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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View This Issue
".,' . ,
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For the Oregon Spectator,
San Francisco, California,
10th Fohruary, 1817.
Mr. Editor Learning by thn Toulon,
thoro uro imiiiy persons in Oregon designing
to como to this country in thn Spring, I foul
myself obligated, us u traveler over tho nmil,
to givo tlietu NOiiio ndvico in reference to their
mode of getting hero : iiml tako the liberty
of addressing them (hy your iiriniHHion)
through your columns.
In tho 'first place, lot ovory horse bo. xkml,
without fall. All who neglect thin, will run
it on tfinlr urrivnl htiro. For not onlv will
thov travel much fustor, and lose no horses cal mint of view ; tho very idea is proms, them, hot us establish a school in every sot-
)v ilm tvnv lint linvo utiiiiclhilifr tit riilft nOnr i teniim. Trim, il iu In lm n.ini. rb.ul. u-i tlf'IIIUIlt III OUT llllld. Iirovililt frrwul mill f-firii
getting here, iis lv neglecting this, their huvc u precedent in regard t Slir ttllhir i lorlubhi nohoolliouses, books and apparatus.
" Wtfttwnrd l!i Slur of Hmptro tnkci Ik way."
Vol, n. Oregon Oity, (Orogon TonlThursday, April 29, 1847. Wo. 7.
in Nootku Sound : thoro indeed wo weru on. Lot us employ touchers well nuulilU-d for
j tho cvo of n wur. which would liavo occur- i "'0 'ask, and sustuin those we, who prove
rod, imil not Monln unoloi!lsciI unu accepted i viniuum , mi uiui our ciuniron muv no
worn out linofoil and ski'l.-toti aniinalH will he
unfit for survioo for months; and besides,
iIikv will not next season hut few hones, and
at high prices in California, in consequence of the terms dictated to hor by G. Britain. I beiiofittetl, awl the teacher continued in thvir
of tho war. Mules are in demand, and bring 'Spain was then n trout nation, and uusmul;. .Proper sphere. Let us through our repro-
- ...."... . .1 a?.. t I
r I I
nal, " how unxioiis these pcoplo are to hear
from tho Pacific countrj' ; and strange that
so muiiy of all kind and classes of pcoplo
nhouhl hcII out comfortablo home, In Mia.
wiuri and elsewhere, pack up and start across
Hiich nu immense barren waste, to sottlo In
some now pluco, of whfc'.i thoy have, at
most, no certain information." At FortLar
umio, thoy met (!ov. Hoggs and Judge Morin,
from Jackson county. AAcr o night spent
in convolution, both of those gentlemen de
termined to change their destination for Ore
gon. Other parties wero met, all getting
along cheerfully suffering, only, from tho
depiedations of the Indians on their cattlo
and horses. The only death among the im.
migrants is that of Mr. Trimble, who was
killed bv tho Indians. Mixxouri Republican,
July W)'th, H40.
Fiiist Tiudino Sktti.kmknt on the Co
I.UMIIU Uivnt. It is not generally known
tliut Cupt. Joiiuthuu Winship, of Brighton,
much hotter prices than horses; and do not ing rapid Ntrides in discovery and securing ' "ontutiveii, as early at practicable, urffe . projected and commenced the first trading
sulfur yourself to lm iuiosol iiton by oer-' all she could but now a more blank among '',c appropriation-! of public la nib, in ev-' establishment on the Columbia river. Two
tain folks in Oregon, who will toil you (as nations. Tim unprovoked insult on Mourn "T towiihhip throughout the Territory, for ships wen- employed ujion the expedition
thov deceived ir,') that the scrubbiest tJre. cuusts u strmi" fooling on his behalf all over ' the purio.iu of supiortiiig common schvox. the O'Cain, under command of Capt. Na-
liy soiioing, the luUir dl our liuuils ill not
be lust, but on the coiitrurv, our children will
bless us, uud our ciiildren's children will re
vere our inoiuorv ami become a blessing to
the world. ' C. S.
