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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1881)
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PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1881.
VOLUME X. NO. S3
PER YEAR $3 00.
U T r -1 AN K-H rl 1 III Y lun
TUB FIELD EDITOR TISIT8 CASCADE LOCKS AMD
HOOD RIVER VALLEY, AND DESCANTS KPON '
, SCENERY, LOCKS AND BRIDGES.
- Steamer Mountain Queen, April 22, 1881. .
w Dkab Rkadeu or tub Wnr Nobthweht f,r :
The ride from The Dalle to Upper Cascade wii
bewltchlngly pleasant. The air was a universal
tonic and the sunlight an ever-abiding balm.
IT gteamboat men are always abroad at an early
'"TT!r'7JlourJn Pngrs are expected to be iipbe
' tlmei for breakfast; but the broad dajllght was
already astir Upon the waters when we were called,
jV and the dallng sunshine was casting black shad
ows In the deep fissures of the towering, tree-clad
bluffs, through whose wide channel the great Co-
. Jumbla bore us on, and we were glad to be awake.
' The Journey to Upper Cascades was over by 9 A.
lZ -t' X. At this point, we boarded the little Govern
mont launch, whlchTunder the command of Cap
tain Alcott, plies between the locks and the port
'"' ' age, In nearproxlmltjrto-ths Cascade Falls, and
under the lee of the old block-house where Phil
' j Sheridan lived before he became famous. In a
. few mlnutea we Were on the Oregon side, moored
- to s square pontoon, and this to a long and nar
. row -dock with a narrow railway track through
the middle.' Here we were met by a boy, who
kindly assisted us to the residence of Mr. and Mrs.
McKay, In' whose cheery presence we were at once
,st home. ' : r . f. , ' ; -, ""C:" .
The town of Cascade Locks Is a long, narrow
stretch of scattered stores and dwellings, mostly
v new, and of the rudest structure, flsnked here and
there by scores of white tents, with occasionally a
. stable or rows" of covered wagons to relieve ihe
monotony. The place Is the center o( a thriving
trade. The Government works at the locks first
gave It . Impetus, and now the ralroad spirit Is
abroad In the land, thereby doubling the previous
7?:zirrj activity. , There are several - flourishing stores,
: : thai of Mrr IcKay being the centrariutTIargest
: -' one. The commodities most in demand are canned
V . fruits, regetables, sugar, eggs, flour, rice, butter,
bacon, boot, overalls, pocket, knives, shovelsvto
bacco, frying-pans pick-axes, coffee-pots 'and
-whisky. , There Is plenty of buttiness for two good
stores, but trade Is somewhat ovenlofie among, so
1 .' .. . many. -Yet this Is no more true of Cascade Ixodes
- y-r- than of any other, town, and no one has a right to
; complain. Women succeed well as .merchauts
here. Mrs. J. P. Watmm and Mrs. Fanny Cam-
- eron are adepts In the business and there Is no
better7 salesman than Mrs. McKay. Roarding-
- houses are kept by Mrs. MastersonMrs. NelMon,
nd Mesdames Travers A Jutln; and a school,
.' taught' by Mrs. A. L.-Parker, has Just, closed for
- tthe Summem '. . : . 7
! We hope no one will Imagine that the men of
CawleIksaiidlev Thelr-wl ves- are- help
. - mates only, as all good women should be. .Mr.
' Masterson Is boss blacksmith, Mr. Parker a car
penter, and Mr. Cameron a merchant on his own
" account In another part of town Mr. WatsonMs
In charge of the mess-house,". belonging, to Mr.
Hersey ot the Aurora Ilestau rant In Portland;
Mr. Nelson Is night-watch, and Mr. McKay is
both postmaster and merchant.
