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About The weekly Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1872-1878 | View Entire Issue (April 17, 1872)
WEEKLY OREGON STATESMAN
All subscribers whose subscriptions arc not
palil for the current year are requested to
Quite a number owe this paper store 1S70
and the amounts so due would do It a great
(leal of good just at this time.
Lines drawn around I his notice are Intend
ed to call your attention to the date on your
tag ami to urge you to pav up.
Till appeal Is meant "in ilccided earnest
ami you are particularly requested to give It
The idea that newspapers are run without
cash Is fallacious very. .
The amount of Individual subscription to
ho small that sulisoribers do not realize the
importance of prompt payment, but the pub
Usher has very foreible proof of It. -
U. S. GRANT.
For Vtre ITenident,
A. It. Ifenchnin, of Umalllla County.
W. D. Hare, of Washington County.
Jim. F. tiasley, of Douglas County.
Joseph C. Wilson,
Of Wasco County.
WSl MOT ATTOftK I ES.
ail District, F. A. Cuenowetb of Benton.
3d Didtrk-t, X. It. Humphrey of Linn.
4th District, ?. It. Durham of Multnomah.
Stb District, T. C. Hyde of Grant.
Ueprrnontntlves. -Rcrus Mallory.T.
M(F. PaTTO.N, VM. DAR.ST, JOHN DOWN
ING, JosiEHH ENOLE.
County CuiumliMionein. Wm. Case,
County Oerk.-J. J. Mviil'H v.
Sheriff. -L. S. Scott.
Treasurer. -J. F Boykto.n-.
Supt. 1'vin. School. 1. S. Knight.
AsMMr. Thomas C. Shaw.
'. Surveyor. L. IL Jt'iMoS.
Coroner. T. W. Sihslton.
KEWH'TIONS AUOPTED BY THE STATE' EE-I-CIU-ICAM
CUXVHXTIOJL AT IXKTI.A2sI,
MAM.U Kh, IH72.
The Union Republican party of Oregon, In
Convention, makes thlsdeclaraUon of its prin
L. To the Constitution of the United States
and all II.- amendment we pledge our unfal
tering allegiance; to its authority a willing
obvdience ; to its full and legal construction
and enforcement our constant support.
2. Tliat the success of the present National
Administration in reducing Die public debt,
diminishing and equalizing taxation, admin
istering everv branch of public affairs with
economv and efficiency, forming and improv
ing the civil service, enforcing the laws with
out fear or favor. proteclliig the nation'
wards with paternal care against the cruel
avarice ol speculation and fraud, and main
taining frieudlv relations with Foreign Pow
em, has been such as to command the appro
bation of the great majority ol the American
jieople, and jiistlv eniitle it to the coniiilenco
anil commendation of every true Republican.
3. We regard the payment ot our national
debt. In full compliance with all legal obli
gations to our creditors everywhere, and lu
accordance with the true letter ami sjuril ol
Itscontractlug, as no longer a question in Is-I
sue ; but tliat we may be clearly tintterstnod,
we denounce all tonus and degrees of repu
diation of tliat debt, as allirnjeil by the Demo
cratlc iiartv and its svuipal liizers. as not only
national calamities, but positive crimes, and
we will never consent to a suspicion of lack
of honor or justice in itscoiuplele satisfaction.
4. We admit of no distinctions between
citizens whether of native oi foreign birth ;
mid therefore we favor the granting of full
amnesty to Hie jieople of those States lately in
ivliellio'ii ; and we here pledge the full ami
clTective protection of our civil laws to all
jktsobs voluntarily coming to or residing In
5. We favor the encouragement of rail
roads by the General Government ol" the
United Males, and hold that such disposition
should be made of the public lands as shall
secure the Mime to actual settlers only, In
quantities not exceeding bin acres.
ii. That whi le we are In favor of a revenue
for the Huonort of tlie General Government,
by duties iisn Imports, siHinil policy requires
such ailjustment of those duties on Imports as
to encourage the development of the Indus
trial interests of the whole country; and we
recommend that jiolicy of national exchange
which secure to the wording men lllieral
wages; to agriculture remunerative prices;
to mechanics and manufactures an adequale
reward lor their skill, laisw aim enterprise
and to the Nation commercial prosperity am
7. We believe that jiojuilar education Is
thesoletnie tiasisann noiu ot a iree govern
ment, and sliall ever oppose any diversion of,
or Interference with the common school
funds or lands In this Stale, tor any other
than their legitimate purpose, and we con
demn the act of favoritism by the last Legis
lature whereby two hundred thousand dol
lar., taken Umim the cIhhW nod, werw critnusd
to a corioratioli consisting mainly ot iM-iis--cratlo
leaders, and party lavorin-s, tor Hie
construction of a work wla.li anotlier corpo
rallon, entirely smind and re-mlblc. id
fered to coustruct for Mrenty-Uve tlHio-and
dollars less; and that we are In favor ol the
passage by the Legislature of an era. lent
school law, Kih'.h asshall mvitre to all lit
zens of our State a good comraou s:hiMd -lo-oation.
8. We And no terms suniciently itmnr U
expresa our disapproval of those act. ot it
last Legislature whereby the swamp land t
lonidnglo this Mate have been taken from
the needy settlers, ami given withoiH limn or
proper competition In price to the land grno
lierand siwciilator ; whereby the emolument,
and salaries ol State oflicers have lieen un
constitutionally Increased, and lhetaxu
;reased thousand ot dollars by the cn-aiion
of new and unneecesarv offices and salaries,
for the purpose " providing for party favor
ites ; a ml whereby the citizens of our metrojs.
olis liave been deprived of and denleil tl
right of controlling their isilice authority.
And we equally condemn the aduilnlsli atlon
of our Slate oilicers and hiws as exiravagaut-,
reckless, illegal and destructive, and e
rightly charge all those results as the acts
ot the"lemocratie rty.
11. We are In favor of the fulled suites
giving to each honorably discharged soldier
who serve"! in the armies of the Lotted Mtatca
to put down the rebellion a warrant lor a
homestead of piO acres of public lands.
in. That we demand the repeal of tlie imv
called litigant act, w hich was devised tosnp
port patier licinoi'iatic newsiers at the
11 That the Republican lvirty of this State
are lu favor of the tieueral Government ex
tending aid toward building a railroad from
1'ortlainL, Oregon, to Silt 1-ike City, and
from Jackson county to Humboldt, and we
hereby pledge our 'iarty representatives to
tlie support of tlie Kline.
12. Thai the Indiscriminate licensing of
persons tiMwIl spirituous liquors without be
ing placed under proper resninsibllltles for
the abuse thereof, having been f.iund by ex
pertenco to promote the growth of cruncand
pauperism, and therehv toserlnusly Increase
the niteitf taxation, the Republican jnrty
recoguiu'A the right and dutv of the Uiu
making )ower to prevent and limit the evils
anil abuses of such sale, so tar as cravras the
public good and is consistent with individual
lihertv, by refusing to license other Hum law
alildliig and resinslble persons, w ho can
furnish sufficient sureties lor good conduct.
13. Tliat the Kepuhlkian uiny of Oregon
Is In favor of olitainlng assistani'e fnim the
4ieneral Gixernmeiit tor Uie construction of a
wagou mail from the citv of Portland to tlie
Italics, rec-iiUmg this as a most important
and necessarv ImproreMent Ibr the State.
H. We attirm HuU the conttmiauce In
power of the Iteriiiblicitn party Js the only
lUire preservation of national peace and pros
irltv.and for reasons tliert't'or we point to U
Jirllllant. n.nl In the laKiclvIl war: to a com
plete nationality ; to a nnlbsl sisterhood of
t ilrl y-seven Nates; to our i erruones rapiu-
. r . . .... .i r..
iv warnumr into riaie umi w imirmiicwi
from tlie taint of human slnvery; to an ele
vated andcnlArgedctti7.enslip; toournatiou
al standing at home and aln-(d; to the work
of vigoroua reform In all ibsvovered abuses
of auUwir it-v r t rust ; to an um-qtmled for:lgn
credit ; to a ucsietiul and solid linaivial sys
tem, ami to tlie iin)raielled peace and pro
peritj BVerywliere In our broad Unnaiu, and
these are our pliHlge for the future.
l.i. We hail the "New lHqiarture " of the
late IHnmcratu'. party, taken by the a:tion of
tlijeir Convention in seven Stales an affir
mation of the principles for hk theKepub-s-an
partv hascouteailcd for the last ten years;
ami in the Passive Policy" of tliat larty,
already assumed In several of the Slates, we
recognize an acknowledgment of their hojMs
lessness of success in the coining Presidential
The Price or Heal lb,
Like that of liberty, is eternal vigilance.
