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About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1904)
"Ron Historical Soeja
ROSEBURG, DOUGLAS COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 2G, 1904.
MADPl A 1VI FOR FINE CONFECTIONERY
LNUKi lrw and ICE CREAM PARLORS
Fruits, Candies, Cakes, Pies,
Doughnuts and fresh Bread Daily
Portland Journal Agency. Hendrick's Block, Opp. Depot
I. J. NO KHAN & Co. Prop.
FARMERS' CASH STORE,
E. A. WOOD & CO, Props
Staple ane Fancy Groceries. Highest Price paid
for country produce. Fresh bread daily Your
Patronage is respectfully solicited.
Private Free Delivery to All Parts of the City
OPP PASSENGER DAP0T...
Inoculating the Ground.
2 CAR LOADS
Mitchell Farm Wagons
Surreys, Buggies, Hacks
Champion Binders, Mowers,
Reapers, Hay Rakes, Etc.
We can save 'Oti money 1 n an thing in the Wagon or
Implement line. Give us a chance to figure with
you and you won't i egret it.
J. R Barker & Co.,
Grocers, - Phone 201
Hints to Housewives.
Half the battle in good cooking is to have good
And to-get them promptly when you order them.
Phone No. 181 for good goods and good service
PARKS & CO.
HAVE YOU YIS1TED
I New Store
To inoculate sterile ground and make
it bring forth fruit in abundance is ono
of the latest achievements of American
science. Some of man's most dread
diseases smallpox, diphtheria, plague,
rabies have been vanquished by inocu
lation, and now inoculation is to cure
soil that has been worn out and make it
fertile and productive again.
The germs that bring fertility are
mailed by the Department of Agricul
ture in a small package like' a yeast
cake. The cake contains millions of
dried germs. The farmer who receives
the cake drops it into a barrel of clean
water; the germs are revived and soon
turn the water to a milky white. Seeds
of clover peas, alfalfa or other legumin
ous plants that are then soaked in this
milky preparation are endowed with
marvelous strength. Land on which,
for instance, the farmer with constant
toil had obtained alfalfa only a few
inches high when planted with these
inoculated seeds will produce alfalfa
several feet high and so rich that the
farmer does not recognize his crop.
It has been long known that repeated
crops of wheat add other grain gradual
ly exhaust tho nitrogen in the soil.
Xow, as all plants must have nitrogen,
which in normal condition they absorb
through their roots, this constant drain
of nitrogen from the eoil has so alarmed
some persons that they have predicted
a "nitrogen famine" to occur in forty or
fifty years, and they have very' graphical
ly portrayed the possibilities of such a
catastrophe. This view of the Mtuation
is greatly exaggerated, but the fact re
mains, nevertheless, that the main
reason of once fertile lands becoming
unproductive is loss of nitrogen in the
The difficulty has been to get the
nitrogen back into the ground. Ferti
lizers are expensive and not satisfactory;
but there is an inexhaustable supply of
free nitrogen in the air if it could be
captured. The problem of how to uti-
ize this free nitrogen has now been
It was discovered some time ago that
leguminous plants clover, a falfa, pes,
etc., were able to put back nitrogen in
to the soil and thus fertilize it . This is
the reason why t. wheat field after a
crop of alfalfa will yield a much heavier
harvest. The plants absorb the free
nitrogen by means of bacteria tubercles
growing on their roots, the tubercles
varying in size from a pinhead, in the
case of clover, to large clusters. Clover
and beans possessing these tubercles will
flourish in quartz sand after it ha? been
heated to a red heat in order to drive
out all nitroiren, while those plants
without tubercles will not grow unless
there is some nitrate in the soil It wa
thus teen that if plants could be artifi
cially presented with bacteria tubercles
the plants would flourish in the poorest
and tliiuneit soil.
The nitrogen fixing bacteria in the
tubercles Was separated several years
ago in Germany, but it remained for an
American, Dr. George T. Moore, of the
office of patholgical and phvsiological
investigations of the Department of
Agriculture, to devise a method by
which these bacteria might be cultivated
artificially in euch form that their nitro
gen fixing power should be increased
and be permanent, and not evaporate
Great quantities of these germs are now
being cultivated by the department
Enough germs are sent in each little
package to inoculate seeds for one or
four acres. Each cake costs the govern'
ment about two cents to manufacture,
less than a cent an acre. Dr. Mooro'a
process has been patented by him, and
has been bv him eenerouslv deeded to
Call tip I the American people. It must be clear
ly understood, however, that only seeds
of leguminous plants peas, alfalfa
beans, etc., can be benefited by the
nitrogen fixing bacteria. Wharo the
eoiI is rich and fertile, the crop is not
appreciably increased by the use of
inoculating bacteria, but where tho soil
is poor the harrest is increased many
JAPANESE FIRE BROADSIDES AT
PORT ARTHUR FORTS FOR
A Fine Line of
Prompt & Neat Repairing
Working for Good Roads.