There. Is no" church, and no to wik ball loathe
- place as yet, but Mensrs. Rorthwlck A MeKintien
" kindly placed an unfinished billiard saloon at our
.disposal for the lectures, seating and lighting it
for us without charge, thus giving the public an
other' proof of our oft-rejeated declaration that
,men are splendid fellows. The audience on each
evening was large, enthusiastic and orderly, and
the friends of equal rights may safely count upon
a rousing vote for the cause of liberty from this
Accompanied by Mrs. McKay, we paid a visit
: to the office of Lieutenant Powell, and were shown
Assistant Huperintendent of - the Government
works at the Locks. A light' rain was fall
ing, wlilch prevented our personal survey of the
works already, completed, but we Intensely en
Joyed an hour In examining, the topographical
illustrations in the office, wherein every curve
and eddy, every rock and crevice, every mountain
and boulder, and eyery channel and cataract from
Celllo to the Lwer Cascades are faithfully delin-
ea.tedi upon paper. In response to our query as to
whether or not the locks would ie of sufficient
length to answer the purposer1ntended,"ws were
Informed that they would, except in high-water
stages, when no boat could reach the gate. But It
.. was further explained that It Is the intention of
the Government to blast the rocks in the channeT
for a mile or two below the locks, and thus open
navigation for all stages of water The bluffs for
are composed of a shelving mas of cniroblinff
concrete, which slowly yields to the steady press
ure from the heights beyond, and falls constantly
Into the channel In sufficient quantities to fill and
obstruct the lower locks, Jf, made; but the 'wash' of
the river would keep (he channel clean If It were
simply deepened by blasting. We wee shown an.
Ingenious plan,, for testing the strength of hy
draulic cement. A trial compound is prepared
under strict test conditions ' and moulded into
"brlcquettes" If we spell It right and these are
thoroughly dried and submitted to an Archime
dean pressure,' under wbichr lf. the brlcquettej
breaks, that certain admtxturauof .proportions Is
condemned and another one attempted. A fair
and thorough trial was given in this way to every
conceivable plan for mixing an Oregon conglom
erate, known as "West's cement," but It was
found Incapable of standing the test, so the Im
ported article Is being used Instead. -The gentle
men connected with the works are exceedingly
courteous to, visitors, and will cheerfully-give
such Information as Is -desired, relative, to the
progress of the locks "and their, proposed utility.
Their undertaking is a stupendous one, " and
challenges admiration. The roar of blasting can
be heard on both railway and river at almost any
time, the reverberations sounding like the din of
a near-by .cannonade or the rumble of distant
thunder.- , .
We acknowledge an Invitation to visit the rail
way tunnels, now In course of construction under
the superlntendenoy ot J. L. Hallett, Esq., and
very, much regret that we could not accept It.
The steamer Idaho is employed on the river in
connection with the -railroad work, and Mr. Hal
lett and family live on board. Mr. H. Is ready at
any minute for duty.at any point, as the steamer
Is always ready for action. ; '
.Our. work was over at Cascade Locks, and we
took passage In the Government launch and re
traced our way, feeling devoutly thankful for the
good friends we had met and the pleasant hours
spent In their genial. company. We were soon
transferred to: the Washington side, and going
aboard the -Harvest fueen, started for Hood
ltlvcr. . We had heard much of this famous resort,
and were now' resolved to visit It. Tlie steamer
landed at a low sand-bar, a quarter of a mile
above the mouth of Hood River, a rushing, tortu
ous, snow-laden stream from the foot of the ever-.
lasting mountain whose name It bears, ami which
empties Into the Columbia nearly opposite the
White Halmoh on the Washington side, another
mountain torrent with a current like
We were met at the -landing by Mr. Charles
Harmon, a young gentleman we had formerly
known In Dayton, W. T.',.and now a druggist and
general asuintant In the employ of Dr. Ltttlefleld,
the O. R. A N. Go's efficient surgeon. Mr. Harmon
grasped our not very cumbersome baggage we've
learned to travel with light weight and started
sfoot,-we following through a wilderness T)f yellow"
flowers, over fields and across fences,. till at lawt
we came to a dead halt ataTbroken brldgeon'Tlie
Dalles and Handy WagOn Road," leading, across
Hood River. Who hasn't heard of this famous
road, that cot the 8tate forty thousand dollars?