The vapor-laden air of sjalng exercises a de
pressing Influence on the vital powers. The
strongest feel . this devitalizing cfTtvt ; the
weak are prostrated by it Everybody is
more or less debilitated at this season, and
tho tecble Instinctively geek the-belp of medi
cine. Unfortunately, the "remedy" resorted
totowetimes aggravates the mischief. Raw
stimulants are eminently pernicious in such
cases, and drastic cathartics about as bad.
The vital principle needs succor and support,
and a reluforciug preparation that will tone
and rouse, while It regulate and purines Die
system. Is tho medicine that nature demands.
All the medicinal elements required fur such
emergencies arc combined In Hostetter's
stomach Bitters, the purest and most efllca
eious vegetable elixir that the world has ever
known. It is a mild stimulant, a powerful
tonic, an uneqiialed aipetlzer, an absolute
speclrtu fbr .diseased digestion, a wonderful
nervine, a moderate cathartic, a remedy for
liver complaints and periodic fevers, a cure
for constipation, a specUie for rheumatism, of
sseiuiai use in an aiimems w wnicn me
feebler sex ate subjects and as a general
household mcdk-.lne unequalled and unap
limocheiL These are tlie proiierties which
have made llosietter's Bitters famous evcry
wliere. See to It, however, that you have the
true article, for the land Is Infested with
swarms of locI tattera, Made from con
demned liquors and worthless drugs; which
greedy vnWi-hes who speculate on human
life recommend as panaceas for everv ill tliat
flesh is heir to. Beware of the charlatan
ami luelr poisons. . ,, t, . aprlfcd wtw
Dlrkvja Crane fie Lis for Cletuw
log, a ad Preserving the Teeth, Beautifying
the Complexion, and removing freckles,
ru)S ions, Sunburn and Tan. A New Combi
nation, equal to the best French preparations,
"and free frotp tbclr potaonods Ingredients. In
Tented by GEO. 8. DICKEY, Chemist
frh. 10 iltwftm
VOL. 21. NO. 37.
HOW IT WORKS.
Tlie Roseliurg Ensign makes tlie
following coiuimuit on tlie town of
Oakland, as it Is likely to be affected
by tlie fact that the railroad may miss
4tSince our last visit there, Oakland
has not changed materially. The rail
road misses it and likelv to make a
depot a mile this side, which will be
likely to throw a shadow over the
present, villnge. &o excitement about
real estate tliere, for "coming events
cast their sliadows before."
It Is tlie natural consequence, as a
matter of course, that the lire towns
will be along the line of the railroad.
That fact is governed by a law more
powerful than all the edicts of Empe
rors or laws ot parliament or legisla
turesthe laws of commerce. Live
men go where tliere is life if they do
not already live in such spheres. Trade
goes where there are tlie best trade
facilities. Kailroads introduce into all
new countries, like this, a new niiecies
of life, and not infrequently revolu
tionize all the best worn courses of
commerce. The vigor of railroad en
terprise and the businesses that link
fortunes with it, is too strong to be
resisted by towns or cities that have
not totally distinct anil equal commer
cial facilities. Towns like OakJand,
Albany, Salem, eta tlie capital invest
ed in them, Jieing divided among
many having diverse individual in
terests, cannot retain their feeble hold
upon tlie business of their surrounding
communities, with their old defective
facilities, as against the active vigor
that starts into life and growth all
along railroad lines. It would be
worth tlie halt of all the wealth of Oak
land to have the railroad run through
the town, rather than to miss it one
mile. When the railroad was built
past Salem, the people doing business
here, and owning real estate and brick
buildings, would have made money by
jmrchasing and tearing down the best
brick Mock in the city to secure the
line through, and a depot within, the
business jitirt of tlie city. They would
make money by doing it yet rather
than have the railroad and depot re
main where they are now. It strikes
us that it is time for the property
owners here to earnestly study tlie les
sons taught by towns ruined and towns
made by railroads, not only in Oregon,
but in California and everywhere else.
The laws that govern in one place
govern everywhere ; and they cannot
he altered or amended by legislative
resolves or enactments. Cities ten,
fifteen or twenty times as large as
Sjalem have had to buy railroads to and
from them to save themselves from
utter ruin. This sort of thing is not
peculiar to Oregon, at all ; t is the
rule in every State. Salem can get the
railroad and deiot re-located for a sum
so inconsiderable, cnmpstrwl with the
benefits it would receive therefrom,
that it is astonisliing to everybody that
it does not raise tlie necessary amount
in a day. Citizens, why not tike hold
of the railroad subscription at oni-e
and lKK)st it every day till the needed
sum is secured ?
. I lit JiXI TICIT F.L1X.TIOS.
It i cnneis.led by even the mo8 icr
sisteiit and ennu't opponents of Presi
dent flmnt ami llw Keptihlicnn party,
th-tt lJ late kit 'u tit in Connecticut
had a krpr i;iittlcainr than is ordin
arily ivwtl'd t a merely ?tate clec
IVihi. l .!!mii X. Y.) Times, an
arti-;rant. ail is C1iH.iiiii.iti CotiVen
thmi'tf. ilittn piwsitin, paper, ju-t on
ttir rye of () rkition. conceded that
tlx- result would lie Liken for an in
dication of the prospects of the two
great jKirtie in tlie coming Presiden
tial campaign." That paper, alter
stating tlie situation in Connecticut as
to personnel of the opposing tickct-stlie
platforms and thestumjiersin the field,
says that the two tickets were evenly
matched ; and for local reasons tliere
was sisireely a choice between tlietn,
and adds : It is on national grounds,
however, that t his campaign U fought."
It seems to have been the general
judgment in relation to what meaning
should be attached to the result, that a
Republican victory would be a decla
ration of Connecticut for Grant, on
purely national grounds, and vice
versa. The issue then was the general
policy and platform of the great Re
publican party of the nation ; and we
have the Verdict made up by a jury of
the people, uninrluenced by any local
consideration or side issues. It is a
triumph pure and complete for Grant
and his administration. lu a State,
like Connecticut, more ofteu l)enio
cratic tlian Republican, the verdict is
all tlie more significant. It shows,
briefly saidrthat the tide of public sen
timent is flowing with an overwhelm
ing current in the direction of Grant's
re-nomination, his re-election and the
continuance of his wise policies.
AVe hear tliat the Republicans of
Douglas county are alive ami entering
upon the campaign with vigor and
harmony and with excellent prospects
for victory in June. We trust that the
example of the Republicans of Dong
las, will be imitated by those of other
counties, and tliat tlie only rivalry will
be to see which sliall do tlie most of the
hardest and best work for the success of
the party in Oregon. The State can
be redeemed ; let us all say that it
This time it- isG. W. Lawson who
has got disgusted with witnessing the
"contiptiiig struggle between the old
parties for the spoils of oflice," and has
concluded to do a little "struggle" for
the "spoils of oflice," on his own hook.
He wants to be elected to the Ilouse of
Representatives. His platform em
braces every issue lie could think of,
ami he thinks that, with so many
planks to choose from, it will go hard
with any man if he don't find at least
one plank he can stand on.
Sow the Ilerald is going in on phil
ology. It says: "Sovereignty admits
of no degrees of comparison ; we can
not say, sovereign enire sovereign.
wot. sovereign; not sovereign,
sovereign, Uxut sovereign." We can't
see where the difficulty comes in. A
writer who caii My with such facility,
so many exceedingly foolish things as
does tlie Herakl editor,' ought to bo
able to get away with almost any ab
surdity. According to wliat Mrs. Stenhouse
knows : about polygamy, t Brighara
Young headed his matrimonial list
xrtth an Angel and has wound up as
far as heard from; with a Cobb.
A DEMOCRATIC JIISBE VtEJTTA
1TKV. " The pres of the Radical part', and
the leaders of that party, .
loudly proclaim tlie Improvement at
tlie Falls to be a 'swindle.' "Herald.
