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About The east Oregonian. (Pendleton, Umatilla County, Or.) 1875-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1877)
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PENDLETON, "UMATI tL'A (X)UNTY, OKEGON, SATURDAY, DEOEiTBEIl 1, 1877.
J OB WORK ffl.
I aiu.no gifted child of song,. ,
Xo harper old and gnr,
To win the smile of courtly throw:.
With somcencbanting lay;
Yet still Jo friendship old and true.
I'll touch the tuneful strinr.
And o'er thy heart as blUsful dew,
J would bring hack the youthful page.
His true Iot, time aul-place
Theyroud father iu liU re,- '
And humbly though the cift my be,
- and Weak my'mlnstrel skill, i
.lis alt I hare to offer thee.
And am thy debtor still.
Lady.1 tbe silent hour of night,
r When starlets twinkle free.
Are fraught with viipns of delight,
- . And memories of thee; ,
Aid when the pale moon softly smiles,
Upon the other main.
And glides among the f tirrj It-lcs,
I list thy voice again.
1 would recall some lorelit green,
. Where islsadjorera smiled, ;
Acd bring again the'festal tecbe.
At Moorish Irsnlld;
I'd bring them from earth' fairest spoil.
FrOB island, lake and tea,
Tct lady, all .my waking thought
Are evermore of thee.
Ah! Tain It were tome glad refrain,
To other theme than thii.
Fori would hare no note of pain.
In thl tweet dream of bliss;
Dear lady, a I kneel to thee.
And pen thl tuneful line,
Lrt Iotc so changeless plead fur me.
Oh! wilt thou not be mine
A Doctor's Storv.
I am a doctor. I lire in London, and
in one of the most crowded localities.
I had U-en in my present abode two
Tears, and had never had a patient from
the more aristocratic circle, when one
night, about 11:30, I was startled bj a
violent ring at my bell, and baring just
got to bed alter a hard day work, 1 can't
say the summons was agrteable.
However, I ran to my window at once,
and, thrusting my bead out into the rain,
cried, "Who is there!"
AToiceaaswered, "Only I, doctor. Its
an nrgeat case. Piease come down t the
I hurried oa some clothe, pd down
stairs, and opened the door. There stood,
in the full light f the ball lamp, an el
derly' lady, dressed in mourning.
She put out the smallest of hands, in a
fije, black kid glove, and said, pileouslv,
"Are vou the doctor!
-Ye-," I said.
" rheu come wuh me,' said she. "D n't
deUj. Tt' life or death. Come!
Itierried ,on my overcoit caught up
my umbrella, and, fiering my arm to the
old lady,walked down the we; atrcct with
-Yoa must be. my guide, madam,"" I
said. "I do not know where you live.'"
She. jusiinj.ly gve ?hs a street and
number that surprised me still more. It
was a tolerably aristocratic quarter of the
"Who is ill, madam, I inquire, "a
-grown pers m,-or achihir
"A youn-f Wiy my diu
said. - J .' - i :
-"Yes, MidJeuly, he atiswered. .-Do
jon keep a LrougUamI Yo j ahuuldiLaTe
iiad it 4uL if you du. tVe would hare
ieen able t go faster."
I keep.no4nvejance," I said.
?Perhaps ynu are or!" le si,
-Certainly not rich,"" I said.
"Care her, ami I'll make you rich,
1 saLL in a .sort of.supjireiStU shriek.
" Core her,a3d I'll gsfe you anything yon
csk. I don't care fur moey. " I am roll
ing in J"ld. Cdreher, andjQIJwwer it
"You ,are excited, nialam," I said.
'-Pray -be calm .
rfkimV shesaid. "Calial Jjot ioa
fdoaVknoWs Kuthtia hean.' t
We Tiid reactfed the street 4h(T V.sH in -dicated,
and were at the door of me of
its hoases. The. old lady a-iomded tlw
step, and opened he. door with a latch
lbey.- A-lwtt burned iu the hall; anwUier
In one of HM 'parlors, -the 'furniture- of
which was drajed Titf d shrouded in white
linen. ; f
"Wait here, sir, if yoa please," she:
said, as she led me into one of these.
I waited what I thought a mast uares
PfhJjtime'intbktglopmyJparlor. I be
gan to grow a little ncrvous.wLeu a stout,
short, red-faced woman, bustled into the
"I Jbeg your pardon, sirhe said, ia a
singular tone, such as one who had com-1
mittcd a speech P) .memory might use; I
-'but Biy missus the IJy who brought
you here is Tcry nerroux, and needle. y '
alarmtd. Sbebcgj yur acceptance of
the customary fee, and there 1 no need
of your f erviccs."
Thusspeakiosrbe handed me a guinea,
courtesied, and ojxrned the door for me.
I bowed, expressed my pleasure tliat the
patient was better, and departed.
It was a queer sort of adventuic, rather
amusing than otherwise; bi-side, I had a
I roc early next morning, and piid n
couple of vitits lef re breakfast. Re
turning, to my att'inirhaienf, I found
sitting in my consulting-r. om the lady
of the niglit before. SIus vros at T en
tered. "What must -yon think of meJfche
said. But no matter. Jly .(laughter is
very dear to ine.nud I have beard of,your
skill. She is worse again. Can yon call
some timVto-duy, as early aj possible, at
"I will be there fn an hour.