And who, having once heard of It, would imagine
that the County Judge and the County Commls
siouers of Wasco; who tax the county to keep It
In repair, had persistently disregarded the prayers
o the Hood River people and ' permitted this
bridge, to. remain TmposHable for nearly a year 7
The.sklrU of the bridge are ail ankewand out of
order, but the crowning disgrace of Its wardrobe is
Its ragged shred of an apron, upon . which slats
are tacked and stays leaned at an angle of forty
five degrees for a distance of a hundred feet or
more, down which passengers are expected to go
"coon-fashion," with nothing to hold on by but
their eyelids, and nothing for their eyelids to
catch hold of but air. And this Is the only outlet
to the Columbia for the Hood River settlement at
this stage of the water 1 Several persons, Includ
ing one woman, "cooned" the rickety, Incline lm-
shook her head and desisted.- Mr Harmon tried
In vain to coax us to try the precipitous descent.'
For once we were as cautious as an elephant and,
taking a seat upon the broken hoops of the bridge'
dilapidated skirts, we gazed upon the angry waters
that rushed below, and concluded to give up visit
ing me llood Jllver hotel. Finding us. all un-4
moved by his Impassioned eloquence, the young
gentleman decided to go to a boat-house on the
bank some distance below and get a skiff to take
us over. Thls met our approval at once, and, af.
ter twetity mlnu' walk, we clambered down
the steeps and Into a leaky boat, which half filled
by the time we were safely across. But It was better
than that bridge, tltough it landed us In a sandy
fiat, from which we had to climb to the uplandLT
Here we found a buggy In waiting for travelers.
and we were soon bowling away toward the Hotel
several miles through the Columbia's gorges here I daAdamgf now nndtr motrol of Dr. Llttlefleld,'
and In the excellent care of MrerftJWcn, of an
Francisco, a most efficient landlady, who has
placed the house In tiptop order in anticipation of
a rush of Hummer boarders.
There Is no prettier site for a country resort In
the Northwest than this. The hotel lis large, airy,
clean and convenient, and the culstnc, presided
over by Bam Perry, of Portland, is first-class. The
house overlook the Columbia River from a fine
lawn, where fruit tree abound, and a running
spring form a lakelet near by, In which speckled
trout are sporting. Bwlnga, walks, drives, hunt
ing and fishing are In store for pleasure-seekers,
and Invalids find healing balm In the delicious
alrVnlcTTlempered-by.Borean breezes from
now-capped Hood and Adams. " Dr. V, L. Adsms,
once an active Journalist and now a retired physi
cian of this place, truly says: V You can ride on
horseback, or even drive a wagon, on the bluff in
sight of Hood River for miles, and see below you
the msddened waters, dashlngVgainst huge bould
ers, foaming and roaring as the icy torrent hasten
to mingle Itself with the peaceful Columbia. The
valley . proper stretches along ths. Columbia - for
nearly seven miles, and run back in a V hape
twelve or fifteen miles, terminating near the base
of ML Hood.'; A great deal of this land Is yet
unsettled, and there is but one" drawback (besides
that bridge) the deep snow In Winters which Is
more than offset by the pleasant Summer.
We find quite a number of families here whom
we have known elsewhere. Mr. and Mrs. E L.
Smith, formerly of Olympla, have hewed them
out a delightful home at the base, of a broad up
land overlooking high basaltic bluffs. Mr. 8, Is
engaged In mercantile pursuits, In a cosy retreat
hard by a roaring waterfall of sufficient power to
turn a mammoth saw-mill. Messrs. McCowen A
Champtatn have recently opened a well-stocked
store of general merchandise near the hotel and
hospital, where they are carrying on a thriving
trade, their only hindrance that ragged bridge
across Hood River. Mr. Ben Walling and his
bright and accomplished wife, nee Mis Georgia
Com ley, of Albany, live here on one of the finest
farms in the valley, surrounded by grand old oak
and stately evergreens. . ..