A LARGE UH OF
AtMarsten-' Drug Store
A CAR LOAD OF
U L PH U
Of Superior Quality
Washington, May 25. The Secretary of jState
has received the following cablegram from Ambassa
dor McCormick, at St. Petersburg: "I am informed
by the Foreign Office that foreign correspondents will
not be admitted to the fiont, by order of the General
commanding. The' ma' remain at Mukden or Niu
Chefoo, May 25 10 p. m. A portion of the Jap
anese fleet bombarded Port Arthur at 11 o'clock yester
day morning. The attack was witnessed by a French
man who left Dalny ou the night of the 2'2d, arriving
here tonight. He says that eight large warships cir
cled before the entrance of Port Arthur harbor for one
hour, firing broadsides at iutervals in ten minutes.
Up to the time the Frenchman left Dalny every
thing was quiet there, but an attack on the pirt of the
Japanese was expected hourl. The military and civil
officials of Dalny were ready to leave. Only a few
civilians remain there.
The attempt about a fortnight ago to destroy the
docks and piers at Dalny was not successful, and after
the receipt of the news of the loss of the Japanese bat
tleship Hatsuse, Lieutenant-General Stoessel, com
mander of the military forces at Port Arthur, ordered
that the docks and piers be not destroyed.
The Japanese are in force at Pitsewoaud Kin Chau
and are ready to march down either side of the penin
sula toward Port Arthur.
Tee steamer Chefoo (German) was fired on by a
Japanese cruiser in Pechilli Gulf today. She misun
derstood the signals of the cruiser. The Swedish
steamer Karin also was fired on off Liao Tie Shan
Promontory, but it is not known whence the fire came.
HEAVY FIRING HEARD.
fi r? 9
Your Ranches aai Timber
Lands with me. : : :
R. R. JOHNSON,
I HAVE EASTERN CUSTOMERS
AND CAN SELL
OFFICE IN MARK BLOCK,
So rapid has been the settlement of
tiita country and fertile its eoil that the
pioneer generations have managed to set
along with primitive roads to a treat ex
tent. They are aware that dirt roads
are extremely costly in labor, wear and
tear, and waste of time. But the fields
turned out big crops and the heavy tax
of poor roads could be afforded. Even
roads impassable at certain seasons have
been tolerated. But the time iB passing
Hway when communities are willing to
be hampered and isolated in this man
ner. Aniile from their prartienl advan
tages, uood romle par bv enhancing the
value of property. EtittTri-iiik: farmers
want the Jient thnt itiuntry lif- can .if
ford th-ir lamilies. New varieties of lo
comotion and if vehicle have inmH in.
They are not ailapied to bad roids.
Rural free delivery is spreading, and one
of its' conditions is a' road ttiutcanlie
conveniently traversed all the year
One of the reaons wliv good roads
have made plow progress iB that their 1
construction is not generally understood.
County methods of working the roads
are never thorough, and are often but a
pretense. The nret cost of a good road j
is considerable, and skillful management!
i required .to keep it up, but such high-'
way- are highly profitable. " hey are, i
in fact, the only kind that, pay The
good roads movement is doini! an im
portant educational work It teaches
thoroughness and makes the public
familiar with true scientific methods. It
points out the road to legislative co
operation and proceeds always on a true
economic baeis. It spreads accurate in
formation and makes clear the best ex
ample?. The national and international
good roa-Is convention which met in Rt.
Louis last week engaged in labors of tho
Ghefoo, Ma' 25 (2 P. M.) Chinese junks arriv
ing from Takushan, a port lying southwest of Antung,
report the landing of 6000 Japanese troops at Taku
shan on the 21st inst. Another junk from Pitsewo re.
ports the Japanese landing a small number of troops
there every day and building temporary barracks on
Elliott Island, where a hundred ships, including men-of-war
and transports, have made a rendezvous.
Only small skirmishes are reported along the
western shore of the Liao Tung Peninsula up to the
Heavy fifing was heard in the direction of Port
Arthur yesterday, indicating that a laud attack had
commenced, as the Japanese fleet is notjto be seen off
Dalney refugees say that General Stoessel has ta
ken all the cash, from the Poit Arthur and Dalney
banks, so tbat the depositors are unablejto cash checks.
KUROPATKIN ABOUT TO MOVE.
