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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1868)
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OREGON CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, APRtti 11, IStiS.
, ,.;M... .... , -""-jjm r . t n, Lui'Ti" I mj.
ILldl N JL ILJ-1L wAL LL UylLkJ'lLJO
2lI)c lUcckln (Enterprise.
PUBLISHED EVEBY SATURDAY MtBISO
.By D. O. IRELAND,
TTTirE- South east corner of Firm and
Maiv streets, in the building lately known
' . S the Cwrt'Uo-ae, Oregon City, Oregon.
Term, of Subscription.
"One copy, one year in advance tj 00
., A " il delayed 4 vO
f Temu of Advertising.
Transient advertisements, per square
: (12 linesor less) first insertion
' For each subsequent insertion 1 w
business Cards one square pe- annum
payable quarterly f
One column per annum
One half column ....... ; ; ---
?c"gea?Uaavertising at the' established rates.
. vIj a d d&TTlt on,
Vfiil eive prompt attention to collections,
nd other business appertaining to banking.
-Sight and Telegraphic Exchange
On San Francisco and the Atlantic States for
sale. Government Securities bought and
; " L.G. Fuller,
I Pays the Highest Price for Gold Dust
Leal Tenders and Government securities
bought and sold. 'o. 103 Front st.,
xi.if Portland, Oregon.
Dr. F Barclay, M. R. C L.
: (Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
OFFICE: It fietiJenc,
- Main Street tv. ....'Oregon City.
Dr. CHARLES BLACH
Phytician, Surgeon and Accoucheur,
OFFICE Corner of Washington and Front
' streets, 1'arrish's Block, Portland, Oregon.
HES1DEXCE Washington street, between
Fourth and Fifth streets. '22.1y
rrmaneidly Located at Oregon City, Oregon.
Rooms with Dr. Saflarans, on Main street.
y. c. joussox. f. o. M COWN.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
Jt-y- Will attend to all business entrusted
t. our care in any of the Courts of the State,
c.llest mouey, negotiate loans, sell real es
t tc, etc.
.rl'articular attention given to contested
l:tud cases. -
Ortznn City. Orfgon.
Office iu Charman's Brick Block, up
J. B. UPTON,
'Attorney and Cocnselor-aTvLaw,
Oregon City, Oregon.
.-VJ " ' ----- . 1 .
' iniia rTr rr i miiii-k ill I lint' iv i.u.k
, rr- A, . i C It t. -
Main street. irt.tt
J D. M. McKENNUY,
Attorney and Counsellor at LavO.
WILL ATTEND PROMPTLY TO ALL
businesiutrusted to his care.
Of riCK One door norih of Bell k Parker's
lrug store, Oregon City, Oregon. 3:ly
JAMES M. MOOflE,
Justice of the Peace t- City Recorder.
Office In the Court House and City
Council Room, Oregon City.
Will attend to the acknowledgment of
ieds. and all other duties appertaining to
theoilice of Justice of the Peace. 2:ly
J. H. MITCHKLL.
J. N. DOLTH.
Mitchell, Dolph 6c Smith,
: Attorneys and Counsellor at Lawt
i SolicitoPs in Chancery, and Proc
) tors in Admiralty,
i lf Office oer the old l'ostOlGce, Front
street, Portland, Oregon.
U. C. GIBBS. C. W. PARKISH,
Xotary Public and Chin. (f ' Veeds.
J GIBBS & PARR- SH,
,v Attorneys and Counselors at-Law,
X TORTLAND, OREGON.
OFFICE On Alder street, in Carter's
New 11 rick Block. n3
" 0. P. BIAS0N.
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
' 102 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
WH'I' ATTENDTO BUSINESS IN ANY
Court in the State or Washington
Territory. Including business under the
Bankrupt Law. S7:ly
DALY & STEVENS,
Orr .CR Removed to No. 104 Front street,
;$t Portland, Oregon.