i Fiio.M C.w.ihmi.nia. A gentleman who
koonU'i parted tho two lust yours in Oregon and
..'i...'.V"u"'friiia, reuchod this city' yesterday. Mis
l tlll'IIB -a . - ." .
t .. .i.a . . . . . t . .-. .
pony im worth more iu Uihlnrnin tliiui r.nglutiil ; unu iiguin, in those diyys, the ru
test ot tin native urcoi . tlr rather 1 . uu nassion iiuuhvjhI all tuitions was wur :
- "I n I ---- .- -- .
wan told by several, u good one of the for. ' since then, however, great chanties have
mer, would trade for two of the hitler. This taken place the inarch of intellect has
is altogether false. A good sized, well broke made rapid progress civilization is greatly
harness horse from Oregon, is in demand ! improved nations now know uud feel tho
and will sell well. cnnsi'uuoiiccs resulting from shedding tr
Treat tho Indians kindly along the road, i rents of human blood, and also now k
l.i. ...., Ilium tt.t, I liiil. vn.l v.uu .iikflt I li.sil ,ln. mruittuiliilifft. ,l.n, iu n(,.iil....l ...
iiiL' in u couplo hunting apurt from the muin I in waging war, uud thus do wo reap 11101""'"" "1 ' ""7 Uymrr, uud migrated from , MawvrH hut
IkvIv ulong the whole route
to the Siskin mountain, use
snilluiL' lilooil. hut wore I travoimg
from this on to your first sight of tho Saoru. joice, uud render thanks to Uod that this
mento valley my only communieiitinii with long ieiiding and agituted boundary line
those trcuchomiiH, cowardly and untamable is amicably, and I may add, satisfactorily
rasculs, would bo through my rille. The settled for the interest of all, uud that tho
ehuraetor of their country also precludes honor of loth powers has not been in the
tho idea of making peace with thorn, or ever slightest degree sullied, but stands as high
maintaining treaties if made: so that phi- as ever. Oiisr.uvr.it.
lanthropy must lio set aside in cases of no.
?... ...I.!..!. ..,.1 a ..LAnua.aS.... L.-.A .il,.,. a .... '
urt front the main I in waging war, uud thus do wo reap ih.. I "iV."" " ""'' ''V'rr, uud migrated from , Mamvn hut one,
?. After you get benefits resulting from enlightened men hold- ? V 'IV V . " V'"rV '. ,,",,'r,l,""" f',r and tho ship vas p:
1. vour ploamire in , ing ix.wor and making u prom-r use of it ; I f "',)L, '".. .''"'' "r!,,,or of ,,,ttl try- '' She sailed for tin
raveling with vou. ' and ouL'ht we nottl.cn, one and all.tore! ,"ftCa,,fo1n","' '" '"Py "'' '' I nnd.arrivoil at the
I persons mo iatt;r ouu 01 April, ami lias ieen , .,-.,, TJl0 jo.r.lwok of the ship describes
..... jr .., m. 1,.., ,...,,.. .... 1 i,,.-r ous jlty courso ,, tno r,vcr as one of grcaj diul-
hiouiv m-niiiiimi us w gn nee in in u'.rj Cll1ly tiro,JK, ,j,c strong current, the shah
we coiiiq u no mon--Kept tor llf wiiifl.-1 l(..,ess of h01Jie partf tic river, and Jgno
i.i.iu . ..n i'3tiiv.c -, u.ni ikm nunxiiugil luum ' rniw... of til
cossity, wniuh sell preservation Here nictates ,
those savages Iwing Killed oil as wnm astos.
sible. After gelling into Sacramento valley,
you will find good Indians and pvaceublc.
Thoro is no danirer whatever to ho up.
prfthgadaij. tootmi la the thicket' and rocks
- ftflupfiwfo'' ommrtirnjMJ, wher?
they ambush thcnttclves inimeufutely on the
path. Some dogs and men to go ahead and
examine these, as well as tho firing a gun or
two, on entering suspicious places, will clear
From the Creole river to Sacramento is
425 miles, and thence to Sutter's Fort, !".".