St. Petersburg, May 25 (2:25 P. M.) There are
indications that General Kuropatkin is preparing to
make a very important m ve ag insr the enemy. One
of the reasons f r this lulief is the sudden iucteased
restrictions- uion the w.tr co rvspon en s at the front.
The pr vailinc b lief nere is th t e eial Kur ki'
:rn. a is in d fficulti' s.
Can Death Be Proved?
. The Dalles, Or., May 25. ppir ntly the d -fene
"in. the .Norman Wil.iams case will try 10 c 11
vince the jury that the prosecution has failed to show
positively that the Nesbitt women have been murdered
or even that they are dead. This line ot defense was
indicated by- Atty. Henry E. McGinn in his op ning
statement this morning. I he via uce tor tUe pro.se-cution-wi-H
bo largely circumstantial, according to the
utline. presented by Prosecuting Attorney W lson
On the witness stand today George Nesbitt told
of finding ha'iy resembling that of his mother aud sister
buried back of their cabin, to . ether with other evi
dence that they had been murdered by Williams.
Land for Nothing.
Probably tho Inst great land gift of the
United States Government to settlers
will be made under the operation of the
Kinkaid bill which passed Congress at
its last session and will become operative
on June 2(5 next. A tract of land
amounting to 8,844,757 acres in Nebras
ka will be absolutely given away to set
tlers in lots of 640 acres or one square
mile, each. Thus nearly 14,000 home
steads will 1x3 established. The lands
affected by the Kinkaid bill have been
open for homesteading in lots of 100
acres each, for many years, but, not be
ing suitable for agricultural purposes,
and 120 acres not being large enough on
which to raise cattle, the lands have
never been taken up by homesteaders.
Great tracts of this land have been
fenced by the cattle barons of Nebraska
and it was to have these illegally con
structed fences removed that the gov
ernment last year sent Colonel Mosby,
the former Confederate cavalry leader,
into the State to enforce the law regard
ing these fences. It is said that one
ranch with headquarters at Ellsworth.
Neb., had under such fencing nearly 2,-
000,000 acres of government land. There
were dozens of other great ranches
which alio included hundreds of thou
sands of government land within their
illegally built fences. But the Kinkaid
bill sounds the death knell of the cattle
barons whose herds of thousands roam
ed over the ranees, more effectually
than any fence removal order which the
President might promulgate. With
settlers from all parts of the United
Slates flocking in and taking homesteads
of G40 acres each, the public domain in
that State is a thing of onlv a few
months more, and then, without the
necessary lands upon which to grare
their herds, the cattle barons must ca
out of business. It is onlv the poor man
who can homestead thi land that is,
any man owning more th n 160 acres of
any kind of laud a ywl.ere is barred
from participating in the Nebraska land
ditntiution .Vcorling to the nrvi-
-ions of the law any person who is rt
ttie head of x family and who is a riti-z-n
of the United State may take up a
homestead, provided he is not alre&dt
the owner of more than 160 acres of
land. Single women who wish to take a
homestead must be of age. Any young
man more than twe-ity-one yers mar
be a "homesteader." The law requires
each person in make oath that he hs
personally examined the land for which
Lately with tha governnuntWaphical and geologiealjaarveyfof Brazil
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor
Office over PMtoffice. ROSHBTjfG, OHGOfi. Correspondence aolidtad
MAKE YOUR BREAD WITH
Pride of Douglas Flour.
$1.10 Per Sack, For Sale By Any Grocer ii Towi.
Cheap enough for such rattling good Flour
Yes and a sack of it makes three to five loaves
more of bread than any other flour you can
buy. Why, because it is made from the very
best selected wheat.
DOUGLAS COUNTY FLOUR MILLS.
Roseburg - Oregon.
Is Your Roof SicK? rm
curing roots. v
Suppose yon write ufloV particulars abont ELATEKATE ROOFING. It
will go on over tin. corrugated iron, shakes, shingles or any other roofing material
It makes the best roof yoa ever saw. It never wears out.
TliJK KLAT hZ RITE ROOFING CO..
Woro.tr Entitling. .POKXIA2.D
The Republican Platform.
The rlatform which wdl le adopted i
by the Republican National Convention '
at Chicago has been completed and !