, Opposite McCormick's liook-Store.
yfTlLL OlVE SPECIAL ATTENTION
to the Collecting and adjustment of
Recounts, bills and notes; Negotiating Inland
bills; effecting loans, selling and leasing
real estate ; house renting, and to the gen
eral agency business in all its brauches.
JAS. L. DALY. . WARP S. STKYKXS,
(Iafc Ferry &. Foster,)
jib jqcl a. nc
"o. 103 Front street, Portland,
Agent lyorth British and Mercantile
And Manhattan Lite Insurance Co
&OVERNMENT SECURITIES, STOCKS
Bonds, and Real Estate bought and
Bold on Commission. f3!lj
A. H. BELL. '
E. A. FARKER,
BELL &. PARKER.
AND DEALERS IX
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept irt a Drug. Store.
33.) Mais Streft, Oregon Citt.
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER,
Main, ttreit; Oregon, City.
"VVill atterid to all work in his line, con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
framing, building, etc Jobbing promptly
attended to. (52
JOHN H. SCHRAM,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Main street, between Third and Fottrth,
THE attention of parties desiring anything
in my line, is directed to my stock, be
fore making purchases elsewhere.
(ly) JOHN H. SCHRAM.
All orders for the delivery of merchandise,
or packages and freight ot whatever descrip
tion, to any part of the city, will be executed
promptly and with care. 16.6m
W. F. HIGHFIELD,
Established since 1S49. at the old stand,
Main Street, Oregon City.
An assortment of Watches. Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Hepairiiijjs done on short notice,
xnA ttiankful for past favors. (37
I. GKADOX. CHAUXCY BALL.
GRADON & Co.,
M AXCFACTl-BERS OP
Wagons & Carriages,
201 and 203 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
OCT" Wagons of every description
mode to order. General Jobbing done
ith neatness and dispatch.
Orders from the country promptly
Sf.w to SMITH MAUSIIALL,
Black-Smith and Wagon Jlfalcer,
Corner of Jloin ard Third streets,
Oregou City k i Oregon.
Blacksmithing in all its branches. Wagon
making and repairing. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. (39
Removed ! itemovud !
The old and well known
D. M OSXA S TES, Proprietor.
HAS NOT DlSCONtlN'tJEb WORK!
but has been removed to Second street,
between Alder and Morrison streets, where
business will be eouducted ou as large a Scale
as iu years oaU 2:ly
I. S. ROSENSAUIiI & Co.,
No. 43 Front St., Portland Oregon.
WHOLESALE DEALERS IV
Tobacco, Cigars, SmtF, Slationery,
Yankee amotions, and Toys.
Orders promptly attended to:
t. C. Mann.
Fashion Billiard Saloon.
Main street, between Second and Third,
MANN & LeARY Proprietors.
rpilE above long established and popular
I Saloon is yet a favorite resort, and as
only the choicest brands ot Wines, Liquors
and Ciirars are dispensed to customers a
share of the public patronage is solicited.
fcff N: B. Families supplied with the
choicest Liquors, English Ale and Porter,
in bottles, on the most reasonable terms.
West Side Main Street, bttwern Second and
Third, Oregon City.
GEORGE A HAAS ----- Proprietor.
The proprietDr besrs leave to inform his
friends and the public generally that the
above named popular saloon is open for their
accommodation, with a new and well assort
ed supply of the finest brands of wines,
liquors and cigars. 52
ISAAC FARR. JOHN FARR.
FAER & BE OTHER,
Butchers and Meat Venders.
Thankful for the favors of the commnnHy
Irt the past, wish to say that they will con
tinue to deliver to their patrons, from the
wagon, as usual,
On Tuesdays and Saturdays of each icerl
all the best qualities of Beet; Mutton, and
J'ork, or any other class of meats in the
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND FOR SALE f
BRA N AND CHICKEN FEED !
TT Parties wantin-j feed must furnish
their sacks. SO.tf
A. J. MO.ROE.
TV. A. R. MELLEX.
MONROE h MELLEN,
Dealers in California. Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Obelisks, Monti-
meats, Head and Fool stones,
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. 32.tf
RANCH FOR SALE.