The press of the " Radical " party
has done nothing of the sort. Nobody
has objected to the "improvement."
Stealing the people's school money and
giving it away for a purpose never
contemplated by lji)v was tlie "swin
dle" which tlie Republican press and
all honest men have condemned. That
was a most aggravated "swindle,"
made doubly aggravated by the fact
tliat the same " improvement " might
have been secured for $125,000 had not
the Democratic Legislature been in
tent only upon shovelling tlie people's
coin into Democratic pockets, " witli
out regard to expense." Had the
Legislature been content to steal tlie
smallest amount of school fund, neces
sary to secure tlie improvement of the
falls, it might have set up some claim
to economy, even in stealing ; but, as
has been proved over and over again,
the Legislature refused a fair offer
from a responsible company to do the
same work for $125,000, and gave an
other company, ou account of political
.favoritism, $200,000. This even ad
mitting that it Wasoiicy to ste.sl
enough to Suild the locks, was a clear,
profligate steal and waste of the State's
money, to the amount of $75,000. The
members of tlie Legislature, each and
individually kiiew that they were
stealing and wasting $75,000 more
tlian was necessary to be taken out ot
any fund, to say nothing of the wrong
they did in taking it from the school
fund. Govt Grover knew the facts
when he signed the bill. They are all
culpable and responsible together, and
will be so held, though Democratic
newspapers and stumpers should
wriggle, evade, and lie a thousand
times to avoid the cliargc.
Mr. C. 31. Blake, a school teacher at
Forest Grove, late a Chaplain df the
U. S. Army in Arizona, has made ap
pointments to make speeches at Lafay
ette, McMiunville, Auiity ami Eugene,
against President Grant. It may per
liaps lie well enough tor his hearers to
know what is the matter with Mr.
Blake. He had served with credit, we
believe, during the war, a part of the
time in ti ji maud of some colored
troops; and after the close of the war
was appointed a chaplain and sent to
Arizona. There he got into some
quarrel with the oilicers of the Depart
ment of Arizona and tlie Division of
the Pacific which resulted in las dis
missal or resignation from the service.
He claims, with what justice we can
not tell, that he was got out of the ser
vice through a conspiracy among the
oilicers. He has been trying to get a
court of inquiry ordered, and in that,
has had some assistance from army
oilicers in high standing ; but it seems
that the attempt has never been suc
cessful. Every inquiry into the mat
ter, alter proceeding about so far, litis
resulted in finding a state of facts
which induced the interceding parties
to abandon the effort. What those
facts are, we cannot say, but they seem
to have been suflicient to stop every
effort thus far made in his behalf.
That President Grant has not rein
stated liini is what's the matter with
Mr. Blake. He is satisfied that the
coiuitry under Grant's administration
is rapidly going to tlie dogs. If he had
been re-appointed chaplain U. S. A.
the country would doubtless have taken
the high road to prosjierity, at once.
This case seems to be jtK about on the
same footing with that of each of the
Senatorial triumvirate, who are fight
ing Grant, becatt-H.' they couldn't con
trol the ollicial patronage of their
States. In the case ot Blake, we think
the people will, when they hear hint,
come to the conclusion that President
Grant need not withdraw from the
cam return on his account
Till? DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE.
We know now who is appointed
for Jo. Wilson to beat. The man N !
oue John Burnett of Benton county. 1
Burnett, in the matter of natural
ability, is a Unit the size of Slater, the
present llemocratic Repre-Hintative,
though not the hitter's equal, by any
means, in either education, polish or
iddres. If elected, he would U-, if
possible, more nearly a cipher in Con
gress than cither Slater or Kelly. Ore
gon would be quite as well oil' without a
Representative, as with Burnett m
Congress, lie, however, unquestion
ably has the elements of popularity
with a certain class ot Democratic
voters, and will probably make as
srood a run as could any Ileinocrat
having the immense load of the last
Legislature's corruption and stealing
record to cany, lie is understood to
be a bedrocker of rather malignant
type, and quite willing to cn'lorse and
defend the Democracy's doings, even
to tlie stupendous rohlieiic of Tam
many and the re-election and endorse
ment of Boss Tweed, the "Boss Thief"
of the world. He will suit the bush
whacker clement of the Democracy in
Eastern Oregon, and of Long Tom,
Soap Creek and Santiam Forks ; and
wc suppose the more intelligent and
civilized members of the party will
follow their usual custom of voting the
straight ticket, no matter liow personal
ly nauseous the dose may be to swallow.
Burnett litis but recently risen to tlie
surface as a politician, and he never
attracted any attention as anything
el-e. For his present position U'fore
the public he Is, indebted, principally,
to the enmity of Grover and Miller to
Ben Hayden and their anxiety to lieat
him for the nomination, with anybody
they could make available. Burnett
happened to be their man and so, Bur
nett happened to be the nominee. It
was "llxcd" before Miller and Gro
ver left for tlie Dalles, if Miller is to
be believed. The man if beaten at tlie
polls, will at once sink back to his
former and natural obscurity, to in
dulge in his natural indolent sleepi
ness ; if elected, he will first draw his
pay, unnoticed and unnoticeable, as a
member of Congress, for two years,
and then sink back to his appropriate
place, a common clod among common
people. Tlie State of Oregon will win
no credit, and can have positively
notlilntr to train In any way. by elect-
Inir Mm ti Goneres. We have the
most sanguine hopes that, the certifl
cafe of election will pe Issued to J. G
Wilson, who is a gentleman so im
measnrablv tlie surierior of Burnett hi
ability and every essential requisite for
an officer and public aervaiit, as to
render comparison lmpossinir.
THE DEMOCRATIC P1ATFOPM.
This document, just as we antici- i
pated, is namby-pamby, just as ite an- .
thor is. Gov Curry was Chairman of
the Committee on Resolutions, but he
had no more to do with them than to
report them, under instructions. The ;
first resolution is Grover'8 stereotyiied :
"bill ot rights," containing What he (
evidently thinks "a commodity of ,;
good words," inasmuch as he never ;
loses an opportunity to use theni. The ?
"restoration and preservation of the
rights of tlie States," etc.. squints at a
return to the old status when Demo-
ciats claimed the inalienable right to '
secede and "kick the wagon over" just
when and for what cause, it might suit
them; otherwise the resolution U quite
as unmeaning in its glittering general
ities, as even .Grover could wish it to
The second resolution sounds quecrly
enough when we remember the cor
ruption aud profligate dishonesty ofthe .
last Democratic Legislature and the
corrupt grabbing ofthe rings to whom
that body opened the door.
The third would sound very much
like a denunciation of the litigant law.
the swamp liind rings, and other priv
ileged Democratic institutions, it' we .
did not know that it is clap-trap. Tlie
Democratic construction of it will not
point its meaning in tliat direction.
Tlie fourth will be considered by all
foreign manufacturers as an exceeding
ly sensible declaration. Home manufac
turers and home industry will, how
ever, hardly take the same view of it.
The fifth comes to the rescue of the
Ku Kliix, and has the merit, at least,
of showing that the Democracy has not
forgotten its old sympathies, and i
still true to its natural affinity with in
subordination and social anarchy.'
The sixth is an indefinite and scat
tering tire, intended, like the exceed
ingly ingenious hunter's rifle-shot, to
hit the game when it Is deer and miss
when it is calf. It is the clieaiiest and
silliest gammon, with which to create
unreasonable prejudices against the
railroad enterprises now under way itt
tlie Stite; and j-et it betrays the
cowardice of the party leaders to com
mit themselves in their platform to the
uniform utterances of their party press
aud party stumpers demagogues all.
The eighth declares the improve
ment at the Willamette falls, a good
thing, but it dodges entirely the dis
tinct charge in the Republican plat
form that the subsidy given it from the
school fund, w as a flagrant piece of
robbery of one of the people's most
The ninth and last is a silly and ex
ceedingly cheap puff for "I and Gil
frey," to which Grover is welcome, so
far as we care.
The platform, entire, is general in
expression, makes no distinct issues,
and answers no one of the clear and
definite arraignments of the lK-mo-cratic
jiarty, as made in the RepiuV
liean platform. It is just such it namby-pamby,
non-committal string of
glittering generalities as suits the cliar
acter of its author and the luirty that
has now ho distinctive organization or
principles. It can be used or kicked
over at pleasure, by Bedroekers, I'as
sivists, Xew Departurisfc or Possums ;
and no Democrat could lie indicted by
his jarty for doing cither. .
