public lands In said
territory, are required to travel a distance
of moro than threo hundred miles, to attend
upon tho oflico of tho Register and Itecei
rer, the cxeiiso of which attendance is of
ten greater thin that of purchasing at gov
eminent prices, thu lauds to which they
may be entitled by donation.
Therefore, to tho end that said laws, mi
king donations of laud to actual Settlers lit
.Oregon, may bo rendered of practical ben
efit, a such, your iiiuiuorialistt pr.ty that
all that portion of said territory, liug south
of the dill standard parallel, at m . K-d on
tlio plats and surveys of the eiiii , 'u or
ganized into n separate l.ind di-t'f'i, and
that a Register and Receiver lu appointed
fir tho same, who shall bo invested with all
tho powers, duties, obligation and respon
sibilities a are now prescribed by law, for
the Register and Receiver of thu district of
Oregon, And as in duty bound, will ovor
pray, eVc.
Wiiciir.A, it is now conceded that tho
southern portion of Oregon is suffering
great incoiivcnlcnco from tho detention
of their mail mutter by tho present ar
rangement for delivery from tho ocoan
and carrying by land :
Uesolted by the Council, the House con
riirring, That his Honor tho Postmaster
General Is most respectfully solicited to
causo tho mails to bo delivered by soa into
Port UmjKpin, and establish a mail route
from Scottsburg to Deer Crock.
Wiii:iii:a, a memorial passed tho Legisla
tivo Assembly of tho Territory of Ore
gon, at its present session, (1851-0) to
tho Congress of tho United States, ask
ing and praying Congress to establish a
separate Lund Office for till that portion
of Oregon lying south of tho -1th stand
aril parallel Houth, for tho benefit, ac
commodation and convenience of tho
peoplo of southern Oregon, and to ap
point a Register and Receiver for tho
samo, and
Wiii:iii:am, your memorialist, representing
thu Interest of southern Oregon, In said
memorial, failed to designto any placo or
whereabouts thuv desired said oflico es
tablished; therefore
licit Resolved by the Lcgilalivo Assem
bly of tho Territory of Oreubn, That our
Delegato in Congress bo, and ho is hereby
instructed and requested to uso his Influenco
to havo said Land Oflico located In Ump
qua county.
(& Tho brig Potomac, Captain Hutlor,
was completely wrecked on Sandy Island,
Jnrmarv Hlli Klin urnu In Knllist and bound
in. Oflicors and crow ull .WTTff'