The lady Jook out her parse. '. "
"I am an old-fashioned woman, he
said. "I retain old-faahioned habiU. In
my day the doctor receired his fee on the
a pot. It wa, in ordinary caei,a guinea.
Will yuu reccire it now?"
I did aot know what to say, but she
laid the money on the tablc.aml departed.
I ate my breakfast, and, having dressed
myself carefully ,made my way-tn the old
lady's hue. I Vnock-d. Ttie dior was
opened by the stout female wli-i had dis
missed me the night before.
"The doctor," 1 said, by way tf ex
planation, "Ahns"d she. "Hat misfits .called
you in agsint"
"Ye, I answered.
"There it no ned, I aunf yon, ir,"
she said. "I can't really ak yoa in.
There's no one ill lure. -It's a whim of
Lmtssus. I m a better judge of illness
than she. .No nerd ol a doctor! '
1 left the hUM, of courxt, partly In
dudgeon, partly in amazement.
Tnrec weeks pased by, when, lo! the
old lady agnin.
She walked in'o my cnsulting-nKHn,
dressed as before, aa grt'l" agiuUed, aa
"Sir," sue said, "again I trouble yoa
My -MKir daughter! Come at once."
"Madam," 1 answered, -it is a doctor's
duty, as it should t hli ple-uurn, to obey
such calls; but you are aware that I bare
been sent from your door twice without
seeing the patient. ' Allow me to atk vou
a question are v.a the mistress of that
'llearcn kn-w I m, sid the old
lady. "I have lired there for forty years.
I am the only person under that roof who
lias the right to give an order.
"And the person -jrho sent me- away
-My old servant, Margaret.'
-D.d she do it at joar order"
"lo, sir; it was a piece of presump
tion. But Margaret means wrlL She
"Then, madam, if I aecowpaay yu, I
shall see the patient"
I put on my hat igiin, and we went
out of the bouse together. Wc exchanged
very few words as we walked the streets.
At the door of her hoan: the old lady
"Don't mind Margire," she whispered.
"She means welL"
Then she ascended the steps.
At the last one the d.wr was opened to
ns by the woman I had twice sees before.
"The doctor must se my chiW, Mar
gsre,'" said the old lady.
Margaret stepped back.
"Walk in, sir," was sit shetaW.
The old lady beckoned ire to follow
her. I did so. She went up stairs, and
opened the first door we came to. It was
an empty bed room. She closed it w.th
sigh. The next room into which she led
rae was also empty. So were all theoth-
ers. In effect, wc visited six apartments.
only ne of which seemed to be recularlr
occupied as a sleeping chamber; and at
the last the lady turned to me with a
strange glitter in her eye.
"Stolen," she said, 'Sto'ea; somcboJy
has stolen my girl. Sir, do yea know, I
think it mu-t be Satan!"'
Then a steady step crossed the sill.
Margaret came In. and the old lady.burst
ing into tears, suffered her to lead hsr
As I made my way down .uirs, Mar
garet rejoined mc
-You nadcrttaod, i cow,", she said.
"You see this htst' 6r"iy is not in her
UdomleedIsaid.' ' i i
Sie had ailaubter, on or," saidl Mr
"garef,'and the girl a jih-ity ciciture of
sixteen ran away with a bad tana. She
came tack home ooe day,aad begged for-
gireness. uer mother turaqji;er Xrom
the door, in a fury. It was night; the
raiu and hail beat down on too pjor
thing, and the wind buffeted her. There
is no knowing what happened to her that
night; but, next morning, the lay dead
in the police station. H-r ta-itLer ad
dress was piiiued to her babya.cotbrng.
and tbcT-tjrpoglj her bime- From tht
awful iday,!Lviny mistress who, iii Ijtr
remorse and delirium, called in twenty
doctors to bring her dead daughter to life
has always been doing what he has d nc
to you. 1 iry to Keep the jwcret gener
ally, bat some find it out, and others
think h rd t i gs of ut. I thought I
would let you know tlie irut. If the
contrive to come agin to yoo,- you can
always promise to call, and so be rid or
her. Poor soul! beba nobody in the
world but me now.' She' punished for
her iiardrie-s, at any rate, sad you'll ex
cuss her cniduct."
IIO Ae. I could say nothiag. "Mar
garet opened the d or for sue, arnf I
walked out into the fresh nir.
As I looked back upon the house, wl'b
all jUtl-gatjctJ it seeruil O'me to hare
a haunted air, as though ttie gliwt of the
p-.or girl atilldiovered ajuai.it.
GoiT only kdo-show many fearfnl-se-cret
such handsome jiome may at times
shut in," I said to myself, as I turned my
back up-rn it gladly,
I have never st-en the poor old lady
since that boar. Probably Margaret tbas
kept loo close wa ten opou her.
ATuocoBTrcLGooo Mas. A middle
aged woman has called at the TKiioffice
two or three times daily for the past week
to see if there a any rniil to her ad
dress. Ilr-r auxiety finally bee-tine so
great that she explained that she
was exiecting m .nvy from her bus
band, who was elf on his annual
vacation. Yesterday morning she Was
made glad by nceitiug a postal ord
from hira. She retired to.oneof the win
dows and read aloud to herself:
"D-tAtt "Wiru I'd end yra twenty
dollars with this, but yoo ce I'd have to
pin it oa, an Jsome one might take it ofT,
put a counterfeit in iu place, and when I
got home vou would be in jail."