: many of its portions have Leeu t-emi-
otliciaUy made public. Senator Lod.-e j
ol asachuette lias prepiml 'his, a-
he is slated for the chairmanship of the
committee on resolutions. As he also
prepared the Massachusetts platform it
may be said that he has "tried it on the
dog" in his own state before proposing
it for national acceptance. The usual
endorsement of the administration, of
recommendations for a wise foreign pol
icy will naturally be a part and inciden
tally the President will be praised for
his successful enforcement of the Sher
man anti-trust law. The most impor
tant section will be that regarding the
tariff whii-h reflects a recognition of the
demand for the revision but raises the
old cry of "let us do it," who have oly
revised to increase. This "plank" will
read substantially a follows:
Protection, which guards and devel
ops our industries, is a cardinal princi
ple of the Republican party. N e insist
upon the maintenance of this principle,
but we recognize that particular tariff
schedules are neither sacred nor immu
table. Rates of dutv mav be altered
when changed conditions demand their
alteration, but no revision should be un
dertaken unless it is clear that the ben
efit will more than compensate for the
disturbance of business which inevita
ble attend a revi-ion of tho tariff sched
ules. Nor can such revision be intrust'
ed with safety to any other thin the
party of protection. To intrust it to the
Democratic party is again to invite th
Democratic disaster nd panic of 1S93.
Every day brings something now in Spring-.Goods.
VIOLE the latest thing in dress goods for suits
Skirts and Waists.
Also the "Cotton Crepe" we are the- only ones in
S the city who have imported this goods direct from
Japan. It comes in all colors and will sell for 20cts
WOUENBERG BROS., Phonr 801.
4.' " A
Pratical WatchmaKer, Jeweler, Optician-
Watches, ClocKs, Jewelry
Diamonds and Silverware
; F. W.BEXSOK,
J Established I8S3.
I Capital Stock, $50,000.00
Douglas County Bank,
BOARD OP DIRECTORS
F.W.BKSR05.R.A.B00TU J. H. BOOTH. J. T. BRIDGES
JOS.LYON3, A.C.MARSTKKS E. I MTTl.KR
A general banking business transacted, and customers - Kiren. . eTery
accommodation consistent with safe and conservative banking.
4 Bank open from nine to twelve and from one to three.
Brown'.- In Town."
"Brown's in Town" is said to one
if the cleanest, brightest and funniest
entertainments seen in a long time
The fane is of just the build and tex
ture that makes multitudes of laugh
and people w.mld more readily be
laughed out of their money than they
would be willing to have it euti ed away
by a frown or then up for a too riou;
drama Thi f.irciat ffu-iiu rome t
the opera hoii-e T'lU'-day, vay 2ti
UrtiuhVin I W11 t :i out a viiiing
u id i.o .t'e tivi . HI 'll. in tr 1111
- a- u - ! , n 1 i'i-r
11 .iiiiii il iwi tie.ir hi ii
1 In 1 . 11'- l .- ever ne hey
.iiiv, tin I lli I. II"- i. - -linir, it
r irieti'l. . v.-ylr 'y wi-t lion d
.-.ilium .in. 1111.1 iuI i.d ! iiuket
lltii.xx ni'eie 111 c O i-. nr-i-11 ' k s
te !ifna i li-iu; -ir .u -e thin 8
iiml el-- h mile - klH it.
ille pili ur nf lie wile l- pn t Miim: tn lie
Iter litis hi il mimI Mie ii i.blinil o imin
tHin the fiipjHi.-d relationship The
whole thing aout the pluy it "go
W hen "Br wn'" yia to running nothing
can top him but "'time to to home."
IMivs, lower floor, 5 and 75 gallery.
Al mill 3 .
Sclatc khcurmti m LU'ed
I have been -uj- ot n -im- rlieil-nniti-m
for e.rr," n vk K. I. aldr m
I ot Wilton .luni'tion. biwa ' My j"ins
were stiff and wave me much pain and
discomfort. My joints would crack
when I atr lightened up. I used Oham
berlain's Pain Balm and have been
thoroughly cured. Have not had a pain
ur ach- from the old trouble for many
m nth. It if cortainlv u most wond ir-
fnl liniment " For -ale by A. O. Maia
. ' polishes at One Operation
, . . ' V :n:hh Litsire of Furniture
nr c: k :.w how good the old faraitarc can
. iook util yoa use The Sherwin-Williams
v'.ans and polishes at the same time, bringing
X the original varnish lustre of the article.
No trouble to use anyone can apply it.
No better polish made for pianos. Doesa't rust tha
strings. Try a can. Oct It fro hi us.
CHURCRILL & WOOL-LEY
Mouut Neo Dairy
W. S. WRIGHT & SON, Prop
solicits the pSlTonage of the citizens pf "Roseburg.
A specialt made of puie milk fresh from the
cows every morning and evening.
Please leave orders at M.DeVaney's Restaurant
or drop a postal card in the post-office.
All orders promptly attended to. 38-im