It will be in order now for Ben Hay
den to turn his political coat again,
lie didn't get the Republican nomina
tion for Governor in lSb'2, and, ;re.f'i,
Ben had a change of political raiment,
at once. Now he has failed to get tin;
Democratic nomination for Congress;
and we can't see why be should. not Ik;
consistent and do the irrrtt act again,
lie is just as likely to get a nomination
for Governor or Congressman trem the
Republican as from the Democratic
jcirty, which ought to lx; a considera
tion with Ben. The fact is Ben,
Miller and Grover have never U'en
able to forgive you for the radical
opinions you used to have about the
propriety ot ornamenting jail windows
with such feet as Miller's and G rover's.
Time brings its revenges; Miller and
Grover have tit last got their s. Ben s
feet will never tread Congressional
(i rover and Gov. Miller evidently
had tilings "put up" ou Helm and
Hayden, in tlie leinoeratie Conven
tion. Carrying a nominating conven
tion is, however, a very different, and
frequently less difficult, thing to do
than to carry the ticket after it is nom
inated. The most difficult labor of the
ring is to be encountered yet. Grover
in his greed to have himself puffed,
has committed the blunder of loading
tho party with bis own weight, llis
asses will break down under him.
The preliminary 'survey of the Cor
vallis and Yaquina Bay railroad route
will lie commenced in a few days by a
corps of engineers under the direction
of Mr. Geo. Mercer, of .Corvallis. It
UgiiH to look as if something is to be
done in this important enterprise, and
we heartily rejoice at tlie fact. It is a
movement in which not only the
Yaquina Bay country, but a large part
ot the Willamette valley, liave a vital
Some of tltc Democratic Bedroekers
ot Douglas county had an appoint
ment to address the people at Oakland
the other day. The day arrived but
the candidates didn't ; and it . was un
derstood out theri that the sjieakers
liad received private instructions from
headquarters Gov. Miller to hold
on : it was uueertain what ort ot De
mocracy it might be necessary to talk.
It must stand to tlie credit of Ben.'
Hayden tliat he objected in the Demo
cratic State Convention to tlie Willam
ette Falls canal, lock and dam swindle.
Grover and Miller the latter a stock
holderhad however decided that the
school fund steal should be endorsed,
and Ben. was put down. His masters
being for it, Burnett will, of course,
pipe for the swindle.
For some time prior to tlie Democratic-
Convention, Ben Ilaydeu had
been practicing the clean-bhirt dodge ;
but the convention ignored not only
the. shirt, but the man In it. Tlie
ciiange In his personal appearance was
so "Radical, " that the delegates sus
pected him. It was the most unfortu
nate hirt Ben ever put on. ' ;
: The Oregouian sayg it. wa under
stood at Portland, Monday, that Bur-
nelt was tlie candidate of tlie Grover
dorsums for f Vngrei.
WEDNESDY, APRIL 17, 1872.
We liave not yet heard from the I
JMUes Oouveutiou of possums, but so
tar as one may know by observation
mi uuugi terrestrial ana celestial, the
worm is still going on, much as usual :
society still pursues Its follies and its
wisdoms ; sleep falls as of old upon
weary eyelids; labor is rewarded as I
usual, and the vrrtuous are still lianovi tt
Tlie following Republican State
Conventions were held yesterday s
Pennsylvania, at Harrlsburg, and
Florida, at Jacksonville. Tlie Na
tional Convention of colored people of
tlie Lnited Suites, also met at New
Orleans; and tlie Liberal Republican
Convention of Kansas, met at Topeka.
Three or four persons who have
taken the Weeklt Statesman for
sometime, liave sneakingly returned
it, marked "not wanted" without
saying anything about paying arrears.
After awhile, if such sneaks do not
settle, we will let the public know who !
tliey are, giving full name and ad
dress. We can't exactly see. what was the
use of the Democratic State Conven
tion appointing delegates to a Nation
al Dcniocratk; Convention, : Wljon it is
one oCibo uriprobtrbta -thing
that any such Convention will be held.
It does no harm, however, and it
doubtless amuses the possums.
Grover has started for Eastern Ore
gon to tell the people what he knows
about what "1 and Gilfrey" haw done
"siiu wb Uu-amp. tlie Executive of I
Oresron." llis stay east ot the moun
tains will not necessarily, be a long
i Arkansas journalism has a style pe
culiarly its own. One of the papers
puts up its ticket as follows : " For
President of the United- States, U. S.
Grant. For Governor of Arkansas,
not Jo. Brooks, by a sight."
KEX.SE OR SCICIDET"
The following article from the N. Y,
Christian Union, Henry Ward Beecli-
er's paper, is full of good sound' sense
and we resiectfu!Iy commend its pe-
ru-al to those temperance men in
Oregon who are disposed to force the
temperance question into the present
"The Temperance men in Cornice
tie;it liave a way of rewarding their
friends winch must needs make people
anxious to serve them ! The Republi
can party lias neen lacntineti with
Tt-miM-raiice legislation, and has in
consequence earned tlie steady hatred
ot all who love rum. Tlie Democratic
party has U-en uniformly, consistently
and without disguise, the opponent of
all such legislation. It. may be well
for those who put Temperance aUwe
every other and all other issues, to re
call the politiea 1 history of the State
in rcir.trd to this, l lie Prohilntorv
Law was passed by a Whig legislature
in 1851. Republican legislatures have
maintained it without intermission
until now. When in l.St!7 a great ef
fort wa made to rex-al it the Repub
licans m caucus unanimously deelilct!
to snpjiort tho law, and hi tlie legisla
ture successfully defended it against
the whole Democratic strength. The
same tliiue luipucuud agaiu in IsStJS
The two parties have consistently pre-
scrveu their respective attitutles. One
would suppose that Temperance men,
at least would leel Umud to look with
favor ttiKwi the Republican part'
We believe tliat the great majority of
them do. But a few men, uioru ar
dent than considerate, have turned
their liaeks upon the party that has
borne the burden antl lieat or the day.
and are determined to put the State
into tlie nanus ot the Democratic parry:
For tins is tlie plain, political l-iiglisl
of running in Connecticut a third party
or Temperance ticket. No one, not
the blindest fanatic supposes flint this
ticket will Ik; elected. It will not
draw a single vote irom tne iiemo
crits. It will simply weaken the Re
publican mrty. In a close election,
if it shall liave any appreciable effect
it will lie to punish the friends of tem
perance and reward its enemies. 1 ins
is what is called "producing a moral
impression. " Thev mean to punish
the lukewarumess of those who liave
lielped them, by strengtlieiiiug tlie
hands of those w ho have vehemently
hated them Is not this a queer lllu
trat ion of the command to love, one
But such conduct strikes at tho root
of honor and political faith, What In
ducement can any jwirty have liercafter
to adopt a wind tnea in legislation.
wlieu every step of fidelity to public
morals will only array against them
the very men who have urged'tliem to
reformatory legislation r ihis course
is taken, we are told, because the Re
publican iKtrty have Uen dilatory in
liassnig a more rigorous luitoreement
Act : And, to remedy tins lac, tnese
Connecticut statesmen propose to put
in power a party tliat wiilrppeal every
law for which tliey have labored, aud
tiinihilate every hoic of legislation :
Because the friends of temiieraiicc do
not perfect their legislation, these tem
perance statesmen are determined to
destroy it altogether! If legislative
lemiierance retoi ni Is put hack niden-
uitelv in Connecticut, the friends of
tern iterance may tliank these blind
leaders, who are leading them straight
into the ditch and a very deep and
nasty ditch at that ! 1 hey are surely
betraying the cause to the enemy, and
none the less because tliey meau well,
and are only blundering.