She read it over again, and there Were
tears in her eyes as she mused : "lie's the
best mau on earth. Pew lmtinrwU
"have been as thoughtful as that. I don't
Know gooa money trom bad, and but for
his tboughtfulness I might pass this very
night in jail. 1 sec no w but n narrow
escape I've had, and I'll take the chil
dren and go and board with my brother-in-law
for the next two weeks."
Is Germany it has been strictly forbid
den to build school-rooms with windows
on both sides, such illpmination always
having proved injurious to the eyes of the
Duck-Slioothi'r in Maryland-
' There are "various ways of thooting
the ducks of the Chesapeake and its
broad atflacnt, the Susquehanna. Gen
tlemen for the mst part shoot from
"blind" and use decoys; while market
gunner u-o the ".ink-boat or the "sight
reflector." -Blinds" are any sort of ar-
tihcial Gcnceaiment placed at an adran
lagci'U point uiion the shore. They
gene ally consist of a scit in a sort of
box or shelter joint four feet deep, and
capable of containing three or four per
sons ana a. coupieTl XJrvs.- they are
thoroughly wrereoup wilh pine branches
and young pine trees, and communicate
with the sli -re ly a ptth sim larly
helUioI. The water in front is com
tiaratirelv shallow, ami. if it contain
lls of wild edery oa the b -ttora, i
sure to be a feeding ground for the duck.
About tbirtv yarus tram the blina" are
ancbrrd a fleet of pcrbap a hundred
and fifty decoys. They are wo.de
duck roug'ily carved aad psintol, bat
devised witn a sUict regard far variety
ana sex. ai a utile uistance tbey are
calculated t j deceive any eye. and they
certainly bare a great deal of weight ia
determining the action of a tiastiBg
flock or "bunch" of ducks. The sink-
host is in reality a floating blind. It is
nothing more than as anchored box or
ooffis with hinged flaps to keep the wa
tcr from iavadiog it. The gunner lies
on hb back ia it, completely out of sight,
and aroand it are placed ihe decoys. It
is extremely tiresomo work, but very de
structive tj the birds. They float down
the stream when shot and are picked up
trom a boat stationed b!w. It is a
wholesale murderiag sort of thing aad
has little -sport" about iu The -aight
reflector" is qeite as ba i. It consists of
a large reflector behind a common Daub
tha lamp aad Hoanie-i upon the bow of
a ixut. ice latter is rowed out into toe
stream where the deck are "bedded"
for the night, and the birds, fascinated
by the light, swim to it from every side
and bob against the boat la hdpleu con
fusion. The number of birds secured de
pends only on the caliber of the gua.
From twentv to thirty deeks to etch
sbnt fired is a common experience. The
hanter who uses one of these reflectors
maj succeed in getting ioto half a dwzea
-beds" in a niht. Another thing be
sometimes succeed in is getting a charge
o( shot in his body from some in
dignant ports m as oa shore. If a nfle
is bandy aad aay oae chancel to be Bp
and about t the hour, no hesitation U
felt at baring a crack at the "pot baa
ter's" nefarious light. Jnm "dia wj
back utai Ttrrapimf Scnlnrr.
The Dead Letter Sale.
THE CCUJOCS TU150S SENT BT MAIL THAT
SETKfc KXUCUEOTaElE DEsTIXATlOX.
In all Gaes where letters aad packages
contain valuable, they are returned to
the writer or forwarder, if there is any
clue to his address, and when neae can
be fosed they are of ooars-s re'aiaed ia
the dead letter office. The mosey alone
which yearly fiads its way into this of
fice ranges from $75,000 to $100,009.
Daring the last fiscal year the am oust
received was 77,0CC.6C, of which
C37.17 was returned to the forwarders,
and $22,527.-17 remained ia the hand of
the department. Simeidet rf the ar
tides accumulated may be gaiaod whn
it is staled that the list embraces 2,219
miscellaneous articles (inclsdiag wear
ing aptu-el of all kinds), 1.375 pieces of
je wclry some " very t!u able 1 ,593
books, treating on almost every subject,
203 chromoi, 217 pieces of sneet music,
an J 102 stereoscopic vieas. Among the
mechanical implements are organ valses,
ewiag machiae tvols and needles, lut
pah ile cutters,-tuoing-Atfkr saw fl'c,
stcd wire a wis, sdss-jrs, Tplrft-guiges,
siphons, screas, prcsing-shears, shoe
uskcTS tori WaciimitbsVttlA-jurgical
intuumeau, etc The list! 1v wearing
Mpparel is very long, including as it djc
tbunraad of articles, from a pur' of
slocicings lo a lady dress. The misoel
lanecos srtiQKS nsadacttnwaoaic- n,
pocket compssie, necdteoFlf, sun
glasses; Ixx.k mark, keys, neodle-cases,
papers of pin, razors, spectacles, hair
switches and Chi goon tj baby shoes,
furciga stamps, sb tmckles, fiUiing
tackle, scapula and Agnes Deis, batter
flies, faas, crimpers, scent bags, watch
cases, roarie, bullet molds, cloth charm,
bird w ings, goi eyes, weael, wolf and
cooas' kins,itapk!ns, do'U clothing, air
gun an 1 pop-gun ammunition, artilieial
teeth, tooth-picks, bucklfs, sardines,
boxes of shells, pipes, "butcher knives,
wax candle, g'ne potr, shut poaches
corn-buskers, night ca&, poXechip,'
crucifixes, baby rat ties, chewing gum,
gas burners, ooe china' ang'el, one pie
crust cutter, hats. Corkscrews, whiplashes,
d'g collars, rattlesDikes' rattler, pepper
boxes, scythe stoaes, three 4 what-ts-its,
one squirrel tail, wing of a bit.'