This can bo traveled in 25 days, with good
horses. Tho rough and liunf travel does
not commence till after passing the Shaste
Eoak, and getting on Destruction river, a
ranch of tho Sacramento. Tho road along
horo for about fifty miles, is the worst on the
continent of North America. Just at the
foot of Shasto peak, and at the entrance into
thit barren, desolate region
a beautiful small prairie
stop hert, at least three days
You will bo apt to find littl
vour season ol passing, Irom
or on ; so keep your dried meat
Brinir all your garden scei
arrangements to have sent down next Fall,
on somo vessel, all tho applo scions and grafts
that can bo got.
Pears arc plenty hero of all kinds. Send
your farming utensils and also your whito
seed wheat ; as I doubt not but this article
will bo scarce and high in tho Fall. Ship
your iclaxto W. H. Davis, Bsq. of this nluce,
who will see to their safo landing and stor
Ago. Respectfully, your ob'nt serv'l,
0. B. PICKET.
For tli Oiegoii Spectator.
Tin HiiCCatios foniw the common mind.'
Of all tho evils which thrcuteu to troublo
us, there is not a greater thau tho want ofj
. dtfnosiuontn.cwiiii sssssx.-ln Rsslwoa
their children. Tho vieldJa of anv nor
tinn of our territory, alter Indisputable proof
than Winship himself, and tho Albatross.
commanded by Cupt. Nuthan Winship, his
brother. The latter sailed from Hoston Ju
ly 7, 1801), with about twenty-five persons
on Ixiurd, und with the proper outfit for such
an undertaking. Sho had a long passage to
Cape Horn, und arrived at the Sandwich
Islands March 25th, the succeeding year.
Hero an addition twenty. five persons, all
was made to tho party,
10 Columbia, April 18th,
mouth of the river .May
as may interest our readers
descriptions ol country, soil, places, mouii.
tuins, eoplu und government, in Oregon and
Mr. Clymcr met, at difierent times and
different circumstances, parties of immi-
rants to Oregon Und California, who were
vingaboutr discontented, amr lioliiir hack
and forth, as whim dictated. On the 22d of
March, ho notices having met, in California,
Vnr.nnl. .. .I..-I Ivy..
, 1 uiivtiuiui n ,.. fc tu
ivner cruisinK up uw
We -'gave, of
, to tako such incident- s ncbgrrcd Lfv..,r 1,.., .iv n ,,Br... u-Ba w.lAr.iA.f-fnr thm
luring his return home, passing over inanyT -ettlemenl. uud nrenarations were made for
tho erection of a largo trading and dwelling
house ; land was cleared for cultivation, and
some seeds were sown, when a rise in the
river put a stop to their operations,
land was overflowed, and tho house,
was nearly finished, was filled wi
"the 'depth orcighleen1 Invhes!
tho spoT had to be abandoned.
of our right to it, would be an act disgracing , tt ?My of one hundred" und fifty person. :,, ,, J o'Cain wis at Sir Frencis DrakS
the name of American ; but that would not i th rtv or forty of whom were then coine to ', n r, r ?.' 1 u- I . u . J
u.. ,., ri-,,, with tl.n nm,l.,r.i f i.n I i V. I '"?' . 7"" "Vr ", " """""b. Hay, California, and his brother determined
tear comparison witn tlio neglect ol tho thn Columbia river, -shaving becomo t r- , fn: nn.l m.,,ii wii. um ucnrn ..,
education of our children. The land mi.ht of lhe other oaradixr. On thn Qn.h of JT.anlroTULtth J?? .&
revert to us by similar acts of diplomacy us Anril. Mr. Sumner and his family arrived " ""LZ "or. i t ? T"emAWM
that which would tako it from uh, or dec. ut cu.nn. 'nrct.arc.1 for their ioiimov to the rL,r.T",C,' ' ". AlTvm
aru.ion of independence might placo it in the States. Mr. Sumner had be'en in 6reKo ; T""? ?" ,7ni, ".it n ..J: .i.n',,!fS
same Mtuation us our own ravon.il lorntory. 1 fro, thence he wont to California ; and. be I ,,,.. .15.1 no, tutn to . fioiLbi. ,Mr
Hut on the other hand, with all that is justly j,, Mill dissatisfied, ho was now rctuniiiiir 1 . ? .. UoI,umbl' " Mr
ours, with the hole continent at our com. t SmS PT V ,,a.df bcCOmS
mand, und our children growing up in igt.o. , a d liSff a small firtune b 1 kn,W" ? ,? X- T ?", Y
..r u.i,. 1 . ....i.i :. 1 ... . . . VB. . i. , .. .... .. material for tho large establishment of As.