But the imprudent action offhe few
men m Connecticut, aside trom Its Dad
effect upon tho temperance cause, will
have an injurious effect upon the In
terests of the country at large. To
throw the State of Connecticut into tlie
hands ofthe Democrats this year, is to
give to that juirty the election or a
L'nited States Senator. This is a
vear, also, in which comes a Presklen
tial election, and lu such years the
Connecticut elections, as tliey come
early iu the list, have important influ
ence upon the course of national pol
itics. At a time wnen so many liuiu-
on.. .HclnrhW flu, hariiioiir of
... - " e - --, .
uie iwptioncaii party, anu uireaujumg
to put the country with its vital ques-
tions into tlie hands of their avowed
enemies, ought Republican temperance
men to allow themselves to be led Into
a course which damages every interest
which they love, or play the buffoon,
and reward their enemies hy ntlfUnir
them ill power, and punish their friends
Dy putting them ont r
It is true that "whom the Lord
loyeth he chastiseth." But we submit
that there is in administrative wisdom,
an important ditlereuce between tlie
Lord and the nroDOsed Temperance
Governor of Connecticut. It Is time
tliat the true temperance men of Con-
1 .. .
necticut, who have not taken leave of
their senses, should put an end to a
suicidal movement made in their home.
and which puts in jeopardy all that
has been gained hy years of endeavor.
If tlie cause is put hack, ou the tcul-
iierance men will rest the responsi
. Fob Ghant vs. Gbeeley. Lancas
ter county. Pennsylvania. Uie oUierdav
took a vote by primaries for the election
of delegates to the National Republican
IWiMnlliU, . iTIuhm Ma fl m... 1 ,.V.
. tdh wvt,.. jiuctv ' - i -n ....-
et and It Greeley ticket nd the I An-
caster Inquirer says the Grant ticket
received i 4,633 votes to 418 for Uie
Greeley ticket Lancaster l one of
tlie oldest aud strongest Republican
iwinitn. tn iu. t..i.3 i ...
wuubica ui mu i iiilv-.! cuiks, anu no-
aally polls from 12,009 to 13,000 Re-
From Daily of ffVneiHlaff Apr. 10.
Tho U. S. Wstriet Court has adjourned till
Monday, June sad.
The roads throngh Cmpqua valley are gct-
Un drlea P be passable.
i'rot vistied Umpqua valley last week aad
" rrea tmt r"m " ,uffemt
vurc fciiuicw amivibuu in usiauig ancr
railroad matters In Douglas county.
The Oregon lan says the Portland city treas
ury had K,933 81 tn It on the 1st of April.
The miners at work In Maiden's gulch, Ba
ker county, are retorted doing well.
Baker City wasdelectated one dav last week
with a show of Jack rabbits ami horses.
Postoltlces have been recently established
at Iowa Slough, Coos county, and at Cress-
well, Lane oounty.
Frenchmen in Portland have subscribed
too to aid In paying off the German Indemni
ty debt of France.
Marion Fleming was killed on Uie 5th lust.
In Grant county, by the fulling of a horse it
on which he was riding.
The Plaindealer regnts the iliscontinuance
of the post oflice at Hermaiinsvllle, as it Is the
most important oflice on the route to Ran
A special term of eourt Is to be hekl April
29th at Oregon C'lly to try Mlcliael M.sCor-
mick for the murder of an Indian, and Jacob
Engle for tlie murder of Jesse V. Boone.
Albert MaUky while walking akinj the Ba
sin at Orvgou City, last Sunday, was seized
with an apoplectic lit and fell into. the Basin.
lie was very soon rescued, but breathed only
once or twice after being taken out.
The Bedrock Democrat, of Baker City, says:
J. Holstine, Esq., a fcw days ago sokl six
claims on Moultrie Gulch, Eagle Creek Dis
trict, to one FUlier lbrks,-0; ami two days
afterwards Fisher sold the same claims ibr
The Knsign says: The merry clang of the
engine bell will soon greet the ears of Doug
las enmity residents ; and the note of tlie hs-o-motive
whistle is the note of enterprise ; and
thenars are coming. Grading between hero
ami Oakland is rapidly progressing, and ac
! con ling to contract, is to be finished by the li
of June. The road is completed nearly
through the Pass Creek canyon. So rapid Is
Its progress that graders anil bridge-builders
arc pushed to keep ahead ofthe track layers.
Wake up, ye "forty-niners," aud see wliat ts
J-'nni Vnily of Thttrmlnf Apr. 11.
An opposition line of steamers on the lower
Columbia river is hinted at.
There have been twenty-three steamer arri-
valstn the Columbia river, since (lie Ur.-st of
Judge J. II. Heed Is slowly recovering from
the Injuries received by a recent fall at Jack
sonville. Ilev. J. W. Miller, delegate to the Grand
Loilge of the United States, L O. G. T., will
start tast this week.
Cai. 8. J. McComiick will soon deliver a
lecture at Portland Sir the benefit of tu
Mary's church Corvallis.
Mr. Sackctt commenced work on List Tue?-
ilay, near the Whitmore Oap, and beyond
that a force of Chinamen area work.
Messr. Crane A Co., sliipjied up the Colum
bia river, Tuesday, machinery and material
for working their copper mine, at Copperton.
The Oregonlan complains that Portland is
in rest is I with sneak thieves, to an extent tlu-.t
makes It particularly uncertain for anything
lying around loose.
John Landls has added his name to the
list of absconders. lie was a sub-contrnctnr
ou the railroad, near the lront. His creditors
Muituaiuah election precincts are tube re
arranged. They ought to be, fir, as now, in
some ofthe more populous precincts not more
thau two-Uiiols of the electors can vote.
The Oregonlan says several delegates to
the Possum Convention at tlie Dalles were
left liclilnil yesterday morning, having over- .
sleiit themselves. They should liave ke
butter hours. " Wine AVorks Wonders."
The Guard tays that it is rumored at Ku-
gene tliat the Oregon and California Itallmid
has cone hided to locale Its shops at Luper's,
about seven miles north of Eugene, Instead
of Junction City.
Ben. Simpson' who arrived down from Ya
quina yestenlay mnrrlng, Informs us that his
schooner, the Klnonth Is now on the ways, U-
tng re)tired uude nllroctlon of the company
insuring her, ami that she will probably be
ready to sail for San Francisco in a w eek or
ten day s.
The Jacksonville Sentinel says: "We
learn from a private letter that the citizens of
Link Hlver were Informed tliat two couit-
nles of cavalry bad left Fort Klamath, and
would be in the vicinity of Link Itiver on the
2l of April, for the purpose of prosecuting a
war against Modnck Jack and his tribe, and
compel thorn to go upon the reservation."
Fmm JMilg of Friionj Apr. 12.
The Kailmad in prospect Is helping Jose
phine county to population.
Steamship Oriflamme Is advertised to sail.
Saturday the 1.1th Inst., from Portland.
The question of moving the county seat of
Josephine county to Slate creek or Applegate
is being agitaleil.
The Good Templars of Hillsboro are going
to have a grand festival, Saturday evening,
fir the benefit of their lodge room.
The delegates to the Dalles Convention,
en route, are reirtcd to have tqient their
time in buzzing ami visiting the bar. '
A Chiuese maiden, J. Foy, of Porthtnii,
took some medicine the other night. Her fu
neral has been somewhat delaved by a
crowuer's quest law."
The Modoc Imlians of Lost river are be
coming exceedingly troublcsom again war
ilanclng, stealing stock, etc Col. Otis pro
poses to go for them, from Camp Warner.
Tlie Democratic ticket for Wasco county Is
as follows: .State Senator, Monroe; Uenre-
sentatives, Rolx-rt Grant and Thomas sjtephen-
son ; Sheriff, Schutz; Clerk, A. Holland; Coun
ty Judge, X. II. Gates; Treasurer, J. Dougher
ty; County Commissioners, E. AVingaleaitd
W. IL MoAtee; Assessor, John Cotes. lie-
publicans say tliat it leaves out the oi l and
1 tried workers of the party, and is an easy
ticket to beat.
Vancouver has exhausted it school fund.
Ball road survevors are what's the matter
with Olympia, now.
Hallett is pushiuir his cradiuc work toward
Clarke county, W.T., In the last ten mouths
lias paid U,8UI of her debt.
A man named Moore of Puyatlnu trot fin v-
fourdou bites, tlie other dar. He has token 'a
uisuae ior aogs.
Boise Cltv people are getUng excited about
!n .'lroa rum iy to IM Cen-
i trai l'acuic ranroau.
It is reported that L. P. Beach la Kit Una h
band ready to play for Garlielde. That bai
oas none serv ice in its uay.
The Otld fellows of V'ancover propose to
celebrate tlie 53d anniversary of the Order in
the I'nltod Status wn the ftfih Inst.