ITUATEI) BETWEEN THE CLACK-
amas and the
OREGON CITY TOWN PLAT !
In the vicinity of the place of T. J. Unnsaker.
;? Will be sold cheap for cash.
Apply to LEVY & FECKHEIMER,
Sl?.tf Main street, Oreou City.
Corlift A: Msiclcay,
Importers & Wholesale Grocers,
74 FRONT STREET,
GOODS SOLD FOR CASH AT A SMALL
SAX FRAXC1SCO JOBBIXG PRICES!
Would thank merchants visiting the citv to
price ttreirstock before pnrchasing. li.ly
THE LADY'S DUE AM.
Alas ! I hare walked through life,
Too heedless where I trod
Nay, helping to trample my fellow-worm,
And fill the burial sod
Forgetting that even the sparrow falls
Kot unmarked of God !
I drank the richest draughts ;
And ate whateter Was good
Fish and flesh and fotvl and fruit.
Supplied my hungry mood ;
But I never remembered th wretched ones
That starve for want of food 1
i dressed as the noble dress,
In cloth of silver and gold,
With silk and satin ftnd costly furs,
In many an ample fold ;
But I never remembered the naked limbs
That froze with Winter's cold !
The wounds I might have healed!
The human sorrow and smart!
And yet it never was in my heart
To play so ill a part ;
But evil is wrought by want of thought
As well as want of heart !
She clasped her fervent hand3,
And the tears began to stream ;
Large and bitter, and fast they fell;
Remorse was so extreme
And yet, oh, yet, that many a dame
Would dream that Lady's Dream !
Leaf from a Lady's Diary.
Among the many pood things sent to
the Farmer's Club of the American
Institute U the following leaf from a
diary of Mrs. M. J. 13., of Tioga,
Pa., sent to show the manner in
which her daily time is occupied j
August 15. Arose early, had
breakfast at six went to the shop and
wove three yards of rajj carpeting
helped about dinner while my mothtf
took her afternoon nap, copied the
web my brain had woven while at
the loom, and prepared it for publi
cation, laid aside my pen to receive
visitors, entertained company and
sewed until six, then devoted one
hour to drawing1, laid aside my pencil
for the milk pail; after milking work
ed one half hour in the yard, retired,
feeling cheerful from the conviction
of time well spent in labor, relieved
by pleisatio recreation.
AfrAid To Learn. It is related
that Galileo, who invented the tele
scope with which he observed the sat
elites of Jupiter, invited a man
who was opposed to hitn to look
through it, that he might observe
Jupiter's moonai The man positive
ly refused, saying: ,lIf 1 should see
them, how could I maintain ray opin
ions, thich I have advanced against
your philosophy?" This is the case
with many. They will not look at
the truth. They will not hear it; for
fear that the arguments which they
have framed will be destroyed, and
they raay be obliged to give up their
Walking in tiie Sea. Some in
teresling and very successful experi
nientSi with aft air tight dress, iutend
cd for the saving of life at sea, were
made lately in the presence of thous-
ands of spectators, at Holyhead, in
Wales; Mr. jtees, tif Marionetshire;
the patentee, attired in his single aip
light dress, Went through three evo
lutions. In the first, he threw him
self on the water' and Was buoyed up
by the air-tight dress, and amid great
plaudits, paddled himself along at the
rate of three hiileS ati hour. This
would, according to the opinion of
experienced seamen, be of immense
service in the case of shipwreck, or,
indeed, whenever life is endangered
on water. His second evolution was
somersaults, and the third walking up
right in the sea.
Weeping Willows. It is said
that the poet Pope planted the first
tree of the willow species in England.
Having received a present of figs
from Turkey, he observed a twig of
the basket, in which they were sent-
putting forth a bud J this he planted
in his garden at Twickenham, and in
the course of a few years it became a
fine tree, from which all the beautiful
Weeping Willows in that country have
Salt Lae City. " This singular
town covers an area of about nine
square miles that is three miles
each way. It is one of the most
beautifully laid outcitie3 in the world.