........ ... .... ..v....... ....M... ., uu iu un in, niei, unu icu .ir. I.. r. 1 lasiiiiL's. ine .,..:.. :. ...0 :.! 1 ..i r s..-i
. . . -w vuiioiiibiuu uoiiivon as sot as warns.
so much inferior in strength, to
given up un.
a ciaun lor
settler upon tho
Y.rtl.. I, W....I.I ,.lu... II... In , fi..l.l intl... I .... rL ....,. .. . , . -,"n . -- llirill, II WHS
. ...,, .. ......... .., , ,,H. . ... . . ,., j aiiinorni 11 wors 011 ijiuijorma, nt 111s camp COmi,anv
lll'HIHIl. Ill HIICIl U CUM . 111 till IMlllllCUl I1H. r.n Inn. dull' n B.nnll .......I. ... .....;.... ;.....' '
, you win im.i ,,;' nmni, ., Imil lliut ... mw nf ,.. I - - " -'" - -, -B attempt to compete with him.
01 green grass: ,.,,, ,. , , ...". .""-" """""",.' "u ".: tlon, however, was not linally
. " " i ntMlltH'IH llllll HU niftllll IIU nillU 111 irtlVit ml 111' IliA tttlttlstttilo lk f 'm iLiriun ..., . .
to rest aim Iran flll, iimiirnlmi, :, , ,. , ,, ---. -v -"" - ........ nniie breaking out ot the war in
. ,7 1 .... " n J" " " v Im. "" : "' 1 li: -:,r- l"' r"u" V- r" K r mrce , ull thouuht of renewinK it was
e or no iame at r- , '"" ' .. irom 11 oiato, wiui wmcii ll wiis ilosigneil If ( inumn inimeve.rinilip
1 or no game ai , f)f j , .Q M w ,.,i...:..t.....i:f.....: ,.... ,.. ...... ,..bi...i .. ' Oregon is an nc.xcd to t ne
!..-. .a ... . i - iviutiiaa.iijiii'.iTi.jUiiiiiiiiiiK.iiiiiiiiiiiiwiiiiiiiii r " . . . 1
luoi.iiiiiici nv. ,,., nilli j,,,!...,.., Tl.iu ;., ,.ll n,...n nu . .. V . . --. " - , w nibiii ) is ceriuiiuv cnuiicu 10
for this part . r n i" . i,, " " -f tllu,8VS " so ,, " Z? " L ' " 7," ' ' '' T. ' I !'!. n '' "' ""?
I lit... , l.n.nnn l.......i....uw ll... fiiminlt.... ..P "... ...... .. , . V . I IIUIlKS Ol t0 UolUmlUO. lllS
1. ...! 1... I ,.........-, .... ... IMMM-111, .11 IIlKlllIf IKISSeSSlUll Ol IIIUI I'Ollll. .......!.. . I. ....
' r . --.- . - .. ii...i..rifir.(.r.i. ..... j
I ...... ..... ... m.i ....iii.r.
For the Oregon HpecWtor.