Gov. Saloreui has Issued the usual procla
mation lor an election on the 1st Monday of
June, to elect a Delegate in Congress.
New postoCBces have been established at
Loon creek, Lemhi eounty, and Clear Creek,
Nez Perce county, Idaho.
It is stated that Col. Flint, bite or tlie X. P.
IL IL, has gone to Pern to take charge of tlie
trans-continental railroad ooDStnicUou, under
a contract with Harry Meiggs.
ii'j - - .
The annual value of personal property In
Olvmpia for the year 1871, was i i8,7'JO. The
J taxes amount to m, of which sum there
. t. . I OU it. nn tlu fU iuiiimiI ll
la yet ILMV Ot on the deilnqueut list.
iTtah is said to have about three hundred
small towns and aettlementa drawing their
supplies from halt Lake Cily. The latter has
a i.i.ulattoD of 30,000 and it 18-oJalmed that
it will have 100,000 In five x-ears. '.
The suit of tieo. VT. Johnson ct. al, against
the Cascade Ba!lrd txaupanr, to recover
land over which Uie railroad runs at Hie
Cascades and $10tVU damage. Is among the
Important casea to be tried at Vancouver thi
The Pott Towasend Argus savs: "Busi
ness is kxaalng up. owing, no dmil. to the
line weather which betokens spring, along
looked tor season. - Our formers are busy:
our mtlts mnaingfall thne ; timber eompa-
iiiea conirmiuiiv-i ,i;i pi s s-w . wiu mil liwmw
being employed, trade of all kinds btjdns to
fonl- '"-, : '
wUh Jome most excellent irony, it foot up
the total annual circulation claimed to be
l nALaootMntes f Montana newsnanent. ami
ntes commenceu operauone: asa all clauses
i mlllf. tiwit this wonM irlv fsp b man. wo.
I "u avl chikl In Uie Territory, no iesa than
$3 00 per
DEMOCRATIC STATE COX-
nVKXETT JfOHIXATED FOR
Dirty Ben Cleaned Ont.
THE LI0X OF LI IN TAMED !
We net from tlie Portland Bulletin
and Oiegonian. the proceedings ot the
Democratic Mate iuyeniion, nciu at
the Dalles, April 10th.
Conveutton met at ,l A. M. Called to
order bv Ben. Hayden, Chairman of
the State Central Committee, who
made a "characteristic" speech.
James W. Nesinlth was elected tem
porary Clutirinan. He made a speech.
Mart. V. Brow n was elected tem
porary Secretary. He wanted to make
a spceeli, but was gagged by the Clialr
man. Ben. L. Xorden was chosen Assist
ant Secretary. I'rotiting by Mart.
Brown's exH-rience, he didn't try to
make a speech.
O. S. Savage was cliosen temiwrary
Serg't-at-arms. He didn't make a
Miller of Marlon. Gates of Wasco.
Frnhror Umatilla," fend "Morrison of
Clatsop, were appointed a Committee
Avery of Benton, Colby of Marion,
Carroll of Multnomah, Brown of Ba
ker, antl Thompson of Lane, were ap
pointed a Committee on Permanent
The Committee on Permanent Or
ganization and Order of Business re
i sorted !i follows : President James
V. Nesmith; Secretary, Mart. V.
Brown ; Assistant Secretary, Ben. L.
Xorden. Ordet of Business First,
appointment of Committee on Resolu
tions: second, nomination of C-on-
greswuian ; third, nomination of three
Presidential Electors ; fourth, selec
tion of four delegates to the Xatioual
Convention: fifth, appointment of
State Central Committee : sixth, selec
tion of tlie place of holding the next
State Convention; seventli. ratification
of the District nominations.
The report was adopted.
Xesmith made anotlier speech.
Committee on Resolutions, Ex-Gov
Curry and one from each county.
Convention recessed again.
EVENING SKsSIOX. -
Tlie ( ommittee ou platform reiiorted
the following, which was adopted:
ltmilml. . That- we, the Ivino-
cr.it ic party of the State of Oregon, are
pledged to a strict construction of tlie
Constitution, the restoration and pres
ervation of the rights of the States to
regulate their internal altairs. ana
pecially tin: elective franchise, tree
trout the control or interference of the
General Government ; tlie protection
of individual rights in accordance with
the fundamental lawsot the land, in
cluding the rights to the writ oflwlieas
corpus, trial by jury antl freedom from
unreasonable searches and seizures.
2. That we tire opposed to everv
species of corruption in all depart
ment of the Municipal, State and Xa
:i. That our motto is, no privileged
classes and no privileged capital.
4. That we are in favor ot a tariff
to raise, money only for the necessary
expenses ol tlie rederal (jovernment.
and not tor the Dcnent ot monopolists.
i 5. Tliat we view with alarm the fla-
' grant and oeu violations of the Con
1 stitiitioti by tlie party uow controlling
'the General (Jovern'menr, in tlie pas
j sage and enforcement of tin? Recon-
: structiou and ku mux laws, anu uie
' corruption and fraud which character-
' ies their administration of every de
! oartiiient of Government, antl we
pledge ourselves to use all lawful and
jieaccable means to .secure a speedy
I correction of these outrages and lisur-
j 0. That the freedom, welfare and
I rights ofthe jn-ople are .superior to Uie
' interests ol inoirporations, and suouli
1 U; protected against tlie exactions of
7. That wj favor the appropriation
of tlie fund arising from tlie sale ofthe
swamp lands to puriiase.s of interna
improvement and the aid of common
8. That tU; construction of locks at
tlie Falls of tlie Willamette is a judi
cious and effective safeguard of tho
commerce of the Willamette Valley,
and we lavor legislation to the end
that the commerce of tlie Columbia
river may lie hi like manner benefited
'.I. That the thanks of tlie jieople of
Oregon are due our present State ad
ministration for its Htieeesstul cttotts in
securing to the State the grants of land
which ollierwise would nave lalicii
into tlie hands of grasping corpora
fTlie.se resolutions are copied from
the Herald's rexrt.
For Congressman, on the first bal
lot Helm had 30; Hayden, 21 ; Bur
nett. 22 ; Slater, 3:J. Sixth ballot
Burnett. 71; Helm, 47.
For Presiilential Electors, L. F.
Lane. Geo. R. Helm aud X. II. Gates
Ielegate to National Convention
J. T. Glenn, E. F. Colby, Al. Zieber,
O. S. Savage, J. W. Virtue, A. Bush.
Dr. Chapman is Chairman of the
State Central Committee.
Tlie next Convention is to be held
Judge Prim is nominated.
For Prosecuting Attorneys W. B.
Iawellof the 5th District; Bellinger
ofthe 4th : .1. J. Shaw of the M ; V
W. Fitch ofthe 2d : J. R. Neil of the
The Convention adjourned.
A t'AXDIIIATE iETJXEJT.
Tlie Herald publislies tlie following
letter: . .
Canyon C'rrv, Grant Co., Ogn. I
March 29. 1S72. j
EDITOKOFTHE Olt:GON HlJLVLD-
Sir: I desire through your paper to
saw that the late Republican State
Convention nominated me for District
Attorney ot -the 5Ui Judicial District
without any authority from me. As 1
am not of their party, but am a Demo
crat, 1 must tlierefore decline to accept
a nomination at their hands.
. T. C. Hyde.
Tkade With Japan. The value of
our trade with Jaiwin mar be ascer
tained when it is stated that in 13b0
tlie trade carried on in American ves
sels amounted to only $10isoo ; in
ISGfi the commerce In American ves
sels hid Increased to X84,122, while
the total commerce of tlie islands In
foreign vessels was $2,31.3,1311. In
lt9 the cinmerce In American ves
sels amounted to o.niMo, and Uie
total trade to $7,201,378. In thU ynar
tlie total tonnage ol tlie Lnited Suite
enteretl at the five Open ports of Japan
was 509.09H, which was nearly one-
halt or the toreign tonnage at these
Tlie OregtMimn says : "Somebody is
writing up in the Y ort ayne Indiana
iscntincl a series ot sketches til oi
times at Uiat place. Among the names
nfV-ntioned iu cotiiMHrtiou with tlie ear
ly hLstorv of the place Is that of John
Whiteaker, "a gentleman of flddtelstic
talent, who in after yean turned up on
tlie Pacific coast and became Govern
or of Oregon. , . (
A Sad Mistake. Forty years ago
a blooming young girl of sixteen mar
ried an old man of sixty lornis money.
expecting Uiat he would soon die and
leave tier a weaiiny youna , wiuow.