The streets afe very wide, with water
running through nearly etery one of
them. Every block is surrounded
with beautilul shade trees. In fact,
the whole nine square miles is almost
one continuous orchard.
An English paper indicates a
strange analogy between the age of
men and the age of ships. Many per
ish almost at their birth during the
last eight years no less than 1,135
newly built ships have been wrecked
on their first voyage, while others,
bearing as it were a cliatmed life, stir
vive to ninety or a hundred years
there being four on Lloyd's list that
are more than one hundred vear3 old.
The Africanization tof the SoutH.
When slavery was in absolute pos
session of the South, it subordinated
all the organs of society to its be
hests; At last, determined to domi
nate without question morfe than half
of the continent, it threw itself mad
ly against tbe invulnerable bulwarks
of freedom, and MI shattered in the
conflict. The debris of the peculiar
institution still encumbers thecround.
Like the old rafters and walls of a
city which has been shattered by an
earthquake, the laws and habits of
slavery fill the eye with their unsight
ly presence. We cannot rebuild the
city Without clearing the ground and
restoring things to order.
"The punishment of faults," savs
M. Thiers, " must be too buhl, indeed,
if to cease persisting iu them sufficed
to abolish the consequences." The
troublesome consequences of slavery
are r.ot yet ended. The sdcial con
vulsions resulting frocl its attempt to
Africanize the South hate not yet
finally abated. We use this terra ad
visedly, as the pet Word of the reac
tionary party, which, with the incon
sistency to which it is fated, now
charges the Republicans with trying
to do what it tried, but failed to ac
complish. The war having ended in
our favor, the slaveocrat3 and their
partisans arc in great haste to adjust
the terms of settlement. They wish
to save all they can of their former
power, to be used again at the first
opportunity in furtherance of oli
garchical government and a forced
system of labor. They take advan
tage of the" situation to charge us
with trying to Africanixe the South.
From the lips of Andrew Johnson
down to the whine of his Maryland
Governor, the cry and yell of the
whole pack is: " You are Africanizing
" The whole legislation of Con
gress," says De Bow's Review, " for
the last two years, which has been
under the guidance and direction of
the New England Radicals, shows the
deliberate purpose, skilfully planned,
but artfully concealed, of Africaniz
ing the extreme Southern or Gulf
This Review, the vade mecum of
the Southern planter, was devoted
during Us entire existence to the ex
press purpose of accomplishing the
very thing it now so untruthfully and
unblushingly charges upon Congress.
It was the unceasing advocate of
slavery and denouncer of free labor.
It is the organ of despotism and barN
baristn, and the impudent assailant of
every cherished principle of our re
publican fort-fathers, it advocated,
without shame, the reopening of the
slave trade, and justified the ex
tremcst measures of the pro-slavery
It declared in February, 1 8G1, as a
reason why white men should not te
permitted to vote, that " the majority
of the people, in whose hands the
powers of government are vested, be
ing condemned by the inexorable law
of necessity to material occvpution
unfavorable to the development of
thought, and as a Consequence pre
cluding the attainment of that degree
of intelligence and political informa
tion requisite to an enlightened exer
else of the elective franchise, never
select the best men for their rulers
and representatives." The reasons,
then sufficient to justify its opposition
to poor white men, and its advocacy
of an aristocratic government with an
hereditary Senate based upon the
landed interest,- now apply to the
new element which the war has en
franchised. The opposition to the
poor whites is transferred to the
freedmen, and it strives to invoke the
bitterest prejudicrs of race, by charg
ing Congress with Africanizing the
What cftfes Africanizing mean?
We need only refer to the programme
of Southern preachers, and writers,
and statesmen before the war. for an
answer to this question. The Rev.
Dr. D. M. Palmer, of New Orleans,
in his Thanksgiving sermon, deliver
ed November 29, 18G0, declared the
duty and " providential trust"' of the
South to be " let conserve and perpel
vale the institution of domestic slavery
as note existing. To the
South is assigned the high position of
defending before all nations the cause
of all religion and of all truth.