Tiincos Wg"LiKE to See. A real lady
wlw Can carry a parcel; a father at a place
of amuscineut with hi children; ayoung
man with a clear eye, and a fresh, virtu
ous, vnhackneyed face; a shop girl neat
ly dressed, and without sham ornament
ation; i man of budncss going home at
niglit with a boqucl for his wife; a shop
keeper, civil to and p itieat with a poor
woman who, wilh a baby across her arm,
venture to buy a one shilling Article; a
dressmaker who is scientific enough to
perfect a "lit" and yet leave your breath
ing apparatus in Christian working-condition;
a shop that is not an "emporium";
a mil. iter who didn't come from Paris;
a jolly domestic who likes the family; a
bride with her pet, small house; a young
father with his first boy.
Always" -win fools first. They talk
much; and what they have once uttered
they will stick to; wheress there is al
ways time, up to the last moment, to
bring before a wise man arguments
"whlchitnay-cutireiy ehang.his opinion.
EtauT girls in Macon, G-, the other
day, graduated in gowns of their own
make, and then put in type their "com-jiosltions.
"The Opinm Fiend."
Charles Tyler, known to the New York
IKslice as the "Opium PicBd," is ia the
Tombs of that city for sb-atiag surgical
instruments and ca-es of ruorpMa from
physicians. The instruments, he says,
he took to.sell"thtthc micht nntcure
morphia. To a reporter who visited him
"My right came is Henry L. Sanford.
I was born in jiie Dhtrict of Columbis,
aad am twenty-eight ve&rt old. Mr
mother was a Tyler, of Virginia, but my
lamer was a nortuern man. I hey are
both dead. I have brothers and a sister,
though they catt me ofl long ago on ac
count of my habit of Uking morphine.
At twenty I gnuluated from the college
oi pnvmacy in uwfiago. i srarteil out
a a physician, bat before long I became
addicted to .drinking whisky. I found
that the habit was injurious to my busi
ness; beside, as in all cases, after aahite
ihc whisky failed to gire me the satisfac
tion itdhl at first. It was then I began
to take m rphine. That had a splendid
effect oa me, made me lively and anbi
ttous, aad gave me aa amount of happi
ness I cannot' express to you. , t trans
formed me atoace. I became strong and
iadepeadest, Nothiag was to "hard for
me to andcrtske. I DeculatcJ aad made
lot of money. At the end of two years
my suKenag begaa. I hsd to be coa
staatly ander the influence of the drug.
I had married aad lost ray wife, and this
made it necessary for me to take stronger
doses until my mind became iraprel.
I was pat Into a lunatic asylum in Mas
sacbasetti, and the doctors said they had
never heard of any one who took so much
morphine. I was allowed to leave this
iastitatwa partially cured. I agsia be
gaa taking the drug, aad sooa areraged
forty fire graias a day. If I only bad
about thirty grain now it would make
me so lively I could daace ail around the
room. The doctor gives me twenty
grains morning and night, but that only
en sogh ta keep me alive. I take it by
injection. Loag age it failed to hire aay
effect oa me whta taken throegh the
Here he bsredhts left arm aad showed
the reporter the effect of these injections.
They were made by ahypodcrm-c syringe,
aad from their frequency his arms, from
the shoulders down to the wrists, were
oae surface of scars, aad the skia was of
a bluish tint. Many of these punctures
were not healed, but Ssafsrd declared he
was totally devoid of all feeling. One
might bore into his flesh wilh a red-hot
iron, be said, and he would not fed it,
aad as a proof of this he showed sc-srs oa
his legs, some as large as a silver baif
dstlar, and told .bow he got them. It
appears that adversity in ittfallest meat
cre came upon him. He lost hi hypo
dermic synnge and so procured a com
man syrisvgr. This he could not Insert
into the flesh without first cutting a bole,
lie used to take a razor and cat adsih in his
thigh aad then w ith a pair of scissors bore
a bole into the flesh, iato which b would
iasert the s triage aad inject the raor
pfeiae. All the fleshy parts of hit hodv
which be could cmveatentir ret at
have been cut aad punctured over and
"Oaring tielast two yesrsSsaid Ssai
ford, "I har takeaorer sixirgriins'bf
morphine a dayad I bare often taken orer
a drachm iaooe day. Ooe drachm of
morphine is eqaal to more than five hun
dred grains of opium.'1
ueiag atkedtscxplaia his present nre-
dicatneat, Saaford said that when he lost
every meni oCjaskmg moasy he sold
everything ho bad, fxota time 6 time, to
procure morphiae. When everything
was goae he prtcd'aWoa.creuit
with druggists and dealer with whom
he had acquaintance When UilJStiai
of getting the drug was denied him be
stole what be could, and with the pio
cceds got what 'he wanted;
"Knowing the ways of doctors and the
value of their instruments." said he. -I
.devoted myself to this-snecUl war of
raising the wind. Ofcourse T cot caucht.