Ijitelv the ladv died at tlie respectable
age- of fifty-six, leaving a husband
aged one huml red, and four cliildren
to mourn tier ioj. iuxcnaiig'. ,
Annum in Advance
: From our own Correspondent.)
' Washington, March 2.1, 72.
ELOQTTCNT DEBATE OX PACIFIC MAIL
T.Vh Statesman : Tlie debate In tlie
House during the past week over Uie
amendment to the Post Oflice appro
priation bill offered by Mr. Conger, of
Michigan, and reconsidered by the
Committee on Commerce ' providing
for u semi-monthly mail I mm Califor
nia to Japan and China, and asking
tor an additional dW,000 for carrying
tlie mail, ha stirred up the fountains
of eloquence giving as examples of
oratory worthy of tlie palmy iLiys of
the Republic, and has opened up the
whole subject or tne revival or Ameri
This measure was suoDOrted by the
leading members on tlie Republican
side of Uie House, and notably by Mr.
Brooks, of X ew ork, on tlie Demo
cratic side. . Mr. Brooks unmindful of
party ties, rose above Uie din ot parti
san strue, and made an eloquent ap
peal for aid in reviving and placing
our commerce once more upon a foot
ing commensurate with our importance
among Uie nations of the cart I u. He
thrilled Uie hearts of all who listened
to him with his words of eloquence and
was was cheered by both the galleries
and the floor when he had finished.
Mr. Garfield, ot Ohio, who carefully
.sxrvttiujzes,iiiid. sometimes we tiuuk
Is uni'iees-arily cautions iu regard to
L'ucle Sam's money box, maile one of
his able and effective efforts in behttlf
of this appropriation. Oue extract
from his speech which I venture to
make, will show now wen ne appre
ciates the value of securing the Com
merce of the l'acinc ocean. " 1 ven
ture," said he. " to predict that in Uie
near future Uie other great theatre or
commercial activity, the third and last
iu the history of this world s work,
will be the Tacitic ocean ; ami jut
noy the whole curreut of public and
national activity is turned toward tliat
great sea. and the momentous question
is, who shall he its master?
Our liope Is in the great historic sea
of tlie future. If we lose tliat it will
be a lasting disgrace to our statesman
ship and a measureless calamity to our
At Uiis critical and interesting moment
we are iu tlanger ot losing our grasp
upon the commerce of Uiat great ocean.
The other great inaratinc powers are
ready to snatch the prize from our
liatuis unless wc at once secure it."
Ably as the measure was suported
the old party cry of opposition to land
grants, subsidies and protective tarifl
was raised and tlie changes rung upon
it with DemocraUc vcliemence. In
ternal improvements, aid to commerce
or support to railroads is denounced
by that jiarty as stealing tlie people's
money to a'grandize monopolies and
corHirations. lu vain yon point them
to the iron binds which join the com
merce of two oceans and has carriisl
on its tracks civilization, art and n-i-ence
into an unpeopled wilderuessi and
given to the nation a source of wealth
and reveuue therefrom. All this has
been done in spite ol Uiat party who
prates of reform, corruption, hind
grant gratis and subsidies. This howl
has defeated for Uie time aitl to the
Pacific Mail Steamship line, and de
ferred for a season the increase of tliat
service ; but such action on its jiart
cannot fail to warn the people and bid
them beware of a party who seeks to
gaiti control ot the Government ami
claims to do so for the purposes of re
form and political regeneration. The
name of Mr. Slater, of Oregon, is
among tlie names recorded against
PLAN FOB THE REVIVAL OF COM-
' Appropos of this gubje-ct Is tlie Mil
reported by tlie Senate sub-Committee
of Comuierce composed of Senators
Corbett, Kellogg and Vlckers which
provides. 1st Iietiate or drawback equal
to tlie duty on all material used in the
construction of American ships. 2d.
Use. of ships stores free of duty taken ;
from bonded warehouses for foreign
voyages. 3d. lie-registration, appli
cation to lie made within two years, of
all American vessels sailing under for
eign flags. 4th. Tlie registration ot
foreign built iron ships of two thous
and Urns and upwards, pureliased ami
owned by American citizens. This
plan meets with tlie recommendation
and endorsement of every Board of
Trade and Clwmlier of Commerce in
he country, and if adopted cannot
fail to give an imiietus to our much
neglected shipping interest.
A COMiniEIIENSIVE SCHEME.
A reixirt ol Secretary Roliesou upon
this suhiect shows how well and ably
it has been ciiivaod by him. He
proposes to establish several mail
routes by which it is iHilieved lie may
secure tiu? largest jiortion ot the im
mense commerce embraced In the re
gions to lie regularly visited by our
proiosed roan steamers.
According to Secretary Rolieson's
rejiort which is amply forUfied by sta
tistics, tlie first five lilies he proposes
will embacc civilized countries, the ag
gregate commerce ot which is $ 02.-
4ii4.!Sio; tne next two iuhw . uiose
which aggregate f 381,952.341 ; six
otlier line aggregate commerce of 4,
461.08G.3s4 ; two other line com
merce amounting to f 5.VJ,il9.1o3 ;
the next two. commerce of $77-3,522,-2'.3
; total $7.079,20.",213.
ThU Is nearly 7 per cent or the en
tire commerce ot the giohe. and to
reach for us Uie fair share of the prize
thus offered, the Secretary of Uie Navy
proposes tlie following lines :
CENTRAL AND SOMTH AMERICAN
1 . That for the Mexican gulf to em
brace the enUre circuit to and from
Havana to Aspinwall and Matamoras
calling at all Intermediate ports. 2.
I'he Carrlbean line taking In all avail
able ports and islands of Uiat sea.
This is to be semi-monthly startuig
from some free port, probably Samana
making uie enure circuit r,aiwaru
antl Southward to Trinidad thence
along tlie coast toAsplnwall wliere it
will connect witn une ao. i nu iu
with otlier lilies traversing the West
coast ot South America, from thence
vessels of this line will proceed to Sa
mana connecting with lines from At
lantic cities. 3. The East coast South
Atlantic line, Isdesigned to embrace all
the nrlncinal ports oftiie Guianas, Bra
zil and the Argentine Republic and
Uruguay, ll u proposea war, lorine
proent "the line sliall start from and re
turn to whatever port in Uie West In
dies may be selected for the central
Changing Uie order in which Uie
Seccetary's report plains Uiese lines, I
group together tlie remaining: Atlantic
routes be has mapped out- Xo. 1. To
ami from Xew 1 ork to Qtieenstown
and Liverjiool - Xo. i. To and from
Portland or IkKou to Oalway ainl
Glasifow. No. 3. From Xew York
to ami from South Hampton. No. 4.
To and fhim Xew York to South
Hampton, VIUsWgen and Antwerp.
And Xo. S an exteusia of Hits Ham
bnrg lltw by mcrk;tu steamers to
parts lu Iiptinjsrk. Swleti ntwl Russia
uraler the nam if Islciigarack and BM
ti lino. No.-7uieViKwiiastholA-hon,
Cadta ami iilraltar lute. TbW it
is projiosed sh-'tll start from some point
on U- waters of tlie Cliesajwake, prol
ahly XorfolW. l-n it nuM b hi
connection with Snutl.-m nilnd..
ANCIENT WATF.K OCTTtntD.
(Jibniltar lming tlie terminal point in
Eurojic, and a free city, U to be the
starting point of tlie nropiiwt Amrrl
cui connecting lines lu tiie Mi-ditemi-neaii.
No. 1 I to he known as the
X'orth Coast Mediterranean line, and
will make a com pit -to circuit of that
wonderful sea, touching at tlie porta of
Malays, Barcelona. Aiarselllrs, Jum
na, .Leghorn, Xaple. Mealim, and
Cona, enlce, Triste Spoiatro. Ragus.