Dr. Llttlefield, as surgeon for the O. R. A N. Ov,
keeps a hospital , not far from the hotel, assisted
by Drs. Powell and Burton, and has another hos
pital near Umatilla, where the latter physician
remains most of the time. Dr. Llttlefield has
leased the Hood River hotel, not as a hospital, a
ha been stated by the press, but as a Bummer re-
a dozeuiso'rt, than which there need be no better. We
w - . - -
cordially recommend this place as a retreat for
tourists, Invalids and rusticators, as one easy of
access barring that bridge and In every way
desirable. . When the river runs down a Uttle,"the
steamers can land below the mouth of Ilpod River,
and thus avoid the ohe obstacle which the County
Judge and Commissioners have thus far Ignored.'
Everybody here I aI right oa the Woman Buf
frage que8ton.tfHo)lUllty, health, happiness
and good cheer abound,; and we take leave of. our
friends ail turn our foottepsDallesward with
genuine reluctance. The lessee of the hotel has
Just completed arraiigcmcntsto send a sail-boat
to. the steamer for guests, aud In this pleasant
vehicle we sail triumphantly past that broken
bridge, and breathe a prayer for Its speedy recon
struction as we step aboard the steamer Mountain
Queen, bound for "the seat of war." The price
we pay for our position In the lecture and Journal
istic field . Is . to endure bel ng barked at by little
newspaperrpupplesjlke the7Yme - editor and
snarled at by fangles canines, who, having no
teeth to gnash In their Impotent rage, must needs
spit 'venom at us when our back I turned and
they fancy themselves well out of danger. .'
' - . ' ' " N " A. 8. D.
"NON-PROGRE88IVE CHURCHANITYT :
Norfolk, Oregon', April 14, 1881.
To tub Emtok or the Nkw Nokthwmt :
For the benefit of the honest thinking Christian
men and women who are trying to conform the
teachings of the Bible, particularly the New Tes
tament, so as to sympathize with the Woman
Suffrage movement, I will give a few selections .
from St. Paul:
.Let roar wowif a p sllene la U cbnnctM. for tbr -
ars eommtndtd to be ender obedleoev, as also aalth the
law. Audi tbr will Imtb aajrtblnc, let tbu aak tbelr
baabands at borne, tor It U a abame for women to speak la
ehnreh. ' -
For the man la not of the woman, but the woman of the .
man.' In other worda,ehe la truly rib of htarlb.
Neither was the man meated for ths woman, bat the
woman for the man.
Can the above teaching belong to "humanita
rian Christianity T' or can It not be correctly
called "non-progressive churchanity ?'
In my humble opinion, the sooner each and
every -woman takes "a stand of open hostility"
t towartt Such one-ldel, narrow-minded commands
as ths above, the better It will be for them. Here
I what Colonel Ingersoll says about woman and
ths Bible : .
Aa long aa woman regarde the Bible aa the charter of her'
rights, she will be the slave of man. The Bible waa not.
Written by a woman. Within IU lids there la nothing but
humiliation and abame tor her.. She le made to aak tor
glyenese tor becoming m mother. Rhe laaa mnch below
ber husband aa her husband la below ChrlaL She la not al- '
lowed to apeek. The Gospel la too pure to be spoken by
her polluted lips. Women shoo Id learn In alienee.
Yours for common sense,
Mrs. Belva A. Lock wood has filed a communl
cation at the White House, offering to accept ths
Brazilian mission If tendered to her. Bhe bases
her. fitness for the position Upon various grounds,
such as thorough knowledge of the commercial
through the iHiildlng by Mr. J.-A. 111
International law, an barnest desire to arbitrate
the differences between the nations, an acquaint
ance with the Emperor and Empress of Brazil,
and proficiency in the French and Spanish lan
guages. As to sex, she say thst Brazil Is the
only monarchy on this continent, and monarchies
from time, Immemorial have seated women on the
throne and granted them places according to
tbel prank without stooping tq the narrow policy
of some' would-be republics.' In concluding her
letter, she saysj "I enclose for your oonsldera-
ItoTTonly.mTe'recommendatlon and that one from
a woman. I enclose It simply because It Is so
rare a thing for one -woman to recommend,
another." This recommendation Is from Mrs.