It establishes the nature of
our present trust, to preserve and
transmit our existing" system of do
mestie servitude, with the right un
changed by man to go out and root
itself ichercter Proviience and nature
may carry it " This is what they
called "preaching the Gospel" down
South, a section always devoutly in
clined and opposed to " political
Governor Adams, of South Caro
ina, in his annual message of 1856,
advocated the reopening of the slave
trade- and in the course of his argu
ments uses the following language:
" If We cannot supply the demand
for slave labor, then we must expect
to be supplied with a species of labor
tohich ive do not want, and which is,
rom the very nature of things, an
ogoni3tic to our institutions.-1'
At that period, less than one
fourth of the land in South Carolina
was improved; only a little over one-
ourth of that of Virginia only one-
sixth of the land of North Carolina
was improved) less than one-sixth of
that of (jreorgia ; about one Curhth of
that of Alabama and Mississippi;
oue-fiflh of the land of Tennessee;
one-twentieth part of Louisiana; one-
thirty-third part of Arkansas; and
not a thousandth part of Texas was
The population hits hot increased
very rapidly during the war, and the
area of land in these States, respec
tive is the same. It was admitted
on all hands that they must haVe la
bor; that the resources of their coun
try could not be developed without
abor; hence a total disregard of the
aws against slave piracy and the Open
advocacy of reopening the slave trade
by Governor Adams and other
prominent men. The Hon. L. W.
Spratt; of South Carolina, in 1801,
Wrote an able essay on the "Philo
sophy of Secession, ' froill the South
ern standpoint; and, in advocacy of
the renewed importation of Africans,
said that " in the Republic of Athens
of white slaves there were four to
One; and in portions of the Roman
Empire the proportion was greater
still; and npon this ratio the slaves
(negroes) might be increased to forty
millions without a corresponding in-
crease among the whites, and yet oc
cur no disaster; but on our rice lands-
isolated to a great eAtent, where ne
groes are employed in thousands,
there is oftpn not one whiVe man id
one hundred slaves-. Nor is there
greater danger of ah over-crowded
population. Slaves may be held to
greater density thatl freemen; order
will be greater, and economy of re
sources will be greater. Athens had
seven hundred to the square mile;
while Belgium, the most densely pop
ulated State of modern Europe, has
but about three hundred and eighty-
eight to the square mile; and with a
population only as dense as Belgium,
South Carolina could hold the popu
lation of the Southern States and
Texas three times the prt-cent popu
lation of the Union."
Thus we see that the tendency of
the Southern movement was to dis
courage white immigration and to Af
ricanize the South. They would
have overrun the largest half of the
Union with freshly imported Africans
to supply the demand for labor upon
their untitled lands, and openly des
clared that they did not want free
laborers or white men, w ho were of
necessity antagonistic to their Afri-.
canixing system, ior this purpose
they severed their connection with
the United States- and it is only the
strong arm of the friends of freedom,
the Grand Army of the Republic,
sustained by the Uepublican party,
that has prevented the rebels from
if 'ricanizing the South. Instead of
forty millions of negroes, there are
but four millions against more than
double their number of whites; while
counting in the white population of
the whole country, there is a majority
of twenty-eight millions against the
terrible bugbear of Afi icanization.
In 1861 De Bow's Review, in fur
thefance of the Africanization of the
South, said that " The poorer classes
are born to, servile labor in the North
as in Furope," and declared that
" We of the South must so modify
our State institutions as to remove the
people farther from the direct exercise
of power." It cl. timed that " aristo
ctacy is the only safeguard of liberty,
and that the Southern peop'e were
the most aristocratic people in the
World. It denounced in unmeasured
vituperat on the whole tribe of North
ern people as mudsills and scum,
and professed to despise their work-
ingmen as slaves. Now we find the
same periodical using the .following
The laboring people of New Eng
land are also deeply interested in
i-reventini: the Southern States from
becominir neero colonies. Ivabor of
all kinds agricultural, mechanical
and manufactuimg is in great de
niand in the South, and commands
high prices. If tbe laboring people
of JNew England wefo permitted to
settle in tie South,- thoe who emi
grated would improve their condition
and increase their wealth, whilst those
who remained would then be able to
obtain better prices for their labor,
since It would be in more demand
on account of its scarcity. The war
between capital attd labor has al
ready commenced. The wealthy
capitalists wish to close the South
aainst the Northern emigration by
Africanizing the Gulf States, whilst it
s the interest of the Jabdrers of the
North to haVe the rich fields of the
South open to them. The white
people of the isouth desire the settle
ment of Northern men Among them,
but they know fall well that no
Northern men are going to emigrate
to anv country where the negroes are
equal in number With the w hites, and
where they enjoy equal if not superior
It is absurd to say that two races
so dissimilar as the whites and blacks.