When I want mwpbine I will do any
thing to procure it. I would sell my own
faibcr in a mlautelt I coaldJgct eausgh
fir one dose. Whea the dedre comes oa
me I would ixt exrhtage the morphine
for heaven. Gise me the dose and then
hkflg.scfedf JVfcJjke. I doal far r Tvhat
tliey do with me after I have got the
morpliac." 1'hilidtlpKU BtUtiU.
A Good During the first year
of the wxr.Say a "erioat "jspcr.-when
cuange was scarce and some large firms
were issuing currency of their owe, a
farmer eat to a store in a neighboring
town and bought some go and gave
the merchant a firp-dolrsr bfl, of which
he wanted sere nty-five cents back. The
merchant counted it out and handed it
orer to the farmer; who looked at it a
moment and inquired: "What's thlal""
-It's my currency," said the merchant.
"Wal, 'taint good for nothin' where I
ltve,"aai the farmer., ,
-Very wcH, replied the merchant,
"keep it until you get a dollar's worth.
and bring it to my store, and I will give
you a dollar bill for it."
The farmer pocketed the change and
puled. A few weeks after he went into
the same store and bought good to the
amount of obe dollar, and after paying
over the identical seventy-five cents he
iook out a handful or pumpkin-seeds
and counted out twenty-fire of them and
pas'cd them orer to the merchant.
"Why," said the merchant, "what's
"Wal," said the farmer, "this is my cur
rency, and when you get a dollar's worth
bring it to my place and I will giro you
a dollar for W'WoontocXH Patriot.
A mas msy be supposed to save money
and laV it llV fnr iflrni. ntk.r tmr.
poses;. but he cannot do this unless his
wife lets him or helps him. A prudent,
frugal, thrifty woman is a crown of glory
to her husband. She helps "him ia all
bis good resolutions; she may, by quiet
and gentle encouragement, bring out his
ucucr quauues, aau uj uci mmiw iu
mar ttnnlant in lilm nnliln nrincinles.
which arc the seeds of the highest prac
Ki.nd.vem gives birth to kindness.
The talk among the European power
about interfering before long with toe
couiba'aat in the East and so presenting
their carrying the war over into another
year, is too loud aad open to be passed
liy a iif no special significance. It is
becoming more evident that the powers
are restive under a continuance of bostili
ties and wfmld be giad to bring them to
aa end. This they seem to think they
cn do without passing judgment i n
either party, simply calling itadrawn-
batHe. No doubt Turkey would accede
to terms of peace. offeretT'ba such a basis.
prorided they intobvd ajKhleg like hu
miliation; but what i"W77t might incline
to dn, or boar far it would feel disposed
to favor tbe propOEiition of the powers, is
some a bat problematical. For aituugh
Jb Uujdsairmyjjs secured a fcjets0&
fn Djlgaria from which to launch the
caapsign of next year, it might be will
ing to regard this as triumph enough
under the circumstances, and to forego
its design of advancing upon Adriaao
ple and beyond. But the fact that the
project b opealy talked of b enough to
show that It b not without a greater de
gree of support ia the cabinets than
might be generally suspected. It is mani
fested by this time that the war tells ma
terially oa the general prosperity of Eu
rope by rendering all the foundttions of
price so uncertain. There is tbe spot
where it hurt so so'eiy, aad'thb b the
reason why interference is now openly
broached la quarters thst spctfc with
something like authority.
It woald puzzle oae more thaa ever to
say precisely what the war Is being waged
for. If the Bulgarian atrocities stimu
lated it, the have to all Intent been fcr
some time lost sight f. Other aims and
feelings hare saccceded thn such as are
implied ia redrctsicg those wrongs. Rus
sia has encountered a foe worthy of her
steel, aad in tht protracted stregie she
has had occatioa to think of many other
things. Tbe religious war has bees grad
ually changing into one for paw cr, which
indeed it was in the beginning, whea
stripped of its ostenlatiocs disguises. If
Husti a, boaevrr. Is to btcoae the neces
sary agent at wboe hands Turkey it to
be schooled la the processes of aviliza
tioa,or semi-aviltzatioe, she will sot
have gone into this contest ia vain, what
ever may harr been ber original moiircs.
Soma sach discipliaary exercise was es
sential to prepare Tsrkey,lf she shall ever
da so, to ester the Eropeaa family of ea-
lions. And inasraceb as Rasata herself
can hardly claim full almissioa to that
circle, since she is Asiatic as well as Eu
ropean, it may be in the design of Previ
desce that ae result of this prolonged
collision of hers ith Turkey is to etim
isata from her sj stem also what still re
mains of barbarism, aad by degrees
trassfsrni her as west as Turkey to the
condition ia which alt states must come
before they can expect to eater tbe circle
of civitixatioa. ifii. iv;JUiAa.