Certti. Gallipole, aud Camdla, In Uie
Mand of Crete. No. 1. Sotrth Coast
Mediterranean line runuit to AlmVrs.
and Un'iiee with hitcnoediatr ports of
C. P. CRANDALL, Proprietor.
Tttk Weekly Ohfaion ktatehmam la
published every Wednesdav morning.
i-ORlslllnsiiiiiui; m i iw wirKramic.
ilisnxebes anvVall the current State awl Lo
cal news, editorials, correspondence, miscel
lany, poetry, etc, irom iiik iaii.i statis
MAN. A First-class Weekly, Newspaper.
Term. 13J0 per vear In advance. 03. M
for six months In advance.
Advertisements at uoerai twict.
call to Alexandria, Where It wBl con
nect with tlie proptisea line to innia.
From Alexandria the smn coasi une
returns-bv , way of Sinyri.a and ton
stantinople to Gibraltar. The last line
In this great Atlantic system connects
,,-iri. tiia Him last lLinied at Alexao-
drla, or past said passes down Uie Red
Sea, througn tne rersian tiuii iu uw
West mrner of British India, thenc to
Ceylon, and by way of Calcutta, to
Singaporei wliere It will connect with
the lines whose terminus is onthe Pa
Tlie comprehensive schemes of the
Secretary embrace four ereat lines fur
the development oi commerce on wo
I Pacific. No. 1 will be kiiown as the
Wwt Coast SMithJ'scific, commencing
at Panama and connecting with port
of Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Chili,
and at the Isthmus, by means of the
railroad, with the routes already
named, in tlie Carribean sea and tne
Mexican smlf. No. 2. tlie Wet
Coast X'orth Pacific line will run from
Panama to and from ban Francisco,
visiting intermediate txirts. No. 3.
tlie Ja(iau and China line, which may
lie run by the present company to Uie
termination of their contract, or by
tlie general system, its schedule of ruo
niug to accord with the next line
proposed, which Is No. 4. known as the
Pacific Island line. This will start
from San Francisco, touching at the
.Sandwich Islands, aud thenwto A act- -land
aud Mcibourne, Uience to Papua
Islands : tlience to Amboytio, Macas-
sa. Saralya. Batavta and iiiiiirtpore.
connecting thence with the Red Seat
i and .bast India line, anu proceeding
thence to Sargon, Manilla and Canton:
A glance at the , map will establish
the immense importance of this pro-
nositioii. embracing as it does Uie trade
of at least (leaving out China; 200,000,
000 persoiis litUe Known to us, aud sel
dom visited by any other Western na
tion except tlie British." l fie trade or
Uie Dutch and Spanish who once had
control, has dwindled to comparative
small proportions. It will easily he
seen how these great arterial routes
can be fed and enlarged by connecting
lines of small American steiimers run
ning between the several iskinds ami
carrying our flag, aud developing not
only commerce, but a knowledge or
civilization, which w not aggressive,
brrt proclaiming good will, peace,
equality and equity to all men.
Hitlierto the knowledge tne people
of these numberless islands have had
of Western civilization has not been of
a flattering character tor conqneH.
Contempt and fraud havo been tl
chief features ot all intercourse wiiu
them on the part of European iiatious.
We shall bring a new orrier or uniigs
into being and thereby commercially
find our profit in an extending trade
antl in increasing good-will.
LET VS HATE PEACX."
LETTER FROM COL. .'. W. FORNEY.
Col. Forney, of tin Philadelphia
Press, has shown his patriotism and his
attachment to the Republican party by
calling on distingv.lslied Republican
Senators to cease their opposition and
be at peace. Col. Forney say :
State after State i declaring for the
reoominatioii of President Grant :
Maine aud ( Hiio lmve jnt spoken unan
imously. 1 lie earnest discussion of ins
character and his policy seem more
fully to vindicate tlie one and strength
en the other. The last attempt in the
Senate to involve tlu- Sccr-tary of War
in tlie sale of the t rencn arms Is so
transparent a failure that it can only -
re-act in mvorot timtacoonipiisueuoi
ficer, and add a new element of power
to Uie resistless movement iu favor of
the chief. It would be a happy ter
mination of an unhappy demonstration
if the eminent Republican Senator
who started it would frankly admit the
mistake they have made, and to open
the door for Uiat reconciliation which
only requires to be commenced to se
cure complete harmony and assure vic
tory. There is no virtue mora beneflt-
tinff an exalted leader tlian magnanim-
ty, and he wlio is first to sliow It will
be longest remembered. Twenty-six
years ago Senator Benton of Missouri
rose In Ids place and moved Uie indef
inite postponement ol one oi ins favor
ite measures. Mr. Clay taunted him
with killing his own offspring. "1 es.
sir," said Benton, "I have killed it : I
liave killed it tlead, sir dead as a door
nail. I am always ready to sacrifice
mvself for my country." President
Grant showed Uie same spirit when lie
gave up Santo Domingo, buroner
sliows it when lie resolutely jierils his
chance for national honors by advo
cating the cause of the persecuted freed-
nian. Tlie people are weary or the
personalities between their leaders, and
deserve and demand some sacrifice of
punct ilio and individual resentment tor
1k! sake of Uie common cause. ho
will be the first to set the good exam
ple? NOMETHim FOR HOl'SEWIVEK.
Vrn Moore's Rural New-Yorker.l
Feather Cake. Simple and good :
One cup white sugar, one spoonftil
butter, one egg. two even cups sifted
flour, two-thirds cup sour milk or
cream, halt teaspoon soda. One tea
spoon cream tartar may be used in
stead or sour miiK. r lavor to taste.
Corn Bread. Take four cups sour
milk, one of these partly filled with
cream ; one egg, a nttie salt, two even
teaspoonfuls pulverized soda ; mix Uie
soda with a very little corn meal, aud
stir altogether, till It loams ; tnen add
com meal till a thin batter is obtained,
and pour Into hot tins, oiled, an inch
deep, and bake In a quick oven.
Graliam Gems Take . lialf pint
sweet milk, lialf pint cold water ; stir
into It enough sifted tiraliarn Hour to
form a Ixitter raUier thick for irriddle
cakes ; stir well, and bake Immediately.
Drop Into Hot. oiled ginn-pans. ana
hake twenty minutes in a raUier hot
oven, diminishing heat toward Uie last.
If preferred, uiey may oe mane au or
milk or cold water, or line flour, in
stead of Graham, or half of each.
Rice Pudding. Take one teacup
full of soft, boiled rice, one tiblespooo
ful of butter, mixed in the rice while
hot : add one quart ot sweet milk, oue
teacup of sugar, the yolks of five eggs,
season witn lemon ; oaice nniu aone.
Beat the whiles of toe five eggs to a
stiff froth, and stir ta It five heaping
tablespoonfuU of powdered sugar ;
spread over the costard ; return to tho
oven, and bake a delicate brown.
Soda Biscuit Into a pan contaln-
hnr five quarts sifted flour, put two
even teaspoonfuls pulverized soda and
a little salt lisvuig a hole -in Uie cen
ter ot Uie Hour aireuuy prepared , pour
into tlie flour four cups of sour milk
all the better It partly cream stir the
milk and soda a minute, till It foams :
then mix wiUi flour into a stiff dough.
if snrlmr wheat : work but IlUie,. and
get it into tlie oven as quickly as pos
sible, some of my nicest pmchim
have been made and baked in twenty
minutes. - ' '
CArES of Death. Methuselah
died of liver complaint. Lot's wife of
salt rheum. Absalom tell, a victim to
hairy-sipelas. Goliahdicdof tliestone.
Haitian of tlie urop-sy. -NelKieli.nl-
ncioar or ton mucji vege:anie iitet.
h-aving Mrs. N. a grass widow; : John
Bniiyaii, troubled hy. corns. tooK NW
pill grimly and progressed. Desle
uioti.i als took a pillow. SampMHi
ait al-0 killed by a pillar. Montgol-
rier .was (s) pilled out of a rjalloon.
Jnliu3 Cirar was (s) killed In. war.
John Rodger died of an overdone
teak. Romeo died ot heart disease. -Governor
Hoffman dyed his mustuche.
Mr. Bout well. Socrefary' of the
Trwisnry, Is a man of medium size, of
wiry frame, srlf-posesed, and ten
lierate in all tilings. lie takes good
care of hlmseir especially depending
hi billiards for exercise. Fur tlut
gsme 1m has a pas-ion. and amid the
Hick of ivory balls he ease his mind of
tlie i-irts of Nate.