when their numbers are equal, can
live in peace where they enjoy equl
political privileges, where they sit on
the same juries, serve in the same
legislature, and hold similar offices.
It is an impossibility. One race or
the other must be subordinate. So
it has always been, and so it will al
This is a fragment enly of the old
sons set to a ditterent tunr. The
war has at least whipped out ot them
the vindictive denunciation of the
Northern laborer and they actually
appeal to that hated and despised
wretch to come down South and save
them from the negro.
Many foolish thiiigs are done every
day by persons who think themselves
wise. Perhaps no follies are more
common than these: To think that
the more a man eats, the Fatter and
stronger he will become. To believe
that the more hours children study,
the faster they learn. To conclude
that if exercise is good- the more vio
lent it is the more good is done. To
imagine that every hour taken from
sleep Is an hodr gained. To act oh
the presumption that the smallest
room in the house is large enough to
sleep in; To argue that whatever
remedy causes one to feel immediate
ly better is good for the system", with
out regard to more ulterior effects.
To eat Without an appetite, or to con
tinue to eat after it has been satisfied,
merely to gratify the taste. To eat
a hearty 6upper for the pleasure ex
periencea during tne onei time it is
passing down the throat, at the ei
pense of a whole night of disturbed
sleep and a weary waking in the
Its Origix U. S. It has been as
serted that the dollar mark () is a
contraction for U. S. It has, how
ever; generally been supposed to
stand for the figiire eight; and to mean
S reals, which was the Spanish dollar,
from which the American dollar Or
iginated. The two parallel lines were
drawn across the '8'' to distinguish
it from the ordinary numeral. There
is another or -gin Sometimes given to
this design which refers to the old
pillar dollar. There were on that
coin; two pillars or columns" connect
ed by a scroll, and the bears a rude
resemblance to this device.
Murder. The iower branch of
the Legislature of Minnesota passed
a bill on February the llth, leaving
capital punishment for murder at the
discretion of the jury. That's capi
tal; If the jury find a man guilty of
murder In the first degree they have
only to say " hang him," or if the
poor culprit is a u man and a brother"
of the majority cf the jurorS, and can
not skate, the verdict will be " Let
him slide." If the bill becomes a
law it will relieve the Judge ot a
great deal of heartbreaking doty in
regard to passing sentence of death
on innocent men-and-Women slayers.
O.MtNous. A Chicago paper thinks
it ominous that, just as Chicago, the
city, is being swept by fires, the City
of Chicagd, ocean steamer, gets on
the rocks and is lost; and the City of
Chicago sleeping car; of the Pullman
line, also the Silver Palace Chicago,
of the Allentdwn line, is burned up.
The hope is expressed that these par
tial and Vicarious icorchings may not
herald the coming of that more com
plete purification by fire which the
city bo greatly needs.
ThcOneida community are troub.
led with the thought that the Young
Men's Christian Association of Brook
lvn are organizing an effort to break
up their community. They do not
think the attack is to be made by the
association as a body, but by individ
uals belongitrg to the association,- and
combining for this purpose.- They al
ready feel the force of the n6w battery
brought to bear n thertr.
Flxrrti. Minnesota makes r.o fuss
over turning out six thousand barnl
of flour per day.
A Tratmlng-SUip for Boy.