The Hatter of Tramps.
Tht chinctcriitsrs. habits tad teadescies
of this increasingly dxacerous class of
people are more aad more engaging the
attention of th'e w hoe thoughts are
turned to the secant? aad welfare of so
ciety. We recently mvie a note of "what'
uaj oeen sagges-eUTss tae amy practical
remedy for the tramp danger aad nut
since. Mr. uhu iwrntt, ia recent
letter to the public, remirks that ia com
pirisan with the d us of f jreign vagrants
the American tramp is the very worst of
hb class. The tries o ia Ear land he
describes as a solitary vagatoad, who is
easily managed, while in this country he
is grcga-iotts and formidable from union
with his fellows, who move La bands
through the country, though they mav
deploy as individual skirmishers, levying
contributions ofYod.aad clothing under
a menace uaderstoo-1. If not expres-ed,
Mr. Barri'.t says be must hare' Old
World institutions to protect society
agaiast them, and he, 'hints the Eorli.u
workhouse precisely adapted to their
case, with such Improvement as we may
see fit to a id. Ia tbe Northern bines,
he thiaks there should be one such work
house for every county, and several where
the population is dense. We could then
say to every able b-lied vagrant "There
is tbewoxkhoate within a day's walk at
farthest. Thec you will find plenty tif
work aad better food aad dodging than
you can get by begging."- We should
thus get at their true iawardae-s at once
Wht really "keeps this dargtrbus class
ia conditloa b tbe mistaken good-feeling
of the people oa whom they really prey.
It is a false sympithy that feeds and fur
nishes them on their unbroken line of
march. If those who are disposed to
giye this gratuitous assistance to vagrants
who have not tbe slightest 'claim to it,
would only propose in every instance
that the applicant should set about some
piece of work. that was kept always ready,
they would very soots bo. alsibuscd of a
weakness that u really a hurt to the
Tea CctTCitE. Wliilc labor is high
priced and of poor quality, it, is tiopefess
to believe that tea can be profitably pro
duced in tbe United States. Hundreds
of experiments have been made in years
pan with the tea-plant in various parts
of tbe States for the purpose of ascertain
ing if it was adapted to our soil and cli
mate; and althongh in many instances
they have proved successful, so far as the
growth of plants was concerned, still the
high price of labor has heretofore pre
vented extending Its cultivation. Of late,
excrimeats in tea culture have attracted
considerable attention ia California; bat
the same difficulties which have attended
it elsewhere in this country prcceat any
The war correspondent of tbe London
Arc says that at the battle near Kara
levo, where the Russians were defeated,
"a Russian officer, who was observed gal
lantly trying to rally bit men, was killed,
aad the body whea subsequently discov
ered proved to be that of a woman. She
was buried where she fell."
The reduction ia tbe public debt last
month amounted to $4,315,300.
A rctlc Explorations.
The reports (if another nmlrrtMl Arc
tic expedition tares our attention to the '
(.1.... l.t... u tl.L t . . . I
iniense Interct which ta, so loog.ttacbed
b. the frozen re-ion. of .h JJ.
the Icelandic rover, found the rich kVC
cries of New Poundland and the (J
had cosaLsincts the exoediti-n ,.f .7.
(..aoou uemoastrated that if the murh.
coveted i.X.r.h-est pssssge to IU'Uiur:
should be diered, it would le all butC?' Si ufr
uselW commerce, those frozen regions cueX T,
liavejAased the enterprise, and ItZ 0
the faH a tbe boldest xaviga'tor. uf XS'.0" !
mostWerysaccetd.ng generaUoa. The TrLTpriJLSr2i lu" d?l
Cabou In lWKtoutVtleb.peofficd- a?teV5Z T
tag a direct psno Cathay f d India, S&lntk g3a.
but swcecdsvisr rat reiehin?? sa rATdw. .. , . . ,alt amnon.
8'" iwr-uSJori, wniie in l,W tlx
c.nU)rj C-r-l.met witb cothicg but
Uisasttr-ln'tbeirrovage to W derr. north.
In IoJa.r Hugh ughby, with hii
crew, wa, .acr.nced b. f ! dcire of
Ing apstssge a tlie n- rth of Eurooe.1.: "nTT! T..-T. ."CIt
Then Msrtia FrobUh r di.rs,l
entrance to Hodsoa's bar aad first trave
Davit followed. Iiiractz. !? bat tif.
and Hudson resorted that a rvaif t.- In.
dia through that regi n was impossible.
(- 1.1 . i... j:.r r ...
uwt u uu tut. upcuiuoD, irom wnicn
he never returned, the discovery of Hud
son Bav szraia raise-" i the hnt- of ihr.
traders, aad explorations receitcd a new
Impulse. Mihoat paain to meation
numerous micorexDeditlont. we mar no.
uce Baflin, who for fifty year was unex
celled by sutMcqucat explorers, an-1 the
upTiiu'iu di sua iiraogesi anu
Aajou, unexpectedly cheeked by aaopeo
set, at nearly 71 dejr. north latitude.