Helen M. Barnard, who commends her as "one of
the bravest, truest women of this country."
The Ladles' CoflV
the purpose of furnishing firemen with refresh
ments during conflagrations, numbers about one
hundred members, and "the jnoble fire laddies
will have.no excuse hereafter for rushing : to the
GARFIELD'S BAD START.
From the Mooting Htnndard. ,
. A special dispatch to the Chicago Timet say :
Iiwrnce nrrett,the tragedian, called upon the rreai
dent togft the widow of Oen. lUrtlett, wbo was killed In to
battle, the poult Ion of poaunlatreae of PlUafleld, Maaa. Mr.
Uarfleld anld he waa anrry be eoild not personally aerre
him, but would refpr him to Relator Dawea, who bad Ihe u '
office fn hla Immediate keeping. Dawes told Darrett he
would Jtke to aerve htm, but hla handa were tied by other
considerations s his Inclination waa to give the soldier's
widow the place, but, bat, etc. Whereupon the actor .
puogently Observed thai 'he waa glad he belonged to a pro
fession where men eould use the dictates of conscience and
live up to their prJnHnlee. " :r
-The actor's generous impulse was thrown away.
Politicians become thick-skinned ami don't mind "
these things. The pity Is that In a matter of this
kind, when a worthy woman, ths widow of a
soldier slain in battle, la an applicant for a place
which she might worthily fill, the President,
himself asoldier, who has uttered much sen tt
mentalism about the debt due by the Union to
Ule-boy-ln blue, I st little able to act his own
Judgment that he may be twitted for want of faith
and manllneM by a ply actorWhen"a"gaIlant
Federal General' widow wishes to obtain a post
office, President Garfield and a Massachusetts Sen
ator can't attend to her, but when a Confederate
Brigadier is tor be had for the ridiculously small
price of a chairmanship of a committee and the
naming of those to fill the two principal Senate
offices, President Garfield finds time to send him
a bouquet, and a Massachusetts Senator likens
him to the early Christians.
Ti rejoicing contributor to the Woman' Journal
writes: "Kansas lead In a good raanyjhlngs
Husband and wife have the same property rights.
Father and mothers have the same right in their
children. The teachers in the city school of
Lawrence, Kansas, are paid, according to length
of service, from $35 to $to per month, men re
ceiving the same pay as women for equal service.
How msny cities can show as fair treatment?"
Mr. T. M. Draper, of the Oregon City Demqcrat
favored the Nkw Northwest with a pleasant
call last Saturday. The young gentleman Is
deeply annoyed by some scurrility which was
surreptitiously Inserted In hi paper of March
24th by an employ. The dishonorable Individual
was summarily discharged. '
Twenty-five citizens of East Portland, probably
wishing to drive the boy into the saloons, have
petitioned Ihe Board of Trustees to prohibit ball
playing on Suudays. A remonstrance Is being
circulated, and Is numerously signed by peop
wholhTnklHys will not be" hurt by exercise In
the open air. "'.
' r .
The moulders employed in the Oregon Store
Foundry have quit work, because the proprietors
employ too many apprentices. They know how
common It I to fill manufactories-wltlt boys,
nave skilled workmen tear h-tUem-traHrsr-anit"
Bradlaugh was first ejected from the House of
Common because he refused to take the oath, and
It sccma hezwlll be kent out now becauss ha la
"'formethlng toifrcsheThansfcdtrtfiiraff rllUyAt!., it . .t
r La . x-LL-mf mrM'i:. -k-j. v'aaaMasswaMsMSisii't i u ,-aaasMsaNaiaaisjaisan'
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