Mr, Editor By tho arrival of tho Tou
'lonCapt. Crosbie, we havo received another
vorsion of tho Oregon Treaty, which, us far as
wo can judge, can bo relied on as official ;
nnd tho artiolcs of the Treaty uro decidedly
far mora in fuvor of British subjects, than
thoso recoived ut a provious date ; but still
thoy would admit of modification in fuvor of
tho latter, could it however havo boon ex
pected or oven dosired that Great Britain
should havo plunged tho nation in a war
morcly to protect the intorcsts of u fow
British merchants, and the country of little
or no value cither in a commorcial or politi-
claxsex in society. Tho rieli governing the
poor wealth, not worth, the high road to plu
ccs of distinction und trust. Educate your
children, and that evil will in a great mens,
uro be remedied, or nt least tho consequences
will not Iks us greatly full. Who can con
trast the cold formalities of society, with tho
disinterested friendship of thn schoolmate,
and not feci a wish to renew acquaintance
with those days of pure friendship? Edu
cate the mass, and the distinctions mado by
wealth will not bo seen. Who can forgot
tho associates of school duys ? Let the foun
tain of knowledge ho frco and open to all,
and tho heaven. born principles of our glori
ous coiistitutulion will exist us long as the
earth shall continuo to roll. Behold in your
children the futuro rulers of tho land. Is it
not expedient that they bo able to read tho
issues from tho press, religious and political,
in oruor 10 juugo lor inomsoivcn r onouiu
thoy not well understand tho principles nf
tho constitution ol our country, as woll as
the gonorul laws of nations 1 Should thoy
not bo able to acad in ths history of
tho past, tho cause of tho rise and fall
of nations, in order to profit hy tho oxpo-
rience of their predecessors ? Then educate
try ol winch ho
appeared to have somo
stunces in location, and tho occurrence of
war, put n stop to the enterprising project ;
1 . n . .1
iwoiveuuysoitraveiupinovniioyoiti.o ,,, 10 wn the first among the pioneers of
St. Alurv s river over a most sterile count rv. . ,... ...1. ...,.., . D . .1 ..
brought thorn to the mint where Lieut. Fn
mont intersected thn wagon trail, on his
route to California last fall. On the 2!ld
May, after long consultation nnd niauv ar
guments for nnd against the two routes 0110
leading northward by Port Hall, uud tho
other hy the Salt Lake thoy determined to
tako rromout s trail, hy tho Lake. Inter
csting us it is, wo cannot follow tho traveler
on his way, hut must content ourselves with
his conclusion us to tho practicability of the
route. Mr. Clymcr is of opinion that it is
very littlo nearer to Cnlifornia, and not so
good n road ns that hy Fort Hall.
On tho 2ild of July, Mr. Clymcr met tho
advanco company of Oregon immigrants,
consisting of cloven wagons, nearly opposite
tho Red Butcs. From tho North Platte,
thov had tho pleasant sight of beholding tho
valley to a great distance dotted with people,
horses, cattle, wagons, and tents. Still fur
ther on, thoy met threo small companies
somo destined for Oregon, and somo for Cali
fornin. " Il is remarkable," nays the jour-
civilization, who planted corn, and laid tho
lonnilation ot a settlement upon thoUortim
bin river. Boston Courier.
Nose-ology. Amongst Europeans, tho
Italians rank first for beauty of nose; tho
Dutch for the excesstvo ugliness of that fea
turo. Tho English noso is apt to bo thick
and cartilaginous ; that of tho Jews some
what crooked. In France almost ovory man
of genius has had a well-formed noso. Short
and fiat noses, so censured by Aristotle, still
rank low in tho conscience of physiognomy.
Socrates, however, was a singular instanco
of a hideous nose. Boerhave and Gibbon
had one of tho same disagrccablo feature.
Dk8pbbate Passion." Pete, what makes
you look so awful ?"
, " Jako, I'm agitated, nnd unless my splr
its aro soothed, I shall do something despe
rate, I know I shall IM ruth out and
tear a board off the pig pen .'"
OCr Modesty and sincerity nre laudable.