Natwithstaading the offer of a Urge re
ward to the discoverer of a nasaie to
India, oCered ia 1743, the expeditions
soon we largely undertaken in the In
terest of science, aad efforts to reach the
pole saeeeeded search for a commercial
nisawaj. apiaia raipps, oipcaia u mjk,
Mackenzie, failed to penetrate farther
than Undson hvl r-nr.r tn lil-i ?Ko t-
peditions under Captains Ross and Be
chaa, the one aiming at a passage ta the
west and the other to r"-
were fol!"ei bj ezpditioas uadcr
x-rry ana rranuin, woo had serred as
lieutenaats on the previous one, all alike
iruitiess. t our simultaneous cSorts were
male ia lsi-L aad In li27. Csrn
Parry reached S2 deg. 43 mia. north,
i i i t. i . . . - . .
waere oc uespsueu Ol reacaing Uie poie.
In 1529 Captain Rs socceeded in locat-
i .t . w m .
ing uie jiagccuc poie,aad wnea we come
to the last expedition of Sir John Pnale.
lia, 1343. a survey of the entire northern
coast of America bad been acoom-
plished . Then followed numerous ex-
oedltiost f a iMrrk nf C7r JnS,. W.V-.
Kb, aad again others for exploratioo, tbe
most impartaat Ufng the Polaris expedi
tion from our ova country.
Looking over the accouats of hardships
aad privations endured by these men, tbe
number of expeditions in which the bold
leaders have lost their lives, it woohl
seem that raea would loag since have
been dicocra?ri Ta Tit's ftV" fKs ifff vt
Importance of the results to be attained,
and whea we add that men concede that
no practical commercial interest can at-
taca to the eaort". ssrprise becomes
Sort., sarprise becomes
hearing of the elaborate I
w makfnc for another at-
, ,b, .TllZZZ
amazement rn hi
tcrnnt lo hills the s.T.irt ,,T
seal a portioa of this world from oar ia-
vesugauon. uiory caanot urge men to
aa uadertakiag which the masses decry
as lacking ia practical utility, and still
we find oca willing to leave their homes
tor a winter oa the bleak coasts of the
far north that they mav be inured and
i tx Jij . ' . .t ...ia
hardships ot next spnngs northward,
ti,-.v .i.;7 .. .
command the aAnlraiion ntL. f ,
all intelligent people, aad the csi-e maai-,
fested in the preparatioas gives hope that
a farorable mlnnrr will h-nnr- v-.1n,,
additioca to scieatiic kaowledgc Jlirk
tj. Ax Old Pout. Ia Florida the old
fort formerly called St. Marks, bat since
the purchase from Spain, Fort Manoe, u
constructed of ctquina stone. The fol
lowing isaa utercstiagdescriptloaof it:
This fort is orer a ceoturj old, having
been bu,U la 175fl. It cost immease
sums of mocej. aad is strong eaough to
have withstood, ia its time, several for
midable sieges. It is probably the most
stupendous, and certainly the most inter
esting piece of masonry la the United
Slates. It contains dungeons which are
said to have witnessed scenes of Inquisi
torial atrocity, and whoe floors bare
been stained, by the bh'ody tyrannies of
a dark and cruel age. There are also a
dispel and numenmigoard-roomifor the
accunmodstiiju nf soldiers within its
masslre walls. The whole is surrounded
by a moat, which was formerly crossed
bv to ancient drawbridges. 'Modelled
after the old feudal forms of defence, each
bastloa b crowned by a turret for tcali
acls, aad has aa airof antiquity bordering
oa the romantic, as well as being exreed
iagly picturesque. Orer the Baincstracce
beagraved,ia solid rock,the arms of Spain
aad aa lascriptloa la Spanish, which In
forms the stranger that the fortress was
finished ia 173d, when Fcrdkaad VI.
ruled the domiainas of the mother
country. Dsin Alonzo Fernando de
Henda was governor and comraaad er-!n-
chief, and this- eni!nrr nf nnitmmVa
was Don Pedro de Brazassy Garay. It b
saiu uiar, in taiu, wncn x lortda was pur
chased bv the United States, many of the
old Snauish records, that aloati mulil
light upon the obscurity of the early hb-
iory oi iuis rvgion, were conveyed in se
crecy away to Cuba.
A Dasbcry man, who went to a drurj
store to have a prescription prepared,
teeing nobody but a clerk present, said:
"Young man, are yoa holding company
withaglrH" "Ye, sir,n answered the
clerk with a blush. "Do you think all
the world of herl" "I do," said the clerk,
firmly, although blushing coasiderably.
"Is tho iu tjwol" pursued the customer,
anxiously. "No, sir, she b away oa a
vbfu,r" "That will do," said the tsaa,
"you can't fool arouad aay prescription
for me." And he went away.
"Blood will tell." Vela thought.
A Ship.- Cresr Poisoned.
On tiie arrivaL at Southampton of a
Scotch tcjronn nameil Wm. Inmin n
1 eTtraordTn Tjtifr ?' . m
i 'lrwi poisoning a
I b 'l p ' Tf
' .3 enrane, and belonging
o'su wi hb, .ew urunswtck, was oo a
Teui I -ft Pih.ifn- ,i tk. i .u c .iT
lltr p-g. on
fo ?T. -
fir.d-lCao; rT. T.t J'???:
.7? va "T?V Pl ?l UHI
.7 v ,P''- 'C,,c tnr rteen forecas-
iting aad showing other signs of extreme
completely prostrated, aad next daT all
the fourteen ere down, except Inman,
who, thsugh very ill, was able to artist
the officer to shorn n sail. Daring the
next fortnight, the ship lying under thf
to lower topsaib, the sufferings of ibe
men were fearfuL Inman could not sleeps
at night owlag to the iatesse pain, and .
his bead often swclJ&I t a great size.