The qiiestloh bow to dispose of the
boys who, by the decease or criminal
neglect of their parents are left to run
unrestrained in our streets, has elicit
ed several answers Every propos
al that offers to keep them out of
public reformatories should be care
fully examined. It is a drawback in
life to any boy to have to acknowl
edge that he was once an inmate of a
place so nearly allied to a prison.
tlpprenticing them to farmers has
becu recomruendedj and now we have
the proposal to establish a naval
school, where they could learn sea
manship and navigation. Every busi
ness which engages the attention and
satit-fies the natural desire df all
healthy boys F.r active and noVel em
ployments is deserving of trial, and
none would be more popular with the
boys themselves thau a well managed
training ship. But, if boys ate to be
educated for sea, the managers must
afterward look out for humane and
moral captains With whom to appren
tice them. It would be no ilse taking
a well trained, honest, civil and
obliging lad cut of an excellent school,
and sending him to sea with a reck
less, foul mouthed, brutal captain,
holding his own by force among a
crew composed of shanghaed sailors,
shipped in a state of intoxication; by
boarding-house keepers. Any boy
of 16 would either be ruined by such
associations, or lead a life of moral
torture with such companionship and
under such a government. But that
is no argument against the school but
rather an argument in its favor, for
any scheme which will tend to sep
arate captains and officers and crews
into classes, and make rrioral charac
ter as well as seamanship a passport
to employment, will do good;
The Commercial Record and Mar
kel Review, in San Francisco, has the
following excellent remarks on the
topic which is now being so generally-
It is bur Hpinlon that norie bht vie
ious gi' Is, and unhealthy, vicious bovs
should be placed in a reform school
Healthy, vigorous bys will run away
and escape from its confinement when
ever a good opportunity offers. Then
they are punished with an inhumanity
which leads them to believe mankind
is determined to wreak vengeance np
on their persons. This style of dec'p
line only hardens the boy and increas
es his desire to get away frbm Such a
Gehenna. Every member bf the
community has nn interest in this
matter, either direct lir indirect; and
every effort should be made immedi
ately to reform the Reform Schoo by
taking away the boys now confined
theie and .lacing them instead on
board some well appointed vessel to
to be used as a Naval School. The
very nature of their employments on
board a vessel would instil into their
minds something like love for the
business. Reeving off different kinds
oftackels; making spunyard, sennit,
and various styles of mats; workinjr
capstan covers ; making all sorts of
knots; splicing and working rope into
j fanciful shapes, and a thousand other
things ot like character, would amuse
and instruct the pilpil; inducing: him
to take ah interest in his employ rheht
and diverting his mind from mischief.
The Oppbrtnriiiy he would have to
see all the different kinds of craft en
tering and leaving our harbor: would
also fender him far b?tter satisfied
with his situation thatl if kept a close
prisoner in an Industrial School. We
doubt not Government would willing
ly lend it3 assistance to further the es
tablishment of a Naval School of this
character, and it is certainly a sub
ject in which every one Should feel a
A citizen of New York, Mr.
Towiisend, has placed in the Con
gressional library an invaluable Cob
leCiiortof the Contents of American
newspapers relating to the war. He
began this important labor in the first
stages of the rebellios; and has gath
ered and edited an iiilmense iriass.
which he now offers to sell to Con
gress. Tbe work seems to have
been with him A Work of affection,
and those Who haVe examined it pro
nounce it a contribution to the liter
ature of that great conflict which, if
purchased, would be found to be
wholly indispensable. The index
alone will be a small library in itself.
Those only who are identified with
journalism can understand the ex
traordinaty nsi fulness bf such a col
lection; There not an hour during
a session of Congress when some fact,
to confirm history to refute misrep
resentation, is not found necessary;
and the difficulty of obtaining
place to which immediate and relia
ble reference can be had is constant.
ly felt. Mr. Townsend has- 9pplied
tm nuporiani aesmerat&m
A question whtch we have never
yet seen ai-wered " If bonds are to
!o paid irr greenbacks, in what are
the greenbacks to be paid!