Hb limbs were so weak that he could
scarcely crawl alocg the deck. At the
end of tbe fortnight, three of the crew.
Turn Beaufort, a Loadoaer, Andrew An
denoe, a Swede, and William Williams,
a Poiander, went mad, aad ran about the
deck quite delirious. This so frightened
the captain, whom I n man describes aa a '
cactioas seaman, aad a kind hearted man,
that be tried to. atkm tW the Faiklaad
Islaad, distant 00 miles. Port Stanley.,
the principal harbor ia tic Falkland
blasds, was reached oa December 7th. '
As the archer was let go, the Poiander
Williams died in horrible agoar. The
day after tbe Swede died, aad two day
later the Loodocer succumbed to hb sal. .
feting. A. week after the remainder of
r."TwlM ? ur
the crew had goee to the hospital at Part"'
-T ... T . l. . l c ji! -
. r-.... it A - : - . .
a Dutchoaa died. On Jaacai-r lSrk."1
Harris Xd wards, a native of Margate.-.,
shared tao same fate? The. doctor stated 'j
that they had alt been poisoned by pa- .
tridpork. OaApnlid last Inrnaa left "
Port Stanley for Montevideo, accompan
ied bj two ship-nates, John Alrd, of Va-
terford, and Alexander Buckley, aa Eng
lishman. Subsequently they sailed q
board the royal mail stealer Toj-aa, asdr
have arrived, safely at Scthamptoa.
Wfcea they quitted Port Staaley four of "
their comradea were still in the hospital.1
Inaaa b enable to walk withat the aid "
of a staff, and does not expect to be fit'-
for work for several months. i
The Eemorse of Xarderers.
A VOUnC man flirinl I rr t. r-.r.
-1 ?" r,. ,r.i .if : i- ' -'n
r" ,T T.-,. . SF,
catJ..f Ued a toc
atf "Uh hoQ e onaliag,
ccavscted of maaaianghter The
seatesce of toe court was verv light
oaly four months la the Pestles nary?
Bat it xeras hb cooscjace impoiav
sererer penalty, aad Oialiy warned hinc;
to death. -
Tbe effects of reaorc have cadoabt-.
edly proved fatal in other cases thaa" this -J
aad vet ocr outerratioa has led n
.bel-eTe -1 aet
a universal rale that pezsoot coai
of mcldr Pienc aaj-feeling of rfir
mote vtx- Hawcrer ttraaga it,
J i lsc thevpiaica that as a,
J, J WWtWh.-V,f
Mui luoit escape irom ine gaitows tuaa
firvm aay o her coascqceacca of their
So It is with doeUists, whoarsiaossel
unse aad ttrictiy speaking, asarderers.j
We well remember the case, of William
Graves. He waa a popular lawyer, who
was elected, a Re-resea'a:lve ia Coogress
from LruUnlle, Kentucky. From having
been the bearer of a challenge for W
friend he became Involved hisaself isr a;
dad with Jonathan CUIey, a lieprtscala-j
tire "from Maine. They fougbt witij,
rides, and at tae sccsind ahot Cittey was
killed. U raves retired late pnTUaJite,
and died a few years later. It waa aatd
tint be died ot grief ; but a friend who
conversed with, him during his illness o
the subject of the duel, told us that MH
Graves said that he hid never experl
euced the tcait feeling of remorse iXni&
the matter for a single raoascnt.
Those wq die of remorse for such s
act are not very apt to coasait the, acL-
Snaoowa. Not a heartlutose shall
you find oa which some shadow has not
fallen or is about to fall. Too wit! prob
ably find that there are few households
who do not cherish aosae sorrow:. t
knows to the world; who have aot soK,e
trial which is not their peculiar messen
ger, and which they da not talk about,
except among themselves ;soate Jhxfe
that has been blasted; some expectation
dashed down; soma wroag,Tal or' sup
posed, which some member of Use house
hold has suffered; trembling anxieties
lest that other-member should not suc
ceed; triab from .the peculiar teaipera
sent of somebody ia the house, or some
environment that touches it sharply frota
without: some tbora in the Utah; sosse
physical disability that cripples oar- en
ergies whea you want to use &ea the
most; sons spot ia the house wIm daia
has left his track, oc . paiaful .liateaiags
to hear his stealthy footsteps coiicg oa.
. " " .44
Dtsturxt's eplgraaa'atk reaark U
Loth air. "vou kauw who . th. ultu n
the raea who hare filled la l'Ufatre
u h way uare oeca aa uacoiMGiqaa
plagiarism from Laa dor's IaairiaarT'Coa-
vcrsatioas. Ia the dialocue bsiweea
Soathy aad Porsea the latter says r "Tlw.se
who hare failed as pal a Vers becoate sie-tare-cleaaen;
those who have failed as
writers tura reriewNs."