Touch Stort. The San Francisco
Bulletin of the 13th says: A fort
night ago the dook atSturgis's Hotel
Martinet, Contra Cdsti county, cut
the heads off two young roosters and
threw them into a shed to bleed. The
next morning lie sought fof them, bat
only one remained; and the other was
found rtinnlng In the yrd aliVe; and
blindly butting the stun.pof its tieck
against the fences, unable to guide
itself. A guest In the house Under,
took to rear the maimed bird; fitii
has succeeded in doing so. The
wound, though unsightly, has healed,
and the creature is apparently as
healthy and its plumage as bright as
when iu its normal condition. Its
keeper administers food, Water; and
gravel by the aperture in its neck,
and it seems to take in sustenance as
readily as when it had bill and ton,
gue. The creature has now subsisted
fourteen days, and the wound being
healed, there is no reason why it
should not live fof years. As a nats
ural curiosity showing that the head
is not necessarily a T?ital member of a
vertebrated animal, it has few paral
lels. Who can say hdw; with this
case before them, of life, motion, di
gestion and sense of touch remaining
in full force after the loss of the ens
tire head and part of the heck, that
the victims of the guillotine may
not retain some sensibility after de
capitation? Every kind ot paper is kjiowri
by the stationer, by its narrfe: quartd
post, 8 vo post, foolscap, etc. The1
term foolscap, to designate a certain
kiud of paper, nodoubt has puzzled
many a young inquirer. The origin"
is not only amusing bat historical.
Charles I., of England, granted numer
ous mbtidpolies forothe support of1
the Government. Among others was
the raanufadttire of paper. The wa
ter mark of the finest soft was the"
Roval Arms of E-nglattd. The con
sumption of this artic!ewas very
great at that time; and large fortunes
were made by those who had pur
chased the? exclusive right to vend it
This; among other monopolies, was
set aside by the parliament that
brought Charles I to the scaffold; and
by way df showing their contempt
for the king, they ordered the Royal
Arms taken from the paper, and a
fool with his cap and bells to be sub
stituted. It is now over two hun
dred years since the foolscap and bells
were taken froih the paper; but str.l
the paper of the S;2e which the rump
Parliament ordered lor their journal-1
bears the name of the Water-marl
then ordered as an indignity io
THk tfufFALoKs. Among other.
strange changes on the Western
plains made by the Pacific Railroad,
w ill be its effect Oh the great buffalo
migrations north and south daring
the summer and autumn months.
The immense buffalo trails that sweep
from the State bf Mexico to the
British dominions, and over which
countjess herds mce northward, o
t begins to fade, will be entirely
broken up by the railroad and th
trains of cars that will constantly be
in motion over it. TheQ buffalo,
which, like the Indian has been for
ever retreating before the advance of
the white men, will thus have hi
last great stamping ground destroy
ed, and as there is fio further retreat
possible for him; he will have to pre
pare, for his final disappearing from
the soil of the United States.
It now nppears that it wasn't
either Mrs. Akers nor Mr. Bell, who
first in verse desired their respective
mothers to rock them to sleep As
long ago as 1859, a blacksm hh resid
ing in Lexington, Georgia, nasref?
Edward Young, contributed the poer.-
to the 'Southern Field and Firesfde.'
This is vouched for in print by the
compositor Who set it up. If the com
positor will show a copy ot the orig
inal in print we shall believe him.
Some people never think of a
revenue stamp when writing a leltt;
yet some letters require stamping ns
much as a note or deed. Under t! q
internal revenue laws, letters acknowl
edging the receipt of either drafjt?',
checks or money, exceeding $20,
subject to a stamp duty of two esats,
the sama as if a formal receipt hat)
beert gtvea fir so ranch money, Thiai
fact b sometimes forgotten, or is n t
irvowr., even by good business men.
-Two hours reading a goo$
paper is as profitable as sis
work oat of twelve Tba laitatvr asd
the produce dealer equally should
derstand the markets. 0omet?fes
know a thing is tbe same as er
one hundred tuoaaand dsitars.